CN105478250B - A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer - Google Patents

A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105478250B
CN105478250B CN201510800596.8A CN201510800596A CN105478250B CN 105478250 B CN105478250 B CN 105478250B CN 201510800596 A CN201510800596 A CN 201510800596A CN 105478250 B CN105478250 B CN 105478250B
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China
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gas
liquid
hole
pin
plate
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CN201510800596.8A
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CN105478250A (en
Inventor
王继仁
李腾达
王雪峰
王品贺
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Liaoning Technical University
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Liaoning Technical University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/12Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means capable of producing different kinds of discharge, e.g. either jet or spray
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/26Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with means for mechanically breaking-up or deflecting the jet after discharge, e.g. with fixed deflectors; Breaking-up the discharged liquid or other fluent material by impinging jets

Abstract

A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention, including injection apparatus and breaker, the breaker is arranged on one end of injection apparatus, the injection apparatus includes gas-liquid input chamber, gas-liquid input chamber and gas-liquid mixed room one end are affixed, the gas-liquid mixed room other end offers jet expansion, breaker is installed on gas-liquid mixed outdoor, breaker includes the supporting disk located at gas-liquid mixed room bottom, support bar is connected with supporting disk, intermediate plate is connected with support bar, intermediate plate is above support disk, intermediate plate one end is plugged with pin, lever is corresponding with the jet expansion, the pin can relatively move on intermediate plate.The droplet of ejection is crushed again by breaker, further reduce mist droplet particle size, increase jet angle and radiation scope, the size of pin diameter and its distance apart from jet expansion can also be adjusted, realize different spray particle diameters, the different dust atmosphere of industrial and mining enterprises is adapted to, realizes most efficient dust removing effects.

Description

A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer
Technical field:
The present invention relates to dedusting dust falling device technical field, and in particular to a kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer.
Background technology:
The common dedusting technology in China has mechanical dedusting, bag-type dusting, electrostatic precipitation and wet dust removal etc. at present.Wherein Wet dust removal (spraying) is the most practical.As the core of wet dust removal, the type of nozzle common are:1st, pressure atomization is sprayed Mouth, it only could realize small mist droplet particle size at high water pressures, and water consumption is big, especially for colliery, live water purification money Source is very rare;2nd, rotary atomizing nozzle, although its range of atomized flow is wide, drop is uniform, and size droplet diameter is excessive, and mist type is hollow; The new-type nozzle such as the 3rd, sound wave, electromagnetism, cost is higher and realizes that difficulty is larger;4th, gas-liquid two-phase nozzle, atomizing effect is preferable, but sprays Firing angle is small, it is necessary to introduce gas circuit, and in industrial and mining enterprises, liquid medium impurity content is high, easily produces blocking, if expanding outlet opening It footpath, then certainly will increase the mist droplet particle size of ejection, the effect of dedusting can not be reached well.In the dust removal mechanism that cloud combines On, it is believed that when mist droplet particle size is 8-10 times of dust size, it is good to catch dirt effect.For respirable dust, (dust diameter is less than 7um), then mist droplet particle size is better closer to grit diameter.For the needs of high-effective dust-removing depositing dust, there is an urgent need to one kind can provide more The nozzle of fine uniform mist droplet particle size.
The content of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of industrial and mineral scene to for different dusts environment, implement the adjustable of dedusting depositing dust Formula gas-liquid two-phase atomizer.
To achieve the above object, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer provided by the invention, including injection apparatus and breaker are described broken Crushing device is arranged on one end of injection apparatus, and the injection apparatus includes gas-liquid input chamber, gas-liquid input chamber and gas-liquid mixed room One end is affixed, and the gas-liquid mixed room other end offers jet expansion, and the breaker is installed on gas-liquid mixed outdoor, The breaker includes the supporting disk located at gas-liquid mixed room top, and support bar is connected with supporting disk, supports Intermediate plate is connected with bar, intermediate plate is above support disk, and intermediate plate one end is plugged with pin, and lever is relative with the jet expansion Should, the pin can relatively move on intermediate plate.
The gas-liquid input chamber offers first through hole, and first through hole one end is provided with plug, and gas-liquid input chamber side is set Gas input passage is equipped with, opposite side is provided with liquid input channel, and liquid input channel is connected with the first through hole, gas Input channel offers second channel close to the first through hole side;Gas-liquid mixed room offers the second through hole, gas-liquid mixed Room one end is provided with gas disk, air inlet is offered on gas disk, the air inlet is corresponding with the second channel of gas-liquid input chamber, enters Gas port extends into gas-liquid mixed room and forms inlet channel, and the gas-liquid mixed room is plugged in described close to one end of air inlet One through hole, the gas-liquid mixed room other end are provided with hybrid chamber, and hybrid chamber connects with the second through hole, and liquid is with gas in hybrid chamber Mixing, hybrid chamber end opens up jet expansion.
It is provided with the plug and dredges stifled penetration needling, dredging the stifled relatively described plug of penetration needling can moves up and down, and dredge the one of stifled penetration needling End is inserted in the second through hole through the first through hole.
The thin stifled penetration needling is threadedly coupled or is slidably connected with plug.
The inlet channel is in gas-liquid mixed chamber interior walls rotary setting.
The pin is coaxially disposed with the jet expansion.
The intermediate plate is provided with screw, and pin is provided with screw thread, and pin is threaded on intermediate plate.
Described intermediate plate one end is provided with groove, and third through-hole is opened up on groove, and pin is inserted in the third through-hole, and groove is opened Mouth end is provided with lock-screw.
The intermediate plate is socketed in or is threaded in or is welded on the support bar.
The pin is column or strip, and pin area of section is less than the cone that droplet is formed after jet expansion ejection Floor space.
A kind of beneficial effect of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention:The droplet of ejection is entered by breaker Row crushes again, further reduces mist droplet particle size, increases jet angle and radiation scope, droplet velocities are unattenuated and are effectively saved Water consumption, energy-saving and water-saving, the tunnel in colliery, working face, because of the different dust atmosphere of industrial and mining enterprises, its dust can be flexibly applied to Particle diameter distribution is different, and the size of the pin diameter of breaker is correspondingly adjusted for different dust sizes and its is gone out apart from nozzle The distance of mouth, obtain different spray particle diameters and carry out the distribution transformation of spray particle diameter, dropped with the mist droplet particle size dedusting of peak efficiency Dirt, realize most efficient dust removing effects.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of injection apparatus structural representation of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of breaker structural representation of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3 breakers;
Fig. 5 is the A-A faces schematic diagram of gas-liquid input chamber in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the B-B faces schematic diagram of gas-liquid mixed room in Fig. 2;
1- injection apparatus, 2- breakers, 3- gas-liquid input chambers, 4- gas-liquid mixeds room, 5- jet expansions, 6- supporting circles Disk, 7- support bars, 8- intermediate plates, 9- pins, 10- first through hole, 11- plugs, 12- gas input passages, the input of 13- liquid are logical Road, 14- second channels, the through holes of 15- second, 16- gas disks, 17- air inlets, 18- inlet channels, 19- hybrid chambers, 20- dredge stifled saturating Pin, 21- grooves, 22- third through-holes, 23- lock-screws.
Embodiment:
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
According to Fig. 1, a kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer, including injection apparatus 1 and breaker 2, it is described Breaker 2 is arranged on one end of injection apparatus 1, and the injection apparatus 1 includes gas-liquid input chamber 3, gas-liquid input chamber 3 and gas-liquid The one end of mixing chamber 4 is affixed, and the other end of gas-liquid mixed room 4 offers jet expansion 5, and the breaker 2 is installed on gas-liquid After the extraneous gas of mixing chamber 4 and liquid are mixed in injection apparatus 1, sprayed from the end of injection apparatus 1, with windage shape Into spraying, the droplet in spraying occurs to crush again, reduces the particle diameter of droplet and increase diffusion under the effect of breaker 2 Angle, form uniformly widely distributed mist field.
According to Fig. 3~Fig. 4, the breaker 2 includes the supporting disk 6 located at the top of gas-liquid mixed room 4, Support bar 7 is connected with supporting disk 6, is socketed with or is threaded with support bar 7 or be welded with intermediate plate 8, intermediate plate 8 is positioned at branch Hold round above disk, the one end of intermediate plate 8 is provided with groove 21, third through-hole 22 is opened up on groove 21, and pin 9 is inserted in the third through-hole 22 In, the openend of groove 21 is provided with lock-screw 23, in other embodiments, can also be that intermediate plate 8 is provided with screw, pin 9 Screw thread is provided with, pin 9 is threaded on intermediate plate 8, and pin 9 can relatively move on intermediate plate 8, by adjusting lever 9 and spray The distance of mouth outlet 5 or the diameter of lever 9 so that crushed again after droplet collision lever and obtain smaller spray particle diameter, fitted The dust size of different dusts environment is answered, the pin 9 is column or strip, and lever 9 is coaxially disposed with the jet expansion 5, The area of section of pin 9 is less than the floor space for the cone that droplet is formed after the ejection of jet expansion 5.
Further, needed when because of operating environment, it is necessary to which diameter of section of the pin 9 close to the one end of jet expansion 5 is much larger than During the diameter of third through-hole, lever 9 is inserted in third through-hole, and circular baffle plate is set close to the one end of jet expansion 5 in pin 9, The circular baffle plate area of section is less than the floor space for the cone that droplet is formed after the ejection of jet expansion 5.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the gas-liquid input chamber 3 offers first through hole 10, and the one end of first through hole 10 is set There is plug 11, be threadedly coupled or slidably connect on plug 11 and dredge stifled penetration needling 20, it is spicule to dredge stifled penetration needling 20, can be relatively described Plug 11 moves up and down, and dredges stifled one end of penetration needling 20 and is inserted through the first through hole 10 in the second through hole 15, described for dredging The through hole 15 of first through hole 10 and second, the side of gas-liquid input chamber 3 are provided with gas input passage 12, and it is defeated that opposite side is provided with liquid Enter passage 13, liquid input channel 13 is connected with the first through hole 10, and gas input passage 12 is close to the first through hole one Side offers second channel 14;Gas-liquid mixed room 4 offers the second through hole 15, and the one end of gas-liquid mixed room 4 is provided with gas disk 16, gas Air inlet 17 is offered on disk 16, the air inlet 17 is corresponding with the second channel 14 of gas-liquid input chamber 3, and air inlet 17 is to gas Extension forms inlet channel 18 in liquid mixing chamber 4, and inlet channel 18 is in the inwall rotary setting of gas-liquid mixed room 4, and air-flow is by air inlet Gas-liquid mixed room 4 is sent into the rotation of passage 18, and the gas-liquid mixed room 4 is plugged in the first through hole close to one end of air inlet 17 10, the other end of gas-liquid mixed room 4 is provided with hybrid chamber 19, and hybrid chamber 19 connects with the second through hole 15, and liquid is mixing with gas Mixed in chamber 19, gas drives liquid mutually to collide or touched with the inwall of hybrid chamber 19 between the internal rotation of hybrid chamber 19, drop Hit, form as far as possible small size droplet diameter, the jet expansion 5 opened up by the end of hybrid chamber 19 sprays.
