CN105552814A - High-voltage circuit deicing platform - Google Patents

High-voltage circuit deicing platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105552814A
CN105552814A CN201510953123.1A CN201510953123A CN105552814A CN 105552814 A CN105552814 A CN 105552814A CN 201510953123 A CN201510953123 A CN 201510953123A CN 105552814 A CN105552814 A CN 105552814A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tension line
traveling wave
equipment
layer thickness
trigger
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510953123.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭冬青
Original Assignee
彭冬青
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 彭冬青 filed Critical 彭冬青
Priority to CN201510953123.1A priority Critical patent/CN105552814A/en
Publication of CN105552814A publication Critical patent/CN105552814A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G7/00Overhead installations of electric lines or cables
    • H02G7/16Devices for removing snow or ice from lines or cables

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-voltage circuit deicing platform. The high-voltage circuit deicing platform comprises GPS traveling wave detection equipment, ice layer thickness calculation equipment, impact type deicing equipment and a robot body, wherein the robot body walks on the high-voltage circuit; the GPS traveling wave detection equipment is used for determining transmission time difference of a traveling wave signal; the ice layer thickness calculation equipment is connected with the GPS traveling wave detection equipment and used for determining real-time ice layer thickness based on the transmission time difference of the traveling wave signal; and the impact type deicing equipment is used for determining impact type deicing times based on the real-time ice layer thickness. Through the high-voltage circuit deicing platform, the ice layer thickness of the high voltage circuit can be accurately measured by adopting the GPS traveling wave detection way so as to provide reference data for the impact type deicing.

