CN105494184A - Method for household pond culture of tilapia - Google Patents

Method for household pond culture of tilapia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105494184A
CN105494184A CN201510888736.1A CN201510888736A CN105494184A CN 105494184 A CN105494184 A CN 105494184A CN 201510888736 A CN201510888736 A CN 201510888736A CN 105494184 A CN105494184 A CN 105494184A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
water
pond
days
seed
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Pending
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CN201510888736.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
时超
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Quanjiao Guanba Ethnic Village Integrated Farming Professional Cooperatives
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Quanjiao Guanba Ethnic Village Integrated Farming Professional Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201510888736.1A priority Critical patent/CN105494184A/en
Publication of CN105494184A publication Critical patent/CN105494184A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of transformation of fish product culture technologies, in particular to a method for household pond culture of tilapia. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of culture place determination, pond management, fingerling management, bait feeding and water quality management. The method is reasonable, convenient to operate and reasonable in ratio.

Description

The method of Tilapia mossambica family pond culture
Technical field:
The present invention relates to fish products cultural technique renovation technique field, be specifically related to the method for Tilapia mossambica family pond culture.
Background technology:
Tilapia mossambica, is commonly called as: African crucian, non-crucian carp, Vietnam fish, Nan Yang crucian carp etc.Former finger is that the mouth of type locality is incubated non-crucian carp and belonged to fish species with Mozambique: Mozambique's mouth incubates non-crucian carp (formal name used at school: Oreochromismossambicus), now for the non-crucian carp of Family Cichlidae belongs to and mouth is incubated non-crucian carp and belonged to and wait jointly being commonly called as of several fish of genus; Tilapia is referred to as in English.It is the cultured freshwater fish of the emphasis scientific research cultivation of World Water industry now, and is described as one of main source of following animal protein.Usually move in fresh water, also can move in the salt water of different salt content, also can survive in lake, river, in the shallow water in pond.It has very strong adaptive capacity, also can breed, even can grow in paddy field in the waters that area is narrow and small, and the water less to dissolved oxygen has extremely strong adaptability.Overwhelming majority Tilapia mossambica is omnivorousness, often eats aquatic plant and minces.
The method of Tilapia mossambica cultivation is varied, the different environment in different regions has different cultural methods, and many places now use method be all similar, but often do not consider extraneous natural cause and region problem, easily cause cultivate fishery-ies product poor quality.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome existing technological deficiency and provides that a kind of method is reasonable, easy to operate, the method for the Tilapia mossambica family pond culture of reasonable mixture ratio.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
The method of Tilapia mossambica family pond culture, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine to cultivate place: the pond using 4-8 mu, be provided with an aerator, Pond Silt is more shallow, and irrigation and drainage are convenient;
Step 2, pond management: within first 50 days, clean pond in cultivation, remove by the weeds in the side walls of pond, impurity, then ted once by mud, then use 85kg quicklime spreading pond disinfection after 15 days once;
Step 3, fingerling stocking: put 150g Tilapia mossambica fry 600 tail in a suitable place to breed for every mu, fry ofSinopera chuatsi 100 tail of 150g, 100g silver carp fry 20 tail, 50g bighead 30 tail;
Step 4, bait feeding: diatoms of throwing something and feeding every day, water are continuous, one or more in higher plant leaf and seed, 20kg altogether; One or several in every 3 days wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding, bryozoan, little Bai shrimp, 10kg altogether; Within every 10 days, to throw something and feed a secondary growth auxiliary agent;
Step 5, water quality management: cultivating tilapia requires that water quality is pure and fresh, dissolved oxygen is high, transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, a water is changed every 2 days ~ 3 days, change 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, spread fertilizer over the fields a cleaning agent every 10 days;
Described growth auxiliary agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Lappula echinata 5 parts, lycopodium calvatum 6 parts, the seed of feather cockscomb 7 parts, 8 parts, mustard seed, mock-strawberry 9 parts, 10 parts, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, dandelion 11 parts, brush-cherry seed 12 parts, scouring rush 13 parts, Fermented Soybean 14 parts, hawthorn 15 parts, radish seed 16 parts, the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany 17 parts, Inula britannica chinensis 19 parts, Tu silk 18 parts, the achene of Siberian cocklebur 2 parts, great burdock achene 3 parts, stachyurus pith 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by;
Described cleaning agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Marine biological sterilization agent 5 parts, salt compounded of iodine 3 parts, activated carbon powder 6 parts, copper-bath 1 part, azoles amine bacterium ester 5 parts, sesame oil 5 parts, thiophanate-methyl 6 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, azoles amine bacterium ester 2 parts, isothiazolinone 4 parts, malic acid 5 parts, 25 parts, clear water;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material except clear water is put into successively and stirs breaking plant, corner one side of something is pulverized, and adds a kind of material every 3 minutes, treats to be added with completely and continues stirring 20 minutes, during this period clear water is heated to 100 DEG C, then mixes with the material after stirring.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: growth auxiliary agent is traditional Chinese medicine, can make the fish tape property of medicine a little while increase physique, and Chinese medicine can play the effect of increasing water quality, and cleaning agent is by clean clean to pond, Chi Shui, effective than common cleaning material, more fast.The inventive method is reasonable, easy to operate, reasonable mixture ratio.
Embodiment:
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, setting forth the present invention further below.
