CN105502331B - A kind of calciner plant - Google Patents

A kind of calciner plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105502331B
CN105502331B CN201410483984.3A CN201410483984A CN105502331B CN 105502331 B CN105502331 B CN 105502331B CN 201410483984 A CN201410483984 A CN 201410483984A CN 105502331 B CN105502331 B CN 105502331B
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China
Prior art keywords
heater
quirk
layer
fugitive constituent
epimere
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CN201410483984.3A
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CN105502331A (en
Inventor
杨晓东
周善红
刘朝东
吕派
孙毅
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Shenyang Aluminum and Magnesium Engineering and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Shenyang Aluminum and Magnesium Engineering and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Publication of CN105502331A publication Critical patent/CN105502331A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of calciner plant, including batch can, it is located at the quirk of batch can both sides, front wall and rear wall, quirk is eight layers, four layers are epimere body of heater above, four layers of quirk are hypomere body of heater below, it is fugitive constituent Integration tunnel between epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater, front wall fugitive constituent is provided with front wall and erects road, 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk front wall porch set fugitive constituent arm-tie respectively, it is combustion-supporting that air directly enters the progress of two sections body of heater by the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk front wall entrance, epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater are all provided with negative pressure regulation arm-tie, negative pressure regulation arm-tie is located at rear wall, first floor quirk exhanst gas outlet connects epimere body of heater aggregate with outliers, 8th layer of quirk exhanst gas outlet connects hypomere body of heater aggregate with outliers, finally collect to general export flue.Advantages of the present invention effect:Fugitive constituent coking probability is greatly reduced, solves the problems, such as that can-type calcine furnace need to frequently handle batch can coking.

