CN105555504A - Packaging materials and methods for their preparation and use - Google Patents

Packaging materials and methods for their preparation and use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105555504A
CN105555504A CN 201380078825 CN201380078825A CN105555504A CN 105555504 A CN105555504 A CN 105555504A CN 201380078825 CN201380078825 CN 201380078825 CN 201380078825 A CN201380078825 A CN 201380078825A CN 105555504 A CN105555504 A CN 105555504A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
oil
shape
method according
agent
memory polymer
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CN 201380078825
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Chinese (zh)
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A·宋
M·K·玛尼昂
其他发明人请求不公开姓名
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英派尔科技开发有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/24Adaptations for preventing deterioration or decay of contents; Applications to the container or packaging material of food preservatives, fungicides, pesticides or animal repellants
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C61/00Shaping by liberation of internal stresses; Making preforms having internal stresses; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C61/06Making preforms having internal stresses, e.g. plastic memory
    • B29C61/0608Making preforms having internal stresses, e.g. plastic memory characterised by the configuration or structure of the preforms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2203/00Decoration means, markings, information elements, contents indicators
    • B65D2203/12Audible, olfactory or visual signalling means

Abstract

The application discloses packaging materials and methods for their preparation and use. According to the invention, food packaging and methods of making and using such packaging are disclosed. Food packaging having at least one agent may be disposed within a shape memory polymer which is adapted to release the agent in response to a stimulus. Such packaging may be used, for example, to detect environmental conditions during transport or storage, maintain a temperature of the food to preserve food quality, or provide a pleasant sensory experience to a consumer.

Description

包装材料及其制备和使用方法 Packaging materials and methods of making and using

背景技术 Background technique

[0001] 用于包装的温控系统能够有助于保持食物质量。 [0001] temperature control system for packaging can help maintain food quality. 在冷储地点之间运输或者顾客没有及时冷藏的带有非理想包装的冷藏或冷冻食品将受益于更佳的绝缘以便储存、运输和购后处置。 Transportation between the cold storage location or the customer does not timely refrigerated refrigerated or frozen food packaging with non-ideal will benefit from better insulation for storage, transport and purchase after disposal. 同样,自加热包装可允许消费者便利地享受应当加热的食物。 Similarly, self-heating packaging can allow consumers to conveniently enjoy food should be heated. 因此,对于与标准包装相比改善食物质量的食物包装解决方案存在需求。 Therefore, a need exists for comparison with the standard packaging food packaging solutions to improve food quality.

[0002] 发明概述 [0002] Summary of the Invention

[0003] 该文献中公开的实施例涉及具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂的包装,该形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0003] Example embodiments relate to this document the disclosed package having at least one active agent is disposed within the shape memory polymer, a shape memory polymer that is adapted to release in response to stimulation agent. 该包装可构造为例如保存食物或饮料。 The package can be configured, for example to preserve food or drink. 该包装可用于例如检测运输或储存期间的环境条件,保持食物的温度以维持食物质量,或者为顾客提供令人愉悦的感官体验。 The package can be used for example to detect environmental conditions during transport or storage, maintain the temperature of the food to maintain food quality, or to provide a pleasing sensory experience for customers.

[0004] -些实施例涉及制作包装的方法,包括将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0004] - Some embodiments relate to methods of production of packaging, comprising at least one active agent is disposed within a shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation agent.

[0005] -些实施例涉及使用包装的方法,包括:提供具有布置于形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂的包装;以及提供刺激以使形状记忆聚合物变形,由此从形状记忆聚合物中释放出作用剂。 [0005] - Some embodiments relate to the use of the package, comprising: providing a package having a shape memory polymer is disposed within at least one agent; and provide a stimulus to deform the shape memory polymer, whereby the shape memory polymer the release agent.

[0006] 前面的概述仅仅是示例性的,而不意在以任何方式进行限制。 [0006] The foregoing summary is merely exemplary and not intended to be limiting in any way. 通过参考附图以及下面的详细说明,除了上文所描述的示例性的方案、实施例和特征之外,另外的方案、实施例和特征将变得清晰可见。 By reference to the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description, in addition to the exemplary embodiment described above, other than the embodiments and features, further aspects, embodiments, and features will become clearly visible.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007] 图1示出了具有形状记忆聚合物的示例性包装的示意图,该形状记忆聚合物呈柱形棒的形状,当暴露于刺激时柱形棒打开,形成装饰形状。 [0007] FIG. 1 shows a schematic of an exemplary package having a shape memory polymer, a shape memory polymer is in the shape of a cylindrical rod, when exposed to a stimulus open cylindrical rod, a decorative shape.

[0008] 图2示出了具有形状记忆聚合物的示例性包装的示意图,如左侧显示该形状记忆聚合物具有平板壁,当暴露于刺激时该平板壁收缩、向上卷曲,形成如右侧显示的装饰性花形装饰件,并且当包封形状记忆聚合物的密封剂响应于收缩而破裂时,引起作用剂的猝发性释放(如星形猝发所示)。 [0008] FIG. 2 shows a schematic of an exemplary package having a shape memory polymer, as shown to the left of the wall plate having a shape memory polymer, when exposed to stimulation of the wall plate shrinkage, curl upward, is formed at right decorative flower shaped decorative element is displayed, and when the sealant encapsulating the shape memory polymer responsive to a contraction rupture, causing a burst of release of agent (as indicated by a star burst).

[0009] 图3A-3E示出了根据本文实施例的做成各种形状的装饰件的形状记忆聚合物。 [0009] FIGS. 3A-3E illustrate various shapes made of a shape memory polymer garnish according to an embodiment herein. 图3A示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为叶子的装饰件的示例。 FIG 3A illustrates an embodiment may be utilized herein are exemplary methods shaped leaves made garnish is. 图3B示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为叶子的装饰件的示例。 FIG 3B illustrates embodiments described herein may be utilized in exemplary methods shaped leaves made garnish is. 图3C示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为保持食物的碗的叶状装饰件的示例。 FIG 3C illustrates embodiments may be utilized herein, a method to hold shaped sample made leaflets garnish food bowl. 图3D示出了作为寿司包装的部分的、 本文实施例的叶状装饰件包装的示例。 FIG. 3D shows an exemplary embodiment of the leaflets garnish herein sushi package as part of the package. 图3E示出了可以利用本文的实施例的方法做成的定形为花的装饰件的示例。 FIG. 3E shows an embodiment may be utilized herein as an example of the method made flower shaped decorative member.

[0010] 图4A-4D描绘了根据本文实施例的暴露于刺激时示例性的形状记忆聚合物的变换的阶段。 [0010] Figures 4A-4D depict exemplary transformation stages of a shape memory polymer upon exposure to a stimulus embodiments herein. 图4A描绘了呈螺丝锥状螺旋形状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,如同4B所示缓慢展开。 4A depicts a spiral shape as a tapered screw shape memory polymer, when exposed to a stimulus, as shown in FIG. 4B to expand slowly. 图4C是弯曲管状,描绘了形状记忆聚合物的变换的进一步阶段,如图4D所示形状记忆聚合物展开而形成直线的、固定管状。 4C is a curved tubular depicting a further phase transformation of the shape memory polymer, a shape memory polymer unfolded as shown in FIG. 4D rectilinear, tubular fixed.

[0011] 图5A-5C描绘了根据本文实施例的暴露于刺激时形状记忆聚合物的变换的阶段。 [0011] FIGS. 5A-5C depict the stages of a transformation of the shape memory polymer upon exposure to a stimulus embodiments herein. 图5A示出了处于其原始管状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,如图5B所示开始向内卷曲,产生了如图5(3所不的最早的螺丝锥(corkscrew)形状。 5A shows a shape memory polymer in its original tubular shape when exposed to a stimulus, crimped inwardly as shown in FIG. 5B begins, resulting 5 (3 earliest not corkscrew (Corkscrew) shape.

[0012] 图6示出了本文所描述实施例的形状记忆聚合物响应于温度变化的形状变化特性。 [0012] FIG. 6 shows the shape change characteristic of the embodiment described herein a shape memory polymer responsive to a temperature change. X轴是时间,y轴是温度。 X-axis is time, y-axis is the temperature.

[0013]图7A-7D示出了接枝聚合物网的光诱发SME的分子机理:图7A的光敏基(空心三角形)在拉伸和光固定之后共价连接到永久聚合物网(实心圆,永久交联),形成光可逆交联(实心菱形),如图7B中所示;临时形状的图7C所示的固定和图7D所示的复原是通过合适波长的UV光辐照来实现的。 [0013] Figures 7A-7D illustrate the molecular mechanism of light-induced graft SME polymer networks: a photosensitive FIG. 7A (open triangles) in the stretching and after the light-covalent polymer network is fixedly connected to the permanent (solid circles, permanent crosslinking), forming a light reversible crosslinked (solid diamonds), as shown in FIG. 7B; FIG. 7D shown restoring temporary shape fixing and FIG. 7C is achieved by irradiation with UV light of a suitable wavelength the .

[00M]图8A-8C示出了形状记忆复原过程的示意图,其中图8A示出了切换链段松弛的原始形状;图8B示出了切换链段由于温降而在过渡中固定的过渡形状;以及图8C示出了切换链段再次松弛的逆向返回原始形状. [00M] FIGS. 8A-8C shows a schematic view of the shape memory recovery process, wherein FIG. 8A shows an original shape changing segment slack; FIG. 8B shows the due temperature drop and the transition shape fixed during a transition switching segment ; and FIG. 8C shows a reverse switch segment again returned to the original relaxed shape.