The method of Tilapia mossambica family pond culture, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine to cultivate place: the pond using 4-8 mu, be provided with an aerator, Pond Silt is more shallow, and irrigation and drainage are convenient;
Step 2, pond management: within first 50 days, clean pond in cultivation, remove by the weeds in the side walls of pond, impurity, then ted once by mud, then use 85kg quicklime spreading pond disinfection after 15 days once;
Step 3, fingerling stocking: put 150g Tilapia mossambica fry 600 tail in a suitable place to breed for every mu, fry ofSinopera chuatsi 100 tail of 150g, 100g silver carp fry 20 tail, 50g bighead 30 tail;
Step 4, bait feeding: diatoms of throwing something and feeding every day, water are continuous, one or more in higher plant leaf and seed, 20kg altogether; One or several in every 3 days wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding, bryozoan, little Bai shrimp, 10kg altogether; Within every 10 days, to throw something and feed a secondary growth auxiliary agent;
Step 5, water quality management: cultivating tilapia requires that water quality is pure and fresh, dissolved oxygen is high, transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, a water is changed every 2 days ~ 3 days, change 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, spread fertilizer over the fields a cleaning agent every 10 days;
Described growth auxiliary agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Lappula echinata 5 parts, lycopodium calvatum 6 parts, the seed of feather cockscomb 7 parts, 8 parts, mustard seed, mock-strawberry 9 parts, 10 parts, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, dandelion 11 parts, brush-cherry seed 12 parts, scouring rush 13 parts, Fermented Soybean 14 parts, hawthorn 15 parts, radish seed 16 parts, the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany 17 parts, Inula britannica chinensis 19 parts, Tu silk 18 parts, the achene of Siberian cocklebur 2 parts, great burdock achene 3 parts, stachyurus pith 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by;
Described cleaning agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Marine biological sterilization agent 5 parts, salt compounded of iodine 3 parts, activated carbon powder 6 parts, copper-bath 1 part, azoles amine bacterium ester 5 parts, sesame oil 5 parts, thiophanate-methyl 6 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, azoles amine bacterium ester 2 parts, isothiazolinone 4 parts, malic acid 5 parts, 25 parts, clear water;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material except clear water is put into successively and stirs breaking plant, corner one side of something is pulverized, and adds a kind of material every 3 minutes, treats to be added with completely and continues stirring 20 minutes, during this period clear water is heated to 100 DEG C, then mixes with the material after stirring.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. the method for Tilapia mossambica family pond culture, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
Step one, determine to cultivate place: the pond using 4-8 mu, be provided with an aerator, Pond Silt is more shallow, and irrigation and drainage are convenient;
Step 2, pond management: within first 50 days, clean pond in cultivation, remove by the weeds in the side walls of pond, impurity, then ted once by mud, then use 85kg quicklime spreading pond disinfection after 15 days once;
Step 3, fingerling stocking: put 150g Tilapia mossambica fry 600 tail in a suitable place to breed for every mu, fry ofSinopera chuatsi 100 tail of 150g, 100g silver carp fry 20 tail, 50g bighead 30 tail;
Step 4, bait feeding: diatoms of throwing something and feeding every day, water are continuous, one or more in higher plant leaf and seed, 20kg altogether; One or several in every 3 days wheel animalcules of throwing something and feeding, bryozoan, little Bai shrimp, 10kg altogether; Within every 10 days, to throw something and feed a secondary growth auxiliary agent;
Step 5, water quality management: cultivating tilapia requires that water quality is pure and fresh, dissolved oxygen is high, transparency is more than 30 centimetres, water quality keeps fertile, alive, tender, refreshing for a long time, a water is changed every 2 days ~ 3 days, change 15 centimetres ~ 30 centimetres, water at every turn, and keep water body to be miniflow water state, spread fertilizer over the fields a cleaning agent every 10 days.
2. the method for Tilapia mossambica family according to claim 1 pond culture, is characterized in that: described growth auxiliary agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Lappula echinata 5 parts, lycopodium calvatum 6 parts, the seed of feather cockscomb 7 parts, 8 parts, mustard seed, mock-strawberry 9 parts, 10 parts, Fructus Hordei Germinatus, dandelion 11 parts, brush-cherry seed 12 parts, scouring rush 13 parts, Fermented Soybean 14 parts, hawthorn 15 parts, radish seed 16 parts, the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany 17 parts, Inula britannica chinensis 19 parts, Tu silk 18 parts, the achene of Siberian cocklebur 2 parts, great burdock achene 3 parts, stachyurus pith 4 parts;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material clear water is rinsed well by I, is then placed on ventilation, dark place is dried naturally;
Then material is put into breaking plant by II is successively ground into graininess, and pulverizing limit, limit is stirred, and puts into a kind of material, after putting into completely, then put into 100 DEG C of boiling water of total amount of material 1/10 every 4 minutes, continues stirring 5 minutes, becomes pasty state;
III, by the airing 2 days in the sunlight at noon under fair weather of the material of pasty state, becomes block, and then puts into breaking plant and be ground into graininess, stand-by.
3. the method for Tilapia mossambica family according to claim 1 pond culture, is characterized in that: described cleaning agent is made up of the material of following weight portion,
Marine biological sterilization agent 5 parts, salt compounded of iodine 3 parts, activated carbon powder 6 parts, copper-bath 1 part, azoles amine bacterium ester 5 parts, sesame oil 5 parts, thiophanate-methyl 6 parts, sodium dichloro cyanurate 4 parts, azoles amine bacterium ester 2 parts, isothiazolinone 4 parts, malic acid 5 parts, 25 parts, clear water;
Preparation method: above-mentioned material except clear water is put into successively and stirs breaking plant, corner one side of something is pulverized, and adds a kind of material every 3 minutes, treats to be added with completely and continues stirring 20 minutes, during this period clear water is heated to 100 DEG C, then mixes with the material after stirring.
CN201510888736.1A 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 Method for household pond culture of tilapia Pending CN105494184A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510888736.1A CN105494184A (en) 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 Method for household pond culture of tilapia

