CN105532238B - A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers - Google Patents

A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105532238B
CN105532238B CN201511011380.XA CN201511011380A CN105532238B CN 105532238 B CN105532238 B CN 105532238B CN 201511011380 A CN201511011380 A CN 201511011380A CN 105532238 B CN105532238 B CN 105532238B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flowers
soil
saline
cave
film
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201511011380.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105532238A (en
Inventor
封晓辉
刘小京
张秀梅
郭凯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Original Assignee
Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS filed Critical Center for Agricultural Resources Research of Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Priority to CN201511011380.XA priority Critical patent/CN105532238B/en
Publication of CN105532238A publication Critical patent/CN105532238A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105532238B publication Critical patent/CN105532238B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of beach saline land plantation perennial root flowers, comprise the following steps:(a)Spring finishing strips field or raised fields;(b)Film Mulching in Autumn, uniform fold soil layer, hole is pricked on the film of overlying soil on the membrane;(c)Spring next year digs cave on the membrane, base fertilizer of often spreading manuer in holes before planting, and the root system of perennial root flowers is planted in cave center, is covered and buried with soil, treaded, irrigated with fresh water;(d)After the water poured in depression infiltrates, covered with crushing straw;(e)The growth management phase need to cut weeds, prevent pest and disease damage, 6 October flowers successively open formation view and admire landscape.Method provided by the invention successfully realizes surviving and growing for perennial herb flowers in weight saline-alkali wasteland, improve heavy saline vegetation coverage, add the landscape of heavy saline, inexpensive, sustainable original soil greening technique is provided for the afforestation of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore and Vegetation Construction, significant economic, society and ecological benefits can be obtained, prospect is answered with wide.

Description

A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers
Technical field
The present invention relates to salt-soda soil landscape technical field of flower cultivation, specifically a kind of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation is more The method of year life Perennial Flowers.
Background technology
Heavy saline-alkali area at seashore is mostly the ground for moving back sea, and physical features is low, and level of ground water is high, and soil salt content is high, and freshwater resources Scarcity, only a small number of halophytes can grow, and surface vegetation covers that rate lid is low, and landscape effect is poor.Meanwhile coastal region has greatly The hydraulic reclamation soil of area, soil salt content is high, and level of ground water is shallow, salinity is high, in addition to some halophytes, general Gardens Thing is difficult to survive, tired there is also growth even if having fraction ornamental plant to be survived by the methods of soil moved in improve the original, salt discharge, stifled salt The problem of difficult.
Perennial herb flower plant is important afforestation species, have growth period is long, pattern is bright-coloured, the florescence is long, Landscape effect is good, once plant can with perennation, plant and maintenance cost are low the features such as, be widely used in afforestation at present Engineering.But if being planted in heavy saline soil, salt, the condition of serious stress of soil of drought, survival rate can be subject in accumulation of salt in the surface soil peak period Low, ornamental value is poor, slow-growing, and therefore, there is an urgent need for a kind of low cost of research and development, survival rate height, growing way are good, sustainable in salt-soda soil at present Original soil plant herbaceos perennial greening technique.
The content of the invention
It is existing to solve it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers With the presence of perennial root flowers the problems such as survival rate is low, slow-growing, of high cost, unsustainable is planted in heavy saline.
