CN105462752A - 一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN105462752A
CN105462752A CN201510966223.8A CN201510966223A CN105462752A CN 105462752 A CN105462752 A CN 105462752A CN 201510966223 A CN201510966223 A CN 201510966223A CN 105462752 A CN105462752 A CN 105462752A
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余少武
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Hefei Baohe District Daweihua Orchard Wu Chicken Breeding Farm
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    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
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    • A61K35/614Cnidaria, e.g. sea anemones, corals, coral animals or jellyfish
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    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
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    • A61K36/07Basidiomycota, e.g. Cryptococcus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/47Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family), e.g. Ricinus (castorbean)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/48Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Pea or Legume family); Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/60Moraceae (Mulberry family), e.g. breadfruit or fig
    • A61K36/605Morus (mulberry)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/63Oleaceae (Olive family), e.g. jasmine, lilac or ash tree
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/63Oleaceae (Olive family), e.g. jasmine, lilac or ash tree
    • A61K36/638Ligustrum, e.g. Chinese privet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/73Rosaceae (Rose family), e.g. strawberry, chokeberry, blackberry, pear or firethorn
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/889Arecaceae, Palmae or Palmaceae (Palm family), e.g. date or coconut palm or palmetto
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12GWINE; PREPARATION THEREOF; ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES; PREPARATION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES C12C OR C12H
    • C12G3/00Preparation of other alcoholic beverages
    • C12G3/02Preparation of other alcoholic beverages by fermentation

Abstract

本发明公开了一种桑黄桑叶米酒,由下列重量份的原料制成:大米350-400、霜桑叶18-20、椰肉2-4、鲜豌豆粒6-7、红柿子椒5-8、海蜇皮6-9、桑黄3-4、苹果皮2-3、女贞子1-1.2、茉莉花1.2-1.4、麦芽糊精0.25-0.3、马利酵母4-5、水适量。本发明采用的椰肉等辅料具有补虚强壮、益气祛风的功能,采用的桑黄等中草药具有和味、利五脏的功效。

Description

一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及食品加工技术领域,尤其涉及一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法。
背景技术
[0002]桑叶不仅可用来饲养家蚕,也可入药。桑叶的药用首载于《神农本草经》:桑叶性寒、味苦、归肺、肝经,具有祛风清热、凉血明目等功效。桑叶,以老而经霜者为佳,欲其气之全,力之厚也,故入药用冬桑叶:亦曰霜叶。桑叶营养丰富,主要含有香豆素类、酚性物质、黄酮类物质、人体所需的18种氨基酸及7种维生素,还含有锌、锰、钙、铁等微量元素,已被国家卫生部正式列入“既是食品又是药品”资源名单。近年来的研究表明,桑叶具有降血糖、降血脂、抗肿瘤、抗氧化、增强免疫力、抗炎、抑菌、抗病毒、抗凝血及扩血管等作用,日本、韩国和中国已开发出桑叶茶、桑叶降血糖药物、桑叶香烟和具有抗衰老、保湿、美白功效的化妆品等产品。目前,桑叶酒多采用桑叶浸提液勾兑而成,不具有酿造酒醇厚的口感,并且味道苦涩、保健功能不强,不适合工业化生产。
发明内容
[0003]本发明目的就是为了弥补已有技术的缺陷,提供一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法。
[0004]本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的:
一种桑黄桑叶米酒,由下列重量份的原料制成:
大米350-400、霜桑叶18-20、椰肉2-4、鲜豌豆粒6-7、红柿子椒5-8、海蜇皮6-9、桑黄3-4、苹果皮2-3、女贞子1-1.2、茉莉花1.2-1.4、麦芽糊精0.25-0.3、马利酵母4-5、水适量。
[0005]所述的一种桑黄桑叶米酒的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
(1)将霜桑叶用清水漂洗干净后,置于室温下萎凋4-5小时,再转至蒸汽式杀青机中在100-110°C下进行去苦涩处理50-60秒;将去苦涩处理后的霜桑叶置于连续烘干机中在120°C下烘干处理25-30分钟,出料摊晾后再粉碎,过100目筛;
(2)将麦芽糊精置于30倍水中搅拌至完全溶化,得麦芽糊精溶液;将麦芽糊精溶液均匀喷淋在步骤(1)所得霜桑叶粉末上,搅拌均匀后再进行真空冷冻干燥8-9小时;
(3)将桑黄、苹果皮、女贞子、茉莉花混合,加6-8倍的水在70-75°C下浸提10-15分钟,过滤除渣,收集滤液;
(4)将椰肉、鲜豌豆粒、红柿子椒混合,加3-4倍水打浆,得浆液;将海蜇皮置于锅中焙干,研磨成粉末,所得粉末与浆液混匀;
(5)将大米淘洗干净后,与步骤(3)、(4)处理后的物料混合入锅,加适量水煮成米饭,米饭温度冷却至30°C时保温备用;
(6)将步骤(2)、(5)处理后的物料混合,再加入马利酵母混合均匀,在30°C下密封发酵10-12天,将所得物料进行压榨、过滤、勾兑,即得。
[0006]本发明的优点是:本发明先对霜桑叶进行萎凋处理,再置于蒸汽式杀青机中处理,有助于增加桑叶的甜爽香味,同时有效去除霜桑叶的苦涩味道;粉碎处理后的霜桑叶先与麦芽糊精溶液混合,经冷冻干燥处理后,再在发酵过程中添加到米饭中,其中,麦芽糊精可以作为定型填充料渗透到霜桑叶颗粒内部,使其组织更加充实,呈疏松多孔海绵状,更容易与酵母融合,缩短发酵时间;本发明的菌种采用马利酵母,使得发酵的米酒酒精度高、酒体醇厚,桑叶香和酒香纯正;此外,本发明采用的椰肉等辅料具有补虚强壮、益气祛风的功能,采用的桑黄等中草药具有和味、利五脏的功效。
具体实施方式
[0007] —种桑黄桑叶米酒,由下列重量份的原料制成:
大米350、霜桑叶18、椰肉2、鲜豌豆粒6、红柿子椒5、海蜇皮6、桑黄3、苹果皮2、女贞子1、茉莉花1.2、麦芽糊精0.25、马利酵母4、水适量。
[0008]所述的一种桑黄桑叶米酒的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
(1)将霜桑叶用清水漂洗干净后,置于室温下萎凋4小时,再转至蒸汽式杀青机中在100°C下进行去苦涩处理50秒;将去苦涩处理后的霜桑叶置于连续烘干机中在120°C下烘干处理25分钟,出料摊晾后再粉碎,过100目筛;
(2)将麦芽糊精置于30倍水中搅拌至完全溶化,得麦芽糊精溶液;将麦芽糊精溶液均匀喷淋在步骤(1)所得霜桑叶粉末上,搅拌均匀后再进行真空冷冻干燥8小时;
(3)将桑黄、苹果皮、女贞子、茉莉花混合,加6倍的水在70°C下浸提10分钟,过滤除渣,收集滤液;
(4)将椰肉、鲜豌豆粒、红柿子椒混合,加3倍水打浆,得浆液;将海蜇皮置于锅中焙干,研磨成粉末,所得粉末与浆液混匀;
(5)将大米淘洗干净后,与步骤(3)、(4)处理后的物料混合入锅,加适量水煮成米饭,米饭温度冷却至30°C时保温备用;
(6)将步骤(2)、(5)处理后的物料混合,再加入马利酵母混合均匀,在30°C下密封发酵10天,将所得物料进行压榨、过滤、勾兑,即得。