Description

High-tension line disappears ice platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to high-tension line area of maintenance, particularly relate to a kind of high-tension line and to disappear ice platform.
Background technology
High-tension line freezes harm very greatly, needs to carry out deicing process to it.Current, the most frequently used artificial deicing mode too takes time and effort, huge financial burden and manpower burden is brought to power supply management department, and current heating power deicing, mechanical deicing and naturally deice all with certain defect, use cannot be spread out, especially, for mechanical deicing, except plant equipment cannot adapt to complicated high-tension line environment, also lack necessary on-the-spot ice layer thickness checkout equipment and scene and cut icing equipment and carry out deicing support.
Therefore, need a kind of new high-tension line deicing scheme, existing artificial deicing mode can be substituted, adopt mechanical deicing's mode to carry out deicing to whole piece high-tension line, thus reduce artificial participation as much as possible, reduce the operation cost of power supply management department.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a kind of impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector to disappear ice platform, GPS traveling wave detector equipment and ice layer thickness computing equipment is adopted to detect ice layer thickness, adopt and comprise solenoid, rotary ammunition storage barrel, wireless communication interface, the steam-cylinder piston mechanism of combustion chamber and piston rod and trigger deicing is carried out to high-tension line, and with the artificial carrying platform of machine after improvement, complete the automatic de-icing to high-tension line.
According to an aspect of the present invention, provide a kind of impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector to disappear ice platform, described platform comprises GPS traveling wave detector equipment, ice layer thickness computing equipment, impact type disappears icing equipment and robot body, robot body's walking is on high-tension line, GPS traveling wave detector equipment is for determining the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, ice layer thickness computing equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment connection, for determining the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line based on the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, impact type disappears icing equipment for the ice number of times that disappears based on real-time ice layer thickness determination impact type.
More specifically, disappear in ice platform in the described impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector, comprising: line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, be arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting high-tension line in real time because the line length change caused by load; Temperature parameter checkout equipment, is arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting the variations in temperature of high-tension line place environment in real time; GPS traveling wave detector equipment, be arranged on anti-tilt structure, comprise traveling wave sensor, row audiolocator and gps clock, for detecting the transmission time difference of the travelling wave signal produced on high-tension line in real time, traveling wave sensor is for exporting travelling wave signal, row audiolocator is connected respectively with traveling wave sensor and gps clock, based on the transmission time difference of the temporal information determination travelling wave signal that travelling wave signal and gps clock export; Ice layer thickness computing equipment, be arranged in control cabinet, employing fpga chip realizes, be connected respectively with line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, temperature parameter checkout equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment, the transmission time difference based on line length change, variations in temperature and travelling wave signal determines the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line; Steam-cylinder piston mechanism, is mounted on robot body, comprises solenoid, rotary ammunition storage barrel, wireless communication interface, combustion chamber and piston rod; Piston rod top is furnished with beginning clamp, for clamping the ground wire of high-tension line, is connected bottom piston rod with combustion chamber; Bottom of combustion chamber connects rotary ammunition storage barrel; Solenoid and trigger is connected bottom rotary ammunition storage barrel; Trigger, for be pushed to by ammunition in rotary ammunition storage barrel in combustion chamber and to trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode, to produce the shock loading of moment to the ground wire of high-tension line, realizes deicing effect; Solenoid, for promoting trigger, can repeatedly trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode to the promotion of trigger with realization by multiple exercise; Robot body, comprise anti-tilt structure, control cabinet, brshless DC motor, hoisting ring, walking mechanism, retaining mechanism and hold-down mechanism, anti-tilt structure is positioned on the high-tension line of front, control cabinet and brshless DC motor are all positioned at the below of high-tension line, hoisting ring is for being lifted into high-tension line by robot body, walking mechanism and retaining mechanism are all positioned on high-tension line, and hold-down mechanism is positioned at the below of high-tension line; Anti-tilt structure comprises Anti-inclining wheel, set bolt and connecting plate, and connecting plate is taken turns with Anti-inclining respectively and set bolt is connected, and prevents robot body from tilting backwards; Be provided with master control borad and battery in control cabinet, master control borad be integrated with Freescale MC9S12 chip and Wireless Telecom Equipment, Wireless Telecom Equipment is used for setting up two-way wireless communication link with the power supply Operation Server of far-end; Brshless DC motor is connected with the driving wheel of walking mechanism and the contact roller of hold-down mechanism respectively by decelerator; Walking mechanism comprises three V shaped wheels of Timing Belt, Timing Belt strainer, driving wheel and horizontal positioned, driving wheel provides power for three walkings of V shaped wheel on high-tension line, Timing Belt successively through driving wheel, Timing Belt strainer and three V shaped wheels to keep the synchronous walking of three V shaped wheels; Retaining mechanism comprises the monkey wrench, intermediate support, bottom pin member and