CN105442831B - One kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template - Google PatentsOne kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template Download PDF
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- CN105442831B CN105442831B CN201410497227.1A CN201410497227A CN105442831B CN 105442831 B CN105442831 B CN 105442831B CN 201410497227 A CN201410497227 A CN 201410497227A CN 105442831 B CN105442831 B CN 105442831B
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一种斜角企口建筑模板 One kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template
 本发明涉及建筑领域，具体地说涉及一种斜角企口建筑模板。  The present invention relates to the field of construction, particularly to an oblique tongue and groove construction template.
背景技术 Background technique
 现有的建筑模板通常采用可拆卸的连接方式，将小块的模板现场拼装成所需要的筑模形状。  existing building templates usually detachable connection, the pieces assembled into a building site template mold of the desired shape. 其中的拼装连接的方式一种是采用在模板的非浇筑面上设置连接孔，采用螺栓进行连接，或者设置连接法兰，采用快速夹紧机构实现连接。 The manner in which the assembly is connected to a non-casting face using template provided connecting hole, bolt connection or connection flange is provided, using fast clamping mechanism connected. 还有就是采用模板连接的相对边缘上的企口连结结构进行连接。 There is the use of tongue and groove coupling structure of the opposing edges of the template connected to the connection. 通常的螺栓连接和夹紧机构连接的方式需要在模板的连接边缘上设置至少两个螺栓或夹紧机构，同时需要进行浇筑面校平工作，使得其工作效率低、浇筑面的平整度难以保证。 Usual way bolting and clamping mechanism requires at least two connecting bolts or clamping means on the connection edge of the template, while the need for pouring leveling work surface, so that its efficiency is low, the surface smoothness is difficult to guarantee pouring . 而单纯企口连结结构的连接方式可以保证具有较高的连接工作效率，同时也基本上能够保证浇筑面的平整度，但是这类的连接结构还要考虑拆装难以的问题，使得其连接的紧固性差、连接强度较低。 And connection structure simple tongue and groove coupling connection can be guaranteed with higher efficiency, but also to ensure that substantially pouring surface smoothness, but such a connection structure removably difficult to also consider such that it is connected poor fastening, connection strength is low. 为了克服模板企口连接结构固有的缺点，中国专利文献CN201962939U中公开了一种精密建筑模板，其通过相互配合的企口上卡头、卡槽的配合连接实现相邻模板之间在垂直于浇筑面方向的相互限定，并通过卡点的配合作用防止卡头与卡槽之间的分离。 To overcome the disadvantages inherent in the structure of template tongue and groove connection, Chinese patent discloses a precision CN201962939U building module, which is connected to the casting to achieve a vertical plane between adjacent modules in the inro fitting by cooperating chuck, the slot each defined direction and prevent separation between the head and the card through the card slot cooperates points. 显然，为了便于模板之间的配装，卡点的尺度受到限制，因此卡点的作用强度也是有限的。 Obviously, in order to facilitate the fitting between the template, the card point scale is limited, so the strength of the card point of action is limited. 为了提高建筑模板之间的连接强度，进一步采用了一个作用在相邻模板之间的螺钉来保证配装的稳定性。 In order to improve the connection strength between building templates, using a further screw acting between adjacent templates fitted to ensure stability. 但是由于螺钉连接存在固有的缺陷， 即需要设置数个螺钉来保证连接模板之间的受力均衡，使得其连接效率低的问题无法得到解决。 However, due to inherent defects screw connection, the need to set a few screws to ensure that the force balance between the connected template so that the lower connection efficiency can not be resolved. 此外，上述现有技术在两相邻模板拼装时，需要先将一块模板相对另一块模板倾斜一定角度，再将相邻模板上的卡头、卡槽嵌入配合后，然后再转动倾斜的模板使其转到与另一模板平行的位置的同时将卡点及另一卡头、卡槽配对嵌合。 Further, the prior art two adjacent modules when assembled, requires a first one another relative to the template inclined at an angle template, the template chuck and then adjacent, fitted with the slot and then rotated so that the inclination of the template transfer it to another position while the template is parallel to the card and the other point of the chuck, the fitting slot pairing. 这样的转动对装配空间具有一定的要求，在空间狭小的环境下，这样的企口结构的拼装将存在一定的困难。 Such rotation of the assembly with certain requirements of space, in the narrow space environment, such as tongue and groove assembly structure will present some difficulties.
 为此，本发明所要解决的技术问题在于现有技术的建筑模板的安装受到空间限制的问题;另一方面，解决现有技术不能同时满足连接速度快又连接强度高的问题，进而提供一种拆装方便，强度高的建筑模板。  To this end, the present invention is to solve the technical problem of the prior art building module installation subject to space constraints of the problem; on the other hand, to solve the problems connected to the prior art can not meet the high-speed connection strength and at the same time, and further provide an easy accessibility, high-strength construction template.
