CN105501900A - Automatic feeder for bamboo strips - Google Patents

Automatic feeder for bamboo strips Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105501900A
CN105501900A CN201510891846.3A CN201510891846A CN105501900A CN 105501900 A CN105501900 A CN 105501900A CN 201510891846 A CN201510891846 A CN 201510891846A CN 105501900 A CN105501900 A CN 105501900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bamboo cane
roller
plane
block
bamboo
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Granted
Application number
CN201510891846.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105501900B (en
Inventor
贺永
杨飞飞
傅建中
赵海明
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Priority to CN201510891846.3A priority Critical patent/CN105501900B/en
Publication of CN105501900A publication Critical patent/CN105501900A/en
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Publication of CN105501900B publication Critical patent/CN105501900B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/04Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles
    • B65G47/12Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles
    • B65G47/14Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding
    • B65G47/1407Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/256Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles removing incorrectly orientated articles

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic feeder for bamboo strips. The automatic feeder comprises a feed mechanism and a discharge mechanism, and a recognizing and sorting mechanism and a turning mechanism are arranged between the feed mechanism and the discharge mechanism. The recognizing and sorting mechanism separates the bamboo strips with the yellow surfaces upward and the bamboo strips with the green surfaces upward, a receiving mechanism conveys the bamboo strips with the green surfaces upward to the turning mechanism, and a conveying mechanism conveys the bamboo strips with the yellow surfaces upward to the discharge mechanism. The turning mechanism comprises a turning block, a screw channel is formed in the turning block, and the bamboo strips with the green surfaces upward are turned by 180 degrees after passing through the screw channel and then enter the discharge mechanism. The automatic feeder has the beneficial effects that the bamboo strips with the yellow surfaces upward and the bamboo strips with the green surfaces upward can be effectively distinguished according to the characteristic that the difference between the friction coefficients of the upper surfaces and the lower surfaces of the bamboo strips is great, raw material for bamboo products can be automatically recognized, sorted and turned, the bamboo strips can be conveyed for being processed and waste can be avoided. In addition, the problems that the labor cost is high and the efficiency is low are solved.

Description

A kind of automatic feeding device of bamboo cane
Technical field
The invention belongs to bamboo wood processing technique field, specifically relate to a kind of automatic feeding device of bamboo cane.
Background technology
People like the article bamboo being easy to process made in various life, and it has durable, attractive in appearance, comfortable, healthy feature.In recent years because the consciousness of environmental protection is more and more taken seriously, market also gets more and more for the demand of bamboo product.But, the operation of giving the burring of bamboo inside face, polishing is still needing artificial feeding because the blue or green face of bamboo and yellow surface roughness completely different, do not need to polish to its outside face.Such mechanical type action had not only been wasted time and energy, efficiency but also low.
Self-propelled material transporter in the market mainly carries the material of stable homogeneous, and people only needs requirement and the program of determining control, without direct control.The self-propelled material transporter principle of bar is by upper and lower two rollers clamping of bar, utilizes the friction force between bar and roller to reach the effect of feeding.The automatic feeding principle of aluminium plate utilizes sucker that sheet material is delivered to desired location.And bamboo cane is not the material of stable homogeneous, this just proposes difficulty to feeder, needs to add means of identification.For the automatic feed mechanism of bamboo cane, also there is no reasonable implementation now, be still in the main stage adopting artificial feeding.The enterprise of current employing automatic feeding, is generally on vibrating disk, utilize the blue or green mask of bamboo cane to have certain radian, the feature of its bottom surface planarization, makes bamboo cane on the go carry out automatic flanging.But in reality processing, due to the difference of each bamboo cane, its turn-over reliability is not high, can not meet the needs of production.
In prior art, report a kind of overturning method of summer sleeping mat bamboo cane, the patent No. is adopt the bamboo cane of need arrange flowers boring or braiding to be positioned in the patent documentation of ZL201210546996.7 to be equipped with in the container of liquid, described liquid is quiescence or flow regime, the proportion of liquid is greater than the proportion of bamboo cane, bamboo cane rises to liquid surface under the effect of buoyancy, because the blue or green face of bamboo cane is different from the proportion in yellow face, bamboo cane overturns in uphill process, the Huang of the bamboo cane floating over liquid surface is faced up, and green grass or young crops faces down.But this method for turning needs bamboo cane to be immersed in liquid, follow-uply need drying process, need often to change liquid, technique is loaded down with trivial details, and cost is higher simultaneously.And above-mentioned method for turning, needs larger liquid surface area, to prevent bamboo cane from overlapping, the realization of impact upset, the volume of this turning device just causing it to use own is larger.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the invention provides a kind of automatic feeding device of bamboo cane, this device can distinguish the upper and lower surface of bamboo, allow the bamboo material after spy, after the link of burring, deliver to down with inside face form upward without any confusion and polish in operation together, make bamboo cane smooth surface smooth, yield rate is high.In addition, it is low that this device has cost, and automation intensity wants high, the feature that stability is good.
