CN105577092A - Single-axis tracking photovoltaic power generation structure - Google Patents

Single-axis tracking photovoltaic power generation structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105577092A
CN105577092A CN201610025981.4A CN201610025981A CN105577092A CN 105577092 A CN105577092 A CN 105577092A CN 201610025981 A CN201610025981 A CN 201610025981A CN 105577092 A CN105577092 A CN 105577092A
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China
Prior art keywords
adjusting
hinged
power generation
rod
feed rod
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CN201610025981.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105577092B (en
Inventor
时雷
林丽
肖华亮
闫龙华
白光照
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Guizhou University
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Guizhou University
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a single-axis tracking photovoltaic power generation structure, which comprises solar photovoltaic assemblies and a fixed base, wherein the fixed base is used for mounting the solar photovoltaic assemblies; the fixed base is connected to the top parts of a plurality of upright posts through hinges; the plurality of upright posts are linearly arranged; a diagonal bar, an oscillating bar and an adjusting screw are arranged at the positions of the upper part of at least one upright post; the upper ends of the diagonal bars are hinged with the fixed base; the lower ends of the diagonal bars are hinged with and supported on bearings of the upright posts; a sliding sleeve sleeves each diagonal bar; an adjusting nut sleeves each adjusting screw; one end of each oscillating bar is hinged with the corresponding sliding sleeve; and the other end of each oscillating bar is hinged with the corresponding adjusting nut; and two ends of each adjusting screw are fixedly butted with a feed rod. An angle adjusting mechanism combining a connecting rod mechanism and a nut-screw pair is adopted for adjusting the elevation angles of the photovoltaic assemblies, so that the adjusting mechanism is simple in structure, reasonable in design, low in fault rate, reliable in adjusting action and convenient to manufacture and use, and also reduces the manufacturing cost.

Description

A kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure, belong to technical field of solar utilization technique.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of regenerative resource of cleanliness without any pollution, fully develops solar energy and not only can save day by day exhausted conventional energy resource, but also can decreasing pollution, protection of the environment.
Photovoltaic generation is a kind of technology utilizing the photovoltaic effect of interface and luminous energy is directly changed into electric energy.Obtain best power to make photovoltaic power generation apparatus to export, must in conjunction with natural environmental conditions such as building site, residing seasons in month, by solar module with certain towards installing, make solar module can just to or substantially just to the sun, to ensure that solar photovoltaic cell panel obtains maximum illumination resources, its generating efficiency is made to be in optimum state.
At present, the mounting means of solar photovoltaic assembly is nothing more than fixed and adjustment tracking mode.Although it is simple that fixed installation method has structure, the advantage of convenient fixing is installed, regulates because it can not carry out tracking according to the orientation of the sun, Gu and generating efficiency is low, be difficult to the generating efficiency giving full play to photovoltaic plant.Regulate the double-axis tracking formula mounting means in tracking mode, can follow the tracks of the orientation of the sun, although its generating efficiency is the highest, adjustment structure is complicated, and failure rate is high, and needs consumption more to drive electric energy.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure, can realize the adjusted in concert with row's photovoltaic module luffing angle, and adjustment structure is rationally simple, failure rate is low.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure, comprise solar photovoltaic assembly, and for installing the holder of described solar photovoltaic assembly, described holder is hinged through the hinge to the top of many root posts, many root posts are arranged in a linear, the upper position place of at least one root post is provided with hound, fork and adjusting screw(rod), the upper end of hound is hinged mutually with holder, lower end is hinged in the supporting of column, hound is arranged with sliding sleeve, adjusting screw(rod) is arranged with adjusting nut, one end of described fork is hinged mutually with sliding sleeve, the other end is hinged mutually with adjusting nut, the two ends of adjusting screw(rod) are fixedly docked with feed rod.
Preferably, described column is provided with feed rod supporting base, feed rod rotating support is in feed rod supporting base.Arrange feed rod supporting base for installing feed rod, improve the stability of feed rod, this mounting structure is simple.
Preferably, in described feed rod supporting base, radial thrust bearing is provided with.Radial thrust bearing can support the rotation of feed rod, can stop again the axial endplay of feed rod.
Preferably, the docking location place of adjusting screw(rod) and feed rod is provided with shaft coupling.
Preferably, described holder is frame structure.Holder adopts frame structure, is conducive to the weight alleviating holder, uses less power and rotatable feed rod and then carries out the angular adjustment of photovoltaic module.
Preferably, the outer end of a feed rod is had at least to be connected with crank.Crank is set, is convenient to the rotating operation of feed rod.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: compared with prior art, the angle adjusting mechanism that the present invention combines with nut-screw pair owing to adopting linkage, be used for adjusting the luffing angle of photovoltaic module, this governor motion structure is simple, reasonable in design, failure rate is low, regulates reliable in action, both convenient manufacture and use, again reduce manufacturing cost, this structure lifting force is strong simultaneously, and self-locking performance is good, effectively can strengthen stability and the wind loading rating of whole photovoltaic power generation structure.In addition, in the present invention, the photovoltaic module on same row's column can adjusted in concert, easy to operate, quick, laborsaving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of A place structure in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of structure shown in Fig. 2;
Description of reference numerals: 1-column; 2-photovoltaic module; 3-holder; 4-feed rod; 5-shaft coupling; 6-adjusting screw(rod); 7-fork; 8-hound; 9-sliding sleeve; 10-supports; 11-feed rod supporting base; 12-adjusting nut; 13-crank.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, invention is described further:
A kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure, comprise solar photovoltaic assembly 2, and for installing the holder 3 of described solar photovoltaic assembly 2, described holder 3 is hinged through the hinge to the top of many root posts 1, column 1 is perpendicular to ground and be fixed on concrete pedestal, and many root posts 1 are arranged in a linear, the upper position place of at least one root post 1 is provided with hound 8, fork 7 and adjusting screw(rod) 6, the upper end of hound 8 is hinged with holder 3 phase, lower end is hinged in the supporting 10 of column 1, hound 8 is arranged with sliding sleeve 9, adjusting screw(rod) 6 is arranged with adjusting nut 12, one end of described fork 7 is hinged with sliding sleeve 9 phase, the other end is hinged with adjusting nut 12 phase, the two ends of adjusting screw(rod) 6 are fixedly docked with feed rod 4.
As further improvement of this embodiment, described column 1 is provided with feed rod supporting base 11, feed rod 4 rotating support is in feed rod supporting base 11.
Further, in described feed rod supporting base 11, radial thrust bearing is provided with.
Adjusting screw(rod) 6 and the docking location place of feed rod 4 are provided with shaft coupling 5.
Further, described holder 3 adopts frame structure.
In the present embodiment, the outer end of a feed rod 4 is had at least to be connected with crank 13.
Operation principle of the present invention is: in same row's photovoltaic power generation structure, rotating crank 13 makes feed rod 4 rotate, feed rod 4 drives adjusting screw(rod) 6 and adjusting nut 12, thus the fork 7 be hinged with adjusting nut 12 is swung, the fork 7 swung makes hound 8 lift or put down by sliding sleeve 9, the coercive mechanism of hound 8 racking holders 3 around column 1 top rotates, thus achieves the adjustment of photovoltaic module luffing angle, with change photovoltaic module towards.
Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred implementation further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure, comprise solar photovoltaic assembly (2), and the holder (3) for installing described solar photovoltaic assembly (2), described holder (3) is hinged through the hinge to the top of many root posts (1), many root posts (1) are arranged in a linear, it is characterized in that: the upper position place of at least one root post (1) is provided with hound (8), fork (7) and adjusting screw(rod) (6), the upper end of hound (8) is hinged mutually with holder (3), on the hinged supporting in column (1) in lower end (10), hound (8) is arranged with sliding sleeve (9), adjusting screw(rod) (6) is arranged with adjusting nut (12), one end of described fork (7) is hinged mutually with sliding sleeve (9), the other end is hinged mutually with adjusting nut (12), the two ends of adjusting screw(rod) (6) are fixedly docked with feed rod (4).
2. a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described column (1), be provided with feed rod supporting base (11), feed rod (4) rotating support is in feed rod supporting base (11).
3. a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in described feed rod supporting base (11), be provided with radial thrust bearing.
4. a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: adjusting screw(rod) (6) and the docking location place of feed rod (4) are provided with shaft coupling (5).
5. a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described holder (3) is frame structure.
6. a kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: have at least the outer end of a feed rod (4) to be connected with crank (13).
CN201610025981.4A 2016-01-15 2016-01-15 A kind of uniaxiality tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure Active CN105577092B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107104624A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-08-29 申清章 One kind power supply movement photovoltaic generation car