 为解决上述技术问题，本发明的一种斜角企口建筑模板，具有  To solve the above technical problem, the template oblique tongue and groove construction of the present invention, having
 浇筑面及与所述浇筑面相对设置的外侧面；  pouring surface and an outer surface opposite to the casting surface disposed;
 企口结构，成型于所述浇筑面与所述外侧面之间的连接边缘，所述企口结构包括嵌合结构，所述嵌合结构适于通过在与所述边缘及两相互拼合的建筑模板之一的浇筑面呈一夹角的嵌入移动方向的移动与相邻建筑模板嵌入配合，所述嵌合结构限制所述边缘与相邻建筑模板的相对边缘在垂直于所述边缘及嵌入移动方向的方向上分离；以及  The tongue and groove structure formed on the connecting edge between the casting surface and the outer side surface, said structure comprises a tongue and groove fitting structure, the structure is adapted by fitting the two edges to each other and mobile embedded moving direction of one of the split casting-section of a building module with the angle template adjacent buildings fitted with the fitting structure of the limiting edge opposite edges of adjacent building module is perpendicular to the edge and separating the moving direction of the insert direction; and
 锁定结构，包括可动地且在嵌入移动方向上不可移动地设置在所述边缘上的锁定件，及在相邻模板对应边缘上设置的锁定面，所述锁定件通过成型在所述边缘上的插槽设置在所述边缘上；在非锁定状态，所述锁定件的锁定部与相邻模板上的所述锁定面之间在所述嵌入移动方向上的移动不相互干涉;且在两相邻建筑模板配合后，经所述锁定件的动作，使所述锁定部与相邻模板上相应的锁定面之间相互啮合以将两相邻的建筑模板在所述嵌入移动方向上锁定。  The locking structure includes a locking member fitted in the moving direction and immovably disposed movably on the edge of the template and the corresponding adjacent surfaces provided on the locking edge, said locking member being molded by said slot is provided on the edge on the edge; in the non-locked state, the locking member movable between a locking surface in the movement direction on the embedded portion of the template adjacent the locking not to interfere with each other; and after mating of two adjacent building module, the operation of the locking member, the locking portion adjacent the template corresponding locking intermeshing to two adjacent building module is embedded in the moving direction between the faces on the lock.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述嵌合结构包括靠近所述绕筑面并沿对应的边缘延伸设置的凹槽和/或凸起，及靠近所述外侧面并沿对应的边缘延伸设置的凸起和/或凹槽，所述凹槽与所述凸起适于与相邻建筑模板上对应的凸起及凹槽配合嵌合，并且两者在平行于所述浇筑面的投影不重合，所述凹槽的深入方向及所述凸起的突出方向平行于所述嵌入移动方向，所述凹槽的开口方向与所述凸起的突出方向相同；所述锁定件或所述锁定面设置在所述凹槽与所述凸起之间。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, said fitting structure comprises a building close to the surface and extending around the corresponding edge of the recess provided and / or projections, and the outer side surface and near extending along the corresponding edges of the projections and / or grooves, the groove and the projection adapted and corresponding projections and recesses on adjacent building templates with chimeric, and both parallel to the pouring said projection plane do not overlap, the depth direction of the grooves and the projections projecting in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the insert, the opening of the groove the protrusion direction of the protruding direction of the same; the the locking member or locking surface disposed between the groove and the projection.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，还设有驱动所述锁定件动作的驱动机构。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, there is also provided a drive mechanism for driving the lock operation member.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述驱动机构包括一个带有驱动结构的拨动件;所述拨动件通过转轴转动地设置在所述建筑模板上，所述拨动件的一端与所述转轴固定连接，所述拨动件的另一端作用在设置于所述锁定件上的被拨动结构上。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the drive mechanism includes a dial member having a drive structure; the dial via a shaft member rotatably disposed on the building module, said dial one end of the movable shaft member is fixedly connected to the other end of the action of the toggle member is provided on said locking member is a toggle structure.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述嵌入移动方向垂直于所述边缘及两相互拼合的建筑模板之一的浇筑面。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the insert is perpendicular to the moving direction of the casting surface and an edge of one of the two mutually split architecture template.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述锁定面设置在所述凹槽与所述凸起之间成型的沿所述边缘延伸的突出部上。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the locking surface is provided on a protruding portion formed between the groove and the projection extending along said edge.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，两相邻所述模板上分别成型有所述突出部，所述突出部从沿所述边缘延伸方向看，与相邻建筑模板上相应的突出部在所述嵌入移动的方向上相互重叠;所述突出部包括数个沿所述边缘延伸方向相间设置的数个模凸齿组成，在同一所述突出部上相邻两所述模凸齿之间的间距适于相邻建筑模板上组成所述突出部的模凸齿沿所述嵌入方向上通过。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, there are respectively formed on the projection of the two adjacent template, said projecting portion extending along a direction from said edge view, corresponding to the adjacent building module projecting portions overlap each other in the direction of movement of the insert; the projecting portion comprises a plurality of analog plurality of teeth extending in a direction along said edge spaced composition disposed adjacent the dies on the same projection the spacing between adjacent teeth adapted to mold the protruding portions of the teeth on the composition of buildings along the template by the engagement direction.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述模凸齿在所述边缘延伸方向的尺度与同一所述突出部上相邻两所述模凸齿之间的间距相同。 The spacing between two adjacent die teeth on the  I stand at an oblique angle building module according to the present invention, the mold teeth extending in the direction of the edge of the same dimension and the same projection.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述锁定件通过成型在所述边缘上的插槽设置在所述边缘上;所述插槽的形状适于保持所述锁定件沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，且限制其在其他方向上的运动;所述锁定件包括两个或两个以上沿所述边缘布置的锁定部，相应地相邻模板上的所述锁定面也为沿所述边缘布置的两个或两个以上;两所述锁定部之间的间距适于相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面在沿所述嵌入方向上通过，且两所述锁定面之间的间距也适于所述锁定部沿所述嵌入方向上通过。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, by forming the locking member disposed on the edge of the slot in said edge; said shaped slot adapted to hold the locking member in the edge extending direction of the slide, and is restrained from movement in the other direction; said locking member includes a locking portion along two or more edges of said arrangement, said adjacent on the template corresponding locking surface is also two or more disposed along said edge; said spacing between said two adjacent building module adapted locking portion locking surface by embedding in the direction along and between the two locking surfaces also suitable spacing along said locking portion by the engagement direction.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述锁定部与相邻模板上的所述模凸齿相互作用面上成型有在锁定过程中逐渐锁紧的锁紧斜面。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the interaction of locking teeth on the convex portion of the mold adjacent the mold surface forming a locking ramp gradually during locking the lock.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，至少在所述键凸起与相邻模板的模凸齿之一上在所述锁紧斜面锁定过程的初始接触段成型有与所述边缘之间的夹角大于所锁紧斜面的矫正斜面。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, at least one of said key projection and the adjacent die teeth template in the initial contact section of said locking ramp is formed with a locking process of the greater than the angle between the beveled edge of the locking ramp correction.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述凹槽非钩紧一侧侧壁与所述嵌入移动方向呈一夹角，使所述凹槽的开口大于底部。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the non-hooking groove sidewall and the side of the moving direction of the embedded form an angle, the opening of the groove is larger than the bottom.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述锁定件由分体的所述锁定部和驱动部，以及设置在所述锁定部和所述驱动部之间的至少一个传动结构构成，所述驱动机构驱动所述驱动部沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，通过所述传动结构带动所述锁定部伸入或退出所述锁定面，所述插槽的形状适于保持所述驱动部定沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，以及所述锁定部往相邻建筑模板上的所述锁定面的锁入方向移动。  In the opening half angle of the building module according to the present invention, the locking portion and the at least one drive transmission mechanism portion, and disposed between the locking portion and the driving portion is locked by the partition member body configuration, the drive mechanism drives the drive portion extending along the edge direction of the slide, the locking portion extending into or out of the locking plane through said drive transmission structure, the shape of the slot adapted to hold the drive predetermined portion extending along the edge direction of the slide, and the locking portion adjacent to the upper surface of the architectural template locked into the locking direction.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述传动结构包括成型在所述驱动部上的第一导向槽，以及一端连接在所述锁定部上，另一端插入所述第一导向槽上的第一导向销轴，或所述传动结构包括成型在所述锁定部上的第一导向槽，以及一端连接在所述驱动部上，另一端插入所述第一导向槽上的第一导向销轴，且所述第一导向槽为一向所述驱动机构所在侧倾斜的倾斜槽。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the transmission mechanism comprises a first guide groove formed on said driving portion, and one end connected to said locking portion, the other end into the first a first guide pin in the guide groove, or the transmission structure comprises a first guide groove formed on the locking portion, and an end connected to the driving portion, and the other end is inserted into the first guide groove a first guide pin, and the first guide groove to the side where the drive mechanism has been inclined grooves.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述拨动件为一个齿轮，所述齿轮的转轴垂直于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动结构为成型在所述锁定件上的直齿条。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the toggle member is a gear, said gear shaft disposed perpendicular to said edge; toggle the structure is formed in said locking member straight rack.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述拨动件为一个蜗杆，所述蜗杆的转轴平行于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动件为固定在所述锁定件上的拨动板。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the toggle element is a worm, the worm shaft is disposed parallel to said edge; said toggle member is secured to the locking member the toggle plate.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述驱动机构驱动所述锁定件沿所述边缘延伸方向的同时往相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面方向移动，所述锁定件与所述锁定件所在的建筑模板之间还设有导向结构，所述导向结构对所述锁定件往相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面方向移动导向。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the drive mechanism while the locking member extends along the edge adjacent to the moving direction of the building module locking surface direction, and said locking member the locking structure is also provided with a guide member located between the building module, guide the movement of the guide structure adjacent to said locking member locking surface direction construction template.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述拨动件为一个齿轮，所述齿轮的转轴垂直于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动结构为成型在所述锁定件上的扇形齿条;所述导向结构包括成型在所述锁定件上的第二导向槽，以及一端连接在所述建筑模板上，另一端穿过所述第二导向槽的第二导向销轴，所述第二导向槽与所述扇形齿条的走向基本一致，且所述第二导向槽为两端封闭的封闭槽或一端封闭，另一端延伸至所述锁定件的所述驱动机构所在侧边缘的开口槽。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the toggle member is a gear, said gear shaft disposed perpendicular to said edge; toggle the structure is formed in said locking member sector rack; said guide structure comprises a guide groove formed on a second member of the lock, and one end connected to the building on the template, the other end of the second guide pin through the second guide groove, towards the second guide groove and the rack segment substantially uniform, and the second guide groove is a groove closed at both ends or closed at one end closed, the other end extending to the side where the drive mechanism of the locking member the opening edge of the groove.