The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of beach saline land plants perennial root flowers Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(a)Consolidation:In spring, bar field or raised fields are built on the ground in coastal saline-alkali, in the bar field or raised fields surrounding The water storage ridge that height is 20cm is built, the draining blind pipe that internal diameter is 10cm, buried depth are buried every 5-10 m on bar field or raised fields 40-50cm, embedded rear draining blind pipe both ends are exposed in the gutter outside bar field or raised fields;
(b)Overlay film before rainy season in autumn:Soil is turned over before rainy season set in the fall, ploughed depth 20cm, after smooth Earth's surface herbicide spraying, overlay film, uniform fold soil layer, pricks hole on the film of the overlying soil on the membrane, and bore dia is 0.4-0.6cm;
(c)Depression is transplanted:Next year mid or late March, digs cave, the depth in the cave is 23-27cm, a diameter of on the membrane 18-22cm, often spreads manuer in holes before planting into base fertilizer phosphoric acid diamines 7-8g, and the root system of 1 plant of perennial root flowers is planted in institute during plant Cave center is stated, is covered with soil and buries root system, treaded, the distance that native surface retains 5-6cm with ground is buried after treading, is poured depression with fresh water Thoroughly, fresh water 5-8L is poured per cave;
(d)Improving straw mulching:After the water poured in depression all infiltrates, with the crushing straw that length is 2-3cm by depression table Face all covers, and stalk thickness is 5-8cm;
(e)Growing season management:Cut weeds in growth period, spraying pesticide, prevents pest and disease damage;Rainy season timely draining, prevents water Flood;7-10 month flowers open formation and view and admire landscape successively;Deadwood stump or removing aerial part after autumn flowers fallen leaves.
Step of the present invention(a)Described in bar field built in level of ground water less than 1.5m, the wide 20m in bar field, length 500m, ditch depth 1.5m, bottom width 1m, upper mouth width 3m;The raised fields is built when level of ground water is less than 1m, the wide 5-10m of raised fields, raised fields identity distance underground Water 1.5m.
Step of the present invention(b)Described in the width of film be 0.9-1.2m, thickness 0.01mm.
Step of the present invention(b)The soil thickness of the overlay film is 1-2cm.
Step of the present invention(c)Middle plant line-spacing 40cm, spacing in the rows 30-40cm.
Step of the present invention(c)Described in perennial root flowers be preferably lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers or Lythrum salicaria.
And the restriction such as salt content high, scarcity of fresh water resources shallow for strand weight RS in Alkali Region soil level of ground water of the invention is for many years The problem of raw flower growth, comprehensively utilize alkaline land soil salinity cycle behavioral characteristics and RS in Alkali Region climatic characteristic and soil salt Divide behavioral characteristics, by selecting the consolidation of special time, overlay film, depression are transplanted, spring film straw nesting is covered before rainy season in autumn A series of specific plant measures such as Gai Jiyu, improve salt-soda soil environment, reduce and keep root layer soil salt content perennial In the range of Perennial Flowers Plant Tolerance, it ensure that flowering perennial realizes then and second year in heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation High viability and Seedling height speed.The present invention succeeds the life of perennial herb flowers is realized in heavy saline wasteland first It is long, heavy saline vegetation coverage is improved, adds the landscape of heavy saline, is the afforestation and plant of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore The sustainable original soil greening technique of low cost is provided by construction, significant economic, society and ecological benefits can be obtained, had Wide answers prospect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be embodiment 1 in July different disposal soil salt content testing result.
Fig. 2 be embodiment 1 in July different disposal soil moisture content testing result.
Fig. 3, which is embodiment 1 and comparative example 1, plants survival and the growing way comparison diagram in lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers June in beach saline land.
Fig. 4 is the growing way comparison diagram that embodiment 1 and comparative example 1 plant lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers August part in beach saline land.
Fig. 5 is that embodiment 1 plants the growing way of Lythrum salicaria August part and condition diagram of blooming in beach saline land.
Embodiment
Example below is used to the present invention be further described, but the invention is not limited in any way.
Embodiment 1
Base plantation perennial root flowers lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers and Lythrum salicaria are efficiently utilized in beach saline land with applicant below Exemplified by, method provided by the invention is described in detail.
