CN105484202A - Manufacturing method for detachable type water-stop cavity die of concrete deformation joint - Google Patents

Manufacturing method for detachable type water-stop cavity die of concrete deformation joint Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105484202A
CN105484202A CN201510918851.9A CN201510918851A CN105484202A CN 105484202 A CN105484202 A CN 105484202A CN 201510918851 A CN201510918851 A CN 201510918851A CN 105484202 A CN105484202 A CN 105484202A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
swaging die
deformation joint
fixed head
draw
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Granted
Application number
CN201510918851.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105484202B (en
Inventor
张朝利
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Guangdong Peng Qing Hydropower Engineering Co., Ltd.
The Yellow River Dezhou Jianye Engineering Co., Ltd.
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Suzhou Duogu Engineering Design Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510918851.9A priority Critical patent/CN105484202B/en
Priority to CN201410628503.3A priority patent/CN104328803B/en
Publication of CN105484202A publication Critical patent/CN105484202A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105484202B publication Critical patent/CN105484202B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G15/00Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels
    • E04G15/04Cores for anchor holes or the like around anchors embedded in the concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/16Sealings or joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/16Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/38Waterproofing; Heat insulating; Soundproofing; Electric insulating
    • E21D11/385Sealing means positioned between adjacent lining members

Abstract

The invention relates to a manufacturing method for a detachable type water-stop cavity die of a concrete deformation joint. The cavity die comprises a movable frame and supporting plates, wherein the movable frame and the supporting plates form the cavity die which is rectangular when viewed from above and is provided with a middle seam in the middle of the front part; when the cavity die is applied, the front part of the cavity die is aligned to a water-stop sheet which is embedded at a fracture surface of first-stage concrete; the water-stop sheet extends into the cavity die through the middle seam; second-stage concrete is poured; after the second-stage concrete is pre-hardened, the cavity die is hoisted out, and a mould cavity in which molten asphalt can be injected is formed in the fracture surface of the second-stage concrete.

Description

The manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of underground/submerged structure water-tight device, particularly a kind of manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die.
Background technology
In existing concrete structure, such as checkdam, reservoir, subway, culvert, sluice, the undergrounds such as tunnel, in Underwater Engineering, due to can not continuous placing or the distortion due to foundation settlement (earthquake), or the reason such as to expand with heat and contract with cold of the concrete component to cause due to the change of temperature, often deliberately deformation joint is left building, constuction joint, anti-seep measure will be taked in these gaps, prevent outside water or ground water seepage in structure space, present usual way is, between fist stage concrete and second stage concrete, concrete pit is set, maltha and copper sheet or rubber water-proof sheet is established in groove, but, this method needs concrete soil box in advance, can combine closely to make concrete pit and second stage concrete, need to carry out dabbing process to peripheral 3 faces of concrete pit, the duration will be extended like this and increase artificial, simultaneously because the general every segment length (highly) of concrete pit only has 50-100cm, distortion gap will be connected and composed by multiple concrete pit, therefore many transverse slots can be produced, and the irregular deformation of multiple concrete pit, phenomenon is emitted in the race that postorder can be caused to pour into maltha, and be difficult to cleaning, and adopt the technology replacing concrete pit with channel-section steel of number of patent application 2014100489253, although can cost saving and reduction of erection time than former construction method, but because channel-section steel will be deposited in dam body, cannot reuse, therefore still cause waste, be therefore badly in need of a kind of equipment that can precast the die cavity putting appearance pitch at second stage concrete section.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the invention provides a kind of manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, swaging die of the present invention can second stage concrete section preset go out a rectangle mold cavity, pour into pitch, and take out and can repeatedly use after swaging die uses, adopt the vertical water-stopping structure of this swaging die can meet multiple ground condition/stratum differential settlement or the changing of the relative positions, telescopic displacement etc., Master Cost and reduction of erection time can be saved.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it is characterized in that it comprises activity box and gripper shoe, described activity box and described gripper shoe form one and overlook the swaging die that rectangular and anteriomedial is provided with middle seam, when applying described swaging die, the sealing piece being embedded in fist stage concrete section part is aimed in swaging die front portion, described sealing piece stretches in swaging die by described middle seam, build second stage concrete, after second stage concrete initial set, hung out by described swaging die, being formed at second stage concrete section can for the die cavity injecting molten asphalt.
