CN105493807A - Vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss - Google Patents

Vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105493807A
CN105493807A CN201510660554.9A CN201510660554A CN105493807A CN 105493807 A CN105493807 A CN 105493807A CN 201510660554 A CN201510660554 A CN 201510660554A CN 105493807 A CN105493807 A CN 105493807A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
vegetation
implantation methods
plantation
seed
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Pending
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CN201510660554.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝仕龙
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郝仕龙
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Priority to CN201510660554.9A priority Critical patent/CN105493807A/en
Publication of CN105493807A publication Critical patent/CN105493807A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B11/00Drainage of soil, e.g. for agricultural purposes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B13/00Irrigation ditches, i.e. gravity flow, open channel water distribution systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss. The vegetation method comprises steps of (1) digging a plurality of parallel water catching trenches on the ground and arranging longitudinal drainage trenches beside the parallel water catching trenches, (2) laying a layer of mud mixed by clay and water on the bottom of the water catching trenches and laying a weaving net on the water catching trenches, (3) placing soil dug out on the land between two water catching trenches to form a plantation area, (4) digging a plurality of plantation holes in the plantation area at equal intervals, (5) laying a soil locking net on the surface of the plantation area, (6) drilling a plurality of downwardly-inclined protective holes on the side walls of the plantation holes, (7) watering the plantation holes and the protection holes after the protection holes are drilled and forming mud via mixing between clay and water after accumulated water goes away. Water and soil loss can be effectively prevented; great contour effect can be achieved; moisture in the soil can be maintained for long time; and the vegetation plantation method requires low cost and can be promoted on a large scale.