Claims (2)

1.一种桑黄桑叶米酒,其特征在于由下列重量份的原料制成: 大米350-400、霜桑叶18-20、椰肉2_4、鲜豌豆粒6_7、红柿子椒5_8、海蜇皮6_9、桑黄3-4、苹果皮2-3、女贞子1-1.2、茉莉花1.2-1.4、麦芽糊精0.25-0.3、马利酵母4-5、水适量。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种桑黄桑叶米酒的制备方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤: (1)将霜桑叶用清水漂洗干净后,置于室温下萎凋4-5小时,再转至蒸汽式杀青机中在100-110°C下进行去苦涩处理50-60秒;将去苦涩处理后的霜桑叶置于连续烘干机中在120°C下烘干处理25-30分钟,出料摊晾后再粉碎,过100目筛; (2)将麦芽糊精置于30倍水中搅拌至完全溶化,得麦芽糊精溶液;将麦芽糊精溶液均匀喷淋在步骤(1)所得霜桑叶粉末上,搅拌均匀后再进行真空冷冻干燥8-9小时; (3)将桑黄、苹果皮、女贞子、茉莉花混合,加6-8倍的水在70-75°C下浸提10-15分钟,过滤除渣,收集滤液; (4)将椰肉、鲜豌豆粒、红柿子椒混合,加3-4倍水打浆,得浆液;将海蜇皮置于锅中焙干,研磨成粉末,所得粉末与浆液混匀; (5)将大米淘洗干净后,与步骤(3)、(4)处理后的物料混合入锅,加适量水煮成米饭,米饭温度冷却至30°C时保温备用; (6)将步骤(2)、(5)处理后的物料混合,再加入马利酵母混合均匀,在30°C下密封发酵10-12天,将所得物料进行压榨、过滤、勾兑,即得。
CN201510966223.8A 2015-12-22 2015-12-22 一种桑黄桑叶米酒及其制备方法 Withdrawn CN105462752A (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107904079A (zh) * 2017-12-12 2018-04-13 合肥市绿之林农业开发有限公司 一种黄秋葵海蜇保健酒及其制备方法
CN109486625A (zh) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-19 信阳市菌福康生物科技有限公司 一种桑黄酒的配方及制作方法

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107904079A (zh) * 2017-12-12 2018-04-13 合肥市绿之林农业开发有限公司 一种黄秋葵海蜇保健酒及其制备方法
CN109486625A (zh) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-19 信阳市菌福康生物科技有限公司 一种桑黄酒的配方及制作方法

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Application publication date: 20160406