CN105479769A - Forming device applicable to yacht curved surface outer plate - Google Patents

Forming device applicable to yacht curved surface outer plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105479769A
CN105479769A CN201510865835.8A CN201510865835A CN105479769A CN 105479769 A CN105479769 A CN 105479769A CN 201510865835 A CN201510865835 A CN 201510865835A CN 105479769 A CN105479769 A CN 105479769A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
formpiston
yacht
former
rail
guide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510865835.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105479769B (en
Inventor
刘鑫
任威
张强
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Shandong Jiaotong University
Original Assignee
Shandong Jiaotong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Jiaotong University filed Critical Shandong Jiaotong University
Priority to CN201510865835.8A priority Critical patent/CN105479769B/en
Publication of CN105479769A publication Critical patent/CN105479769A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105479769B publication Critical patent/CN105479769B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/30Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core
    • B29C70/34Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core and shaping or impregnating by compression, i.e. combined with compressing after the lay-up operation
    • B29C70/345Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core and shaping or impregnating by compression, i.e. combined with compressing after the lay-up operation using matched moulds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/54Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations, e.g. feeding or storage of prepregs or SMC after impregnation or during ageing

Abstract

The invention relates to a forming device applicable to a yacht curved surface outer plate. The upper surface of a forming equipment female die is designed into a curved surface corresponding to the yacht curved surface outer plate; the lower surface of the female die is designed into a tapered curved surface; the radius of curvature of the tapered curved surface is the same as the radius of curvature of the female die; the female die and a male die are matched with each other, so that the processing accuracy of the produced yacht curved surface outer plate is high, and the rate of finished products is high; a guide rail, a measuring rail and a hydraulic cylinder are matched for utilization, so that the three-dimensional interaction is achieved, and the processing of complex curved surfaces is achieved; the female die and the male die are designed as detachable structures, so that the processing requirement of different curved surfaces can be met; and the female die and the male die are provided with heating devices, so that the forming and structure integration can be achieved, the processing technology of the device is convenient, and the requirement of different yacht curved surface outer plate forming technologies can be met.

Description

One is applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device
Technical field
The present invention relates to ship domain, be specially and be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, people require to improve constantly to the appearance design of yacht, many yacht appearance structures are designed to the curved-surface structure of different curvature, traditional steel construction yacht is gradually by composite, especially glass fiber reinforced plastics composite material substitute, and there is not been reported about being applicable to the glass fiber reinforced plastics composite material process equipment of yacht surface exterior panel.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes one and be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, for achieving the above object, the present invention takes following process technology scheme:
One is applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, comprise frame, former, formpiston, guide rail and survey rail, the bottom of described frame is provided with guide rail, former laid by described guide rail, described former can do level along guide rail and move forward and backward, and the upper surface of described cavity block is to corresponding curved surface with yacht surface exterior panel; The top of described frame is provided with crossbeam, crossbeam side is provided with siding track, described survey rail arranges hydraulic jack, the described hydraulic jack other end is provided with formpiston, and formpiston, under the effect of oil cylinder, can move vertically, described formpiston connection can do level along survey rail with hydraulic jack and move forward and backward, described formpiston lower surface is conical camber, and the radius of curvature of described conical camber is identical with former radius of curvature, and described cavity block and formpiston are provided with heater.
Described former has "T"-shaped protruding rail, and described guide rail is provided with the recessed rail of " U " shape, and the "T"-shaped protruding rail of described former is relative with the recessed rail of " U " shape of guide rail, and described former can be made level along guide rail and move forward and backward, and described former is demountable structure.
Described formpiston adopts four-column type or planer-type support to cause below described hydraulic jack, and described formpiston moves vertically under hydraulic jack effect, can be demountable structure along described formpiston.
Described heater is cast copper electric heating coil.
Described formpiston heating device surface applies one deck carbon fibre composite, and the thickness of described carbon fibre composite is 2 microns-8 microns.
Described former heating device surface arranges one deck carbon fibre composite, and the thickness of described carbon fibre composite is 2 microns-8 microns.
The present invention relates to one and be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, the upper surface of molding equipment cavity block is designed to yacht surface exterior panel to corresponding curved surface, formpiston lower surface is designed to conical camber, and the radius of curvature of conical camber is identical with former radius of curvature, adopt this former and formpiston collocation, the yacht surface exterior panel machining accuracy of producing is high, and yield rate is high; By guide rail, survey rail and hydraulic jack with the use of, can three-dimensional interactive be realized, realize complex surface machining; Former and formpiston are designed to demountable structure, can meet the processing of different curve; Cavity block and formpiston are provided with heater and can realize shaping and structure-integrated, and therefore, this equipment processing technology is convenient, can meet the demand of different yacht surface exterior panel moulding process.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described, not limitation of the present invention, and the equivalent replacement of every any this area of carrying out according to the disclosure of invention, all belongs to protection scope of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 one is applicable to the shaping dress schematic diagram of yacht surface exterior panel.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
The one of exemplary embodiments of the present invention is applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, comprises frame (1), former (2), formpiston (3), guide rail (4) and surveys rail (5).
The bottom of frame (1) is provided with guide rail (5), guide rail is laid former (2), and former (2) can do level along guide rail (4) and move forward and backward, and the upper surface of cavity block (2) is to corresponding curved surface with yacht surface exterior panel; Former (2) has "T"-shaped protruding rail; described guide rail (4) is provided with the recessed rail of " U " shape, and the "T"-shaped protruding rail of described former (2) is relative with the recessed rail of " U " shape of guide rail, and former can be made level along guide rail and move forward and backward; cavity block (2) is provided with heater, and heater is cast copper electric heating coil; Former (2) heating device surface arranges the carbon fibre composite that a layer thickness is 2 microns; Former (2) is demountable structure.
The top of frame (1) is provided with crossbeam, crossbeam side is provided with siding track (5), survey on rail (5) and hydraulic jack (6) is set, hydraulic jack (6) other end is provided with formpiston (3), formpiston (3) is under the effect of oil cylinder, can move vertically, formpiston (3) join same hydraulic jack (6) can along survey rail (5) do level move forward and backward, formpiston (3) lower surface is conical camber, the radius of curvature of conical camber is identical with former (2) radius of curvature, formpiston adopts four-column type or planer-type support to cause in hydraulic jack (6) below, formpiston (3) moves vertically under hydraulic jack (6) effect, formpiston (3) is provided with heater, heater is cast copper electric heating coil, formpiston (3) heating device surface arranges the carbon fibre composite that a layer thickness is 2 microns, formpiston is demountable structure.
The one that the embodiment of the present invention provides is applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, and its operation principle is as follows:
First, open the heater of former (2) and formpiston (3), the temperature of former (2) and formpiston (3) is risen to the temperature of setting, afterwards, by the raw material of yacht curved slab, mat formation on former (2) according to the ply sequence of setting, open hydraulic jack (6), formpiston (3) is driven to move downward, former (2) and formpiston (3) is finally made to close, under the pressure of the generation of former (2) and formpiston (3) and the effect of heat, by the adhesive solidification in the sheet material in enclosed region, then, former (2) is made to do movable in the horizontal direction by adjustment guide rail (4), or by adjustment survey rail (5), formpiston (3) is moved left and right in the horizontal direction, again by height and the pressure of hydraulic jack (6) adjustment formpiston, ship surface exterior panel piecemeal is solidified, make it shape in aggregates, finally, open formpiston (3), the ship surface plate processed is taken out from former (2).