在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述锁定件由两个或两个以上的分锁定件层叠一体形成，至少一个所述分锁定件的一端形成所述锁定部。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the locking member from the two or more partial locking member formed integrally laminated, at least a fraction of said locking member is formed at one end of the locking portion.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述驱动机构的所述拨动件为一凸轮，所述凸轮的端面上成型有弧形的第三导向槽，所述被拨动件为连接在所述锁定件上的连接件，所述连接件的一端上设有适合插入所述导向槽内的第三导向销轴，且弧形的所述第三导向槽相对于所述凸轮的转动中心的半径呈逐渐变大或逐渐变小趋势设置。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the toggle mechanism the driving member is a cam, said cam end face forming a third arcuate guide groove, said toggle being member is a connection member on the locking member, provided for inserting the guide groove of the guide pin on one end of the third connecting member, and said third arcuate guide groove in respect to the rotation center of the cam radius was gradually becomes gradually smaller or larger tendency settings.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，至少在临近所述浇筑面的所述凹槽的靠近所述浇筑面的一侧侧壁上成型有沿所述边缘方向延伸的密封槽，一个密封条嵌合在所述密封槽中。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, on at least one side wall adjacent the casting surface of the groove surface close to the pouring of the molding with a seal groove extending along said edge direction , a seal fitted in said seal groove.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述插槽背向相邻模板的侧壁上成型有一个开口；所述驱动机构靠近所述插槽设置，并通过所述开口作用于所述锁定件，驱动所述锁定件在所述插槽中往返移动，所述被动结构设置在所述锁定件朝向所述开口的部分上。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the slot facing away from the adjacent side wall formed with an opening on the template; the drive mechanism is provided adjacent to the slot, and through the opening action to the locking member, said locking member driven to reciprocate in the slot, the passive structure is provided on said locking member toward the opening portion.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，所述转轴通过一个筒形壳体设置在所述建筑模板上，所述壳体架在所述浇筑面与所述外侧面上并固定，所述壳体朝向所述所述插槽的部分敞开，以使所述拨动件作用于所述锁定件。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, the rotary shaft by a cylindrical casing disposed in the building module, the housing and fixed to the frame surface and the outer surface of the pouring the housing toward the open portion of the slot, so that the toggle member acting on the locking member.
 在本发明的斜角企口建筑模板中，还设有适于封闭所述壳体端部的内端盖及外端盖，所述内端盖及所述外端盖盖合后其表面与所述浇筑面或与所述外侧面的外侧面平齐。  In the opening half angle building module according to the present invention, it is also provided with an inner cap and an outer cap adapted to close the end of the housing, after the inner cap and the outer cap cover- the surface of the casting surface or flush with the outer side of the outer side surface.
本发明的上述技术方案相比现有技术具有以下优点：  The technical solution of the present invention has the following advantages over the prior art:
 1、本发明的这种特殊结构的斜角企口不仅能使两相邻建筑实现180度的平板连接，也能实现90度的直角连接，当然，根据需要还可以实现其他角度的连接，而且建筑模板之一的浇筑面呈一夹角的嵌入移动方向的移动与相邻建筑模板嵌入配合，通过锁定结构将两相邻的建筑模板在嵌入移动方向上锁定这种结构，相对现有技术的建筑模板能够实现快速拆装连接，从而不仅提高了现场施工效率，更重要的锁定件不是现有技术中的几个点锁定，而是在长度方向上的条形锁定，因此拼接处受力强度均衡，连接强度比现有技术高，不低于一块整体平板的强度。  1, oblique tongue and groove of this particular structure of the present invention not only can implement two adjacent building panel connector 180 degrees can be realized degree right-angle connector 90, of course, necessary, other angles may also be implemented connection, and with the embedded template construction, by locking the two adjacent structural building module is embedded in the structure of such locking moving direction of the moving direction of the casting-section embedded in one building module an angle with the adjacent, opposite now art building module enables fast disassembly, thereby not only improving the efficiency of the construction site, more importantly, the prior art locking member is not locked in several points, but the locking bar in the longitudinal direction, and therefore splice sTRENGTH balanced bonding strength higher than in the prior art, a strength of not less than the entire plate.
 2、在本发明中，至少在临近所述浇筑面的所述凹槽的靠近所述浇筑面的一侧侧壁上成型有沿所述边缘方向延伸的密封槽，一个密封条嵌合在所述密封槽中，密封条的设置能够防止在浇筑时，泥浆渗透至两建筑模板的拼接缝内，导致两拼接的建筑模板粘结一体不可拆卸，特别是在临近所述浇筑面和临近外侧面处均设置一个密封槽条时，还可以在浇筑面磨损后，启用外侧面作为新的浇筑面使用，从而延长了建筑模板的使用寿命。  2, in the present invention, the shaped seal groove extending along said edge on said at least one side wall of the groove adjacent to the casting surface of the casting adjacent to the surface of a sealing strip fitted engaged in the seal groove, the sealing strip is provided can be prevented during casting, the slurry penetrate into two seam construction template, resulting in template construction integrally bonding two non-removable splice, particularly in the casting surface adjacent to the when the outer sides and are arranged adjacent to a sealing strip groove, also after pouring surface wear, an outer side surface as to enable the new casting surface, thus extending the life of the construction template.
