CN105466374A - Force-controllable size measurement device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Force-controllable size measurement device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105466374A
CN105466374A CN 201610066597 CN201610066597A CN105466374A CN 105466374 A CN105466374 A CN 105466374A CN 201610066597 CN201610066597 CN 201610066597 CN 201610066597 A CN201610066597 A CN 201610066597A CN 105466374 A CN105466374 A CN 105466374A
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measuring
force
controller
moving body
drive motor
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CN 201610066597
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105466374B (en )
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林书禹
张辉雄
张祚
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广州翔天智能科技有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/02Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness
    • G01B21/04Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness by measuring coordinates of points
    • G01B21/045Correction of measurements

Abstract

The invention relates to a force-controllable size measurement device and belongs to the technical field of mechanical and electronic integration and sensing measurement. The force-controllable size measurement device comprises a base, a direct-drive motor, a moving body, a measurement head, a zero-position sensor, a sensing element, a measuring scale, a displacement sensor, a driver and a controller. The moving body is fixed to the direct-drive motor. The direct-drive motor pushing the moving body to linearly move is fixed to the base. The measurement head is fixed to the moving body. The sensing element is arranged on the moving body. The zero-position sensor is arranged in the forwarding direction of the moving body. The measuring scale is arranged on the moving body. The displacement sensor used for acquiring data of the measuring scale is located on one side of the moving body. The controller, the zero-position sensor and the displacement sensor are all electrically connected with the driver. The invention further relates to a using method of the force-controllable size measurement device. The device can be used for measuring the external dimension of an object at a certain measurement force.

Description

一种可控力的尺寸测量装置及其使用方法 A controlled force dimension measuring device and method of use

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及机电一体化及传感测量的技术领域,尤其涉及一种可控力的尺寸测量装置及其使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mechatronics and sensor measurements, in particular, relates to a controlled force dimension measuring device and method of use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,市场上的竞争越来越大,各行业都走精益求精的路,对于产品质量的要求越来越高,其中对于尺寸精度也提出了更高的要求。 [0002] Currently, competition in the market is growing, the industry will take the road of excellence for product quality have become increasingly demanding, which dimensional accuracy also put forward higher requirements. 在进行产品外尺寸测量时,人们使用的传统传感器一般是在光栅尺或者磁栅尺里面封装一个弹簧,用户使用时搭配一个汽缸推动,接触到被测物体表面,得到一个测量值。 Measuring the size of the outer product making, people use traditional sensors are generally encapsulated in a spring scale or magnetic scale which, with a user pushes the cylinder, contacting the object surface to obtain a measurement value. 对于一些并非完全刚性的产品尺寸,测量时压在物体表面的力不同,测出来的尺寸会有误差。 For some dimensions are not completely rigid, the force measuring different pressure surface of the object, the size will be measured out error. 比如电池产品需要安装在设备中使用,所以外形尺寸必须要在某个合格范围之内才行。 For example, batteries need to be installed in the machine, external dimensions must be qualified for the job within a certain range. 在产品质量检测时,必须对其长宽高进行测量,分拣尺寸不符的产品。 When product quality testing, must be measured its length and breadth, sorting does not match the size of the product. 但电池一般都是软包装,表面硬度并不大,如果采用汽缸,当气压变化时,推力就会变化,测试出来的数据就不准确了。 However, batteries are generally flexible, the surface hardness is not large, if the cylinder, when the pressure change, the thrust will change, the test data out is not accurate. 实际生产中,很多塑料、橡胶等软材料的零件产品均会遇到这个问题。 The actual production, a lot of soft material such as plastic, rubber and other parts products will encounter this problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]针对现有技术中存在的技术问题,本发明的目的是:提供一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,该装置可以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸; [0003] For technical problems present in the prior art, an object of the present invention are: to provide a controlled force dimension measuring apparatus which can measure the measuring force constant outer dimension object to be measured;

[0004]本发明的另一目的是提供一种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法。 [0004] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method to use a size controlled force measuring device.

[0005]为了达到上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0006] —种可控力的尺寸测量装置,包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、驱动器和控制器; [0006] - species controllable force dimension measuring device, comprising a base, a direct drive motor, a moving subject, measuring head, the origin sensor, the sensing element, measuring tape, a displacement sensor, a controller and driver;

[0007] 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上; A moving body according to [0007] the direct drive motor is fixed, a linear motion body movement promoting direct drive motor fixed to the base, a measuring head fixed to the movable body;

[0008]所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上; [0008] The sensing element is provided on the moving body, the zero position sensor is arranged in the forward direction of the moving body;

[0009]所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧; Measuring scale according to [0009] provided on the moving body, a displacement sensor for acquiring the measurement data of the scale at one side of the moving body, and said displacement sensor measuring scale on the same side of the moving body;

[0010] 所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 [0010] the controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are electrically connected to a driver.