Comparatively preferred, described sealing piece is rectangle copper sheet, and its side be embedded in advance in fist stage concrete is longitudinally provided with 90 ° of knuckles, and opposite side is from the protruding preseting length in the middle part of fist stage concrete section.
Comparatively preferred, described activity box cross section is U-shaped, and its left plate, right plate are hinged with articulate with back side panel respectively.
Comparatively preferred, described left plate, right plate front end become fixed head respectively to infolding bending, and described fixed head is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal.
Comparatively preferred, the upper end left plate of described activity box, right plate are respectively equipped with lifting hole(eyelet).
Comparatively preferred, described gripper shoe is rectangular slab, and one middle side part is provided with draw-in groove, in order to pre-anti-damage sealing piece, also arranges elastic component at gripper shoe opposite side and sealing piece junction.
Comparatively preferred, described gripper shoe draw-in groove is that the following degree of depth is large, and the top degree of depth is little of inverted trapezoidal, and it is just in time fastened on fixed head, and the fixed head hypotenuse angular compliance complementation that draw-in groove trapezoidal hypotenuse angle is mated is concordant.
Comparatively preferred, described elastic component is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, and it is fastened on the opposite side of gripper shoe draw-in groove.
The invention also discloses a kind of manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) making of activity box: the cross section of activity box is U-shaped, its left plate, right plate respectively with back side panel with hinge; Left plate, right plate front end are become fixed head respectively to infolding bending, described fixed head is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal, in the upper end of described left plate, right plate, lifting hole(eyelet) is set respectively, activity box is generally height 2.5-3M, left and right side plate thickness 3-5mm, width 20-50cm, back side panel thickness, highly same left and right side plate, width 10-50cm.
2) making of gripper shoe: described gripper shoe is that in the middle of two pieces of rectangular slabs, folder one piece of trapezoidal plate is welded and fixed integral, draw-in groove is reserved at one middle side part, draw-in groove width is slightly larger than the fixed head thickness be mated, described draw-in groove is that the following degree of depth is large, and the top degree of depth is little of trapezoidal, and it is just in time fastened on fixed head hypotenuse, at opposite side, elastic component is set, described elastic component is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, and it is fastened on and supports on edges of boards, can fix with glue or screw.
3) assembling of swaging die: on the fixed head draw-in groove of two pieces of gripper shoes being stuck in left and right side plate, composition one overlooks the swaging die that rectangular and anteriomedial is provided with middle seam.
The invention also discloses a kind of construction method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) sealing piece is arranged: the section part being preset in deformed concrete crack sealing piece being had 90 ° of knuckles, and sealing piece is longitudinally arranged at the centre position of concrete cross section width, fixed form and sealing piece after-pouring fist stage concrete;
2) setting of swaging die: after fist stage concrete solidifies, the docking of swaging die opening surface is embedded on the sealing piece of fist stage concrete section part, sealing piece stretches into predetermined length in swaging die by middle seam, and the left side plate front part sides concrete cross section of swaging die arranges bituminous felt;
3) second stage concrete is built: after setting swaging die and template, second stage concrete is built according to highl stratification, at every turn every layer of 50cm-100cm, builds last layer again after waiting lower floor's initial set to have certain degree of hardness, until reach the height of needs;
4) die cavity is formed: after second stage concrete initial set, upwards pull out the gripper shoe be stuck on left and right side front edge of board fixed head, then left and right side plate is rapped demoulding displacement, after rear plate raps the demoulding forward respectively to interior, with the lifting hole(eyelet) hooking left side plate upper end, hang out activity box; Rectangle mold cavity is formed at second stage concrete section part;
5) asphalt reperfusion: fill molten asphalt in rectangular die cavity, cool;
6) when arranging multiple deformation joint, repeat above-mentioned steps 1-5, pitch does once perfusion or perfusion for several times; The swaging die hung out should be cleared up in time, maintain, and stores, in order to recycling.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
1. adopt swaging die preset mode of the present invention, make one, second stage concrete builds conveniently, section is neat;
2. hang out second stage concrete after swaging die use namely can reuse, can economize on resources and cut the waste;
3. can solve the leakage problems of the permanent seam in underground, the Underwater Engineering such as checkdam, reservoir, subway, culvert, sluice, tunnel;
4. compare with conventional construction method, because it does not need concrete soil box, the expenses such as artificial, mechanical, the template needed for concrete soil box can be reduced;
5., again because not needing reserved channel-section steel in inside, save metal material consumption;
6. adopt this method construction former working procedure on critical circuits, become non-key circuit operation, save the duration, create very large economic benefit and social benefit.
