CN105544979A - Formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction and construction method - Google Patents

Formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105544979A
CN105544979A CN201610075655.4A CN201610075655A CN105544979A CN 105544979 A CN105544979 A CN 105544979A CN 201610075655 A CN201610075655 A CN 201610075655A CN 105544979 A CN105544979 A CN 105544979A
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China
Prior art keywords
construction
plate
pcf
pcf plate
rotation angle
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CN201610075655.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄�良
王跃江
高照林
车汪速
唐乐
张万彬
唐文强
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Chengdu No6 Construction Engineering Co
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Chengdu No6 Construction Engineering Co
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Priority to CN201610075655.4A priority Critical patent/CN105544979A/en
Publication of CN105544979A publication Critical patent/CN105544979A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/14Bracing or strutting arrangements for formwalls; Devices for aligning forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/10Forming or shuttering elements for general use with additional peculiarities such as surface shaping, insulating or heating, permeability to water or air

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction and a construction method. The formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction comprises an outer formwork and an inner formwork, and further comprises a fixing device for supporting the outer formwork and the inner formwork. The fixing device comprises structural steel and a pull rod. The structural steel is symmetrically arranged on the inner formwork and the outer formwork. Installation holes matched with the pull rod in size are formed in the inner formwork, the outer formwork and the structural steel. The outer formwork is a PCF board. The formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction is built through the structural steel and the pull rod, the problems that a construction period is long, working procedures are complex, and the cost is high due to that fact that a supporting frame built by materials such as a steel pipe and a fastener is used for supporting are effectively solved, the construction period is shortened, the construction working procedures are simplified, and the construction material is saved.

Description

A kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position and construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, particularly a kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position and construction method.
Background technology
For many years, building trade becomes the pillar industry in China's economic development, plays important role in economic activity, and becomes the engine of whole economic growth.
In building trade, relate to a large amount of concreting work, in traditional body of wall rotation angle position concreting work, first the reinforcing bar that colligation body of wall rotation angle position is vertical, then formwork for placing is installed, traditional body of wall rotation angle position concrete pouring construction adopts wooden form or metal species template as side panel material, inner formword also uses wooden form or metal species template, then a large amount of steel pipe and fastener is used to set up bracing frame, wooden form or metal species template are supported, finally carry out concreting, reach after designing requirement at stripping until concrete strength, after stripping, External Wall carries out insulation layer again, the construction of finish coat.This traditional vertical cast-in-place concrete construction method also exists many shortcoming and defect:
1, the building operations duration is longer.This traditional vertical cast-in-place concrete construction method needs to use steel pipe and fastener to build complicated bracing frame, need after completing concreting to remove bracing frame, build and remove bracing frame and all need the long period, and concreting complete after need to remove the template of body of wall inner side and outer side, then also want External Wall progressively to carry out the construction of insulation layer, finish coat, construction period is all long;
2, working procedure is various.To end from construction, need progressively to carry out assembling reinforcement, inner and outer template is installed, use steel pipe and fastener to set up bracing frame, concreting, stripping, insulation layer construction, finish coat construction, remove the working procedures such as the bracing frame that steel pipe and fastener set up;
3, waste material, improve construction cost.Set up bracing frame and can use a large amount of steel pipes and fastener, outboard template in simultaneously installing, need to use more wooden form or metal form.
Summary of the invention
Because traditional body of wall rotation angle position concrete construction adopts wooden form or metal species template as side panel material, the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and fastener to build is needed to support, but due to the structural particularity of body of wall, there is the construction period long, operation is various, the problem that cost is higher, the invention provides a kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position and construction method, by the mould plate supporting device of body of wall corner construction part of the present invention, realize the object shortening the construction period, working procedure can also be reduced simultaneously, save construction material, to the shortening construction period, reduce construction cost, promote economic benefit and there is huge help and impetus.
In order to realize foregoing invention object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position, comprise exterior sheathing and inner formword, also comprise the fastening devices for clamping exterior sheathing and inner formword, described fastening devices comprises shaped steel and pull bar, described shaped steel is symmetrically arranged on inner formword and exterior sheathing, on inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, correspondence offers the installing hole adapted with pull bar size, and described exterior sheathing is PCF plate.
PCF plate is precast concrete external wall panel, and be mainly used in the exterior wall alien invasion of assembled architecture rotation angle position, PCF plate comprises insulation layer, layer of concrete and finish coat, and finish coat can build various types of architectural style.PCF plate is produced in factory for prefabrication, is then transported to construction site and installs.Due to the special construction of PCF plate, exterior sheathing uses PCF plate to use wooden form or metal species template can save the operation of removing exterior sheathing than exterior sheathing, improves the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer and decorative layer, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate and inner formword and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts shaped steel and pull bar, shaped steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use shaped steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use pull bar through interior outside shaped steel being strained, make shaped steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified mould plate supporting device, then carry out concreting.This mould plate supporting device is firmly solid, safe and reliable, this bracing or strutting arrangement is taked to instead of the bracing frame using steel pipe and fastener to set up, not only save the constructional materialss such as a large amount of steel pipes and fastener thus reduced construction cost, and be simple and easy to use due to it, to raising efficiency of construction and lifting construction programming, there is larger help.
