CN105497747A - 健脾温胃止痛汤 - Google Patents

健脾温胃止痛汤 Download PDF

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CN105497747A
CN105497747A CN201510950985.9A CN201510950985A CN105497747A CN 105497747 A CN105497747 A CN 105497747A CN 201510950985 A CN201510950985 A CN 201510950985A CN 105497747 A CN105497747 A CN 105497747A
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parts
radix
rhizoma
spleen
decoction
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朱建丽
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Xingyang Tengben Health Products Co Ltd
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Xingyang Tengben Health Products Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种健脾温胃止痛汤,采用的原料药材分别是:香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份。本发明所述健脾温胃止痛汤,具有温健脾胃、调畅气机、消炎止痛的功效,用于慢性胃炎、脾胃虚寒、气滞不舒具有确切效果。

Description

健脾温胃止痛汤
[0001]
技术领域
[0002]本发明涉及一种中药领域,具体涉及一种健脾温胃止痛汤,具有温健脾胃、调畅气机、消炎止痛的功效,用于慢性胃炎、脾胃虚寒、气滞不舒有确切效果。
[0003]
背景技术
[0004]慢性胃炎系指不同病因引起的各种慢性胃黏膜炎性病变,是一种常见病,其发病率在各种胃病中居首位。自纤维内镜广泛应用以来,对本病认识有明显提高。常见慢性浅表性胃炎、慢性糜烂性胃炎和慢性萎缩性胃炎。后者黏膜肠上皮化生,常累及贲门,伴有G细胞丧失和胃泌素分泌减少,也可累及胃体,伴有泌酸腺的丧失,导致胃酸,胃蛋白酶和内源性因子的减少。慢性胃炎缺乏特异性症状,症状的轻重与胃黏膜的病变程度并非一致。大多数病人常无症状或有程度不同的消化不良症状如上腹隐痛、食欲减退、餐后饱胀、反酸等。慢性萎缩性胃炎患者可有贫血、消瘦、舌炎、腹泻等,个别病人伴黏膜糜烂者上腹痛较明显,并可有出血,如呕血、黑便。症状常常反复发作,无规律性腹痛,疼痛经常出现于进食过程中或餐后,多数位于上腹部、脐周、部分患者部位不固定,轻者间歇性隐痛或钝痛、严重者为剧烈绞痛。
[0005]
发明内容
[0006]本发明的目的在于提供一种健脾温胃止痛汤,具有温健脾胃、调畅气机、消炎止痛的功效,用于慢性胃炎、脾胃虚寒、气滞不舒有确切效果。
[0007]本发明采用的技术方案是:
所述健脾温胃止痛汤,采用的原料药材分别是:香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份。
[0008]其制备方法是,步骤一)将原料药材香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份,去除杂质,用凉开水快速淘洗,沥水晒干。
[0009]步骤二)、把步骤一)所获原料药材分别制成饮片,置适宜煎煮器中,加入清水适量,浸泡适宜时间,加热至沸,保持微沸状态一定时间(约0.5〜1.5小时),分离煎出液;
步骤三)、把步骤二)所获得过滤后的药渣再加水适量煎煮,按规定煎煮2〜3次后,合并煎出液,过滤或沉降分离煎出液;
步骤四)、把步骤三)所获中药制剂进行密封包装,获得商品中药制剂。
