CN105563095B - A kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment - Google Patents

A kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105563095B
CN105563095B CN201610020009.8A CN201610020009A CN105563095B CN 105563095 B CN105563095 B CN 105563095B CN 201610020009 A CN201610020009 A CN 201610020009A CN 105563095 B CN105563095 B CN 105563095B
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China
Prior art keywords
suction nozzle
lock
screw
nozzle
rotating disc
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CN201610020009.8A
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CN105563095A (en
Inventor
刘智望
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刘智望
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Priority to CN201610020009.8A priority Critical patent/CN105563095B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/004Feeding the articles from hoppers to machines or dispensers
    • B23P19/005Feeding the articles from hoppers to machines or dispensers by using flowing gases
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment comprising:Engine base and lock pay device, it further includes the feed device for screw to be delivered to lock pair device being set on the engine base, feed rotary table, at least one nozzle unit being set in the feed rotary table for drawing screw and the negative pressure device for connecting and being provided for the nozzle unit negative pressure with the nozzle unit by tracheae that the feed device includes the driving device being used to provide power, is connected with the driving device and rotated under driving device drive.The present invention is equipped at least one nozzle unit by feed rotary table, and each suction nozzle can draw different screws, realizes and carries out while locking paying and paying the automatic lock of any screw to the screw of identical product different size.Meanwhile by the way of air suction type feeding and rotating disc type be fed mode, solve screw common question, can also improve speed.

Description

A kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to automatic locking machine tool technical field, more particularly to a kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment.
Background technology
In the case where industrializing overall background, all industries are all upgrading to the unmanned transition of automation.And automatic locking screw machine is A crucial part in automated production assembling, all trades and professions substantially all can the equipment in need that automate lock screw.Automatic lock Filature(Auto-Screwdriving Machine)Also known as send automatically filature, automatic locking screw machine, industrial tightening system, The screwed lock equipment etc. is the machine for replacing traditional-handwork to tighten screw.
There are two types of relatively common screw, to lock dispensing apparatus automatically be respectively that the automatic lock of air blowing type feed is paid and set on the market at present Standby and air suction type locks dispensing apparatus.Wherein, screw is connected tracheae by collating unit and directly provided by the automatic locking machine of air blowing type To the lower part of electric screwdriver and start lock pair;Since screw must be transmitted by tracheae, so being had to screw very stringent It is required that:One, the length of screw has to be larger than the outer diameter of nut(Not so screw can be caused, which to overturn in the duct, to be caused to be stuck in tracheae In)Even if the screw for being transported to electric screwdriver lower part also is difficult to ensureing that the direction of screw is correct.Two, some special screws:It is included The screw of gasket, it is easy to appear failures for the too small such as M3.0 screws below of screw:It cannot even use, limit to significantly The use scope and efficiency of equipment.The automatic locking machine of air suction type is to connect tracheae by specific suction nozzle, is drawn by negative pressure Screw;Screw is arranged by collating unit, and manipulator is moved through draws screw by the suction nozzle mounted in manipulator top, so After be moved to by lock product top start lock pay.It can only take a screw every time, and lock needs back and forth round-trip anti-after the completion of paying Screw is taken again.The serious decline of speed is caused, if lock pair product is excessive, carrys out the distance of fallback with regard to farther;Production capacity is just more It is low.
Thus the prior art has much room for improvement and improves.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention provide a kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock and set in view of the deficiencies of the prior art It is standby, with solve to need back and forth after the completion of existing air suction type the screwed lock equipment lock is paid it is round-trip take screw repeatedly, it is slow that lock pays speed The problem of.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the technology used in the present invention method is:
A kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment comprising:Engine base and the lock being set on engine base for locked screw are paid Device further includes the feed device for screw to be delivered to lock pair device being set on the engine base, the feeding dress Set including be used to provide power driving device, be connected with the driving device and rotate under driving device drive Feed rotary table, it is at least one be set in the feed rotary table for draw screw nozzle unit and by tracheae with it is described Nozzle unit connects and provides the negative pressure device of negative pressure for the nozzle unit.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the feed rotary table includes feed rotary table ontology, the ontology surrounding It is provided at least one mounting plate for installing nozzle unit, the mounting plate is equipped with the limit for limiting nozzle unit Column;The body central is provided with connecting shaft and shaft coupling for being connected with driving device.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the nozzle unit includes component suction nozzle and the drive suction nozzle The feeding cylinder of component movement, the component suction nozzle include:Suction nozzle firm banking is disposed opposite to each other on the suction nozzle firm banking and sets It is useful for drawing the suction nozzle and buffer unit of screw;The buffer unit includes:The guide rod being set on suction nozzle firm banking, Linear bearing, suction nozzle buffer return spring and the suction nozzle pressure for being useful for being installed on mounting plate are set gradually on the guide rod Piece, wherein spring is in and does not deform upon state.