the U-bolt that are linked in sequence, falls from high-tension line for preventing robot body; Hold-down mechanism is connected with brshless DC motor, comprise contact roller, ratchet, ratchet, back-moving spring and holddown spring, contact roller is V-structure, for compressing the overhead ground wire of high-tension line under the effect of holddown spring, ratchet and ratchet are used for pinning or decontroling contact roller, and back-moving spring is used for being resetted by contact roller when contact roller decontrols; Wherein, Freescale MC9S12 chip is also connected respectively with ice layer thickness computing equipment and solenoid, to receive real-time ice layer thickness, promotes number of times according to real-time ice layer thickness determination trigger, trigger is promoted number of times and to be packaged in deicing instruction and to send to solenoid; Wherein, solenoid receives the deicing instruction that Freescale MC9S12 chip sends, and resolves to obtain trigger and promotes number of times, promote number of times multiple exercise to the promotion of trigger according to trigger to deicing instruction.
More specifically, disappearing in ice platform in the described impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector, also comprise: touch switch transducer, for when touching high-tension line obstacle, sending contact obstacle signal.
More specifically, disappear in ice platform in the described impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector: touch switch transducer is positioned on anti-tilt structure, be electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip.
More specifically, disappear in ice platform in the described impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector, also comprise: infrared sensor, for when apart from 400 millimeters, front high-tension line obstacle, send obstruction forewarning signal.
More specifically, disappear in ice platform in the described impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector: infrared sensor is positioned on anti-tilt structure, be electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present invention are described, wherein:
Fig. 1 is that the impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector illustrated according to an embodiment of the present invention disappears the block diagram of ice platform.
Reference numeral: 1GPS traveling wave detector equipment; 2 ice layer thickness computing equipments; 3 impact types disappear icing equipment; 4 robot bodies
Embodiment
Below with reference to accompanying drawings the disappear embodiment of ice platform of the impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector of the present invention is described in detail.
In prior art, manual type or mechanical system are generally adopted to the freeze process of situation of the high-tension line in power transmission electric network, but, the manpower and materials of the former at substantial, and deicing efficiency is not high, deicing risk factor is high, and the latter lacks efficiently survey icing equipment and automatic de-icing equipment automatically, mechanization degree is not high simultaneously, and cost performance is lower.
In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, the present invention has built a kind of impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector and to have disappeared ice platform, the mode of the capable wave measurement of GPS is adopted to carry out the Electronic measurement of ice layer thickness, the mode of impact type deicing is adopted the ice sheet of high-tension line to be carried out to the repeatedly deicing of controllability, crucially, integrate and optimize the structure of existing robot, enabling to adapt to the complex environment at high-tension line.
Fig. 1 is that the impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector illustrated according to an embodiment of the present invention disappears the block diagram of ice platform, described platform comprises GPS traveling wave detector equipment, ice layer thickness computing equipment, impact type disappears icing equipment and robot body, robot body's walking is on high-tension line, GPS traveling wave detector equipment is for determining the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, ice layer thickness computing equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment connection, for determining the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line based on the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, impact type disappears icing equipment for the ice number of times that disappears based on real-time ice layer thickness determination impact type.
Then, continue to be further detailed the disappear concrete structure of ice platform of the impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector of the present invention.
Described platform comprises: line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, is arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting high-tension line in real time because the line length change caused by load; Temperature parameter checkout equipment, is arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting the variations in temperature of high-tension line place environment in real time.
Described platform comprises: GPS traveling wave detector equipment, be arranged on anti-tilt structure, comprise traveling wave sensor, row audiolocator and gps clock, for detecting the transmission time difference of the travelling wave signal produced on high-tension line in real time, traveling wave sensor is for exporting travelling wave signal, row audiolocator is connected respectively with traveling wave sensor and gps clock, based on the transmission time difference of the temporal information determination travelling wave signal that travelling wave signal and gps clock export.
Described platform comprises: ice layer thickness computing equipment, be arranged in control cabinet, employing fpga chip realizes, be connected respectively with line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, temperature parameter checkout equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment, the transmission time difference based on line length change, variations in temperature and travelling wave signal determines the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line.