An automatic feeding device for bamboo cane, comprises feed mechanism and discharging mechanism, is provided with and identifies mechanism for sorting and switching mechanism between described feed mechanism and discharging mechanism;
Huang faces up by described identification mechanism for sorting and the supine bamboo cane of green grass or young crops is separated, and by material receiving mechanism, supine for green grass or young crops bamboo cane is flowed to switching mechanism, by conveying mechanism, supine for Huang bamboo cane is flowed to discharging mechanism;
Described switching mechanism comprises brick turning block, is provided with helical duct in this brick turning block, and blue or green supine bamboo cane realizes 180 ° of upsets after this helical duct, then enters discharging mechanism.
As preferably, described feed mechanism comprises:
Bottom is provided with the feed cylinder of discharging opening, is provided with one or more baffle plate feed cylinder being divided into multiple spatial accommodation in this feed cylinder;
The inner guiding block with guide channel, bamboo cane is converted to horizontal direction from vertical direction by this guiding block, and the inlet point of guide channel and the discharging opening of feed cylinder align mutually;
Belt conveyor, for receiving the bamboo cane that guiding block discharging opening exports, and drives this bamboo cane to continue to move ahead;
Be arranged on the guide roller above belt conveyor, be provided with between this guide roller and belt conveyor end face and drive bamboo cane finally to move to the working clearance identifying mechanism for sorting.
Described belt conveyor is arranged on the first bench board, adopts the form of Timing Belt, guarantees that bamboo cane moves ahead smoothly.
In technique scheme, arranging of baffle plate ensures that bamboo cane becomes the state of near vertical further, is convenient to the charging of bamboo cane.
As preferably, the discharging opening bottom feed cylinder is circular, and sets in a row.As preferably, also comprise the vibrating mechanism driving the vibration of described feed cylinder, blanking bucket adopts can oscillatory type, ensures that bamboo cane falls in guiding block smoothly, avoid bamboo cane stuck.
As preferably, it is circular that the inlet point of described guiding block is that diameter is greater than bamboo cane width, and the discharging opening of described guiding block is the rectangle with bamboo cane shape of cross section adaptation.Adopt this technical scheme, guiding block can rectangular shape, entrance, upper end is circular, exit, lower end is oblong (be rectangular bamboo cane for cross-sectional plane), inner increase from circle to rectangular arc-shaped transition section, oblong outlet can lie horizontally enter identification mechanism for sorting smoothly to adapt to bamboo cane.The diameter of circular inlet point is slightly larger than bamboo cane width (supposing that the width of bamboo cane is greater than thickness), and oblong discharging opening is corresponding with bamboo cane shape of cross section, and the former is slightly larger than the latter.
As preferably, between described feed cylinder and guiding block, be hinged with connecting rod;
Be sliding combined with slide block in described connecting rod, between this slide block top with described feed cylinder, be provided with the spring assembly impelling the relative link tilt of feed cylinder, between this slide block bottom and described guiding block, be provided with the retracing spring impelling connecting rod vertically to reset;
Also comprise connecting rod and the relatively-stationary lock piece of guiding block.
Adopt technique scheme, between blanking bucket and guiding block, adopt connecting rod and the slide block structure of hinges, the impulse force produced when utilizing the elastic force of retracing spring minimizing blanking bucket up and down.Described spring assembly can comprise two springs, be respectively big spring and little spring, the bottom of big spring and little spring is all fixed through connecting rod and described slide block top, and big spring top is arranged on above hinge position, connecting rod top, and little spring top is arranged on below hinge position, connecting rod top.By the deformation of retracing spring, slide block is moved, slide block moves and drives big spring and little spring generation deformation, due to the difference of big spring and little spring deformation, (big spring deformation is little, little spring deformation is large, be equivalent to pulling force that blanking bucket top is subject to and be greater than the pulling force that bottom is subject to), so that the position run-off the straight of blanking bucket changes, facilitate reinforced and feeding.Position in order to position time fixing blanking bucket is vertically placed and when tilting to change, connecting rod place is provided with being connected of hoodle and button, guiding block is provided with corresponding knock hole, by pressing and the release of button, realize projection and the withdrawal of hoodle, when hoodle is protruding, can offset with the knock hole on guiding block, the location of both realizations.
As preferably, described identification mechanism for sorting comprises:
Horizontally disposed plane roller, this plane roller is setting up and down two groups, and form the working clearance driving bamboo cane to move ahead between two groups of plane rollers, the driving direction of two groups of plane rollers is consistent with bamboo cane service direction;
The inclined-plane roller be obliquely installed be connected with plane roller exit side, this inclined-plane roller is setting up and down two groups, form between two groups of inclined-plane rollers and distinguish the different working clearance towards bamboo cane, wherein being positioned at the driving direction of inclined-plane roller of top and the Huang bamboo cane service direction that faces up consistent, proceeding to conveying mechanism for driving the Huang bamboo cane that faces up; Being positioned at the driving direction of inclined-plane roller of below and the Huang bamboo cane service direction that faces up contrary, coming downwards to material receiving mechanism for driving yellow ventricumbent bamboo cane.