Claims (6)

1. one kind is applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device, comprise frame, former, formpiston, guide rail and survey rail, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described frame is provided with guide rail, former laid by described guide rail, described former can do level along guide rail and move forward and backward, and the upper surface of described cavity block is to corresponding curved surface with yacht surface exterior panel; The top of described frame is provided with crossbeam, crossbeam side is provided with siding track, described survey rail arranges hydraulic jack, the described hydraulic jack other end is provided with formpiston, and formpiston, under the effect of oil cylinder, can move vertically, described formpiston connection can do level along survey rail with hydraulic jack and move forward and backward, described formpiston lower surface is conical camber, and the radius of curvature of described conical camber is identical with former radius of curvature, and described cavity block and formpiston are provided with heater.
2. be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described former has "T"-shaped protruding rail, described guide rail is provided with the recessed rail of " U " shape, the "T"-shaped protruding rail of described former is relative with the recessed rail of " U " shape of guide rail, described former can be made level along guide rail and move forward and backward, and described former is demountable structure.
3. be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described formpiston adopts four-column type or planer-type support to cause below described hydraulic jack, described formpiston moves vertically under hydraulic jack effect, can be demountable structure along described formpiston.
4. be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heater is cast copper electric heating coil.
5. be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described formpiston heating device surface applies one deck carbon fibre composite, the thickness of described carbon fibre composite is 2 microns-8 microns.
6. be applicable to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described former heating device surface arranges one deck carbon fibre composite, the thickness of described carbon fibre composite is 2 microns-8 microns.
CN201510865835.8A 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 One kind is applied to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device Expired - Fee Related CN105479769B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510865835.8A CN105479769B (en) 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 One kind is applied to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510865835.8A CN105479769B (en) 2015-12-02 2015-12-02 One kind is applied to yacht surface exterior panel shaped device

Publications (2)

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CN105479769A true CN105479769A (en) 2016-04-13
CN105479769B CN105479769B (en) 2017-11-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109968643A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-05 厦门大学嘉庚学院 Three D thermo shaping method of plastic sheet numerical control

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3334001A (en) * 1963-06-03 1967-08-01 Certain Teed Prod Corp Process for forming a laminated plastic structure
CN2476360Y (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-02-13 番禺珠江钢管有限公司 Make-up machine
CN201684806U (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-12-29 天津津起起重设备有限公司 Hydraulic press for forming hoisting crane runway platens
CN202387814U (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-08-22 佛山市荣盛达不锈钢材料有限公司 Forming press
CN102873879A (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-16 空中客车运营简化股份公司 Process for the production of a double-curved panel
CN103407174A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-27 北京航空航天大学 Integrally-forming method of CFRP lenticular collapsible tube
CN104162994A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-26 西安拓飞复合材料有限公司 Manufacture method of carbon fiber parabolic antenna

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3334001A (en) * 1963-06-03 1967-08-01 Certain Teed Prod Corp Process for forming a laminated plastic structure
CN2476360Y (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-02-13 番禺珠江钢管有限公司 Make-up machine
CN201684806U (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-12-29 天津津起起重设备有限公司 Hydraulic press for forming hoisting crane runway platens
CN102873879A (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-16 空中客车运营简化股份公司 Process for the production of a double-curved panel
CN202387814U (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-08-22 佛山市荣盛达不锈钢材料有限公司 Forming press
CN103407174A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-27 北京航空航天大学 Integrally-forming method of CFRP lenticular collapsible tube
CN104162994A (en) * 2014-08-08 2014-11-26 西安拓飞复合材料有限公司 Manufacture method of carbon fiber parabolic antenna

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109968643A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-05 厦门大学嘉庚学院 Three D thermo shaping method of plastic sheet numerical control
CN109968643B (en) * 2019-03-28 2021-12-07 厦门大学嘉庚学院 Numerical control three-D thermoforming method for plastic sheet

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