CN105449773B - 一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩及其操作方法 - Google Patents

一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩及其操作方法 Download PDF

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CN105449773B
CN105449773B CN201511005849.9A CN201511005849A CN105449773B CN 105449773 B CN105449773 B CN 105449773B CN 201511005849 A CN201511005849 A CN 201511005849A CN 105449773 B CN105449773 B CN 105449773B
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CN105449773A (zh
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李晨迪
陈渊睿
曾君
刘俊峰
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/66Data transfer between charging stations and vehicles
    • B60L53/665Methods related to measuring, billing or payment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0027Stations for charging mobile units, e.g. of electric vehicles, of mobile telephones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0042Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0042Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction
    • H02J7/0044Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction specially adapted for holding portable devices containing batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/168
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging

Abstract

本发明公开了一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩及其操作方法,该电动汽车智能分布式充电桩包括带底座的桩体及分别安装在该桩体上的人机交互接触屏、刷卡器、USB接口、活动门,所述桩体安装在供电路灯杆上,所述底座固定在地面上,所述活动门的外表面安装有充电接线外漏孔和电动遥控门锁,其内部设置有三个凹槽,分别安装有蓝牙设备、智能充电控制箱、充电枪支架,所述充电枪支架上放置有充电枪,该充电枪与桩体内的供电单元连接;用户通过蓝牙设备配套的智能手机APP,控制电动遥控门锁的开启。本发明能有效解决目前集中式电动汽车充电站的充电不便利、充电桩易失窃、重新铺设电力线路成本高昂等问题。