[0015]图9A-9E示出了由硅石基质中氧化铁(II)颗粒和聚醚聚氨酯构成的纳米颗粒形成的热塑性形状记忆复合物在22秒内的磁感应形状记忆效应。 [0015] Figures 9A-9E shows a magnetic induction shape memory effect of shape memory composites of thermoplastic matrix of silica in iron (II) nanoparticles and particles constituting the polyether urethane formed in 22 seconds.

[0016]发明详述 [0016] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0017]在下面的详细说明中,将参考附图,附图构成了详细说明的一部分。 [0017] In the detailed description below, with reference to the accompanying drawings which form a part of the detailed description. 在附图中,除非上下文指出,否则相似的符号通常表示相似的部件。 In the drawings, unless context dictates otherwise similar symbols typically identify similar parts. 在详细说明、附图和权利要求中所描述的示例性实施例不意在限制。 Exemplary embodiments described in the detailed description, drawings, and claims are not meant to be limiting. 在不偏离本文呈现的主题的精神或范围的前提下,可以使用其它实施例,并且可以做出其它改变。 Without departing from the subject matter presented herein from the spirit or scope, other embodiments, and other changes may be made. 将易于理解的是,如本文大致描述且如图中所图示的,本公开的方案能够以各种不同配置来布置、替代、组合、分离和设计,所有这些都在本公开的范围内中明确地构思出。 It will be readily appreciated that, as generally described herein and as illustrated in, the embodiment of the present disclosure can be a variety of different configurations are arranged, substituted, combined, separated, and designed, all of which are within the scope of the present disclosure clearly conceived.

[0018] 本文描述的实施例涉及包装,该包装具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂,该形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0018] The embodiments described herein relate to packaging, the package having at least one active agent is disposed within a shape memory polymer, in the stimulation of the release agent adapted to respond to a shape memory polymer. 该包装可构造为例如保存食物或饮料。 The package can be configured, for example to preserve food or drink. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以猝发释放方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 In some embodiments, the agent may be released from the burst release pattern of the shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以缓慢释放的方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 In some embodiments, the release agent can be slowly released from the way shape memory polymer. 作用剂可以包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 Agent may include a cooling agent, a fragrance, a heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, medicaments, noise generation or combinations thereof. 例如,作用剂可以包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 Salts such as salts, the agent can comprise an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, is capable of an endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide or a combination thereof.

[0019] 在一些实施例中,作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物的表面上。 [0019] In some embodiments, the agent is disposed on a surface of the shape memory polymer. 在图1所示的实施例中,作用剂102可以储存在形状记忆聚合物100的内核101中。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, the agent 102 can be stored in the shape memory polymer core 101 100. 形状记忆聚合物100可以定形为块状聚合物棒,作用剂102在暴露于刺激时被释放,并由于促动而到达亲水基质中。 Shape memory polymer 100 may be shaped as a bulk polymer rod, the agent 102 is released upon exposure to a stimulus, and because the actuator reaches a hydrophilic matrix. 例如, 块状聚合物棒在暴露于刺激时打开并且释放作用剂102,诸如冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合,从而产生感官体验。 For example, a block polymer rod 102 opens and releases the agent when exposed to a stimulus, such as cooling agents, flavoring agents, heating agents, or aid visual indicator, an antibacterial agent, a drug, pharmaceutical agent, or a combination thereof is formed noise , resulting in sensory experience. 在可选的实施例中,如图2所示,作用剂201可以储存在材料密封剂中并且涂敷到形状记忆聚合物200 的板面203上。 In an alternative embodiment, shown in Figure 2, the agent 201 can be stored in the material and the sealant 203 applied to the plate surface 200 of the shape memory polymer. 在图2中,当形状记忆聚合物收缩202时,形状记忆聚合物在暴露于诸如温度变化的刺激时从平坦形状变成螺旋形状,通过使得包封形状记忆聚合物200的胶囊204破裂,可以释放作用剂201。 In FIG. 2, when the shrinkage of the shape memory polymer 202, the shape memory polymer upon exposure to a stimulus such as temperature changes from a flat shape into a spiral shape, such that the encapsulation broken by the capsule shape memory polymer 200 204, can be 201 release agent. 如图3所示,形状记忆聚合物可以定形为食物装饰件300,诸如为叶子(图3A至3D)或花(图3E)形状的食物装饰件,并且可以设计形状变化以使得在形状记忆聚合物从一种形状变换成另一种形状时,可以提供装饰性"折纸"效果。 3, the shape memory polymer may be shaped food garnish 300, such as a food shaped as a leaf garnish (FIGS. 3A to 3D) or a flower (Fig. 3E), and can be designed so that the shape change of the shape memory polymeric when was transformed from one shape to another shape, and may provide a decorative "folding" effect.

[0020] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐。 [0020] In some embodiments, the agent may be capable of an endothermic reaction occurs salt when dissolved in water. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以从以下选出:硝酸铵、氯化锂、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、氯化钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、山梨醇、甘油、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、甘露糖、糖、 碳水化合物及其组合。 In some embodiments, the agent can be selected from the following: nitrate, lithium chloride, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrite, nitrate , sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, glycerol, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, salivary amylase, lipase, mannitol , sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.

[0021] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐。 [0021] In some embodiments, the agent may be a salt capable of an exothermic reaction occurs when dissolved in water. 例如,作用剂可以从以下选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 For example, the agent can be selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium sulfate, calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.

[0022] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油, 大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油,桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油, 香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油,荜澄茄,枯茗油, 柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷 [0022] In some embodiments, the agent may be selected from the following oils: oils agar, celery fragrant oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, balsam oil, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil, cistus oil , citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry film sedge, curry leaves Indian wormwood oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, lime, Cang oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint oil, mint Yamaga 芥子油,艾蒿油, 没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉, 八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 Mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, orris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil Haiti oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, Hong peppermint oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, spikenard, spruce, anise oil, tangerine, tarragon oil, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.

[0023] 如本文所使用的,形状记忆聚合物是具有"记忆"宏观(永久)形状的能力的聚合物,在一定的温度和压力条件下被操纵并固定到临时和休眠的形状,并且在暴露于刺激时松弛为宏观形状。 [0023] As used herein, a shape memory polymer is a polymer having macroscopic (permanent) ability of the shape of the "memory", it is manipulated and fixed into a temporary shape and sleep at a certain temperature and pressure conditions, and relaxation is a macroscopic shape upon exposure to a stimulus. 与形状记忆合金(例如,金属合金,如镍-钛)相比,本文所述的形状记忆聚合物可有利地具有高的弹性变形(对于大多数材料,弹性变形达到200%以上),低密度,可生物降解性和生物相容性,并可能成本低。 And a shape memory alloy (e.g., a metal alloy, such as nickel - titanium) as compared to said shape memory polymer described herein can advantageously have a high elastic deformability (for most materials, the elastic deformation of 200% or more), low density , biocompatibility and biodegradability, and cost may be low. 这种聚合物也可以针对不同的应用来调整,并且可以容易地加工。 Such polymers can also be adjusted for different applications, and can be easily processed. 这种形状记忆聚合物的高弹性变形允许在受刺激时大幅收缩。 Such high elastic deformation allowing the shape memory polymer shrink significantly when stimulated. 在一些实施方案中,用于稳定临时形状的一个先决条件是该链段中的变形形状构造的临时固定。 In some embodiments, a prerequisite for stable temporary shape is temporarily fixed in the deformed shape of the structure segment. 在一些实施方案中,暂时的、可逆的交联可以是共价键或物理交联。 In some embodiments, temporary and reversible crosslinking may be covalent bonding or physical crosslinking. 在一些实施方案中,物理交联可以是改良成粘性状态的晶粒。 In some embodiments, physical crosslinking may be modified to a viscous state grains.

[0024] 在一些实施例中,变形使得形状记忆聚合物固定在第二临时形状。 [0024] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer such that the modification is fixed to the second temporary shape. 该临时形状可以保持,直到定形体暴露于适当的刺激,这引起原始形状的复原。 The temporary shape can be maintained until the molded article is exposed to a constant appropriate stimulus, which causes restoration of the original shape. 在一些实施例中,临时形状可以在刺激一结束时恢复其原始形状。 In some embodiments, the temporary shape can be restored to its original shape when the end of a stimulus. 在复原期间发生的运动可以预先限定,因为其与导致临时形状的机械变形逆反。 Movement that occurs during the recovery period can be predefined, since it leads to reverse the mechanical deformation of the temporary shape. 本文的实施例的形状记忆聚合物具有重量轻且容许高拉伸的优点。 Shape memory polymers embodiment herein have a light weight and allows a high tensile strengths. 分子结构的不同的结构参数,可使得调整形状记忆聚合物以适应特定的食物和饮料包装应用的需求,如调整用于启动形状变化的转变温度(T trans),从而允许形状记忆聚合物爆发释放其内包封的冷却剂。 Different structural parameters of the molecular structure, can be adjusted such that the shape memory polymer to meet the needs of specific food and beverage packaging applications, such as adjusting the transition temperature for the shape change of the start (T trans), thereby allowing the burst release of shape memory polymer encapsulated within which coolant. 例如,对于对温度敏感的形状记忆聚合物,其中形状记忆聚合物的某些链段充当分子开关(切换链段),T trans是切换相的热转变温度。 For example, for a temperature-sensitive shape memory polymers, wherein some segments of the shape memory polymer acts as a molecular switch (switching segments), T trans is the phase transition temperature of the thermal switch. 图8A-8C示出了热诱导形状记忆聚合物的分子结构,其中所述切换链段最初松弛(图8A)并且当聚合物被冷却时成为细长的且固定(图8B)。 FIGS. 8A-8C shows the molecular structure of the heat-induced shape memory polymer, wherein the first switching segment is slack (FIG. 8A) and becomes elongated and fixed (FIG. 8B) when the polymer is cooled. 如本文所用,切换链段是促进形状变化的官能团或刺激敏感域。 As used herein, a functional group switching segment shape change or to promote the stimulation of sensitive domain. 当加热时,形状记忆聚合物恢复到其初始形状(图8C),并且切换链段再次变得松弛。 When heated, the shape memory polymer returns to its original shape (FIG. 8C), and the switching segment becomes slack again.