[0011]向控制器输入一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U。 [0011] Input data to the controller a measured force F, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the linear motion body movement, movement of the moving body driven by the movement of the measuring head, so that the final measurements measuring force F head is placed against the plane of the object, the displacement sensor of the position data of the acquired measuring scale is transmitted through the drive to the controller, the controller processing to obtain the size value U. 将物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,最终控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式LzLs-U得出被测物体的尺寸。 The object is placed on a plane, the data controller again the same measuring force F is input, the controller processes to obtain the final dimension value L2, the size of the object is obtained by the formula LzLs-U. 感应元件和零位传感器的设置可以确保测量的一致性。 Sensing element and the zero position sensor is provided to ensure consistency of measurement.

[0012]进一步的是:可控力的尺寸测量装置还包括导轨和滑块,所述的导轨固定在基座的平台上,所述的滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 [0012] Further is: controllable force dimension measuring device further comprises a guide rail and a slider, the guide rail is fixed on the base platform, said slider slidably mounted on the rail, the moving body fixed on the slider. 直驱电机驱动移动主体线性运动时,带动滑块在导轨上移动。 When the direct drive motor driving the moving body linear motion to drive the movement of the slider on the guide rail.

[0013]进一步的是:移动主体上设有安装块,所述的测量尺安装在安装块上;所述的测量尺位于移动主体的左侧,所述的位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 [0013] Further is: a mounting block on a mobile body, said measuring scale is mounted on the mounting block; measurement scale on the left side of the moving body, a displacement sensor located in the measurement of the left foot.

[0014]进一步的是:感应元件设置在移动主体的右侧上,所述的零位传感器位于移动主体的右侧。 [0014] Further is: an inductive element disposed on the right side of the moving body, the movement of the right side of the origin sensor body.

[0015]进一步的是:直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的定子固定在基座上,所述的移动主动固定在直线运动的动子上。 [0015] Further are: direct drive motor comprises a stator and a mover, a stator fixed on the base, the active movement of the mover is fixed to the linear motion.

[0016]进一步的是:移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,所述的第二纵块固定在直驱电机上,所述的感应元件固定在第二横块的右侧,所述的测量尺设置在第二横块的左侧,所述的测量头固定在第二横块的前侧。 [0016] Further is: the moving body comprises a second longitudinal cross-block and a second block is integrally formed, said second block is fixed in the longitudinal direct drive motor, said second sensing element is fixed in the right lateral block side, said measuring scale provided on the left second lateral block, the measuring head is fixed on the front side of the second lateral blocks.

[0017]进一步的是:可控力的尺寸测量装置还包括机壳,所述的零位传感器固定在机壳的右侧,所述的位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,所述机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺 [0017] Further is: controllable force dimension measuring device further comprises a housing, a zero position sensor is fixed on the right side of the cabinet, the displacement sensor is fixed on the left side of the housing, the housing the lack of a front end thereof through which the measuring head

□ ο □ ο

[0018]进一步的是:测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 [0018] Further is: dipstick as magnetic scale or grating, the displacement sensor corresponding to a magnetic sensor or a grid grating sensor.

[0019] —种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,包括如下的测量步骤: [0019] - methods using a controlled size force measuring device, the measuring step comprises:

[0020] (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U; [0020] (1) Measurement of nominal positions: the input data to the controller of the measuring force F, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the linear motion moving body, the moving body driven motion moving the measuring head, the measuring head is eventually measuring force F is placed against the plane of the object, the displacement sensor of the position data of the acquired measuring scale is transmitted through the drive to the controller, the value of U is obtained after the size of the controller processing;

[0021] (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-L^出被测物体的尺寸。 [0021] (2) measuring the dimensions of the object: the object to be measured is placed on a plane, the data controller again the same measuring force F is input, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor drive linear motion moving body, the moving body movement measuring head driven movement, and finally to the measuring head for measuring a force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the displacement sensor of the position data acquired measuring scale is transmitted through the drive to the controller, the controller dimension value L2 is obtained after the treatment by the formula L = L2-L ^ size of an object to be measured.

