CN105544648B - A kind of water storage device and water storage method collected, store and recycle rainwater - Google Patents

A kind of water storage device and water storage method collected, store and recycle rainwater Download PDF

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CN105544648B
CN105544648B CN201510881520.2A CN201510881520A CN105544648B CN 105544648 B CN105544648 B CN 105544648B CN 201510881520 A CN201510881520 A CN 201510881520A CN 105544648 B CN105544648 B CN 105544648B
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tank
rainwater
water
screened well
osmos tube
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CN105544648A (en
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崔新明
倪宏演
余威
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崔新明
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of water storage device and water storage method collected, store and recycle rainwater.Water storage device includes screened well and tank, and the rainwater collection collector of building is connected with screened well, and screened well is connected by pipeline with tank, many osmos tubes are connected with tank, tank is connected with elevator pump, and tank is embedded in underground, and the top of tank is less than long-term level of ground water.Water storage method is:Rainy day, the rainwater catchment that rainwater collection collector is collected into enters screened well, the clear water after filtering is merged into tank by pipeline by screened well, Groundwater infiltration osmos tube merges into tank by osmos tube;Fine day, Groundwater infiltration osmos tube, tank is merged into by osmos tube;When needing, start elevator pump, the water of tank is extracted and is transported to the place needed to use.Rainwater catchment of the present invention is various, and can collect filtering rainwater can collect permeable subterranean water again, make full use of rainwater resource, reduce rainwater discharge capacity, alleviate municipal ductwork pressure.