[0025] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可适于响应于刺激而经历形状变化以释放作用剂。 [0025] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be adapted in response to the stimuli undergo a change in shape to release the agent. 例如,形状记忆聚合物可以经历从平坦形状到卷曲形状的形状变化,从卷曲形状到平坦形状的形状变化,从管状到螺旋形状的形状变化,从螺旋形状到管状的变化,或其组合。 For example, the shape memory polymer may undergo a change in shape from a flat shape to a curved shape, the shape changes from a flat shape to a curved shape, the shape changes from the tube to the spiral shape, the shape changes from the tubular coil, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以响应于刺激而从闭合构造变成打开构造。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be responsive to a stimulus from the closed configuration into the open configuration. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以收缩。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may shrink. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物的至少一部分可以破裂。 In some embodiments, at least a portion of the shape memory polymer may be broken. 例如,形状变化可以导致包含作用剂的胶囊破裂,其中胶囊由形状记忆聚合物形成。 For example, change in shape may result in capsule rupture comprise agents, wherein the capsule is formed from a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以是可逆的或不可逆的。 In some embodiments, the shape change may be reversible or irreversible. 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以是临时的或永久的。 In some embodiments, the shape change may be temporary or permanent.

[0026] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 [0026] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may include cinnamic acid, starch, polyether polyurethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl-2- oxazoline), a poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, crosslinked polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans-polyisoprene, crosslinked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymers, styrene-based polymers, acrylate-based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, thio-based polymer, a polyurethane block, block polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate), or a copolymer comprising dodecanedioic acid and sebacic acid monomer bile acid based polyester, or combinations thereof.

[0027] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 [0027] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer. 可食聚合物可以包括淀粉,聚ε_己内酯-共-乙交酯-二甲基丙烯酸酯,或其它生物聚合物。 Edible polymers may include starch, poly caprolactone ε_ - co - glycolide - dimethacrylate, or other biopolymers.

[0028] 如本文所使用的,形状恢复比率Rr量化形状记忆聚合物记住其永久形状的能力。 [0028] As used herein, a shape recovery ratio of the shape memory polymer Rr quantization their ability to remember the permanent shape. 形状记忆聚合物可以具有约80%至约1000%的形状恢复比率。 Shape memory polymers may have from about 80% to about 1000% shape recovery rate. 在一些实施例中,形状恢复比率可以为约80%至约900%,约80%至约800%,约80%至约700%,约80%至约600%,约80 %至约500%,约80%至约400%,约80%至约300 %,约80至约250%,约80%至约200%, 约80%至约150%,约80%至约100%,约100%至约900%,约100%至约800%,约100%至约700%,约100%至约600%,约100%至约500%,约100%至约400%,约100%至约300%,约100%至约250%,约100至约200%,约100%至约150%,约150%至约1000%,约200至约1000%,约250%至约1000%,约300%至约1000%,约400%至约1000%,或其组合。 In some embodiments, the shape recovery ratio can be from about 80% to about 900%, from about 80% to about 800%, from about 80% to about 700%, from about 80% to about 600%, from about 80% to about 500% , from about 80% to about 400%, from about 80% to about 300%, from about 80 to about 250%, from about 80% to about 200%, from about 80% to about 150%, from about 80% to about 100%, about 100 % to about 900%, about 100% to about 800%, about 100% to about 700%, about 100% to about 600%, about 100% to about 500%, about 100% to about 400%, about 100% to about 300%, about 100% to about 250%, from about 100 to about 200%, about 100% to about 150%, about 150% to about 1000%, from about 200 to about 1000%, about 250% to about 1000%, from about 300% to about 1000%, about 400% to about 1000%, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状恢复比率可以为约100%,约150 %,约200%,约250 %,约300%,约400 %,约500%,约600%,约700%,约800%,约900%,约1000%,或在这些值中的任意值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the shape recovery ratio may be about 100%, about 150%, about 200%, about 250%, about 300%, about 400%, about 500%, about 600%, about 700%, about 800% , about 900% to about 1000%, or ranges between any of these values.

[0029] 应变受控协议的形状恢复比率为:& = d#;:;其中ε是公称应变,^是j 周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的恢复应变,Ν是周期数,Rr是形状恢复比率。 [0029] Protocol strain controlled shape recovery ratio: & = d #;:; where ε is the nominal strain, strain j ^ is the default periodic thermomechanical experiments, strain recovery is periodic ^ thermomechanical experiments , Ν is the number of cycles, Rr is the shape recovery ratio. 应力受控测试协议的形状恢复比率是,dv) - 其中是ε1是冷却至温度Tlciw之后的应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的恢复应变,Ν是周期数,Rr是形状恢复比率。 Stress testing protocol controlled shape recovery ratio is, dv) - where ε1 is the strain is cooled to a temperature after Tlciw, ^ is the strain recovery cyclic thermo-mechanical experiments, Ν is the number of cycles, Rr is the shape recovery ratio. 在应变受控协议中,在第N个周期中的程序步骤期间发生的应变εη-ερ(N-1)与在当前形状记忆效应("SME")期间发生的应变^-化⑶的变化有关。 Strain controlled protocol, εη-ερ strain occurring during the process steps in the cycle of N (N-1) and the strain generated during the current shape-memory effect ( "SME") ^ - related to the change of ⑶ . 在施加屈服应力之前的无应力状态下,在两个连续经过的周期中样本的应变由ε Ρ(Ν-1_εΡ(Ν)表示。在第Ν个周期ει(Ν)的冷却至温度之后的应力受控程序和无应力恢复的情况下,形状恢复比率Rr量化材料记住其永久形状的能力。为此目的,在第N个周期的程序步骤期间发生的应变的变化ει(Ν)_εΡ(Ν)与由于SME而发生的应变变化ει(Ν)-εΡ(Ν_1)进行比较。 In the stress state before the application of the yield stress of the sample in two successive cycles through the strain is expressed by ε Ρ (Ν-1_εΡ (Ν). V stress after the first cycle ει (Ν) is cooled to a temperature under controlled procedures and without recovery stress, the shape recovery ratio Rr material to remember its ability to quantify permanent shape. For this purpose, change ει strain occurring during the program steps of N cycles (Ν) _εΡ (Ν ) and strain ει (Ν) occurs due SME -εΡ (Ν_1) were compared.

[0030] 如本文所使用的,形状固定比率可用来量化形状记忆聚合物固定导致临时形状的变形(诸如拉伸)的能力。 [0030] As used herein, a fixed rate may be used to shape the quantization result in deformation of the shape memory polymer fixing the temporary shape (such as tensile) capability. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以具有约1〇〇%至约1〇〇〇%的形状固定比率。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may have from about% to about 1〇〇〇% 1〇〇 shape fixity rate. 在一些实施例中,形状固定比率可以是约100%至约900%,约100%至约800%,约100%至约700%,约100%至约600%,约100%至约500%,约100%至约400%,约100%至约300%,约100%至约250%,约100至约200%,约100%至约150%,约150%至约1000%,约200 % 至约1000 %,约250 % 至约1000 %,约300 % 至约1000 %,约400 % 至约1000%,或其组合。 In some embodiments, the shape of the fixed ratio may be from about 100% to about 900%, about 100% to about 800%, about 100% to about 700%, about 100% to about 600%, about 100% to about 500% , from about 100% to about 400%, about 100% to about 300%, about 100% to about 250%, from about 100 to about 200%, about 100% to about 150%, about 150% to about 1000%, about 200 % to about 1000%, about 250% to about 1000%, about 300% to about 1000%, about 400% to about 1000%, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状固定比率可以是约100%,约150%,约200%,约250%,约300%,约400%,约500%,约600%,约700%,约800%,约900%,约1000%,或在这些值中的任意值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the shape of the fixed ratio may be about 100%, about 150%, about 200%, about 250%, about 300%, about 400%, about 500%, about 600%, about 700%, about 800% , about 900% to about 1000%, or ranges between any of these values.

