CN105465304A - Reciprocating running speed and displacement amplifying mechanism and method - Google Patents

Reciprocating running speed and displacement amplifying mechanism and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105465304A
CN105465304A CN201511023746.5A CN201511023746A CN105465304A CN 105465304 A CN105465304 A CN 105465304A CN 201511023746 A CN201511023746 A CN 201511023746A CN 105465304 A CN105465304 A CN 105465304A
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China
Prior art keywords
reverse wheel
movable
fixing
grooving
fixed
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Granted
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CN201511023746.5A
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CN105465304B (en
Inventor
彭维红
黄宇宏
杜梦琳
高峰
曹国华
刘峰宇
张翔宇
沈晓明
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201511023746.5A priority Critical patent/CN105465304B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H19/00Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion
    • F16H19/02Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion
    • F16H19/06Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion comprising flexible members, e.g. an endless flexible member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H7/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion by endless flexible members
    • F16H7/08Means for varying tension of belts, ropes, or chains
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H9/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members
    • F16H9/02Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion
    • F16H9/04Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion using belts, V-belts, or ropes
    • F16H9/22Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion using belts, V-belts, or ropes specially adapted for ropes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H7/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion by endless flexible members
    • F16H7/08Means for varying tension of belts, ropes, or chains
    • F16H2007/0802Actuators for final output members

Abstract

The invention discloses a reciprocating running speed and displacement amplifying mechanism and method. The reciprocating running speed and displacement amplifying mechanism and method are suitable for amplifying speed and displacement during reciprocating running. The mechanism comprises a linear motion driving shaft and a fixed type reversing wheel set which are arranged on a base. The linear motion driving shaft is connected with a movable wheel set frame, and movable reversing wheel sets are arranged on the two sides of the movable wheel set frame; a driving rope is wound around the fixed type reversing wheel set and the movable reversing wheel sets, and a driving connecting block with an amplifying proportion r is arranged at the position, in the middle of the movable wheel set frame, on the driving rope; and one end of the driving rope is connected with a preloaded spring. The linear motion driving shaft pushes the movable wheel set frame to move in the linear direction so as to drive the movable reversing wheel sets to move, the movable reversing wheel sets drive the driving rope to move, and the driving connecting block on the driving rope does linear motion; the displacement and speed amplifying proportion of the mechanism is r, the pushing distance of the linear motion driving shaft is s, and reciprocating linear drive of multiple displacement and speed amplifying proportions can be achieved; and the application range is wide, the structure is simple, the occupied space is small, and driving is stable and reliable.

Description

The mechanism of a kind of reciprocating running speed and displacement equations and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanism and the method for a kind of reciprocating running speed and displacement equations, be particularly useful for the simulation under Large travel range, large speed motion or this operating mode.
Background technique
For the operating mode of some Large travel range, the motion of large speed, more difficult realization and render analog experiment due to the output displacement of driver and finite rate.In order to realize the amplification under driver thin tail sheep, little speed, current enlarger mainly adopts running block form, but can only run along a direction, can not back and forth run; According to the speedup mode of gears meshing, its complex structure, coordinates difficulty, efficiency low, the more difficult amplification realizing integral multiple ratio simultaneously.For this reason, the present invention considers the layout in space, adopts the mode of rope system, wheel set combination, realizes the amplification of reciprocating running speed and displacement, meets Large travel range, large speed motion operating mode.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem: the object of the invention is for problems of the prior art, provides mechanism and the method for a kind of reciprocating running speed and displacement equations, realizes the simulation under Large travel range, large speed motion or this operating mode.
Technological scheme: the mechanism of reciprocating running speed of the present invention and displacement equations, comprise and be located at straight line motion live axle on pedestal and fixed commutation wheels, straight line motion live axle is connected with castor shelving, castor shelving is provided with the activity commutation wheels being positioned at fixed commutation wheels both sides, fixed commutation wheels and the movable wheels that commutates are wound with to drive and restrict, driving is provided with the driving contiguous block of motion speed and displacement equations ratio r on restricting; One end of rope is driven to be connected with preloading spring.