[0022]第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变或测量头的重量发生变化时,该使用方法还包括如下的力校准步骤: [0022] The first use of the device, the mounting position of the component within the apparatus is changed, the direction of the installation parts in the apparatus changes or a change in the weight of the measuring head, the method further comprising the use of a force calibration Procedure:

[0023] (1)获取数值&和11:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值FdP直驱电机上的电流值11; [0023] (1) and obtain the value & 11: the controller enters power calibration, the controller randomly generating a current signal, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output of Ii, the drive motor receives direct current to drive the moving body motion Ιι , motion of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the tester recorded the force at this time the value of the current value FdP direct drive motor 11;

[0024] (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值12; [0024] (2) 12 and acquires the values: after re-entering the power calibration controller, the controller generates another current random signal, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output 12, receives direct-drive current of the motor 12 to drive the mobile body movement, movement of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the tester recorded the force at this time the value of the current value F4P direct drive motor 12 on;

[0025] (3)计算测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 [0025] (3) calculating a linear relationship between current I and the measuring force F direct drive motor: the value obtained by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I drawn on the measuring force F and the direct drive motor relationship.

[0026]总的说来,本发明具有如下优点: [0026] In general, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0027] 1.本发明的装置可以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸。 Means [0027] 1. The present invention can measure the measuring force constant outer dimension of the object to be measured.

[0028] 2.本发明的装置可保证每次测量的一致性,测量的准确性高。 Means [0028] 2. The present invention can ensure the consistency of each measurement, high measurement accuracy.

[0029] 3.本发明的装置适用性强,能在不同环境下进行测量。 [0029] 3. The apparatus of applicability of the present invention is strong, it can be measured in different environments.

[0030] 4.本发明可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法可实现以一定的测量力测量测物体的外尺寸。 Use [0030] 4. The present invention is a size controllable force measuring device may be implemented with a certain outer dimension measuring force of the measurement object to be measured.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0031]图1是本发明第一方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳。 [0031] FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention a first direction, the housing is not shown.

[0032]图2是本发明第二方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳。 [0032] FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention, a second direction, the housing is not shown.

[0033]图3是本发明第三方向立体图的结构示意图,未画出机壳、移动主体和固定在移动主体上的部件。 [0033] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention in a third direction, the housing is not shown, the mobile body and fixed to the movable body member.

[0034]图4是本发明的俯视图,未画出机壳。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the invention, the housing is not shown.

[0035]图5是本发明的主视图,未画出机壳。 [0035] FIG. 5 is a front view of the invention, the housing is not shown.

[0036]图6是本发明第四方向立体图的结构示意图,已画出机壳,未画出上盖板。 [0036] FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a fourth direction to the present invention, the housing has been drawn, not shown on the cover.

[0037]图7是本发明标定测量的位置时的原理图。 [0037] FIG. 7 is a nominal position of the measurement principles of the present invention, FIG.

[0038]图8是本发明测量物体的尺寸时的原理图。 [0038] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the present invention is to measure the size of the object.

[0039] 其中,1为基座,1-1为第一纵块,1-2为第一横块,2为移动主体,2-1为第二纵块,2-2为第二横块,3为测量头,3-1为第三纵块,3-2为第三横块,4为直驱电机,4-1为定子,4_2为动子,5为光电对管,6为遮光片,7为安装块,8为位移传感器,9为滑块,10为导轨,11为测量尺,12为机壳,12-1为前挡块,12-2为右盖板,12-3为左盖板,13为被测物体,14为平面。 [0039] wherein 1 is a base, a first vertical block 1-1, 1-2 is a first cross-block, 2 is a mobile body, a second vertical block 2-1, 2-2 is a second cross-piece , is a measuring head 3, a third vertical blocks 3-1, 3-2 is a third cross-piece, for the direct drive motor 4, 4-1 of the stator, the mover is 4_2, for the photoelectric tube 5, 6 is a light-shielding sheet, 7 is a mounting block, the displacement sensor 8, the slider 9, the guide rail 10, 11 is a measuring tape, which is a housing 12, a front stopper 12-1, 12-2 for the right cover, 12-3 the left cover 13 of the measured object 14 is plane.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0040]下面将结合附图和具体实施方式来对本发明做进一步详细的说明。 [0040] The following with reference to specific embodiments and further detailed description of the present invention.

[0041]下文所说的上下前后方向与图5的上下右左方向一致,所说的左右方向与图4的下上方向一致。 Consistent with the vertical direction of right and left [0041] Hereinafter said longitudinal vertical direction in FIG. 5, in the same direction on the lower of said left-right direction in FIG. 4.