A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer of the present invention is realized in:Liquid is entered by liquid input channel 13 Enter the first through hole 10 of gas-liquid input chamber 3, the hybrid chamber of gas-liquid mixed room 4 is entered by the through hole 15 of first through hole 10 and second 19, gas enters gas-liquid mixed room 4 by the through hole 15 of gas input passage 12 and second that is set on gas-liquid input chamber 3 The air inlet 17 opened up on the gas disk 16 of end face, the hybrid chamber 19 of gas-liquid mixed room 4 is eventually entered into, in the mixed of gas-liquid mixed room 4 Close and mixed in chamber 19, under the cutting of air-flow, the jet expansion 5 opened up after rotation is broken by the end of hybrid chamber 19 sprays liquid Go out, formed spray with windage in atmosphere, after the droplet high-speed impact pin 9 in spraying, broken splashing occurs, spreads out Penetrate, reduce the particle diameter of droplet and increase angle of flare, form uniformly widely distributed mist field, breaker 2 can also be adjusted The size of lever diameter and its distance apart from jet expansion 5, realize different spray particle diameters, the dust different in face of industrial and mining enterprises Environment, with the mist droplet particle size dedusting depositing dust of peak efficiency, reach best atomizing effect.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof, to the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to above-described embodiment for pipe, those of ordinary skills in the art should understand that:Still may be used Modified or equivalent substitution with the embodiment to the present invention, and repaiied without departing from any of spirit and scope of the invention Change or equivalent substitution, it all should cover among present claims scope.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer, it is characterised in that:Including injection apparatus and breaker, the broken dress Put installed in one end of injection apparatus, the injection apparatus includes gas-liquid input chamber, gas-liquid input chamber and gas-liquid mixed room one end Affixed, the gas-liquid mixed room other end offers jet expansion, and the breaker is installed on gas-liquid mixed outdoor, described Breaker includes the supporting disk located at gas-liquid mixed room top, is connected with support bar on supporting disk, on support bar Intermediate plate is connected with, intermediate plate is above support disk, and intermediate plate one end is plugged with pin, and lever is corresponding with the jet expansion, The pin can relatively move on intermediate plate, and the gas-liquid input chamber offers first through hole, and first through hole one end is provided with stifled Head, gas-liquid input chamber side are provided with gas input passage, and opposite side is provided with liquid input channel, liquid input channel and institute First through hole connection is stated, gas input passage offers second channel close to the first through hole side;Gas-liquid mixed room opens up There is the second through hole, gas-liquid mixed room one end is provided with gas disk, and air inlet, the air inlet and gas-liquid input chamber are offered on gas disk Second channel it is corresponding, air inlet extends into gas-liquid mixed room and forms inlet channel, and the inlet channel is in gas-liquid mixed Chamber interior walls rotary setting, the gas-liquid mixed room are plugged in the first through hole close to one end of air inlet, and gas-liquid mixed room is another One end is provided with hybrid chamber, and hybrid chamber connects with the second through hole, and liquid mixes with gas in hybrid chamber, and hybrid chamber end opens up Jet expansion.
  2. A kind of 2. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set on the plug Have and dredge stifled penetration needling, dredging the stifled relatively described plug of penetration needling can be moved up and down, and the one end for dredging stifled penetration needling is inserted through the first through hole In second through hole.
  3. A kind of 3. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described dredge stifled penetration needling with Plug is threadedly coupled or is slidably connected.
  4. A kind of 4. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pin with it is described Jet expansion is coaxially disposed.
  5. A kind of 5. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The intermediate plate is provided with Screw, pin are provided with screw thread, and pin is threaded on intermediate plate.
  6. A kind of 6. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described intermediate plate one end is set Groove is equipped with, third through-hole is opened up on groove, pin is inserted in the third through-hole, and the openend of groove is provided with lock-screw.
  7. A kind of 7. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The intermediate plate is socketed in Or it is threaded in or is welded on the support bar.
  8. A kind of 8. adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pin is column Or strip, pin area of section are less than the floor space for the cone that droplet is formed after jet expansion ejection.
CN201510800596.8A 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer Active CN105478250B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510800596.8A CN105478250B (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510800596.8A CN105478250B (en) 2015-11-18 2015-11-18 A kind of adjustable gas-liquid two-phase atomizer

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CN105478250B true CN105478250B (en) 2017-12-05

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111940159A (en) * 2019-05-14 2020-11-17 沈阳芯源微电子设备股份有限公司 Wafer surface particle cleaning double-rotating nozzle

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3706694C2 (en) * 1987-03-02 1992-06-17 Lechler Gmbh & Co Kg, 7012 Fellbach, De
CN201079753Y (en) * 2007-07-16 2008-07-02 北京交通大学 Jet atomization adjustable double-function spray head
CN203316299U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-12-04 山西泰来鸿纳科技有限公司 Atomizer used for air purification
CN203355927U (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-12-25 陕西金翼通风科技有限公司 Target type impinging stream nozzle with conical firing pin
CN203355926U (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-12-25 陕西金翼通风科技有限公司 Target type impinging stream nozzle with circular truncated cone firing pin
CN103372510B (en) * 2013-07-05 2015-11-18 中国航天科技集团公司第六研究院第十一研究所 A kind of hollow tapered effervescent atomizer being applicable to high viscosity non-newtonian fluid
CN103769324B (en) * 2014-01-24 2015-08-19 山东建筑大学 Internal-mixing two phase flow nozzle

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