CN105580556A - Self-propelled corn harvesting machine - Google Patents

Self-propelled corn harvesting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105580556A
CN105580556A CN201610124662.9A CN201610124662A CN105580556A CN 105580556 A CN105580556 A CN 105580556A CN 201610124662 A CN201610124662 A CN 201610124662A CN 105580556 A CN105580556 A CN 105580556A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
screen drum
frame
self
case
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610124662.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王围
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHULAN CITY TONGYONG MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHULAN CITY TONGYONG MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHULAN CITY TONGYONG MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical SHULAN CITY TONGYONG MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201610124662.9A priority Critical patent/CN105580556A/en
Publication of CN105580556A publication Critical patent/CN105580556A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D59/00Equipment for binding harvested produce
    • A01D59/02Packers

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-propelled corn harvesting machine. A cornstalk collector, a soil remover and a bundling machine are arranged behind a header of the harvesting machine in sequence, and the cornstalk collector and the bundling machine are in power connection with a power device of the harvesting machine; the soil remover is provided with a screen drum which is fixedly connected with a machine frame through a support, a feed inlet in one end of the screen drum is communicated with a discharge outlet of the cornstalk collector through a feeding pipeline, and a discharge outlet in the other end of the screen drum corresponds to a feed inlet of the bundling machine; a shaft lever is installed in the screen drum, screw blades are fixedly connected to the shaft lever, the two ends of the shaft lever are connected to the screen drum in a rotary mode, and the shaft lever is in power connection with the power output end of the power device through a power transmission mechanism; the power input end of the cornstalk collector and the power input end of the bundling machine are in power connection with the power device through power transmission mechanisms respectively. By the adoption of the self-propelled corn harvesting machine, corn ears and cornstalks can be collected at the same time, soil in cornstalk fragments can be screened out through the soil remover, and economic benefits of farmers can be increased after baled cornstalks are sold.