Described platform comprises: steam-cylinder piston mechanism, is mounted on robot body, comprises solenoid, rotary ammunition storage barrel, wireless communication interface, combustion chamber and piston rod; Piston rod top is furnished with beginning clamp, for clamping the ground wire of high-tension line, is connected bottom piston rod with combustion chamber; Bottom of combustion chamber connects rotary ammunition storage barrel; Solenoid and trigger is connected bottom rotary ammunition storage barrel; Trigger, for be pushed to by ammunition in rotary ammunition storage barrel in combustion chamber and to trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode, to produce the shock loading of moment to the ground wire of high-tension line, realizes deicing effect; Solenoid, for promoting trigger, can repeatedly trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode to the promotion of trigger with realization by multiple exercise.
Described platform comprises: robot body, comprise anti-tilt structure, control cabinet, brshless DC motor, hoisting ring, walking mechanism, retaining mechanism and hold-down mechanism, anti-tilt structure is positioned on the high-tension line of front, control cabinet and brshless DC motor are all positioned at the below of high-tension line, hoisting ring is for being lifted into high-tension line by robot body, walking mechanism and retaining mechanism are all positioned on high-tension line, and hold-down mechanism is positioned at the below of high-tension line; Anti-tilt structure comprises Anti-inclining wheel, set bolt and connecting plate, and connecting plate is taken turns with Anti-inclining respectively and set bolt is connected, and prevents robot body from tilting backwards.
Be provided with master control borad and battery in control cabinet, master control borad be integrated with Freescale MC9S12 chip and Wireless Telecom Equipment, Wireless Telecom Equipment is used for setting up two-way wireless communication link with the power supply Operation Server of far-end; Brshless DC motor is connected with the driving wheel of walking mechanism and the contact roller of hold-down mechanism respectively by decelerator; Walking mechanism comprises three V shaped wheels of Timing Belt, Timing Belt strainer, driving wheel and horizontal positioned, driving wheel provides power for three walkings of V shaped wheel on high-tension line, Timing Belt successively through driving wheel, Timing Belt strainer and three V shaped wheels to keep the synchronous walking of three V shaped wheels.
Retaining mechanism comprises the monkey wrench, intermediate support, bottom pin member and the U-bolt that are linked in sequence, falls from high-tension line for preventing robot body; Hold-down mechanism is connected with brshless DC motor, comprise contact roller, ratchet, ratchet, back-moving spring and holddown spring, contact roller is V-structure, for compressing the overhead ground wire of high-tension line under the effect of holddown spring, ratchet and ratchet are used for pinning or decontroling contact roller, and back-moving spring is used for being resetted by contact roller when contact roller decontrols.
Wherein, Freescale MC9S12 chip is also connected respectively with ice layer thickness computing equipment and solenoid, to receive real-time ice layer thickness, promotes number of times according to real-time ice layer thickness determination trigger, trigger is promoted number of times and to be packaged in deicing instruction and to send to solenoid; Solenoid receives the deicing instruction that Freescale MC9S12 chip sends, and resolves to obtain trigger and promotes number of times, promote number of times multiple exercise to the promotion of trigger according to trigger to deicing instruction.
Alternatively, in described platform, also comprising: touch switch transducer, for when touching high-tension line obstacle, sending contact obstacle signal; Touch switch transducer is positioned on anti-tilt structure, is electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip; Infrared sensor, for when apart from 400 millimeters, front high-tension line obstacle, sends obstruction forewarning signal; Infrared sensor is positioned on anti-tilt structure, is electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip.
In addition, common in the world de-icing method substantially can be divided into artificial deicing, heating power deicing, mechanical deicing and naturally deice 3 large classes.Manually deicing is carried out by the way of knocking in practice with regard to useful, but the dielectric loss of the icing self also having the excitation by imposing about 33kV, 100kHz to cause, ice-melt can be carried out to icing transmission line.Also has the great current deicing scheme of up-to-date release, as excess current de-icing, short circuit ice-melt etc.
In addition, as everyone knows, this technology is widely used in fields such as modern science and technology, science and techniques of defence and industrial or agricultural science and technology infrared technique.Infra-red sensing system is the measuring system of medium with infrared ray, can be divided into five classes: (1) radiometer, for radiation and spectral measurement according to function; (2) search and tracking system, for search and tracking infrared target, determines its locus and follows the tracks of its motion; (3) thermal imaging system, can produce the distributed image of whole Target Infrared Radiation; (4) infrared distance measurement and communication system; (5) hybrid system, refers to the combination of two or more in above sorts of systems.Infrared sensor can be divided into according to detection mechanism: photon detector (based on photoelectric effect) and thermal detector (based on thermal effect).
The impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector of the present invention is adopted to disappear ice platform, for prior art high-tension line deice mode too backward technology problem, first, improve the structure of existing robot, various severe natural environment and line environment can be adapted to, then the robot carrying electronic type ice sheet checkout equipment and self-adapting deicing equipment in robot body's structure carries out automatic de-icing, and whole process does not need manual operation, thus significantly for power supply management department has saved cost.
Be understandable that, although the present invention with preferred embodiment disclose as above, but above-described embodiment and be not used to limit the present invention.For any those of ordinary skill in the art, do not departing under technical solution of the present invention ambit, the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement all can be utilized to make many possible variations and modification to technical solution of the present invention, or be revised as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.Therefore, every content not departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to technical spirit of the present invention to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, equivalent variations and modification, all still belongs in the scope of technical solution of the present invention protection.