7. the deformation joint seepage problem that the technology of the present invention can solve multiple ground condition/stratum differential settlement or the reason such as to expand with heat and contract with cold of the concrete component that causes due to the change of temperature causes; Also can prevent the section interface changing of the relative positions because the natural calamities such as earthquake cause, be out of shape the leakage problems caused.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the plan structure schematic diagram of swaging die of the present invention, and wherein visible activity box and gripper shoe form a rectangle mold cavity mould, and anteriomedial is provided with reserved middle seam;
Fig. 2 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1, and visible gripper shoe upper end is provided with lifting hole(eyelet);
Fig. 3 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2, the assembled state of visible left and right sides fixed head and gripper shoe and elastic component;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 part A structure for amplifying schematic diagram, is provided with middle seam between visible two pieces of elastic components;
Fig. 5 is activity box forward sight structural representation of the present invention, and visible fixed head is up-small and down-big trapezium structure;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is gripper shoe plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention, the structure of visible draw-in groove and elastic component;
Fig. 8 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 7, the angle/degree of depth of represented by dotted arrows draw-in groove in figure;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 8 perspective view, and visible gripper shoe side is provided with draw-in groove, and draw-in groove offside is provided with elastic component;
Figure 10 is the plan structure schematic diagram that swaging die of the present invention is arranged on fist stage concrete section, and visible sealing piece is arranged in swaging die by seam in the middle part of gripper shoe;
Figure 11 is the front upper stereochemical structure enlarged diagram of Figure 10, and wherein visible swaging die top exceeds fist stage concrete top certain distance, generally exceeds 20cm, with conveniently stripped;
Figure 12 is the perspective view of swaging die of the present invention after fist stage concrete of Figure 10;
Figure 13 is swaging die of the present invention plan structure schematic diagram in fist stage concrete and second stage concrete, is wherein provided with bituminous felt between the both sides one of the front side left side plate of visible swaging die, second stage concrete section;
Figure 14 be swaging die of the present invention after second stage concrete solidifies, remove after gripper shoe, the plan structure schematic diagram of activity box, wherein visible left and right side plate moves inward the state of the demoulding;
Figure 15 is the top perspective structural representation hung out after activity box of Figure 14, and visible sealing piece half is arranged in fist stage concrete, and half is built up in rectangle mold cavity;
Figure 16 of the present inventionly fills plan structure schematic diagram after pitch in die cavity, and visible sealing piece half is arranged in fist stage concrete, and half is arranged in pitch.
Sequence number in figure: 1-activity box, 1a-left plate, 1b-right plate, 1c-back side panel, 2-gripper shoe, 3-elastic component, 4-hinge, stitches in 5-, 6-fixed head, 7-lifting hole(eyelet), 8-draw-in groove, 9-fist stage concrete, 10-sealing piece, 11-bituminous felt, 12-second stage concrete, 13-die cavity, 14-pitch.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1, with reference to accompanying drawing: a kind of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it comprises activity box 1 and gripper shoe 2, described activity box 1 and described gripper shoe 2 form one and overlook the swaging die that rectangular and anteriomedial leaves middle seam 5, when applying described swaging die, the sealing piece 10 being embedded in fist stage concrete 9 section part is aimed in swaging die front portion, described sealing piece 10 stretches in swaging die by described middle seam 5, build second stage concrete 12, after second stage concrete 12 initial set, described swaging die is hung out, being formed at second stage concrete 12 section can for the die cavity 13 injecting molten asphalt 14.
Comparatively preferred, described sealing piece 10 is rectangle copper sheet, and its side be embedded in advance in fist stage concrete 9 section is longitudinally provided with 90 ° of knuckles, and opposite side is from the protruding preseting length in middle part of fist stage concrete 9 section.