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 ~ 8 times.
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 times, and fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one being provided with two groovings, and movable commutation wheels comprise the movable reverse wheel one, two being located at fixing reverse wheel one both sides; Rope one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving, drive the other end of rope successively through first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel one, drive second grooving of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel two, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally connected to be fixed on castor shelving preloading spring on.
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 4 times, fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one being provided with two groovings, movable commutation wheels comprise movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, preloading spring is arranged on pedestal, one end of rope is driven to be fixed on pedestal, the other end successively through first grooving of movable reverse wheel one, fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel three, drive second grooving, the movable reverse wheel two of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel four, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally connected on the preloading spring that is fixed on pedestal.
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 5 times, and fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two being respectively equipped with two groovings; Described activity commutation wheels comprise movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, and preloading spring is located on castor shelving; Rope one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving, drive the other end of rope successively through first grooving of first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel one, fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel three, drive second grooving of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel four, second grooving of fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel two, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally connected on the preloading spring that is fixed on castor shelving.
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 6 times, and fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two being provided with two groovings separately; Movable commutation wheels comprise movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six; Described preloading spring is installed on pedestal, rope one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, drive the other end of rope successively through the grooving one of the grooving one of movable reverse wheel one, fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel three, fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel five, drive grooving two, the movable reverse wheel two of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel six, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel four, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally fixed on the preloading spring that is positioned on pedestal;
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 7 times, and fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two, three being provided with two groovings separately; Movable commutation wheels comprise movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six, and preloading spring is located on castor shelving; Rope one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving, drive the other end of rope successively through the grooving one of the grooving one of the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel one, fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel three, fixing reverse wheel three, movable reverse wheel five, drive the grooving two of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel six, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three, movable reverse wheel four, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel two, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally connected on the preloading spring that is positioned on castor shelving;
Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 8 times, and fixed commutation wheels comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two, three being provided with two groovings separately; Movable commutation wheels comprise movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, and preloading spring is located on pedestal; Rope one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, drive the other end of rope successively through the grooving one of the grooving one of the grooving one of movable reverse wheel one, fixing reverse wheel one, movable reverse wheel three, fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel five, fixing reverse wheel three, movable reverse wheel seven, drive grooving two, the movable reverse wheel two of contiguous block, movable reverse wheel eight, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three, movable reverse wheel six, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two, movable reverse wheel four, fixing reverse wheel one, be finally connected on the preloading spring that is positioned on pedestal.
A kind ofly use the reciprocating running speed of said mechanism and the method for displacement equations: drive the straight line motion live axle be fixed on pedestal, straight line motion live axle promotes coupled castor shelving and does straight reciprocating motion, the activity commutation wheels be arranged on castor shelving linearly move back and forth together with castor shelving, drive and are wrapped in fixed commutation wheels and the movable driving rope to-and-fro motion commutated on wheels; Due to fixed commutation wheels do not move, just movable commutation wheels move, the driving contiguous block be connected on the driving rope that moves back and forth moves displacement and the speed of corresponding magnification ratio in the motion speed arranged and displacement equations ratio r; The displacement of described magnification ratio is rs, speed be rv, s is reciprocating distance, and v is reciprocating speed
Beneficial effect: owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
(1) reciprocating linear realizing multiple displacement and speed magnification ratio drives: driving mechanism of the present invention utilizes fixed and movable reverse wheel assembly to close, achieve the multiple output speed ratio of straight line motion live axle or the amplification of stroke ratio, meet the working condition requirement of high speed or Long Distances, the form of symmetrical closed-loop tensioning overcomes the shortcoming of conventional pulley group unidirectional drive simultaneously, achieves reciprocating linear and drives.