 3、在本发明中，锁紧斜面、矫正斜面的设置是为了确保两相邻模块之间扣合平整， 实现拼接处无缝连接，从而显著提高建筑模板的质量。  3, in the present invention, the locking ramp, slope correction is provided to ensure smooth engagement between two adjacent modules, to achieve seamless splice connector, thereby significantly improve the quality of construction template.
 4、在本发明中，建筑模板靠近浇筑面的边缘处，以及靠近外侧面的边缘处设置有密封圈，另外浇筑面上设有与浇筑面平齐的内端盖、外侧面上设有与外侧面平齐的外端盖， 从而使得本发明的建筑模板的外侧面在浇筑面损坏后也可以充当浇筑面使用，即本发明的建筑模板具有双浇筑面，从而提高了本发明的建筑模板的使用寿命。  4, in the present invention, the template close to the edge of the pouring surface of the building, and close to the outer edge of the side surface is provided with a sealing ring, provided with an inner additional cap and pouring the casting surface was flush outer surface It provided with an outer side surface flush with the outer cap, so that the outer side of the building module according to the present invention, after pouring the casting surface may also act as surface damage use, i.e., the present invention has the template architecture dual pouring surface, thereby increasing the invention life building template.
 5、在本发明中，锁定件可以设置成一体成型式，也可以设置成多个分锁定件的组合形式，多个分锁定件的组合形式更易于锁定件上齿轮的加工成型，而且其中一个分锁定件破损，而可以仅仅对该破损的分锁定件进行更换，因此，更为经济。  5, in the present invention, the locking member may be provided integrally-formed type, may also be provided into a plurality of lock combination elements, in the form of a combination of a plurality of points of the locking member the locking member molding process easier on the gear, and one of the points locking member is damaged, but the damage may be only partial locking member to be replaced, therefore, more economical.
附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION
为了使本发明的内容更容易被清楚的理解，下面根据本发明的具体实施例并结合附图，对本发明作进一步详细的说明，其中  In order to make the present invention understood more readily apparent, according to the following particular embodiments of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, of the present invention will be further described in detail, wherein
图1是本发明的斜角企口建筑模板实施例1的分解图；  FIG. 1 is an exploded view of a half opening angle of the building module according to the present embodiment of the invention;
图2是实施例1中设有驱动机构的建筑模板的半剖立体图；  FIG 2 is a half cross-sectional perspective view of Example 1 is provided with a drive mechanism building module embodiment;
图3是驱动机构的分解图；  FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the drive mechanism;
图4是实施例1的两建筑模板拼接的剖视图；  FIG. 4 is a sectional view of two building splice template of Example 1 of the embodiment;
图5具有实施例1中的企口结构运用于90度夹角的建筑模板上的示意图；  FIG 5 having a tongue and groove structure in Example 1 a schematic view of the 90 degree angle on the template used in the building;
图6是实施例2的两建筑模板拼接的剖视图；  FIG. 6 is a sectional view of two building splice template of the second embodiment;
图7是实施例2中的锁定件的俯视图；  FIG. 7 is a plan view of the locking member in Example 2;
图8实施例3中的两建筑模板拼接的立体图； A perspective view of two construction template splicing in 3  Example 8;
图9是实施例4的两建筑模板拼接的剖视图；  FIG. 9 is a sectional view of two building splice template of Example 4;
图1〇是实施例4中的分锁定件与齿轮哨合的俯视图；  FIG 1〇 minutes in Example 4 is a plan view of the gear member engaging a locking post embodiment;
图11是是实施例5的两建筑模板拼接的剖视图；  FIG. 11 is a sectional view splicing two building module of Example 5;
图12是实施例5的分锁定件与齿轮啮合处于锁出位置的俯视图；  FIG. 12 is a sub-embodiment of embodiment 5 with the locking member in the locked gear position of a top view;
图13实施例5的分锁定件与齿轮啮合处于退回位置的俯视图；  FIG 13 minutes in Example 5 with the locking member in a plan view of gear retracted position;
图14是实施例6的具有另一企口形状的建筑模板的拼接示意图；  FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the splice template has a further construction shape inro Example 6;
图15是实施例7的具有另一企口形状的建筑模板的拼接示意图；  FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the splice template has a further construction shape inro Example 7;
图16是实施例8的具有另一种结构形式的驱动结构的示意图。  FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of a structure of another embodiment of the driving mechanism of the eighth embodiment.
图中附图标记表示为：卜浇筑面、2-外侧面、3_锁定件、4-锁定面、5-凹槽、6-凸起、 7_驱动机构、8_突出部、9_模凸齿、10-锁定部、11-密封槽、12-锁紧斜面、13-矫正斜面、14-驱动部、15-第一导向槽、16-第一导向销轴、17-第二导向槽、18-第二导向销轴、19-分锁定件、20-齿轮、21-直齿条、22-壳体、23-内端盖、24-外端盖、25-密封条、29-轴向定位套、30-扇形齿条、31-凸轮、32-第三导向槽、33-连接件、34-第三导向销轴。  reference numerals as in FIG: Bu pouring surface, 2 outer side, the locking member 3_, 4 locking surfaces, the groove 5-, 6- projections 7_ drive mechanism, 8_ projecting portion, 9_ die teeth, the locking portions 10-, 11- seal groove, the locking ramp 12-, 13- straightening inclined surfaces, 14 a drive unit, a first guide groove 15, 16 of the first guide pin, 17-second two guide grooves, the second guide pin 18, 19 minutes locking member, the gear 20, the straight rack 21, 22 of the housing, the cap 23-, 24- outer end cap, the sealing strip 25, axially positioning sleeve 29-, 30- fan rack cam 31-, 32- third guide groove, connecting member 33, the third guide pin 34-.
具体实施方式 Detailed ways
 以下结合附图，对本发明的具体方案进行解释说明。  conjunction with the drawings, a specific embodiment of the present invention will be explained. FIG.