Description

Self-propelled corn harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to self-propelled agricultural facility, a kind of self-propelled corn harvester is specifically provided.
Background technology
After the fruit ear of mechanical harvest corn, the stalk of corn can be stayed field in the past, stalk need to be moved clearly,Prevent its impact sowing again, because stalk has certain value, will after crushed stalk, go back Tian NengzuoFor organic fertilizer, but too much powder of straw particle can affect the growth of crops, so straw chopping and returningDemand is not enough to process whole stalks in field, along with the exploitation of stalk, can sell electricity by stalkFactory generates electricity or sells factory process ethanol, fertilizer, but requirement will be by bundled stalk bundling, is convenient to transport and calculatesValency, and define the native content in stalk, bundling stalk need to separately be purchased baler, and the de-soil of stalk also will account forWith manpower, and in the harvest season, do not have unnecessary time and manpower to remove independent Treating straw, peasant is in powerAfter the commercial value and bundling cost of weighing apparatus stalk, be often chosen in field crop straw burning, stalk is become to vegetationAsh is field also, although saved processing cost, crop straw burning meeting pollutant atmosphere, also easily causes mountain forestFire.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of self-propelled corn harvester, this cropper is at harvesting corn fruit earCan collect stalk and by bundled stalk bundling, save time and manpower, the stalk after bundling is low containing soil amount simultaneously,Can sell and obtain economic interests.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: self-propelled corn harvester, comprise cropper frame, be contained in frameOn power set, be contained in the header of frame front end, it is characterized in that: header rear is provided with straw successivelyStalk gathering machine, de-native machine and baler, straw collector is connected with frame by installing rack, the machine of balerBody and frame are connected, and the power intake of straw collector and the power intake of baler pass through respectively powerTransmission mechanism connects with the clutch end power of power set, and described de-native facility have screen drum, and screen drum is logicalCross support and frame is connected, the charging aperture that screen drum is is by the discharging opening connection of charging line and straw collectorLogical, the discharging opening of screen drum other end is corresponding with the charging aperture of baler, and axostylus axostyle is housed in screen drum, solid on axostylus axostyleBe connected with helical blade, the two ends of axostylus axostyle are rotatably connected on screen drum, and axostylus axostyle is by Poewr transmission mechanism and powerThe clutch end power of device connects, and described straw collector and the power intake of baler are logical respectivelyCrossing Poewr transmission mechanism connects with power set power.
Described straw collector has case, and the installing rack being connected with frame is housed on case, case one sideMaterial handling fan is housed, and case Inner Front End is equipped with stalk crushing cutter, and in case, spiral conveying groove is equipped with in rear end,Between the notch at spiral conveying groove top and case, be provided with charging gap, at the bottom of the bottom land of spiral conveying groove is sieve aperture,The charging aperture UNICOM of the discharging opening of spiral conveying groove and material handling fan, the discharging opening of material handling fan isThe discharging opening of straw collector.
On screen drum, mesh size along charging aperture to discharging opening direction by little gradually large, described mesh diameter minimum is10mm, is 18mm to the maximum.
Advantage of the present invention is: the fruit ear of corn is gathered in the crops by header, and maize straw is collected by straw collector,Can in harvesting corn fruit ear, can collect stalk, de-native function screens out the earth material in crushed straw aggregate, will containThe low crushed straw aggregate of soil amount is sent in binding apparatus and is carried out bundling, and it is low that the straw bundle after bundling includes soil amount, energyMeet the requirement of stalk party in request, can sell and obtain economic interests.
Stalk crushing cutter in the straw collector of limiting structure is smashed stalk, and material handling fan is at caseForm negative pressure, the crushed straw aggregate of lighter weight in case is sucked in spiral conveying groove, by material handling fanBlow to de-native machine, the stone soil block on ground etc. can not be inhaled in spiral conveying groove because quality is heavier, quiltCrushing cutter is smashed and is sucked or be thrown into the soil in spiral conveying groove, under the stirring of auger conveyor, from delivery chuteSieve aperture at the bottom of drop, carry stalk with wind-force, only have the broken powdery soils of part to be blown in de-native machine,Helical blade in de-native machine stirs the crushed straw aggregate of sending into, make its crushed straw aggregate gradually compacting mutually peg graft and twineAround, in the process of stirring, screen drum can screen out native powder, along with stalk is wound around compacting each other, and sieve aperture chiVery littlely increase gradually, can also continue to screen out native powder, simultaneously can using the powder of straw of little part also field as organicFertilizer, the stalk Continuous compacting of sending in baler breaks into bundle, obtains containing the low salable stalk square bale of soil amount.
Self-propelled corn harvester of the present invention goes soil, stalk to beat harvesting corn fruit ear, harvesting stalk, stalkBundle four large functions roll into one, and when use, can save human and material resources and time.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of self-propelled corn harvester of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of straw collector in the present invention, de-native machine and baler;
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of self-propelled corn harvester of the present invention.
1 header in figure, 2 frames, 3 power set, 4 balers, 5 supports, 6 axostylus axostyles, 7 de-native machines,The power intake of 8 Poewr transmission mechanisms, 9 charging lines, 10 balers, the power of 11 power set are defeatedGo out power intake, 14 straw collectors, 15 balers of end, 12 installing racks, 13 straw collectorsThe discharging opening of charging aperture, 16 screen drum other ends, 17 helical blades, 18 screen drums, 19 meshes, 20 spiral transferringsSend bottom land, 21 spiral conveying grooves, 22 charging gaps, 23 auger conveyors, 24 spiral conveying grooves of grooveCharging aperture, 29 materials of discharging opening, 25 cases, 26 crushing cutters, 27 cutter shafts, 28 material handling fans are defeatedThe charging aperture that the discharging opening of pressure fan, 30 material handling fans, 31 flexible tube sections, 32 screen drum are one.
Detailed description of the invention
Self-propelled corn harvester, comprise cropper frame 2, be contained in the power set 3 in frame, be contained inThe header 1 of frame front end, header rear is provided with straw collector 14, de-native machine 7 and baler 4 successively,Straw collector is connected with frame by installing rack 12, and body and the frame of baler are connected, straw collectorPower intake 13 and the power intake 10 of baler respectively by Poewr transmission mechanism 8 and power dressClutch end 11 power of putting connect, and described de-native facility have screen drum 18, and screen drum is by support 5 and machineFrame is connected, and the charging aperture 32 that screen drum is is the discharging opening UNICOM with straw collector by charging line 9, instituteThe charging line of stating is provided with flexible tube section 31, and the discharging opening 16 of screen drum other end is right with the charging aperture 15 of balerShould, axostylus axostyle 6 is housed in screen drum, on axostylus axostyle, be fixed with helical blade 17, the two ends of axostylus axostyle are rotatably connected on sieveOn cylinder, axostylus axostyle connects with the clutch end power of power set by Poewr transmission mechanism, described stalkThe power intake of gathering machine and baler connects with power set power by Poewr transmission mechanism respectively.
Described straw collector has case 25, and the installing rack being connected with frame is housed on case, case oneSide is equipped with material handling fan 29, and case Inner Front End is equipped with stalk crushing cutter 26, and in case, spiral is equipped with in rear endDelivery chute 21, is provided with charging gap 22 between the notch at spiral conveying groove top and case, spiral conveying grooveAt the bottom of bottom land 20 is sieve aperture, in spiral conveying groove, be provided with the auger conveyor 23 of rotation, the discharging of spiral conveying grooveCharging aperture 28 UNICOMs of mouth 24 and material handling fan, the discharging opening 30 of material handling fan is straw collectingThe discharging opening of machine.
On screen drum mesh 19 sizes along charging aperture to discharging opening direction by little gradually large, described mesh diameter minimumFor 10mm, be 18mm to the maximum.
Ear or transport device, fruit ear apparatus for peeling off and grain are also housed in the frame of described self-propelled corn harvesterCase, when harvesting corn, the corn ear that header is taken is delivered to fruit ear apparatus for peeling off by ear or transport device, reallyAfter fringe peeling, enter tanker; Maize straw after plucking is carried out fragmentation, collects, is rubbed and enter by straw collectorBlower fan place, and by wind energy, powder of straw particle is transported to de-native machine and take off soil, make to pluck receive corn ear with timeReceive stalk and synchronously carry out, the stalk material after de-soil is pressed in baler, breaks into square bale through Continuous compacting, beatsThe good automatic landing of straw bundle ground, also can hang with at cropper rear the chassis for depositing stalk, accomplishes fluentlyStraw bundle directly drop on chassis, can save handling time.
Described power set are internal combustion engine or motor or generator, described straw collector, baler,Material handling fan is commercially available prod, wherein, baler can adopt herbage baler or blue or green storage baler orStraw baler, the body of baler is arranged in frame, and the outlet of straw bundle is located at the rear of frame; StrawStalk gathering machine can adopt the emerging fertile board JS-180 crushed stalk gathering machine in Hebei or protect the corn stalk of rich board BF seriesStalk harvester, if the stalk crushing cutter in straw collector is mostly by cutter shaft 27 be arranged on cutter shaftDo crushing cutter is formed, adjust adjacent cutter spacing, the cloth of crushing cutter in straw collector according to the type of balerCutter density and blade axis rotary speed, be used for the segment length of stalk after controlled fragmentation; Described material handling fan can adoptFull blast board CX-150 material handling fan or TW board YX-81D material handling fan, when material handling fan isWhen slave mode mechanical fan, the impeller shaft of blower fan is by the power output shaft of Poewr transmission mechanism and power setPower connects, and in the time that material handling fan is electric fan, the power output end of this electric fan passes through electric wireBe electrically connected with the electric output in power set, it is moving that this electricity output is normally contained in self-propelled corn harvesterGenerator in power apparatus; Poewr transmission mechanism described in literary composition be belt gear, chain drive,The existing transmission mechanisms powered by conventional energy such as the mechanical, electrical force transfer mechanism of gear drive.

Claims (3)

1. self-propelled corn harvester, comprise cropper frame, be contained in the power set in frame, be contained inThe header of frame front end, is characterized in that: header rear be provided with successively straw collector, de-native machine andBaler, straw collector is connected with frame by installing rack, and body and the frame of baler are connected, stalkThe power intake of gathering machine and the power intake of baler are respectively by Poewr transmission mechanism and power setClutch end power connect, described de-native facility have screen drum, screen drum is connected by support and frame,The charging aperture that screen drum is one is by the discharging opening UNICOM of charging line and straw collector, the going out of screen drum other endMaterial mouth is corresponding with the charging aperture of baler, and axostylus axostyle is housed in screen drum, is fixed with helical blade, axostylus axostyle on axostylus axostyleTwo ends be rotatably connected on screen drum, the clutch end of axostylus axostyle by Poewr transmission mechanism and power set is movingPower connects, and described straw collector and the power intake of baler are respectively by Poewr transmission mechanism and movingPower apparatus power connects.
2. self-propelled corn harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described stalk is receivedCollection facility have case, and the installing rack being connected with frame is housed on case, and case one side is equipped with material handling fan,Case Inner Front End is equipped with stalk crushing cutter, and in case, spiral conveying groove is equipped with in rear end, spiral conveying groove topBetween notch and case, be provided with charging gap, at the bottom of the bottom land of spiral conveying groove is sieve aperture, the going out of spiral conveying grooveMaterial mouthful and the charging aperture UNICOM of material handling fan, what the discharging opening of material handling fan was straw collector goes outMaterial mouthful.
3. self-propelled corn harvester according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: screen drum top sieveThe size of eye is 10mm along charging aperture to discharging opening direction by little gradually large, described mesh diameter minimum, maximumFor 18mm.
CN201610124662.9A 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Self-propelled corn harvesting machine Pending CN105580556A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610124662.9A CN105580556A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Self-propelled corn harvesting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610124662.9A CN105580556A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Self-propelled corn harvesting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105580556A true CN105580556A (en) 2016-05-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610124662.9A Pending CN105580556A (en) 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Self-propelled corn harvesting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105580556A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5839954A (en) * 1996-10-23 1998-11-24 Byron Enterprises Inc. Sweet corn processing system
CN103250513A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-21 山东理工大学 Self-propelled corn-harvesting straw-bundling combined machine
CN203279515U (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-11-13 滦南县泰益合机械制造有限公司 Self-propelled corn combine harvester
CN203840765U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-09-24 新疆机械研究院股份有限公司 Self-propelled straw harvesting rectangular bale baler
CN204466306U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-07-15 北京奥天奇能源科技有限公司 Self-propelled type straw collects bundling combine
CN205389495U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-27 舒兰市通用机械有限责任公司 Self -walking type corn harvester

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5839954A (en) * 1996-10-23 1998-11-24 Byron Enterprises Inc. Sweet corn processing system
CN103250513A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-21 山东理工大学 Self-propelled corn-harvesting straw-bundling combined machine
CN203279515U (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-11-13 滦南县泰益合机械制造有限公司 Self-propelled corn combine harvester
CN203840765U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-09-24 新疆机械研究院股份有限公司 Self-propelled straw harvesting rectangular bale baler
CN204466306U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-07-15 北京奥天奇能源科技有限公司 Self-propelled type straw collects bundling combine
CN205389495U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-27 舒兰市通用机械有限责任公司 Self -walking type corn harvester

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Application publication date: 20160518

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