[0042]结合图1和图2所示,一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、机壳、导轨、滑块、驱动器和控制器。 [0042] and shown in conjunction with FIGS., The size of a controlled force measuring device of FIG. 21, comprises a base, a direct drive motor, a moving subject, measuring head, the origin sensor, the sensing element, measuring tape, a displacement sensor unit housing, rails, sliders, drives and controllers. 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上;所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上;所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧;所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 The moving body is fixed to the direct drive motor, a linear motion body movement promoting direct drive motor fixed to the base, the measuring head is fixed to the movable body; said sensing element is provided on the moving body, the zero said sensors disposed in the forward direction of the moving body; measuring scale disposed on said mobile body, the side displacement sensor for acquiring data foot moving body is located, the measuring scale and the displacement sensors located the same side of the moving body; said controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are electrically connected to a driver.

[0043]下面对该装置的技术方案进行更详细的说明: [0043] The following aspect of the device will be described in more detail:

[0044]结合图1、图3、图5所示,基座包括一体形成的第一纵块和第一横块,第一横块当作基座的平台使用。 [0044] in conjunction with FIG. 1, FIG. 3, FIG. 5, the base block including a first longitudinal and the first transverse integrally formed block, the first block as a cross-platform base. 直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的动子是直线运动型的,定子固定在第一纵块的端面上。 Direct drive motor comprises a stator and a mover, said mover is a linear movement type, a stator fixed to a first longitudinal end face of the block. 导轨固定在基座的平台上,滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 Rail to the platform base, a slider slidably mounted on the rail, the moving body is fixed to the slider.

[0045]结合图1所示,移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,第二纵块固定在直驱电机的动子上,第二横块和滑块通过螺栓连接的方式固定,也可以采用其他方式将第二横块固定在滑块上。 [0045] in conjunction with FIG. 1, the mobile body is integrally formed including a second longitudinal cross-block and a second block, the second block is fixed in the longitudinal direct drive motor mover, and a second slide block connected by transverse bolts securing means may be a second cross-piece fixed to the slider by other means. 第二横块的前部份设有凹槽,测量头包括一体形成的第三横块和第三纵块,第三横块固定在第二横块的凹槽上,第三横块的长度大于第三纵块的长度。 The second part of the front cross-piece is provided with a groove, the measuring head includes a third block and a third vertical cross-piece integrally formed on the third cross-piece fixed to the second transverse groove block, the block length of the third lateral is greater than the longitudinal length of the third block. 移动主体的第二横块上设有安装块,安装块包括竖直块和水平块,水平块与竖直块一体形成,竖直块位于移动主体的左侧,如图4所示,测量尺安装在竖直块的左端面上,测量尺比较薄,在图4上用一条线表示;竖直块上设有腰形的通孔,通过该腰形的通孔,可将安装块固定在移动主体的左右方向上的不同位置上。 A second mounting block is provided on the cross-piece moving body, the mounting block includes a vertical and a horizontal block block block horizontal block integrally formed with the vertical, the vertical movement of the block on the left side of the body, as shown in FIG. 4, measuring scale mounted on the vertical left end face of the block, measuring scale is thin, on the line indicated by FIG. 4; provided with waist-shaped through hole in the vertical block by the kidney-shaped through hole can be fixed to the mounting block right and left direction of the moving body in the different positions. 位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 Measuring a displacement sensor located in the left foot. 所述的测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 The measurement of magnetic scale or scale grating, the displacement sensor corresponding to a magnetic sensor or a grid grating sensor. 所述的感应元件设置在第二横块的右端面上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上,当移动主体向前运动到零位传感器时,零位传感器感应到感应元件的位置,零位传感器将信号传输给驱动器,驱动器再发送该信号给控制器,控制器存储此时感应元件的位置信息,并记为绝对零位。 The sensing element is disposed on the right lateral surface of the second block, the zero position sensor is arranged in the forward direction of the moving body when the moving body is moved forward to the zero position sensor, a sensor senses the zero position to the inductive element position, zero position sensor transmits a signal to the driver, the driver then transmits the signal to the controller, the controller stores the location information at this time the sensing element, and referred to as absolute zero. 所述的感应元件为遮光片、磁铁件、金属件等,所述的零位传感器为相应的光电对管、霍尔传感器、金属接近开关等。 The sensing element is a light shielding plate, the magnet parts, metal parts, etc., the zero position of the corresponding photoelectric sensor tube, a Hall sensor, a metal proximity switch. 本文的感应元件以遮光片为例,零位传感器以光电对管为例进行说明。 Inductive elements described herein to the light shielding film, for example, to zero on the photoelectric sensor as an example. 遮光片固定在第二横块的右端面上,光电对管设有相对布置的发射管和接收管,发射管和接收管形成一开口,移动主体运动时,遮光片的上端穿过该开口。 A second light shielding plate fixed to the right end of the lateral face of the block, is provided on the photoelectric launch tube and disposed opposite receiver, transmitting and receiving tubes form a tube opening, moving the mobile body, the upper end of the light-shielding sheet through the opening.