Description

A kind of water storage device and water storage method collected, store and recycle rainwater
Technical field
Effectively utilize rainwater resource the present invention relates to a kind of cell, the water storage apparatus of building, more particularly to one kind, be conducive to The collection of environmental protection, the water storage device for storing and recycling rainwater and water storage method.
Background technology
In environmental protection industry growing today, how according to different regions, geological conditions to traditional rainwater collection pool Upgrading is improved, makes full use of rainwater resource to arrive the imperative stage.Traditional rainwater recycling system is leaned on mostly Roofing collects rainwater and imports collection, and the situation that heavy rain amount can not be collected completely, small rainfall water is not enough, rainwater money often occurs Source is not fully used, while the rainwater that roofing is collected is relatively dirty, gathering line lays complexity, is increased to later stage water process Workload is added, the practical efficiency of rainwater is not high.
The content of the invention
It is not abundant enough to rainwater-collecting present invention mainly solves original rainwater recycling system, and the rainwater collected from roofing Relatively dirty, gathering line lays complexity, causes later stage water process to bother, the not high technical problem of the practical efficiency of rainwater; A kind of water storage device collected, store and recycle rainwater is provided, it can fully collect rainwater resource, pipelining is simple, Collected in filtering, simplify later stage water process, improve the utilization rate of rainwater.
The present invention simultaneously solve original rainwater recycling system often occur heavy rain amount can not collect completely, small rainfall water not The technical problem of enough situations;A kind of water storage method for collecting, storing and recycling rainwater, its energy in big rainfall are provided Rainwater is fully collected, usually underground water is collected by permeating, and oozes back a part of water of underground after sprinkling irrigation greening can also be collected, Realize recycling for water.
The above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly what is be addressed by following technical proposals:A kind of receipts of the present invention Collect, store and recycle the water storage device of rainwater, including screened well and tank, the rainwater collection collector and described mistake of building Filter well to be connected, screened well is connected by pipeline with described tank, is connected with many osmos tubes on tank, tank with carry Rise pump to be connected, described tank is embedded in underground, the top of tank is less than long-term level of ground water.Usually, underground water passes through Osmos tube is collected and flow into tank storage;Rainy day, the rainwater that rainwater collection collector is collected into flows into screened well, is filtered into after clear water Tank storage is flowed into, while the rainwater for penetrating into underground is collected and flow into tank by osmos tube and stored.When required, Start elevator pump, extract the water stored in tank, greening sprinkling irrigation, ground cleaning, cleaning automobile etc. can be supplied to use, and And make also there is water can use during the emergencies such as generation fire.Tank can be individually embedded in beside house, also can be with building underground Room is used in combination with.The technical program is simple in construction, simplifies pipelining, is collected in filtering, does not need setting for power consumption Standby, such as water pump, motor are easy to later stage water process.The technical program can fully collect rainwater resource and groundwater resources, it is to avoid The problem of rainy season water storage tankage is small to cause rainwater to be largely lost in, the water in dry season tank is again not enough, effectively improves rain The utilization rate of water, reduces the usage amount of running water, saving water resource.
Preferably, the one end of described osmos tube away from tank is blind end, it is covered with to have on the tube wall of osmos tube and oozes Open-work, osmos tube is wrapped with filter layer.Underground water penetrates into osmos tube by permeability hole, then flows into tank by osmos tube. Filter layer plays a role in filtering, by the debris such as silt particle gear outside osmos tube, it is ensured that enter the water of osmos tube without impurity.Infiltration One end shield upper end cover of the remote tank of pipe is blocked with plug, constitutes blind end.
Preferably, filling the mixture of sand and rubble around described osmos tube, described filter layer is non-woven fabrics.Really Protecting underground water more can penetrate into osmos tube.
Preferably, the bottom side and top side of described osmos tube are respectively provided with the permeability hole described in a row, the left side of osmos tube And right side is also respectively provided with the permeability hole described in a row, the permeability hole of horizontal direction and the permeability hole interleaved of vertical direction are set Put.Ensure that underground water from each of osmos tube penetrates into osmos tube sideways, can improve the collecting effect of underground water, in this premise Under, while ensuring the fastness of osmos tube.
Preferably, described screened well is located at the side of described tank, described osmos tube is connected to tank Other three sides, be connected to many osmos tubes on three sides, osmos tube is obliquely installed, and osmos tube is away from tank Junction of the one end higher than osmos tube and tank, the junction of osmos tube and described tank is close to the top of tank Portion.The technical program ensures that the installation site of screened well and tank is more firm.The osmos tube being obliquely installed, it is ensured that be collected into Water in osmos tube can more successfully flow into tank.
Preferably, the bottom side of described screened well is provided with an enclosure cavity, enclosure cavity top is provided with inclined screen pack, The termination that described rainwater collection collector is extend into screened well is located at the top of described screen pack, connection screened well and tank Pipeline be connected at described enclosure cavity and connected with enclosure cavity.The screen pack being obliquely installed is more beneficial for the collection of rainwater.From rain The water that water collection pipe flows into screened well is flowed directly on screen pack, through filter screen filtration impurity, flows into enclosure cavity, is flowed to and is stored up from enclosure cavity Pond, it is ensured that the rainwater of collection will not be lost in screened well, can fully merge into tank.
Preferably, described screened well is connected with municipal rainwater delivery pipe, the company of municipal rainwater delivery pipe and screened well Place is met close to the bottom of screened well, junction of the pipeline on tank of connection screened well and tank is located at the top of tank Portion.When tank stores up full water, the water in tank spills into screened well and drained from municipal rainwater delivery pipe.Ensure excess Water will not gather here, it is to avoid hypervolia gathers and influences ground herein.
A kind of collection of the present invention, the water storage method for storing and recycling rainwater are:Rainy day, on the one hand, described building The rainwater catchment that the rainwater collection collector of space is collected into enters described screened well, is converged the clear water after filtering by pipeline by screened well Collect into described tank;On the other hand, the osmos tube described in Groundwater infiltration, described tank is merged into by osmos tube;
Fine day, the osmos tube described in Groundwater infiltration is merged into described tank by osmos tube;
When needing, start elevator pump, the water of tank is extracted and is transported to the place needed to use.
Used such as can be supplied to greening sprinkling irrigation, ground cleaning, cleaning automobile, and make the urgent feelings such as generation fire Also water can use during condition.The technical program can fully collect rainwater resource and groundwater resources, it is to avoid rainy season water storage tankage It is small to cause rainwater to be largely lost in, the problem of the water in dry season tank is again not enough, effectively improve the utilization rate of rainwater, reduce from The usage amount of water, saving water resource.
Preferably, described elevator pump is connected with ground greening rainer, described tank is afforested located at ground The underground at place;Described water storage method includes:Fine day, start elevator pump, the water of tank is extracted and described in being conveyed to Rainer is afforested on ground, and ground greening is sprayed;After sprinkling irrigation, a part of water penetration is returned in soil, then by infiltration manifold Collect into described tank, realize recycling for water.The technical program permeates back the one of underground when effectively collecting greening sprinkling irrigation Part water, further improves the utilization rate of water.
Preferably, described screened well is connected with municipal rainwater delivery pipe, the company of municipal rainwater delivery pipe and screened well Place is met close to the bottom of screened well, junction of the pipeline on tank of connection screened well and tank is located at the top of tank Portion;Described water storage method includes:When described tank stores up full water, the water in tank is spilt into described screened well And drain from described municipal rainwater delivery pipe.Ensure that excessive water will not gather here, it is to avoid hypervolia gathers and shadow Ring ground herein.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:1. rainwater catchment is various, filtering rainwater can be collected, permeable subterranean can be also collected Water, makes full use of rainwater resource, reaches environmentally friendly purpose by the reuse to rainwater, realizes the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection, The discharge capacity of rainwater is reduced, alleviates municipal ductwork pressure.2. geography superiority is utilized, after the water sprinkling irrigation greening of collection, a part Water is returned in tank through soil permeability, realizes recycling for water.3. not needing the equipment of power consumption, it is not required to substantially Repair, periodic cleaning screened well, changing filter screen just can be with.4. facility makes simple, simplify pipelining, material purchases are held Easily, invest small, income is high.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of main structure diagram of water storage device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 A to cross section structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is a kind of main structure diagram of osmos tube in water storage device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of osmos tube and surrounding filler in water storage device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a kind of cross section structure diagram of screened well in water storage device of the present invention.
1. screened well in figure, 2. tanks, 3. rainwater collection collectors, 4. osmos tubes, 5. elevator pumps, 6. permeability holes, 7. sand and The mixture of rubble, 8. enclosure cavities, 9. screen packs, 10. municipal rainwater delivery pipes, 11. plugs.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and with reference to accompanying drawing, technical scheme is described in further detail.
Embodiment:A kind of collection of the present embodiment, the water storage device for storing and recycling rainwater, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, Including screened well 1 and tank 2, screened well and tank are arranged at intervals, and tank 2 is embedded in the underground where building greening, The top of tank 2 is less than long-term level of ground water, and screened well is located at the left side of tank.The length × width × height of screened well is 740 × 740 × 950mm, is that cement brick masonry is formed, borehole wall thickness 120mm.Tank is armored concrete Prefabricated, tank Length × width × height is 3300 × 3300 × 2150mm, and capacity is about 14 tons, wall thickness 150mm, strength grade of concrete C25.Such as Fig. 5 Shown, the bottom side of screened well 1 has an enclosure cavity 8, and the upwardly opening of enclosure cavity 8 is stamped an inclined screen pack 9, screen pack 9 It is made up of galvanized steel wire netting and non-woven fabrics overlapping, four sides of screen pack are fixed on cement brick with cement nail, the rainwater collection of building Collector 3 is connected with screened well 1, and the termination that rainwater collection collector 3 is extend into screened well 1 is located at the top of screen pack 9, and enclosure cavity 8 is led to Cross HDPE high density polyethylene conduits with tank 2 to be connected, junction of the pipeline on tank is close to the top of tank. Screened well 1 is also connected with municipal rainwater delivery pipe 10, and the junction of municipal rainwater delivery pipe 10 and screened well 1 is close to screened well 1 Bottom.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, many osmos tubes 4, osmos tube are connected on forward and backward and right three sides of tank 2 Managed for HDPE, external diameter is 100mm, permeate 5-15 meters of pipe range, be connected in and separately set with the osmos tube on a side, spacing 50cm, the one end of osmos tube 4 away from tank 2 is higher than the junction of osmos tube 4 and tank 2, i.e. osmos tube 4 and tilts 2% slope The junction of degree, osmos tube 4 and tank 2 is close to the top of tank 2.As shown in figure 3, osmos tube 4 away from tank 2 one End plug 11 is blocked, and forms blind end, and respectively there is row's permeability hole 6 bottom side and top side of osmos tube 4, the left side of osmos tube 4 and Also respectively there are row's permeability hole 6, a diameter of 2cm of permeability hole, the permeability hole 6 of horizontal direction and the permeability hole 6 of vertical direction in right side Interleaved is set, and spacing is 10cm, and osmos tube 4 is wrapped with non-woven fabrics.As shown in figure 4, the surrounding of osmos tube 4 fills sand and broken The mixture 7 of stone.Tank 2 is connected with elevator pump 5, and elevator pump is connected with ground greening rainer.
A kind of above-mentioned collection, the water storage method for the water storage device for storing and recycling rainwater are:
Rainy day, on the one hand, the rainwater catchment that the rainwater collection collector 3 of building is collected into enters screened well 1, incited somebody to action by screened well 1 Clear water after filter merges into tank 2 by pipeline;On the other hand, underground water penetrates into osmos tube 4 from permeability hole 6, by osmos tube 4 Merge into tank 2;
Fine day, Groundwater infiltration osmos tube 4 merges into tank 2 by osmos tube 4;
When needing, start elevator pump, the water of tank 2 is extracted and ground greening rainer is conveyed to, it is green to ground Change is sprayed;After sprinkling irrigation, a part of water penetration is returned in soil, then merges into tank 2 by osmos tube 4, realizes the circulation of water Utilize;
When tank 2 stores up full water, the water in tank 2 is spilt into screened well 1 and from the municipal row of rainwater delivery pipe 10 Walk.
Tank can individually be embedded in the underground beside house, can be also used in combination with building basement.Tank Adjustment size and volume can be calculated according to water consumption, it is possible to the quantity in pond is adjusted according to place.General 10 cubic metres of storage The need for pond meets the greening one week of 2,000 square metres of sprinkling irrigation.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of water storage device collected, store and recycle rainwater, it is characterised in that including screened well (1) and tank (2), the rainwater collection collector (3) of building is connected with described screened well (1), and screened well (1) passes through pipeline and described tank (2) it is connected, many osmos tubes (4) is connected with tank (2), tank (2) is connected with elevator pump (5), described tank (2) underground is embedded in, the top of tank (2) is less than long-term level of ground water;Described screened well (1) is located at described tank (2) side, described osmos tube (4) be connected on other three sides of tank (2), three sides be connected to it is many Root osmos tube (4), osmos tube (4) is obliquely installed, and the one end of osmos tube (4) away from tank (2) is higher than osmos tube (4) and water storage Top of the junction of the junction in pond (2), osmos tube (4) and described tank (2) close to tank (2);Osmos tube (4) One end away from tank (2) is to be covered with to have permeability hole (6) on blind end, the tube wall of osmos tube (4), osmos tube (4) outer wrapping There is filter layer;The mixture (7) of landfill sand and rubble around osmos tube (4), described filter layer is non-woven fabrics.
2. a kind of water storage device collected, store and recycle rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Osmos tube (4) bottom side and top side be respectively provided with permeability hole (6) described in a row, the left side and right side of osmos tube (4) are also respectively set There is the permeability hole (6) described in a row, the permeability hole (6) of horizontal direction and permeability hole (6) interleaved of vertical direction are set.
3. a kind of water storage device collected, store and recycle rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Screened well (1) bottom side provided with enclosure cavity (8), be provided with inclined screen pack (9), described rain at the top of enclosure cavity (8) The termination that water collection pipe (3) is extend into screened well (1) is located at the top of described screen pack (9), connection screened well (1) and storage The pipeline in pond (2) is connected to described enclosure cavity (8) place and connected with enclosure cavity (8).
4. a kind of water storage device collected, store and recycle rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Screened well (1) be connected with municipal rainwater delivery pipe (10), the junction of municipal rainwater delivery pipe (10) and screened well (1) is close Junction of the pipeline of the bottom of screened well (1), connection screened well (1) and tank (2) on tank (2) is located at tank (2) top.
5. a kind of collection as claimed in claim 1, the water storage method for the water storage device for storing and recycling rainwater, its feature It is to include:
Rainy day, on the one hand, the rainwater catchment that the rainwater collection collector (3) of described building is collected into enters described screened well (1), by Screened well (1) merges into the clear water after filtering by pipeline described tank (2);On the other hand, described in Groundwater infiltration Osmos tube (4), described tank (2) is merged into by osmos tube (4);
Fine day, the osmos tube (4) described in Groundwater infiltration is merged into described tank (2) by osmos tube (4);
When needing, start described elevator pump (5), the water of tank (2) is extracted and is transported to the place needed to use;
Fine day, starts elevator pump (5), and the water of tank (2) is extracted and ground greening rainer is conveyed to, ground is afforested Sprayed;After sprinkling irrigation, a part of water penetration is returned in soil, then merges into by described osmos tube (4) described tank (2) recycling for water, is realized.
6. a kind of collection according to claim 5, the water storage method for the water storage device for storing and recycling rainwater, it is special Levy and be that described screened well (1) and municipal administration rainwater delivery pipe (10) are connected, municipal rainwater delivery pipe (10) and screened well (1) Junction is close to the bottom of screened well (1), the junction of the pipeline of connection screened well (1) and tank (2) on tank (2) Top positioned at tank (2);Described water storage method includes:When described tank (2) stores up full water, in tank (2) Water spill into described screened well (1) and drain from described municipal rainwater delivery pipe (10).
CN201510881520.2A 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 A kind of water storage device and water storage method collected, store and recycle rainwater Active CN105544648B (en)

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CN106385928A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 河海大学 Energy-saving irrigation device with water collection and filtering functions
CN106499033B (en) * 2016-12-13 2022-07-26 河海大学 Road green belt system for drainage and water retention
CN107558565A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-01-09 北京军秀咨询有限公司 A kind of water guiding system being applied in sponge urban ecology ground system and construction method
CN108476928A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-04 佛山市千注利科技有限公司 A kind of forest water circle device of environmental protection
CN108487411A (en) * 2018-04-14 2018-09-04 浙江新景市政园林有限公司 Buildings waterproof structure

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CN201891143U (en) * 2010-11-08 2011-07-06 中国地质科学院水文地质环境地质研究所 Buried storm water collection and storage facility in flat areas
CN202380515U (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-08-15 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Multi-purpose rainwater utilization system
CN102587449A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-07-18 云南通洁环保成套设备工程有限公司 Method and device for collecting rainwater
KR101386389B1 (en) * 2012-07-11 2014-04-17 주식회사 헥코리아 Rainwater storage apparatus using immersion type membrane module
CN204139242U (en) * 2014-09-05 2015-02-04 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Garden rainwater-collecting utilizes system automatically
CN205189099U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 崔新明 Water storage device of collection, storage and cyclic utilization rainwater

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