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the suction nozzle includes:Suction nozzle main body, described suction nozzle main body one end can The nozzle head of dismounting being provided with for drawing screw, the other end are provided with the suction nozzle cap for sealed negative-pressure;The suction nozzle Cap is equipped with the gas-tpe fitting for accessing negative pressure;The suction nozzle main body is provided with pays the through-hole and use that device passes through for locking In gas by circular air hole, the internal diameter of the circular air hole is more than the outer diameter of through-hole, and the internal diameter of the through-hole is equal to suction nozzle The internal diameter in the hole at the top of cap;The gas-tpe fitting is connected with the circular air hole of the suction nozzle main body.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the driving device includes:The motor and use being used to provide power In the motor fixed plate of fixing motor.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the negative pressure device includes:It is described negative for the negative pressure pump of negative pressure Press pump is equipped with the revolution gas connector for being provided at least one gas connector for being connected with suction nozzle.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the lock pays device and includes:Lock for being connected with engine base pays master Axis fixed block, the lock pay main shaft fixed block equipped with main shaft is paid with lock, and the lock pair main shaft is equipped with for locked screw Electric screwdriver and suction nozzle limited block for depressing suction nozzle.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein it further includes buffer stopper that the lock, which pays device, and the buffer stopper is set to Lock pay between main shaft and the electric screwdriver, the buffer stopper include buffering plate and buffering upper cover, the buffering plate and buffering on It covers in the hollow cavity constituted and is provided with the first intersection spherical guide and the second intersection spherical guide, described first intersects spherical guide Intersect with second and is provided with the second buffer spring between spherical guide.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, wherein the suction nozzle limited block includes:It is made of two support plates and guide plate " Fang " shape suction nozzle limiting plate is provided with the linear guide on the guide plate, and being provided in the linear guide can be along straight line The linear slider of guide rail sliding, the linear slider is equipped with suction nozzle limiting buffer block and suction nozzle limits lower lock block;Described two Spring conductor rod is provided between support plate, the spring conductor rod is equipped with the first buffer spring, and the spring conductor rod passes through Limiting buffer block.
The rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment further includes:It is at least one for provide screw loader and be used for It places by the mounting table of lock product, the loader and mounting table are set on engine base, and the feed device is by loader The screw of offer is delivered to mounting table, and the lock pays device and locks the screw by lock product.
Advantageous effect, the present invention provide a kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment comprising:Engine base and lock pay device, also Including the feed device for screw to be delivered to lock pair device being set on the engine base, the feed device includes being used for The driving device of power is provided, is connected with the driving device and is rotated in the case where the driving device drives feed rotary table, It is at least one to be set in the feed rotary table for drawing the nozzle unit of screw and by tracheae and the nozzle unit Connect and provided for the nozzle unit negative pressure device of negative pressure.The present invention is filled by feed rotary table equipped at least one suction nozzle Set, each suction nozzle can draw different screws, realize to the screw of identical product different size carry out lock pair simultaneously and The automatic lock of any screw is paid.Meanwhile by the way of air suction type feeding and rotating disc type is fed mode, it is logical to solve screw With problem, speed can be also improved.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 provides the structural schematic diagram of rotating disc type screw lock device preferred embodiment for the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the explosive view of feed rotary table provided by the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of component suction nozzle provided by the invention.
Fig. 4 is the explosive view of suction nozzle provided by the invention.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of suction nozzle provided by the invention.
Fig. 6 is the explosive view of driving device provided by the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of negative pressure device provided by the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that lock provided by the invention pays device.
Fig. 9 is the explosive view that lock provided by the invention pays main shaft fixed block.
Figure 10 is the provided by the invention first explosive view for adjusting slide unit.
Figure 11 is the explosive view that lock provided by the invention pays main shaft.
Figure 12 is the explosive view of suction nozzle limited block provided by the invention.
Figure 13 is the explosive view of buffer stopper provided by the invention.
Specific implementation mode
To keep the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with The present invention is described in further detail for attached drawing.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain this Invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
It please refers to such as Fig. 1, Fig. 1 and the structural schematic diagram of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment preferred embodiment is provided for the present invention. The screwed lock equipment includes:There is the engine base 1 that pedestal 11 and top plate 12 are constituted, the pedestal 11 is equipped with to be locked for placing The mounting table 5 of product and at least one loader 4 for providing screw;The top plate 12 is equipped with for lock screw Lock pays device 2 and the screw for providing the loader 4 is delivered to the feed device 3 of mounting table 5, the feed device 3 include driving device 31, feed rotary table 32, nozzle unit 33 and the negative pressure device 34 being used to provide power, the driving device 31 are rotatablely connected with the feed rotary table 32, and the feed rotary table 32 being rotated by driving device 31;It is described to send At least one nozzle unit 33 for drawing the screw on loader 4 is provided on material turntable 32, the nozzle unit 33 is logical It crosses tracheae and is connected with the negative pressure device 34 for generating negative pressure for nozzle unit 33 being set on top plate 12.The present invention passes through Feed rotary table 32 is equipped at least one nozzle unit, and each suction nozzle can draw different screws, realize to identical product The screw of different size carries out while lock is paid and pays the automatic lock of any screw.Meanwhile by the way of air suction type feeding And rotating disc type is fed mode, solves screw common question, can also improve speed.