[0046]结合图6所示,该装置的机壳用于保护内部的零部件,光电对管固定在机壳的右侧,位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺口。 [0046] in conjunction with FIG. 6, the housing means for protection of its internal components, to the right photo, a displacement sensor fixed to the casing tube is fixed on the left side of the housing, the front end of the housing is provided for measuring the head gap therethrough. 该机壳包括左盖板、右盖板、上盖板和前挡块,上盖板未画出;前挡块固定在基座的前端面上,前挡块上设有用于测量头穿过的缺口;右盖板固定在基座和前挡块的右端面上,光电对管固定在右盖板上;左盖板固定在基座和前挡块的左端面上,位移传感器固定在左盖板上;上盖板设置在基座的上端。 The housing includes a left cover, right cover, the cover and the front stopper, the cover is not shown; the first stop fixed to a distal surface of the base, the front stopper is provided with a measuring head through gap; right cover is fixed to a right end surface of the base and the front stopper, fixed on the photoelectric cover on the right; the left end surface of the left cover fixed to the base and the front stopper, the displacement sensor fixed to the left the cover plate; upper cover provided at the upper end of the base.

[0047] 该装置还设有相应的驱动器和控制器,驱动器和控制器属于现有技术,驱动器为直驱电机的伺服驱动器,驱动器由三层闭环控制,包括速度环、位置环、和电流环。 [0047] The apparatus is also provided with respective drive and controller, drives and controllers belong to the prior art, the drive is a direct drive servo drive motor, the drive closed loop control consists of three layers, comprising a speed loop, position loop, and current loop . 控制器、位移传感器、光电对管均与驱动器电连接,控制器可以向驱动器传输信号,驱动器也可以向控制器传输信号,驱动器接收控制器、位移传感器和光电对管的信号后驱动直驱电机工作。 Controller, a displacement sensor, photoelectric tubes are connected to the driver circuit, the controller may be receiving controller to control the transmission signal, the drive to the drive transmission signal, the driver, the signal displacement sensor and a photoelectric tube drive direct drive motor jobs.

[0048]下面对该装置的使用情况和使用方法进行详细的说明: [0048] Next, the usage of the apparatus and methods of use described in detail:

[0049]直驱电机的动子推动移动主体沿着导轨做直线运动,当固定在移动主体上的遮光片穿过光电对管的开口处时,即遮光片阻挡住光电对管的发射管和接收管的信号传递时,光电对管感应到遮光片的位置,光电对管将信号传输给驱动器,驱动器再发送该信号给控制器,控制器存储此时遮光片的位置信息,并记为绝对零位。 When [0049] The direct drive motor mover moving body driven linear motion along the guide rail, when the light shielding plate fixed to the movable body through the opening on the photoelectric, i.e., the light shielding sheet blocking the launch tube and stay on the photoelectric receiving a signal transmission tube, a photoelectric tube sensor to a position of the light-shielding sheet, on the photoelectric transmits a signal to the driver, and then transmits the drive signal position information to the controller, the controller stores at this time the light-shielding sheet, and referred to as an absolute zero. 每次断电后,该装置仍能找到绝对零位,从而确保测量的一致性。 After each power failure, the device can still find absolute zero, in order to ensure consistency of measurement.

[0050]该装置可使测量头以一定的测量力压在被测物体的表面:先向控制器输入测量力的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头的运动,最终使测量头以相应的测量力压在被测物体的表面。 [0050] The device can measure the measuring head at a constant beat the surface of the object to be measured: After measuring force Xianxiang data input controller which controls the driving current value corresponding to the output direct drive motor drive receives current value mobile body movement, movement of the moving body driven by the motion of the measuring head, the measuring head is eventually respective measurement beat the surface of the object. 测量力是指测量时,测量头以一定的压力压在被测物体表面,测量力的大小等于测量头压在被测物体表面的正压力。 Measuring force measuring means, the measuring head at a constant pressure against the surface of the object to be measured, the measuring force is equal to the magnitude of the measuring head against the positive pressure surface of the object under test.