(2) applied widely: driving mechanism of the present invention is applicable to the drive arrangement of linear reciprocating motion live axle of stroke limiting, higher output speed operating mode, comprises Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder etc., applied widely;
(3) structure simple, take up room little, drive steadily reliable: driving mechanism structure of the present invention is simple, overcomes the loaded down with trivial details of existing meshed transmission gear, a pulley of taking turns multiple-grooved can be utilized to reduce overall structure, take up room little; Mechanism is provided with and drives rope preloading spring, ensures to drive steadily reliable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be three-dimensional model diagram of 3 times;
Fig. 2 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 3 times;
To be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be Fig. 3 that the driving rope of 3 times is wound around schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be mechanism principle figure of 3 times;
Fig. 5 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be three-dimensional model diagram of 4 times;
Fig. 6 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 4 times;
To be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be Fig. 7 that the driving rope of 4 times is wound around schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be mechanism principle figure of 4 times;
Fig. 9 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 5 times;
Figure 10 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 6 times;
Figure 11 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 7 times;
Figure 12 to be displacement of the present invention and speed magnification ratio be structural scheme of mechanism of 8 times.
In figure: 1-activity commutation wheels; 2-drives rope; 3-drives contiguous block; The fixed commutation wheels of 4-; 5-preloading spring; 6-castor shelving; 7-straight line motion live axle; The movable reverse wheel one of 1-1-; The movable reverse wheel two of 1-2-; The movable reverse wheel three of 1-3-; The movable reverse wheel four of 1-4-; The movable reverse wheel five of 1-5-; The movable reverse wheel six of 1-6-; The movable reverse wheel seven of 1-7-; The movable reverse wheel eight of 1-8-; 4-1-fixes reverse wheel one; 4-2-fixes reverse wheel two; 4-3-fixes reverse wheel three.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are further described:
The mechanism of reciprocating running speed of the present invention and displacement equations, form primarily of activity commutation wheels 1, fixed commutation wheels 4, castor shelving 6 and straight line motion live axle 7, straight line motion live axle 7 and fixed commutation wheels 4 are located on pedestal, castor shelving 6 is connected on straight line motion live axle 7, castor shelving 6 is provided with the activity commutation wheels 1 being positioned at fixed commutation wheels 4 both sides, fixed commutation wheels 4 and the movable wheels 1 that commutates are wound with and drive rope 2, driving rope 2 is provided with the driving contiguous block 3 of motion speed and displacement equations ratio r; One end of rope 2 is driven to be connected with preloading spring 5.Described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 ~ 8 times.
The method of reciprocating running speed of the present invention and displacement equations: drive the straight line motion live axle 7 be fixed on pedestal, straight line motion live axle 7 promotes coupled castor shelving 6 and does straight reciprocating motion, the activity commutation wheels 1 be arranged on castor shelving 6 linearly move back and forth together with castor shelving 6, drive to be wrapped in fixed commutation wheels 4 and the driving on commutation wheels 1 and to restrict 2 to-and-fro motion; Due to fixed commutation wheels 4 do not move, just movable commutation wheels 1 move, the driving contiguous block 3 be connected on the driving rope 2 that moves back and forth moves displacement and the speed of corresponding magnification ratio in the motion speed arranged and displacement equations ratio r; The displacement of described magnification ratio is rs, speed be rv, s is reciprocating distance, and v is reciprocating speed.
Embodiment 1, as shown in Fig. 1 to 2, described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 times, fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 being provided with two groovings, movable commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 that are located at fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 both sides, and preloading spring 5 is located on castor shelving 6.As shown in Figure 3, described driving 2 one end of restricting are fixed on castor shelving 6, drive the other end of rope 2 successively through first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1, drive second grooving of contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, be finally connected to and be fixed on the preloading spring 5 of castor shelving 6.Wherein, fixed commutation wheels 4 are fixed on pedestal; Preloading spring 5 drives rope 2 for tensioning, makes transmission more steadily reliable; Drive contiguous block 3 to be fixed in drive on rope 2, object component is by corresponding displacement of amplifying and speed magnification ratio r are the linear reciprocating motion of 3 times with the clutch end of straight line motion live axle 7 compared with driving that contiguous block 3 is affixed and can realizing.