Preferably, described shaped steel extends to mounted precast wall panel, and in shaped steel extension with installed correspondence on body of wall and offer installing hole, make when pull bar is fixed through inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, exterior sheathing lateral surface is concordant with precast facade lateral surface, and the medial surface of inner formword is concordant with the medial surface of precast facade.Exterior sheathing lateral surface is concordant with precast facade lateral surface, make the lateral surface guarantee level of mounted precast wall panel and PCF plate, the medial surface of inner formword is concordant with the medial surface of precast facade, be the medial surface guarantee level of mounted precast wall panel and cast-in-situ concrete, ensure the attractive in appearance and manufacturability of building.
Preferably, described PCF comprises insulation layer, layer of concrete and finish coat, the upper installation end face of described PCF plate also arranges locating hole, and the lower installation end face of PCF plate is provided with locating shaft, described locating hole and the supporting setting of locating shaft, the sleeve of described locating hole to be cross sectional shape be kidney-shaped shape, described locating shaft is pin, described pin and the supporting setting of sleeve, by fine setting, the lateral surface making the lateral surface of PCF plate and front one deck install PCF plate reaches concordant, and the verticality of PCF plate also reaches requirement simultaneously.
Adopt the PCF plate of this structure, make PCF plate when mounted, PCF plate can be placed into fast front one deck has installed on PCF plate, simultaneously, coordinated by the connection of pre-designed sleeve and pin, after fine setting, the lateral surface making the lateral surface of PCF plate and front one deck install PCF plate reaches concordant, and the verticality of PCF plate also reaches design and construction standard, when installing PCF plate, by being connected of sleeve and pin, make PCF plate temporary fixed, PCF plate and front one deck have been installed between PCF plate and can not be shifted, thus avoid secondary adjustment is carried out to PCF plate, improve efficiency of construction and construction speed in a large number.
Preferably, described shaped steel is channel-section steel, and described pull bar is through-wall bolt.
Use channel-section steel to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use channel-section steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, use channel-section steel fixed form and precast facade, intensity is higher, structure is more firm, makes whole bracing or strutting arrangement more firmly solid, can not cave in and wait danger.Simultaneously, when fixing channel-section steel, use through-wall bolt through interior outer side slot steel and strained, through-wall bolt makes to serve a drawknot effect between the PCF template die plate in inner formword and outside, can be used for bearing the lateral pressure that concrete gives, this also can make the spacing between the template of inside and outside both sides be ensured, make channel-section steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms the mould plate supporting device of unified body of wall rotation angle position construction, very firm, instead of the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and steel tube fastener to build completely, thus the use decreased constructional materials, reduce cost, and, the mould plate supporting device of the body of wall rotation angle position construction using channel-section steel and through-wall bolt to form is when installing and split, convenient easy-to-use, improve efficiency of construction and construction works progress.
Preferably, described shaped steel is angle steel, and described pull bar is full thread screw mandrel, and leading screw two ends are provided with the nut for tightening fixing angle steel.
Angle steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use angle steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, use angle steel fixed form and precast facade, intensity is higher, structure is more firm, make whole bracing or strutting arrangement more firmly solid, can not to cave in etc. dangerous, simultaneously, when fixing angle steel, use full thread screw mandrel through interior outboard angle, and tighten the nut at two ends, screw mandrel makes to serve a drawknot effect between the PCF template die plate in inner formword and outside, can be used for bearing the lateral pressure that concrete gives, this also can make the spacing between the template of inside and outside both sides be ensured, make angle steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, very firm, instead of the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and steel tube fastener to build completely, thus the use decreased constructional materials, reduce cost, and, use the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement that the full thread leading screw of angle steel and two end band nuts is formed, when installing and split, convenient easy-to-use, improve efficiency of construction and construction works progress.
Preferably, the material of described inner formword is aluminium alloys.
Use aluminum alloy mould plate as inner formword, reuse often, average use cost is low, and aluminum alloy mould plate good stability, bearing capacity are high, aluminum alloy mould plate is used to form an overall frame construction as the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement that inner formword is assembled, stability is very good, meanwhile, uses aluminum alloy mould plate as inner formword, the operating space of installation and removal is large, convenient operation, to improving efficiency of construction and construction works progress further, has better help.