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510888736.1A CN105494184A (en) 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 Method for household pond culture of tilapia

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069910A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-11-09 苏州市金荒田农业科技有限公司 The high-efficiency breeding method of tilapia
CN106172145A (en) * 2016-09-13 2016-12-07 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A kind of method that anti-Streptococcus iniae of gift tilapia improving high-density breeding infects
CN106577422A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-26 全椒县花溪湖特种水产专业合作社 Freshwater shrimp and tortoise polyculture method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651212A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-03-26 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Method for breeding tilapia
CN104335943A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-02-11 重庆翰锋农业发展有限公司 Artificial tilapia mossambica breeding technology

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651212A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-03-26 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Method for breeding tilapia
CN104335943A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-02-11 重庆翰锋农业发展有限公司 Artificial tilapia mossambica breeding technology

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李新政: "池塘主养尼罗罗非鱼套养鳜鱼试验研究", 《广西畜牧兽医》 *
杨弘: "《罗非鱼高效养殖模式攻略》", 31 May 2015 *
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069910A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-11-09 苏州市金荒田农业科技有限公司 The high-efficiency breeding method of tilapia
CN106172145A (en) * 2016-09-13 2016-12-07 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A kind of method that anti-Streptococcus iniae of gift tilapia improving high-density breeding infects
CN106172145B (en) * 2016-09-13 2019-04-19 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 A method of improving the anti-Streptococcus iniae infection of gift tilapia of high-density breeding
CN106577422A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-26 全椒县花溪湖特种水产专业合作社 Freshwater shrimp and tortoise polyculture method

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Application publication date: 20160420