[0010]本发明选取的原料药材中,其功效和药理作用分别是: 香附:理气解郁;调经止痛;安胎。主胁肋胀痛;乳房胀育;疝气疼痛;月经不调;脘腹痞满疼痛;嗳气吞酸,呕恶;经行腹痛;崩漏带下;胎动不安。用于肝郁气滞,胸、胁、脘腹胀痛,消化不良,胸脘痞闷,寒疝腹痛,乳房胀痛,月经不调,经闭痛经。
[0011]高良姜:【性味归经】辛,热。归脾、胃经。【功能主治】温胃散寒,消食止痛。用于脘腹冷痛,胃寒呕吐,嗳气吞酸。
[0012]黄芪:具有1、表虚自汗,多用于体虚表弱所致的自汗。2、阴虚盗汗;3、急性肾炎水月中,用于阳气不足所致的虚性水肿;4、慢性肾炎水肿、脾肾虚者;5、阳气虚弱,用于疮疡久不溃破而内陷,有促进溃破及局限作用。6、疮疡久溃不愈,用于疮疡溃破后,久不收口,有生肌收口之作用;7、脾气虚证,虚弱倦怠,泄泻,中气下陷,脏器脱垂,食少纳呆诸症。8、肺气虚证。咳喘日久,气短神疲,痰雍于肺无力咯出。9、多汗而浮肿。10、用于气虚衰弱,倦怠乏力,或中气下陷、脱肛、子宫脱垂。性味:甘,微温。归经:归肺、脾、肝、肾经;有增强机体免疫功能、保肝、利尿、抗衰老、抗应激、降压和较广泛的抗菌作用。
[0013] 三七:[性味归经]:性温、味甘、微苦、无毒、归肝、胃经。功能:止血;散血;定痛。主治:跌扑瘀肿,胸痹绞痛,症瘕;血瘀经闭;痛经;产后瘀阴腹痛;疮痈肿痛。
[0014]茯苓:性味甘淡平,入心、肺、脾经。具有渗湿利水,健脾和胃,宁心安神的功效。能增强机体免疫功能,茯苓多糖有明显的抗肿瘤及保肝脏作用。可治小便不利,水肿胀满,痰饮咳逆,呕逆,恶阻,泄泻,遗精,淋浊,惊悸,健忘等症。
[0015]瓦楞子:化学成分:均主含碳酸钙,并含有机质及少量铁、镁、硅酸盐、磷酸盐等。药理作用:碳酸钙能中和胃酸,减轻胃之疼痛。
[0016]延胡索:功能主治:活血,散瘀,理气,止痛。治心腹腰膝诸痛,月经不调,症瘕,崩中,产后血晕,恶露不尽,跌打损伤。
[0017]白芍:化学成分:芍药甙、牡丹酚、芍药花甙,尚含苯甲酸、挥发油、脂肪油、树脂、鞣质、糖、淀粉、粘液质、蛋白质、β—谷留醇和三萜类等。药性功效:白芍性凉,味苦酸,微寒,具有补血养血、平抑肝阳、柔肝止痛、敛阴止汗等功效,适用于阴虚发热、月经不调、胸腹胁肋疼痛、四肢挛急,泻痢腹痛、自汗盗汗、崩漏、带下等症。芍药甙有抗菌、解热、抗炎、增加冠状动脉流量、改善心肌营养血流、扩张血管、对抗急性心肌缺血、抑制血小板聚集、镇静、镇痛、解痉、抗溃疡、调节血糖的作用。白芍煎剂能抑制痢疾杆菌、肺炎链球菌、大肠杆菌、伤寒杆菌、溶血性链球菌、绿脓杆菌等。
[0018] 栀子:功效:泻火除烦;清热利湿;凉血解毒;焦栀子:凉血止血。主治:热病心烦;肝火目赤;头痛;湿热黄疸;淋证;血痢尿血;口舌生疮;疮疡肿毒;扭伤肿痛。
[0019]菟丝子:味辛、甘,性微温;归肝、肾、脾经;气和性缓,能浮能沉。具有补肾益精,养肝明目,健脾固胎。主治腰痛耳鸣,阳痿遗精,消渴,不育,遗尿失禁,淋浊带下,头目昏暗,食少泄泻,胎动不安。
[0020]葛根:具有滋身健体、抗衰老、降压、降糖、降脂、增加皮肤弹性、润肤等功效。葛根中所含异黄酮具有滋润皮肤、恢复皮肤弹性的作用,还可以减缓骨骼组织细胞的老化,有助于钙质的吸收,减少骨钙丢失,增加骨密度并阻止骨骼的中空消溶,从而远离骨质疏松。葛根中的活性成分能够预防心脑血管等疾病以及有效缓解更年期综合症,又能延年益寿、增进健康,是中年女性日常保健、提高生活质量的理想选择。最值得推荐的是,女性常吃葛根,可以促使胸部发育增大,这主要就是异黄酮的功劳。化学成分:葛根主要含异黄酮类之葛根素和三萜类葛皂醇等成分。
[0021]当归:【化学成分】含基本内酯、正丁烯酰内酯、阿魏酸、烟酸、蔗糖和多种氨基酸,以及倍半萜类化合物等。【性味归经】性温,昧甘、辛。归肝、心、脾经。【功能主治】补血活血,调经止痛,润肠通便。用于血虚萎黄、眩晕心悸、月经不调、经闭痛经、虚寒腹痛、肠燥便秘、风湿痹痛、跌扑损伤、痈疽疮疡。
[0022] 桃仁:【性味归经】苦、甘,平。归心、肝、大肠经。【功能主治】活血祛瘀,润肠通便,止咳平喘。用于经闭,痛经,癥瘕痞块,跌扑损伤,肠燥便秘。
[0023]肉苁蓉:【性味】归经甘、咸,温。归肾、大肠经。【功能主治】补肾阳,益精血,润肠通便。用于阳痿,不孕,腰膝酸软,筋骨无力,肠燥便秘。用于肾虚阳痿,遗精早泄及腰膝冷痛,筋骨痉弱。治肾虚阳痿、遗精、早泄等症。