[0031] 应变受控协议的形状固定比率是:&'(ΑΓ} 其中£11是在周期性热机械实验中卸载之后的固定应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,Ν是周期数,Rf是形状固定比率。应力受控协议的形状固定比率是%(A〇其中ει是冷却至温度TlOT之后的应变, ^是周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,N是周期数,Rf是形状固定比率。在应变受控程序协议中,Rf由第N个周期的拉力应力撤回后处于无应力状态下的应变£110)和最大应变em之比给出。在应力受控程序协议的情况下,R f由卸载之后的拉力应变^0)与在冷却至温度TlQW之后σ = ση情况下的最大应变ει(Ν)之比。 [0031] The shape of the strain-controlled protocol fixed ratio is: & '(ΑΓ} where the fixed strain after unloading is periodic. 11 £ thermomechanical experiments, ^ is the default strained cyclic thermo-mechanical experiments, v is number of cycles, Rf is the shape of the fixed ratio. shape of the fixed rate protocol is a controlled stress% (A〇 wherein ει strain after cooling to a temperature TlOT, ^ is the default strained cyclic thermo-mechanical experiments, N is the number of periods , Rf is a fixed ratio shape. strain controlled application protocols, Rf is withdrawn by the tension stress in the N cycles strain at 110 £ unstressed state) and the maximum strain ratio em is given a stress controlled applications in the case of agreement, R f ^ 0) than the maximum strain ει (Ν) in the case of σ = ση after cooling to a temperature TlQW tensile strain after unloading.

[0032] 在一些实施例中,刺激可以包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、电场变化或其组合。 [0032] In some embodiments, the stimulus may include temperature, decreased temperature, ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, changes in ion concentration, water concentration, electric field change or a combination thereof.

[0033] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以经历光可逆反应以形成可逆化学交联,实现形状变化以固定临时形状。 [0033] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer can undergo reversible light to form a reversible chemical crosslinking, to achieve a shape change to fix the temporary shape. 在一些实施例中,光可逆刺激可以是合适波长的光,诸如紫外线(UV)光或红外线(IR)光。 In some embodiments, a light stimulus may be reversible appropriate wavelength of light, such as ultraviolet (UV) light or infrared (IR) light. 光敏感基团可包括三苯基甲烷隐色衍生物,偶氮苯,或它们的组合。 Light-sensitive group can include triphenylmethane leuco derivatives, azobenzene, or combinations thereof. 例如,三苯基甲烷隐色衍生物可以通过具有至少约270nm的波长的UV光来刺激。 For example, triphenylmethane leuco derivatives may be stimulated by UV light having a wavelength of at least about 270nm. 偶氮苯基可以由具有约为330nm至约380nm的波长的UV光来刺激,以实现反式-顺式过渡,或者由具有至少约420nm的波长的UV光来刺激以实现顺式-反式过渡。 Azobenzene can be approximately 330nm to UV light having a wavelength of about 380nm stimulation to achieve the trans - cis transition, or by a UV light having a wavelength of at least about 420nm stimulation to achieve the cis - trans transition. 图7示出了接枝聚合物网的光诱导SME的分子机制(Behl等人,Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science,Vol.226,2010,pp. 1-40)。 Figure 7 shows a molecular mechanism of photo-induced graft polymer networks SME (Behl et al., Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, Vol.226,2010, pp. 1-40). 如图7A中所不,感光基(空心三角形)共价连接到永久聚合物网(实心圆,永久交联),形成如图7B所示的光可逆交联(实心菱形)。 Not as shown, the photosensitive group (open triangles) covalently attached permanently to the polymer network 7A (solid circles, permanent crosslinking), forming a light reversible crosslinked (solid diamonds) as illustrated in FIG 7B. 暂时形状的在图7C中所示的固定以及在图7D所示的恢复是通过合适的波长的UV光辐照来实现的。 In the fixing shown in FIG. 7C and FIG. 7D recovery is illustrated by irradiation with UV light of a suitable wavelength to achieve a temporary shape. 在聚合物网中并入诸如分子开关的光敏基团可使实现光诱导的SMP的发展。 Incorporated in the polymer such as molecular switch network photosensitive group can achieve light-induced development of SMP. 通过这种方式,可以通过任何温度效应来独立地诱发SME。 In this way, the SME may be independently induced by any thermal effect. 代替升高样本的温度,不同波长范围的光可用于临时形状的固定和永久形状的恢复。 Instead of raising the temperature of the sample recovery, different wavelength ranges may be used for fixing the temporary shape and a permanent shape. CA或肉桂乙酸(CAA)可用作分子级的光敏分子开关,因为它们在被合适波长的光辐照时能够在[2+2]环加成反应中彼此形成共价交联。 CA or cinnamic acid (CAA) can be used as light sensitive molecular switch the molecular level, because they are capable of forming covalent cross-links in the [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction with each other in the appropriate wavelength of light irradiation time. 当用不同的合适波长的光辐照这些键时,这些键可以再次分开。 When irradiated with light of a suitable wavelength different these keys, which can be separated again. 程序周期可以包括使样本变形到最大应变^,此后用λ>260ηπι的UV光辐照,从而应变的聚合物链段可通过新生成的共价键而固定在它们的展开构型。 Program cycle may comprise the sample deformed to the maximum strain ^ thereafter with λ> UV light irradiation 260ηπι so strained polymer segment may be fixed in their expanded configuration by a covalent bond newly generated. 当用具有波长λ〈260的光辐照样本并且新形成的共价键断开时,可以恢复永久形状。 When having a wavelength λ <covalent bond when irradiated with light and the newly formed sample 260 OFF, the permanent shape can be recovered.

[0034] 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以由磁场来诱发。 [0034] In some embodiments, the shape change may be induced by a magnetic field. 在一些实施例中,磁纳米颗粒可以添加到聚合物中。 In some embodiments, the magnetic nanoparticles may be added to the polymer. 在一些实施例中,聚合物可以是聚醚聚氨酯基质。 In some embodiments, the polymer may be a polyether polyurethane matrix. 在一些实施例中,刺激可以是交变磁场。 In some embodiments, the stimulus may be an alternating magnetic field. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场可以具有约150kHz至约400kHz的频率。 In some embodiments, the alternating magnetic field may have a frequency of from about 150kHz to about 400kHz. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场可以具有约TkAnf 1至约SOkAnf1的磁场强度(H),约lOkAnf1至约SOkAnf 1的磁场强度,约15kAm-1至约30kAm-1的磁场强度,约20kAm- 1至约30kAm-1的磁场强度,约ΖδΙίΑπΓ1 至约SOkAnT1的磁场强度,或它们的组合。 In some embodiments, the alternating magnetic field may have a field strength of from about 1 to about TkAnf SOkAnf1 of (H), from about lOkAnf1 SOkAnf magnetic field intensity to about 1, from about 15kAm-1 to the magnetic field strength of about 30kAm-1, about 20kAm- 1 to about 30kAm-1 magnetic field strength, the magnetic field strength of about ΖδΙίΑπΓ1 about SOkAnT1, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场的磁场强度可以是约TkAnf1、约lOkAnf1、约KkAnf1、约SOkAnr 1、约、约SOkAnf1或在这些值中的任意两个值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the magnetic field strength of the alternating magnetic field can be about TkAnf1, about lOkAnf1, about KkAnf1, SOkAnr a range between about 1, about, about, or any two values ​​SOkAnf1 these values. 不同强度和/或频率的磁场也可以在本公开的范围内使用。 Magnetic fields of different intensity and / or frequency may also be used within the scope of the present disclosure.

[0035] 形状记忆聚合物可以涂有密封剂。 [0035] The shape memory polymer may be coated with a sealant. 在一些实施例中,当形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,密封剂会破碎。 In some embodiments, when the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape, the sealant will be broken. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以被封装。 In some embodiments, the agent may be encapsulated. 在一些实施例中,密封剂可以从淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛,或它们的组合中选出。 In some embodiments, the encapsulant can from starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), an amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol-formaldehyde, or a combination thereof elected.

[0036] 形状记忆聚合物可以布置在亲水基质内。 [0036] The shape memory polymer may be disposed within the hydrophilic matrix. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以释放到亲水基质中。 In some embodiments, the agent may be released into the hydrophilic matrix. 在一些实施例中,在从形状记忆聚合物释放时,作用剂可以与亲水基质反应。 In some embodiments, upon release from a shape memory polymer, a hydrophilic agent may react with the matrix. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以在放热过程中与亲水基质反应。 In some embodiments, the agent can be reacted with the hydrophilic matrix in the heat release process. 在可选的实施例中,作用剂可以在吸热过程中与亲水基质反应。 In an alternative embodiment, the hydrophilic matrix agent may be the reaction in an endothermic process.

[0037] 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以包括与水结合的聚合物。 [0037] In some embodiments, the hydrophilic polymer matrix may comprise in combination with water. 在一些实施例中,作用剂释放到亲水聚合物基质中触发吸热或放热反应。 In some embodiments, the agent is released into the hydrophilic polymer matrix triggers an endothermic or exothermic reactions. 在实施例中,聚合物可以是聚乙烯醇。 In an embodiment, the polymer may be polyvinyl alcohol. 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以形成包装的一部分。 In some embodiments, the hydrophilic matrix may form part of the packaging. 例如,亲水基质可以在形状类似花的示例性的包装中形成一层'叶子'或花瓣。 For example, the hydrophilic matrix may form a 'leaf' or petals in the exemplary packaging of flower-like shape. 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以包括羟丙基甲基纤维素(HPMC),羟丙基纤维素(HPC),聚环氧乙烷(ΡΕ0),聚乙烯醇,或它们的组合。 In some embodiments, the hydrophilic matrix may comprise hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC), polyethylene oxide (ΡΕ0), polyvinyl alcohol, or combinations thereof.