Base is located at Hebei province Haixing County, belongs to the continental monsoon climate in warm temperate zone, 12.1 DEG C of average temperature of the whole year, January puts down Equal -4.6 DEG C of temperature, -19.9 DEG C of Annual lowest climate temperature, 217 days frost-free periods.Year sunshine time for 2718.8 it is small when, average annual precipitation Measure as 627.9mm, be concentrated mainly on 7-8 months, account for the 74% of annual precipitation.The area belongs to littoral plain, and hypsography low-lying is flat, sea 1.3-3.6m is pulled out, soil is marine solonchak, and soil salt content more than 0.6%, is heavy saline-alkali area at seashore.Level of ground water is shallow, averagely exists 1 meter or so, the degree of mineralization of ground water is high, and salt content is in 7-20gL-1
From month spring 3-4 in 2014, it is less than the beach saline land of 1.5m in level of ground water, builds bar field, bar field is 20 meters wide, Length 500m, ditch depth 1.5m, bottom width 1m, upper mouth width 3m;Or it is less than the beach saline land of 1m in level of ground water, build raised fields, platform The wide 5-10m in field, raised fields identity distance underground water 1.5m;The ridge that height is 20cm is built in bar field or raised fields surrounding, so as to water conservation;To protect Drainage effect is demonstrate,proved, buries the plastic draining blind pipe of internal diameter 10cm every 5m on bar field or raised fields, buried depth 50cm, plastic draining is blind Pipe compared with bar field or the long 1m of raised fields width, it is embedded after plastic draining blind pipe both ends be exposed to and had outside bar field or raised fields in gutter, Apply 100kg/ mus of the calcium superphosphate that effective content is 12%.
In 20-27 days July in the same year, soil is turned over, ploughed depth 20cm, after leveling land, herbicide spraying, then Thick film is covered, thickness 0.01mm, film width 1.2m, cover pressure ground film edge with soil, and the soil layer of 1-2cm thickness is covered on film, Then hole, bore dia 0.5cm or so are pricked on film, the distance in hole is carried out according to the line-spacing of plant flowers, in order to rain infiltration.
On 2015 25-April 1 March on days, cave is dug on film, acupoint depth 25cm, diameter 20cm, often spreads manuer in holes into base fertilizer phosphoric acid Diamines 7-8g, selects two kinds of the lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers compared with salt tolerant, Lythrum salicaria perennial herb flowers to be planted respectively on different bar fields Plant, transplant line-spacing 40cm, spacing in the rows 30-40cm;The root system of 1 plant of flowers is planted in cave center during plant, is covered and buried with soil, treaded; The distance that native rear surface retains 5cm with ground is buried, so as to stalks mulching, is irrigated depression with fresh water;Treat that the water in depression is whole After infiltrating, pocket surface is all covered with the broken maize straw that length is 2-3cm, thickness 5-8cm.
Mid or late April in the same year, lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers, Lythrum salicaria root system germinate successively, and the 5-9 months, film is manually pulled out in growth period in time On the weeds emerged, spraying pesticide, prevents the pest and disease damages such as aphid, leaf folder;Meanwhile lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers is it is noted that timely draining, prevention Long-time water logging after rain;Start Lythrum salicaria June to bloom successively, July, lotus sunflower grass opened successively, and it is difficult to form beach saline land The beautiful landscape obtained.
Comparative example 1
From spring the beginning of March in 2015, finishing strips field or raised fields, turned over soil as described in Example 1, smooth Behind soil, herbicide spraying, to suppress weed growth, cover layer, thickness 0.06cm, digs cave, acupoint depth 25cm, diameter on film 20cm, often spreads manuer in holes into base fertilizer phosphoric acid diamines 7-8g, by two kinds of lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers, Lythrum salicaria perennial herb flowers respectively in different bars Transplanted on field, transplant line-spacing 40cm, spacing in the rows 30-40cm;The root system of 1 plant of flowers is planted in cave center during plant, with soil Cover and bury, tread;Its growth management is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 2
(1)Any measure is not taken using no progress plastic film mulch, lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers and Lythrum salicaria are transplanted by normal method for planting as Blank control.To embodiment 1, comparative example 1 and the survival rate of the plantation lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers of blank control 2015 and Lythrum salicaria, August part Each index such as plant height and its biomass is detected, and detection method is universal method in industry, and each handle selects three ground, every Ground draws diagonal and takes five points, and each point takes 5 plants, measures its character, is averaged as measured value.Its survival rate(%)For list The number and the percentage of plant plant number that plane product plant survives.Testing result is shown in Table 1.