Claims (6)

1. the impact type based on GPS traveling wave detector disappears ice platform, described platform comprises GPS traveling wave detector equipment, ice layer thickness computing equipment, impact type disappear icing equipment and robot body, robot body's walking is on high-tension line, GPS traveling wave detector equipment is for determining the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, ice layer thickness computing equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment connection, for determining the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line based on the transmission time difference of travelling wave signal, impact type disappears icing equipment for the ice number of times that disappears based on real-time ice layer thickness determination impact type.
2. to disappear ice platform based on the impact type of GPS traveling wave detector as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described platform comprises:
Line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, is arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting high-tension line in real time because the line length change caused by load;
Temperature parameter checkout equipment, is arranged on anti-tilt structure, for detecting the variations in temperature of high-tension line place environment in real time;
GPS traveling wave detector equipment, be arranged on anti-tilt structure, comprise traveling wave sensor, row audiolocator and gps clock, for detecting the transmission time difference of the travelling wave signal produced on high-tension line in real time, traveling wave sensor is for exporting travelling wave signal, row audiolocator is connected respectively with traveling wave sensor and gps clock, based on the transmission time difference of the temporal information determination travelling wave signal that travelling wave signal and gps clock export;
Ice layer thickness computing equipment, be arranged in control cabinet, employing fpga chip realizes, be connected respectively with line parameter circuit value checkout equipment, temperature parameter checkout equipment and GPS traveling wave detector equipment, the transmission time difference based on line length change, variations in temperature and travelling wave signal determines the real-time ice layer thickness of high-tension line;
Steam-cylinder piston mechanism, is mounted on robot body, comprises solenoid, rotary ammunition storage barrel, wireless communication interface, combustion chamber and piston rod;
Piston rod top is furnished with beginning clamp, for clamping the ground wire of high-tension line, is connected bottom piston rod with combustion chamber;
Bottom of combustion chamber connects rotary ammunition storage barrel;
Solenoid and trigger is connected bottom rotary ammunition storage barrel;
Trigger, for be pushed to by ammunition in rotary ammunition storage barrel in combustion chamber and to trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode, to produce the shock loading of moment to the ground wire of high-tension line, realizes deicing effect;
Solenoid, for promoting trigger, can repeatedly trigger ammunition in combustion chamber implode to the promotion of trigger with realization by multiple exercise;
Robot body, comprise anti-tilt structure, control cabinet, brshless DC motor, hoisting ring, walking mechanism, retaining mechanism and hold-down mechanism, anti-tilt structure is positioned on the high-tension line of front, control cabinet and brshless DC motor are all positioned at the below of high-tension line, hoisting ring is for being lifted into high-tension line by robot body, walking mechanism and retaining mechanism are all positioned on high-tension line, and hold-down mechanism is positioned at the below of high-tension line;
Anti-tilt structure comprises Anti-inclining wheel, set bolt and connecting plate, and connecting plate is taken turns with Anti-inclining respectively and set bolt is connected, and prevents robot body from tilting backwards;
Be provided with master control borad and battery in control cabinet, master control borad be integrated with Freescale MC9S12 chip and Wireless Telecom Equipment, Wireless Telecom Equipment is used for setting up two-way wireless communication link with the power supply Operation Server of far-end;
Brshless DC motor is connected with the driving wheel of walking mechanism and the contact roller of hold-down mechanism respectively by decelerator;
Walking mechanism comprises three V shaped wheels of Timing Belt, Timing Belt strainer, driving wheel and horizontal positioned, driving wheel provides power for three walkings of V shaped wheel on high-tension line, Timing Belt successively through driving wheel, Timing Belt strainer and three V shaped wheels to keep the synchronous walking of three V shaped wheels;
Retaining mechanism comprises the monkey wrench, intermediate support, bottom pin member and the U-bolt that are linked in sequence, falls from high-tension line for preventing robot body;
Hold-down mechanism is connected with brshless DC motor, comprise contact roller, ratchet, ratchet, back-moving spring and holddown spring, contact roller is V-structure, for compressing the overhead ground wire of high-tension line under the effect of holddown spring, ratchet and ratchet are used for pinning or decontroling contact roller, and back-moving spring is used for being resetted by contact roller when contact roller decontrols;
Wherein, Freescale MC9S12 chip is also connected respectively with ice layer thickness computing equipment and solenoid, to receive real-time ice layer thickness, promotes number of times according to real-time ice layer thickness determination trigger, trigger is promoted number of times and to be packaged in deicing instruction and to send to solenoid;
Wherein, solenoid receives the deicing instruction that Freescale MC9S12 chip sends, and resolves to obtain trigger and promotes number of times, promote number of times multiple exercise to the promotion of trigger according to trigger to deicing instruction.
3. to disappear ice platform based on the impact type of GPS traveling wave detector as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
Touch switch transducer, for when touching high-tension line obstacle, sends contact obstacle signal.
4. to disappear ice platform based on the impact type of GPS traveling wave detector as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that:
Touch switch transducer is positioned on anti-tilt structure, is electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip.
5. to disappear ice platform based on the impact type of GPS traveling wave detector as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
Infrared sensor, for when apart from 400 millimeters, front high-tension line obstacle, sends obstruction forewarning signal.
6. to disappear ice platform based on the impact type of GPS traveling wave detector as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that:
Infrared sensor is positioned on anti-tilt structure, is electrically connected with Freescale MC9S12 chip.
CN201510953123.1A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 High-voltage circuit deicing platform CN105552814A (en)

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CN201510953123.1A CN105552814A (en) 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 High-voltage circuit deicing platform
CN201610121850.6A CN105610112A (en) 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 High-voltage line deicing platform

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CN201610120589.8A Division CN105680395A (en) 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 High-voltage line deicing platform

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN201247941Y (en) * 2008-08-22 2009-05-27 华中电网有限公司 Mechanical vibration type deicer for overhead ground wire
CN101872953A (en) * 2010-06-04 2010-10-27 桂林电子科技大学 Cable mechanical de-icing device
CN201994593U (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-09-28 中国电力科学研究院 Inspection or de-icing robot of power transmission line
CN204085570U (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-01-07 国家电网公司 A kind of icing monitoring scavenge unit being applied to transmission line of electricity
CN204578033U (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-19 长春理工大学 Climbing deicing robot

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