CN105557172A - Potato harvesting and residual film recovery combined machine - Google Patents

Potato harvesting and residual film recovery combined machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105557172A
CN105557172A CN201510993980.4A CN201510993980A CN105557172A CN 105557172 A CN105557172 A CN 105557172A CN 201510993980 A CN201510993980 A CN 201510993980A CN 105557172 A CN105557172 A CN 105557172A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
residual film
drive
potato
shaft
chain
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201510993980.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
简建明
侯书林
王书
胡国永
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China Agricultural University
Original Assignee
China Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Agricultural University filed Critical China Agricultural University
Priority to CN201510993980.4A priority Critical patent/CN105557172A/en
Publication of CN105557172A publication Critical patent/CN105557172A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D31/00Other digging harvesters
    • A01D31/02Other digging harvesters combined with other agricultural machines, e.g. drilling, planting, hay-harvesting machines

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of agricultural machinery and particularly relates to a potato harvesting and residual film recovery combined machine. The combined machine comprises a traction frame (1), a machine frame (2), a digging shovel (6), a housing (7), a ground wheel (8), a driving transmission device, a potato and residual film conveying device and a residual film collection device, wherein the driving transmission device outputs power for driving the potato and residual film conveying device and the residual film collection device to run; the digging shovel (6) shovels out potatoes and residual films; and the potato and residual film conveying device and the residual film collection device are matched with each other to realize potato harvesting and residual film recovery. The combined machine is simple in structure and can realize potato harvesting and residual film recovery simultaneously, thereby remarkably improving the working efficiency.