[0051]该装置可实现测量被测物体的尺寸:此处测量尺以磁栅尺、位移传感器以磁栅传感器为例进行说明,磁栅尺上的N极和S极等距交替排列,位移传感器能感应到N极和S极的变化。 [0051] The apparatus may achieve the object size measurement: Measurement of magnetic grid scale to scale here, to a magnetic displacement sensor gate sensor as an example, N pole on the magnetic scale and S poles alternately arranged equidistantly displacement sensor can sense variations of N and S poles. 直驱电机动子的运动带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动磁栅尺的运动,磁栅传感器感应到磁栅尺的运动,磁栅尺时时通过磁栅传感器将位置数据返回给驱动器,当测量头压在被测物体的放置平面时,驱动器获取到磁栅尺的位置数据后传输给控制器,控制器记录此时磁栅尺返回的位置数据,并标为零位,标完零位之后,之后的每次测量均不需要再次标定零位。 Direct drive motor mover moving operation moving body movement, movement of the moving body driven movement of magnetic scale, the magnetic grid sensor senses movement of magnetic grid scale, the magnetic scale from time to time by a magnetic grid sensor position data back to the driver, when when the probe is placed flat against the object to be measured, the drive position after obtaining the magnetic scale data to the controller, the controller records the location data returned at this time magnetic grid scale and zero scale bits, zero standard End then, after each measurement need not zeroed again. 将被测物体放置在平面上,当测量头压在被测物体表面时,驱动器获取到磁栅尺的位置数据后传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得被测物体的尺寸值。 The object to be measured is placed on a plane, when the measurement object surface in head pressure, the position of the driver after obtaining the magnetic scale data to the controller, the value of the size of the object obtained after processing controller. 磁栅尺在运动时,磁栅传感器获取磁栅尺的位置信息,驱动器将从磁栅传感器获取到的位置信息用于测量头位置和直驱电机动子速度的控制。 Magnetic scale is in motion, the gate magnetic sensor acquires the position information of the magnetic scale, the gate drive from the magnetic sensor acquired position information for controlling the position of the measuring head and the direct drive speed of the motor mover.

[0052]测量力的大小F和直驱电机上的电流I具有线性函数关系,公式为F = kl+a。 Current on the [0052] measuring the magnitude of force F and the direct drive motor has a linear function of I, formula F = kl + a. 其中,k、a与该装置内的零部件的安装位置和方向有关,比如更换测量头或者该装置由水平安装变为竖直安装均会改变k和a的值。 Wherein, k, a mounting position and orientation within the device related components, such as the replacement of the measuring head or a mounting means mounted vertically by a horizontal changes will change the values ​​of a and k.

[0053]第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变、测量头的重量发生变化,当出现以上四种情况时,需要先标定测量力,即先对该装置进行力校准,从而获得测定测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I之间的线性关系。 [0053] The first use of the device, the mounting position of the component within the apparatus is changed, the direction of the installation parts in the device is changed, a change in the weight of the measuring head, when the above four situations, need first calibration measuring force, i.e. a force to the calibration device, so as to obtain a linear relationship between the current I in the measuring force F is measured and the direct drive motor. 力校准的方法如下: Force calibration method is as follows:

[0054] (1)获取数值&和11:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后(用户可自己设定随机产生的电流值I的范围),控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值?工和直驱电机上的电流值I i; [0054] (1) and obtain the value & 11: (current user can set their own randomly generated I range) after entering the power calibration controller, the controller randomly generating a current signal, corresponding to a current controller driver output control after the value of Ii, direct drive motor receives the current value Ιι driven movable body movement, movement of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the tester records the value of the force at this time? current value of the direct drive motor and work I i ;

[0055] (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值12; [0055] (2) 12 and acquires the values: after re-entering the power calibration controller, the controller generates another current random signal, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output 12, receives direct-drive current of the motor 12 to drive the mobile body movement, movement of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the tester recorded the force at this time the value of the current value F4P direct drive motor 12 on;

[0056] (3)计算测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 [0056] (3) calculating a linear relationship between current I and the measuring force F direct drive motor: the value obtained by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I drawn on the measuring force F and the direct drive motor relationship.

[0057]校准完该装置后,可用该装置以设定的测量力F测量物体的尺寸,测量方法如下: [0057] After calibrating the apparatus, the apparatus can be used to set the measuring force F measured size of the object, the measurement method is as follows:

[0058] (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,如图7所示,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L1; [0058] (1) Measurement of nominal positions: the input data to the controller of the measuring force F, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the linear motion moving body, the moving body driven motion measuring head movement, shown in Figure 7, the measuring head is eventually measuring force F is placed against the plane of the object, the displacement sensor of the position data of the acquired measuring scale is transmitted through the drive to the controller, the controller treatment Ll dimension value is obtained;

[0059] (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,如图8所示,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-LJ#出被测物体的尺寸。 [0059] (2) measuring the dimensions of the object: the object to be measured is placed on a plane, the data controller again the same measuring force F is input, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor drive linear motion moving body, the moving body movement measuring head driven movement, 8, and finally to the measuring head for measuring a force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the displacement sensor position data acquired by the measuring tape drive transmission to the controller, the controller processes the obtained size dimension value L2, by the equation L = L2-LJ # an object to be measured.