Comparatively preferred, described activity box 1 cross section is U-shaped, and its left plate 1a, right plate 1b are movably hinged with hinge 4 with back side panel 1c respectively.
Comparatively preferred, described left plate 1a, right plate 1b front end become fixed head 6 respectively to infolding bending, and described fixed head 6 is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal.
Comparatively preferred, the upper end left plate 1a of described activity box 1, right plate 1b are respectively equipped with lifting hole(eyelet) 7, and lifting hole(eyelet) 7 is located at the weight intermediate equilibria place of activity box 1.
Comparatively preferred, described gripper shoe 2 is rectangular slab, and one middle side part is provided with draw-in groove 8, and opposite side is provided with elastic component 3.
Comparatively preferred, described gripper shoe 2 draw-in groove 8 is that the following degree of depth is large, the top degree of depth is little of inverted trapezoidal, its be just in time fastened on its draw-in groove 8 hypotenuse angle on fixed head 6 consistent with fixed head 6 hypotenuse angle, align, fixed head 6 and gripper shoe 2 by draw-in groove 8 be flexibly connected swaging die formed overlook rectangular.
In order to pre-anti-damage sealing piece 10, also arrange elastic component 3 in gripper shoe and sealing piece junction, comparatively preferably, described elastic component is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, and it is fastened on gripper shoe 2 limit, can fix with glue or screw.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) making of activity box: the cross section of activity box 1 is U-shaped, its left plate 1a, right plate 1b are hinged with hinge 4 with back side panel 1c respectively; Left plate 1a, right plate 1b front end are become fixed head 6 respectively to infolding bending, described fixed head 6 is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal, in the upper end of described left plate 1a, right plate 1b, lifting hole(eyelet) 7 is set respectively, activity box 1 is generally 2.5-3M height, left side plate thickness 3-5mm, width 20-50cm, back side panel 1c thickness, highly same left side plate, width 10-50cm.With reference to figure 2-Fig. 6
2) making of gripper shoe: described gripper shoe 2 is that in the middle of two pieces of rectangular slabs, folder one piece of trapezoidal plate is welded and fixed integral, draw-in groove 8 is reserved at one middle side part, draw-in groove 8 width is slightly larger than fixed head 6 thickness be mated, the trapezoidal plate of general centre is selected and is greater than fixed head thickness 2mm metal sheet, described draw-in groove 8 is that the following degree of depth is large, the top degree of depth is little of trapezoidal, it is just in time fastened on fixed head 6 hypotenuse, at opposite side, elastic component 3 is set, described elastic component 3 is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, it is fastened on gripper shoe 2 limit, can fix with glue or screw.With reference to figure 7-Fig. 9
3) assembling of swaging die: on the fixed head 6 draw-in groove 8 of two pieces of gripper shoes 2 being stuck in left and right side plate, composition one overlooks the swaging die that rectangular and anteriomedial has middle seam 5.With reference to figure 1-Fig. 4
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of construction method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, it is characterized in that comprising the steps: with reference to figure 10-Figure 16
1) sealing piece is arranged: the section part being preset in deformed concrete crack sealing piece 10 being had 90 ° of knuckles, and sealing piece 10 is longitudinally arranged at the centre position of concrete cross section width, fixed form and sealing piece 10 after-pouring fist stage concrete 9; Sealing piece adopts conventional construction technique;
2) setting of swaging die: after fist stage concrete 9 solidifies, the docking of swaging die opening surface is embedded on the sealing piece 10 of fist stage concrete 9 section part, sealing piece 10 stretches into predetermined length in swaging die by middle seam 5, and the left side plate front part sides concrete cross section of swaging die arranges bituminous felt 11;
3) second stage concrete is built: after setting swaging die and template, and second stage concrete 12 is built according to highl stratification, at every turn every layer of 50cm-100cm, builds last layer again after waiting lower floor's initial set to have certain degree of hardness, until reach the height of needs;
4) die cavity is formed: after second stage concrete 12 initial set, upwards pull out the gripper shoe 2 be stuck on left and right side front edge of board fixed head 6, again left and right side plate is rapped demoulding displacement respectively to interior, after back side panel 1c raps the demoulding forward, with the lifting hole(eyelet) 7 hooking left side plate upper end, hang out activity box 1; Rectangle mold cavity 13 is formed at second stage concrete 12 section part;
5) asphalt reperfusion: No. 30 building asphalts 14 filling melting in rectangular die cavity 13, depending on job site temperature general 2-12 hour cool time;
6) when arranging multiple deformation joint, repeat above-mentioned steps 1-5, pitch 14 does once perfusion or perfusion for several times; The swaging die hung out should be cleared up in time, maintain, and stores, in order to recycling.