 实施例1  Example 1
 如图1 -5所示，本实施例的一种斜角企口建筑模板，具有 浇筑面1及与所述浇筑面1相对设置的外侧面2;  As shown in FIG. 1-5 A template oblique tongue and groove construction of the present embodiment has an outer side surface 2  1 and the pouring surface of the pouring surface disposed opposite 1;
 企口结构，成型于所述浇筑面1与所述外侧面2之间的连接边缘，所述企口结构包括嵌合结构，所述嵌合结构适于通过在与所述边缘及两相互拼合的建筑模板之一的浇筑面1呈一夹角的嵌入移动方向的移动与相邻建筑模板嵌入配合，所述嵌合结构限制所述边缘与相邻建筑模板的相对边缘在垂直于所述边缘及嵌入移动方向的方向上分离；以及 锁定结构，包括可动地且在嵌入移动方向上不可移动地设置在所述边缘上的锁定件3,及在相邻模板对应边缘上设置的锁定面4,所述锁定件3通过成型在所述边缘上的插槽设置在所述边缘上，所述插槽的形状适于保持所述锁定件沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，且限制其在其他方向上的运动;在非锁定状态，所述锁定件3的锁定部10与相邻模板上的所述锁定面4之间在所述嵌入移动方向上的移动不相互干涉;且在两相邻建筑模  The tongue and groove structure formed on the casting surface 1 and the connector 2 between the lateral side edge, said fitting structure comprises a tongue and groove configuration, the fitting structure is adapted to the edge and by each one of the two surfaces of the pouring split architecture template 1 has fitted the moving direction of a moving angle of an adjacent building module fitted with the fitting structure of the limiting edge of an adjacent building module opposite edges perpendicular to the the separation edge and the direction of the embedded moving direction; and  the locking structure includes a locking member 3 and can be embedded in the moving direction of the movably arranged immovably on the edge, and the corresponding edge of the adjacent module 4 provided on the locking surface, the locking member 3 on the edge, the shape of the slot adapted to hold the locking member extending in a direction along said edge formed by said slot is provided at the edge of the slide, and limit its movement in the other direction; in the unlocked state, the locking member on the locking portion 3 of the template 10 and the adjacent surface of the locking movement between the insert 4 in the moving direction do not interfere with each other; and two adjacent buildings in the mold 板配合后，经所述锁定件3的动作，使所述锁定部与相邻模板上相应的锁定面4之间相互啮合以将两相邻的建筑模板在所述嵌入移动方向上锁定。 After mating plate by the locking action of the member 3, the respective locking intermeshing to two adjacent building template locked on the embedded surface of the moving direction between the locking portion 4 and adjacent modules.
上述方案是本发明的核心方案，其中本发明的这种特殊结构的斜角企口不仅能使两相邻建筑实现180度的平板连接，也能实现90度的直角连接，当然，根据需要还可以实现其他角度的连接，而且建筑模板之一的浇筑面1呈一夹角的嵌入移动方向的移动与相邻建筑模板嵌入配合，通过锁定结构将两相邻的建筑模板在嵌入移动方向上锁定这种结构，相对现有技术的建筑模板能够实现快速拆装连接，从而不仅提高了现场施工效率，更重要的锁定件不是现有技术中的几个点锁定，而是在整个长度方向的条形锁定，因此，拼接处受力强度均衡，而且连接强度比现有技术高很多，相当于一体成型的建筑模板的强度。  The embodiment of the present invention is the core, wherein the angle of the tongue and groove of this particular structure of the present invention not only can implement two adjacent building panel connector 180 degrees can be realized degree right-angle connector 90, of course, movement may also be implemented as needed to connect to other angles, but pouring surface of one building module 1 has a moving direction of the angle fitted with the adjacent building templates with embedded, by locking two adjacent building structure built into a mobile template locking in the direction of this structure, relative to the prior art building templates enable quick detachable connectors, which not only improve the efficiency of the construction site, more importantly, the locking member is not prior art in several points locked, but in the entire length the locking direction of the strip, therefore, the splice strength balancing force, and the connection strength much higher than in the prior art, corresponding to the intensity of the integrally molded construction template.
进一步地，所述嵌合结构包括靠近所述浇筑面1并沿对应的边缘延伸设置的一凹槽5和一个凸起6,及靠近所述外侧面2并沿对应的边缘延伸设置的一个凸起6和一个凹槽5， 所述凹槽5与所述凸起6适于与相邻建筑模板上对应的凸起6及凹槽5配合嵌合，并且两者在平行于所述浇筑面1的投影不重合，所述凹槽5的深入方向及所述凸起6的突出方向平行于所述嵌入移动方向，所述凹槽5的开口方向与所述凸起6的突出方向相同；所述锁定件3或所述锁定面4设置在所述凹槽5与所述凸起6之间。  Further, the fitting structure comprising a surface adjacent to the casting and a groove 5 extending along the corresponding edge of a projection and 6, and close to the outer surface 2 and extend along the corresponding edge is provided a projection 6 and a recess 5, the recess and the projection 5 and the projection 6 is adapted to fit the fitting recess 5 and 6 corresponding to the building adjacent to the template, and both parallel to the pouring said projection surface 1 do not coincide, the groove depth direction 5 and projecting direction of the projections 6 parallel to the direction of movement of the insert, the opening of the recess 5 in the direction of the projection 6 projecting in the same direction; the locking surface of the locking member 3 or 4 is disposed in the recess 5 between the projections 6. 嵌合结构设置为凹槽5和凸起6的结合，不仅结构简单，易于成型，而且也易于嵌合。 Fitting structure is provided a groove 5 and projections 6 in combination, not only simple structure, ease of molding, but also easily fitted.
所述嵌入移动方向垂直于所述边缘及两相互拼合的建筑模板之一的浇筑面1。  surface of the insert casting direction perpendicular to the movement of one of the two edges and each one split architecture template. 进一步地，为了保证拼接更牢固，所述锁定面4设置在所述凹槽5与所述凸起6之间成型的沿所述边缘延伸的突出部8上。 Further, in order to ensure more secure splice, the locking projection 4 provided on the surface of the recess 5 formed between the projections 6 extending along the upper edge 8.
[00M]两相邻所述模板上分别成型有所述突出部8,所述突出部8从沿所述边缘延伸方向看，与相邻建筑模板上相应的突出部8在所述嵌入移动的方向上相互重叠;所述突出部8包括数个沿所述边缘延伸方向相间设置的数个模凸齿9组成，在同一所述突出部8上相邻两所述模凸齿9之间的间距适于相邻建筑模板上组成所述突出部8的模凸齿9沿所述嵌入方向上通过。 The template [00M] respectively forming with said adjacent two protruding portions 8, 8 extending from the projecting portion along the edge direction, the respective adjacent projecting portions 8 in the construction of the embedded template moves overlap each other in a direction; the projecting portion 8 comprising a plurality of molding a plurality of teeth 9 that extends along the edge direction of spaced apart, said two adjacent teeth on the mold the same between the protruding portions 9 8 adapted by the spacing of adjacent mold portion constituting the projection 9 projecting teeth 8 along the engagement direction construction template. 优选所述模凸齿9在所述边缘延伸方向的尺度与同一所述突出部8上相邻两所述模凸齿9之间的间距相同，所述锁定件3包括两个或两个以上沿所述边缘布置的锁定部10,相应地相邻模板上的所述锁定面4也为沿所述边缘布置的两个或两个以上;两所述锁定部10之间的间距适于相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面4在沿所述嵌入方向上通过，且两所述锁定面4之间的间距也适于所述锁定部10沿所述嵌入方向上通过。 Preferably the mold teeth 9 extending in the direction of the edge dimension of the projecting portion 8 of the same die two adjacent teeth of the same pitch between 9, the locking member 3 comprises two or more arranged along the edge portion 10 of the lock, the lock on the respective template or two adjacent faces 4 are also arranged in two along said edge above; spacing between the two locking portion 10 is adapted to the ortho construction template by locking surface 4 along the insert direction, and the spacing between the two locking surfaces of the locking portion 4 is also adapted to the insert 10 in the through direction.