The testing result of 1 embodiment 1 of table, the lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers of comparative example 1 and blank control plantation and each index of Lythrum salicaria
(2)In June and August part to the lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers of a kind of plant of embodiment 1 and comparative example and survival and the growing way shape of Lythrum salicaria Condition is recorded, its recordable picture is shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5.A plants lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers 6 for embodiment 1 in beach saline land in its Fig. 3 The growing way state in month, b are the growing way state that comparative example 1 plants lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers June in beach saline land;A is embodiment in Fig. 4 1 plants the bloom of lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers August part in beach saline land, and b plants lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers August part for comparative example 1 in beach saline land Bloom;Fig. 5 is the growing way bloom that embodiment 1 plants Lythrum salicaria August part in beach saline land.
(3)The local soil salt content and water content of different disposal are detected in July, 2015, its testing result See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.In figure:It is the soil regime of the blank control without any processing without covering;Covering with ground sheeting is with comparative example 1 Soil regime under common ground film covering;Refer to embodiment 1 using the soil shape under the film after thick film and the double coverings of stalk under film Condition;Refer to embodiment 1 using the soil regime under the stalk after thick film and the double coverings of stalk under stalk.
In addition, applicant according to method provided by the invention, comparative example 1 and blank control, plant a plurality ofly lotus certain herbaceous plants with big flowers and Lythrum salicaria perennial root flowers, to soil and flowers then and the survival rate of second year is investigated.Investigate display:Using this The implantation methods provided are provided, it is 0.36-0.39% to detect its 3-5 month topsoil 20cm soil mean salts amount in 2015, meanwhile, Whole growth period(The 4-11 months)1m soil bodys salt content is controlled below 0.4%, ensure that the normal growth of flowers;And comparative example 1 is not Overlay film is 0.54-0.83% with the mean salt amount of period topsoil 20cm soil in the fall;With period 20cm when blank control is transplanted The salt content of soil is up to 0.5-0.8%;The present invention implantation methods for two kinds of flowers plant average survival 90-95%, Second year survival rate is up to more than 98%;And the average survival average less than 25% that comparative example 1 is transplanted, second year survival rate is averaged For 20% or so;The survival rate then of flowers is less than 5% after transplanting, and second year survival rate is less than 3%, and landscape effect is poor.
The present invention has found to grow after perennial herb flower planting good by 3 years experiment and demonstrations in heavy saline-alkali area at seashore Good, landscape is graceful.Succeeded first by the present invention realizes the growth of perennial herb flowers in heavy saline wasteland, improves Heavy saline vegetation coverage, adds the landscape of heavy saline, is afforestation and the Vegetation Construction of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore The sustainable original soil greening technique of low cost is provided, significant economic, society and ecological benefits can be obtained, had wide Answer prospect.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. method of beach saline land plantation perennial root flowers, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (a)Consolidation:In spring, bar field or raised fields are built on the ground in coastal saline-alkali, is built in the bar field or raised fields surrounding Highly it is the water storage ridge of 20cm, the draining blind pipe that internal diameter is 10cm, buried depth 40- is buried every 5-10 m on bar field or raised fields 50cm, embedded rear draining blind pipe both ends are exposed in gutter;
    (b)Overlay film before rainy season in autumn:Soil is turned over before rainy season set in the fall, ploughed depth 20cm, after smooth earth's surface Herbicide spraying, overlay film, uniform fold soil layer, pricks hole, bore dia 0.4- on the film of the overlying soil on the membrane 0.6cm;
    (c)Depression is transplanted:Next year mid or late March, digs cave, the depth in the cave is 23-27cm, a diameter of 18- on the membrane 22cm, often spreads manuer in holes before planting into base fertilizer phosphoric acid diamines 7-8g, and the root system of 1 plant of perennial root flowers is planted in the cave during plant Center, is covered with soil and buries root system, is treaded, and the distance that native surface retains 5-6cm with ground is buried after treading, is irrigated depression with fresh water, Fresh water 5-8L is poured per cave;
    (d)Improving straw mulching:After the water poured in depression all infiltrates, the crushing straw for being 2-3cm with length is complete by pocket surface Portion covers, and stalk thickness is more than 5cm;
    (e)Growing season management:Cut weeds in growth period, spraying pesticide, prevents pest and disease damage;Rainy season timely draining, prevents water logging;6- October flowers successively open formation view and admire landscape;Deadwood stump or removing aerial part after autumn flowers fallen leaves.