[0060]上述实施例为本发明较佳的实施方式,但本发明的实施方式并不受上述实施例的限制,其他的任何未背离本发明的精神实质与原理下所作的改变、修饰、替代、组合、简化,均应为等效的置换方式,都包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0060] The preferred embodiment of the present invention embodiment, but the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, changes made to any other without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention, modifications, substitutions , combined, simplified, should be equivalent replacement method, it is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:包括基座、直驱电机、移动主体、测量头、零位传感器、感应元件、测量尺、位移传感器、驱动器和控制器; 所述的移动主体固定在直驱电机上,推动移动主体直线运动的直驱电机固定在基座上,所述的测量头固定在移动主体上; 所述的感应元件设置在移动主体上,所述的零位传感器设置在移动主体的前进方向上; 所述的测量尺设置在移动主体上,用于获取测量尺数据的位移传感器位于移动主体的一侧,所述的测量尺和位移传感器位于移动主体的同一侧; 所述的控制器、零位传感器、位移传感器均与驱动器电连接。 A controllable force dimension measuring apparatus comprising: a base, a direct drive motor, a moving subject, measuring head, the origin sensor, the sensing element, measuring tape, a displacement sensor, a controller and a driver; a moving body is fixed to the direct drive motor, a linear motion body movement promoting direct drive motor fixed to the base, a measuring head fixed to the movable body; said sensing element is disposed on a moving body, according to zero position sensor is arranged in the forward direction of the moving body; measuring scale disposed on said mobile body, the side displacement sensor for acquiring data foot moving body is located, the measuring scale and a displacement sensor located in a mobile body the same side; the controller, the zero position sensors, displacement sensors are electrically connected to a driver.
  2. 2.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:它还包括导轨和滑块,所述的导轨固定在基座的平台上,所述的滑块滑动式安装在导轨上,所述的移动主体固定在滑块上。 2. The size of the controllable force measuring apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: it further comprises a slider and a guide rail, said guide rail is fixed on the base platform, said slider slidably mounted the upper rail, the moving body is fixed to the slider.
  3. 3.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的移动主体上设有安装块,所述的测量尺安装在安装块上;所述的测量尺位于移动主体的左侧,所述的位移传感器位于测量尺的左侧。 3. The dimension measuring apparatus controllable force according to claim 1, wherein: the mounting block provided on said mobile body, said measuring scale is mounted on the mounting block; said measuring scale located in a mobile the left side of the body, the displacement sensor located in the measurement of the left foot.
  4. 4.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的感应元件设置在移动主体的右侧上,所述的零位传感器位于移动主体的右侧。 4. The dimension measuring apparatus 1 according to a controllable force according to claim, characterized in that: said sensing element is disposed on the right side of the moving body, the movement of the right side of the origin sensor body.
  5. 5.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的直驱电机包括定子和动子,所述的定子固定在基座上,所述的移动主动固定在直线运动的动子上。 The size of a controllable force measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the direct drive motor comprises a stator and a mover, a stator fixed on the base, moving the fixed active the linear movement mover.
  6. 6.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的移动主体包括一体形成的第二纵块和第二横块,所述的第二纵块固定在直驱电机上,所述的感应元件固定在第二横块的右侧,所述的测量尺设置在第二横块的左侧,所述的测量头固定在第二横块的前侧。 6. Controllable force dimension measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said body comprises a second longitudinal movement of the block and a second lateral integrally formed block, the second block is fixed in the straight longitudinal the drive motor, said sensing element is fixed to the right side of the second lateral block, the measuring scale provided on the left side of the second lateral blocks, the measuring head is fixed to the front lateral side of the second block.
  7. 7.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:它还包括机壳,所述的零位传感器固定在机壳的右侧,所述的位移传感器固定在机壳的左侧,所述机壳的前端设有用于测量头穿过的缺口。 7. The size of the controllable force measuring device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the housing further comprises a zero position sensor is fixed on the right side of the cabinet, the displacement sensor is fixed in the housing the left side, the front end of the housing is provided with notches for passing the measuring head.
  8. 8.按照权利要求1所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置,其特征在于:所述的测量尺为磁栅尺或光栅尺,所述的位移传感器为相应的磁栅传感器或光栅传感器。 8. The size of the controllable force measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the measuring scale is a magnetic scale or grating, the displacement sensor corresponding to a magnetic sensor or a grid grating sensor.