所述锁定部10与相邻模板上的所述模凸齿9相互作用面上成型有在锁定过程中逐渐锁紧的锁紧斜面12。  The locking projection on the mold portion 10 adjacent template tooth shaped surface 9 interacts with a progressively during locking locking locking ramp 12. 该锁紧斜面12同时也起到锁定件3移动限位的作用。 The locking ramp 12 also functions to limit movement of the locking member 3. 此外，至少在所述键凸起与相邻模板的模凸齿9之一上在所述锁紧斜面12锁定过程的初始接触段成型有与所述边缘之间的夹角大于所锁紧斜面12的矫正斜面13,该矫正斜面13的设置是为了保证在两建筑模板没有完全扣合时，可以将两模板拉紧在一起实现所需的配合。 Further, at least on the key projection 9 and the adjacent one of the template in the mold teeth 12 to lock the locking ramp during initial contact with a section forming an angle between the edge and is greater than the locking ramp 13, setting the slope correction straightening inclined surfaces 12 13 is to ensure that the two construction template is not completely buckle timely, two templates can be tightened together to achieve the desired fit. 所述凹槽5非钩紧一侧侧壁与所述嵌入移动方向呈一夹角，使所述凹槽5的开口大于底部，能够使两拼接的建筑模板嵌合得更紧密牢固。 The non-hooking groove 5 side sidewall and the moving direction form an angle insert so that said recess is larger than the bottom opening 5, so that the two splice construction can be fitted more tightly secure the template. 锁紧斜面12、矫正斜面13,是为了确保两相邻模块之间扣合平整，实现拼接处无缝连接，从而显著提高建筑模板的质量。 Locking ramp 12, ramp 13 correction, in order to ensure smooth engagement between two adjacent modules, to achieve seamless splice connector, thereby significantly improve the quality of construction template.
为了防止在浇筑时，泥浆渗透至两建筑模板的拼接缝内，导致两拼接的建筑模板粘结一体不可拆卸，本发明的建筑模板至少在临近所述浇筑面丨的所述凹槽5的靠近所述浇筑面1的一侧侧壁上成型有沿所述边缘方向延伸的密封槽11，一个密封条25嵌合在所述密封槽11中。  In order to prevent the pouring, the slurry penetrate into two building module inseam fight, leading to splice two building templates integrally bonded non-removable, template construction according to the invention the recess in the adjacent casting surface at least Shu 5 grooves adjacent to said pouring surface forming a seal groove extending along said edge 11, a seal 25 fitted in the seal groove 11 on one side wall 1. 当然，优选在临近所述浇筑面1和临近外侧面2处各设置一个密封条25，这样在原有的浇筑面1磨损后，还可以启用外侧面2作为新的浇筑面1使用，从而延长了本发明的建筑模板的使用寿命。 Of course, preferably adjacent the casting surface and an adjacent outer side of the sealing strip 2 of each set 25 a, so that after the original pouring wear surface 1, 2 may also be used to enable the outer side surface 1 as a new pouring, thereby prolonging the life building template of the present invention.
 所述插槽背向相邻模板的侧壁上成型有一个开口；所述驱动机构7靠近所述插槽设置，并通过所述开口作用于所述锁定件3，驱动所述锁定件3在所述插槽中往返移动，所述被动结构设置在所述锁定件3朝向所述开口的部分上。  The slot facing away from the adjacent side wall forming an opening of the template; the drive mechanism 7 is provided adjacent to the slot, and through the opening to act on said locking member 3, the lock driving reciprocating member 3 in the slot, the passive structure is provided on the opening portion of the locking member 3 towards the.
 为了方便有效地驱动所述锁定件3，本发明的建筑模板内还设有驱动所述锁定件3 动作的驱动机构7。  In order to facilitate efficiently drive the locking member 3, the building is also provided with the template of the present invention the driving mechanism 7 of the locking member 3 is operated. 优选所述驱动机构7的结构为:包括一个带有驱动结构的拨动件;所述拨动件通过转轴转动地设置在所述建筑模板上，所述拨动件的一端与所述转轴固定连接，所述拨动件的另一端作用在设置于所述锁定件3上的被拨动结构上。 Preferably, the structure of the drive mechanism 7 is: a drive member comprises a dial with structure; the dial via a shaft member rotatably disposed on the template construction, one end of said shaft member fixed to the dial and the other end of the toggle member is in effect disposed in said locking structure is struck on three. 在本实施例丨中，所述拨动件为一个齿轮2〇,所述齿轮2〇的转轴垂直于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动结构为成型在所述锁定件3上的直齿条21。 In the present embodiment, Shu, the toggle member 2〇, the vertical shaft is disposed in said gear 2〇 edge of a gear; the linear structure is struck on the teeth 3 formed in the locking member Article 21.
 上述驱动机构7简单简凑，所占空间小，驱动锁定件方便，而且易于在建筑模板内布置。  The drive mechanism 7 Simple simple compact, small footprint, easy to drive the locking member, and easy to arrange in the construction template. 该驱动结构可以为成型在转轴中心的四方或内六角孔或其他多边型孔，通过工具插入孔内旋转驱动拨动件转动。 The drive structure may be formed in the center of the shaft tetragonal or hexagonal, or other polygonal bore hole, the tool insertion hole by the rotary drive member rotatable dial. 所述转轴通过一个筒形壳体22设置在所述建筑模板上，所述壳体22架在所述浇筑面1与所述外侧面2上并固定，所述壳体22朝向所述所述插槽的部分敞开，以使所述拨动件作用于所述锁定件3。 Said shaft by a cylindrical casing 22 is provided on the template construction, the housing 1 22 in the outer surface of the pouring surface 2 and fixed to the housing 22 toward the open portion of the slot, so that the toggle member acting on the locking member 3. 还设有适于封闭所述壳体22端部的内端盖23及外端盖24,壳体22两端的内端盖23和外端盖24的设置，可以使得工具既可以从打开的内端盖23所在端插入进行驱动，也可以从打开的外端盖24所在端插入进行驱动，同时，所述内端盖23及所述外端盖24盖合后其表面与所述浇筑面1或与所述外侧面2的外侧面2平齐，可以使内端盖23、外端盖24分别所在的浇筑面1和外侧面2均可充当浇筑面，即本发明的建筑模板具有双浇筑面。 Inner cap 22 is also provided with an end portion 24 adapted to close the housing and disposed within the end cap 22 cap 23 outer housing 23 and the outer ends of the end cap 24, so that the tool can be opened from both inside 23 where the end cap is inserted into the driving, 24 may be located from the open end into the outer cap is driven, while the inner cap 23 and outer cap 24 after the capping a surface of said pouring surface 1 or the outer surface flush with the outer side 2 of 2, the inner cap 23 can, pouring an outer surface of each end cap 24 and an outer side surface located can serve as a casting surface 2, i.e. the template construction according to the invention having a double pouring surface. 另外，在齿轮20端面与外端盖24之间还设置有对齿轮20进行轴向定位的轴向定位套29。 Further, the face gear 20 and between the outer cover 24 is also provided with a gear 20 which is axially positioned axially positioning sleeve 29.