In the present invention, described driving direction generally refers to the service direction rolling the position that road contacts with bamboo cane.
In technique scheme, utilize the different of the friction coefficient in the blue or green face of bamboo cane and yellow face, arrange the inclined-plane roller that upper and lower two groups of driving directions are different, and adopt the mode tilted to put inclined-plane roller, difference is more prone to be separated towards upper bamboo cane under gravity.During real-world operation, blue or green ventricumbent bamboo cane is subject to less resistance, can continue to move ahead along inclined-plane roller under the driving of one group of inclined-plane roller up, and yellow ventricumbent bamboo cane is owing to being subject to the larger resistance of the one group of inclined-plane roller in below, directly to drop to material receiving mechanism or from the working clearance rollback of inclined-plane roller to material receiving mechanism from plane roller outgoing side.This identification mechanism for sorting has very large alerting ability, and the roller cladded material of no roller steering collocation different coefficients of friction can obtain different results.
As preferred further, described plane roller or inclined-plane roller are many groups that arrange in pairs, often organize the working clearance being provided with between plane roller or inclined-plane roller and supplying bamboo cane process, the roller being wherein positioned at bamboo cane side is fixed by roller mounting ring and a roller Connection Block; Described roller mounting ring comprises:
The inner ring of coaxial setting, outer ring, described inner ring and described roller are fixed, and described outer ring and described roller Connection Block are fixed;
Be arranged on the regulating spring between inner ring and outer ring.
Adopt this technical scheme, plane roller or inclined-plane roller any direction on perpendicular can be realized carry out oneself's adjustment by arranging regulating spring.As further preferred, described regulating spring is three springs being mutually 120 degree of distributions.Compared with the roller fixed by roller mounting ring and roller Connection Block, the plane roller or the inclined-plane roller that are positioned at bamboo cane opposite side are directly fixed by bearing and roller Connection Block.Plane roller or inclined-plane roller all realize self driving by motor.
As preferably, described outer ring is fixed by coarse adjustment mechanism and described roller Connection Block, and described coarse adjustment mechanism comprises:
With the upper quarter butt that outer ring is fixing, upper quarter butt axle center place is coaxially fixed with screw mandrel;
With the lower quarter butt that roller Connection Block is fixing;
By the urceolus that upper quarter butt and lower quarter butt radial direction are fixed, in this urceolus, be provided with the thread plate coordinated with described screw mandrel.
Adopt this technical scheme, by the cooperation of leading screw and thread plate, the rotation displacement of urceolus can be converted to the longitudinal travel of leading screw, and then realize the adjustment to outer ring on upper quarter butt, the final coarse adjustment realized plane roller or inclined-plane scroll wheel positions.
Adopt technique scheme, regulating spring can be utilized to realize plane roller for one side or roller any direction on perpendicular in inclined-plane is finely tuned; On the other hand, the rotation of urceolus can also be utilized to carry out the coarse adjustment of plane roller or inclined-plane roller height, easy to adjust, strong adaptability.
As preferably, described conveying mechanism comprises:
Output table;
Be successively set on the first compacting roller and the second compacting roller of mechanism for sorting exit side, the height that the first compacting roller is arranged is greater than the height that the second compacting roller is arranged.Can realize the preliminary adjustment to bamboo cane service direction by the first compacting roller, the final adjustment that roller realizes bamboo cane service direction on output table suppressed by bronze drum second.
As preferably, described switching mechanism comprises:
Second bench board;
3rd compacting roller, being arranged on the second bench board, for receiving the bamboo cane of material receiving mechanism, and driving this bamboo cane to continue to move ahead;
Described brick turning block is arranged on the exit side of the 3rd compacting roller;
The table top of the inlet point of described brick turning block and the second bench board corresponding to discharging opening is equipped with direction recess, and groove groove depth is less than bamboo cane thickness.
Flipping block inside has smooth helical duct, and its cross-sectional plane is all oblong all the time, and bamboo cane enters wherein, still lie horizontally transmission smoothly after revolving turnback on the second bench board.Arranging of groove prevents bamboo cane from offseting further, and groove arranges multiple, meets the needs of many bamboo canes.The width of groove is slightly larger than bamboo cane, but thickness is slightly less than bamboo cane.3rd compacting roller contacts with bench board, and bamboo cane can not be crowded in a groove, but be slipped in each groove.
As preferably, described discharging mechanism comprises:
Joggling table;
Be arranged on the recoil spring bottom joggling table;
The 4th compacting roller is on a vibration table set, between the 4th compacting roller and vibration table surface, is provided with the gap for bamboo cane process.