As shown in Figure 4, straight line motion live axle 7 promotes castor shelving and moves along a straight line, and the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving drive and drive rope 2 to move, and then drive driving contiguous block 3 straight line motion driven on rope 2; When the displacement of driving mechanism and speed magnification ratio are 3 times, as straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 then on castor shelving is s, movable commutation wheels 1 and the fixing spacing commutated between wheels 4 are changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 3s, and output speed is 3v.
Embodiment 2, as shown in FIG. 5 and 6, substantially the same manner as Example 1, exist together slightly mutually, difference is: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 4 times, fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 being provided with two groovings, and movable commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, and preloading spring 5 is arranged on pedestal.As shown in Figure 7, one end of described driving rope 2 is fixed on pedestal, the other end successively through first grooving of movable reverse wheel one 1-1, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, drive second grooving, movable reverse wheel two 1-2 of contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, be finally connected on the preloading spring 5 that is fixed on pedestal.Preloading spring 5, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 are arranged between movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, and the rotating center of movable commutation wheels 1 and straight line motion live axle 7 running orbit are in same level line, this arrangement is compacter compared to embodiment 2 structure, save and take up an area space, drive steadily reliable.
As shown in Figure 8, straight line motion live axle 7 promotes castor shelving and moves in the horizontal direction, and the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving drive and drive rope 2 to move, and then drive driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion driven on rope 2; When the displacement of driving mechanism and speed magnification ratio are 4 times, as straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 then on castor shelving is s, movable commutation wheels 1 and the fixing spacing commutated between wheels 4 are changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 4s, and output speed is 4v.
Embodiment 3, as shown in Figure 9, substantially the same manner as Example 1, exist together slightly mutually, difference is: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 5 times, and fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 and fixing reverse wheel two 4-2 that are respectively equipped with two groovings; Described activity commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, and preloading spring 5 is located on castor shelving 6.Rope 2 one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving 6, drive the other end of rope 2 successively through first grooving of first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, drive second grooving of contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, second grooving of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, be finally connected on the preloading spring 5 that is fixed on castor shelving 6.Preloading spring 5, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 are arranged between movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, and the rotating center of movable commutation wheels 1 and straight line motion live axle 7 running orbit are in same level line, this arrangement is compacter compared to embodiment 4 structure, save and take up an area space, drive steadily reliable.
As straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, then the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving is s, and movable commutation wheels 1 and the fixing spacing commutated between wheels 4 are changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 5s, and output speed is 5v.
Embodiment 4, as shown in Figure 10, substantially the same manner as Example 2, exist together slightly mutually, difference is: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 6 times, and fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 and fixing reverse wheel two 4-2 that are provided with two groovings separately; Movable commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6.Described preloading spring 5 is installed on pedestal, rope 2 one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, drive the other end of rope 2 successively through the grooving one of the grooving one of movable reverse wheel one 1-1, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel five 1-5, drive grooving two, movable reverse wheel two 1-2 of contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel six 1-6, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, be finally fixed on the preloading spring 5 that is positioned on pedestal; Preloading spring 5, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 are arranged between movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4 are arranged between movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6, and the rotating center of movable commutation wheels 1 and straight line motion live axle 7 running orbit are in same level line, this arrangement is compacter compared to embodiment 6 structure, save and take up an area space, drive steadily reliable.
As straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, then the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving is s, and the spacing between movable commutation wheels 1 and quiet pulley is changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 6s, and output speed is 6v.