 如图5所示为一直角建筑模板，该直角建筑模板的两端的连接接口即采用了本发明的斜角企口的直角模板。  As shown in FIG. 5 is a right angle template construction, both ends of the connection interface, i.e., at right angles to the building using a template the template at right angles to the mouth of the half angle of the present invention. 该直角模板的的表面上同时还可以设置花纹等进行装饰，当然， 在其他形状的建筑模板上也可以采用本发明的这种特殊结构的斜角企口结构。 Also other patterns may be provided on the surface of the angle template is decorated, of course, the template in the construction of other shapes may be oblique tongue and groove structure of this particular structure of the present invention is employed.
 实施例2  Example 2
 如图6和7所示，本实施例2与实施例1的不同之处在于:锁定面4的形成，以及插槽的形状，锁定件3的结构不同，在本实施例2中，锁定面4为形成在相邻建筑模板的边缘上的凹槽，所述锁定件3由分体的所述锁定部10和驱动部14,以及设置在所述锁定部10和所述驱动部14之间的至少一个传动结构构成，所述驱动机构7驱动所述驱动部14沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，通过所述传动结构带动所述锁定部10伸入或退出所述锁定面4,所述插槽的形状适于保持所述驱动部14定沿所述边缘延伸方向滑动，以及所述锁定部10往相邻建筑模板上的所述锁定面4的锁入方向移动。  6 and 7, the second embodiment differs from the embodiment 1 in that: the locking surface 4 is formed, and the shape of the slot, the locking member 3 of different structures, in the present embodiment 2 the locking surface 4 a groove on the edge of an adjacent building module is formed, the locking member 3 is locked by the split portion 10 and the drive unit 14, and the locking portion 10 is provided and said drive unit at least one transmission structure 14 constituted between the drive means 7 drives the drive portion 14 along the edge extending direction of the slide, driven by the drive portion 10 of the locking structure extending into or out of the locking surface 4, the shape of the slot 14 is adapted to maintain constant along the edge extending direction of the slide drive portion, and the locking portion 10 adjacent to the locking surface 4 on the building module into the locking direction.
 在本实施例中，所述传动结构包括成型在所述锁定部10上的第一导向槽15,以及一端连接在所述驱动部14上，另一端插入所述第一导向槽15上的第一导向销轴16,且所述第一导向槽15为一向所述驱动机构7所在侧倾斜的倾斜槽。  In the present embodiment, the transmission mechanism comprises a locking portion formed on the guide groove 10 of the first 15, and one end connected to the driving unit 14, and the other end is inserted into the first guide groove 15 a first guide pin 16 on, and the first guide groove 15 of the drive mechanism 7 is always located side inclined groove. 当然也可以这样设置，所述传动结构包括成型在所述驱动部14上的第一导向槽15,以及一端连接在所述锁定部10上，另一端插入所述第一导向槽15上的第一导向销轴16。 Of course also be arranged such that the transmission comprises a molded structure 15, and the end of the first guide groove 14 on the driving portion connected to the locking portion 10, on the other end inserted into the first guide groove 15 of the first a guide pin 16. 其原理是一致的。 The principle is the same. 在本实施例中，所述拨动件为一个齿轮20，所述齿轮20的转轴垂直于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动结构为成型在所述驱动部14上的直齿条21。 In the present embodiment, the toggle member is a gear 20, the gear shaft 20 is disposed perpendicular to said edge; the toggle structure is formed on the driving portion 14 of the linear rack 21.
 实施例2相对于实施例1，无需在建筑模板上成型若干相间设置的模凸齿9,也无需在锁定件3上形成若干相间设置的锁定部10,因此，建筑模板的结构更为简单，易于成型。  Example 2 relative to Example 1, without forming die teeth plurality of spaced apart 9 in architectural template, and without the locking member the locking portion 10 a plurality of spaced apart form a 3, and therefore, the structure building module more For simplicity, ease of molding.
 实施例3  Example 3
 如图8所示，本实施例3与实施例1的不同之处在于:锁定面4为形成在相邻建筑模板的边缘上的凹槽，所述驱动机构7驱动所述锁定件3沿所述边缘延伸方向的同时往相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面4方向移动，所述锁定件3与所述锁定件3所在的建筑模板之间还设有导向结构，所述导向结构对所述锁定件3往相邻建筑模板的所述锁定面4方向移动导向。  As shown in FIG. 8, the present Example 3 Example 1 except that: the locking surface 4 a groove in the upper edge of an adjacent building module is formed, the drive mechanism 7 driving said locking member 3 while the direction extending along the edges of adjacent building module into a locking movement direction of the surface 4, the locking member and the locking member 3 is also provided with a guide structure between the building in which the template 3, the guide structure moving the guide toward the locking member 3 adjacent building module 4 locking direction of the surface. 所述拨动件为一个齿轮20,所述齿轮20的转轴垂直于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动结构为成型在所述锁定件3上的扇形齿条30;所述导向结构包括成型在所述锁定件3上的第二导向槽17,以及一端连接在所述建筑模板上，另一端穿过所述第二导向槽17的第二导向销轴18,所述第二导向槽17与所述扇形齿条30的走向基本一致，且所述第二导向槽17为两端封闭的封闭槽。 The toggle member 20, the gear shaft 20 is disposed perpendicular to said edge of a gear; the structure is formed in the toggle locking segment 30 on the rack 3; molding the guide structure comprises the second locking member 17 in the guide groove 3, and one end connected to the building on the template, and the other end through the second guide groove 17 of the second guide pin 18, the second guide groove 17 Trend substantially coincides with the sector rack 30, and the second guide groove 17 is closed at both ends closed groove.