[0038] -些实施例涉及制作包装的方法,该方法包括:将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0038] - Some embodiments relate to methods of production of packaging, the method comprising: at least one active agent is disposed within a shape memory polymer, a shape memory polymer which is adapted to release in response to stimulation agent. 如上所述,作用剂可以猝发释放方式或缓慢释放方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 As described above, the agent may be slow release or a burst mode release means is released from the shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:将形状记忆聚合物围绕至少一个作用剂定形。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: a shape memory polymer shaped around at least one agent. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以围绕至少一个作用剂定形以形成胶囊。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be formed in a capsule about at least one setting agent. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:用密封剂涂敷形状记忆聚合物。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: applying a sealant with a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,密封剂可适于在形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时破碎。 In some embodiments, the sealant may be adapted to break when the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括封装所述作用剂。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising the encapsulating agent. 该作用剂可以在布置于形状记忆聚合物中之前被封装。 The agent may be encapsulated before the shape memory polymer is disposed. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:布置形状记忆聚合物以将作用剂包封在亲水基质内,使得作用剂在从形状记忆聚合物中释放时与亲水基质反应,如上所述的那样。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: a shape memory polymer is disposed in the agent encapsulated in a hydrophilic matrix, such that upon release of the agent from the shape memory polymer is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix, as described above that.

[0039] -些实施例涉及使用包装的方法,包括:提供包装,该包装具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂;以及提供使形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激。 [0039] - Some embodiments relate to the use of the package, comprising: providing a package, the package having at least one active agent is disposed within the shape memory polymer; shape memory polymer and deformed to provide stimulation. 在施加所述刺激时,作用剂可以从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 Upon application of the stimulus, the agent can be released from the shape memory polymer. 该方法可以进一步包括提供亲水基质,由此作用剂在从形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与亲水基质反应。 The method may further comprise providing a hydrophilic matrix, whereby the agent is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix upon release from a shape memory polymer.

[0040] 在一些实施例中,提供刺激可以包括:升温、降温、将所述包装暴露于紫外线(UV) 光、将所述包装暴露于红外线(IR)光、改变磁场、改变PH、改变离子浓度、改变水浓度、改变电场或其组合。 [0040] In some embodiments, may provide a stimulus comprising: a heating and cooling, the package is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, the package is exposed to infrared (IR) light, changing the magnetic field, change PH, altered ionic concentration, water concentration changes, changing the electric field, or combinations thereof. 在一些实施例中,提供使形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激可以导致形状变化。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer provided that the stimulation may result in deformation of the shape change.

[0041 ] 示例 [0041] Example

[0042] 示例1:冷却装饰性食物包装 [0042] Example 1: Cooling decorative food packaging

[0043]制备食物包装,其中氯化钾布置在花蕾状的聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯基质内。 [0043] Preparation of food packaging, wherein the potassium chloride bud-like arranged within a polyester urethane matrix. 在暴露于20°C的目标温度时,花蕾突然打开而将氯化钾释放到具有羟丙基纤维素的亲水凝胶基质中。 When exposed to the target temperature of 20 ° C, the buds opened suddenly to release potassium chloride having a hydrophilic gel matrix of hydroxypropyl cellulose. 期望氯化钾与羟丙基纤维素之间发生吸热反应来冷却食物。 Desired endothermic reaction between potassium chloride and hydroxypropyl cellulose to cool the food. 突然释放可以在购买和从冰箱中移除之后发生。 The sudden release may occur after the purchase and removal from the refrigerator.

[0044] 示例2:嗅觉温补食物包装 [0044] Example 2: Warming smell food packaging

[0045]面食食物(pasta dish)被布置在双层塑料托盘中,该双层塑料托盘具有设置在两个塑料层之间的、由交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙类6接枝共聚物构成的形状记忆聚合物。 [0045] Food pasta (pasta dish) is disposed in a plastic tray bilayer, the bilayer having a plastic tray disposed between two plastic layers, crosslinked polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 grafted copolymer composed of a shape memory polymer. 由羟丙基纤维素构成的亲水基质设置在形状记忆聚合物上方的层中,硫酸钙、柠檬香茅芳香剂、以及加压的二氧化碳胶囊设置在所述形状记忆聚合物的下方。 Hydrophilic matrix composed of a set of hydroxypropyl cellulose layer over the shape memory polymer, calcium sulfate, lemon grass fragrance, and the pressurized carbon dioxide capsule is disposed below the shape memory polymer. 在微波加热过程中,形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化到一个临时形状,并且硫酸钙被释放到亲水基质中。 During microwave heating, the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape to a temporary shape, and calcium sulfate is released into the hydrophilic matrix. 硫酸钙和羟基纤维素被希望发生放热反应以使食物保持温暖的温度。 Calcium sulphate and hydroxyl cellulose is exothermic reaction desired to keep food warm temperatures. 突发释放还释放出柠檬香茅的香味,和由于加压的二氧化碳胶囊的释放而弹出(噼里啪啦)的噪声,以促进消费者的愉悦的感官体验。 Burst release further fragrance released lemongrass, and due to the release of the pressurized carbon dioxide and eject the capsule (crackling) noise, in order to promote consumer pleasant sensory experience.

[0046] 示例3:热检测包装 [0046] Example 3: thermal detection Packaging

[0047]硝酸铵布置在高抗冲聚苯乙烯中的包装用于食物的储存和运输。 [0047] Ammonium nitrate is arranged in the high impact polystyrene packaging for storing and transporting food. 在储存和运输期间,当达到40°C的目标温度时,吸热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水基质中,从而冷却包装的内容物。 During storage and transportation, when the target temperature is reached of 40 ° C, the endothermic agent is released into the hydrophilic matrix is ​​hydroxypropyl methylcellulose having, thereby cooling the contents of the package. 高抗冲聚苯乙烯的形状变化也可通知接受者遭遇过度储存温度。 High impact polystyrene shape change may also inform the recipient encounters excessive storage temperature.

[0048] 示例4:加热食物包装 [0048] Example 4: heating the food package

[0049] 制备硫酸镁布置在形状记忆聚合物中的食品包装。 Preparation of [0049] magnesium sulfate and disposed shape memory polymer in food packaging. 形状记忆聚合物包括偶氮苯。 Shape memory polymers include azobenzene. 如购买食物产品的过程中,通过将激光扫描器(红外线光)指向包装来释放硫酸镁。 Such as the purchase of food products in the process, the laser scanner (infrared light) package by pointing to release magnesium sulfate. 红外线光将引起硫酸镁猝发释放到具有聚环氧乙烷的亲水凝胶基质中,并且硫酸镁和聚环氧乙烷预期发生放热反应来加热食物。 Infrared light will cause the magnesium to a burst release of polyethylene oxide having a hydrophilic gel matrix, and polyethylene oxide and magnesium expected exothermic reaction to heat the food.

[0050] 示例5:变色碗 [0050] Example 5: discoloration Bowl

[0051 ] -碗包括具有着色剂的螺旋盘绕聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯(polyesterurethane),所述着色剂用来指示热食物已经冷却到足以放心地吃。 [0051] - a bowl comprising a colorant having a spiral wound polyester urethane (polyesterurethane), a colorant to indicate the hot food has cooled enough to safely eat. 加热如汤的热食物之后,汤放置在碗,聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯开始将着色剂释放到碗内的周边凝胶基质而使所述碗变色,指示何时汤足够冷却来安全地喝。 After heating hot food such as soup, the soup is placed in the bowl, the polyester urethane coloring agent is released to start the bowl of the bowl surrounding the gel matrix color, indicating when the soup was cooled enough to safely drink. 螺旋盘绕聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯释放着色剂的展开可在示例4进行说明。 Spiral wound polyester urethane expands to release the colorant will be described in Example 4. 图4A-4D示出了响应于温度升高的聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯(聚(e-己内酯)二甲基丙烯酸酯)从螺旋结构到临时大致直的结构的热致过渡(Behl等,31^。6]\^111〇^?〇171116^311(13113卩6-Changing Polymers,Advances in Polymer Science,¥〇1.226,2010,卩卩.1_40)。图4厶描绘了呈螺丝锥状螺旋形状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,该形状记忆聚合物如图4B所示缓慢地展开。图4C是弯曲管状,描绘了如图4D所示展开而形成直的、固定的管状形状的形状记忆聚合物变形的进一步阶段。 Figures 4A-4D illustrate an amino group in response to a rise in temperature of polyester urethane (poly (e- caprolactone) dimethacrylate) from the helical configuration to a substantially straight temporary thermally induced structural transitions (Behl et , 31 .6 ^] \ ^ 111〇 ^? ^ 〇171116 311 (13113 Jie 6-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, ¥ 〇1.226,2010, Jie Jie .1_40). FIG. 4 depicts a Si screw was tapered spiral shaped shape memory polymer, when exposed to a stimulus, the shape memory polymer to expand as shown in FIG. 4B slowly. FIG. 4C is a curved tubular shape shown in Figure 4D depicts the unfolded form a straight, tubular fixed stage shape memory polymer further deformed shape.

[0052]在聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯中,聚酯切换链段,如聚(e_己内酯)二甲基丙烯酸酯的临时固定,可以引起形状变化;而聚氨酯提供硬链段。 [0052] In the polyester polyurethane, the polyester switching segment, the temporary fixing such as poly (E_ caprolactone) dimethacrylate, and can cause a change in shape; and providing a polyurethane hard segment. 低聚(e_己内酯)链段是切换链段。 Oligo (E_ caprolactone) segment is a switching segment. 转变温度Ttrans是低聚(e-己内酯)链段的熔化温度1"。弹性是由软的、无定形聚(二甲基)结构域提供。第二临时形状由外部应力施加给聚合物,引起聚合物的变形。临时形状保持,直至成型体暴露于适当的刺激,诱导原始形状的恢复。 Ttrans transition temperature is the melting temperature of the oligo (e- caprolactone) segment 1. "Elasticity of soft, amorphous poly (dimethyl) domain to provide second temporary shape by the external stress is applied to the polymer , causing deformation of the polymer. retaining temporary shape until the shaped body is exposed to the appropriate stimulus, induced by restoring the original shape.