Description

A kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion
Technical field
The present invention is novel relates to the vegetation field of planting prevented erosion, and is specially a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion.
Background technology
Water and soil loss often the mankind to caused by the irrational utilization of land resources, particularly to irrational exploitation and the operation in hillside fields, the covering of primary Soil Slope is wrecked, exposed soil is by water erosion, loss speed is greater than parent rock horizon and educates the speed changing into soil, by showing, soil runs off, cubsoil runs off and the matrix loss that arrives in soil erosion, finally makes rock expose.For preventing this type of phenomenon from occurring, a lot of local start hillside fields larger in water and soil loss energetically and domaticly carrying out greening vegetation, greening vegetation a kind ofly emerging effectively can protect the exposed ecological protection measure in earth's surface.
Need the vegetation plantation carrying out preventing erosion for this reason, the vegetation implantation methods great majority prevented erosion outside Current Domestic are all faced with cost intensive, constructional difficulties, plant life power is not strong, vegetation survival rate is not high, the effect of root system of plant can not be played, poor stability, does not have long-term afforestation effect and water and soil conservation function.
On moistening, that half some areas that are moistening and even semiarid zone are larger hillside, heavy rain can form large erosion gully to washing away earth's surface, take away vegetation, if the gradient is comparatively precipitous, this area's soil body can soft easy erosion, the frequent high strength heavy rain in place not having woods grass to wait vegetative coverage, be easy to cause water and soil loss, such as China the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the heavy rain frequency of continuation is more, rainfall is larger, earth's surface is mostly big scale steep slope, and soil is comparatively weak, therefore, we devise a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion, and are used for solving the problem.
Summary of the invention
Based on the technical problem that background technology exists, the present invention proposes a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion.
A kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion that the present invention proposes, comprises the steps:
S1: dig some parallel intercepting drains on ground, be provided with longitudinal drain ditch parallel intercepting drain is other, and the degree of depth in drain ditch is not more than the degree of depth of intercepting drain, when rainwater is many, by drain ditch down draining, is unlikely to form erosion to growing area;
S2: the mud laying one deck clay and water mix and blend in the bottom of described intercepting drain, lays one deck mesh grid on intercepting drain;
S3: the earth dug out is placed on the soil between two intercepting drains and forms growing area;
S4: equidistantly dig several implant holes on described growing area;
S5: lay one deck on the surface of described growing area and lock native net;
S6: at several downward-sloping anti-guard apertures of Side wall drill of described implant hole;
S7: after protection hole drill is complete, pour in implant hole and anti-guard aperture with water, is mixed into mud with clay and water, fills mud and be fixed land structures in anti-guard aperture after ponding disappears;
S8: in described implant hole, from bottom to top fills nutrition soil layer, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer successively from bottom, and seed is evenly sprinkling upon on nutrition soil layer, namely completes vegetation plantation.
Preferably, in described S1, intercepting drain is rectangle ditch, and its width is 30-40 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 40 ㎝.
Preferably, in described S2, the aperture of mesh grid is 2-3 ㎝.
Preferably, in described S3, the width of growing area is 80-100 ㎝.
Preferably, in described S4, implant hole is circular, and its diameter is 20-30 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 30 ㎝, and the spacing of adjacent implant hole is 70-80 ㎝.
Preferably, in described S6, protection bore dia is 3-5 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 10 ㎝.
Preferably, in described S8, nutrition soil layer is mixed by fine earth, binding agent, composite fertilizer, vegetable fiber, and each ingredients weight parts is: fine earth 100-500 part, binding agent 1-5 part, composite fertilizer 2-10 part, vegetable fiber 10-12 part.
Preferably, described Seed Layer by seed and fertilizer by weight 1:1 mix and form, after mixing, uniform spreading is on nutrition soil layer.
Preferably, described seed is that climbing plants seed is equipped with flower plant seed, in described nutrition soil layer, transplant sapling, and described vaporization prevention layer is made by hay.
A kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion that the present invention proposes, by digging some parallel intercepting drains on ground, and the earth dug out is placed between two intercepting drains soil forms growing area, growing area equidistantly digs several implant holes, and by arranging the native net of lock, mud is filled to consolidate water and soil at anti-guard aperture, nutrition soil layer is filled by arranging, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer can effectively make seed successfully grow up, economize on resources, moisture can be stored by intercepting drain, mesh grid can prevent fallen leaves foreign material blocking intercepting drain, ensure that the supply of vegetation water and nutrient is sufficient, can effectively prevent erosion, appearance is fine simultaneously, moisture in soil can be preserved for a long time, cost is less, suit large area to popularize.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment one
The vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion, comprises the steps:
S1: dig some parallel intercepting drains on ground, longitudinal drain ditch is provided with on parallel intercepting drain side, and the degree of depth in drain ditch is not more than the degree of depth of intercepting drain, when rainwater is many, by drain ditch down draining, be unlikely to form erosion to growing area, intercepting drain is rectangle ditch, its width is 30 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 40 ㎝;
S2: the mud laying one deck clay and water mix and blend in the bottom of described intercepting drain, on intercepting drain, lay one deck mesh grid, the aperture of mesh grid is 2 ㎝;
S3: the earth dug out is placed on the soil between two intercepting drains and forms growing area, the width of growing area is 80 ㎝;
S4: equidistantly dig several implant holes on described growing area, implant hole is circular, and its diameter is 20 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 30 ㎝, and the spacing of adjacent implant hole is 70 ㎝;
S5: lay one deck on the surface of described growing area and lock native net;
S6: equidistantly bore 4 downward-sloping anti-guard apertures at the sidewall of described implant hole, protection bore dia is 3 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 10 ㎝;
S7: after protection hole drill is complete, pour in implant hole and anti-guard aperture with water, is mixed into mud with clay and water, fills mud and be fixed land structures in anti-guard aperture after ponding disappears;
S8: in described implant hole, nutrition soil layer, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer is from bottom to top filled successively from bottom, seed is evenly sprinkling upon on nutrition soil layer, namely vegetation plantation is completed, nutrition soil layer is mixed by fine earth, binding agent, composite fertilizer, vegetable fiber, and each ingredients weight parts is: fine earth 100 parts, binding agent 1 part, composite fertilizer 2 parts, 10 parts, vegetable fiber.
Embodiment two
The vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion, comprises the steps:
S1: dig some parallel intercepting drains on ground, longitudinal drain ditch is provided with on parallel intercepting drain side, and the degree of depth in drain ditch is not more than the degree of depth of intercepting drain, when rainwater is many, by drain ditch down draining, be unlikely to form erosion to growing area, intercepting drain is rectangle ditch, its width is 35 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 45 ㎝;