Description

一种电动汽车智能分布式充电粧及其操作方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及电动汽车充电的技术领域,尤其是指一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩 及其操作方法。
背景技术
[0002] 随着可持续发展和建设和谐社会的要求,节能减排、充分利用可再生能源的绿色 发展战略己成为当前的发展趋势。电动汽车是新能源战略的重要组成部分,世界各国均非 常关注电动汽车的发展和推广。但目前,我国城市中电动汽车的配套设备,如充电站或充电 桩之类的充电设备很少,且充电设备主要建设在停车场或者特定的充电场所内,以大型集 中式充电为主,未建成真正面向不同用户的充电桩服务网络,这成为了阻碍电动汽车普及 的因素之一。分布式充电桩大部分安装在无人管理的区域,充电桩便于挪动,如果不安装防 盗装置,很容易被盗。此外,建设充电站或者充电桩必然需要有电能输入,重新铺设电力线 路也会增加建设成本。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的在于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种基于供电路灯的具有防盗功能 的电动汽车智能分布式充电桩及其操作方法,能有效解决目前集中式电动汽车充电站的充 电不便利、充电粧易失窃、重新铺设电力线路成本高昂等问题。
[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明所提供如下技术方案:一种电动汽车智能分布式充电粧, 该电动汽车智能分布式充电桩安装在供电路灯杆上,通过接收路灯照明线路传输的电能, 给电动汽车进行供电;该电动汽车智能分布式充电桩包括有带底座的桩体及分别安装在该 桩体上的人机交互接触屏、刷卡器、USB接口、活动门,所述桩体安装在供电路灯杆上,所述 底座固定在地面上,所述活动门的外表面安装有充电接线外漏孔和电动遥控门锁,其内部 设置有三个凹槽,分别安装有蓝牙设备、智能充电控制箱、充电枪支架,所述充电枪支架上 放置有充电枪,该充电枪与桩体内的供电单元连接;用户通过蓝牙设备配套的智能手机 APP,控制电动遥控门锁的开启。
[0005]所述智能充电控制箱包括有主充电电路、控制芯片、漏电保护电路、充电接口、GPS 定位装置、计量电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口;所述主充电电路、GPS定位 装置、计量电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口与控制芯片相连,所述漏电保护 电路、充电接口、计量电表与主充电电路相连,输入电流依次流经漏电保护电路、主充电电 路后流入充电接口。
[0006] 所述桩体上设有放置槽,用于放置充电中的小型设备。
[0007] 所述充电接线外漏孔设置在活动门的底部。
[0008]本发明所述电动汽车智能分布式充电桩的操作方法,如下:
[0009]当用户需要对电动汽车进行充电时,首先查看智能手机上的APP,查看由智能充电 控制箱传递来的充电桩实时信息,选择距离用户最近的可用充电粧进行充电;通过手机与 充电桩内部的蓝牙设备通讯,解除电动遥控门锁的锁止,进而打开活动门,将位于充电枪支 架上的充电枪取出,安插在待充电的电动汽车上,用户可以对设置在充电桩上的人机交互 接触屏进行控制,选择充电模式,根据动力电池的当前电量,预计/指定充电时间,开启充电 模式,将充电枪支架上的充电枪拉出与电动汽车的充电接口紧密咬合,对电动汽车开始实 施充电,之后活动门将关闭,此时,由于充电接线外漏孔设在活动门的底部,即使关闭活动 门,也不会对充电接线造成夹坏,避免充电装置接线的外漏;此外,用户也能够通过USB接口 对小功率移动设备进行接入充电,充电中的移动设备能够放在放置槽中;电动汽车充电结 束后,充电桩会通过扬声器发出提示音,同时会传输信号至用户的手机终端提示用户充电 完成,此时计量电表通过计算得到用户需支付的费用,用户通过刷卡器刷卡支付电费;当需 要闲置充电桩时,启动智能手机进入相应的APP,与电动遥控门锁相互匹配,将活动门关闭 即可。
[0010]本发明与现有技术相比,具有如下优点与有益效果:
[0011]本发明的电动汽车智能充电桩采用分布式设计方案,其基于已有的供电路灯布 线,将充电桩安装在供电路灯上,提高了多用户电动汽车充电的便捷性,缓解了当前集中式 充电站的地理位置的局限性。此外,充电桩固定在路灯杆上,难以移动,且通过地面固定底 座及安装活动门和电动遥控门锁,能很好的起到了防盗作用。
附图说明
[0012] 图1为本发明所述电动汽车智能分布式充电桩的安装示意图。
[0013] 图2为本发明所述活动门的内部结构示意图。
[0014]图3为本发明所述智能充电控制箱的结构方框图。
具体实施方式
[0015]下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
[0016]如图1和图2所示,本实施例所述的电动汽车智能分布式充电粧,安装在供电路灯 杆1上,通过接收路灯照明线路传输的电能,给电动汽车进行供电;该电动汽车智能充电桩 包括有带底座2的桩体3及分别安装在该桩体3上的人机交互接触屏4、刷卡器5、USB接口 6、 放置槽7、活动门8,所述粧体3安装在供电路灯杆1上,所述底座2固定在地面上,所述活动门 8的外表面安装有充电接线外漏孔9和电动遥控门锁10,其内部设置有三个凹槽,分别安装 有蓝牙设备11、智能充电控制箱12、充电枪支架13,所述充电枪支架13上放置有充电枪14, 该充电枪14与桩体3内的供电单元连接;用户通过蓝牙设备11配套的智能手机APP,控制电 动遥控门锁10的开启。
[0017]如图3所示,所述智能充电控制箱12包括有主充电电路、控制芯片、漏电保护电路、 充电接口、GPS定位装置、计量电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口;所述主充电 电路、GPS定位装置、计量电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口与控制芯片相连, 所述漏电保护电路、充电接口、计量电表与主充电电路相连,输入电流依次流经漏电保护电 路、主充电电路后流入充电接口。
[0018]当用户需要对电动汽车进行充电时,首先查看智能手机上的APP,查看由智能充电 控制箱传递来的充电粧实时信息(包括是否被占用、维修状态、地理位置等),选择距离用户 最近的可用充电粧充电。通过手机与充电桩内部的蓝牙设备11通讯,解除电动遥控门锁10 的锁止,可以打开活动门8,将位于充电枪支架1S上的充电枪14取出,安插在待充电的电动 汽车上,用户就可以对设置充电桩上的人机交互接触屏4进行控制,选择充电模式,根据动 力电池的当前电量,预计/指定充电时间,开启充电模式,将充电枪支架上的充电枪拉出与 电动汽车的充电接口紧密咬合,对电动汽车开始实施充电,之后将活动门8关闭,此时,由于 充电接线外漏孔9设在活动门8的底部,即使关闭活动门8,也不会对充电接线造成夹坏,避 免充电装置接线的外漏。用户也可以通过USB接口 6接入小功率移动设备进行充电,充电中 的移动设备可以放在放置槽7中。电动汽车充电结束后,充电粧会通过扬声器发出提示音, 同时会传输信号至用户的手机终端提不用户充电完成,此时计量电表计算得到用户需支付 的费用,用户通过刷卡器5刷卡支付电费。当需要闲置充电粧时,启动智能手机进入相应的 APP,与电动遥控门锁10相互匹配,将活动门8关闭。
[0019]以上所述之实施例子只为本发明之较佳实施例,并非以此限制本发明的实施范 围,故凡依本发明之形状、原理所作的变化,均应涵盖在本发明的保护范围内。