The present invention in use, rambling bamboo cane is entirely spread on the table by the vibration of blanking bucket and guiding block, identifies that mechanism for sorting utilizes the difference of the roughness of bamboo cane surfaces externally and internally thus the bamboo cane of the inside face upwards bamboo cane in (yellow face) and outside face upwards (blue or green face) is made a distinction.Switching mechanism finally enters output table green grass or young crops after upper bamboo cane overturns.Yellow being sorted towards upper bamboo cane directly enters output table afterwards.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: utilize the feature that bamboo cane top and bottom friction coefficient difference is large, effective differentiation is blue or green towards upper and yellow towards upper bamboo cane, realize bamboo product raw MAT'L automation identification, sorting and upset, finally all bamboo canes are sent into generation processing, do not waste.Solve high, the inefficient problem of cost of labor.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is bamboo product automatic feeding structure schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is bamboo product automatic feeding structure schematic top plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of guiding block.
Fig. 4 is the isometric drawing identifying sorting identification mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of helical orbit in the structure of brick turning block.
Fig. 6 is blanking box working state schematic representation in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of switching mechanism.
Fig. 8 be Fig. 4 do not sort each roller in identification mechanism turn to figure.
Mark in accompanying drawing is as follows: 1-motor, 2-drop-gear box, 3-the first bench board, 4-guiding block, 5-connecting rod, 6-blanking bucket, 7-guide roller, 8-fixed mount, 9-roller mounting ring, 10-regulating spring, 11-the first compacting roller, 12-the second compacting roller, 13-the three compacting roller, 14-flipping block, 15-block, 16-the four compacting roller, 17-joggling table, 18-fixed mount, 19-belt, 20-the second bench board, 21-roller Connection Block, 22-Timing Belt, 23-baffle plate, 24-inclined-plane roller, 24a-upper roller, 24b-bottom roller, 25-plane roller, 25a-roller, 25b-roller, 26-circular hole, 27-little spring, 28-big spring, 29-slide block, 30-main spring, 31-catch, 32-button, 33-hoodle, 34-guiding duct, 43-groove, 44-helical orbit, 45-output table, 46 bamboo canes.
Detailed description of the invention
The realization of the object of the invention, functional characteristics and implementation result, be described further below in conjunction with specific embodiment and accompanying drawing.Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail, allows person skilled in art the present invention may be better understood and can be implemented.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of bamboo cane automatic feeding, comprises feed mechanism, identifies the different identification mechanism for sorting towards bamboo cane, accepts the material receiving mechanism of the blue or green bamboo cane that faces up, switching mechanism that the bamboo cane that faces up to green grass or young crops overturns, conveying mechanism that the bamboo cane that to face up to Huang leads and the output mechanism for exporting yellow supine bamboo cane.
Wherein feed mechanism comprises blanking bucket 6, connecting rod 5, guiding block 4, first bench board 3 and guide roller 7.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, wherein be provided with baffle plate 23 in blanking bucket 6, circular hole 2 is provided with bottom blanking bucket 6, blanking bucket 6 is separated into several district by plate 23, blanking bucket is provided with vibrating mechanism, and blanking barrel 6 self can be vibrated, and makes bamboo cane oneself adjustment enter in circular hole 26, vibrating mechanism can adopt vibrating motor, and oscillation frequency elects 200 hertz as.Blanking bucket 6 is separated into several district by baffle plate 23, then by bamboo cane under vibrating mechanism effect, with vertical form enter guiding block 4.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the top of connecting rod 5 and bottom are movably hinged with blanking bucket 6 and the block 4 that leads respectively, and connecting rod 5 needs certain intensity, therefore adopt 45 steel, and there are the track and catch 31 that move for slide block 29 in inside.Wherein slider track is taked to refine processing mode, and catch 31 moves down the limit for limiting slide block 29.Slide block 29 is slidably arranged in connecting rod 5, also uses 45 Steel materials, fine grinding process.Slide block 29 top is fixed with blanking bucket 6 both sides by little spring 27, big spring 28 simultaneously, and wherein the top of big spring 28 top, little spring 27 lays respectively at above and below the hinge position on connecting rod 5 top.Little spring 27, big spring 28 bottom are each passed through connecting rod 5 and fix with slide block 29 top.Little spring 27 is that deformation ratio is greater than big spring 28, be namely subject to identical stressed time, big spring deformation is less.Slide block 29 bottom and main spring 30 top are fixed, and main spring 30 bottom is fixed through connecting rod 5 and guiding block 4.Connecting rod 5 is provided with being connected of hoodle 33 and button 32, protrusion and the retracted state of hoodle 33 can be realized by pressing button 32, guiding block 4 both sides are respectively equipped with the knock hole coordinated with hoodle 33, when hoodle 33 protrudes, coordinate with knock hole, realize connecting rod 5 and the relative fixing of block 4 that lead, thus achieve the fixing of the vertical state of connecting rod 5.
Blanking bucket adopts and is movably hinged, by the deformation of main spring 30, slide block 29 is moved, slide block 29 moves and drives little spring 27, deformation occurs big spring 28, due to little spring 27, big spring 28 deformational displacement difference, the position run-off the straight of blanking bucket 6 is caused to change, position when utilizing hoodle and button can fix position time blanking bucket 6 is vertically placed and tilt to change, fixes this position.