Swaging die height of the present invention is generally 2.5-3M, and each frame film can build 2.0-2.8M concrete wall, as body of wall exceedes swaging die height, after form removal, improves swaging die, repeats aforementioned construction method, until meet body of wall height; This red copper sealing piece 10 is connected employing Site Welding with horizontal sealing piece.
Adopt present device and construction technology, can precast at second stage concrete section the die cavity put and hold pitch, not need concrete soil box, can reduction of erection time 20-30 days; Swaging die can be reused; Can construct at the box dam such as checkdam, reservoir retaining wall, also can be used for the construction application of the undergrounds such as subway, culvert, sluice, tunnel, the various concrete work deformation joint sealing such as under water, deformation joint is neatly non-leakage; The deformation joint seepage water problems adopting this technology can solve stratum differential settlement to cause, or the deformation joint seepage problem caused of expanding with heat and contract with cold of the concrete component caused because of the change of environment temperature; Also the leakage problems that the distortion such as the changing of the relative positions of deformation joint section interface, displacement etc. caused because of natural calamities such as earthquakes causes can be prevented.

Claims (8)

1. a manufacture method for detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) making of activity box: the cross section of activity box is U-shaped, its left plate, right plate respectively with back side panel with hinge; Left plate, right plate front end are become fixed head respectively to infolding bending, described fixed head is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal, in the upper end of described left plate, right plate, lifting hole(eyelet) is set respectively, activity box height is 2.5-3M, left and right side plate thickness 3-5mm, width 20-50cm, back side panel thickness, highly same left and right side plate, width 10-50cm;
2) making of gripper shoe: described gripper shoe is that in the middle of two pieces of rectangular slabs, folder one piece of trapezoidal plate is welded and fixed integral, draw-in groove is reserved at one middle side part, draw-in groove width is greater than the fixed head thickness be mated, described draw-in groove is that the following degree of depth is large, and the top degree of depth is little of trapezoidal, and it is just in time fastened on fixed head hypotenuse, at opposite side, elastic component is set, described elastic component is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, and it is fastened on and supports on edges of boards, fixes with glue or screw;
3) assembling of swaging die: on the fixed head draw-in groove of two pieces of gripper shoes being stuck in left and right side plate, composition one overlooks the swaging die that rectangular and anteriomedial is provided with middle seam.
2. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described sealing piece is rectangle copper sheet, its side be embedded in advance in fist stage concrete section is longitudinally provided with 90 ° of knuckles, and opposite side is from the protruding preseting length in the middle part of fist stage concrete section.
3. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described activity box cross section is U-shaped, its left plate, right plate are hinged with articulate with back side panel respectively.
4. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 3, is characterized in that described left plate, right plate front end becomes fixed head respectively to infolding bending, and described fixed head is that lower length of side top is short in trapezoidal.
5. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 3, is characterized in that the upper end left plate of described activity box, right plate is respectively equipped with lifting hole(eyelet).
6. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described gripper shoe is rectangular slab, one middle side part is provided with draw-in groove, and opposite side is provided with elastic component.
7. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described gripper shoe draw-in groove is that the following degree of depth is large, the top degree of depth is little of inverted trapezoidal, and it is just in time fastened on fixed head.
8. the manufacture method of detachable concrete deformation joint sealing swaging die according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described elastic component is U-shaped quality of rubber materials, it is fastened on the opposite side of gripper shoe draw-in groove.
CN201510918851.9A 2014-11-10 2014-11-10 Manufacturing method for detachable type water-stop cavity die of concrete deformation joint Expired - Fee Related CN105484202B (en)

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