Correspondingly, present invention also offers a kind of construction method of the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position, the method comprises the following steps:
A, the precast facade adjacent with PCF plate both sides is installed;
The reinforcing bar of b, the vertical concreting of colligation body of wall rotation angle position;
C, use hanging device carry out handling, installation to PCF plate;
D, in the plate that PCF plate surrounding is adjacent with other prefabricated panels stitches, fill in polyethylene foamed plug, spillage when making it prevent concreting;
E, inside the concreting of body of wall rotation angle position, adopt customization aluminum alloy pattern plate as inner formword, after lifting inner formword, use pull bar that inner and outer template and shaped steel tension are formed the mould plate supporting device of unified body of wall rotation angle position construction;
F, to set up firmly until mould plate supporting device, start concreting, after the vertical cast-in-situ concrete intensity of body of wall rotation angle position reaches designing requirement, remove the mould plate supporting device of the body of wall rotation angle position constructions such as shaped steel, pull bar and inner formword again.
Take aforesaid way, the operation of removing exterior sheathing can be saved, improve the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer and decorative layer, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate and inner formword and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts shaped steel and pull bar, shaped steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use shaped steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use pull bar through interior outside shaped steel being strained, make shaped steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, then carry out concreting.This bracing or strutting arrangement is firmly solid, safe and reliable, this bracing or strutting arrangement is taked to instead of the bracing frame using steel pipe and fastener to set up, not only save the constructional materialss such as a large amount of steel pipes and fastener thus reduced construction cost, and be simple and easy to use due to it, to raising efficiency of construction and lifting construction programming, there is larger help.
Preferably, described step c comprises the following steps:
C1, before lifting PCF plate, the PCF plate verticality that before ensureing, one deck is installed and levelness reach requirement, simultaneously, two lateral surfaces of PCF plate of installing of front one deck are concordant again with it for two lateral surfaces of the PCF plate that one deck is installed, and the PCF plate firm supporting completely that front one deck is installed, then place the horizontal adjustment that timber wedge is used for PCF plate in the upper surface of the mounted PCF plate of front one deck, use hanging device by the handling of PCF plate to the position of installing floor;
C2, by jacket casing pre-buried bottom PCF plate on the pin that front one deck mounted PCF plate upper end is pre-buried;
C3, PCF plate to be finely tuned, when finely tuning, transit is used to carry out verticality monitoring to PCF plate, use level gauge PCF plate to be carried out to the monitoring of level height simultaneously, use the horizontal level of timber wedge adjustment PCF plate, make the upper surface of PCF plate be level, adjust PCF plate two lateral surfaces by the cooperation position adjusting sleeve and pin and align with two lateral surfaces of front one deck PCF plate.
Preferably, described step e comprises the following steps:
E1, before use shaped steel, on shaped steel, first offer the installing hole interted for pull bar, the size of installing hole and the diameter of pull bar suitable;
E2, by screw rod through the installing hole on shaped steel, two ends use nut screwing clamping to fix.
Take aforesaid way, shaped steel can be made in advance, more efficient and convenient when mounted, be conducive to increasing work efficiency, thus accelerating construction progress, on shaped steel, offer the installing hole suitable with screw diameter size in advance simultaneously, screw rod is connected more convenient, avoid the trouble offered at the scene.
Preferably, in described step e, PCF plate and inner formword all offering the hole for interspersed pull bar, by offering multiple hole on shaped steel, making pull bar be convenient to increase the connection support strength of body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement through PCF plate, inner formword and shaped steel simultaneously.Shaped steel is offered multiple hole, and part pull bar strains shaped steel with the gap of precast facade through being connected from inner and outer template, and part pull bar makes the shaped steel of both sides be connected and strain through PCF plate with inner formword simultaneously.After step f completes, backfill is carried out to the hole that PCF plate is offered and repairs.
compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, because PCF plate comprises insulation layer and layer of concrete two parts, be finish coat outside layer of concrete, make PCF plate as the exterior sheathing of body of wall rotation angle position cast-in-situ concrete, save the operation of removing exterior sheathing, improve the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer and decorative layer, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help;
2, fastening devices is used to clamp PCF plate and inner formword and support, fastening devices adopts shaped steel and pull bar, this bracing or strutting arrangement is firmly solid, safe and reliable, this bracing or strutting arrangement is taked to instead of the bracing frame using steel pipe and fastener to set up, not only save the constructional materialss such as a large amount of steel pipes and fastener thus reduced construction cost, and being simple and easy to use due to it, to raising efficiency of construction and lifting construction programming, having there is larger help;
3, channel-section steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use channel-section steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, use channel-section steel fixed form and precast facade, intensity is higher, structure is more firm, make whole bracing or strutting arrangement more firmly solid, can not to cave in etc. dangerous, simultaneously, when fixing channel-section steel, use through-wall bolt through interior outer side slot steel and strained, through-wall bolt makes to serve a drawknot effect between the PCF template die plate in inner formword and outside, can be used for bearing the lateral pressure that concrete gives, this also can make the spacing between the template of inside and outside both sides be ensured, make channel-section steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, very firm, instead of the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and steel tube fastener to build completely, thus the use decreased constructional materials, reduce cost, and, the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement using channel-section steel and through-wall bolt to form is in installation with when splitting, convenient easy-to-use, improve efficiency of construction and construction works progress,
4, use aluminum alloy mould plate as inner formword, reuse often, average use cost is low, and aluminum alloy mould plate good stability, bearing capacity are high, aluminum alloy mould plate is used to form an overall frame construction as the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement that inner formword is assembled, stability is very good, meanwhile, uses aluminum alloy mould plate as inner formword, the operating space of installation and removal is large, convenient operation, to improving efficiency of construction and construction works progress further, has better help.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the PCF plate supporting device in embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view along A-A line in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view along B-B line in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the PDF plate of PCF plate supporting device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the PCF plate supporting device in embodiment 2.