S2: the mud laying one deck clay and water mix and blend in the bottom of described intercepting drain, on intercepting drain, lay one deck mesh grid, the aperture of mesh grid is 2.5 ㎝;
S3: the earth dug out is placed on the soil between two intercepting drains and forms growing area, the width of growing area is 90 ㎝;
S4: equidistantly dig several implant holes on described growing area, implant hole is circular, and its diameter is 25 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 35 ㎝, and the spacing of adjacent implant hole is 75 ㎝;
S5: lay one deck on the surface of described growing area and lock native net;
S6: equidistantly bore 6 downward-sloping anti-guard apertures at the sidewall of described implant hole, protection bore dia is 4 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 13 ㎝;
S7: after protection hole drill is complete, pour in implant hole and anti-guard aperture with water, is mixed into mud with clay and water, fills mud and be fixed land structures in anti-guard aperture after ponding disappears;
S8: in described implant hole, nutrition soil layer, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer is from bottom to top filled successively from bottom, seed is evenly sprinkling upon on nutrition soil layer, namely vegetation plantation is completed, nutrition soil layer is mixed by fine earth, binding agent, composite fertilizer, vegetable fiber, and each ingredients weight parts is: fine earth 200 parts, binding agent 2 parts, composite fertilizer 4 parts, 11 parts, vegetable fiber.
Embodiment three
The vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion, comprises the steps:
S1: dig some parallel intercepting drains on ground, longitudinal drain ditch is provided with on parallel intercepting drain side, and the degree of depth in drain ditch is not more than the degree of depth of intercepting drain, when rainwater is many, by drain ditch down draining, be unlikely to form erosion to growing area, intercepting drain is rectangle ditch, its width is 40 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 50 ㎝;
S2: the mud laying one deck clay and water mix and blend in the bottom of described intercepting drain, on intercepting drain, lay one deck mesh grid, the aperture of mesh grid is 3 ㎝;
S3: the earth dug out is placed on the soil between two intercepting drains and forms growing area, the width of growing area is 100 ㎝;
S4: equidistantly dig several implant holes on described growing area, implant hole is circular, and its diameter is 30 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 40 ㎝, and the spacing of adjacent implant hole is 80 ㎝;
S5: lay one deck on the surface of described growing area and lock native net;
S6: equidistantly bore 8 downward-sloping anti-guard apertures at the sidewall of described implant hole, protection bore dia is 5 ㎝, and the degree of depth is 16 ㎝;
S7: after protection hole drill is complete, pour in implant hole and anti-guard aperture with water, is mixed into mud with clay and water, fills mud and be fixed land structures in anti-guard aperture after ponding disappears;
S8: in described implant hole, nutrition soil layer, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer is from bottom to top filled successively from bottom, seed is evenly sprinkling upon on nutrition soil layer, namely vegetation plantation is completed, nutrition soil layer is mixed by fine earth, binding agent, composite fertilizer, vegetable fiber, and each ingredients weight parts is: fine earth 500 parts, binding agent 5 parts, composite fertilizer 10 parts, 12 parts, vegetable fiber.
The vegetation implantation methods that the embodiment of the present invention one, embodiment two, embodiment three prevent erosion, can effectively prevent erosion, and appearance is fine simultaneously, and the moisture in soil can be preserved for a long time, and cost is less, suits large area to popularize.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably embodiment; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof and replace or change, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
S1: dig some parallel intercepting drains on ground, be provided with longitudinal drain ditch parallel intercepting drain is other, and the degree of depth in drain ditch is not more than the degree of depth of intercepting drain;
S2: the mud laying one deck clay and water mix and blend in the bottom of described intercepting drain, lays one deck mesh grid on intercepting drain;
S3: the earth dug out is placed on the soil between two intercepting drains and forms growing area;
S4: equidistantly dig several implant holes on described growing area;
S5: lay one deck on the surface of described growing area and lock native net;
S6: at several downward-sloping anti-guard apertures of Side wall drill of described implant hole;
S7: after protection hole drill is complete, pour in implant hole and anti-guard aperture with water, is mixed into mud with clay and water, fills mud and be fixed land structures in anti-guard aperture after ponding disappears;
S8: in described implant hole, from bottom to top fills nutrition soil layer, Seed Layer and vaporization prevention layer successively from bottom, and seed is evenly sprinkling upon on nutrition soil layer, namely completes vegetation plantation.
2. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described S1, intercepting drain is rectangle ditch, and its width is 30-40 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 40 ㎝.
3. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described S2, and the aperture of mesh grid is 2-3 ㎝.
4. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described S3, and the width of growing area is 80-100 ㎝.
5. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described S4, and implant hole is circular, and its diameter is 20-30 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 30 ㎝, and the spacing of adjacent implant hole is 70-80 ㎝.
6. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described S6, and protection bore dia is 3-5 ㎝, and the degree of depth is not less than 10 ㎝.
7. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described S8, nutrition soil layer is mixed by fine earth, binding agent, composite fertilizer, vegetable fiber, and each ingredients weight parts is: fine earth 100-500 part, binding agent 1-5 part, composite fertilizer 2-10 part, vegetable fiber 10-12 part.
8. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Seed Layer by seed and fertilizer by weight 1:1 mix and form, after mixing, uniform spreading is on nutrition soil layer.
9. a kind of vegetation implantation methods prevented erosion according to any one of claim 1-8, it is characterized in that: described seed is that climbing plants seed is equipped with flower plant seed, in described nutrition soil layer, transplant sapling, described vaporization prevention layer is made by hay.
CN201510660554.9A 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss Pending CN105493807A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510660554.9A CN105493807A (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510660554.9A CN105493807A (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Vegetation plantation method preventing water and soil loss

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105493807A true CN105493807A (en) 2016-04-20

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105940809A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-21 成都理工大学 Sandy soil greening construction method
CN106688357A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-24 陈贺铭 Iron mine waste land vegetation recovery method
CN113068570A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-07-06 西北农林科技大学 Vegetation configuration method for controlling water and soil loss of alpine slope

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105940809A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-09-21 成都理工大学 Sandy soil greening construction method
CN106688357A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-24 陈贺铭 Iron mine waste land vegetation recovery method
CN113068570A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-07-06 西北农林科技大学 Vegetation configuration method for controlling water and soil loss of alpine slope

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Application publication date: 20160420