CN105563183A - Process equipment for precisely machining thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and machining process thereof - Google Patents

Process equipment for precisely machining thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and machining process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105563183A
CN105563183A CN201610108419.8A CN201610108419A CN105563183A CN 105563183 A CN105563183 A CN 105563183A CN 201610108419 A CN201610108419 A CN 201610108419A CN 105563183 A CN105563183 A CN 105563183A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
ring
claw
technique
thin
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Application number
CN201610108419.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105563183B (en
Inventor
陆秦旭
刘智
丁佐军
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无锡市派克重型铸锻有限公司
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Priority to CN201610108419.8A priority Critical patent/CN105563183B/en
Publication of CN105563183A publication Critical patent/CN105563183A/en
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Publication of CN105563183B publication Critical patent/CN105563183B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • B23Q3/065Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material for holding workpieces being specially deformable, e.g. made from thin-walled or elastic material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass

Abstract

The invention relates to process equipment for precisely machining a thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and a machining process thereof. The process equipment comprises a worktable; a clamping jaw is mounted on the worktable; a process ring matched with the clamping jaw is mounted on the clamping jaw, and is coated with a workpiece; and the internal of the workpiece is pressed through a pressing cone ring. The process equipment is compact and reasonable in structure and convenient for operation; and the equipment and the process can conveniently finish machining of the aluminum alloy cone, are suitable for batch production, are convenient for clamping, prevent deformation caused by clamping force, guarantee the machining precision, increase the contact area, reduce vibration of the thin-wall workpiece, guarantee the roughness requirement, once mold all surfaces, and prevent cutter joint marks and repeated clamping.

Description

A kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and processing technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to processing technical field of auxiliary equipment, especially a kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and processing technology thereof.
Background technology
At present, aluminium alloy cone is widely used, and when processing the product of aluminium alloy cone, finds a problem.Because aluminum alloy materials intensity is low, and workpiece is thinner, highly higher.Be difficult to clamp cone adding man-hour common four paws clamping, and clamping force very easily makes workpiece deformation, and make product meet the requirements of precision.Affect the quality of converted products.
Summary of the invention
The applicant is for the shortcoming in above-mentioned existing production technology, and provide a kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone and processing technology thereof, thus make it easy to process, machining accuracy is high.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
One is used for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, comprises workbench, described workbench is provided with claw, described claw is provided with the technique ring be mated, and on described technique ring, cover has workpiece, and described inside workpiece is by compressing conical ring compression.
Its further technical scheme is:
The structure of described technique ring is: the cross section of described technique ring becomes cylindrical structure, the outer circumference surface at described technique ring top is provided with step, and is arranged at intervals with multiple first hole for hoist at the end face of technique ring.
The structure of described compression conical ring is: the cross section of described compression conical ring becomes turbination structure, is positioned at the end face compressing conical ring and is arranged at intervals with multiple second hole for hoist.
Described technique ring and compression conical ring adopt common alloy steel.
For a processing technology for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, comprise following operating procedure:
The first step: by claw fixed installation on the table;
Second step: workpiece is loaded claw inside clamping, upward, claw clamps large end face to the small end of workpiece;
3rd step: the small end face of turner part take small end face as benchmark, the step on turner part small end face;
4th step: unclamp claw, workpiece is unloaded;
5th step: technique ring is loaded claw inside clamping, in the upper cooperation of technique ring, workpiece is installed, step and the technique ring of workpiece are connected, now the small end of workpiece down, then load at the inwall of workpiece and compress conical ring, the inner vertical direction compressing conical ring fills many screw rods, and installs a block length pressing plate at the end face compressing conical ring, is locked by screw rod by nut at the top of long pressing plate; The large end face of processing work and outer conical surface;
6th step: above-mentioned machine after, dismounting compresses conical ring and technique ring, the small end of workpiece is snapped in claw, then at the two ends, top of the large end of workpiece, short pressing plate is installed respectively, be positioned on claw and many screw rods are installed, think to be positioned on workbench and install many support bars, the top of described screw rod and support bar all abuts with short pressing plate, is locked by nut piece screw rod at the top of short pressing plate; The endoporus of processing work.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
Compact conformation of the present invention, rationally, easy to operate, can be completed the processing of aluminium alloy cone easily by this equipment and technics, be applicable to batch production, convenient mounting and clamping, avoids the distortion that clamping force is brought, ensure that machining accuracy; Add contact area, decrease the vibration of thin-wall workpiece, ensure roughness requirements, all surface one-shot forming, avoids machined trace and repeated clamping.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of aluminium alloy cone blank of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation (processing small end face and step) of workbench of the present invention and claw.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of present invention process ring.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the present invention compresses conical ring.
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of the present invention when processing aluminium alloy cone large end face and outer conical surface.
Fig. 6 is the scheme of installation of the present invention when processing aluminium alloy cone endoporus.
Wherein: 1, workpiece; 2, claw; 3, workbench; 4, the first hole for hoist; 5, technique ring; 6, the second hole for hoist; 7, conical ring is compressed; 8, long pressing plate; 9, nut; 10, screw rod; 11, support bar; 12, short pressing plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, comprise workbench 3, workbench 3 is provided with claw 2, claw 2 is provided with the technique ring 5 be mated, on technique ring 5, cover has workpiece 1, and workpiece 1 inside compresses by compressing conical ring 7.
The structure of technique ring 5 is: the cross section of technique ring 5 becomes cylindrical structure, the outer circumference surface at technique ring 5 top is provided with step, and is arranged at intervals with multiple first hole for hoist 4 at the end face of technique ring 5.
The structure compressing conical ring 7 is: the cross section compressing conical ring 7 becomes turbination structure, is positioned at the end face compressing conical ring 7 and is arranged at intervals with multiple second hole for hoist 6.
Technique ring 5 and compression conical ring 7 adopt common alloy steel.As 35CrMo, 42CrMo etc.
The processing technology for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone of the present embodiment, comprises following operating procedure:
The first step: claw 2 is fixedly mounted on workbench 3;
Second step: workpiece 1 is loaded claw 2 inside clamping, upward, claw 2 clamps large end face to the small end of workpiece 1;
3rd step: turner part 1 small end face take small end face as benchmark, the step on turner part 1 small end face; Note now needing to determine Lathe quantity according to blank allowance;
4th step: unclamp claw 2, unloads workpiece 1;
5th step: technique ring 5 is loaded claw 2 inside clamping, smoothing, school circle, clamping, install workpiece 1 in the upper cooperation of technique ring 5, step and the technique ring 5 of workpiece 1 are connected, and now the small end of workpiece 1 down, then load at the inwall of workpiece 1 and compress conical ring 7, the inner vertical direction compressing conical ring 7 fills many screw rods 10, and installs a block length pressing plate 8 at the end face compressing conical ring 7, is locked by screw rod 10 by nut 9 at the top of long pressing plate 8; Thus produce a downward thrust workpiece is fixed.Now processing large end end face is to height overall 1020 ± 0.2 and outer conical surface.
6th step: above-mentioned machine after, dismounting compresses conical ring 7 and technique ring 5, and the small end of workpiece 1 is snapped in claw 2, and now claw 2 contacts with workpiece 1, does not provide clamping force.Then at the two ends, top of the large end of workpiece 1, short pressing plate 12 is installed respectively, be positioned on claw 2 and many screw rods 10 are installed, think to be positioned on workbench 3 and many support bars 11 are installed, the top of screw rod 10 and support bar 11 all abuts with short pressing plate 12, is locked by nut 9 screw rods 10 at the top of short pressing plate 12; The endoporus of processing work 1.Workpiece 1 is processed and is namely terminated.
Easy to make, make precision high.
More than describing is explanation of the invention, and be not the restriction to invention, limited range of the present invention, see claim, within protection scope of the present invention, can do any type of amendment.