  2. 2. the method for beach saline land plantation perennial root flowers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (b)Described in the width of film be 0.9-1.2m, thickness 0.01mm.
  3. 3. the method for beach saline land plantation perennial root flowers according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that step Suddenly(c)Middle plant line-spacing 40cm, spacing in the rows 30-40cm.
CN201511011380.XA 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers Active CN105532238B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511011380.XA CN105532238B (en) 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511011380.XA CN105532238B (en) 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105532238A CN105532238A (en) 2016-05-04
CN105532238B true CN105532238B (en) 2018-05-15

Family

ID=55812248

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201511011380.XA Active CN105532238B (en) 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105532238B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108811581B (en) * 2018-07-12 2021-02-09 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 Method for improving coastal heavy saline-alkali soil
CN109197349A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-15 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore raised fields method of forestation
CN111727796B (en) * 2020-06-28 2022-03-18 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Method for interplanting aquatica creeper among fruit trees in coastal saline-alkali soil

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102273373B (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-12-26 兰州大学 Method for building flower beds and planting flowers and plants in heavy saline-alkali land in arid region
CN102273335B (en) * 2011-06-18 2013-03-27 河北省农林科学院滨海农业研究所 Treatment and utilization method of muddy seashore saline soil
CN102326487B (en) * 2011-08-12 2012-10-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Method for planting sunflowers in serious saline and alkaline land by sea
CN104094693B (en) * 2014-06-24 2016-02-24 天津泰达绿化集团有限公司 A kind of greening method of beach saline land staged control salt discharge

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105532238A (en) 2016-05-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103975773B (en) The color leaf of racemosus views and admires the artificial culturing method of moulding bonsai tree
CN101810121B (en) Fast afforestation method of tamarix chinensis at coastal saline-alkali soil
CN103988702B (en) A kind of tea shoot black plastic mulching cultural method
CN105993805B (en) The construction method in salt-soda soil high ridge orchard
CN105284228B (en) The method of red soil hilllock hilly area young age oil tea woodland kind medicinal material hillside fields interval subsoiling intertillage
CN102640653A (en) Method utilizing coastal saline soil of Yellow River Delta to grow peanuts
Ojasvi et al. The micro-catchment water harvesting technique for the plantation of jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana) in an agroforestry system under arid conditions
CN105248067B (en) A kind of construction method of strand shale salt-soda soil jerusalem artichoke vegetation
CN101292619B (en) Rain cultivation method of forestation on dry-hot valley dryland hillside fields
CN103858646A (en) Method for cultivating asparagus in seashore saline land
CN105532238B (en) A kind of method of heavy saline-alkali area at seashore plantation perennial root flowers
CN104604627A (en) Method for cultivating big ficus microcarpa-like forest styling tree
CN103960106A (en) Supertree planting method
CN106171425A (en) The high yield cultivating method of Radix Angelicae Pubescentis culturing and transplanting seedlings
Karuku Soil and water conservation measures and challenges in Kenya; A review
CN105248008B (en) Granite red Qiu Gang gentle slopes economic fruit site preparation method
CN105075794A (en) Plantation method improving desert sapling survival rate
CN104488624A (en) Organic rice cropping method
Mårtensson Methods of establishing species-rich meadow biotopes in urban areas
CN103718816A (en) Method for planting oleaster afforestation forest in saline and alkaline land
CN105325228A (en) Planting method for Chinese yew
CN104663221A (en) Method for quickly breeding sand scutellaria baicalensis in saline-alkali soil
CN110140584A (en) A kind of method for building up of apocarya fruit and timber forest
CN102498901A (en) Method of building field biological fence
CN107223431B (en) A kind of dry hot gas sisal hemp arid hillside field progressively terrace land method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant