CN105474922A - Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria - Google Patents

Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105474922A
CN105474922A CN201410476352.4A CN201410476352A CN105474922A CN 105474922 A CN105474922 A CN 105474922A CN 201410476352 A CN201410476352 A CN 201410476352A CN 105474922 A CN105474922 A CN 105474922A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
chinese wistaria
bed
growth
seed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410476352.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苗增春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Chengyi Intellectual Property Service Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Chengyi Intellectual Property Service Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Chengyi Intellectual Property Service Co Ltd filed Critical Qingdao Chengyi Intellectual Property Service Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410476352.4A priority Critical patent/CN105474922A/en
Publication of CN105474922A publication Critical patent/CN105474922A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria, and relates to the technical field of plant cultivation. The technique comprises the following cultivation steps: (1) seed collection and treatment; (2) seeding and seedling-raising; (3) seedling-nursery management and outplanting; (4) cultivation management; (5) tending management; and (6) disease and pest control. The seed-introduction cultivation technique for the Chinese wistaria provided by the invention is scientific, improves survival rate, and increases yield.

Description

A kind of Chinese wistaria introducing and cultivating technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation of plants technology, be specifically related to a kind of Chinese wistaria introducing and cultivating technology.
Background technology
Wistaria pulse family Wistaria, is that a kind of fallen leaves climb up by holding on to prehensile large liane dry hide Dark grey, does not split; Flower purple or darkviolet are very beautiful.Chinese wistaria is warm band and temperate plant, to the strong adaptability of weather and soil, more cold-resistant, can water-fast wet and hungry soil, happiness light, more resistance to the moon.Be distributed widely within Chinese territory, there is higher gardening decorative value and medical value.The Tang Dynasty poet li po once had, and " Chinese wistaria hangs cloud wood, spends climing Yiyang spring.The hidden songbird of heavy foliage, fragrant breeze stream beauty " graceful verse.
Chinese wistaria is warm band and temperate plant, to the strong adaptability of weather and soil, more cold-resistant, can water-fast wet and hungry soil, happiness light, more resistance to the moon.Deep with soil layer, draining is good, the place cultivation optimum of wind sheltering on the sunny side.Main root is dark, and side root is shallow, not resistance to transplanting.Growth is very fast, and the life-span is very long.Winding ability is strong, and it strangles effect to other plant.March buddings, and April contains flower, and every axle has papilionaceous flower 20 ~ 80.All there is wild or cultivation Chinese wistaria various places, and root, seed are used as medicine, and property is sweet, and tepor is slightly poisonous.Bark is containing two classes, and flower is containing volatile oil, and leaf is containing sparteine etc.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Chinese wistaria introducing and cultivating technology, it adopts Cultivation, improves survival rate, adds output.
In order to solve the problem existing for background technology, the present invention cultivates step below adopting:
(1), collect seed and process, the every annual bearing of Chinese wistaria once, concentrates on autumn and winter, the container splendid attire of the fruit good air permeability after collection, should note avoiding direct sunlight, and is placed on moist shady and cool place as far as possible;
(2), seeding and seedling raising, (a). vernalization, Chinese wistaria seed sclerotin, tough and tensile, germinate difficult and irregular, therefore must carry out vernalization process, improve germination rate; (b). seedbed prepares, and usually utilizes husky bed as seedbed.In general, husky bed is above the ground level 25 ~ 30 centimetres, bedside 0.8 ~ 1.0 meter, length is not limit, bed is around with brick, the bed end, is rebasing with the cobble of 2 ~ 4 centimetres, thickness about 10 centimetres, pave with rough sand again, be limited to lose cobble, then husky bed is filled with the thin river sand not containing mud, Shamian Island is a little less than 3 ~ 4 centimetres, bed pond, in place with good conditionsi, the vermiculite of 20% ~ 25% is preferably added by the volume of sand, mix with sand, to improve the water retention capacity of husky bed, in order to prevent heavy rain or heavy rain to the impact of husky bed, ensure the sprouting condition of seed, preferably set up one slightly wider than the rain shade of husky bed, husky bed sterilization is carried out before each sowing, the formalin of conventional 0.2% is sprayed on Shamian Island, plastic film covering 3 ~ 4 days are used after stirring, then film is removed, leveling bed surface, in order to sowing, (c). seedbed management,
(3), nursery bed management and go out garden, (a). nursery daily management, to water and weeding, monthly coordinates and sprays twice foliage fertilizer, 1000 times of composite fertilizers; (b). outplanting specification, the size of rattan seedling directly affects the effect of afforestation, and general cultivation reaches 20-35 centimetre in 10-12 month can go out garden; (c). lifting and hardening, the lifting of container seedling is more much easier than bareroot seedling, but must check before lifting whether seedling root is worn bag and penetrated seedbed, if meet this situation, must to cut off after root system with hoe or shovel during lifting can lifting, meanwhile, within 1 ~ 2 day before lifting, should stop watering, in order to avoid cause Nutrition Soil to scatter in lifting and transportation, cause half bareroot seedling state; (d). transport, according to planting scale and the condition of planting site, can adopt diverse ways to transport nursery stock;
(4), cultivation management, (a). forest land is selected, construction Chinese wistaria woods should in the area should planting Chinese wistaria, selection fertile soil, thicker soil, moisture condition are good, the plot of the gradient below 25 degree, rattan forest land can be selected natural forest, and sylvan life has the plot of certain shade rate, preferably selects soil organic matter content high, moistening, be advisable in the middle and lower part, hillside that soil layer is thick; (b). field planting cultivation management;
(5), tending management, (a). after-culture, seedling growth about three months carries out survival rate investigation, finds the after-culture immediately of dead seedling, the first three years also want continuous after-culture, ensure that last survival rate is more than 95%; (b). weeding, the first three years after Chinese wistaria afforestation, according to the vigorous degree of weed growth, annual at least guarantee cuts filling removal of impurities once, has the environment of growth fast to seedling, and weeding is carried out with ring-type or banded two kinds of modes, the nursery stock that clump is planted, weeds around nursery stock within the scope of 1 rice diameter all will be disposed, strip cropping, and the place wide in plantation 1 meter, row both sides is cleared up; (c). dredge hat, rattan seed plant after 2 years dredge hat once every year, ensure that sylvan life has the illuminating area of 50%, allow rattan seedling grow fast; (d). ridging, soil around nursery stock is dug pine and earth up in rhizome portion to seedling, the good growth of guarantee nursery stock; (e). fertilising, fertilising within 3 years, carries out afforestation, and after this fertilizer is little to the growth effect of seedling, and at First Year and Second Year, Chinese wistaria seedling is better to the reaction of nitrogenous fertilizer, and application of potash fertilizer is to promoting that the developmental capacity of Chinese wistaria stem is good; (f). lodge, Chinese wistaria woods, after canebrake starts to put forth, will note using artificial lodge, rattan seedling in climbing up by holding on to is ridden against on the bar of contiguous spanning tree or top bifurcated, make it up climb up by holding on to, sometimes may need to insert a rod on nursery stock side and be beneficial to support shoot, the canebrake of putting forth can be kept upright growth;
(6), the extermination of disease and insect pest, (a). disease control, withered spot disease is people's kudo woods Common Diseases, young growth height of seedling 2 ~ 4 meters is caused harm seriously, and the incidence of disease is 15% ~ 20%, and prophylactico-therapeutic measures is in the serious place of indivedual morbidity, can suitably remove disease leaf, execute spray 50% thiophanate methyl 500 times of liquid to prevent and treat, once in a week, use 2 ~ 3 times continuously.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: it adopts Cultivation, improves survival rate, adds output.
Embodiment
This embodiment cultivates step below adopting:
(1), collect seed and process, the every annual bearing of Chinese wistaria once, concentrates on autumn and winter, the container splendid attire of the fruit good air permeability after collection, should note avoiding direct sunlight, and is placed on moist shady and cool place as far as possible;
(2), seeding and seedling raising, (a). vernalization, Chinese wistaria seed sclerotin, tough and tensile, germinate difficult and irregular, therefore must carry out vernalization process, improve germination rate; (b). seedbed prepares, and usually utilizes husky bed as seedbed.In general, husky bed is above the ground level 25 ~ 30 centimetres, bedside 0.8 ~ 1.0 meter, length is not limit, bed is around with brick, the bed end, is rebasing with the cobble of 2 ~ 4 centimetres, thickness about 10 centimetres, pave with rough sand again, be limited to lose cobble, then husky bed is filled with the thin river sand not containing mud, Shamian Island is a little less than 3 ~ 4 centimetres, bed pond, in place with good conditionsi, the vermiculite of 20% ~ 25% is preferably added by the volume of sand, mix with sand, to improve the water retention capacity of husky bed, in order to prevent heavy rain or heavy rain to the impact of husky bed, ensure the sprouting condition of seed, preferably set up one slightly wider than the rain shade of husky bed, husky bed sterilization is carried out before each sowing, the formalin of conventional 0.2% is sprayed on Shamian Island, plastic film covering 3 ~ 4 days are used after stirring, then film is removed, leveling bed surface, in order to sowing, (c). seedbed management,
(3), nursery bed management and go out garden, (a). nursery daily management, to water and weeding, monthly coordinates and sprays twice foliage fertilizer, 1000 times of composite fertilizers; (b). outplanting specification, the size of rattan seedling directly affects the effect of afforestation, and general cultivation reaches 20-35 centimetre in 10-12 month can go out garden; (c). lifting and hardening, the lifting of container seedling is more much easier than bareroot seedling, but must check before lifting whether seedling root is worn bag and penetrated seedbed, if meet this situation, must to cut off after root system with hoe or shovel during lifting can lifting, meanwhile, within 1 ~ 2 day before lifting, should stop watering, in order to avoid cause Nutrition Soil to scatter in lifting and transportation, cause half bareroot seedling state; (d). transport, according to planting scale and the condition of planting site, can adopt diverse ways to transport nursery stock;
(4), cultivation management, (a). forest land is selected, construction Chinese wistaria woods should in the area should planting Chinese wistaria, selection fertile soil, thicker soil, moisture condition are good, the plot of the gradient below 25 degree, rattan forest land can be selected natural forest, and sylvan life has the plot of certain shade rate, preferably selects soil organic matter content high, moistening, be advisable in the middle and lower part, hillside that soil layer is thick; (b). field planting cultivation management;
(5), tending management, (a). after-culture, seedling growth about three months carries out survival rate investigation, finds the after-culture immediately of dead seedling, the first three years also want continuous after-culture, ensure that last survival rate is more than 95%; (b). weeding, the first three years after Chinese wistaria afforestation, according to the vigorous degree of weed growth, annual at least guarantee cuts filling removal of impurities once, has the environment of growth fast to seedling, and weeding is carried out with ring-type or banded two kinds of modes, the nursery stock that clump is planted, weeds around nursery stock within the scope of 1 rice diameter all will be disposed, strip cropping, and the place wide in plantation 1 meter, row both sides is cleared up; (c). dredge hat, rattan seed plant after 2 years dredge hat once every year, ensure that sylvan life has the illuminating area of 50%, allow rattan seedling grow fast; (d). ridging, soil around nursery stock is dug pine and earth up in rhizome portion to seedling, the good growth of guarantee nursery stock; (e). fertilising, fertilising within 3 years, carries out afforestation, and after this fertilizer is little to the growth effect of seedling, and at First Year and Second Year, Chinese wistaria seedling is better to the reaction of nitrogenous fertilizer, and application of potash fertilizer is to promoting that the developmental capacity of Chinese wistaria stem is good; (f). lodge, Chinese wistaria woods, after canebrake starts to put forth, will note using artificial lodge, rattan seedling in climbing up by holding on to is ridden against on the bar of contiguous spanning tree or top bifurcated, make it up climb up by holding on to, sometimes may need to insert a rod on nursery stock side and be beneficial to support shoot, the canebrake of putting forth can be kept upright growth;
(6), the extermination of disease and insect pest, (a). disease control, withered spot disease is people's kudo woods Common Diseases, young growth height of seedling 2 ~ 4 meters is caused harm seriously, and the incidence of disease is 15% ~ 20%, and prophylactico-therapeutic measures is in the serious place of indivedual morbidity, can suitably remove disease leaf, execute spray 50% thiophanate methyl 500 times of liquid to prevent and treat, once in a week, use 2 ~ 3 times continuously.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: it adopts Cultivation, improves survival rate, adds output.This embodiment adopts Cultivation, improves survival rate, adds output.

Claims (2)

1. a Chinese wistaria introducing and cultivating technology, is characterized in that its cultivation step is:
(1), collect seed and process, the every annual bearing of Chinese wistaria once, concentrates on autumn and winter, the container splendid attire of the fruit good air permeability after collection, should note avoiding direct sunlight, and is placed on moist shady and cool place as far as possible;
, seeding and seedling raising, (a). vernalization, Chinese wistaria seed sclerotin, tough and tensile, germinate difficult and irregular, therefore must carry out vernalization process, improve germination rate; (b). seedbed prepares, and usually utilizes husky bed as seedbed.
2. in general, husky bed is above the ground level 25 ~ 30 centimetres, bedside 0.8 ~ 1.0 meter, length is not limit, bed is around with brick, the bed end, is rebasing with the cobble of 2 ~ 4 centimetres, thickness about 10 centimetres, pave with rough sand again, be limited to lose cobble, then husky bed is filled with the thin river sand not containing mud, Shamian Island is a little less than 3 ~ 4 centimetres, bed pond, in place with good conditionsi, the vermiculite of 20% ~ 25% is preferably added by the volume of sand, mix with sand, to improve the water retention capacity of husky bed, in order to prevent heavy rain or heavy rain to the impact of husky bed, ensure the sprouting condition of seed, preferably set up one slightly wider than the rain shade of husky bed, husky bed sterilization is carried out before each sowing, the formalin of conventional 0.2% is sprayed on Shamian Island, plastic film covering 3 ~ 4 days are used after stirring, then film is removed, leveling bed surface, in order to sowing, (c). seedbed management,
, nursery bed management and go out garden, (a). nursery daily management, to water and weeding, monthly coordinates and sprays twice foliage fertilizer, 1000 times of composite fertilizers; (b). outplanting specification, the size of rattan seedling directly affects the effect of afforestation, and general cultivation reaches 20-35 centimetre in 10-12 month can go out garden; (c). lifting and hardening, the lifting of container seedling is more much easier than bareroot seedling, but must check before lifting whether seedling root is worn bag and penetrated seedbed, if meet this situation, must to cut off after root system with hoe or shovel during lifting can lifting, meanwhile, within 1 ~ 2 day before lifting, should stop watering, in order to avoid cause Nutrition Soil to scatter in lifting and transportation, cause half bareroot seedling state; (d). transport, according to planting scale and the condition of planting site, can adopt diverse ways to transport nursery stock;
, cultivation management, (a). forest land is selected, construction Chinese wistaria woods should in the area should planting Chinese wistaria, selection fertile soil, thicker soil, moisture condition are good, the plot of the gradient below 25 degree, rattan forest land can be selected natural forest, and sylvan life has the plot of certain shade rate, preferably selects soil organic matter content high, moistening, be advisable in the middle and lower part, hillside that soil layer is thick; (b). field planting cultivation management;
, tending management, (a). after-culture, seedling growth about three months carries out survival rate investigation, finds the after-culture immediately of dead seedling, the first three years also want continuous after-culture, ensure that last survival rate is more than 95%; (b). weeding, the first three years after Chinese wistaria afforestation, according to the vigorous degree of weed growth, annual at least guarantee cuts filling removal of impurities once, has the environment of growth fast to seedling, and weeding is carried out with ring-type or banded two kinds of modes, the nursery stock that clump is planted, weeds around nursery stock within the scope of 1 rice diameter all will be disposed, strip cropping, and the place wide in plantation 1 meter, row both sides is cleared up; (c). dredge hat, rattan seed plant after 2 years dredge hat once every year, ensure that sylvan life has the illuminating area of 50%, allow rattan seedling grow fast; (d). ridging, soil around nursery stock is dug pine and earth up in rhizome portion to seedling, the good growth of guarantee nursery stock; (e). fertilising, fertilising within 3 years, carries out afforestation, and after this fertilizer is little to the growth effect of seedling, and at First Year and Second Year, Chinese wistaria seedling is better to the reaction of nitrogenous fertilizer, and application of potash fertilizer is to promoting that the developmental capacity of Chinese wistaria stem is good; (f). lodge, Chinese wistaria woods, after canebrake starts to put forth, will note using artificial lodge, rattan seedling in climbing up by holding on to is ridden against on the bar of contiguous spanning tree or top bifurcated, make it up climb up by holding on to, sometimes may need to insert a rod on nursery stock side and be beneficial to support shoot, the canebrake of putting forth can be kept upright growth; , the extermination of disease and insect pest, (a). disease control, withered spot disease is people's kudo woods Common Diseases, young growth height of seedling 2 ~ 4 meters is caused harm seriously, and the incidence of disease is 15% ~ 20%, and prophylactico-therapeutic measures is in the serious place of indivedual morbidity, can suitably remove disease leaf, execute spray 50% thiophanate methyl 500 times of liquid to prevent and treat, once in a week, use 2 ~ 3 times continuously.
CN201410476352.4A 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria Pending CN105474922A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410476352.4A CN105474922A (en) 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410476352.4A CN105474922A (en) 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105474922A true CN105474922A (en) 2016-04-13

Family

ID=55662508

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410476352.4A Pending CN105474922A (en) 2014-09-18 2014-09-18 Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105474922A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105937A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 安徽鸿基农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Caulis wisteriae sinensis
CN109417981A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 云南吉成园林科技股份有限公司 The artificial direct seeding forestation method of malania oleifera

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105937A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 安徽鸿基农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Caulis wisteriae sinensis
CN109417981A (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-03-05 云南吉成园林科技股份有限公司 The artificial direct seeding forestation method of malania oleifera

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102293106B (en) Method for cultivating hardy eucalyptus forests suitable for climates at north latitude of 26-30 degrees
CN104272937A (en) Cultivation method for camphor trees
CN105340680A (en) Ecological apple planting method
CN103392472A (en) Method for planting panax notoginseng under forest
CN106358651A (en) Kudzu-vine root planting method
CN105532237A (en) Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN107242010A (en) A kind of cultural method of Paris polyphylla high yield high-quality
CN102726268A (en) Cultivation process for organic pomegranate
CN107182683B (en) Southern warm-wetness region mountainous region sweet cherry protects leaf and promotees fruit integrated approach
WO2012046601A1 (en) Panax ginseng c.a.mey. cultivation method
CN103907457B (en) Chinese yam convenient type cultivation technique
CN105359912A (en) Camphor tree cultivating method
CN107318557A (en) A kind of plantation method of late-maturing citrus
CN103125248B (en) Cultivation method of organic ginseng
CN106386087A (en) Field planting method for spatholobus stem
CN105474922A (en) Seed-introduction cultivation technique for Chinese wistaria
CN105340682A (en) Drought-resisting cultivation method for grapes
RU2423819C1 (en) Method to efficiently grow colorado spruce (picea pungens engelm)
CN105746281A (en) Oriental cherry culturing technique
CN103380681A (en) Dregea volubilis introduction and cultivation technology
Rahemi et al. Rainfed almond orchards in Iran, ancient and new methods and the value of water harvesting techniques
CN109757282A (en) A kind of high bar method for cultivating seedlings of acer monoes
CN109220500A (en) A kind of tea tree high-yield cultivation method
CN104025829A (en) Planting and cultivating method for pinus sylvestris
CN107409677A (en) The method for culturing seedlings and cultural method of a kind of rosemary

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160413