[0024]白豆蔻:味辛、性温,归肺、脾、胃经。功能主治:化湿行气;温中止呕;开胃消食。主湿阻气滞;脾胃不和;脘腹胀满;不思饮食;湿温初起;胸闷不饥;胃寒呕吐;食积不消。
[0025] 桂枝:【主治】散寒解表;温通经脉;通阳化气。主风寒表证;寒湿痹痛;四肢厥冷;经闭痛经;症瘕结块;胸痹;心悸;痰饮;小便不利。用于风寒感冒,脘腹冷痛,血寒经闭,关节痹痛,痰饮,水肿,心悸,奔豚。【功效】发汗解肌,温经通脉,助阳化气,散寒止痛。
[0026]以上方所选用的原料药材药性效互补,规避了药物之间配伍的相恶、相畏、相杀之选,使药物相须、相使作用显著,具有提高免疫力作用。在治疗上能达到温健脾胃、调畅气机、消炎止痛的目的。用于慢性胃炎、脾胃虚寒、气滞不舒具有确切疗效。本发明中中药的功效在临床应用当中得到了证实,临床药效试验材料及典型病例:
1.房XX,男,41岁。2002年5月21日初诊:患者于4年前开始出现胃脘痛,症状时轻时重,2周前饮食不慎,胃脘痛加重,做胃镜显示:慢性胃炎。现症:胃脘胀痛,烧心,返酸,空腹及夜间痛甚,有时大便溏,眠安,舌暗红,苔薄白,脉沉弦。治宜温健脾胃、调畅气机、消炎止痛法。服本方6剂后,胃脘痛减轻,无烧心,返酸,舌黯红,苔薄白。继续服用本方12剂后,症状消失,病愈。
[0027]方法和有效量:香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份。
[0028]其制备方法是,步骤一)将原料药材香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份,去除杂质,用凉开水快速淘洗,沥水晒干。
[0029]步骤二)、把步骤一)所获原料药材分别制成饮片,置适宜煎煮器中,加入清水适量,浸泡适宜时间,加热至沸,保持微沸状态一定时间(约0.5〜1.5小时),分离煎出液;
步骤三)、把步骤二)所获得过滤后的药渣再加水适量煎煮,按规定煎煮2〜3次后,合并煎出液,过滤或沉降分离煎出液;
步骤四)、把步骤三)所获中药制剂进行密封包装,获得商品中药制剂。
[0030]汤剂内服为主,每日I剂,水煎服,早、晚各服I次,每次150ml温服。
[0031]
具体实施方式
[0032]本发明所述健脾温胃止痛汤,采用的原料药材分别是:香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、英丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份。
[0033]其制备方法是,步骤一)将原料药材香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份,去除杂质,用凉开水快速淘洗,沥水晒干。
[0034]步骤二)、把步骤一)所获原料药材分别制成饮片,置适宜煎煮器中,加入清水适量,浸泡适宜时间,加热至沸,保持微沸状态一定时间(约0.5〜1.5小时),分离煎出液;
步骤三)、把步骤二)所获得过滤后的药渣再加水适量煎煮,按规定煎煮2〜3次后,合并煎出液,过滤或沉降分离煎出液;
步骤四)、把步骤三)所获中药制剂进行密封包装,获得商品中药制剂。

Claims (2)

1.一种健脾温胃止痛汤,其特征在于,采用的原料药材分别是:香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的健脾温胃止痛汤,其特征在于:其制备方法,制备方法为以下步骤:步骤一)将原料药材香附15份、高良姜12份、黄芪25份、三七4份、茯苓20份、瓦楞子15份、延胡索25份、白芍15份、栀子15份、菟丝子20份、葛根17份、当归15份、桃仁15份、肉苁蓉15份、红花15份、白豆蔻12份、桂枝12份,去除杂质,用凉开水快速淘洗,沥水晒干; 步骤二)、把步骤一)所获原料药材分别制成饮片,置适宜煎煮器中,加入清水适量,浸泡适宜时间,加热至沸,保持微沸状态一定时间(约0.5〜1.5小时),分离煎出液; 步骤三)、把步骤二)所获得过滤后的药渣再加水适量煎煮,按规定煎煮2〜3次后,合并煎出液,过滤或沉降分离煎出液; 步骤四)、把步骤三)所获中药制剂进行密封包装,获得商品中药制剂。
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