As shown in Figure 3, the rectangular shape of guiding block 4 profile, inside is provided with some by the guiding duct 34 of bamboo cane from vertical status level state, guiding upper end, duct 34 is vertically arranged, and entrance vertically upward, and is circular, lower end is horizontally disposed with, outlet level towards, and be oblong, inside, guiding duct 34 increases from circle to rectangular transition phase.Guiding entrance, upper end, duct 34 is circular, aligns with the circular hole 26 of blanking bucket 6; Oblong outlet can lie horizontally enter identification mechanism for sorting smoothly to adapt to bamboo cane.
(bamboo cane adopted in the present embodiment is for being about 1 meter slightly larger than the maximum width of bamboo cane for the diameter of the round entrance of guiding upper end, duct 34, wide about 30mm, thick about 5mm), being convenient to bamboo cane enters in guiding duct 34 smoothly, the oblong outlet in guiding duct 34 is corresponding with bamboo cane shape of cross section, and the former is slightly larger than the latter.The material of guiding block 4 can adopt aluminium, and its inside face has very high smoothness, therefore inner wool buff polishing.
The inclination angle & of guiding block 7 inside face and vertical surface 1, guiding diverse location inclination angle, duct 34 & 1for changing value, demand fulfillment & 1be greater than the friction angle θ of bamboo cane 1, θ 1computing formula is as follows:
θ 1=tan -1(f 1)
Wherein, f 1for the friction coefficient between bamboo cane and guiding block inside face.
First bench board 3 is provided with belt conveyor, is driven by drive motor, for accepting the bamboo cane exported by guiding block, ensures that bamboo cane moves ahead smoothly.
Guide roller 7 is arranged on the first bench board 3, is positioned at above belt conveyor, the working clearance for passing through for bamboo cane between guide roller 7 and belt conveyor, and guide roller 7 is fixed by fixed mount 8 and the first bench board 3.Guide roller 7 is driven by motor and drop-gear box equally.Guide roller 7 rotation direction is consistent with bamboo cane service direction, it is anticlockwise direction in figure, after the oblong outlet of guiding block 4 is stretched out in bamboo cane bottom, belt conveyor on first bench board drives bamboo cane to continue to move forward, insert between guide roller 7 and the table top of the first bench board simultaneously, guide roller 7 firmly can be pushed down bamboo cane, and such bamboo cane would not hold up again, continues to drive bamboo cane lie horizontally simultaneously and moves ahead.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, identify that mechanism for sorting comprises roller Connection Block 21, the plane roller 25 be fixed on roller Connection Block 21, inclined-plane roller 24.The general material of the surface roughness of plane roller 25, tentatively to remove the burr of bamboo cane, mainly plays the effect of conveying bamboo cane further.The gradient of inclined-plane roller 24 is 15-20 degree angle, and its surface coating material elects cotton-wool or wool as, increases the friction force in the yellow face with bamboo cane.
As shown in Figure 8, plane roller 25, inclined-plane roller 24 be two groups of roller structures setting up and down, between two groups of rollers formed drive bamboo cane advance working clearance.In two groups of plane rollers 25, two the roller 25a being positioned at bamboo cane 46 end face rotate counterclockwise, and two the roller 25b being positioned at bamboo cane bottom surface rotate clockwise, and ensure the driving direction of plane roller 25 forward, consistent with the direction that bamboo cane 46 is run.Inclined-plane roller 24 adopts and is obliquely installed, and often organize roller four rolling composition, the gap between two groups of rollers is the gap that blue or green ventricumbent bamboo cane is passed through.One group of roller that inclined-plane roller 24 is positioned at bamboo cane bottom surface is bottom roller 24b, bottom roller 24b adopts anticlockwise direction to roll, in bottom roller 24b, to locate driving direction in the intervals of business contrary with the service direction of bamboo cane for each roller, so that green grass or young crops is towards upper bamboo cane to falling in Timing Belt 22, remaining one group of roller being positioned at bamboo cane end face is upper roller 24a, upper roller 24a adopts anticlockwise direction to rotate, it is identical with the service direction of bamboo cane that each upper roller 24a locates driving direction in the intervals of business, ensures that Huang continues forward towards upper bamboo cane.Gap length simultaneously on plane roller 25 between bottom roller is less than the gap between the upper bottom roller of inclined-plane roller 24, so can produce enough large friction force, yellow supine bamboo cane 46 is advanced; Inclined-plane roller 24 is greater than the total length of bamboo cane 46 along the stroke total length of bevel direction, can guarantee bamboo cane like this after by plane roller 25 also not completely by inclined-plane roller 24, ensure further different towards bamboo cane be fully separated.