[0053] 示例6:热检测包装 [0053] Example 6: Package thermal detection

[0054] 图5A-5C示出了形状记忆聚合物从临时棒状热致过渡到永久螺丝锥状螺旋(Behl 等,Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science,Vol. 226,2010,pp. 1-40)。 [0054] FIGS. 5A-5C shows the shape memory polymer rod-shaped heat induced transition from the temporary to the permanent helical tapered screw (Behl et, Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, Vol. 226,2010, pp. 1-40). 图5A示出了形状记忆聚合物处于其临时棒状的形状,其在暴露于温度的上升时,如图5B所示,开始向内卷曲,如在图5C中看到的,产生了永久螺丝锥形状。 5A shows a shape memory polymer in its temporary shape of a rod, which, when exposed to a temperature rise, shown in Figure 5B, the start curl inwardly, as seen in FIG. 5C, produces permanent corkscrew shape. 恢复过程在60°C下用了35秒。 Recovery process with 35 seconds at 60 ° C. 随着形状记忆聚合物向内卷曲,吸热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水性基质中,从而冷却包装的内容物。 As the shape memory polymer inwardly curled endothermic agent is released into the hydrophilic matrix is ​​hydroxypropyl methylcellulose having, thereby cooling the contents of the package. 形状记忆聚合物的形状变化也可通知接受者遭遇过度储存温度。 The shape change of the shape memory polymer may also inform the recipient encounters excessive storage temperature.

[0055] 示例6:磁感应包装 [0055] Example 6: magnetic induction Packaging

[0056]图9A-9E示出了由脂肪族聚醚聚氨酯(TFX)和10%重量的磁性纳米颗粒构成的复合物的螺丝锥状螺旋的磁感应开卷(Behl等,Soft Matter,Actively Moving Polymers, 2007,3:58-67) jehl公开了在交变磁场中热诱导形状记忆效应的远程致动在形状记忆热塑性塑料和磁性纳米颗粒的复合物中实现。 [0056] Figures 9A-9E illustrate an aliphatic polyether polyurethanes (TFX) and screws tapered helical magnetic nanoparticles constituting 10% by weight of the composite magnetic induction unwinding (Behl et, Soft Matter, Actively Moving Polymers, 2007,3: 58-67) jehl discloses an alternating magnetic field in the thermally induced shape memory effect actuated remotely implemented and shape memory thermoplastic composite magnetic nanoparticles. 在Behl中,纳米颗粒在交变磁场中(f = 258kHz, H=30kA m21)的感应加热升高了样本的温度。 In Behl, the nanoparticles in the alternating magnetic field (f = 258kHz, H = 30kA m21) of the induction heating raises the temperature of the sample. 热塑性材料由任一可生物降解的多段共聚物(PDC),与作为硬链段的聚(对-二恶烷酮)和作为切换链段的聚(e-己内酯)组成,或由来自甲基双(P-环己基异氰酸酯)、丁二醇和四氢呋喃的脂肪族聚醚聚氨酯(TFX)组成。 The thermoplastic material of any one of biodegradable multi-block copolymer (the PDC), and a poly (p - dioxanone) as a hard segment and a poly (e- caprolactone) segment composed of the switching, or from the methyl bis (the P-cyclohexyl isocyanate), butanediol and tetrahydrofuran, aliphatic polyether polyurethanes (TFX) composition. 在二氧化硅基质中的铁(III)氧化物磁芯的磁纳米颗粒被并入在两种聚合物中。 Silica matrix iron (III) oxide cores of magnetic nanoparticles are incorporated in both polymers. 虽然TFX具有非晶切换相,但是roc具有可结晶的切换链段。 Although switching TFX has an amorphous phase, but having a crystalline roc switching segment. 形状记忆作用可在两个样本中通过暴露于交变磁场而被触发。 By the shape memory effect in the two samples exposed to a triggered alternating magnetic field. 间接加热样本的R r值相当于环境温度已经升高的样本。 Indirect heating of the sample R r corresponds to the value of the ambient temperature has risen samples. 随着复合物开卷,放热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水基质中,从而加热包装的内容物。 With the composite unwinding, the exothermic agent is released into the hydrophilic matrix is ​​hydroxypropyl methylcellulose having, thereby heating the contents of the package.

[0057] 示例8:带有增强香味的汤包装 [0057] Example 8: package with enhanced flavor soup

[0058] 汤容器包括涂覆在容器内侧的挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉。 [0058] Tang container comprises extrusion coated with potato starch in the inside of the container. 随着汤被加热,挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉卷曲并从容器的壁剥离,露出并且释放位于淀粉涂层下方的精油,增强汤的香气。 As the soup is heated, extruded potato starch curled and peeled from the molded wall of the container, located below the oil is exposed and the release coating of starch, enhancing the aroma of soup. 图6示出了挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉从螺旋形到平坦形状的形状变化特性(Sjong, Chaunier,L.,Lourdin,S.,The shape memory of starch,Starch/Starke 61(2009)116-118)。 Figure 6 shows a shaped extruded potato starch from a flat shape to a spiral shape change characteristic (Sjong, Chaunier, L., Lourdin, S., The shape memory of starch, Starch / Starke 61 (2009) 116-118 ). 可食的聚合物在初始温度下以螺旋形状开始,并且在温度升高之后经过温度下降的循环而返回其初始温度。 Edible polymers spiral shape begins at an initial temperature, and the temperature drop through the loop and returns to its original temperature after the temperature rise. 温度变化导致可食聚合物在循环完成之后从螺旋形状切换成平坦形状。 Temperature variation from the edible polymer is switched into a flat spiral shape shape after the cycle is complete. 当经过另一温度变化循环时,可食聚合物从平坦形状切换返回到螺旋形状。 When after further temperature cycling, the edible polymer to return from the flattened shape changing spiral shape.

[0059] 本公开不限于本文所描述的特定实施例,这些实施例意在各方面的示例。 [0059] The present disclosure is not limited to the specific embodiments described herein, examples of these embodiments are intended in all respects. 在不偏离其精神和范围的情况下能够做出多种改进和变型,这对于本领域技术人员而言是显而易见的。 Without departing from the spirit and scope thereof can make various modifications and variations which will be apparent to those skilled in the art. 通过前面的说明,除了本文所列举的那些之外,在本公开的范围内的功能上等同的方法和装置对于本领域技术人员而言将是显而易见的。 By the foregoing description, in addition to those enumerated herein, a method and apparatus are functionally equivalent within the scope of the present disclosure to those skilled in the art will be apparent. 旨在使这些改进和变型落在所附权利要求书的范围内。 It intended that these modifications and variations fall within the scope of the appended claims the. 本公开仅受所附权利要求书以及这些权利要求所给予权利的等同方案的整个范围所限制。 The present disclosure is only the claims of these claims and the full range of equivalents given to claim limited by the appended claims. 应当理解的是,本公开不限于特定的方法、试剂、化合物组成或生物系统, 当然这些会变化。 It should be understood that the present disclosure is not limited to particular methods, reagents, compounds compositions or biological systems, which of course vary. 还应理解的是,本文所使用的术语是仅仅是为了描述特定实施例的目的, 而不意在限制。 It should also be understood that the terminology used herein is used only for the purpose of describing particular embodiments, and not intended to be limiting.

[0060] 关于本文中基本上任何复数和/或单数术语的使用,本领域技术人员能够根据上下文和/或应用适当地从复数变换成单数和/或从单数变换成复数。 [0060] herein on substantially any plural and / or singular terms herein, those skilled in the art based on context and / or application suitably converted from the plural to the singular and / or from the singular to the plural conversion. 为了清晰的目的,本文中明确地阐明了各单数/复数的置换。 For purposes of clarity, this article clearly illustrates the replacement of various singular / plural.