Fig. 6 is the sectional view along C-C line in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view along D-D line in Fig. 6.
Mark in figure: 1-PCF plate, 101-insulation layer, 102-layer of concrete, 103-finish coat, 2-aluminum alloy mould plate, 3-channel-section steel, 4-through-wall bolt, 5-precast wall panel, 6-sleeve, 7-pin, 8-polyethylene foamed plug, 9-angle steel, 10-full thread screw mandrel, 11-installs end face, installs end face under 12-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with test example and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail.But this should be interpreted as that the scope of the above-mentioned theme of the present invention is only limitted to following embodiment, all technology realized based on content of the present invention all belong to scope of the present invention.
embodiment 1
The present embodiment is used for the occasion of building bracing or strutting arrangement when the outboard template using PCF plate as bight cast-in-situ concrete vertical member.
A kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, comprise exterior sheathing and inner formword, also comprise the fastening devices for clamping exterior sheathing and inner formword, described fastening devices comprises shaped steel and pull bar, described shaped steel is symmetrically arranged on inner formword and exterior sheathing, and on inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, correspondence offers the installing hole adapted with pull bar size, and described exterior sheathing is PCF plate 1.In the present embodiment, the material of inner formword is aluminium alloys, and inner formword uses aluminum alloy mould plate 2, and shaped steel is channel-section steel 3, and pull bar is through-wall bolt 4.
Described channel-section steel 3 extends to mounted precast wall panel 5, and correspondence offers installing hole on channel-section steel 3 extension and mounted precast wall panel 5, make when through-wall bolt 4 is fixed through aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and PCF plate 1 and channel-section steel 3, PCF plate 1 lateral surface is concordant with precast wall panel 5 lateral surface, and the medial surface of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 is concordant with the medial surface of precast wall panel 5.PCF plate 1 lateral surface is concordant with precast wall panel 5 lateral surface, make the lateral surface guarantee level of mounted precast wall panel 5 and PCF plate 1, the medial surface of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 is concordant with the medial surface of precast wall panel 5, make mounted precast wall panel 5 and the medial surface guarantee level of cast-in-situ concrete, ensure the attractive in appearance and manufacturability of building.
As shown in Figure 4, described PCF plate 1 comprises insulation layer 101, layer of concrete 102 and finish coat 103, the upper installation end face 11 of described PCF plate also arranges locating hole, the lower installation end face 12 of PCF plate is provided with locating shaft, described locating hole and the supporting setting of locating shaft, the sleeve 6 of described locating hole to be cross sectional shape be kidney-shaped shape, described locating shaft is pin 7, described pin 7 and the supporting setting of sleeve 6, by fine setting, the lateral surface making the lateral surface of PCF plate 1 and front one deck install PCF plate 1 reaches concordant, and the verticality of PCF plate 1 also reaches requirement simultaneously.Adopt the PCF plate 1 of this structure, make PCF plate 1 when mounted, PCF plate 1 can be placed into fast front one deck PCF plate upper end, simultaneously, coordinated by the connection of pre-designed sleeve 6 and pin 7, the lateral surface of PCF plate 1 is made to reach concordant with the lateral surface of front one deck PCF plate, and the verticality of PCF plate also reaches design and construction standard, when installing PCF plate, by being connected of sleeve 6 and pin 7, make PCF plate 1 temporary fixed, can not be shifted between PCF plate and front one deck PCF plate, thus avoid secondary adjustment is carried out to PCF plate, improve efficiency of construction and construction speed in a large number.
PCF plate 1 is produced in factory for prefabrication, is then transported to construction site and installs.Due to the special construction of PCF plate, exterior sheathing uses PCF plate 1 than the operation using wooden form or metal species template can save dismounting exterior sheathing, improves the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer 101 and decorative layer 103, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate 1 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts channel-section steel 3 and through-wall bolt 4, channel-section steel 3 is used to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of PCF plate 1 with adjacent both sides, use channel-section steel 3 to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 with adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use through-wall bolt 4 through interior outer side slot steel 3 and strained, make channel-section steel 3, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, then carry out concreting.