Claims (5)

1. one kind for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, it is characterized in that: comprise workbench (3), described workbench (3) is provided with claw (2), described claw (2) is provided with the technique ring (5) be mated, the upper cover of described technique ring (5) has workpiece (1), and described workpiece (1) inside compresses by compressing conical ring (7).
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, it is characterized in that: the structure of described technique ring (5) is: the cross section of described technique ring (5) becomes cylindrical structure, the outer circumference surface at described technique ring (5) top is provided with step, and is arranged at intervals with multiple first hole for hoist (4) at the end face of technique ring (5).
3. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, it is characterized in that: the structure of described compression conical ring (7) is: the cross section of described compression conical ring (7) becomes turbination structure, be positioned at the end face compressing conical ring (7) and be arranged at intervals with multiple second hole for hoist (6).
4. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone, it is characterized in that: described technique ring (5) and compression conical ring (7) adopt common alloy steel.
5. utilize the processing technology for the accurately machined technological equipment of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise following operating procedure:
The first step: claw (2) is fixedly mounted on workbench (3);
Second step: workpiece (1) is loaded claw (2) inside clamping, upward, claw (2) clamps large end face to the small end of workpiece (1);
3rd step: the small end face of turner part (1) take small end face as benchmark, the step on turner part (1) small end face;
4th step: unclamp claw (2), unloads workpiece (1);
5th step: technique ring (5) is loaded claw (2) inside clamping, in the upper cooperation of technique ring (5), workpiece (1) is installed, step and the technique ring (5) of workpiece (1) are connected, now the small end of workpiece (1) down, then load at the inwall of workpiece (1) and compress conical ring (7), the inner vertical direction compressing conical ring (7) fills many screw rods (10), and at the end face compressing conical ring (7), one block length pressing plate (8) is installed, screw rod (10) is locked by nut (9) at the top of long pressing plate (8); The large end face of processing work (1) and outer conical surface;
6th step: above-mentioned machine after, dismounting compresses conical ring (7) and technique ring (5), the small end of workpiece (1) is snapped in claw (2), then at the two ends, top of the large end of workpiece (1), short pressing plate (12) is installed respectively, be positioned on claw (2) and many screw rods (10) are installed, think and be positioned at the upper installation of workbench (3) many support bars (11), the top of described screw rod (10) and support bar (11) all abuts with short pressing plate (12), at the top of short pressing plate (12) by nut (9) part screw rod (10) locking; The endoporus of processing work (1).
CN201610108419.8A 2016-02-29 2016-02-29 A kind of processing technology for the finishing of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone CN105563183B (en)

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CN201610108419.8A CN105563183B (en) 2016-02-29 2016-02-29 A kind of processing technology for the finishing of thin-wall aluminum alloy cone

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424757A (en) * 2016-11-19 2017-02-22 张红伟 Manufacturing technology used for thin-wall aluminum alloy
CN108214011A (en) * 2016-12-15 2018-06-29 中国航空工业集团公司济南特种结构研究所 A kind of positioning machining tool suitable for thin-wall radome
CN108480923A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-04 西安北方光电科技防务有限公司 A kind of precision machined method of large thin-wall revolving parts
CN108890225A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-27 航天材料及工艺研究所 A kind of low deformation processing method of thin-walled large area abnormal shape composite material casing
CN109128904A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-04 杭州富阳富宝仪表机床厂 A kind of Thin-Wall Outer Casing class machine parts'precise hole machined equipment
CN109732283A (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-05-10 山东豪迈机械制造有限公司 A kind of processing method of large thin-wall workpiece

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JPS629842A (en) * 1985-07-08 1987-01-17 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Method of working cylinder made of fiber reinforced plastics and having thin wall thickness
CN201573052U (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-09-08 宁夏三一西北骏马电机制造股份有限公司 Thin-arm gear machining tyre
CN103056392A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-04-24 南京梅山冶金发展有限公司 Clamping and machining method for large thin-wall taper sleeves
CN202922287U (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-05-08 中国北车集团大连机车车辆有限公司 Anti-deformation tooling for processing special-shaped thin-walled sleeve
CN203649409U (en) * 2013-12-14 2014-06-18 山西江淮重工有限责任公司 Large thin-wall conical barrel machining tool
CN104440154A (en) * 2014-11-09 2015-03-25 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Clamp and method for machining high-precision and high-temperature alloy thin-wall curved surface part
CN104708473A (en) * 2013-12-15 2015-06-17 无锡市马鞍铸钢厂 Method for using thin-walled pipe workpiece positioning clamp
CN204584752U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-26 河北师范大学 A kind of special fixture of lathe process thin-wall workpiece
CN204843658U (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-12-09 株洲齿轮有限责任公司 Be used for accurately machined anchor clamps subassembly of thin wall hooped column shape part

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JPS629842A (en) * 1985-07-08 1987-01-17 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Method of working cylinder made of fiber reinforced plastics and having thin wall thickness
CN201573052U (en) * 2009-12-03 2010-09-08 宁夏三一西北骏马电机制造股份有限公司 Thin-arm gear machining tyre
CN103056392A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-04-24 南京梅山冶金发展有限公司 Clamping and machining method for large thin-wall taper sleeves
CN202922287U (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-05-08 中国北车集团大连机车车辆有限公司 Anti-deformation tooling for processing special-shaped thin-walled sleeve
CN203649409U (en) * 2013-12-14 2014-06-18 山西江淮重工有限责任公司 Large thin-wall conical barrel machining tool
CN104708473A (en) * 2013-12-15 2015-06-17 无锡市马鞍铸钢厂 Method for using thin-walled pipe workpiece positioning clamp
CN104440154A (en) * 2014-11-09 2015-03-25 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 Clamp and method for machining high-precision and high-temperature alloy thin-wall curved surface part
CN204584752U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-26 河北师范大学 A kind of special fixture of lathe process thin-wall workpiece
CN204843658U (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-12-09 株洲齿轮有限责任公司 Be used for accurately machined anchor clamps subassembly of thin wall hooped column shape part

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106424757A (en) * 2016-11-19 2017-02-22 张红伟 Manufacturing technology used for thin-wall aluminum alloy
CN108214011A (en) * 2016-12-15 2018-06-29 中国航空工业集团公司济南特种结构研究所 A kind of positioning machining tool suitable for thin-wall radome
CN108480923A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-04 西安北方光电科技防务有限公司 A kind of precision machined method of large thin-wall revolving parts
CN108480923B (en) * 2018-03-14 2020-01-10 西安北方光电科技防务有限公司 Method for precisely machining large thin-wall revolving body part
CN108890225A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-27 航天材料及工艺研究所 A kind of low deformation processing method of thin-walled large area abnormal shape composite material casing
CN109128904A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-04 杭州富阳富宝仪表机床厂 A kind of Thin-Wall Outer Casing class machine parts'precise hole machined equipment
CN109732283A (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-05-10 山东豪迈机械制造有限公司 A kind of processing method of large thin-wall workpiece

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