Description

A kind of calciner plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of calciner plant, more particularly to a kind of carbon industry production aluminium anode, negative electrode, electrode and The calciner plant of extraordinary carbon industry raw material.
Background technology
Calcining petroleum coke equipment can-type calcine furnace in the market, either following current or adverse current, it is equal that it calcines principle For:Petroleum coke or other raw materials continuous effusion fugitive constituent in gradual thermal histories indirectly, raw material from top to bottom during, Temperature gradually rises, and continuous thermograde be present.And the fugitive constituent of corresponding different temperature effusion, its material transport process is all The fugitive constituent Integration tunnel for entering raw material upper space by raw material preheating area is needed, during the effusion of this fugitive constituent, is waved Hair part must migrate from high warm material layer to the low temperature bed of material, thing followed temperature-fall period, be easier to occur due to temperature reduction and Caused condensation phenomenon, the volatile substance particularly condensed easily form coking phenomenon with materials from bonding in batch can internal face;Together When after fugitive constituent enters fugitive constituent Integration tunnel, equally exist fugitive constituent cooling condense and condensed in the dust in passage Channel wall and the imagination for producing coking.The existing coking phenomenon in pot type burner batch can and fugitive constituent passage, it is actual raw It is periodically required to handle it during production, the manipulation strength of worker is not only substantially increased in processing procedure, simultaneously Also larger environmental pollution is brought to workshop.In order to thoroughly break away from it is this processing coking operation, from principle solve coking ask Topic, it is imperative to invent a kind of brand-new calciner.
The content of the invention
The present invention is a kind of calciner plant in order to solve the above problems and propose, it is therefore an objective to solves batch can and fugitive constituent collection The coking problem in passage is closed, reduces manipulation strength, improves shopwork environment.
A kind of calciner plant of the invention for the above-mentioned purpose, including batch can, the quirk for being located at batch can both sides, front wall and after Wall, quirk are eight layers, above four layers be epimere body of heater, below four layers of quirk be hypomere body of heater, epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater it Between be fugitive constituent Integration tunnel, front wall fugitive constituent is provided with front wall and erects road, before the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk Wall porch sets fugitive constituent arm-tie respectively, and air is directly entered by the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk front wall entrance The progress of two sections body of heater is combustion-supporting, and epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater are all provided with negative pressure regulation arm-tie, and negative pressure regulation arm-tie is located at rear wall, First floor quirk exhanst gas outlet connects epimere body of heater aggregate with outliers, and the 8th layer of quirk exhanst gas outlet connects hypomere body of heater aggregate with outliers, It is final collect to general export flue, calcining materials added from the top of batch can, entered preheating and the hypomere body of heater of epimere body of heater Discharged after heating, then water cooled set cooling.
Epimere body of heater is reverse-flow pot type body of heater, and hypomere body of heater is downflow type pot type body of heater.
The negative pressure regulation arm-tie of epimere body of heater is that epimere body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie, is located at first floor quirk and second layer quirk Between rear wall on.
The negative pressure regulation arm-tie of hypomere body of heater is that hypomere body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie, is located at layer 7 quirk and the 8th layer of fire On rear wall between road.
The roundabout connection of every layer of quirk, it is middle to be separated with siliceous drawing brick.
Batch can is cuboid, and two batch cans are a row, and four batch cans are one group, and the both sides of a blow-down drum are respectively distributed a fire Road.
The insulating brick of front wall and rear wall is respectively silica brick, chamotte brick, light weeight alumina brick and common brick from the inside to the outside.
Brick between fugitive constituent Integration tunnel and batch can material is ventilative brick with holes, by negative pressure by the volatilization in batch can Part suction fugitive constituent Integration tunnel.
Front wall fugitive constituent erects road connection fugitive constituent Integration tunnel, and front wall fugitive constituent erects road and connected upwards with the 4th layer of quirk, Front wall fugitive constituent erects road and connected with layer 5 quirk downwards.
Fugitive constituent arm-tie is silica brick material, for adjusting the sectional area that fugitive constituent erects road.
Furnace bottom cooling air passage is set in the 8th layer of quirk bottom refractory material, by sucking cold air to reduce furnace bottom Refractory temperatures, cooling air wall after are arranged outside furnace roof upwards.
Advantages of the present invention effect:The present invention uses two-part can-type calcine furnace body, and whole process is the material in batch can Gradually heat up so that the transition process of the fugitive constituent escaped in batch can preheating zone enters fugitive constituent and concentrates cigarette from top to bottom Road, this avoids fugitive constituent being not in temperature reduction and condensing during material transport from principle, greatly reduced Fugitive constituent coking probability, solve the problems, such as that can-type calcine furnace need to frequently handle batch can coking;Fugitive constituent passage is placed in simultaneously Between two layers of quirk, improve the temperature in fugitive constituent Integration tunnel, reduce in the past because in fugitive constituent Integration tunnel temperature it is inclined The coking phenomenon of low appearance.The reduction of coking in batch can and fugitive constituent Integration tunnel, the manipulation strength of worker is substantially reduced, improved Shopwork environment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is quirk fragmentary cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is batch can fragmentary cross-sectional view of the present invention.
In figure:1st, epimere body of heater;2nd, fugitive constituent Integration tunnel;3rd, hypomere body of heater;4th, front wall fugitive constituent erects road;5th, the 4th layer Quirk fugitive constituent arm-tie;6th, layer 5 quirk fugitive constituent arm-tie;7th, the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance;8th, layer 5 quirk front wall enters Mouthful;9th, epimere body of heater negative pressure regulation arm-tie;10th, hypomere body of heater negative pressure regulation arm-tie;11st, epimere body of heater aggregate with outliers;12nd, hypomere Body of heater aggregate with outliers;13rd, furnace bottom cooling air passage;14th, batch can;15th, water collar.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not by embodiment institute Limit.