Channel-section steel 3 is used to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of PCF plate 1 with adjacent both sides, use channel-section steel 3 to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, use channel-section steel 3 fixed form and precast wall panel 5, intensity is higher, structure is more firm, make whole bracing or strutting arrangement more firmly solid, can not to cave in etc. dangerous.Simultaneously, when fixing channel-section steel 3, use through-wall bolt 4 through interior outer side slot steel 3 and strained, through-wall bolt 4 makes to serve a drawknot effect between PCF plate 1 template in inner formword and outside, can be used for bearing the lateral pressure that concrete gives, this also can make the spacing between the template of inside and outside both sides be ensured, make channel-section steel 3, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, very firm, instead of the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and steel tube fastener to build completely, thus the use decreased constructional materials, reduce cost, and, the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement using channel-section steel and through-wall bolt to form is in installation with when splitting, convenient easy-to-use, improve efficiency of construction and construction works progress.Simultaneously, use aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword, reuse often, average use cost is low, and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 good stability, bearing capacity are high, aluminum alloy mould plate is used to form an overall frame construction as the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement that inner formword is assembled, stability is very good, simultaneously, use aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword, the operating space of installation and removal is large, convenient operation, to improving efficiency of construction and construction works progress further, there is better help.
The present embodiment in use, carries out according to the construction method of following body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement and step:
A, the precast wall panel 5 adjacent with PCF plate 1 both sides is installed;
B, colligation body of wall rotation angle position vertical reinforcement;
C, use hanging device carry out handling, installation to PCF plate 1;
D, in the plate that PCF plate 1 surrounding is adjacent with other prefabricated panels stitches, fill in polyethylene foamed plug 8, spillage when making it prevent concreting;
E, adopt customization aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword in the vertical inner side of body of wall rotation angle position, use through-wall bolt 4 aluminum alloy mould plate 2, PCF plate and channel-section steel 3 to be connected tension and form unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement;
F, to set up firmly until PCF plate 1 mould plate supporting device, start concreting, after the vertical cast-in-situ concrete intensity of body of wall rotation angle position reaches designing requirement, remove the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangements such as channel-section steel 3, through-wall bolt 4 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 again.
Before lifting PCF plate 1, the PCF plate verticality that before ensureing, one deck is installed and horizontal level reach requirement, simultaneously, two lateral surfaces of PCF plate of installing of front one deck are concordant again with it for two lateral surfaces of the PCF plate that one deck is installed, and the PCF plate firm supporting completely that front one deck is installed, the horizontal adjustment of timber wedge for PCF plate 1 is placed in the upper surface of the PCF plate then installed at front one deck, use hanging device by the handling of PCF plate to the position of installing floor, by jacket casing pre-buried bottom PCF plate on the pin that front one deck mounted PCF plate upper end is pre-buried, again PCF plate is finely tuned, when finely tuning, transit is used to carry out verticality monitoring to PCF plate, use level gauge PCF plate to be carried out to the monitoring of level height simultaneously, use the horizontal level of timber wedge adjustment PCF plate, the upper surface of PCF plate is made to be level, adjust PCF plate two lateral surfaces by the cooperation position adjusting sleeve and pin to align with two lateral surfaces of front one deck PCF plate.
When using through-wall bolt 4 aluminum alloy mould plate 2, PCF plate 1 and channel-section steel 3 to be connected to be fixed, on channel-section steel 3, first offer the installing hole interted for through-wall bolt 4, the size of installing hole and the diameter of through-wall bolt 4 suitable, passed from the installing hole that the channel-section steel 3 of inside and outside both sides is offered by through-wall bolt 4, two ends use nut screwing clamping to fix.Bore a hole on channel-section steel 3 in advance, more efficient and convenient when mounted, be conducive to increasing work efficiency, thus accelerating construction progress, on channel-section steel, offer the installing hole suitable with screw diameter size in advance simultaneously, through-wall bolt is connected more convenient, avoid the trouble offered at the scene.
The hole for interspersed through-wall bolt 4 is all offered at PCF plate 1 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2, by offering multiple hole on channel-section steel 3, make through-wall bolt 4 be convenient to increase the connection support strength of body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement through PCF plate 1, aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and channel-section steel 3 simultaneously.Multiple hole offered by channel-section steel 3, and part pull bar strains channel-section steel 3 with the gap of precast wall panel 5 through being connected from inner and outer template, and part through-wall bolt 4 makes the channel-section steel 3 of both sides be connected and strain through PCF plate 1 with inner formword simultaneously.After step f completes, backfill is carried out to the hole that PCF plate 1 is offered and repairs.