The realization of inclined-plane roller 24 function, need by the calculating of some parameters---the friction coefficient (f of upper bottom roller 2for friction coefficient, the f of bottom roller 3friction coefficient for upper roller), the inclination angle & that places of its applied force F and inclined-plane roller 2.Object allows green grass or young crops fall smoothly in lower Timing Belt towards upper bamboo cane, but do not allow again yellow supine bamboo cane landing.The relational expression of parameters is as follows:
F 2× F < mg × sin δ 2+ f 3× (mg × cos δ 2+ F) (being applicable to blue or green supine bamboo cane)
F 2× F > mg × sin δ 2+ f 3× (mg × cos δ 2+ F) (being applicable to yellow supine bamboo cane)
Plane roller 25 above bamboo cane, inclined-plane roller 24 are fixed by roller mounting ring 9 and roller Connection Block 21, the inner ring be nested inside and outside roller mounting ring 9 comprises and outer ring, be arranged on three regulating springs 10 that the one-tenth 120 ° of homogeneous radiation shapes between inner ring and outer ring arrange, the upper quarter butt fixed with outer ring and the lower quarter butt fixing with roller Connection Block 21.Outer ring is fixed on roller Connection Block 21, inner ring connects with plane roller 25, inclined-plane roller 24, the regulating spring 10 being mutually 120 degree of distributions with 3 between inner ring with outer ring is connected, by regulating spring 10, plane roller 25, inclined-plane roller 24 can carry out oneself's fine setting adjustment by any direction on perpendicular.Plane roller 25 below bamboo cane, inclined-plane roller 24 are directly fixed by bearing and roller Connection Block 21.
Outer ring and the upper quarter butt of roller mounting ring 9 are fixed together, and lower quarter butt and roller Connection Block 21 are fixed together.Be fixed with fixed plate bottom upper quarter butt, fixed plate center is fixed with screw mandrel; Upper quarter butt and lower quarter butt are linked together by urceolus, urceolus upper and lower opening, and middle part is the thread plate with screw.The screw of thread plate coordinates with wire rod thread.The bottom of upper quarter butt is inserted in the upper shed of urceolus, the top of lower quarter butt is inserted in the under shed of urceolus, be provided with the cavity of dodging leading screw bottom in lower quarter butt, urceolus coordinates with small―gap suture between upper quarter butt and lower quarter butt, can ensure that urceolus can rotate relative to upper quarter butt and lower quarter butt circumference.During actual use, by rotating urceolus, urceolus 39 rotates and drives thread plate to rotate, and then is converted into moving axially of screw mandrel, thus realizes the coarse adjustment of pair roller mounting ring 9.
Inner ring, outer ring, upper quarter butt, urceolus, lower quarter butt all adopt the material of 45 steel, gain in strength.The present invention utilizes the rotation of urceolus to carry out plane roller 25, the coarse adjustment of inclined-plane roller 24 on vertical height, thus realizes coarse adjustment and finely tune the object combined.The weight of plane roller 25, inclined-plane roller 24 and roller mounting ring 9 is enough large, and the charging of bamboo cane can not cause quarter butt, urceolus to depart from lower quarter butt, and bamboo cane, to the application force of upper quarter butt, urceolus, can be ignored.
The first compacting roller 11 and the second compacting roller 12 and the output table 45 being arranged on roller Connection Block 21 mouth is comprised to the Huang conveying mechanism that bamboo cane leads that faces up, the compacting gap of the first compacting roller 11 is larger, arrange near inclined-plane roller 24 mouth, the supine bamboo cane of Huang of inclined-plane roller 24 output is carried out to the preliminary guiding in horizontal direction, the compacting gap of the second compacting roller 12 is less, and the supine bamboo cane of Huang of output is exported to for output mechanism by delivery port.
The material receiving mechanism accepting the blue or green bamboo cane that faces up is Timing Belt 22 and driver train, and Timing Belt 22 comprises the horizontal synchronization band receiving the bamboo cane that identification mechanism for sorting separates and inclined synchronous band portion bamboo cane on bamboo cane horizontal synchronization band being continued conveying.The angle of inclination of inclined synchronous band is 15-20 degree.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, green grass or young crops is faced up to the switching mechanism that bamboo cane overturns comprises the second bench board 20, the 3rd compacting roller 13 and flipping block 14, the block 15 be arranged on the second bench board 20.Second bench board 20 input end tilts to inclined synchronous band mouth direction, ensures that blue or green supine bamboo cane enters on the second bench board 20 smoothly.3rd compacting roller 13 is arranged near inclined synchronous band mouth, changes horizontal motion into, bamboo cane be fed forward further simultaneously for the supine bamboo cane of green grass or young crops exported by inclined synchronous band.
As shown in figure 5 and figure 7, flipping block 14 inside arranges helical orbit 44, and the cross-sectional plane of helical orbit 44 is rectangle, and this helical orbit can make bamboo cane revolve turnback, exchanges top and bottom.Its angle of rotation need be less than the friction angle of bamboo cane, and this calculates and guiding bulk inner inclination angle & 1compute classes seemingly.Upset track 44 inside has very high smoothness, and has certain length, prevents bamboo cane excessive distortion.
Shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, on the table top of the second bench board 20, the position corresponding with helical orbit entrance and exit, be provided with the groove 43 kept at a certain distance away, the width of groove 43 is slightly larger than bamboo cane, but thickness is slightly less than bamboo cane, bamboo cane can be entered the second bench board 20 after the inclined synchronous of Timing Belt 22 brings out in an orderly manner, not overlappingly along the conduit of groove 43.