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110168241A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2011-07-14 Et Energy Company Limited Photo-Voltaic Power Generation Equipment that Can Automatically Track the Sun
CN103135582A (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-06-05 西安艾力特电子实业有限公司 Photovoltaic panel elevation angle linkage mechanism capable of being adjusted manually and conveniently
CN103378186A (en) * 2012-04-18 2013-10-30 中信博新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Linked tracking support apparatus for solar photovoltaic module
CN203271204U (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-11-06 苏州聚晟太阳能有限公司 Solar charging vehicle shed capable of tracking sun in single-shaft linkage mode
CN103853186A (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-11 飞秒光电科技(西安)有限公司 Pitch angle regulating mechanism group of solar tracking device based on rotation of earth
CN204886825U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-16 天津阳光时代新能源科技有限公司 Oblique unipolar tracking means of solar energy power generation subassembly
CN205490351U (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-08-17 贵州大学 Single -axis tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110168241A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2011-07-14 Et Energy Company Limited Photo-Voltaic Power Generation Equipment that Can Automatically Track the Sun
CN103135582A (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-06-05 西安艾力特电子实业有限公司 Photovoltaic panel elevation angle linkage mechanism capable of being adjusted manually and conveniently
CN103378186A (en) * 2012-04-18 2013-10-30 中信博新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Linked tracking support apparatus for solar photovoltaic module
CN103853186A (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-11 飞秒光电科技(西安)有限公司 Pitch angle regulating mechanism group of solar tracking device based on rotation of earth
CN203271204U (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-11-06 苏州聚晟太阳能有限公司 Solar charging vehicle shed capable of tracking sun in single-shaft linkage mode
CN204886825U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-16 天津阳光时代新能源科技有限公司 Oblique unipolar tracking means of solar energy power generation subassembly
CN205490351U (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-08-17 贵州大学 Single -axis tracking formula photovoltaic power generation structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107104624A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-08-29 申清章 One kind power supply movement photovoltaic generation car
CN107276521A (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-10-20 申清章 Power supply movement photovoltaic generation car

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