Embodiment 5, as shown in figure 11, substantially the same manner as Example 3, exist together slightly mutually, difference is: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 7 times, and fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 being provided with two groovings separately, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2 and fixing reverse wheel three 4-3; Movable commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6, and preloading spring 5 is located on castor shelving 6.Rope 2 one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving 6, drive the other end of rope 2 successively through the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel five 1-5, drive contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel six 1-6, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, finally be connected on the preloading spring 5 that is positioned on castor shelving 6, preloading spring 5, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 are arranged between movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4 are arranged between movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6, and the rotating center of movable commutation wheels 1 and straight line motion live axle 7 running orbit are in same level line, this arrangement is compacter compared to embodiment 9 structure, save and take up an area space, drive steadily reliable.
As straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, then the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving is s, and the spacing between movable commutation wheels 1 and quiet pulley is changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 7s, and output speed is 7v.
Embodiment 6, as shown in figure 12, substantially the same manner as Example 4, exist together slightly mutually, difference is: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 8 times, and fixed commutation wheels 4 comprise fixing reverse wheel one 4-1 being provided with two groovings separately, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2 and fixing reverse wheel three 4-3; Movable commutation wheels 1 comprise movable reverse wheel one 1-1 of movable reverse wheel, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, movable reverse wheel five 1-5, movable reverse wheel six 1-6, movable reverse wheel seven 1-7 and movable reverse wheel eight 1-8, and preloading spring 5 is located on pedestal.Rope 2 one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, the other end of rope 2 is driven to pass through movable reverse wheel one 1-1 successively, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel three 1-3, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel five 1-5, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel seven 1-7, drive contiguous block 3, movable reverse wheel eight 1-8, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel six 1-6, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel four 1-4, the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel two 1-2, finally be connected on the preloading spring 5 that is positioned on pedestal.Preloading spring 5, fixing reverse wheel one 4-1, movable reverse wheel one 1-1 and movable reverse wheel two 1-2 is arranged between movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4, fixing reverse wheel two 4-2, movable reverse wheel three 1-3 and movable reverse wheel four 1-4 is arranged between movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6, fixing reverse wheel three 4-3, movable reverse wheel five 1-5 and movable reverse wheel six 1-6 is arranged between movable reverse wheel seven 1-7 and movable reverse wheel eight 1-8, and the rotating center of movable commutation wheels 1 and straight line motion live axle 7 running orbit are in same level line, this arrangement is compacter compared to embodiment 12 structure, save and take up an area space, drive steadily reliable.
As straight line motion live axle 7 actuating length s, driving velocity v, then the move distance of the activity commutation wheels 1 on castor shelving is s, and the spacing between movable commutation wheels 1 and quiet pulley is changed to s, the distance driving contiguous block 3 horizontal motion is 8s, and output speed is 8v.

Claims (9)

1. the mechanism of a reciprocating running speed and displacement equations, it is characterized in that: it comprises and is located at straight line motion live axle (7) on pedestal and fixed commutation wheels (4), straight line motion live axle (7) is connected with castor shelving (6), castor shelving (6) is provided with activity commutation wheels (1) being positioned at fixed commutation wheels (4) both sides, fixed commutation wheels (4) and the movable wheels (1) that commutate are wound with and drive restrict (2), drive the driving contiguous block (3) rope (2) being provided with motion speed and displacement equations ratio r, one end of rope (2) is driven to be connected with preloading spring (5).
2. the mechanism of a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1 and displacement equations, is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 ~ 8 times.
3. a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1,2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 3 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one (4-1) being provided with two groovings, and movable commutation wheels (1) comprises the movable reverse wheel one, two (1-1,1-2) being located at fixing reverse wheel one (4-1) both sides; Rope (2) one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving (6), drive the other end of rope (2) successively through first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel one (1-1), drive second grooving of contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), be finally connected to be fixed on castor shelving (6) preloading spring (5) on.
4. according to claim 1, a kind of reciprocating running speed described in 2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 4 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one (4-1) being provided with two groovings, movable commutation wheels (1) comprises movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four (1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4), preloading spring (5) is arranged on pedestal, one end of rope (2) is driven to be fixed on pedestal, the other end passes through movable reverse wheel one (1-1) successively, first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel three (1-3), drive contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel four (1-4), second grooving of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), finally be connected on the preloading spring (5) that is fixed on pedestal.