Claims (4)

1.一种电动汽车智能分布式充电粧的操作方法,所述电动汽车智能分布式充电粧安装 在供电路灯杆上,通过接收路灯照明线路传输的电能,给电动汽车进行供电;该电动汽车智 能分布式充电桩包括有带底座的桩体及分别安装在该桩体上的人机交互接触屏、刷卡器、 USB接口、活动门,所述粧体安装在供电路灯杆上,所述底座固定在地面上,所述活动门的外 表面安装有充电接线外漏孔和电动遥控门锁,其内部设置有三个凹槽,分别安装有蓝牙设 备、智能充电控制箱、充电枪支架,所述充电枪支架上放置有充电枪,该充电枪与桩体内的 供电单元连接;用户通过蓝牙设备配套的智能手机APP,控制电动遥控门锁的开启;其特征 在于:当用户需要对电动汽车进行充电时,首先查看智能手机上的APP,查看由智能充电控 制箱传递来的充电桩实时信息,选择距离用户最近的可用充电桩进行充电;通过手机与充 电粧内部的蓝牙设备通讯,解除电动遥控门锁的锁止,进而打开活动门,将位于充电枪支架 上的充电枪取出,安插在待充电的电动汽车上,用户能够对设置在充电粧上的人机交互接 触屏进行控制,选择充电模式,根据动力电池的当前电量,预计/指定充电时间,开启充电模 式,将充电枪支架上的充电枪拉出与电动汽车的充电接口紧密咬合,对电动汽车开始实施 充电,之后活动门将关闭,此时,由于充电接线外漏孔设在活动门的底部,即使关闭活动门, 也不会对充电接线造成夹坏,避免充电装置接线的外漏;此外,用户也能够通过USB接口对 小功率移动设备进行接入充电,充电中的移动设备能够放在放置槽中;电动汽车充电结束 后,充电桩会通过扬声器发出提示音,同时会传输信号至用户的手机终端提示用户充电完 成,此时计量电表通过计算得到用户需支付的费用,用户通过刷卡器刷卡支付电费;当需要 闲置充电桩时,启动智能手机进入相应的APP,与电动遥控门锁相互匹配,将活动门关闭即 可。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩的操作方法,其特征在于:所 述智能充电控制箱包括有主充电电路、控制芯片、漏电保护电路、充电接口、GPS定位装置、 计量电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口;所述主充电电路、GPS定位装置、计量 电表、扬声器、人机交互触摸屏接口、刷卡器接口与控制芯片相连,所述漏电保护电路、充电 接口、计量电表与主充电电路相连,输入电流依次流经漏电保护电路、主充电电路后流入充 电接口。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩的操作方法,其特征在于:所 述桩体上设有放置槽,用于放置充电中的小功率移动设备。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种电动汽车智能分布式充电桩的操作方法,其特征在于:所 述充电接线外漏孔设置在活动门的底部。
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