Description

A kind of potato results and residual film recovery combine machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical field, particularly a kind of potato results and residual film recovery combine machine.
Background technology
Potato has become one of staple food crop of society people as a kind of nutritious food, is extensively planted in countries in the world, and China has become the maximum country of cultivated area according to statistics.Become a heavy task because large-area plantation makes potato gather in the crops, artificial results labour intensity is large and efficiency is low; Meanwhile, people are in order to increase the output of potato, and introduced this technology of film-covering planting, film-covering planting creates serious white pollution while bringing potato production promoting, and a large amount of mulch film remains in soil, and artificial winder wastes time and energy, and efficiency is not high.The production of potato faces results and this two large problems of used plastic collection.Present stage, develop harvester for potato and machine for recovering broken film, but results and the used plastic collection of potato can not have been carried out simultaneously.
At present, harvester for potato technology is developed accordingly, typically represents the U.S. promise series of middle the agricultural machinery 1700 and 1710 type potato combines that You Zhongjimei promise company produces.The Typical Representative of machine for recovering broken film has the LM-3.2 type machine for recovering broken film developed by the Production and Construction Corps of Xinjiang.But existing harvester for potato and machine for recovering broken film are independent for corresponding problem, results and the used plastic collection operation of potato can not be carried out simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide that a kind of applicability is strong, structure is simple, be convenient to make and install, there is good operability in actual production, potato results and used plastic collection can be realized simultaneously, the potato of greatly increasing work efficiency gathers in the crops and residual film recovery combine machine.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides following technical scheme:
The invention provides a kind of potato results and residual film recovery combine machine, comprise hitch frame 1, frame 2, digger blade 6, shell 7 and land wheel 8, wherein, hitch frame 1 is fixed in frame 2 front end, land wheel 8 is provided with bottom frame 2, frame 2 bottom front crossbeam is provided with digger blade 6, and the engine body exterior that frame 2 is formed is provided with shell 7, and this combine also comprises drive transmission, potato and residual film conveying device and residual film gathering unit.
Drive transmission comprises drive motors 3, driving shaft 31, driving wheel 32, first driving chain 33, first power transmission shaft 34, first drive 35, second driving shaft 36, second drive 37, second driving chain 38 and the 3rd drive 39.
Driving shaft 31 end of drive motors 3 is provided with driving wheel 32; First power transmission shaft 34 and second driving shaft 36 are successively set in the middle part of body from top to bottom, and form axle with shell 7 respectively and be rotationally connected; The end of the first power transmission shaft 34 is disposed with the first drive 35 and the second drive 37; The end of second driving shaft 36 is provided with the 3rd drive 39; Be connected by the first driving chain 33 between driving wheel 32 with the first drive 35; Second drive 37 is connected by the second driving chain 38 with the 3rd drive 39.
Potato and residual film conveying device comprise the first driven shaft 41, first driven sprocket 42, first drive sprocket 43 and potato and residual film carrier chain 44.
First driven shaft 41 is arranged at the organism bottom front end that frame 2 is formed, and near digger blade 6, itself and shell 7 form axle and be rotationally connected; First driven shaft 41 is provided with two the first driven sprockets 42; Two the first drive sprockets 43 are arranged on described first power transmission shaft 34; First drive sprocket 43 is connected with residual film carrier chain 44 by potato with the first driven sprocket 42.
Residual film gathering unit comprises the second drive sprocket 51, second driven shaft 52, second driven sprocket 53 and residual film collects chain 56.
Second driven shaft 52 is arranged at the body upper rear end that frame 2 is formed, and forms axle and is rotationally connected, be provided with two the second driven sprockets 53 with shell 7; Two the second drive sprockets 51 are arranged on described second driving shaft 36; Second driven sprocket 53 is collected chain 56 with the second drive sprocket 51 by residual film and is connected.
Described residual film gathering unit also comprises back shaft 54 and supports sprocket wheel 55, and back shaft 54 is arranged at the plane formed with second driving shaft 36 between the second driven shaft 52 and second driving shaft 36 and higher than the second driven shaft 52; Back shaft 54 and shell 7 form axle and are rotationally connected; Back shaft 54 is provided with two support sprocket wheels 55; Described residual film is collected chain 56 and is walked around the second drive sprocket 51 successively, supports sprocket wheel 55 and the second driven sprocket 53.
Described back shaft 54 and the second driven shaft 52 are in same level.
Described drive motors 3 arranged outside has protective cover 9.
Described residual film gathering unit also comprises baffle plate 57, is vertically fixed on the shell 7 of frame 2 postmedian; Baffle plate 57 and shell 7 form film-collecting box 58.
Described digger blade 6 length direction is provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 2-6cm.
Described frame 2 bottom front cross beam water square is upwards provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 5-10cm.
Described potato and residual film carrier chain 44 comprise many conveying levers 441 and conveying lever connection chain 442; Distance between every two conveying levers 441 is 5cm.
Described residual film is collected chain 56 and is comprised many collection bars 561 and collect bar connection chain 562; Distance between every two collection bars 561 is 10-15cm.
The spade of described digger blade 6 and the gap between potato and residual film carrier chain 44 are less than 5cm.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Potato results of the present invention and residual film recovery combine machine, structure is simple, potato results and used plastic collection can be realized simultaneously, significantly improve operating efficiency, effective solution residual film on the field pollutes the results with potato, realize field potato results and the mechanization of used plastic collection, ensure agricultural production, realize the sustainable development of agricultural.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of potato of the present invention results and residual film recovery combine machine;
Fig. 2 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of potato of the present invention results and residual film recovery combine machine;
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of potato of the present invention results and residual film recovery combine machine.Reference numeral is wherein:
1 hitch frame 2 frame
3 drive motors 31 driving shafts
32 driving wheel 33 first driving chains
34 first power transmission shaft 35 first drives
36 second driving shaft 37 second drives
38 second driving chain 39 the 3rd drives
41 first driven shaft 42 first driven sprockets
43 first drive sprocket 44 potatoes and residual film carrier chain
441 conveying lever 442 conveying lever connection chains
51 second drive sprocket 52 second driven shafts
53 second driven sprocket 54 back shafts
55 support the residual film of sprocket wheel 56 collects chain
561 collect bar 562 collects bar connection chain
57 baffle plate 58 film-collecting boxs
6 digger blade 7 shells
8 land wheel 9 protective covers
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
As Figure 1-3, potato results of the present invention and residual film recovery combine machine, comprise hitch frame 1, frame 2, digger blade 6, shell 7, drive transmission, potato and residual film conveying device, residual film gathering unit and land wheel 8.
Described hitch frame 1 is fixed in frame 2 front end, is provided with land wheel 8 bottom frame 2, and frame 2 bottom front crossbeam is provided with digger blade 6.The engine body exterior that frame 2 is formed is provided with shell 7.
Drive transmission comprises drive motors 3, driving shaft 31, driving wheel 32, first driving chain 33, first power transmission shaft 34, first drive 35, second driving shaft 36, second drive 37, second driving chain 38 and the 3rd drive 39.
Drive motors 3 is fixed in frame 2; Driving shaft 31 end of drive motors 3 is provided with driving wheel 32; First power transmission shaft 34 and second driving shaft 36 are successively set in the middle part of body from top to bottom, and form axle with shell 7 respectively and be rotationally connected; The end of the first power transmission shaft 34 is disposed with the first drive 35 and the second drive 37; The end of second driving shaft 36 is provided with the 3rd drive 39; Be connected by the first driving chain 33 between driving wheel 32 with the first drive 35; Second drive 37 is connected by the second driving chain 38 with the 3rd drive 39.
Potato and residual film conveying device comprise the first driven shaft 41, first driven sprocket 42, first drive sprocket 43 and potato and residual film carrier chain 44.
First driven shaft 41 is arranged at the organism bottom front end of frame 2 formation, close digger blade 6, and itself and shell 7 form axle and be rotationally connected; First driven shaft 41 is provided with at least two the first driven sprockets 42; Two the first drive sprockets 43 are arranged on described first power transmission shaft 34; First drive sprocket 43 is connected with residual film carrier chain 44 by potato with the first driven sprocket 42.
Residual film gathering unit comprises the second drive sprocket 51, second driven shaft 52, second driven sprocket 53 and residual film collects chain 56.
Second driven shaft 52 is arranged at the body upper rear end that frame 2 is formed, and forms axle and is rotationally connected, be provided with two the second driven sprockets 53 with shell 7; Two the second drive sprockets 51 are arranged on described second driving shaft 36; Second driven sprocket 53 is collected chain 56 with the second drive sprocket 51 by residual film and is connected.
Residual film gathering unit also comprises back shaft 54 and supports sprocket wheel 55.Back shaft 54 is arranged at the plane formed with second driving shaft 36 between the second driven shaft 52 and second driving shaft 36 and higher than the second driven shaft 52.Preferably, back shaft 54 and the second driven shaft 52 are in same level.Back shaft 54 and shell 7 form axle and are rotationally connected; Back shaft 54 is provided with two support sprocket wheels 55; Described residual film is collected chain 56 and is walked around the second drive sprocket 51 successively, supports sprocket wheel 55 and the second driven sprocket 53.
Preferably, drive motors 3 arranged outside has protective cover 9.
Preferably, residual film gathering unit also comprises baffle plate 57, is vertically fixed on the shell 7 of frame 2 postmedian; Baffle plate 57 and shell 7 form film-collecting box 58.
Described digger blade 6 length direction is provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 2-6cm; Frame 2 bottom front cross beam water square is upwards provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 5-10cm.Can according to the installation site of excavating depth and width adjustment digger blade 6.
Described potato and residual film carrier chain 44 comprise many conveying levers 441 and conveying lever connection chain 442; Distance between every two conveying levers 441 is 5cm.
Described residual film is collected chain 56 and is comprised many collection bars 561 and collect bar connection chain 562; Distance between every two collection bars 561 is 10-15cm.
The spade of described digger blade 6 and the gap between potato and residual film carrier chain 44 are less than 5cm.
The course of work of the present invention is:
Potato results of the present invention are affiliated at farm tractor rear with residual film recovery combine machine by hitch frame 1, be provided with walking ground wheel 8, draw walking by farm tractor bottom frame 2.
Drive motors 3 outputting power, driving shaft 31 and driving wheel 32 entry into service, drive the first drive 35 and the first power transmission shaft 34 to rotate by the first driving chain 33; The second drive 37 on first power transmission shaft 34 and the first drive sprocket 43 rotate thereupon; Second drive 37 drives the second drive 39 and second driving shaft 36 to rotate by the second driving chain 38; First drive sprocket 43 drives potato and residual film carrier chain 44 to operate; The second drive sprocket 51 on second driving shaft 36 rotates with second driving shaft 36, drives residual film to collect chain 56 and operates; Digger blade 6 gos deep into excavating potato in soil, and along with the continuity of operation, potato and soil can constantly upwards be piled up thus form thrust upwards, and potato and residual film are pushed on potato and residual film carrier chain 44; Distance on potato and residual film carrier chain 44, between conveying lever 441 is 5cm, and guarantee can not be leaked and be zoomed in head potato.Potato and residual film constantly move upward along with potato and residual film carrier chain 44, just can fall on residual film collection chain 56 when potato and residual film are transported to the first drive 35 place, drop in the gap that potato can be collected between chain 56 from potato and residual film carrier chain 44 and residual film due to self gravity, distance simultaneously on residual film collection chain 56, between collection bar 561 is 10-15cm, ensure that dropping on the potato that residual film collection chain 56 does not drop from gap can drop from the gap of collecting between bar 561, and fall after rise to field bottom frame 2.
Residual film is then collected chain 56 with residual film and is continued motion, just can naturally fall in the film-collecting box 58 be made up of baffle plate 57 and shell 7 when residual film is transported to the second driven sprocket 53 place.Combine is constantly worked continuously, and treats that film-collecting box 58 is filled, and shuts down the residual film film-collecting box 58 of cleaning, and then continues operation.