The present embodiment in use, by above method and step, can save the operation of removing exterior sheathing, improve the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer and decorative layer, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate and inner formword and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts shaped steel and pull bar, shaped steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use shaped steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use pull bar through interior outside shaped steel being strained, make shaped steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, then carry out concreting.This bracing or strutting arrangement is firmly solid, safe and reliable, this bracing or strutting arrangement is taked to instead of the bracing frame using steel pipe and fastener to set up, not only save the constructional materialss such as a large amount of steel pipes and fastener thus reduced construction cost, and be simple and easy to use due to it, to raising efficiency of construction and lifting construction programming, there is larger help.
embodiment 2
The present embodiment is used for the occasion of building bracing or strutting arrangement when the outboard template using PCF plate as bight cast-in-situ concrete vertical member.
A kind of mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position, as shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, comprise exterior sheathing and inner formword, also comprise the fastening devices for clamping exterior sheathing and inner formword, described fastening devices comprises shaped steel and pull bar, described shaped steel is symmetrically arranged on inner formword and exterior sheathing, and on inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, correspondence offers the installing hole adapted with pull bar size, and described exterior sheathing is PCF plate 1.In the present embodiment, inner formword uses aluminum alloy mould plate 2, and shaped steel is angle steel 9, and pull bar is full thread screw mandrel 10.
Described angle steel 9 extends to mounted precast wall panel 5, and correspondence offers installing hole on angle steel 9 extension and mounted precast wall panel 5, make when full thread screw mandrel 10 is fixed through aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and PCF plate 1 and angle steel 9, PCF plate 1 lateral surface is concordant with precast wall panel 5 lateral surface, and the medial surface of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 is concordant with the medial surface of precast wall panel 5.PCF plate 1 lateral surface is concordant with precast wall panel 5 lateral surface, make the lateral surface guarantee level of mounted precast wall panel 5 and PCF plate 1, the medial surface of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 is concordant with the medial surface of precast wall panel 5, make mounted precast wall panel 5 and the medial surface guarantee level of cast-in-situ concrete, ensure the attractive in appearance and manufacturability of building.
As shown in Figure 4, described PCF plate 1 comprises insulation layer 101, layer of concrete 102 and finish coat 103, the upper installation end face 11 of described PCF plate also arranges locating hole, the lower installation end face 12 of PCF plate is provided with locating shaft, described locating hole and the supporting setting of locating shaft, the sleeve 6 of described locating hole to be cross sectional shape be kidney-shaped shape, described locating shaft is pin 7, described pin 7 and the supporting setting of sleeve 6, by fine setting, the lateral surface making the lateral surface of PCF plate 1 and front one deck install PCF plate 1 reaches concordant, and the verticality of PCF plate 1 also reaches requirement simultaneously.Adopt the PCF plate 1 of this structure, make PCF plate 1 when mounted, PCF plate 1 can be placed into fast front one deck PCF plate upper end, simultaneously, coordinated by the connection of pre-designed sleeve 6 and pin 7, the lateral surface of PCF plate 1 is made to reach concordant with the lateral surface of front one deck PCF plate, and the verticality of PCF plate also reaches design and construction standard, when installing PCF plate, by being connected of sleeve 6 and pin 7, make PCF plate 1 temporary fixed, can not be shifted between PCF plate and front one deck PCF plate, thus avoid secondary adjustment is carried out to PCF plate, improve efficiency of construction and construction speed in a large number.
PCF plate 1 is produced in factory for prefabrication, is then transported to construction site and installs.Due to the special construction of PCF plate, exterior sheathing uses PCF plate 1 to use wooden form or metal species template can save the operation of removing exterior sheathing than exterior sheathing, improves the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer 101 and decorative layer 103, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate 1 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts angle steel 9 and full thread screw mandrel 10, angle steel 9 is used to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of PCF plate 1 with adjacent both sides, use angle steel 9 to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of aluminum alloy mould plate 2 with adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use full thread leading screw 10 through interior outboard angle 9 and strained, make angle steel 9, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, then carry out concreting.
Angle steel 9 is used to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 of PCF plate 1 with adjacent both sides, use angle steel 9 to be fixed by the precast wall panel 5 on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, use angle steel 9 fixed form and precast wall panel 5, intensity is higher, structure is more firm, make whole bracing or strutting arrangement more firmly solid, can not to cave in etc. dangerous.Simultaneously, when fixing angle steel 9, use full thread leading screw 10 through interior outboard angle 9 and strained, full thread leading screw 10 makes to serve a drawknot effect between PCF plate 1 template in inner formword and outside, can be used for bearing the lateral pressure that concrete gives, this also can make the spacing between the template of inside and outside both sides be ensured, make angle steel 9, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, very firm, instead of the bracing frame using the material such as steel pipe and steel tube fastener to build completely, thus the use decreased constructional materials, reduce cost, and, the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement using channel-section steel and through-wall bolt to form is in installation with when splitting, convenient easy-to-use, improve efficiency of construction and construction works progress.Simultaneously, use aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword, reuse often, average use cost is low, and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 good stability, bearing capacity are high, aluminum alloy mould plate is used to form an overall frame construction as the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement that inner formword is assembled, stability is very good, simultaneously, use aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword, the operating space of installation and removal is large, convenient operation, to improving efficiency of construction and construction works progress further, there is better help.
The present embodiment in use, carries out according to the construction method of following body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement and step:
A, the precast wall panel 5 adjacent with PCF plate 1 both sides is installed;
The reinforcing bar that b, colligation body of wall rotation angle position are vertical;
C, use hanging device carry out handling, installation to PCF plate 1;
D, in the plate that PCF plate 1 surrounding is adjacent with other prefabricated panels stitches, fill in polyethylene foamed plug 8, spillage when making it prevent concreting;
E, inside the vertical cast-in-situ concrete member in bight, adopt customization aluminum alloy mould plate 2 as inner formword, use full thread leading screw 10 aluminum alloy mould plate 2, PCF plate and angle steel 9 to be strained and form unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement;
F, to set up firmly until body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, start concreting, after the vertical cast-in-situ concrete intensity of body of wall rotation angle position reaches designing requirement, remove the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangements such as angle steel 9, full thread leading screw 10 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2 again.
Before lifting PCF plate 1, the PCF plate verticality that before ensureing, one deck is installed and horizontal level reach requirement, simultaneously, two lateral surfaces of PCF plate of installing of front one deck are concordant again with it for two lateral surfaces of the PCF plate that one deck is installed, and the PCF plate firm supporting completely that front one deck is installed, the horizontal adjustment of timber wedge for PCF plate 1 is placed in the upper surface of the PCF plate then installed at front one deck, use hanging device by the handling of PCF plate to the position of installing floor, by jacket casing pre-buried bottom PCF plate on the pin that front one deck mounted PCF plate upper end is pre-buried, again PCF plate is finely tuned, when finely tuning, transit is used to carry out verticality monitoring to PCF plate, use level gauge PCF plate to be carried out to the monitoring of level height simultaneously, use the horizontal level of timber wedge adjustment PCF plate, the upper surface of PCF plate is made to be level, adjust PCF plate two lateral surfaces by the cooperation position adjusting sleeve and pin to align with two lateral surfaces of front one deck PCF plate.
When using full thread leading screw 10 aluminum alloy mould plate 2, PCF plate 1 and angle steel 9 to be connected and fixed, on angle steel 9, first offer the installing hole interted for full thread leading screw 10, the size of installing hole and the diameter of full thread leading screw 10 suitable, passed from the installing hole that the angle steel 9 of inside and outside both sides is offered by full thread leading screw 10, two ends use nut screwing clamping to fix.Bore a hole on angle steel 9 in advance, more efficient and convenient when mounted, be conducive to increasing work efficiency, thus accelerating construction progress, on channel-section steel, offer the installing hole suitable with screw diameter size in advance simultaneously, through-wall bolt is connected more convenient, avoid the trouble offered at the scene.
The hole for interspersed full thread leading screw 10 is all offered at PCF plate 1 and aluminum alloy mould plate 2, by offering multiple hole on angle steel 9, make full thread leading screw 10 be convenient to increase the connection support strength of body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement through PCF plate 1, aluminum alloy mould plate 2 and angle steel 9 simultaneously.Multiple hole offered by angle steel 9, and part pull bar strains angle steel 9 with the gap of precast wall panel 5 through being connected from inner and outer template, and part full thread leading screw 10 makes the angle steel 9 of both sides be connected and strain through PCF plate 1 with inner formword simultaneously.After step f completes, backfill is carried out to the hole that PCF plate 1 is offered and repairs.
The present embodiment in use, by above method and step, can save the operation of removing exterior sheathing, improve the progress of efficiency of construction and construction works.And, because PCF plate carries insulation layer and decorative layer, after concreting completes, avoid the construction again carrying out insulation layer and finish coat in outside, the working procedure decreased largely, thus substantially reduce the construction period, to reducing costs, save material, increasing the benefit serves very important help.Use fastening devices to clamp PCF plate and inner formword and support simultaneously, fastening devices adopts shaped steel and pull bar, shaped steel is used to be fixed by the precast facade on PCF plate and adjacent both sides, use shaped steel to be fixed by the precast facade on inner formword and adjacent both sides simultaneously, when fixing, use pull bar through interior outside shaped steel being strained, make shaped steel, liner bar between inner and outer template and inner and outer template forms unified body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement, then carry out concreting.This bracing or strutting arrangement is firmly solid, safe and reliable, this bracing or strutting arrangement is taked to instead of the bracing frame using steel pipe and fastener to set up, not only save the constructional materialss such as a large amount of steel pipes and fastener thus reduced construction cost, and being simple and easy to use due to it, raising efficiency of construction and lifting construction programming have larger help.