[0061]本领域技术人员将理解,一般地,本文所使用的术语,尤其是随附权利要求(例如, 随附权利要求的主体)中所使用的术语,通常意在为"开放式"术语(例如,术语"包括"应当解释为"包括但不限于",术语"具有"应解释为"至少具有",术语"包含"应解释为"包含但不限于",等等)。 [0061] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, in general, terms used herein, particularly in the appended claims (e.g., the body of the appended claims) the term used, are generally intended as "open" terms (e.g., the term "comprising" should be interpreted as "including but not limited to," the term "having" should be interpreted as "having at least," the term "includes" should be interpreted as "includes but is not limited to," etc.). 本领域技术人员还理解,如果意图表达引导性权利要求记述项的具体数量, 该意图将明确地记述在权利要求中,并且在不存在这种记述的情况下,不存在这样的意图。 Those skilled in the art will also be appreciated, if expression of intent introduced claim recitation specific number, the intent will be explicitly recited in the claim, and in the absence of this description, such intent is present. 例如,为辅助理解,下面的随附权利要求可能包含了引导性短语"至少一个"和"一个或多个"的使用以引导权利要求记述项。 For example, as an aid to understanding, to introduce claim recitations as claimed in the appended claims may include the following introductory phrases "at least one" and "one or more". 然而,这种短语的使用不应解释为暗指不定冠词"一"或"一个"引导权利要求记述项将包含该所引导的权利要求记述项的任何特定权利要求局限于仅包含一个该记述项的实施例,即使当同一权利要求包括了引导性短语"一个或多个"或"至少一个"以及诸如"一"或"一个"的不定冠词(例如,"一"和/或"一个"应当解释为表示"至少一个"或"一个或多个");这同样适用于对于用于引导权利要求记述项的定冠词的使用。 However, the use of such phrases should not be construed to imply that the indefinite article "a" or "an" to introduce claim recitations, the guided claimed in claim any particular claim containing recitation of the claims is limited to a description comprising example item, even when the same claim includes the introductory phrases "one or more" or "at least one" and as "a" or "an" indefinite articles (e.g., "a" and / or "an "it should be interpreted to mean" at least one "or" one or more "); the same applies to the guide for the use of definite articles as claimed in claim recitation. 另外,即使明确地记述了被引导的权利要求记述项的具体数量,本领域技术人员将理解到这些记述项应当解释为至少表示所记述的数量(例如,没有其它修饰语的裸记述"两个记述项"表示至少两个记述项或两个以上的记述项)。 Further, even if the claim expressly described specific number of an introduced claim recitation, those skilled in the art will appreciate that such recitation should be interpreted as representing at least the number of written (e.g., no bare described other Modifiers "two recitations, "means at least two recitations, or two or more recitations). 此外,在使用类似于"A、B和C等中的至少一个"的惯用法的那些实例中,通常这样的构造旨在表达本领域技术人员理解该惯用法的含义(例如,"具有A、B和C中的至少一个的系统"将包括但不限于仅具有A、仅具有B、仅具有C、具有A和B、具有A和C、具有B和C、和/或具有A、B和C等等的系统)。 Further, "at least one of A, B and C, etc." in those instances where the usage analogous, in general such a construction is intended in the art would understand the convention (e.g., "with A, B and C at least one system "would include but are not limited to have only a, only B, only C, with a and B, with a and C, with B and are C, and / or a, B, and C together, etc.). 在使用类似于"A、B或C等中的至少一个"的惯用法的那些实例中,通常这样的构造旨在表达本领域技术人员理解该惯用法的含义(例如,"具有A、B或C中的至少一个的系统"将包括但不限于仅具有A、仅具有B、仅具有C、具有A和B、具有A和C、具有B和C、和/或具有A、B和C等等的系统)。 In the "at least one of A, B, or C" in those instances where usage is analogous, in general such a construction is intended in the art would understand the convention (e.g., "A, B, or at least one system C "would include but are not limited to having only a, only B, only C, with a and B, with a and C, with B and are C, and / or a, B, and C, etc. and other systems). 本领域技术人员将进一步理解,呈现两个以上可选项的几乎任何分离词和/或短语,无论是在说明书、权利要求或附图中,都应理解为设想包括一项、任一项或两项的可能性。 Those skilled in the art will be further understood that virtually any disjunctive word presented and / or phrase presenting two or more alternative terms, whether in the description, claims, or drawings, should be understood to include one contemplated, any one or two the possibility of entry. 例如,术语"A或B"将理解为包括"A"或"B"或"A和B"的可能性。 For example, the term "A or B" will be understood to include the possibility of "A" or "B" or "A and B" is.

[0062]另外,在根据马库什组(Markush group)描述本公开的特征或方案的情况下,本领域技术人员将理解的是本公开也因此以马库什组的任何独立成员或成员的子组来描述。 [0062] Further, in the case where features or aspects of the present disclosure in terms of Markush groups (Markush group) description, those skilled in the art will understand that the present disclosure is also thereby any individual member or members of the Markush group subgroups described. [0063]本领域技术人员将理解的是,为了任何以及全部的目的,诸如在提供所撰写的说明书方面,本文所公开的全部范围也涵盖了任何和全部的可能的子范围及其子范围的组合。 [0063] Those skilled in the art will understand that, for any and all purposes, such as in terms of providing a written description, all ranges disclosed herein also encompass any and all possible subranges and subranges combination. 能够容易地认识到任何所列范围都充分地描述了同一范围并且使同一范围分解成至少均等的一半、三分之一、四分之一、五分之一、十分之一等等。 Can easily recognize Any listed range are fully described in the same range and the same range being broken down into at least equal half,,,, one third to one quarter of five to ten, and so on. 作为非限制示例,本文所论述的每个范围能够容易地分解成下三分之一、中三分之一和上三分之一,等等。 As a non-limiting example, each range discussed herein can be readily broken down into a lower third, middle third and upper third, and so on. 本领域技术人员还将理解的是,诸如"多达"、"至少"等所有的语言包括所记述的数量并且是指如上文所论述的随后能够分解成子范围的范围。 Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that terms such as "up to," "at least," and the like include the number of languages ​​and described means as discussed above can be subsequently broken down into subranges. 最后,本领域技术人员将理解的是,范围包括每个独立的成员。 Finally, those skilled in the art will understand that a range includes each individual member. 因此,例如,具有1-3个单元的组是指具有1个、2个或3个单元的组。 Thus, for example, a group having 1-3 cells refers to groups having 1, 2, or 3 cells. 类似地,具有1-5个单元的组是指具有1个、2个、3个、4个、或5个单元的组,等等。 Similarly, a group having 1-5 cells refers to one, two, three, four, or group having 5 cells, and so on.

[0064] 通过前面的论述,将理解到本文已经为了示例的目的描述了本公开的各实施例, 并且可以在不偏离本公开的范围和精神的情况下进行各种改进。 [0064] By the foregoing discussion, it will be understood for purposes of example herein has been described with various embodiments of the present disclosure, and that various modifications may be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the present disclosure. 因此,本文所公开的各个实施例不意在限制,真正的范围和精神是通过随附的权利要求表示的。 Accordingly, various embodiments disclosed herein are not intended to be limiting, the true scope and spirit of the appended claims are by representation.

Claims (87)