  9. 9.按照权利要求1〜8任一项所述的一种可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,其特征在于:包括如下的测量步骤: (1)标定测量的位置:向控制器输入测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体的放置平面上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后获得尺寸值U; (2)测量物体的尺寸:将被测物体放置在平面上,再向控制器输入同一测量力F的数据,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值,直驱电机接收电流值后带动移动主体做直线运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头运动,最终使测量头以测量力F压在被测物体上,位移传感器将获取到的测量尺的位置数据通过驱动器传输给控制器,控制器处理后 The method of using the sizing device according to claim 9. requires a controllable force to any one of claims 1~8, characterized in that: the measuring step comprises the following: (1) calibration of the position measurement: measuring an input to the controller F is the force data, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the linear motion body movement, movement of the moving body driven by the movement of the measuring head, the measuring head is eventually measuring force F is pressed against the test placed planar object, the displacement sensor of the measuring scale of the acquired position data transmitted by the drive to the controller, the controller processes the obtained dimension value U; (2) measuring the dimensions of the object: the object to be measured is placed on a plane, a data controller again the same measuring force F is input, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output, after receiving the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the linear motion body movement, movement of the moving body driven by the movement of the measuring head, the measuring head is eventually measuring force F is pressed against the object to be measured, the acquired displacement sensor measuring tape position data transmitted by the drive to the controller, the controller treatment 获得尺寸值L2,通过公式L = L2-Li#出被测物体的尺寸。 Obtaining dimension value L2, by the equation L = L2-Li # size of the object to be measured.
  10. 10.按照权利要求9所述的可控力的尺寸测量装置的使用方法,其特征在于:第一次使用该装置、该装置内的零部件的安装位置发生改变、该装置内的零部件的安装方向发生改变或测量头的重量发生变化时,该使用方法还包括如下的力校准步骤: (1)获取数值FdPI1:控制器进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值Ii,直驱电机接收电流值Ιι后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值F4P直驱电机上的电流值11; (2)获取数值内和12:控制器再进入力校准功能,控制器随机产生另一电流信号后,控制器控制驱动器输出相应的电流值12,直驱电机接收电流值12后带动移动主体运动,移动主体的运动带动测量头压在力测试仪上,记录此时力测试仪的值内和直驱电机上的电流值12; ⑶计算 The method of using force controlled dimension measuring apparatus according to claim 10. 9, wherein: the first time the device is used, the mounting position of the component within the device changes, components within the device when the mounting direction is changed or the weight of the measuring head is changed, the method further comprising the use of a force calibration step: (1) acquisition of values ​​FdPI1: calibration controller proceeds force, after the controller generates a current random signal, the controller controls the driver after the current value corresponding to the output of Ii, direct drive motor receives the current value Ιι driven movable body movement, movement of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the tester recorded the force value at this time F4P direct drive motor current value 11; (2) 12 and acquires the values: after re-entering the power calibration controller, the controller generates another current random signal, the controller controls the driving current value corresponding to the output 12, to receive the current value of the direct drive motor to drive the movement 12 body movement, movement of the moving body measuring head is pressed against the driving force of the tester, the write current value 12 at this time and the force measurement on the direct drive motor; ⑶ calculation 测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性关系:将获取到的数值12通过公式F = kl+a得出测量力F和直驱电机上的电流I的线性函数关系。 Linear relationship between the current I and the measuring force F direct drive motor: the acquired value of 12 by the equation F = kl + a linear function of the current I derived from the measuring force F and the direct drive motor.
CN 201610066597 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 A controlled force dimension measuring device and method of use CN105466374B (en)

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Citations (4)

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US5412880A (en) * 1993-02-23 1995-05-09 Faro Technologies Inc. Method of constructing a 3-dimensional map of a measurable quantity using three dimensional coordinate measuring apparatus
CN201417137Y (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-03-03 吕良飞 Electromechanical type pressure dimension measuring device
CN103598887A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-02-26 北京华健恒创技术有限公司 Contact type living body skeleton distance measuring device
CN205482863U (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-08-17 广州翔天智能科技有限公司 Size?measurement device of controllable power

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5412880A (en) * 1993-02-23 1995-05-09 Faro Technologies Inc. Method of constructing a 3-dimensional map of a measurable quantity using three dimensional coordinate measuring apparatus
CN201417137Y (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-03-03 吕良飞 Electromechanical type pressure dimension measuring device
CN103598887A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-02-26 北京华健恒创技术有限公司 Contact type living body skeleton distance measuring device
CN205482863U (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-08-17 广州翔天智能科技有限公司 Size?measurement device of controllable power

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