CN105534988B - A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its application - Google Patents

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105534988B
CN105534988B CN201510968858.1A CN201510968858A CN105534988B CN 105534988 B CN105534988 B CN 105534988B CN 201510968858 A CN201510968858 A CN 201510968858A CN 105534988 B CN105534988 B CN 105534988B
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China
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silkworm
marbofloxacin
prevention
embodiment
volume increase
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CN201510968858.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105534988A (en
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刘文光
李云芝
衣葵花
刘惠芬
石瑞常
于振成
李智峰
郭光�
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山东省蚕业研究所
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its application, silkworm volume increase, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw materials are as follows: Marbofloxacin, sodium glutamate, water;Above-mentioned raw materials component is mixed to obtain the final product.It is microbial septicemic cemia while having effect of increasing production by soldier to fall bacillus, black chest sepsis bacterium and spirit in prevention and treatment, can greatly improve cocoon yield for preparation silkworm volume increase, preventing and treating bacterial diseases of young drug after the present invention for the first time mixes Marbofloxacin with sodium glutamate.

Description

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its application

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its applications, belong to silkworm disease prevention techniques neck Domain.

Background technique

China is the world's largest Silk quality producing country and trading country, at present Raw Silk Production account for the 70% of Gross World Product with On, greig yield accounts for 45% of Gross World Product or more, ranks first in the world.Breed silkworms production in because silkworm disease caused by direct economy Loss accounts for about the 10~15% of total income, and bacterial disease of domestic silkworm is the Major Diseases in silk cocoon production, and the generation of disease is raw to silk cocoon Production brings very big loss.

The antibiotic such as Florfenicol, erythromycin or Ciloxan prevention and treatment silkworm bacterium is widely used in the prior art The generation of disease.But erythromycin is because unstable in the solution, using being subject to certain restrictions;Though Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride and Florfenicol are right By soldier, bacillus and the microbial septicemic cemia control efficiency of black chest sepsis are preferable, but to by the microbial septicaemia of spirit, fluorobenzene Buddhist nun examines almost without control efficiency, and Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride control efficiency is also undesirable, and the drug used at this stage can only be right Bacterial disease is prevented and treated, and does not have effect of increasing production.

Marbofloxacin (Marbofloxacin, MBF) is a kind of the 3rd generation carbostyril family antibacterial drugs for being exclusively used in animal, It can inhibit the topoisomerase needed in bacterium DNA replication and show bactericidal activity, (including hemolytic is not to Gram-negative bacteria Lever bacterium, haemophilus) effectively, there is good antibacterial effect to gram-positive bacteria and mycoplasma.It has has a broad antifungal spectrum, The features such as active strong, bioavilability high (close to 100), while also having with other antimicrobials without cross resistance, poison is secondary to be made With the advantages that small, tissue infiltration power is strong, elimination long half time.

Sodium glutamate (Sodium Glutamate) is a kind of salt formed by sodium ion and glutamate ion, wherein Glutamic acid is a kind of amino acid, and sodium is a kind of metallic element, belongs to one of the most abundant nonessential amino acid of self-assembling formation.

Summary of the invention

In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its applications.

Technical solution of the present invention is as follows:

Sodium glutamate is in application of the preparation silkworm in volume increase drug.

A kind of silkworm drug for increasing production, preventing and treating bacterial disease, it is parts by weight that raw material components are as follows:

1~64 part of Marbofloxacin, 1~80 part of sodium glutamate;

Above-mentioned raw materials component is mixed to obtain the final product.

Preferred according to the present invention, it is parts by weight that raw material components are as follows:

1~5 part of Marbofloxacin, 2~10 parts of sodium glutamate.The drug falls bacillus and black chest sepsis is microbial loses to by soldier The prevention and treatment and silk cocoon obvious effect of increasing production of blood disease.

Preferred according to the present invention, it is parts by weight that raw material components are as follows:

8~16 parts of Marbofloxacin, 2~10 parts of sodium glutamate.The drug is to by the microbial septicemic cemia control efficiency of spirit Significantly.

The above-mentioned silkworm method of administration for the drug for increasing production, preventing and treating bacterial disease, steps are as follows:

(1) silkworm is used to the drug for increasing production, preventing and treating bacterial disease and water 1:(350~3500 in mass ratio) it mixes, preparation sprays Solution;

(2) will step (1) be obtained sprays solution according to mass ratio 1:(8~12) be sprayed on mulberry leaf, freshen daily food 7~ 9 hours, continuously freshens 3~5 days progress preventing and treating bacterial diseases of young of food or four-aged silkworm continuously adds food 3 days, silkworm continuously freshens food 5 from five ages It carries out volume increase feeding.

The invention has the following beneficial effects:

1, present invention firstly discloses the technical effects that Marbofloxacin and sodium glutamate have volume increase to silkworm;

2, the volume increase of preparation silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, Ma Bosha after the present invention mixes Marbofloxacin with sodium glutamate Star and sodium glutamate, which are used in combination, falls bacillus, black chest sepsis bacterium and spirit is microbial septicemic cemia has increasing simultaneously by soldier in prevention and treatment Effect is produced, cocoon yield can be greatly improved, and does not influence the drug effect of Marbofloxacin after the two mixing application;

3, this drug has the characteristics that has a broad antifungal spectrum, activity are strong, bioavilability is high (close to 100), at the same also have with Other antimicrobials without cross resistance, tissue infiltration power is strong, eliminates the advantages that long half time;

4, this product method of administration is simple, is conducive to promote and apply on a large scale.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is further elaborated below with reference to embodiment, but institute's protection scope of the present invention is without being limited thereto.

Marbofloxacin described in embodiment is purchased from Hubei Hai Ya Biotechnology Co., Ltd, and sodium glutamate is grand emerging purchased from Shandong Bioengineering Co., Ltd.

Embodiment 1

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.15g, sodium glutamate 0.5g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 2

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.3g, sodium glutamate 0.6g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1500g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 3

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.2g, sodium glutamate 0.7g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 900g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 4

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.4g, sodium glutamate 0.8g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 5

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.15g, sodium glutamate 0.7g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 6

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.4g, sodium glutamate 0.3g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 7

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.5g, sodium glutamate 0.3g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 500g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 8

A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 1.3g, sodium glutamate 0.8g;

After Marbofloxacin is mixed with sodium glutamate, it is dissolved in mixing in 1200g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 9

A kind of silkworm volume increase drug, raw material components are as follows:

Sodium glutamate 0.5g;

Sodium glutamate is dissolved in mix in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 10

A kind of silkworm prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.4g;

Marbofloxacin is dissolved in mix in 1000g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Embodiment 11

A kind of silkworm prevention and treatment bacterium medicine, raw material components are as follows:

Marbofloxacin 0.5g;

Marbofloxacin is dissolved in mix in 500g water and sprays solution to obtain the final product.

Test example

Following test is done to the effect of silkworm obtained volume increase, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine:

A, to the septicemic cemia controlling experiment as caused by soldier bacillus

Medication group:

Take soldier bacillus (2.5 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, use Drug prepared by embodiment 1 to embodiment 6 raises silkworm by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf, adds food daily 8 hours, continuously adds food 5 days, The remaining time feeds the common supreme cluster of mulberry leaf;

Control group 1:

Take soldier bacillus (2.5 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, use Common mulberry leaf raise the supreme cluster of silkworm;

Control group 2:

Take soldier bacillus (2.5 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, use Drug prepared by embodiment 10 raises silkworm by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf, adds food daily 8 hours, continuously adds food 5 days, remaining time raises Feed the common supreme cluster of mulberry leaf;

Control group 3:

Silkworm from healthy five ages is taken, the supreme cluster of common mulberry leaf is fed;

Silkworm survival rate, the 9th day investigation cocoon shell weight of upper cluster are investigated from after connecing bacterium 5 days.

Calculation formula

Table 1

Silkworm quantity (head) Silkworm survival rate (%)
Embodiment 1 98 100
Embodiment 2 96 100
Embodiment 3 101 100
Embodiment 4 99 100
Embodiment 5 102 100
Embodiment 6 98 100
Control group 1 99 0
Control group 2 103 100
Control group 3 102 100

Table 2

Interpretation of result

Seen from table 1, embodiment 1 has good control efficiency to the septicaemia as caused by soldier bacillus to implementation column 6, Embodiment 10 also has the same effect, this, which illustrates sodium glutamate not, influences Marbofloxacin to the sepsis as caused by soldier bacillus The control efficiency of disease;As can be seen from Table 2, embodiment 1 is preventing and treating silkworm septicaemia after using this drug to embodiment 6 well While cocoon shell weight have different degrees of increase.

B, to by the microbial septicemic cemia controlling experiment of black chest sepsis

Medication group:

Take black chest sepsis bacterium (6.4 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, The drug prepared with embodiment 1 to embodiment 6 raises silkworm by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf, adds food daily 8 hours, continuously adds food 5 days, Remaining time feeds the common supreme cluster of mulberry leaf;

Control group 1:

Take black chest sepsis bacterium (6.4 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, The supreme cluster of silkworm is raised with common mulberry leaf;

Control group 2:

Take black chest sepsis bacterium (6.4 × 107Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, The drug prepared with embodiment 10 raises silkworm by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf, adds food daily 8 hours, continuously adds food 5 days, remaining time Feed the supreme cluster of common mulberry leaf;

Control group 3:

Silkworm from healthy five ages is taken, the supreme cluster of common mulberry leaf is fed;

Silkworm survival rate, the 9th day investigation cocoon shell weight of upper cluster are investigated from after connecing bacterium 5 days.

Calculation formula:

Table 3

Table 4

Silkworm quantity (head) Average cocoon shell weight (gram) Increase (%) compared with control group 3
Embodiment 1 102 0.442 2.31
Embodiment 2 98 0.444 2.78
Embodiment 3 103 0.446 3.24
Embodiment 4 104 0.440 1.85
Embodiment 5 100 0.443 2.55
Embodiment 6 98 0.441 2.08
Control group 3 102 0.432 0

Interpretation of result

Seen from table 3, embodiment 1 is imitated to by the black microbial septicaemia of chest sepsis with good prevention and treatment to implementation column 6 Fruit, embodiment 10 also have the same effect, this illustrates sodium glutamate not and influence Marbofloxacin to cause to by black chest sepsis bacterium Septicemic cemia control efficiency;By table 4 as it can be seen that embodiment 1 is to embodiment 6, after using this drug, in prevention and treatment silkworm well Septicemic cemia while cocoon shell weight has different degrees of increase.

C, to by the microbial septicemic cemia controlling experiment of spirit

Medication group:

Take clever bacterium (1.9 × 108Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, with implementation Drug prepared by example 7 to embodiment 8 by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf raise silkworm, add daily food 8 hours, continuously add food 5 days, remaining when Between feed common mulberry leaf;

Control group 1:

Take clever bacterium (1.9 × 108Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, with common Mulberry leaf raise silkworm;

Control group 2:

Take clever bacterium (1.9 × 108Cfu/mL), bacterium solution is dipped with disinfection inoculation pin and puncture infection to silkworm from five ages, with implementation Drug prepared by example 11 raises silkworm by 1kg sprinkling 10kg mulberry leaf, adds food daily 8 hours, continuously adds food 5 days, and the feeding of remaining time is general Logical mulberry leaf;

Silkworm survival rate is investigated from after connecing bacterium 5 days.

Calculation formula

Table 5

Silkworm quantity (head) Silkworm survival rate (%)
Embodiment 7 99 100
Embodiment 8 103 100
Control group 1 102 0
Control group 2 98 100

Interpretation of result

By table 5 as it can be seen that embodiment 7 has good control efficiency to by the microbial septicaemia of spirit to implementation column 8, implement Example 11 also has the same effect, this, which illustrates sodium glutamate not, influences Marbofloxacin to by the microbial septicemic cemia prevention and treatment of spirit Effect.

D, simulation experiments

Medication group:

10kg mulberry leaf Feeding of healthy four-aged silkworm is sprayed by 1kg with embodiment 1 to 9 drug of embodiment, it is small to add food 8 daily When, four ages continuously added food 3 days, silkworm continuously adds food 5 days from five ages, remaining time feeds the common supreme cluster of mulberry leaf;

Control group:

With the common supreme cluster of mulberry leaf Feeding of healthy four-aged silkworm;

The 9th day harvesting of cocoon of upper cluster investigates cocoon yield.

Table 6

Silkworm quantity (head) Average cocoon shell weight (gram) Increase (%) compared with control group
Embodiment 1 608 0.465 4.26
Embodiment 2 598 0.464 4.04
Embodiment 3 604 0.467 4.71
Embodiment 4 593 0.465 4.26
Embodiment 5 603 0.464 4.04
Embodiment 6 596 0.463 3.81
Embodiment 7 600 0.455 2.02
Embodiment 8 599 0.454 1.79
Embodiment 9 600 0.464 4.04
Control group 601 0.446 0

Interpretation of result

It is especially dense in Marbofloxacin by table 6 as it can be seen that all embodiments have preferable effect of increasing production to Silkworm Cocoon Shell amount For degree between 200~500mg/L, effect of increasing production is the most obvious.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of purposes of composition in preparation silkworm volume increase drug, which is characterized in that the medicine material component is as follows, is Parts by weight:
1~5 part or 8~16 parts of Marbofloxacin, 2~10 parts of sodium glutamate;And Marbofloxacin application concentration is in 200~500mg/L;
The preparation step is as follows:
(1) silkworm is used to the drug for increasing production, preventing and treating bacterial disease and water 1:(350~3500 in mass ratio) it mixes, preparation sprays solution;
(2) solution will be sprayed according to mass ratio 1:(8~12 made from step (1)) it is sprayed on mulberry leaf, four-aged silkworm continuously adds Food 3 days, silkworm continuously adds food and carries out volume increase feeding in 5 days from five ages.
CN201510968858.1A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of volume increase of silkworm, prevention and treatment bacterium medicine and its application CN105534988B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101222927A (en) * 2005-05-18 2008-07-16 Mpex医药有限公司 Aerosolized fluoroquinolones and uses thereof
WO2011101710A1 (en) * 2010-02-16 2011-08-25 Wockhardt Research Centre Efflux pump inhibitors
CN102397552A (en) * 2010-09-10 2012-04-04 广州自远生物科技有限公司 Medicinal composite preparation containing quinolones, preparation method thereof and application thereof

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Nutrition Of The Silkworm, Bombyx Mori-XI. Requirements For Aspartic And Glutamic Acids;TOSHIO ITO et al.;《J. Insect Physiol》;19661231;第12卷;861-869
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