5. a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1,2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 5 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two (4-1,4-2) being respectively equipped with two groovings, described activity commutation wheels (1) comprises movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four (1-1,1-2,1-3,1-4), and preloading spring (5) is located on castor shelving (6), rope (2) one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving (6), drive the other end of rope (2) successively through first grooving of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel one (1-1), first grooving of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel three (1-3), drive contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel four (1-4), second grooving of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), second grooving of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), finally be connected on the preloading spring (5) that is fixed on castor shelving (6).
6. a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1,2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 6 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two (4-1,4-2) being provided with two groovings separately, movable commutation wheels (1) comprises movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six (1-1,1-2,1-3,1-4,1-5,1-6), described preloading spring (5) is installed on pedestal, rope (2) one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, the other end of rope (2) is driven to pass through movable reverse wheel one (1-1) successively, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel three (1-3), the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel five (1-5), drive contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel six (1-6), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel four (1-4), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), finally be fixed on the preloading spring (5) that is positioned on pedestal.
7. a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1,2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 7 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two, three (4-1,4-2,4-3) being provided with two groovings separately, movable commutation wheels (1) comprises movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six (1-1,1-2,1-3,1-4,1-5,1-6), and preloading spring (5) is located on castor shelving (6), rope (2) one end is driven to be fixed on castor shelving (6), drive the other end of rope (2) successively through the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel one (1-1), the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel three (1-3), the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel three (4-3), movable reverse wheel five (1-5), drive contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel six (1-6), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three (4-3), movable reverse wheel four (1-4), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), finally be connected on the preloading spring (5) that is positioned on castor shelving (6).
8. a kind of reciprocating running speed according to claim 1,2 and the mechanism of displacement equations, it is characterized in that: described motion speed and displacement equations ratio r are 8 times, fixed commutation wheels (4) comprise the fixing reverse wheel one, two, three (4-1,4-2,4-3) being provided with two groovings separately, movable commutation wheels (1) comprises movable reverse wheel one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight (1-1,1-2,1-3,1-4,1-5,1-6,1-7,1-8), and preloading spring (5) is located on pedestal, rope (2) one end is driven to be fixed on pedestal, the other end of rope (2) is driven to pass through movable reverse wheel one (1-1) successively, the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel three (1-3), the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel five (1-5), the grooving one of fixing reverse wheel three (4-3), movable reverse wheel seven (1-7), drive contiguous block (3), movable reverse wheel eight (1-8), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel three (4-3), movable reverse wheel six (1-6), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel two (4-2), movable reverse wheel four (1-4), the grooving two of fixing reverse wheel one (4-1), movable reverse wheel two (1-2), finally be connected on the preloading spring (5) that is positioned on pedestal.
9. one kind uses the reciprocating running speed of mechanism described in claim 1 and the method for displacement equations, it is characterized in that: drive the straight line motion live axle (7) be fixed on pedestal, straight line motion live axle (7) promotes coupled castor shelving (6) and does straight reciprocating motion, activity commutation wheels (1) be arranged on castor shelving (6) linearly moves back and forth together with castor shelving (6), drives and is wrapped in fixed commutation wheels (4) and movable driving rope (2) to-and-fro motion commutated on wheels (1); Due to fixed commutation wheels (4) do not move, just movable commutation wheels (1) is mobile, the driving contiguous block (3) be connected on the driving rope (2) that moves back and forth moves displacement and the speed of corresponding magnification ratio in the motion speed arranged and displacement equations ratio r; The displacement of described magnification ratio is rs, speed be rv, s is reciprocating distance, and v is reciprocating speed.
CN201511023746.5A 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 The mechanism and method of a kind of reciprocating running speed and displacement equations Expired - Fee Related CN105465304B (en)

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