Claims (10)

1. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position, comprise exterior sheathing and inner formword, also comprise the fastening devices for clamping exterior sheathing and inner formword, described fastening devices comprises shaped steel and pull bar, described shaped steel is symmetrically arranged on inner formword and exterior sheathing, on inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, correspondence offers the installing hole adapted with pull bar size, and described exterior sheathing is PCF plate.
2. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described shaped steel extends to mounted precast wall panel, and in shaped steel extension with installed correspondence on precast wall panel and offer installing hole, make when pull bar is fixed through inner formword and exterior sheathing and shaped steel, exterior sheathing lateral surface is concordant with precast facade lateral surface, and the medial surface of inner formword is concordant with the medial surface of precast facade.
3. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described PCF comprises insulation layer, layer of concrete and finish coat, the upper installation end face of described PCF plate also arranges locating hole, the lower installation end face of PCF plate is provided with locating shaft, described locating hole and the supporting setting of locating shaft, the sleeve of described locating hole to be cross sectional shape be kidney-shaped shape, described locating shaft is pin, described pin and the supporting setting of sleeve, by fine setting, the lateral surface making the lateral surface of PCF plate and front one deck install PCF plate reaches concordant, the verticality of PCF plate also reaches requirement simultaneously.
4. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described shaped steel is channel-section steel, and described pull bar is through-wall bolt.
5. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described shaped steel is angle steel, and described pull bar is full thread screw mandrel, and leading screw two ends are provided with the nut for tightening fixing angle steel.
6. the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that, the material of described inner formword is aluminium alloys.
7. for a construction method for the mould plate supporting device of body of wall rotation angle position construction, it is characterized in that, the construction method of the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position as described in one of claim 1-6, comprises the following steps:
A, the precast facade adjacent with PCF plate both sides is installed;
The reinforcing bar of b, the vertical concreting of colligation body of wall rotation angle position;
C, use hanging device carry out handling, installation to PCF plate;
D, in the plate that PCF plate surrounding is adjacent with other prefabricated panels stitches, fill in polyethylene foamed plug, spillage when making it prevent concreting;
E, inside the concreting of body of wall rotation angle position, adopt customization aluminum alloy pattern plate as inner formword, after lifting inner formword, use pull bar that inner and outer template and shaped steel tension are formed the mould plate supporting device of unified body of wall rotation angle position construction;
F, to set up firmly until mould plate supporting device, start concreting, after the vertical cast-in-situ concrete intensity of body of wall rotation angle position reaches designing requirement, remove the body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangements such as shaped steel, pull bar and inner formword again.
8. the construction method of the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described step c specifically comprises the following steps:
C1, before lifting PCF plate, the PCF plate verticality that before ensureing, one deck is installed and levelness reach requirement, simultaneously, two lateral surfaces of PCF plate of installing of front one deck are concordant again with it for two lateral surfaces of the PCF plate that one deck is installed, and the PCF plate firm supporting completely that front one deck is installed, then place the horizontal adjustment that timber wedge is used for PCF plate in the upper surface of the mounted PCF plate of front one deck, use hanging device by the handling of PCF plate to the position of installing floor;
C2, by jacket casing pre-buried bottom PCF plate on the pin that front one deck mounted PCF plate upper end is pre-buried;
C3, PCF plate to be finely tuned, when finely tuning, transit is used to carry out verticality monitoring to PCF plate, use level gauge PCF plate to be carried out to the monitoring of level height simultaneously, use the horizontal level of timber wedge adjustment PCF plate, make the upper surface of PCF plate be level, adjust PCF plate two lateral surfaces by the cooperation position adjusting sleeve and pin and align with two lateral surfaces of front one deck PCF plate.
9. the construction method of the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described step e comprises the following steps:
E1, before use shaped steel, on shaped steel, first offer the installing hole interted for pull bar, the size of installing hole and the diameter of pull bar suitable;
E2, by screw rod through the installing hole on shaped steel, two ends use nut screwing clamping to fix.
10. the construction method of the mould plate supporting device for the construction of body of wall rotation angle position according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, in described step e, PCF plate and inner formword all offer the hole for interspersed pull bar, by offering multiple hole on shaped steel, make pull bar be convenient to increase the connection support strength of body of wall rotation angle position construction formwork bracing or strutting arrangement through PCF plate, inner formword and shaped steel simultaneously.
CN201610075655.4A 2016-02-03 2016-02-03 Formwork supporting device for wall corner portion construction and construction method Pending CN105544979A (en)

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CN109826442A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-05-31 广东国晟建设监理有限公司 Prefabricated buildings exempt from plastering construction method of construction
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Application publication date: 20160504