Block 15 is arranged in pairs, the position of two blocks 15 placements of paired setting is positioned at groove 43 both sides of flipping block 14 outlet, between two blocks 15, gap width is consistent with flipping block 14 exit width, after flipping block 14, comparatively large deformation is occurring, offset track to prevent some bamboo cane.
The present invention needs the parts rotated that motor 1, drop-gear box 2 and belt 19 all can be adopted as engine installation, and wherein motor 1 is chosen as DC machine, the optional fast coupling of coupler, the optional odontoid belt of belt 19.
Output mechanism involving vibrations platform the 17, the 4th suppresses roller 16 and fixed mount 18, and the oscillation frequency of joggling table 17 is 50 hertz, and is plane vibration, and the bamboo cane that difference is passed by up and down can not overlap output.Bottom joggling table 17, corner is provided with recoil spring.
In use, raw MAT'L---bamboo cane one meets experience three process together in the present invention:
Operation one: first button is pressed 32 times by workman, hoodle 33 loses fixation, and blanking bucket 6 drops down onto the position of dotted line in Fig. 3, and rambling bamboo cane is placed in blanking bucket 6, and the bamboo cane baffle plate 23 in bucket separates, and prevents bamboo cane too slant setting.By the vibration of blanking bucket 6, bamboo cane falls into guiding block 4 smoothly, and make through the smooth guiding duct of inside bamboo cane finally lie horizontally and export on the first bench board 3, guide roller 7 firmly can be pushed down bamboo cane, such bamboo cane would not hold up again, continues lie horizontally to move ahead.
Operation two: bamboo cane is first through plane roller 25, next if Huang is towards upper bamboo cane, friction force suffered by it mainly comes from the upper roller of inclined-plane roller 24, can move along with the rotation direction of upper roller, because the rotation direction of upper roller is conter clockwise, so green grass or young crops directly can send into joggling table 17 towards upper bamboo cane, converge with other bamboo cane and enter further processing.But if green grass or young crops is towards upper bamboo cane, friction force suffered by it mainly comes from the bottom roller of inclined-plane roller 24, can move along with the rotation direction of bottom roller, because the rotation direction of bottom roller is conter clockwise, so green grass or young crops can fall into towards upper bamboo cane on the Timing Belt 22 that is positioned at and identifies below mechanism for sorting.Identify that mechanism for sorting utilizes the difference of the roughness of bamboo cane surfaces externally and internally thus the bamboo cane of the inside face upwards bamboo cane in (yellow face) and outside face upwards (blue or green face) is made a distinction.
Operation three: switching mechanism effect is that green grass or young crops is finally entered output table after upper bamboo cane overturns, only has green grass or young crops just can enter this procedure towards upper bamboo cane.Bamboo cane moves up along with Timing Belt 22, adjusts posture, lie horizontally and enter flipping block 14 after contact the 3rd compacting roller 13, exporting, by entering joggling table 17 after block 15, finally entering further processing after the helical orbit of interior smooth being revolved turnback.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: utilize the feature that bamboo cane top and bottom friction coefficient difference is large, effective differentiation is blue or green towards upper and yellow towards upper bamboo cane, realize bamboo product raw MAT'L automation identification, sorting and upset, finally all bamboo canes are sent into generation processing, do not waste.This device has the advantage that cost is low, efficiency is high, good reliability, flexibility ratio are high.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic feeding device for bamboo cane, comprises feed mechanism and discharging mechanism, it is characterized in that, is provided with and identifies mechanism for sorting and switching mechanism between described feed mechanism and discharging mechanism;
Huang faces up by described identification mechanism for sorting and the supine bamboo cane of green grass or young crops is separated, and by material receiving mechanism, supine for green grass or young crops bamboo cane is flowed to switching mechanism, by conveying mechanism, supine for Huang bamboo cane is flowed to discharging mechanism;
Described switching mechanism comprises brick turning block, is provided with helical duct in this brick turning block, and blue or green supine bamboo cane realizes 180 ° of upsets after this helical duct, then enters discharging mechanism.
2. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described feed mechanism comprises:
Bottom is provided with the feed cylinder of discharging opening, is provided with one or more baffle plate feed cylinder being divided into multiple spatial accommodation in this feed cylinder;
The inner guiding block with guide channel, bamboo cane is converted to horizontal direction from vertical direction by this guiding block, and the inlet point of guide channel and the discharging opening of feed cylinder align mutually;
Belt conveyor, for receiving the bamboo cane that guiding block discharging opening exports, and drives this bamboo cane to continue to move ahead;
Be arranged on the guide roller above belt conveyor, be provided with between this guide roller and belt conveyor end face and drive bamboo cane finally to move to the working clearance identifying mechanism for sorting.
3. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the inlet point of described guiding block is that diameter is greater than bamboo cane width circle, and the discharging opening of described guiding block is the rectangle with bamboo cane shape of cross section adaptation.
4. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Connecting rod is hinged with between described feed cylinder and guiding block;
Be sliding combined with slide block in described connecting rod, between this slide block top with described feed cylinder, be provided with the spring assembly impelling the relative link tilt of feed cylinder, between this slide block bottom and described guiding block, be provided with the retracing spring impelling connecting rod vertically to reset;
Also comprise connecting rod and the relatively-stationary lock piece of guiding block.
5. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described identification mechanism for sorting comprises:
Horizontally disposed plane roller, this plane roller is setting up and down two groups, and form the working clearance driving bamboo cane to move ahead between two groups of plane rollers, the driving direction of two groups of plane rollers is consistent with bamboo cane service direction;
The inclined-plane roller be obliquely installed be connected with plane roller exit side, this inclined-plane roller is setting up and down two groups, form between two groups of inclined-plane rollers and distinguish the different working clearance towards bamboo cane, wherein being positioned at the driving direction of inclined-plane roller of top and the Huang bamboo cane service direction that faces up consistent, proceeding to conveying mechanism for driving the Huang bamboo cane that faces up; Being positioned at the driving direction of inclined-plane roller of below and the Huang bamboo cane service direction that faces up contrary, coming downwards to material receiving mechanism for driving yellow ventricumbent bamboo cane.
6. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described plane roller or inclined-plane roller are many groups that arrange in pairs, often organize the working clearance being provided with between plane roller or inclined-plane roller and supplying bamboo cane process, the roller being wherein positioned at bamboo cane side is fixed by roller mounting ring and a roller Connection Block; Described roller mounting ring comprises:
The inner ring of coaxial setting, outer ring, described inner ring and described roller are fixed, and described outer ring and described roller Connection Block are fixed;
Be arranged on the regulating spring between inner ring and outer ring.
7. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described outer ring is fixed by coarse adjustment mechanism and described roller Connection Block, and described coarse adjustment mechanism comprises:
With the upper quarter butt that outer ring is fixing, upper quarter butt axle center place is coaxially fixed with screw mandrel;
With the lower quarter butt that roller Connection Block is fixing;
By the urceolus that upper quarter butt and lower quarter butt radial direction are fixed, in this urceolus, be provided with the thread plate coordinated with described screw mandrel.
8. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described conveying mechanism comprises:
Output table;
Be successively set on the first compacting roller and the second compacting roller of mechanism for sorting exit side, the height that the first compacting roller is arranged is greater than the height that the second compacting roller is arranged.
9. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described switching mechanism comprises:
Second bench board;
3rd compacting roller, being arranged on the second bench board, for receiving the bamboo cane of material receiving mechanism, and driving this bamboo cane to continue to move ahead;
Described brick turning block is arranged on the exit side of the 3rd compacting roller;
The table top of the inlet point of described brick turning block and the second bench board corresponding to discharging opening is equipped with direction recess, and groove groove depth is less than bamboo cane thickness.
10. the automatic feeding device of bamboo cane according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described discharging mechanism comprises:
Joggling table;
Be arranged on the recoil spring bottom joggling table;
The 4th compacting roller is on a vibration table set, between the 4th compacting roller and vibration table surface, is provided with the gap for bamboo cane process.
CN201510891846.3A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of automatic feeding device of bamboo cane Active CN105501900B (en)

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CN105690524A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-06-22 湖北省林业科学研究院 Efficient automatic bamboo strip feeding equipment
CN106346137A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 浙江双枪竹木有限公司 Full automatic laser engraving method of bamboo chopsticks
CN107720229A (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-02-23 安徽天达机器视觉有限公司 A kind of bamboo cane feeder
CN108015656A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-11 浙江格铭工艺品有限公司 A kind of bamboo blocks deburring all-in-one machine
CN108861490A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-11-23 漳州市炯辉机械有限公司 A kind of high accurate identification round log rotary-cut assembly line
CN110774067A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-11 桃江冰梦家居用品有限公司 Automatic sub-piece feeding and punching equipment for bamboo mat production process
CN111300256A (en) * 2020-03-04 2020-06-19 汪宇波 Polishing machine
CN111517074A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-11 广州佳优华信息科技有限公司 Divide material with partial shipment assembly line

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CN105690524A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-06-22 湖北省林业科学研究院 Efficient automatic bamboo strip feeding equipment
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CN108015656A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-11 浙江格铭工艺品有限公司 A kind of bamboo blocks deburring all-in-one machine
CN108861490A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-11-23 漳州市炯辉机械有限公司 A kind of high accurate identification round log rotary-cut assembly line
CN108861490B (en) * 2018-05-17 2020-08-25 漳州市炯辉机械有限公司 High-precision round log rotary-cut assembly line
CN110774067A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-11 桃江冰梦家居用品有限公司 Automatic sub-piece feeding and punching equipment for bamboo mat production process
CN111300256A (en) * 2020-03-04 2020-06-19 汪宇波 Polishing machine
CN111517074A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-08-11 广州佳优华信息科技有限公司 Divide material with partial shipment assembly line

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