A kind of calciner plant of the invention as shown in the figure, including batch can 14, the quirk for being located at the both sides of batch can 14, front wall and after Wall, quirk be eight layers, above four layers be epimere body of heater 1, below four layers of quirk be hypomere body of heater 3, epimere body of heater 1 and hypomere body of heater It is fugitive constituent Integration tunnel 2 between 3, being provided with front wall fugitive constituent in front wall erects road 4, the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance 7 and layer 5 Fugitive constituent arm-tie is set at quirk front wall entrance 8 respectively, air is directly by the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance 7 and layer 5 quirk front wall Entrance 8 is combustion-supporting into the progress of two sections body of heater, and epimere body of heater 1 and hypomere body of heater 3 are all provided with negative pressure regulation arm-tie, and negative pressure regulation is drawn Plate is located at rear wall, and first floor quirk exhanst gas outlet connection epimere body of heater aggregate with outliers 11, the 8th layer of quirk exhanst gas outlet connects hypomere Body of heater aggregate with outliers 12, finally collect to general export flue, calcining materials and added from the top of batch can 14, entered epimere body of heater Discharged after preheating and the heating of hypomere body of heater, then the water cooled cooling of set 15.
Epimere body of heater 1 is reverse-flow pot type body of heater, and hypomere body of heater 3 is downflow type pot type body of heater.
The negative pressure regulation arm-tie of epimere body of heater 1 is that epimere body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie 9, is located at first floor quirk and second layer fire On rear wall between road.
The negative pressure regulation arm-tie of hypomere body of heater 3 is that hypomere body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie 10, is located at layer 7 quirk and the 8th On rear wall between layer quirk.
The roundabout connection of every layer of quirk, it is middle to be separated with siliceous drawing brick.
Batch can 14 is cuboid, and two batch cans are a row, and four batch cans are one group, the both sides respectively distribution one of a blow-down drum Quirk.
The insulating brick of front wall and rear wall is respectively silica brick, chamotte brick, light weeight alumina brick and common brick from the inside to the outside.
Brick between fugitive constituent Integration tunnel 2 and the material of batch can 14 is ventilative brick with holes, by negative pressure by batch can Fugitive constituent suction fugitive constituent Integration tunnel 2.
Front wall fugitive constituent erects road 4 and connects fugitive constituent Integration tunnel 2, and front wall fugitive constituent erects road 4 and connected upwards with the 4th layer of quirk Logical, front wall fugitive constituent erects road 4 and connected with layer 5 quirk downwards.
Fugitive constituent arm-tie be located at the 4th layer of quirk for the 4th layer of quirk fugitive constituent arm-tie 5;Fugitive constituent arm-tie is located at the 5th Layer quirk is silica brick material for layer 5 quirk fugitive constituent arm-tie 6, fugitive constituent arm-tie, for adjusting the section that fugitive constituent erects road Product, to control the volatilization component entered in two sections body of heater quirk.
Furnace bottom cooling air passage 13 is set in the 8th layer of quirk bottom refractory material, by sucking cold air to reduce stove Bottom refractory temperatures, cooling air wall after are arranged outside furnace roof upwards.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of calciner plant, including batch can, the quirk for being located at batch can both sides, front wall and rear wall, it is characterised in that quirk eight Layer, above four layers be epimere body of heater, below four layers of quirk be hypomere body of heater, be fugitive constituent collection between epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater Passage is closed, front wall fugitive constituent is provided with front wall and erects road, the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk front wall porch difference If fugitive constituent arm-tie, air directly enters two sections body of heater by the 4th layer of quirk front wall entrance and layer 5 quirk front wall entrance Carry out combustion-supporting, epimere body of heater and hypomere body of heater are all provided with negative pressure regulation arm-tie, and negative pressure regulation arm-tie is located at rear wall, first floor quirk flue gas Outlet connection epimere body of heater aggregate with outliers, the 8th layer of quirk exhanst gas outlet connect hypomere body of heater aggregate with outliers, finally collected to total Exhaust pass, calcining materials add from the top of batch can, enter the preheating of epimere body of heater and the heating of hypomere body of heater, then water cooled Discharged after set cooling.
2. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that epimere body of heater is reverse-flow pot type body of heater, hypomere Body of heater is downflow type pot type body of heater.
3. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the negative pressure regulation arm-tie of epimere body of heater is epimere Body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie, is located on the rear wall between first floor quirk and second layer quirk.
4. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the negative pressure regulation arm-tie of hypomere body of heater is hypomere Body of heater negative pressure adjusts arm-tie, is located on the rear wall between layer 7 quirk and the 8th layer of quirk.
5. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the roundabout connection of every layer of quirk, middle siliceous drawing Brick separates.
6. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the insulating brick of front wall and rear wall divides from the inside to the outside Wei not silica brick, chamotte brick, light weeight alumina brick and common brick.
7. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that between fugitive constituent Integration tunnel and batch can material Brick be ventilative brick with holes, by negative pressure by batch can fugitive constituent suck fugitive constituent Integration tunnel.
8. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that front wall fugitive constituent erects road connection fugitive constituent set Passage, front wall fugitive constituent erect road and connected upwards with the 4th layer of quirk, and front wall fugitive constituent erects road and connected with layer 5 quirk downwards.
9. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that fugitive constituent arm-tie is silica brick material, for adjusting Fugitive constituent erects the sectional area in road.
10. a kind of calciner plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set in the 8th layer of quirk bottom refractory material Furnace bottom cooling air passage, by sucking cooling air to reduce bottom refractory temperature, cooling air after wall upwards from Arranged outside furnace roof.
CN201410483984.3A 2014-09-22 2014-09-22 A kind of calciner plant Active CN105502331B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105502331A CN105502331A (en) 2016-04-20
CN105502331B true CN105502331B (en) 2017-12-15

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109579529B (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-11-05 晶海洋半导体材料(东海)有限公司 The can-type calcine furnace of laborsaving adjusting
CN111578732B (en) * 2020-05-15 2022-06-07 河南华索科技有限公司 Temperature control system of carbon tank type calcining furnace based on multi-flame path monitoring and implementation method thereof

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1686286A1 (en) * 1989-02-07 1991-10-23 Предприятие П/Я М-5409 Chamber furnace for calcination of carbon blanks
CN101585524B (en) * 2008-05-20 2011-04-06 沈阳铝镁设计研究院 Fugitive constituent and preheated air passage structure of tank type carbon calciner
CN201427871Y (en) * 2009-05-03 2010-03-24 潍坊联兴炭素有限公司 Carbon calcinator
CN202609945U (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-12-19 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Large downstream tank type incinerator
CN202993814U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-06-12 济宁碳素集团有限公司 Pot-type calcinator with volatile matter external leading path device

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