Specifically, referring to Fig.1 and 2, the feed rotary table 32 includes feed rotary table ontology 321, the feed rotary table Ontology 321 is provided centrally with connecting shaft 322 and the shaft coupling being connected with the connecting shaft 323, and the feed rotary table is fixed on In driving device, the feed rotary table is linked by connecting shaft and shaft coupling with negative pressure device, when driving device drives feeding to turn When disk rotates, feed rotary table drives negative pressure device rotation, can be to avoid the connection negative pressure dress generated in feed device rotation process It sets and is intertwined with the tracheae of nozzle unit, and influence the use of the equipment.In practical applications, during the connecting shaft is Hollow structure, the tracheae for connecting nozzle unit and negative pressure device pass through the hollow cavity of the connecting shaft, can keep away in this way Exempt from the confusion of tracheae.
Further, 321 surrounding of feed rotary table ontology is provided at least one installation for installing nozzle unit 33 Plate 324, the mounting plate 324 are equipped with the linear bearing installation through-hole 325 for installing linear bearing and are limited for being arranged The limit hole of position column, the limited post 326 for limiting 33 move distance of nozzle unit, the limit are provided in the limit hole Column 326 can be, but not limited to use tee T structure, the limited post 326 that can slide relative to the limit hole, the limit The outer diameter of position top end is more than the internal diameter of the limit hole, and the limited post 326 is connected with the nozzle unit 33.In this reality It applies in example, the feed rotary table 32 is circular configuration, is provided with 8 mounting plates 324, and any one mounting plate 324 Distance level scale be symmetrical arranged, the move distance of a defective material and the determination of run duration can be often sent in order to feed rotary table in this way, Improve the accuracy of feeding.In other embodiments, the mounting plate of other numbers can be set in the feed rotary table, it can be with It is arranged according to the service condition of the rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment.
Specifically, Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, the nozzle unit 33 includes:Described in component suction nozzle and at least one drive The feeding cylinder 331 of component suction nozzle movement;The feeding cylinder 311 is set on the top plate 12 of the engine base 1, the feeding gas The telescopic rod of cylinder 331 is vertically moving.Feeding cylinder pressure head can be provided on the telescopic rod of the feeding cylinder 331, The pressure head is for pushing component suction nozzle when telescopic rod moves downward so that component suction nozzle drives lower edge vertical in feeding cylinder Direction moves.In the present embodiment, the feeding cylinder pressure head uses plastic cement material, makes an uproar caused by can mitigating pushing in this way Sound;The friction between feeding cylinder pressure head and component suction nozzle can also be reduced simultaneously, improve the service life of equipment.
Further, the feeding cylinder pressure head can be detachably arranged on the telescopic rod of feeding cylinder, in this way when taking When expecting the abrasion of cylinder pressure head, the feeding cylinder pressure head can be directly replaced, cost is reduced.
Further, first adjusted for X-direction can be arranged between the feeding cylinder 331 and top plate 12 to adjust admittedly Determine block and for the second adjusting fixed block that Y direction is adjusted, feeding cylinder can be adjusted according to the position of suction nozzle in this way Position, while also with good grounds loader provides the length of screw to adjust the stroke of feeding cylinder, realizes to different model spiral shell The feeding of silk.
Specifically, please referring to component suction nozzle described in Fig. 3 includes:Suction nozzle firm banking 3321, the suction nozzle firm banking The suction nozzle 3322 for being useful for drawing screw is disposed opposite to each other on 3321 and for driving suction nozzle 3322 perpendicular relative to feed rotary table 32 The buffer unit 3323 directly moved.That is, the suction nozzle 3322 is set to suction nozzle firm banking 3321 relative to pedestal 11 Side, the other side of the suction nozzle firm banking 3321 is provided with buffer unit 3323.The buffer unit 3323 includes:If The guide rod 301 being placed on suction nozzle firm banking 3321, set gradually on the guide rod 301 be useful for being installed on it is straight on mounting plate Spool holds 302, suction nozzle buffer return spring 303 and suction nozzle tabletting 304.The linear bearing is installed on the linear axis of mounting plate It holds in mounting hole, the buffering return spring position and suction nozzle tabletting are located at the top of mounting plate, and the suction nozzle firm banking is located at The lower section of mounting plate so that component suction nozzle can be transported relative to mounting plate along feeding Telescopic-cylinder bar under the drive of feeding cylinder Dynamic direction movement.In practical applications, the guide rod 301 is the linear bearing guide rod being used cooperatively with the linear bearing, when When linear bearing is fixed, linear bearing guide rod can slide under the action of feeding cylinder relative to linear bearing.The straight line Bearing and linear bearing guide rod play the role of positioning and movement.The suction nozzle tabletting 304 is used for and feeding cylinder pressure head phase Contact.When the suction nozzle tabletting 304 is not under pressure, the suction nozzle between the linear bearing 302 and suction nozzle tabletting 304 is slow Rush return spring 303 be in do not deform upon state.The suction nozzle firm banking 3321 is equipped with for by the component suction nozzle 332 are fixed on the fixed link 305 in feed rotary table 32, and the suction nozzle firm banking 3321 can be relative to the fixed link 305 Sliding.When the feeding cylinder pressure head of feeding cylinder 331 pushes suction nozzle tabletting, the suction nozzle tabletting 304 is driven by guide rod 301 Suction nozzle firm banking 3321 is moved downward along linear bearing 302, when suction nozzle tabletting 304 moves to limited post 326, feeding cylinder 331 stop motions.After feeding cylinder 331 is withdrawn, due to the suction nozzle being set between linear bearing 302 and suction nozzle tabletting 304 It buffers return spring 303 and restores deformation generation elastic force, the elastic force drives suction nozzle firm banking 3321 to move upwards, returns to feeding Position before the pushing of cylinder 331.To realize the back and forth movement of suction nozzle.
Specifically, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 are please referred to, the suction nozzle 3322 includes:Suction nozzle main body 306, nozzle head 307, suction nozzle cap 308 and gas-tpe fitting 309,306 one end of the suction nozzle main body be removably provided with the nozzle head 307 for drawing screw, separately One end is provided with the suction nozzle cap 308 for sealed negative-pressure;308 top of the suction nozzle cap is equipped with pays what device passed through for locking Hole 310, suction nozzle cap 308 are equipped with the gas-tpe fitting 309 for accessing negative pressure;The suction nozzle main body 306 is provided with for locking Pay the first through hole 311 that passes through of device and for gas by circular air hole 312, the internal diameter of the circular air hole 312 is more than The outer diameter of first through hole 311, the internal diameter of the first through hole 311 are equal to the internal diameter in the hole 310 at the top of suction nozzle cap;The tracheae Connector 309 is connected with the circular air hole 312 of the suction nozzle main body 306.Lock is not only realized in this way and pays passing through for device, but also is realized The sealing of negative pressure.
Specifically, Fig. 6 is please referred to, the driving device 31 includes:The motor 3101 that is used to provide power and for solid Determine the motor fixed plate 3102 of motor.The motor 3101 is fixed on by motor fixed plate on top plate 12.In the present embodiment, The motor 3101 uses DD motors, accurate fixed so as to be provided for turntable since DD motors have very high accuracy Position and power.The DD motors carry out decile according to the nozzle unit being arranged in feed rotary table and walk.Often walk one walk when Between can be at 80 milliseconds hereinafter, and can be very steady after stopping.In other embodiments, the driving device also may be used Can provide the device of power using other, such as driving device is made of fixed plate, dispenser and gear.
Specifically, Fig. 7 is please referred to, the negative pressure device 34 includes the negative pressure pump 3401 for generating negative pressure, the negative pressure Pump 3401 is equipped with the revolution gas connector 3402 for being connected with suction nozzle.In the present embodiment, the negative pressure pump 3401 passes through Holder is constituted by revolution gas connector fixed supported slab 3403 and swivel joint fixed plate 3404 to be set on top plate 12, the revolution gas At least one gas connector is provided on connector 3402, the revolution gas connector 3402 can be rotated relative to negative pressure pump, described time Turn gas connector 3402 to rotate synchronously with feed rotary table.The gas connector being arranged on the present embodiment, the revolution gas connector 3402 Number is identical as the number of the nozzle unit, is 8.That is, nozzle unit and be set to revolution gas connector on Gas connector is one-to-one.
Specifically, Fig. 8 is please referred to, the lock pays device and includes:Lock pays main shaft fixed block 21, lock pays main shaft 22, suction nozzle limit Position block 23 and electric screwdriver 24, the lock are paid main shaft fixed block 21 and are set on top plate 12, and the lock pair main shaft 22 is set to described Lock is paid on main shaft fixed block 21, and the lock is paid main shaft 22 and is equipped with for the electric screwdriver 24 of locked screw and for depressing suction nozzle Suction nozzle limited block 23.
As shown in Figures 9 and 10, the lock pair main shaft fixed block includes:Lock pays main shaft fixed plate 201, lock pays main shaft and fixes bottom Seat 202, first adjusts slide unit 203 and second to adjust slide unit 204;The lock pays main shaft firm banking 202 and is fixed on the top plate 12 On, the lock pays main shaft firm banking 202 and adjusts slide unit 203 equipped with first, and described first, which adjusts slide unit 203 to be equipped with second, adjusts cunning Platform 204, it is described second tune slide unit 204 on be provided with lock pay a main shaft fixed plate 201.It is described first tune slide unit 203 include:Adjust slide unit Top shoe 205, linear slider 206, the linear guide 207, adjust slid platform base 208, adjust slide unit knob 209, adjust slide unit screw rod 210 with And adjust slide unit fixed block 211;It is provided with the linear guide 207 in the tune slid platform base 208, the linear guide 207 is equipped with It can be fixedly installed in the linear slider 206 of the linear guide sliding, the linear slider 206 and adjust slide unit top shoe 205;It is described Adjust slid platform base 208 one end to be provided with and adjust slide unit fixed block 211, the tunes slide unit fixed block 211 and tune slide unit top shoe 205 it Between be provided with the tune slide unit screw rod 210 for adjusting slide unit knob 209, pass through rotation slide unit knob 209 adjusted to drive and adjust slide unit screw rod 210 rotations, drive and slide unit top shoe 205 and linear slider connected to it 206 are adjusted to be slided along the linear guide 207, realize to adjust and slide The adjusting of 206 position of platform top shoe.Described second adjusts slide unit 204 to adjust the mechanism of slide unit 203 identical with first, and described first adjusts cunning The top shoe of platform 203 moves in the X-axis direction, and the top shoe of the second tune slide unit 204 is moved along Y direction, to realize The installation and debugging of equipment are convenient in miniature adjusting of the main shaft on the directions XY.And pass through the first regulating sliding piece and the second regulating sliding piece The adjusting for paying lock main spindle's ensure that setting and the suction nozzle mesoporous on batch nozzle and feed rotary table of the electric screwdriver on clavicle main shaft Vertically, and ensure batch nozzle in the middle position of suction nozzle.
As shown in figure 11, it includes that lock pays main shaft pedestal 2201, cover board 2202, servo motor fixed plate that the lock, which pays main shaft 22, 2203, servo motor 2204, lead screw 2205 and the shaft coupling 2206 for connecting lead screw 2205 with servo motor 2204, servo motor 2204 are fixed on 2203 one end of servo motor fixed plate, and 2203 other end of servo motor fixed plate is fixed with lock and pays main shaft bottom Seat 2201 and cover board 2202, the lock pays main shaft pedestal 2201 and cover board 2202 is equipped with far from 2203 one end of servo motor fixed plate Back shroud 2214;The lock is paid and is provided with preceding lead screw positioning seat 2207 and rear lead screw positioning seat 2208, institute on main shaft pedestal 2201 Lead screw positioning seat 2207 is socketed on the head of lead screw 2205 before stating, and rear lead screw positioning seat 2208 is socketed on the tail portion of lead screw 2205; The preceding lead screw positioning seat and rear lead screw positioning seat are used to fix the position of lead screw, prevent lead screw from deviating.The preceding lead screw positioning It is socketed with lead screw bearing 2209 on lead screw 2205 between seat 2207 and rear lead screw positioning seat 2208;Have on the lead screw 2207 Screw thread, feed screw nut 2209 have the through-hole with above-mentioned screw-thread fit, are upwardly or downwardly moved so as to the rotation with lead screw It is dynamic.The fixed block being made of sliding panel 2210 and feed screw nut's fixed seat 2211, the fixation are provided on the cover board 2202 Block can be slided relative to cover board 2202.It is logical that feed screw nut's fixed seat 2211 is equipped with the fixation coordinated with feed screw nut 2209 Hole;Feed screw nut's fixed seat 2211 is coordinated by its fixed hole and feed screw nut 2209, is fixed on feed screw nut 2209.Institute It states lock and pays and be fixed with first sliding rail 2212 parallel with lead screw on main shaft pedestal 2201, be equipped with can for set on the first sliding rail 2212 Along the first sliding block 2213 of the first sliding rail sliding, feed screw nut's fixed seat 2211 is fixedly connected with the first sliding block 2213, the electricity 24 are criticized to be arranged on sliding panel 2210.In the present embodiment, servo motor is selected to do the power section that lock pays main shaft, due to servo electricity The turnning circle of machine can control, and precision is high, so the preferred servo motor of the present embodiment, can also select other controllable certainly Motor or equipment.Concrete implementation mode is:Servo motor is by PLC(Programmable Logic Controller, can compile Journey logic controller)Controlling work drives lead screw rotation, lead screw rotation that the screw axis being socketed on lead screw is driven to forward dynamic, lead screw Bearing drives fixed block to be slided on the first sliding rail again, and the rotation direction of servo motor changes, then lock can be made to pay main shaft fixed block The turnning circle of counter motion, servo motor is controlled by PLC, and the number of turns that PLC sets servo motor rotation sets fixed block cunning Dynamic height, fixed block are moved with electric screwdriver, and servo motor stops operating, then fixed block stops sliding, electric screwdriver stop motion.
As shown in figure 12, the suction nozzle limited block 23 includes:" Contraband " word being made of two support plates 2301 and guide plate 2302 Shape suction nozzle limiting plate 231 is provided with the linear guide 232 on the guide plate 2302, and being provided in the linear guide 232 can Along the linear slider 233 of the linear guide sliding, the linear slider 233 is equipped with suction nozzle limiting buffer block 234 and suction nozzle limits Position lower lock block 235;Spring conductor rod 236 is provided between two support plate 2301, the spring conductor rod 236 is equipped with first Buffer spring 237, the spring conductor rod 236 pass through suction nozzle limiting buffer block 234.It is produced by lock so that suction nozzle is not directly contacted with Product;Reduce that nozzle head is encountered by lock product and caused by scratch.
Further, it further includes buffer stopper 25 that the lock, which pays a device 2, the buffer stopper 25 be set to lock pay main shaft 22 with it is described Between electric screwdriver 24, electric screwdriver can not check torsion caused by tooth is slided in equipment fault or screw, and main shaft is also moving downward Electric screwdriver is set to bump against by lock product, buffer unit can reduce the injury to product, realize the protection to product.
Specifically, as shown in figure 13, the buffer stopper 25 includes buffering plate 251 and buffering upper cover 252, the buffering bottom It is provided with the first intersection spherical guide 253 and second in the hollow cavity that seat 251 and buffering upper cover 252 are constituted and intersects spherical guide 254, the first intersection spherical guide 253 intersects with second is provided with the second buffer spring 255 between spherical guide 254.
Specifically, the existing loader in this field, such as machine for arranging screws vibrating disk may be used in the loader, here It does not elaborate for the concrete structure of loader.The number of the loader can be according to by true the case where lock product It is fixed.It is preferably two in the present embodiment.Corresponding one by lock product there are two types of or two or more different screws need it is same When Shi Suofu, corresponding different screw can be put on the screw loader of equipment.It can also be by increasing screw feed The quantity of device is realized.
Further, loader firm banking can be arranged in the loader between the engine base, and the loader is fixed Pedestal includes the screw feed fixed plate for being set on engine base, and plate and screw are fed upper plate, the screw during screw is fed It is fed in bottom plate and screw feed and is equipped with the first adjusting block adjusted for X-direction among plate, in the screw feed It is provided with the second adjusting block adjusted for Y direction between plate and screw feed upper plate.First adjusting block and The structure of two adjusting blocks is identical, and only its placement direction is different.The screw feed fixed seat realizes loader on the directions XY Miniature adjusting, be convenient for equipment installation and debugging.First adjusting block includes the friendship for being set to the fixed bottom plate of screw feed Fork spherical guide is set to sliding shoe, front screw fixed block, rear screw rod fixed block, screw rod and the tune intersected on spherical guide Save knob;The screw rod is fixed on by bearing on front screw fixed block and rear screw rod fixed block, and front screw fixed block is with after Screw rod is fixed in sliding shoe and screw feed between plate, and the screw rod is equipped with adjusting knob, and logical knob positive and negative rotation makes Screw rod is screwed in the length on fixed block, drives sliding shoe to be fed fixed bottom plate movement relative to screw, realizes adjustment effect.
Specifically, the mounting table may include placing jig, first driving means and the second driving device, the placement Jig is arranged in first driving means, and the first driving means are arranged in the second driving device, the first driving means The placement jig is driven to move in the X-axis direction, second driving device drives the placement jig to be moved along Y direction. By the driving of first driving means and the second driving device, realize be positioned over place jig on by lock product can It is locked.
Structure identical with lock pair main shaft may be used in the first driving means and the second driving dress, passes through servo motor Sliding panel is driven to slide the movement realized and place jig along X-axis and Y direction along the first sliding rail.Here it does not just do specifically It is bright.
In practical applications, for easy to use, the rotating disc type the screwed lock of the rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment Equipment can with but be limited to include lower cabinet and upper hood, the engine base is set on lower cabinet, and the lower cabinet is contacted with ground Several wheels can also be arranged in end, and described can lock dispensing apparatus in this way can drive shifting by being set to the wheel of lower cabinet It is dynamic, the movement of the lock dispensing apparatus is facilitated, its flexibility is improved.The upper hood cover is set on engine base, so on the one hand can Enter in lock dispensing apparatus to avoid dust, another party can be equipped with control switch on upper hood, by controlling switch and phase The PLC control system answered automatically controls the screwed lock equipment.
For a further understanding of the rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment, here with feed rotary table for 8 station turnplates(Feeding turns 8 nozzle units are provided on disk)And for setting is there are two loader and two feeding cylinders, to the rotating disc type spiral shell The course of work of silk lock dispensing apparatus is done as described below.
The course of work of the rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment can be:The equipment can be realized by PLC and industrial personal computer Control work;After equipment energization, the reset key being set on hood can be pressed, equipment is resetted, make feed rotary table On each nozzle unit be at origin state;It will be placed on mounting table by lock product;And starting device.The feeding The right and left of turntable is respectively loader and places station by lock product;Feed rotary table is started to work in the driving of DD motors, When the No.1 station of turntable is gone to above the first loader:First feeding cylinder pushes the suction nozzle of No.1 station to the first loader On the screw sequenced;And it opens negative pressure device and carries out suction.The first feeding cylinder is withdrawn after the completion of suction, the suction of No.1 station Mouth carries out return according to the spring of itself, and sucts screw.Negative pressure device is in real time to the spiral shell on suction nozzle after sucting screw Silk is detected, and avoids the occurrence of the case where screw is dropped off when turntable rotates.If No.1 station goes to the first loader On, then No.1 feeding cylinder does not work for the first loader failure or no material, and feed rotary table can then be gone to above the second loader, Then pass through the second feeding cylinder feeding.Each station of feed rotary table can stop being taken when going to above the first loader Material.When the station for taking material is gone to by lock product rest area, electric screwdriver lock pays main shaft and starts to work.Electric screwdriver start rotation and to Under walk, batch nozzle pass through the mesoporous of suction nozzle to positive screw among.Suction nozzle limited block pushes what suction nozzle was limited to suction nozzle limited post simultaneously Highly.Due to limited post be limit firmly, so suction nozzle limited block after pushing suction nozzle in place the spring of itself into row buffering.And Electric screwdriver then continues downwards, and screwdriver bit carries out lock with screw and pays.Until the torsion of electric screwdriver setting reaches, then lock, which is paid, completes.Lock pays master Axis drives electric screwdriver return, suction nozzle limited block to leave suction nozzle, and suction nozzle is simultaneously closed off by the spring reset of itself on the station suction nozzle Negative pressure.It then can be while electric screwdriver return by lock product;Next screw hole position for needing lock to pay is moved to below electric screwdriver, is waited for After main shaft electric screwdriver return.The next station with screw of feed rotary table can be gone under electric screwdriver, and electric screwdriver can carry out secondary Work.And main shaft electric screwdriver is while lock is paid, the station of corresponding feed rotary table another side is then carrying out feeding simultaneously.So follow Ring can real fast lock pair.
The lock dispensing apparatus, which is averagely locked, pays the time of a screw as+8 station turnplate of main shaft electric screwdriver locked screw time turn Move the time of a station;Its at one second once, depending on the length and size of screw.
What the present embodiment illustrated the lock dispensing apparatus so that a set product places station and lock pays device as an example.Other In embodiment, product place station and lock pay device can be one or more, realize simultaneously to two or more products simultaneously Lock is carried out to pay.
Above example is only described the service condition of screw, but is equally applicable to the service condition of rivet.
It is also known that absorption type the screwed lock equipment is also used for paying the lock of other nails such as rivet, but will be somebody's turn to do in the industry Locking machine structure is known as screw locking mechanism, this does not represent it and is only used for the lock of screw pair.
Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than it is new to this practicality The limitation of type protection domain, although being explained in detail to the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment, the common skill of this field Art personnel, which should be appreciated that, to be modified or replaced equivalently the technical solution of the utility model, without departing from the present invention The spirit and scope of technical solution.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment comprising:Engine base and the lock for lock screw being set on engine base are paid Device, which is characterized in that it further includes the feed device for screw to be delivered to lock pair device being set on the engine base, The feed device includes the driving device being used to provide power, is connected with the driving device and in the driving device band It moves the lower feed rotary table rotated, at least one nozzle unit being set in the feed rotary table for drawing screw and passes through Tracheae connect with the nozzle unit and provides the negative pressure device of negative pressure for the nozzle unit;
The feed rotary table includes feed rotary table ontology, and the ontology surrounding is provided at least one for installing nozzle unit Mounting plate, the mounting plate are equipped with limited post;The body central is provided with the connecting shaft for being connected with driving device And shaft coupling;
The nozzle unit includes:Component suction nozzle and the feeding cylinder for driving the component suction nozzle movement, the component suction nozzle Including:Suction nozzle firm banking is disposed opposite to each other the suction nozzle and buffer unit for being useful for drawing screw on the suction nozzle firm banking; The buffer unit includes:The guide rod being set on suction nozzle firm banking sets gradually on the guide rod and is useful for being installed on Linear bearing, suction nozzle buffer return spring in loading board and suction nozzle tabletting, wherein spring is in and does not deform upon state;
The mounting plate is equipped with the limit hole for limited post to be arranged, and the limited post is slided relative to limit hole, the limit The outer diameter of position top end is more than the internal diameter of the limit hole, and the limited post is connected with the nozzle unit;
When the feeding cylinder pressure head of feeding cylinder pushes suction nozzle tabletting, the suction nozzle tabletting drives suction nozzle to fix bottom by guide rod Seat is moved downward along linear bearing, when suction nozzle tabletting moves to limited post, feeding cylinder stop motion;When feeding cylinder is withdrawn Afterwards, elastic force, the bullet are generated since the suction nozzle buffer return spring being set between linear bearing and suction nozzle tabletting restores deformation Power drives suction nozzle firm banking to move upwards, and returns to the position before feeding cylinder pushes.
2. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the suction nozzle includes:Suction nozzle main body, institute It states suction nozzle main body one end and is removably provided with nozzle head for drawing screw, the other end is provided with the suction for sealed negative-pressure Mouth cap;The suction nozzle cap is equipped with the gas-tpe fitting for accessing negative pressure;The suction nozzle main body is provided with pays dress for locking Set across through-hole and for gas by circular air hole, the internal diameter of the circular air hole is more than the outer diameter of through-hole, described logical The internal diameter in hole is equal to the internal diameter in the hole at the top of suction nozzle cap;The gas-tpe fitting is connected with the circular air hole of the suction nozzle main body It is logical.
3. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving device includes:For carrying Motor for power and the motor fixed plate for fixing motor.
4. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the negative pressure device includes:For bearing The negative pressure pump of pressure, the revolution gas for being provided at least one gas connector that the negative pressure pump is equipped with for being connected with suction nozzle connect Head.
5. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lock pays device and includes:For with The lock that engine base is connected pays main shaft fixed block, and the lock pays main shaft fixed block and pays main shaft equipped with lock, and the lock is paid and set on main shaft It is useful for the electric screwdriver of locked screw and the suction nozzle limited block for depressing suction nozzle.
6. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that it further includes buffering that the lock, which pays device, Block, the buffer stopper are set to lock and pay between main shaft and the electric screwdriver, and the buffer stopper includes buffering plate and buffering upper cover, institute It states buffering plate and buffers and be provided with the first intersection spherical guide and the second intersection spherical guide, institute in the hollow cavity that upper cover is constituted It states the first intersection spherical guide and intersects with second and be provided with the second buffer spring between spherical guide.
7. rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the suction nozzle limited block includes:By two The " Fang " shape suction nozzle limiting plate that support plate and guide plate are constituted is provided with the linear guide on the guide plate, and the straight line is led The linear slider that can be slided along the linear guide is provided on rail, the linear slider is equipped with suction nozzle limiting buffer block and suction nozzle Limit lower lock block;Spring conductor rod is provided between two support plate, the spring conductor rod is equipped with the first buffer spring, institute It states spring conductor rod and passes through limiting buffer block.
8. according to any rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment of claim 1-7, which is characterized in that it further includes:It is at least one Loader for providing screw and for placing by the mounting table of lock product, the loader and mounting table are set to machine On seat, and the screw that loader provides is delivered to mounting table by the feed device, and the lock pays device and locks the screw By lock product.
CN201610020009.8A 2016-01-13 2016-01-13 A kind of rotating disc type the screwed lock equipment Active CN105563095B (en)

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CN106514540A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-03-22 东莞东聚电子电讯制品有限公司 90-degree bending vacuum adsorption locking mechanism
CN106425440B (en) * 2016-11-23 2019-01-22 合肥智博生物科技有限公司 It is a kind of with the Full automatic rotating disc type screw locking machine for moving back screw function
CN106312536B (en) * 2016-11-23 2019-01-04 安徽继远软件有限公司 A kind of Full automatic rotating disc type screw locking machine with riveting screw function
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CN106862914B (en) * 2017-03-27 2018-12-21 东阳市天杨建筑工程设计有限公司 Rotating disc type is two-sided to tear screw device and its processing technology open
WO2019084907A1 (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-05-09 深圳豪誉新技术开发有限公司 Detachable screw mouth and automatic screw-fastening machine
CN110977428A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-10 厦门理工学院 Left-wheel type screw locking mechanism and left-wheel type screw locking method

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