Claims (10)

1. potato results and residual film recovery combine machine, comprise hitch frame (1), frame (2), digger blade (6), shell (7) and land wheel (8), wherein, hitch frame (1) is fixed in frame (2) front end, frame (2) bottom is provided with land wheel (8), frame (2) bottom front crossbeam is provided with digger blade (6), the engine body exterior that frame (2) is formed is provided with shell (7), it is characterized in that: this combine also comprises drive transmission, potato and residual film conveying device and residual film gathering unit,
Drive transmission comprises drive motors (3), driving shaft (31), driving wheel (32), the first driving chain (33), the first power transmission shaft (34), the first drive (35), second driving shaft (36), the second drive (37), the second driving chain (38) and the 3rd drive (39);
Driving shaft (31) end of drive motors (3) is provided with driving wheel (32); First power transmission shaft (34) and second driving shaft (36) are successively set in the middle part of body from top to bottom, and form axle with shell (7) respectively and be rotationally connected; The end of the first power transmission shaft (34) is disposed with the first drive (35) and the second drive (37); The end of second driving shaft (36) is provided with the 3rd drive (39); Be connected by the first driving chain (33) between driving wheel (32) with the first drive (35); Second drive (37) is connected by the second driving chain (38) with the 3rd drive (39);
Potato and residual film conveying device comprise the first driven shaft (41), the first driven sprocket (42), the first drive sprocket (43) and potato and residual film carrier chain (44);
First driven shaft (41) is arranged at the organism bottom front end that frame (2) is formed, and near digger blade (6), itself and shell (7) form axle and be rotationally connected; First driven shaft (41) is provided with two the first driven sprockets (42); Two the first drive sprockets (43) are arranged on described first power transmission shaft (34); First drive sprocket (43) is connected with residual film carrier chain (44) by potato with the first driven sprocket (42);
Residual film gathering unit comprises the second drive sprocket (51), the second driven shaft (52), the second driven sprocket (53) and residual film and collects chain (56);
Second driven shaft (52) is arranged at the body upper rear end that frame (2) is formed, and forms axle be rotationally connected with shell (7), is provided with two the second driven sprockets (53); Two the second drive sprockets (51) are arranged on described second driving shaft (36); Second driven sprocket (53) is collected chain (56) with the second drive sprocket (51) by residual film and is connected.
2. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, it is characterized in that: described residual film gathering unit also comprises back shaft (54) and supports sprocket wheel (55), back shaft (54) is arranged at the plane formed between the second driven shaft (52) and second driving shaft (36) and higher than the second driven shaft (52) and second driving shaft (36); Back shaft (54) and shell (7) form axle and are rotationally connected; Back shaft (54) is provided with two support sprocket wheels (55); Described residual film is collected chain (56) and is walked around the second drive sprocket (51) successively, supports sprocket wheel (55) and the second driven sprocket (53).
3. potato results according to claim 2 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described back shaft (54) and the second driven shaft (52) are in same level.
4. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described drive motors (3) arranged outside has protective cover (9).
5. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described residual film gathering unit also comprises baffle plate (57), be vertically fixed on the shell (7) of frame (2) postmedian; Baffle plate (57) and shell (7) form film-collecting box (58).
6. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described digger blade (6) length direction is provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 2-6cm.
7. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described frame (2) bottom front cross beam water square is upwards provided with multiple bolt hole, spacing 5-10cm.
8. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described potato and residual film carrier chain (44) comprise many conveying levers (441) and conveying lever connection chain (442); Distance between every two conveying levers (441) is 5cm.
9. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: described residual film is collected chain (56) and comprised many collection bars (561) and collect bar connection chain (562); Distance between every two collection bars (561) is 10-15cm.
10. potato results according to claim 1 and residual film recovery combine machine, is characterized in that: the spade of described digger blade (6) and the gap between potato and residual film carrier chain (44) are less than 5cm.
CN201510993980.4A 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Potato harvesting and residual film recovery combined machine Pending CN105557172A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993234A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 中国农业大学 Back hanging type potato residual film recovery device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203057856U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-07-17 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Integrated unit for harvesting potatoes and recycling mulching film
CN204335346U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-20 云南诚兴农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of potato harvester
CN204482331U (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-07-22 甘肃农业大学 A kind of potato harvest and residual film recovery combine machine
CN204518468U (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-05 甘肃农业大学 Towed Multifunctional potato combined harvester

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203057856U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-07-17 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Integrated unit for harvesting potatoes and recycling mulching film
CN204335346U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-20 云南诚兴农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of potato harvester
CN204482331U (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-07-22 甘肃农业大学 A kind of potato harvest and residual film recovery combine machine
CN204518468U (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-05 甘肃农业大学 Towed Multifunctional potato combined harvester

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993234A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 中国农业大学 Back hanging type potato residual film recovery device
CN105993234B (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-04-06 中国农业大学 Back hanging type potato used plastic collection device

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Application publication date: 20160511

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