  1. 1. 一种包装,包括: 布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放所述作用剂。 1. A package, comprising: a shape memory polymer disposed in at least one agent, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation of the agent.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的包装,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 2. The package of claim 1, wherein said release agent in a burst manner is released from the shape memory polymer.
  3. 3. 如权利要求错误! Claim Error! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、 加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 Packaging according to Reference source not found, wherein the agent comprises a cooling agent, a fragrance, a heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, medicaments, noise generation or combinations thereof.
  4. 4. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 4. Error claimed in claim! Reference source of the package is not found, wherein the agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, a salt capable of an endothermic reaction, when the oil is dissolved in water, pressurized carbon dioxide, or combinations thereof.
  5. 5. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化锂、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、 硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、氯化钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 5. The package of Claim error of the reference source not found, wherein the agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following:! Nitrate, lithium chloride, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, phosphate sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
  6. 6. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 6. The package of Claim error of the reference source not found, wherein the agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following:! Lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium sulfate, calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
  7. 7. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油,桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油,荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油, 小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油, 薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜 7. The package of claim error of the reference source not found, wherein the agent comprises oils selected from the following:! Agar oil, clary celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, balsam oil , basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil, cistus oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry film sedge, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil , goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, lime, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, honey 蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷,芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏, 罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 Melissa oil, mint oil, mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, orris oil, Palo St., Europe parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil, Haiti's oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil , sage oil, sassafras oil, cedar oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, spikenard, spruce, anise oil, tangerine, tarragon oil, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian grass, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
  8. 8. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸, 淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉), 聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 Error claimed in claim 8! Reference source of the package is not found, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether polyurethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl-2-oxazoline), a poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, crosslinked polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans-polyisoprene pentadiene, crosslinked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate-based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, an alkenyl thio group polymer, segmented polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate), or a copolymer comprising dodecanedioic acid and sebacic acid monomer bile acid based polyester, or combinations thereof .
  9. 9. 如权利要求错误! As claimed in claim 9. Error! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 Packaging according to Reference source not found, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer.
  10. 10. 如权利要求错误! As claimed in claim 10. Error! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100%至约1000%的形状恢复比率。 Packaging according to Reference source not found, wherein the shape memory polymer has from about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery rate.
  11. 11. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述刺激包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、 电场变化或其组合。 11. The ion concentration in Error claim! Reference source of the package is not found, wherein the stimulation comprises a temperature increase, temperature decrease, an ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, changes, changes in water concentration, change in electric field, or combinations thereof.
  12. 12. 如权利要求错误! As claimed in claim 12. Error! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于所述刺激而经历形状变化以释放所述作用剂。 Packaging according to Reference source not found, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted in response to the stimuli undergo a change in shape to release the agent.
  13. 13. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 13. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein said shape change is reversible.
  14. 14. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 14. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein said change in shape from a flat shape to a curved shape.
  15. 15. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 15. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein said change in shape from the tubular shape to a spiral shape.
  16. 16. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 16. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein the shape change shape from a flat shape to crimp.
  17. 17. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 17. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
  18. 18. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 18. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to the open configuration.
  19. 19. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 19. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein said change in shape is a contraction of the shape memory polymer.
  20. 20. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 20. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is a rupture of the at least partially.
  21. 21. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 21. A package as claimed in claim 12, wherein said change in shape such that the agent comprises a capsule rupture, the capsule is formed from the shape memory polymer.
  22. 22. 如权利要求错误! As claimed in claim 22. Error! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 Packaging according to Reference source not found, wherein the shape memory polymer is coated with a sealant.
  23. 23. 如权利要求22所述的包装,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 23. A package as claimed in claim 22, wherein when the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape, the sealant crushing.
  24. 24. 如权利要求22所述的包装,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 24. A package as claimed in claim 22, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), an amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
  25. 25. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂被封装。 Error claimed in claim 25.! Reference source of the package is not found, wherein the agent is encapsulated.
  26. 26. 如权利要求1所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物布置在亲水基质内,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 26. The package of claim 1 whereby the agent reacts with the hydrophilic matrix when released from the shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is disposed in a hydrophilic matrix, .
  27. 27. 如权利要求26所述的包装,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 27. The package of claim 26 wherein the agent reacts with the hydrophilic matrix in the heat release process requirements.
  28. 28. 如权利要求26所述的包装,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 28. The package of claim 26 wherein the agent reacts with the hydrophilic matrix in an endothermic process requirements.
  29. 29. 如权利要求1所述的包装,构造为保存食物或饮料。 29. A package according to claim 1, configured to hold a food or beverage.
  30. 30. -种制作包装的方法,所述方法包括: 将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放所述作用剂。 30. - The method of fabricating a package, the method comprising: at least one active agent is disposed within a shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation of the agent.
  31. 31. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放。 31. The method according to claim 30, wherein the agent is released from the shape memory polymer to release a burst manner.
  32. 32. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或可视辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 32. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises a cooling agent, a fragrance, a heating agent, a visual indicator or a visual aid, an antimicrobial agent, a drug, pharmaceutical agent, or a combination thereof is formed noise.
  33. 33. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 33. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, capable of endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, salt, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide or combination.
  34. 34. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 34. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium , calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
  35. 35. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、氯化钠、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、 山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 35. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following: ammonium nitrate, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, sulfur potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol alcohols, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
  36. 36. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油, 桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油, 荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷 36. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises essential oils selected from the following: agar oil, clary celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, balsam oil, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil , rock rose oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry film Shakespeare grass, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, green lemon, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint ,山香薄荷, 芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 , Mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, orris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil , perilla oil, Haiti's oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, cedar oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, spikenard, spruce, anise oil, tangerine, tarragon oil, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil , ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
  37. 37. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 37. The method according to claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether polyurethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2- -2-oxazoline), a poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, crosslinked polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans-polyisoprene, cross linked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate-based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, thio-based polymer, block polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate), or a copolymer comprising dodecanedioic acid and sebacic acid monomer bile acid based polyester, or combinations thereof.
  38. 38. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 38. The method according to claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer.
  39. 39. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100 %至约1000 %的形状恢复比率。 39. The method according to claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer has from about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery rate.
  40. 40. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述刺激包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、电场变化或其组合。 40. The method according to claim 30, wherein said stimulus comprises a temperature increase, temperature decrease, an ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, changes in ion concentration, water concentration , change in electric field, or combinations thereof.
  41. 41. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于所述刺激而经历形状变化以释放所述作用剂。 41. The method according to claim 30, wherein said shape memory polymer is adapted in response to the stimuli undergo a change in shape to release the agent.
  42. 42. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 42. The method according to claim 41, wherein said shape change is reversible.
  43. 43. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 43. The method according to claim 41, wherein said change in shape from a flat shape to a curved shape.
  44. 44. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 44. The method according to claim 41, wherein said change in shape from the tubular shape to a spiral shape.
  45. 45. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 45. The method according to claim 41, wherein the shape change shape from a flat shape to crimp.
  46. 46. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 46. ​​The method according to claim 41, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
  47. 47. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 47. The method according to claim 41, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to the open configuration.
  48. 48. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 48. The method according to claim 41, wherein said change in shape is a contraction of the shape memory polymer.
  49. 49. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 49. The method according to claim 41, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is a rupture of the at least partially.
  50. 50. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 50. The method according to claim 41, wherein said change in shape such that the agent comprises a capsule rupture, the capsule is formed from the shape memory polymer.
  51. 51. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 51. The method according to claim 30, wherein said shape memory polymer is coated with a sealant.
  52. 52. 如权利要求51所述的方法,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 52. A method according to claim 51, wherein when the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape, the sealant crushing.
  53. 53. 如权利要求51所述的方法,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 53. A method according to claim 51, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), an amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
  54. 54. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂被封装。 54. A method according to claim 30, wherein said agent is encapsulated.
  55. 55. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物布置在亲水基质内,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 55. The method according to claim 30, wherein said shape memory polymer is disposed in a hydrophilic matrix, whereby the agent reacts with the hydrophilic matrix when released from the shape memory polymer .
  56. 56. 如权利要求55所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 56. The method according to claim 55, wherein said agent is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix in the heat release process.
  57. 57. 如权利要求55所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 57. The method according to claim 55, wherein said agent is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix in an endothermic process.
  58. 58. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述包装构造为保存食物或饮料。 58. The method according to claim 30, wherein the package is configured for the preservation of food or beverage.
  59. 59. -种使用包装的方法,所述方法包括: 提供包装,所述包装包括布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂;以及提供使所述形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激,由此所述作用剂从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 59. - The method of use of packaging types, said method comprising: providing a package, the package is arranged in the at least one agent comprises a shape memory polymer; and providing a stimulus to make the deformation of the shape memory polymer, thereby the said agent is released from the shape memory polymer.
  60. 60. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 60. The method according to claim 59, wherein said release agent in a burst manner is released from the shape memory polymer.
  61. 61. 如权利要求59所述的方法,进一步包括提供亲水基质,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 61. The method according to claim 59, further comprising providing a hydrophilic matrix, whereby the agent and the hydrophilic substrate reaction when released from the shape memory polymer.
  62. 62. 如权利要求61所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 62. The method according to claim 61, wherein said agent is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix in the heat release process.
  63. 63. 如权利要求61所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 63. The method according to claim 61, wherein said agent is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix in an endothermic process.
  64. 64. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 64. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent comprises a cooling agent, a fragrance, a heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, medicaments, noise generation or combinations thereof.
  65. 65. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 65. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, capable of endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, salt, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide or combination.
  66. 66. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 66. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an exothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium , calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
  67. 67. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、氯化钠、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、 山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 67. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent comprises a salt capable of undergoing an endothermic reaction when dissolved in water, said salt is selected from the following: ammonium nitrate, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, sulfur potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol alcohols, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
  68. 68. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油, 桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油, 荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷 68. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent comprises essential oils selected from the following: agar oil, clary celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, balsam oil, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil , rock rose oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry film Shakespeare grass, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, green lemon, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint ,山香薄荷, 芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 , Mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, orris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil , perilla oil, Haiti's oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, cedar oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, spikenard, spruce, anise oil, tangerine, tarragon oil, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil , ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
  69. 69. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6的接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 69. A method according to claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether polyurethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2- -2-oxazoline), a poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, cross-linked polyethylene, and polyethylene / nylon 6, the graft copolymer, trans-polyisoprene, cross linked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate-based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, thio-based polymer, block polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate), or a copolymer comprising dodecanedioic acid and sebacic acid monomer bile acid based polyester, or combinations thereof.
  70. 70. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 70. The method according to claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer.
  71. 71. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100 %至约1000 %的形状恢复比率。 71. A method according to claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer has from about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery rate.
  72. 72. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中提供刺激包括升温、降温、将所述包装暴露于紫外线(UV)光、将所述包装暴露于红外线(IR)光、改变磁场、改变pH、改变离子浓度、改变水浓度、改变电场或其组合。 72. The method according to claim 59, wherein the stimulation comprises providing heating, cooling, the package is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, the package is exposed to infrared (IR) light, changing the magnetic field, changing the pH, changing the ion concentration, water concentration changes, changing the electric field, or combinations thereof.
  73. 73. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中提供刺激以使所述形状记忆聚合物变形,导致形状变化。 73. The method according to claim 59, wherein said providing a stimulus to cause deformation of the shape memory polymer, resulting in a change in shape.
  74. 74. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 74. The method according to claim 73, wherein said shape change is reversible.
  75. 75. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 75. A method according to claim 73, wherein said change in shape from a flat shape to a curved shape.
  76. 76. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 76. The method according to claim 73, wherein said change in shape from the tubular shape to a spiral shape.
  77. 77. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 77. The method according to claim 73, wherein the shape change shape from a flat shape to crimp.
  78. 78. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 78. The method according to claim 73, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
  79. 79. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 79. The method according to claim 73, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to the open configuration.
  80. 80. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 80. The method according to claim 73, wherein said change in shape is a contraction of the shape memory polymer.
  81. 81. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 81. The method according to claim 73, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is a rupture of the at least partially.
  82. 82. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 82. The method according to claim 73, wherein said change in shape such that the agent comprises a capsule rupture, the capsule is formed from the shape memory polymer.
  83. 83. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 83. The method according to claim 59, wherein said shape memory polymer is coated with a sealant.
  84. 84. 如权利要求83所述的方法,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 84. The method according to claim 83, wherein when the shape memory polymer undergoes a change in shape, the sealant crushing.
  85. 85. 如权利要求83所述的方法,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 85. The method according to claim 83, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), an amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
  86. 86. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂被封装。 86. The method according to claim 59, wherein said agent is encapsulated.
  87. 87. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述包装构造为保存食物或饮料。 87. The method according to claim 59, wherein the package is configured for the preservation of food or beverage.
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