 实施例4  Example 4
 如图9和10所示，本实施例4与实施例3的不同之处在于:锁定件3包括两个分锁定件19,同时，锁足部1〇成型在其中一个分锁定件上。 As shown in  FIGS. 9 and 10, the present embodiment 4 as in Example 3 except that: the locking member 3 comprises two partial locking member 19, while the lock in which a shaped foot 1〇 partial locking member on. 锁定件3由两个或两个以上的分锁定件19构成，可以解决锁定件3作为整体，厚度较厚，不容易在其上加工齿形的问题，此外j作为分锁定件19,其中一个坏了仅需更换坏的分锁定件19,因此，更经济。 3 by a lock member two or more partial locking member 19 is configured, the locking member 3 can be solved as a whole, thicker, which is not easy in the machining tooth problems, in addition to the locking member 19 as a sub-j, wherein a just replace the bad bad points locking member 19, and therefore more economical. 在本实施例中，所述第二导向槽17为一端封闭，另一端延伸至所述锁定件3的所述驱动机构7所在侧边缘的开口槽，这样设置，可以在不取出第二导向销轴I8时，也可以将分锁定件19拆卸下来。 In the present embodiment, the second guide groove 17 is closed at one end and the other end extends to the opening slot of the drive mechanism part 3 7 side where the locking edges, arranged such, may not be removed in the second guide pin the shaft I8, may be divided locking member 19 is detached.
 实施例5  Example 5
如图11-13所示，本实施例5与与实施例3的不同之处在于:将实施例3中的锁定件3 分为三个分锁定件19层叠一体形成，锁定部10由三个分锁定件19共同形成。  As shown in FIG 11-13, the present embodiment 5 differs from that of Example 3: Example 3 of the locking member 3 is divided into three sub-locking member 19 is formed integrally laminated, the embodiment of the locking portion 10 three points together form the locking member 19. 当然，锁定件3 可以分为两个，四个、五个或多个分锁定件19。 Of course, the locking member 3 can be divided into two, four, five or more partial locking member 19.
 实施例6  Example 6
 如图14所示，本实施例6与实施例1不同之处是在本实施例中，无需设置驱动机构， 在相邻建筑模板拼接后，往插槽内直接打入锁定件3进行锁定。  14, Example 6 differs from Example 1 in the present embodiment of the present embodiment, without providing a drive mechanism, after the splice template adjacent buildings, directly into the slot to the locking member 3 lock.
 实施例7  Example 7
如图15所示，本实施例7与实施例6不同之处是:实施例7中的两相邻建筑模板嵌合拼接时，两建筑模板上突出部8不会相互干涉，因此，无需像实施例6中，需要将突出部8设置为具有多个相间设置的模凸齿9结构，以保证两建筑模板能够无阻碍的嵌合，因此，本实施例7结构形式的建筑模板结构更简单，成型更容易。  Figure 15, Example 7 differs from the embodiment 6 of the present embodiment is: Example 7 when two adjacent building module fitted splice embodiment, the protruding portions 8 do not interfere with each other on both construction template, so without as in Example 6, the protruding portion needs to be 8 to 9 having a plurality of spaced teeth arranged structure of the die to ensure that the two building module unobstructed fitting, therefore, template building structure of the present embodiment 7 of a simpler structure, easier molding.
 实施例8  Example 8
 如图16所示，本实施例8与实施例1的区别在于驱动机构设置的有所不同，在本实施例8中，所述驱动机构的所述拨动件为一凸轮31，所述凸轮31的端面上成型有弧形的第三导向槽32,所述被拨动件为连接在所述锁定件3上的连接件33,所述连接件33的一端上设有适合插入所述第三导向槽32内的第三导向销轴34。 As shown in  16, the present Example 8 Example 1 is that the difference between the different drive mechanisms provided in the present embodiment 8, the toggle mechanism the driving member is a cam 31, the end face cam 31 has an arcuate shaped third guide groove 32, the toggle member being connected to the locking member 33 on the connecting member 3, the connecting member 33 is provided with an end adapted to be inserted the third guide groove 32, the third guide pin 34. 弧形的第三导向槽32相对于凸轮31的转动中心的半径呈逐渐变大或逐渐变小趋势设置，通过转动过程中，第三导向槽32对第三导向销轴34的作用，驱动锁定件3往锁入和退出所述锁定面4的反向往返移动。 A third arcuate guide groove 32 with respect to the radius of the center of rotation of the cam 31 was gradually becomes gradually smaller or larger tendency provided by rotation, the action of the third guide groove 32 of the third guide pin 34, locking the drive to lock member 3 into and out of said locking counter surface 4 reciprocates.
 当然，所述拨动件还可以为一个蜗杆，所述蜗杆的转轴平行于所述边缘设置;所述被拨动件为固定在所述锁定件3上的拨动板。  Of course, the toggle member may also be a worm, the worm shaft is disposed parallel to said edge; said toggle member is fixed on toggle plate 3 of the locking member.
显然，上述实施例仅仅是为清楚地说明所作的举例，而并非对实施方式的限定。  Clearly, the above-described embodiments are merely made to clearly illustrate example, and not limited to the embodiment. 对于所属领域的普通技术人员来说，在上述说明的基础上还可以做出其它不同形式的变化或变动。 Those of ordinary skill in the art, on the basis of the above described variations or changes may be made in various other forms. 这里无需也无法对所有的实施方式予以穷举。 It is unnecessary and can not be exhaustive of all embodiments. 而由此所引伸出的显而易见的变化或变动仍处于本发明创造的保护范围之中。 The obvious changes or variations therefrom corollary is still in the scope of the inventions.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410497227.1A CN105442831B (en)||2014-09-25||2014-09-25||One kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410497227.1A CN105442831B (en)||2014-09-25||2014-09-25||One kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN105442831A CN105442831A (en)||2016-03-30|
|CN105442831B true CN105442831B (en)||2018-05-04|
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|CN201410497227.1A CN105442831B (en)||2014-09-25||2014-09-25||One kind of oblique tongue and groove construction template|
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Family Cites Families (9)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|DE20121196U1 (en) *||2001-12-04||2002-05-29||Kronotec Ag||Building board, in particular floor panel|
|DE602004010914T3 (en) *||2004-10-22||2011-07-07||Välinge Innovation AB||Set of floor panels|
|DE102007042250B4 (en) *||2007-09-06||2010-04-22||Flooring Technologies Ltd.||Means for connecting and locking two structural panels, in particular floor panels|
|DE102010004717A1 (en) *||2010-01-15||2011-07-21||Pergo (Europe) Ab||Set of panels comprising holding profiles with a separate clip, and methods for introducing the clips|
|CN201850754U (en) *||2010-07-12||2011-06-01||王亚运||Precise building template system|
|CN201865333U (en) *||2010-08-02||2011-06-15||王亚运||Plastic building template|
|CN202500323U (en) *||2012-03-27||2012-10-24||滨州市博远模板有限公司||Novel splicing structure|
|CN203175033U (en) *||2013-04-19||2013-09-04||朱文娟||Fast-combination mounting framework|
|CN204282806U (en) *||2014-09-25||2015-04-22||能诚集团有限公司||Oblique-angle rabbet building template|
- 2014-09-25 CN CN201410497227.1A patent/CN105442831B/en active IP Right Grant
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