CN105474971B - Improve the implantation methods of passion fruit sugar - Google Patents

Improve the implantation methods of passion fruit sugar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105474971B
CN105474971B CN201510973148.8A CN201510973148A CN105474971B CN 105474971 B CN105474971 B CN 105474971B CN 201510973148 A CN201510973148 A CN 201510973148A CN 105474971 B CN105474971 B CN 105474971B
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fruit
weight
fertilizer
parts
plant
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CN105474971A (en
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何树悠
黄日明
包鸿铭
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Guangxi Green Hope Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Guangxi Green Hope Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit sugar, the passion fruit kind planted is " platform agriculture No.1 ", and implantation methods include selection of land, site preparation, field planting, built, pruning, fertilizer and water management, field management and the step of the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.The present invention provides a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit sugar, the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer that the fertilizer and night soil that trickle irrigation contains sugar when being formed before flowering with fruit are sealed by fermentation, 63 grams of the passion fruit mean fruit weight produced, it is 125 grams maximum, fruit juice is in goldenrod, and fragrance is strong, acidity 2.14%, sugariness reaches 30%Brix, fruit juice rate is up to 34%, and bright in colour, yield is high, it is pollution-free, 1 year 5 season of harvest.

Description

Improve the implantation methods of passion fruit sugar
Technical field
The invention belongs to the implantation methods of industrial crops more particularly to the implantation methods of raising passion fruit sugar.
Background technology
Passion fruit, original name:Passion fruit,【Classification system】Passionfora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg,【Not Name】Ocean pomegranate, violet passion fruit, Passifloraceae, Passiflora herbaceous species, stem tool stria are hairless.Leaf papery, centre are split Piece is avette, two side sliver ovate oblongs, and valve margin has the interior tapering sawtooth of curved gland, and outside top has 1 horn shape appendicle;Interior pair The non-pleated of corolla, top full edge or be irregular tear shape, pistac;Ovary falls ovoid, flat bar shape, column cap kidney shape.Slurry Fruit ovoid, hairless, purple when ripe;Seed is most, avette.Big Lesser Antilles is originated in, it is now wide to plant in the torrid zone and Asia heat Band area.Vegetables, feed can be eaten or be made to fruit raw.Fruit flesh many juice adds in calcium bicarbonate and sugar, can be made into the tasty drink of fragrance Material.Seed extracts oil, can edible and soapmaking, liquefaction paint etc..According to scientific forecasting, fruit contain 17 kinds of amino acid of needed by human body, Multivitamin and carotenoid including very abundant natural Vitamin C, just contain vitamin in every 100 grams of fruit juice C is 34.6 milligrams, also rich in dimension life A, B1, B2 etc., in addition also containing substances such as abundant calcium, phosphorus, iron and a variety of amino acid and Trace element.Soluble solid accounts for 5%-16%, total acid content 3.8%-4%, and sweet tea acid is moderate.Nutritive value is very high, is original with it Material, is processed into fruit juice, fruit dew, jam, jelly, unique flavor.Pericarp is capable of using as feed and extracts pectin, and root, stem, leaf can enter Medicine, have anti-inflammatory analgetic, promoting blood circulation, enriching yin and nourishing kidney, blood fat-reducing blood pressure-decreasing, refresh oneself sober up, dispelling fatigue, toxin-expelling and face nourishing, enhancing it is immune The mystery health-care effect such as power.
In view of passion fruit pulp is delicious, flower fragrance attacks people, is alternatively arranged as ornamental plant, gives very comfortable sense Feel.And it was found that passion fruit is also very prominent to the healthcare function of human body, skin-protecting face nursing, refreshes the mind at appetite-stimulating and indigestion-relieving, right The diseases such as sphagitis, enterogastritis, whelk, hemorrhoid have inhibition, therapeutic effect well.Therefore there are many scholars or the company all right The plantation of passion fruit has carried out a large amount of research, retrieves some documents below in relation to passion fruit implantation methods:
Application number:201310450749.1;Applicant:Liu Xuanhua;Denomination of invention:It is a kind of to make passion fruit batch maturation again The cultural method of high yield;Abstract:The present invention provides a kind of cultural method that can make the ripe high yield again of passion fruit batch, features It is:The column that frame is oppositely arranged by two rows, cross bar, the steel wire floor on cross bar and the nylon being arranged on steel wire floor on column Net and plastic film are formed, and column and cross bar form door shape frame, and cross bar is divided into upper and lower layer cross bar.Pruning is as master Climing grow to is pinched when being higher by lower floor cross bar 9-12cm from frame, when promoting the main stem branch to grow lateral bine and selects and remain 5-6 items Make level-one lateral bine, carrying out second when level-one lateral bine grows to 45-55cm pinches, and two level to level Four lateral bine all takes level-one side Climing method carries out.Fertilizer and water management is applied fertilizer using liquid manure drip irrigation type.Not only yield is high for this cultural method, but also can make hundred perfume Fruit tree body accomplishes bloom unified, ripe unification, harvesting unification substantially, is conducive to large-scale production.
Application number:201410254702.2;Applicant:Meng Liuning;Denomination of invention:The implantation methods of passion fruit;Abstract:This A kind of implantation methods of passion fruit of disclosure of the invention, include the following steps:Choose that the soil is porous is fertile, draining is good, sunlight fills Foot, the soil for being erected with greenhouse, excavate field planting ditch, watering, and organic fertilizer plants passion fruit seedling, flat roof type is set up with bamboo pole Frame periodically waters, branch-finishing and pruning.The passion fruit yield planted using the present invention is higher.
Application number:201410285178.5;Applicant:The beautiful ground of woods;Denomination of invention:The method of passion fruit plantation;Abstract:This A kind of method of passion fruit plantation of disclosure of the invention, belongs to fruit tree cultivation technical field, this method is using passion fruit and earthworm Interplant intercropping;Include:Selection of land, trench digging c, dig cave, set up passion fruit frame, plantation passion fruit sapling, earthworm raising, to Passion fruit does the step of daily nursing.The method of this passion fruit plantation can solve existing cultivation and cultural technique is insufficient asks Topic.
Application number:201410804239.4;Applicant:Guizhou platform peasants who dig gold's industry technological development Co., Ltd;Invention name Claim:A kind of passion fruit implantation methods;Abstract:The present invention relates to agriculture forestry planting technical field, especially a kind of passion fruit plantation side Method after carrying out immersion treatment to passion fruit seed, then is used bactericidal agent to carry out sterilization treatment, and will be after its vernalization As scion, graft seedling growth processing is being carried out as stock using sapling of growing directly from seeds, so that the plantation seedling raising process of passion fruit Become artificial control environmental condition, so that in continuous incubation, passion fruit generates an adaptation process to environment, And then the passion fruit seedling that graft seedling growth obtains is subjected to plant processing, and base is handled during plant again so that Ponding is less, and moisture supply is appropriate, and then improves the survival rate of passion fruit, improves the yield of passion fruit, reduces hundred perfume The planting cost of fruit avoids and introduces a fine variety the temperature difference to influence caused by the quality and yield of passion fruit.
Application number:201510065798.2;Applicant:Wan Jiang vegetables industries Institute for Research and Technology of Anhui Province Limited Liability is public Department;Denomination of invention:A kind of passion fruit implantation methods;Abstract:The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of passion fruit, including following Content:Seed selection, nursery arrangement, seed treatment, presprouting of seeds, transplanting, nursery bed management, be out of the garden, field management, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control; The implantation methods of the present invention are easy to operate, and abundance, obtained fruit is aesthetic in appearance, and nutritional ingredient is high, while reduce pair The influence of environment has higher economic value.
【Autograph】Passion fruit cultivation technique;【Author】Li Li, Zhang Li;【Print name】Rural Area of Guangdong Province practical technique;First, it transplants Passion fruit whole year can plant, but convenient with the 3-5 months, 9~November.Generally it is limited to 4~5 years in passion fruit Economical cultivation year, After harvesting in 5th year, old strain can be surgeried and be updated comprehensively.1st, specification is transplanted:Passion fruit is tendril fruit tree, with line-spacing during plantation 3 meters, 3~4 meters of spacing in the rows is advisable.Hillside fields plant spacing should be slightly wide, can not be overstocked.2. method for planting:Dig 60 centimetres wide, depth 60 Centimetre planting pit, apply the compost and soil mixed, then fruit seedling put down gently in plant hole center, then soil is returned and fills and leads up.It survives After axillary bud should be extractd.Only stay main stem terminal bud.It needs to found pole pillar in time after field planting, main stem to be guided to climb restocking.2nd, canopy is set up Frame passion fruit must be provided with frame during cultivating, to manage and to harvest.A font frames are common are, are set every 5~6 meters 1 A space section iron chassis is found, 1 No. 8 iron wires, both sides is drawn on its top and respectively draws 2 No. 8 iron wires, to strut the rattan to hang down It is climing, make to keep ventilation inside frame, avoid the generation of epidemic disease.Also cross, horizontal type, three line style frame of level etc. can be taken.3rd, After the field planting of branch-finishing and pruning passion fruit, when main stem is climbed to frame iron wire, 2 lateral buds are stayed, divides and is grown to both sides, until will when 2 meters long Side shoot top is wiped out, the lateral bud of base portion to be promoted to occur.Passion fruit avoids heavy pruning, need not cut by force every year, if trimming is excessive, easily leads to Main stem is gradually withered, and whole strain is withered when serious.Summer, which must prune off, grows overstocked branch, and 20~30 centimeters are removed from the ground, To be kept for well-ventilated's winter should wipe out complicated and confused from 2 meters about 5 centimeters of by-pass all to hang down, while wipe out old on frame Climing and deadwood makes branches and tendrils maintain appropriate space, excessively will not closely be overlapped, main stem or branch to be promoted to grow bearing basal shoot again And fruitful branch.4th, the rational application of fertilizer mainly based on organic fertilizer, not inclined nitrogen fertilizer application, with reference to chemical fertilizer application N:P:K is 2:1:4, i.e., it is annual every 0.25 kilogram of ammonium sulfate, 0.125 kilogram of calcium superphosphate, 0.5 kilogram of potassium chloride are applied in strain, respectively at sprouting sprouting, fruit development, are adopted Point 3 fertilisings after fruit.5th, water management passion fruit is more drought-enduring, but still needs to irrigate during winter dryness.If soil is excessively dry, meeting Shoot growth and fruit development are influenced, branch is caused to be withered when serious, fruit stops development, and shedding phenomenon occurs;Rainy season is then Notably orchard draining.Level land transplant passion fruit, should between furrow and orchard surrounding excavate gutter.6th, artificial supplementary pollination Bloom during passion fruit every morning 11 or so, artificial pollination should in the afternoon 4 when before complete, to improve setting percentage.Artificial pollination has 2 Kind method:(1) on 3 columns that pollen is uniformly smeared to gynoecium with writing brush;(2) clean cup is put into tweezers acquisition pollen bag In, water is added to make pollen soluble in water, then pollen water is sprayed onto on pistil stigma with sprayer.7th, harvesting with processing passion fruit into The landing of meeting nature, should pick up in time after ripe, preferably land in 3 days and tidy up in fruit, and otherwise fruit is exposed to the sun and rain, easily rotten It is rotten.Make raw material with passion fruit, the products such as fruit juice, fruit dew, jam, jelly can be processed into.
But the most common implantation methods either current according to the implantation methods described in above-mentioned document, it produces Passion fruit fruit meta-acid always allows and the people for eating acid is liked to try to stop but cannot, and the people for being afraid of acid is allowed to like but also hate not only, go at one bite, acid falls Big one side of something tooth, seriously affects sales volume.Also, hobby eats the guest of passion fruit, and long-term consumption can cause body and blood to change into Slant acidity in the course of time, can lead to organ failure, and derive various diseases.For a long time in this way, can also excessively consume the calcium in bone Inventory causes the acceleration of calcium to be lost in, and osteoporosis, saprodontia and myopia easily occurs.
Therefore, the present invention provides a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit pol, trickle irrigation when being formed before flowering with fruit The zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer that fertilizer and night soil containing sugar are sealed by fermentation, so as to increase the sugar of passion fruit, makes It obtains passion fruit and tastes more sweet taste, increase mouthfeel, improve fruit quality.
Invention content
In view of the above problems, the present invention provide it is a kind of improve passion fruit sugar implantation methods, before flowering with fruit shape Into when the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer that is sealed by fermentation of the trickle irrigation fertilizer that contains sugar and night soil, so as to increase passion fruit Sugar so that passion fruit tastes more sweet taste, increases mouthfeel, improves fruit quality, closely solves what current technology was produced The problem of fruit slant acidity.
The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:
(1)Select kind:Passion fruit " platform agriculture No.1 " take maternal, yellow kind as the F1 that male parent is hybridized of purple kind Into color it is purplish red for selection and breeding, adaptable, cold resistance is better than yellow kind, more sweet tea more fragrant than common passion fruit, more Greatly, without artificial pollination, yield is than general passion fruit more high yield.Passion fruit " platform agriculture No.1 " variety characteristic:Fruit is round, into Pericarp is in cerise when mostly ripe, and 62.8 grams of mean fruit weight is 120 grams maximum, and fruit juice is in goldenrod, and fragrance is strong, has kind of a water Fruit flavor, acidity about 2.56%, fruit juice rate is up to 33%.
(2)Selection of land:Selection has a good transport service, and rich in organic matter, loosing soil, soil layer is deep, and draining is good, sun-drenched Planting base of the level land as orchard.
(3)Site preparation:Under the conditions of level land, powder ridge machine powdery ridge site preparation, tilth 40-50cm are used.
(4)Field planting:Fine day digs planting pit after selecting cloudy day or rain, and specification is 15 centimetres of 15 cm x, 15 cm x;Per cave Deep 10 centimetres wide 25 centimetres of circular groove is dug around outside 20 centimetres of center, uses sufficient base manure, backfill table soil is mixed thoroughly with fertilizer, makes cave native Higher than 10 centimetres of earth's surface, one layer of cubsoil of lid is then returned again;During field planting, nursery stock is carried out by height, size and root system quality first Classification, strong sprout and weak seedling are separately waited to plant, then dig the soil in planting pit and smash to pieces, underlying soil is slightly compressed, and return a small amount of soil, Add water stirring slurry, per one plant of dibbling, just, plant is put into definite value cave by root Shu Miao, most one layer of soil that ravels of rear cover.At the beginning of definite value Phase keeps ground moistening, until Survival rate of nursery stock;If summer be colonized, sunlight than it is stronger when, it should be noted that shade moisturizing.
(5)Built:Fence type built is barricaded as using rod material, line-spacing is 2 meters, and spacing in the rows is 3 meters, takes 100-105 per acre Root rod, frame is 1.8-2 meters high, respectively draws an anti-corrosion steel wire 90 centimetres, 140 centimetres and 200 centimetres of position respectively.
(6)Pruning:After plant restoration ecosystem, 1 bud is smeared within every 5 days, promote main stem fast-growing, sturdy, and guide main stem Upper built;The raw plant main stem of First Year stays 2 major branches after reaching built steel wire, is stretched along horizontal iron wire, the raw result from major branch Branch, enables the sagging growth of fruitful branch, and leads to lead lateral bine and spirally wind on built and grow, after lateral bine shelfful, top binding of breaking; Fruitful branch covers with fence type built space, and the branch close to trunk first ties full fruit, treats that fruit all maturations of these branches are fallen Afterwards, these branches are trimmed immediately to 2-3 and saved;Fruitful branch, thin and weak branch, sick branch, residual branch after every batch of fruit picking are cut off in time, often A lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, 2 bud eyes are stayed on branches and tendrils, erase in time under frame face main stem and The lateral bud spray that base portion is sent out, at the same annual summer must prune off and grow overstocked branch, wipe out 20-30 centimeters from the ground Branch, to keep well-ventilated.
(7)Fertilizer and water management:10-15 days root systems start to grow after field planting, apply first time Liquid Fertilizer in root system surrounding, later every It was applied every 35 days once, company applies 3 times, and every plant of 5 kilograms of applying liquid fertilizer induces the growth of root system in root system surrounding every time;Before flowering Zymotic fluid of the trickle irrigation containing sugared fertilizer when being formed with fruit applies 700-900 kilograms of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer per acre, and when application presses Zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer:The weight ratio of water is 1:3 dilutions;Need to spray Liquid Fertilizer after fruit picking in time in fruit tree blade face.
(8)Field management:Young sprout germination period, bud differentiation and the rapid expanding stage of fruit irrigate moisture in time, ensure soil Earth moisture is sufficient;Before bud Physiological Differentiation and the soil conservation of fruit growth later stage is dried, it is impossible to have ponding;It is increased rapidly in fruit To shallow hoe is intertilled after fruit picking 2-3 time before sagging, depth is 5-8 centimetres;Flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhances tree vigo(u)r, cultivates strong tree.
(9)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Mainly to samping off, mosaic virus, anthracnose, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease, root The prevention of the insect pests such as the diseases such as maize ear rot and small trypetid, mite class, scale insect, aphid, plant hopper, bollworm;It is fragrant using lime prevention hundred Fruitworm does harm to, and uses bactericidal agent for preventing and treating passion fruit disease.
Step(4)The base manure is made of the raw material of following weight content:The decomposed oxen of 25-30% rotted pig manures+15-20% Excrement+5-7% bone meal+9-11% solarization distiller's dried grain+6-8% blackstrap+1-1.5% trace element+6-10% ammonium sulfate+3-5% calcium superphosphate+ 12-20% potassium chloride+surplus plant ash.
Step(7)The Liquid Fertilizer adds in 15 kilograms of peanut press pulp water for every 100 kilograms of night soils(Peanut press pulp:The weight of water Amount ratio is 1:4 dilute), 2 kilograms of potassium chloride and 4 kilograms of urea are sealed by fermentation 5-10 days.
Step(7)The people that containing sugared fertilizer adds in 200 parts by weight of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer for every 100 parts by weight Fecaluria is sealed by fermentation 5-10 days and obtains;Described is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight containing sugared fertilizer:40-50 parts by weight Blackstrap, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 5-10 parts by weight, the potassium chloride of 10-15 parts by weight, the chitosan of 5-8 parts by weight, 20-25 weight The glucose, the ammonium humate of 6-10 parts by weight and the sodium selenite of 3-6 parts by weight of part.
Step(9)The fungicide is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:25% carbendazim of 100-110 parts by weight 250 times of liquid of wettable powder, 600 times of liquid of wood vinegar of 50-80 parts by weight, the turpentine oil of 10-15 parts by weight, 5-8 parts by weight The garlic oil of caryophyllus oil and 11-13 parts by weight.
Vinasse, it is remaining dissolved after coarse filtration removes solid cereal for remaining recrement after the wine brewing such as rice, wheat, sorghum Residue and fine grained.Vinasse are a kind of good fertilizer, and through chemical examination, grain fertilizer dry matter nitrogen content is 3.67%, five oxidations two Phosphorus is 1.92%, potassium oxide 1.10%, and contains various trace elements, and wherein silicone content is higher, and 1 cube of rice fertilizer is equivalent to 4 The farm manure of cubic meter, grain fertilizer available nutrient is high, and potential nutrients service time is long.After soil application grain fertilizer, not only increase nutrient, Soil can also be improved simultaneously, improve soil organic matter content.
Peanut press pulp is a kind of good organic fertilizer, its carbon-nitrogen ratio is small, and decomposition rate is fast after being manured into soil, and is easily produced Raw fertilizer efficiency.The phosphorous potassium of peanut press pulp is all relatively abundant, and nutrient balance is complete, can meet the needs of fruit tree.So fruit tree had applied peanut press pulp both The quality that can improve fruit again can be increased production.It is tested according to Guangzhou suburbs, peanut press pulp cooperation potassium chloride application, lichee sugar increases 0.73%, vitamin C increases by 1.4%;Orange tree peanut press pulp cooperation potassium chloride, sugar increase by 1.14%, and vitamin C increases by 5.8%.
Blackstrap(waste molasses)A kind of byproduct of sugar refinery, can not again inspissation crystallization mother liquor.Useless sugar Mulse divides weight content in 18-50%, can be widely used for being used as auxiliary material in foliar fertilizer, liquid fertilizer, solid organic fertilizer.Useless sugar Containing the abundant required nutritional ingredient of plant growth in honey, according to analysis, contain sucrose 24-36%, other carbohydrates in blackstrap 12-24%, minerals 8-10%, thick protein 3-6%, a small amount of soluble type colloid and moisture, in addition to this, also contain in blackstrap There are a great number of elements such as N P and K, can be widely applied to fertilizer industry.
Chitosan is natural plant nutrient growth promoter -- the raw material of foliar fertilizer, the foliar fertilizer formed by chitosan compounding, Plant insecticide can be given, it is disease-resistant, play the role of fertilizer, and plant and animal residues and minor metallic element in soil can be decomposed, from And the nutrient of plant is converted into, enhance via plant immunity, promote the health of plant;Contain abundant albumen in shrimp shell, crab shell Matter, trace element after animal eats absorption, there is good nutritive value.
Ammonium humate, appearance are crystallized black particle or cylindrical particle, and soluble easily in water, aqueous solution is in alkalescent. Agriculture aspect, is used as humic acid fertilizer, can with become after the element compounds such as nitrogen, phosphorus, the potassium needed for plant it is multi-functional efficiently Compound fertilizer, as soil conditioner, plant growth stimulator and fertilizer efficiency promoting agent.
Selenium is a kind of beneficial element needed for plant growth, and selenium can stimulate the growth and development of plant, seed to sprout and improve Root activity promotes absorption and the plant metabolism of nutrition, improves photosynthesis and chlorophyll content, and enhancing plant biological resists Oxidation and the resistance to environment-stress, improve the disease-resistant anti-adversity ability of crops, and have the function of antagonism heavy metal.
Compared with prior art, the positive effect of the present invention is:
1st, the present invention provides a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit sugar, and selection adaptation is strong, and cold resistance is high, fruit is big Passion fruit kind fragrant and sweet, without pollination, such as " platform agriculture No.1 " and plants experimentally success, fertilising is adopted as inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer mixes The hair containing sugared fertilizer that the fertilizer and night soil that trickle irrigation contains sugar when closing, and being formed before flowering with fruit are sealed by fermentation Zymotic fluid, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is using less toxic control method, and 63 grams of the passion fruit mean fruit weight of production is 125 grams maximum, and fruit juice is in dense Yellow, fragrance is strong, acidity 2.14%, and sugariness reaches 30%Brix, and fruit juice rate is up to 34%, and bright in colour, yield is high, pollution-free, and one 5 seasons of harvest year.And planting for passion fruit successfully creates theoretical and practical foundation for the extra earning of local peasant household, local to improvement Soil environment and social environment are significant.
2nd, a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit sugar of the present invention, trickle irrigation contains sugar when being formed before flowering with fruit Fertilizer and the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer that is sealed by fermentation of night soil, it is various containing sugared nutrients in the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer It can soon be absorbed by crop leaf, directly enter plant from blade, promote the progress of various physiology courses in crop body, Intensity of photosynthesis is significantly improved, improves the activity of enzyme, promotes the synthesis, conversion and transport of organic matter, is conducive to dry matter Accumulation, so as to increase the sugar of passion fruit so that passion fruit tastes more sweet taste, increases mouthfeel, improves fruit quality, improves Fruit yield, so as to solve the problems, such as fruit slant acidity that current technology is produced.
3rd, a kind of implantation methods for improving passion fruit sugar of the present invention, fruit increase rapidly it is sagging before to intertilling after fruit picking It is shallow to uproot 2-3 times, loosing soil can be made to breathe freely and cut off soil capillary, be conducive to point of soil microbial activity and soil nutrient Solution, and moisture evaporation can be reduced, improve the water holding capacity of soil.
4th, the human excrement that containing sugared fertilizer adds in 200 parts by weight of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer of the invention for every 100 parts by weight Urine is sealed by fermentation 5-10 days and obtains, wherein containing sugared fertilizer by blackstrap, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium chloride, chitosan, glucose, corruption Phytic acid ammonium and sodium selenite composition, abundant sugar is provided for plant growth containing the glucose sugar in sugared fertilizer and blackstrap, and give up sugar Sucrose containing 24-36% in honey, other carbohydrates of 12-24%, the minerals of 8-10%;Application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen and potassium chloride promote Into the photosynthesis of crop, promote fruit sucrose accumulation, increase fruit mouthfeel, additionally it is possible to play the role of anti-shedding, strong fruit, most Big fruit reaches 125 grams maximum, and sugariness reaches 50 ° of more than Brix, and in addition to this, potash fertilizer also is able to control and adjust various The activity of mineral nutrient element activates the activity of various enzymes, controls the conveying of nutrient and water, keeps the internal pressure of cell, prevent from planting Object is withered;Chitosan can give plant insecticide, disease-resistant, play the role of fertilizer, and can decompose in soil plant and animal residues and micro- Metallic element is measured, so as to be converted into the nutrient of plant, enhances via plant immunity, promotes the health of plant;Ammonium humate, with plant Become multi-functional high-efficiency compound fertilizer after the element compounds such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium needed for object, promote being absorbed and utilized for fertilizer;Sub- selenium Sour sodium can promote absorption and the plant metabolism of nutrition, improve photosynthesis and chlorophyll content, and enhancing plant biological resists Oxidation and the resistance to environment-stress improve the disease-resistant anti-adversity ability of crops, and with weights such as inhibition arsenic, lead, cadmium, mercury The effect of the absorption of metal.By spraying the zymotic fluid being sealed by fermentation by the fertilizer containing sugar and night soil, make fermentation The various nutrients containing sugar in liquid can quickly be absorbed under the action of potassium ion and phosphate anion by plant leaf surface, can be apparent Improve the content of blade Determination of Chlorophyll and the Net Photosynthetic Rate of blade, so improve in fruit the content of fructose and glucose with And the activity level of invertase, while sucrose synthase and Sucrose Phosphate Synthase vigor are also improved significantly.In this condition Under, the raising of the vigor of a variety of enzymes of fruit promotes the raising of Sink strength degree, and Sink strength degree increase while correspondingly facilitates The operating of Tonghua product and the accumulation of dry matter, and then improve crop yield and sugar.
5th, fungicide of the invention is using in plant source sterilization component such as turpentine oil, caryophyllus oil and garlic oil and high-efficiency low-toxicity Absorption fungicide carbendazim, pest repellant wood vinegar mix, and play synergistic function, to samping off, mosaic virus, charcoal The diseases such as subcutaneous ulcer disease, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease and root rot have good preventive and therapeutic effect.Because carbendazim has interior suction treatment And protective effect, and wood vinegar be because containing that can sterilize there are many aldehydes matter, sterilize, and walk quickly and keep away pest, along with plant source is sterilized Ingredient reduces pesticide dosage jointly, so as to reduce the persticide residue of fruit, ensures the health of people.
6th, the present invention improves the implantation methods of passion fruit sugar using powdery ridge, base manure, Liquid Fertilizer, the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer Farming advanced with fungicide etc., fertilizer and except insect pest technology, are effectively improved soil property environment so that soil with organic matter content is significantly Increase.
7th, in the present invention, base manure using rotted pig manure, decomposed cow dung, bone meal, shine distiller's dried grain, blackstrap, trace element, Ammonium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, potassium chloride and plant ash are made, and wherein blackstrap contains the sucrose of 24-36%, other sugar of 12-24% Class, the minerals of 8-10%, base manure nutrition after root absorption, will be contained sugared nutrient and be transported to blade face, green so as to improve the blade middle period The content of element and the Net Photosynthetic Rate of blade, and then improve crop yield and sugar.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
(1)Select kind:Passion fruit " platform agriculture No.1 " kind.
(2)Selection of land:Selection has a good transport service, and rich in organic matter, loosing soil, soil layer is deep, and draining is good, sun-drenched Planting base of the level land as orchard.
(3)Site preparation:Under the conditions of level land, powder ridge machine powdery ridge site preparation, tilth 40-50cm are used.
(4)Field planting:Fine day digs planting pit after selecting cloudy day or rain, and specification is 15 centimetres of 15 cm x, 15 cm x;Per cave Deep 10 centimetres wide 25 centimetres of circular groove is dug around outside 20 centimetres of center, uses sufficient base manure, backfill table soil is mixed thoroughly with fertilizer, makes cave native Higher than 10 centimetres of earth's surface, one layer of cubsoil of lid is then returned again;During field planting, nursery stock is carried out by height, size and root system quality first Classification, strong sprout and weak seedling are separately waited to plant, then dig the soil in planting pit and smash to pieces, underlying soil is slightly compressed, and return a small amount of soil, Add water stirring slurry, per one plant of dibbling, just, plant is put into definite value cave by root Shu Miao, most one layer of soil that ravels of rear cover.At the beginning of definite value Phase keeps ground moistening, until Survival rate of nursery stock;If summer be colonized, sunlight than it is stronger when, it should be noted that shade moisturizing.
(5)Built:Fence type built is barricaded as using rod material, line-spacing is 2 meters, and spacing in the rows is 3 meters, takes 100-105 per acre Root rod, frame is 1.8-2 meters high, respectively draws an anti-corrosion steel wire 90 centimetres, 140 centimetres and 200 centimetres of position respectively.
(6)Pruning:After plant restoration ecosystem, 1 bud is smeared within every 5 days, promote main stem fast-growing, sturdy, and guide main stem Upper built;The raw plant main stem of First Year stays 2 major branches after reaching built steel wire, is stretched along horizontal iron wire, the raw result from major branch Branch, enables the sagging growth of fruitful branch, and leads to lead lateral bine and spirally wind on built and grow, after lateral bine shelfful, top binding of breaking; Fruitful branch covers with fence type built space, and the branch close to trunk first ties full fruit, treats that fruit all maturations of these branches are fallen Afterwards, these branches are trimmed immediately to 2-3 and saved;Fruitful branch, thin and weak branch, sick branch, residual branch after every batch of fruit picking are cut off in time, often A lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, 2 bud eyes are stayed on branches and tendrils, erase in time under frame face main stem and The lateral bud spray that base portion is sent out, at the same annual summer must prune off and grow overstocked branch, wipe out 20-30 centimeters from the ground Branch, to keep well-ventilated.
(7)Fertilizer and water management:Fertilizer and water management:10-15 days root systems start to grow after field planting, apply first time Liquid Fertilizer in root system four It was applied later every 35 days once in week, company applies 3 times, and every plant of 5 kilograms of applying liquid fertilizer induces the growth of root system in root system surrounding every time; Zymotic fluid of the trickle irrigation containing sugared fertilizer when being formed before flowering with fruit applies 700-900 kilograms of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer per acre, Using when by the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer:The weight ratio of water is 1:3 dilutions;Need to spray Liquid Fertilizer after fruit picking in time in fruit Leaf face.
(8)Field management:Young sprout germination period, bud differentiation and the rapid expanding stage of fruit irrigate moisture in time, ensure soil Earth moisture is sufficient;Before bud Physiological Differentiation and the soil conservation of fruit growth later stage is dried, it is impossible to have ponding;It is increased rapidly in fruit To shallow hoe is intertilled after fruit picking 2-3 time before sagging, depth is 5-8 centimetres;Flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhances tree vigo(u)r, cultivates strong tree.
(9)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Mainly to samping off, mosaic virus, anthracnose, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease, root The prevention of the insect pests such as the diseases such as maize ear rot and small trypetid, mite class, scale insect, aphid, plant hopper, bollworm;It is fragrant using lime prevention hundred Fruitworm does harm to, and uses bactericidal agent for preventing and treating passion fruit disease.
Step(4)The base manure is made of the raw material of following weight content:+ 20% decomposed cow dung+7% of 30% rotted pig manure Bone meal+11% shines+3%+12% potassium chloride of calcium superphosphate of micro-+6% ammonium sulfate of+6% blackstrap of distiller's dried grain+1%+surplus vegetation Ash.
Step(7)The Liquid Fertilizer adds in 15 kilograms of peanut press pulp water for every 100 kilograms of night soils(Peanut press pulp:The weight of water Amount ratio is 1:4 dilute), 2 kilograms of potassium chloride and 4 kilograms of urea are sealed by fermentation 5-10 days.
Step(7)The people that containing sugared fertilizer adds in 200 parts by weight of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer for every 100 parts by weight Fecaluria is sealed by fermentation 5-10 days and obtains;Described is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight containing sugared fertilizer:The useless sugar of 40 parts by weight Honey, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 5 parts by weight, the potassium chloride of 10 parts by weight, the chitosan of 5 parts by weight, the glucose of 20 parts by weight, 6 weights Measure the ammonium humate of part, the sodium selenite of 3 parts by weight.
Step(9)The fungicide is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:25% carbendazim of 100 parts by weight is wettable 250 times of liquid of property pulvis, 600 times of liquid of wood vinegar of 50 parts by weight, the turpentine oil of 10 parts by weight, 5 parts by weight caryophyllus oil and 11 weights Measure the garlic oil of part.
Embodiment 2
(1)Select kind:Passion fruit " platform agriculture No.1 " kind.
(2)Selection of land:Selection has a good transport service, and rich in organic matter, loosing soil, soil layer is deep, and draining is good, sun-drenched Planting base of the level land as orchard.
(3)Site preparation:Under the conditions of level land, powder ridge machine powdery ridge site preparation, tilth 40-50cm are used.
(4)Field planting:Fine day digs planting pit after selecting cloudy day or rain, and specification is 15 centimetres of 15 cm x, 15 cm x;Per cave Deep 10 centimetres wide 25 centimetres of circular groove is dug around outside 20 centimetres of center, uses sufficient base manure, backfill table soil is mixed thoroughly with fertilizer, makes cave native Higher than 10 centimetres of earth's surface, one layer of cubsoil of lid is then returned again;During field planting, nursery stock is carried out by height, size and root system quality first Classification, strong sprout and weak seedling are separately waited to plant, then dig the soil in planting pit and smash to pieces, underlying soil is slightly compressed, and return a small amount of soil, Add water stirring slurry, per one plant of dibbling, just, plant is put into definite value cave by root Shu Miao, most one layer of soil that ravels of rear cover.At the beginning of definite value Phase keeps ground moistening, until Survival rate of nursery stock;If summer be colonized, sunlight than it is stronger when, it should be noted that shade moisturizing.
(5)Built:Fence type built is barricaded as using rod material, line-spacing is 2 meters, and spacing in the rows is 3 meters, takes 100-105 per acre Root rod, frame is 1.8-2 meters high, respectively draws an anti-corrosion steel wire 90 centimetres, 140 centimetres and 200 centimetres of position respectively.
(6)Pruning:After plant restoration ecosystem, 1 bud is smeared within every 5 days, promote main stem fast-growing, sturdy, and guide main stem Upper built;The raw plant main stem of First Year stays 2 major branches after reaching built steel wire, is stretched along horizontal iron wire, the raw result from major branch Branch, enables the sagging growth of fruitful branch, and leads to lead lateral bine and spirally wind on built and grow, after lateral bine shelfful, top binding of breaking; Fruitful branch covers with fence type built space, and the branch close to trunk first ties full fruit, treats that fruit all maturations of these branches are fallen Afterwards, these branches are trimmed immediately to 2-3 and saved;Fruitful branch, thin and weak branch, sick branch, residual branch after every batch of fruit picking are cut off in time, often A lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, 2 bud eyes are stayed on branches and tendrils, erase in time under frame face main stem and The lateral bud spray that base portion is sent out, at the same annual summer must prune off and grow overstocked branch, wipe out 20-30 centimeters from the ground Branch, to keep well-ventilated.
(7)Fertilizer and water management:Fertilizer and water management:10-15 days root systems start to grow after field planting, apply first time Liquid Fertilizer in root system four It was applied later every 35 days once in week, company applies 3 times, and every plant of 5 kilograms of applying liquid fertilizer induces the growth of root system in root system surrounding every time; Zymotic fluid of the trickle irrigation containing sugared fertilizer when being formed before flowering with fruit applies 700-900 kilograms of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer per acre, Using when by the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer:The weight ratio of water is 1:3 dilutions;Need to spray Liquid Fertilizer after fruit picking in time in fruit Leaf face.
(8)Field management:Young sprout germination period, bud differentiation and the rapid expanding stage of fruit irrigate moisture in time, ensure soil Earth moisture is sufficient;Before bud Physiological Differentiation and the soil conservation of fruit growth later stage is dried, it is impossible to have ponding;It is increased rapidly in fruit To shallow hoe is intertilled after fruit picking 2-3 time before sagging, depth is 5-8 centimetres;Flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhances tree vigo(u)r, cultivates strong tree.
(9)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Mainly to samping off, mosaic virus, anthracnose, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease, root The prevention of the insect pests such as the diseases such as maize ear rot and small trypetid, mite class, scale insect, aphid, plant hopper, bollworm;It is fragrant using lime prevention hundred Fruitworm does harm to, and uses bactericidal agent for preventing and treating passion fruit disease.
Step(4)The base manure is made of the raw material of following weight content:+ 15% decomposed cow dung+6% of 25% rotted pig manure Bone meal+9% shines+5%+20% potassium chloride of calcium superphosphate of micro-+10% ammonium sulfate of+7% blackstrap of distiller's dried grain+1.5%+surplus vegetation Ash.
Step(7)The Liquid Fertilizer adds in 15 kilograms of peanut press pulp water for every 100 kilograms of night soils(Peanut press pulp:The weight of water Amount ratio is 1:4 dilute), 2 kilograms of potassium chloride and 4 kilograms of urea are sealed by fermentation 5-10 days.
Step(7)The people that containing sugared fertilizer adds in 200 parts by weight of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer for every 100 parts by weight Fecaluria is sealed by fermentation 5-10 days and obtains;Described is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight containing sugared fertilizer:The useless sugar of 45 parts by weight Honey, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 7 parts by weight, the potassium chloride of 13 parts by weight, the chitosan of 7 parts by weight, the glucose of 24 parts by weight, 8 weights Measure the ammonium humate of part, the sodium selenite of 5 parts by weight.
Step(9)The fungicide is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:25% carbendazim of 105 parts by weight is wettable 250 times of liquid of property pulvis, 600 times of liquid of wood vinegar of 70 parts by weight, the turpentine oil of 13 parts by weight, 7 parts by weight caryophyllus oil and 12 weights Measure the garlic oil of part.
Embodiment 3
(1)Select kind:Passion fruit " platform agriculture No.1 " kind.
(2)Selection of land:Selection has a good transport service, and rich in organic matter, loosing soil, soil layer is deep, and draining is good, sun-drenched Planting base of the level land as orchard.
(3)Site preparation:Under the conditions of level land, powder ridge machine powdery ridge site preparation, tilth 40-50cm are used.
(4)Field planting:Fine day digs planting pit after selecting cloudy day or rain, and specification is 15 centimetres of 15 cm x, 15 cm x;Per cave Deep 10 centimetres wide 25 centimetres of circular groove is dug around outside 20 centimetres of center, uses sufficient base manure, backfill table soil is mixed thoroughly with fertilizer, makes cave native Higher than 10 centimetres of earth's surface, one layer of cubsoil of lid is then returned again;During field planting, nursery stock is carried out by height, size and root system quality first Classification, strong sprout and weak seedling are separately waited to plant, then dig the soil in planting pit and smash to pieces, underlying soil is slightly compressed, and return a small amount of soil, Add water stirring slurry, per one plant of dibbling, just, plant is put into definite value cave by root Shu Miao, most one layer of soil that ravels of rear cover.At the beginning of definite value Phase keeps ground moistening, until Survival rate of nursery stock;If summer be colonized, sunlight than it is stronger when, it should be noted that shade moisturizing.
(5)Built:Fence type built is barricaded as using rod material, line-spacing is 2 meters, and spacing in the rows is 3 meters, takes 100-105 per acre Root rod, frame is 1.8-2 meters high, respectively draws an anti-corrosion steel wire 90 centimetres, 140 centimetres and 200 centimetres of position respectively.
(6)Pruning:After plant restoration ecosystem, 1 bud is smeared within every 5 days, promote main stem fast-growing, sturdy, and guide main stem Upper built;The raw plant main stem of First Year stays 2 major branches after reaching built steel wire, is stretched along horizontal iron wire, the raw result from major branch Branch, enables the sagging growth of fruitful branch, and leads to lead lateral bine and spirally wind on built and grow, after lateral bine shelfful, top binding of breaking; Fruitful branch covers with fence type built space, and the branch close to trunk first ties full fruit, treats that fruit all maturations of these branches are fallen Afterwards, these branches are trimmed immediately to 2-3 and saved;Fruitful branch, thin and weak branch, sick branch, residual branch after every batch of fruit picking are cut off in time, often A lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, 2 bud eyes are stayed on branches and tendrils, erase in time under frame face main stem and The lateral bud spray that base portion is sent out, at the same annual summer must prune off and grow overstocked branch, wipe out 20-30 centimeters from the ground Branch, to keep well-ventilated.
(7)Fertilizer and water management:Fertilizer and water management:10-15 days root systems start to grow after field planting, apply first time Liquid Fertilizer in root system four It was applied later every 35 days once in week, company applies 3 times, and every plant of 5 kilograms of applying liquid fertilizer induces the growth of root system in root system surrounding every time; Zymotic fluid of the trickle irrigation containing sugared fertilizer when being formed before flowering with fruit applies 700-900 kilograms of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer per acre, Using when by the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer:The weight ratio of water is 1:3 dilutions;Need to spray Liquid Fertilizer after fruit picking in time in fruit Leaf face.
(8)Field management:Young sprout germination period, bud differentiation and the rapid expanding stage of fruit irrigate moisture in time, ensure soil Earth moisture is sufficient;Before bud Physiological Differentiation and the soil conservation of fruit growth later stage is dried, it is impossible to have ponding;It is increased rapidly in fruit To shallow hoe is intertilled after fruit picking 2-3 time before sagging, depth is 5-8 centimetres;Flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhances tree vigo(u)r, cultivates strong tree.
(9)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Mainly to samping off, mosaic virus, anthracnose, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease, root The prevention of the insect pests such as the diseases such as maize ear rot and small trypetid, mite class, scale insect, aphid, plant hopper, bollworm;It is fragrant using lime prevention hundred Fruitworm does harm to, and uses bactericidal agent for preventing and treating passion fruit disease.
Step(4)The base manure is made of the raw material of following weight content:+ 18% decomposed cow dung+5% of 28% rotted pig manure Bone meal+10% shines+4%+16% potassium chloride of calcium superphosphate of micro-+8% ammonium sulfate of+8% blackstrap of distiller's dried grain+1.2%+surplus vegetation Ash.
Step(7)The Liquid Fertilizer adds in 15 kilograms of peanut press pulp water for every 100 kilograms of night soils(Peanut press pulp:The weight of water Amount ratio is 1:4 dilute), 2 kilograms of potassium chloride and 4 kilograms of urea are sealed by fermentation 5-10 days.
Step(7)The people that containing sugared fertilizer adds in 200 parts by weight of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer for every 100 parts by weight Fecaluria is sealed by fermentation 5-10 days and obtains;Described is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight containing sugared fertilizer:The useless sugar of 50 parts by weight Honey, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate of 10 parts by weight, the potassium chloride of 15 parts by weight, the chitosan of 8 parts by weight, the glucose of 25 parts by weight, 10 The sodium selenite of the ammonium humate of parts by weight, 6 parts by weight.
Step(9)The fungicide is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:25% carbendazim of 110 parts by weight is wettable 250 times of liquid of property pulvis, 600 times of liquid of wood vinegar of 80 parts by weight, the turpentine oil of 15 parts by weight, 8 parts by weight caryophyllus oil and 13 weights Measure the garlic oil of part.
Pol detects
Example 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 produce obtained each 0.5ml of passion fruit fruit juice respectively, take 2 parts it is different Commercially available each 0.5ml of passion fruit fruit juice is examined at normal temperatures using the digital display saccharometer produced by the graceful electronic instruments of Hangzhou Yi Ke The pol for surveying passion fruit fruit juice is detected, and digital display saccharometer network address is:https://item.taobao.com/ item.htmid=520693300044&ali_refid=a3_420630_1006:1121329150:N:%E7%B3%96%E5% BA%A6%E8%AE%A1:1c0a694d24ac518fb8cb44039720ee8c&ali_trackid=1_ 1c0a694d24ac518fb8cb44039720ee8c&spm=0.0.0.0.fKz6Lk&mt=&ali_refid=a3_420630_ 1006:1121329150:N:%E7%B3%96%E5%BA%A6%E8%AE%A1: 1c0a694d24ac518fb8cb44039720ee8c&ali_trackid=1_ 1c0a694d24ac518fb8cb44039720ee8c&spm=0.0.0.0.fKz6Lk.The application method of digital display saccharometer:It uses Before need to carry out base correction, prism circular hole is dripped into upper pure water during base correction, is cleaned up with soft cloth,(Repeatedly two or three times), 3-5 drops pure water is dripped to prism circular hole, is pinned " Cal " key about 5 seconds, until liquid crystal display shows the printed words of " CS ", is unclamped Button instrument starts to do N Reference Alignment, represents that N Reference Alignment is completed after then showing CF.4. " Eeas " key can be pressed again, observe liquid crystal Whether display screen display data is zero, be zero represent instrument reference correction there is no problem.Finally by embodiment 1,2,3 and commercially available Passion fruit fruit juice instill in groove and be switched on after 2-3 drops, press MEAS and measure key display passion fruit fruit juice pol.It is pol knot below Fruit table.

Claims (5)

1. the implantation methods of passion fruit sugar are improved, including seed selection, selection of land, site preparation, field planting, built, pruning, rich water pipe The step of reason, field management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, it is characterised in that:Be when being formed before flowering with fruit trickle irrigation containing sugared fertilizer Zymotic fluid applies 700-900 kilograms of the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer per acre, by the zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer during application:The weight of water Ratio is 1:3 dilutions;
The zymotic fluid containing sugared fertilizer seals hair for the night soil that 200 parts by weight are added in containing sugared fertilizer of every 100 parts by weight Ferment obtains for 5-10 days;
Described is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight containing sugared fertilizer:The blackstrap of 40-50 parts by weight, the phosphorus of 5-10 parts by weight Acid dihydride potassium, the potassium chloride of 10-15 parts by weight, the chitosan of 5-8 parts by weight, the glucose of 20-25 parts by weight, 6-10 parts by weight Ammonium humate and 3-6 parts by weight sodium selenite.
2. the implantation methods according to claim 1 for improving passion fruit sugar, it is characterised in that:
The seed selection is:" platform agriculture No.1 " passion fruit kind;
The selection of land is:Selection has a good transport service, and rich in organic matter, loosing soil, soil layer is deep, and draining is good, sunny Planting base of the level land as orchard;
The site preparation is:Under the conditions of level land, powder ridge machine powdery ridge site preparation, tilth 40-50cm are used;
The field planting is:Fine day digs planting pit after selecting cloudy day or rain, and specification is 15 centimetres of 15 cm x, 15 cm x;Per cave Deep 10 centimetres wide 25 centimetres of circular groove is dug around outside 20 centimetres of center, uses sufficient base manure, backfill table soil is mixed thoroughly with fertilizer, makes cave native Higher than 10 centimetres of earth's surface, one layer of cubsoil of lid is then returned again;During field planting, nursery stock is carried out by height, size and root system quality first Classification, strong sprout and weak seedling are separately waited to plant, then dig the soil in planting pit and smash to pieces, underlying soil is slightly compressed, and return a small amount of soil, Add water stirring slurry, every one plant of dibbling, just, plant is put into planting pit by root Shu Miao, most one layer of soil that ravels of rear cover;Field planting Initial stage keeps ground moistening, until Survival rate of nursery stock;If summer be colonized, sunlight than it is stronger when, it should be noted that shade moisturizing;
The built is:Fence type built is barricaded as using rod material, line-spacing is 2 meters, and spacing in the rows is 3 meters, takes 100-105 per acre Root rod, frame is 1.8-2 meters high, respectively draws an anti-corrosion steel wire 90 centimetres, 140 centimetres and 200 centimetres of position respectively;
The pruning is:After plant restoration ecosystem, 1 bud is smeared within every 5 days, promote main stem fast-growing, sturdy, and guide main stem Upper built;The raw plant main stem of First Year stays 2 major branches after reaching built steel wire, is stretched along horizontal iron wire, the raw result from major branch Branch, enables the sagging growth of fruitful branch, and leads to lead lateral bine and spirally wind on built and grow, after lateral bine shelfful, top binding of breaking; Fruitful branch covers with fence type built space, and the branch close to trunk first ties full fruit, treats that fruit all maturations of these branches are fallen Afterwards, these branches are trimmed immediately to 2-3 and saved;Fruitful branch, thin and weak branch, sick branch, residual branch after every batch of fruit picking are cut off in time, often A lateral bine stays 3-4 sections to carry out cutting back, promotees it and grows lateral bine again, 2 bud eyes are stayed on branches and tendrils, erase in time under frame face main stem and The lateral bud spray that base portion is sent out, at the same annual summer must prune off and grow overstocked branch, wipe out 20-30 centimeters from the ground Branch, to keep well-ventilated;
The fertilizer and water management is:10-15 days root systems start to grow after field planting, apply first time Liquid Fertilizer in root system surrounding, after It was applied every 35 days once, company applies 3 times, and every plant of 5 kilograms of applying liquid fertilizer induces the growth of root system in root system surrounding every time;After fruit picking Liquid Fertilizer need to be sprayed in time in fruit tree blade face;
The field management is:Young sprout germination period, bud differentiation and the rapid expanding stage of fruit irrigate moisture in time, ensure soil Earth moisture is sufficient;Before bud Physiological Differentiation and the soil conservation of fruit growth later stage is dried, it is impossible to have ponding;It is increased rapidly in fruit To shallow hoe is intertilled after fruit picking 2-3 time before sagging, depth is 5-8 centimetres;Flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhances tree vigo(u)r, cultivates strong tree;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is:Mainly to samping off, mosaic virus, anthracnose, leaf spot, epidemic disease, base rot disease, root The disease of maize ear rot and small trypetid, mite class, scale insect, aphid, plant hopper, bollworm insect pest prevention;It is fragrant using lime prevention hundred Fruitworm does harm to, and uses bactericidal agent for preventing and treating passion fruit disease.
3. the implantation methods according to claim 2 for improving passion fruit sugar, it is characterised in that:The base manure is by following The raw material of weight content is made:25-30% rotted pig manure+15-20% decomposed cow dung+5-7% bone meal+9-11% shines distiller's dried grain+6-8% Blackstrap+1-1.5% trace element+6-10% ammonium sulfate+3-5% calcium superphosphate+12-20% potassium chloride+surplus plant ash.
4. the implantation methods according to claim 2 for improving passion fruit sugar, it is characterised in that:The Liquid Fertilizer is every 100 kilograms of night soils add in 15 kilograms of peanut press pulp water, 2 kilograms of potassium chloride and 4 kilograms of urea and are sealed by fermentation 5-10 days;Wherein Peanut press pulp water is according to peanut press pulp:The weight ratio of water is 1:4 dilute.
5. the implantation methods according to claim 2 for improving passion fruit sugar, it is characterised in that:The fungicide by with The raw material of lower parts by weight is made:25% carbendazol wettable powder, 250 times of liquid of 100-110 parts by weight, 50-80 parts by weight 600 times of liquid of wood vinegar, the turpentine oil of 10-15 parts by weight, the caryophyllus oil of 5-8 parts by weight and 11-13 parts by weight garlic oil.
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CN106993457A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-08-01 贵州省山地资源研究所 A kind of implantation methods of karst mountain area passionflower
CN108617372A (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-10-09 桂阳县菖蒲果蔬种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of navel orange
CN107333610A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-11-10 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich passion fruit
CN107573142A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-12 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of horticultural gardening method of passion fruit
CN107896902A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-13 贵溪市苡可东方农业开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of passionflower maintenance unification
CN107853100A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-30 韦俊超 A kind of implantation methods of high nutrition passion fruit
CN108207514A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-06-29 广东沃享农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high sugariness passion fruit
CN109168847A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-11 贵州黔百农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield interplanting method of passion fruit and sainfoin
CN110398475A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-11-01 湖北新洋丰肥业股份有限公司 A kind of diagnostic method of crop Nutritional Status
CN110326498A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-10-15 广东沃享农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of high sugariness passion fruit
CN110402774A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-11-05 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 A kind of osmanthus south efficient implantation methods of regional passion fruit summer
CN111567334A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-25 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Passion fruit net room cultivation method for preventing and controlling viral disease transmission

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