CN105442697B - Floater catching apparatus - Google Patents

Floater catching apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105442697B
CN105442697B CN201510884173.9A CN201510884173A CN105442697B CN 105442697 B CN105442697 B CN 105442697B CN 201510884173 A CN201510884173 A CN 201510884173A CN 105442697 B CN105442697 B CN 105442697B
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China
Prior art keywords
filter
well
foot
screen bag
screen
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Application number
CN201510884173.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105442697A (en
Inventor
李习洪
周超
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WUHAN MEIHUA YUSHUI ENVIRONMENT CO., LTD.
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Wuhan Meihua Yushui Environment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510884173.9A priority Critical patent/CN105442697B/en
Publication of CN105442697A publication Critical patent/CN105442697A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/14Devices for separating liquid or solid substances from sewage, e.g. sand or sludge traps, rakes or grates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of floater catching apparatus, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe including well body and well body front and back end, it is characterized in that, also include from the foot wall and opening of the bottom up extension formation of well body one or more Filter-screen bags facing forward, the Filter-screen bag is located above foot wall, the foot wall, which is provided with, can make the movable connection structure that Filter-screen bag moves up, and the supporting construction of porous is provided with below the Filter-screen bag, the foot wall upper surface is less than or flushed in water inlet pipe lower surface.The present invention is simple in construction, easy to use, and the floating object and particulate matter of rainwater are handled by way of gravitational settling and floating object intercept combination, and the pretreatment before the main pipe of city or storm sewer are entered suitable for rainwater to the pretreatment before natural water discharge.

Description

Floater catching apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to rainwater preconditioning technique field, in particular to a kind of floater catching apparatus.
Background technology
With the fast development of urbanization, the non-point pollution as caused by rainfall runoff is increasingly becoming urban water-body pollutant Important sources.Pollutant in city rainfall runoff is mainly derived from wet deposition and city caused by precipitation elution atmosphere pollution The leaching of city's impermeable surface pollutant washes away, and the latter accounts for more than the 90% of rainwater runoff pollution thing total amount.Particulate matter is city The main carriers of city's impermeable surface pollutant, such as:Atmospheric sedimentation, vehicle exhaust, tire wear, Snow Agent, construction site On the particulate matter such as deposit, solid refuse and percolate contain a large amount of pollutants (COD, nutrients, organic matter, heavy metal, Pathogen etc.), it finally will all elute in rainwater, be migrated under souring into receiving water body, and its ecological environment be produced tight Endanger again.
Particulate matter in rainfall runoff also results in the rise of receiving water body turbidity, it is generally recognized that particulate matter is composing environment water The potential component of body water quality deterioration.In addition, particulate matter enters meeting after urban drainage pipeline system under rainfall runoff souring Deposition is produced in pipeline, forms pipeline sediment pollution and effectiveness factors.
Therefore, rainwater drops to ground and forms runoff, can contain particle and the floating objects such as substantial amounts of silt, if not to rainwater In particulate matter and floating object carry out intercept process be just exhausted directly to natural water, natural water will be polluted, at present The disposal options using strainer filtering most to rainwater, rainwater is subjected to simple filtering and pre-processed, but this strainer filtering Mode can be brought the problem of a lot:1st, filter screen may block, and hinder the discharge of rainwater to cause the waterlogging in city.2nd, floating object blocks Do not collected but after cutting, cleaning is inconvenient.
The content of the invention
Present invention aim to solve the deficiency of above-mentioned background technology, there is provided floating object intercepts dress in a kind of rainwater Put, the floating object of interception can be collected, and can guarantee that rainwater discharges under big flow rainwater, avoid causing waterlogging.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of floater catching apparatus, including the water inlet pipe of well body and well body front and back end and Outlet pipe, it is characterised in that also include from the foot wall and opening of the bottom up extension formation of well body one or more facing forward Filter-screen bag, the Filter-screen bag are located above foot wall, and the foot wall, which is provided with, can make the flexible connection that Filter-screen bag moves up Structure, the Filter-screen bag lower section are provided with the supporting construction of porous, and the foot wall upper surface is less than or flushed under water inlet pipe Surface.
Preferably, the movable connection structure includes rectangular foundation frame corresponding with each Filter-screen bag, the Filter-screen bag opening It is corresponding to be connected on basic frame, the foot wall upper end be provided with it is corresponding with each basic frame both sides, be open be oppositely arranged it is vertical into To U-shaped guide groove, the basic frame both sides between corresponding guide groove with being slidably connected.
Further, the basic frame is provided with annular groove, and the Filter-screen bag opening is provided with raised ring edge, institute State ring edge to be located in annular groove, strip pressing plate is set at the annular groove notch, strip pressing plate is fixed on by bolt On basic frame.
Further, the basic frame upper end is provided with suspension ring.
Preferably, the supporting construction includes the knee wall positioned at foot wall rear, is set above the foot wall, knee wall There is web plate, the Filter-screen bag is supported on web plate.
Further, the knee wall laterally sets along well body and is connected with well body both lateral sides;The knee wall upper end Middle concave part is into side overflow mouth.
Preferably, scum silica frost barricade is provided with front of the foot wall, the scum silica frost barricade is to extend shape from well body top down Into the scum silica frost barricade lower end is highly between Filter-screen bag upper and lower surface.
Further, the scum silica frost barricade laterally sets along well body and is connected with well body both lateral sides.
Preferably, the foot wall laterally sets along well body and is connected with well body both lateral sides.
Further, when Filter-screen bag is multiple, lateral separation is provided with dividing wall, each Filter-screen bag on the foot wall Correspond between adjacent banks or close between dividing wall and the well body of well body side.
Preferably, multiple openable well lids are provided with the top of the well body, the well lid is three, is separately positioned on scum silica frost Directly over barricade front, Filter-screen bag sack and Filter-screen bag rear.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. floating object is intercepted and collected using Filter-screen bag, Filter-screen bag is one or more, and each Filter-screen bag is independent Movable connection structure make Filter-screen bag using more efficient, change also very convenient.
2. the mode for employing scum silica frost barricade and Filter-screen bag combination removes floating object, drift also can be effectively intercepted in big flow Float, while the safety of rainfall flood passage can be ensured.
3. it is simple in construction, it is easy to use, to the floating object of rainwater by way of gravitational settling and floating object intercept combination Handled with particulate matter, before the pretreatment or storm sewer entered suitable for rainwater before the main pipe of city is discharged to natural water Pretreatment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention (vertical direction)
Fig. 2 is A-A sectional views in Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 1
Fig. 4 is enlarged drawing at C in Fig. 2
Wherein:1. the Filter-screen bag 7. of 5. foot wall of well body 2. water inlet pipe, 3. outlet pipe, 4. scum silica frost barricade 6. is flexibly connected The bolt of 8. supporting construction of structure, 9. 13. pressing plate of basic 10. guide groove of frame 11. annular groove, 12. ring edge 14. 15. the setscrew of 20. well lid of suspension ring 16. knee wall, 17. web plate, 18. overfall, 19. dividing wall 21..
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As Figure 1-4, floater catching apparatus of the invention, including well body 1 and entering respectively positioned at well body front and back end Water pipe 2 and outlet pipe 3, the usual height of outlet pipe 3 is is less than or flushed in the height of water inlet pipe 2, and outlet pipe 3 is highly flat in this implementation Together in the height of water inlet pipe 2;Also include the one or more Filter-screen bags 6 (the present embodiment is two) of foot wall 5 and opening forward, filter Mesh bag 6 is located at the top of foot wall 5, and foot wall 5, which is provided with, can make the movable connection structure 7 that Filter-screen bag 6 moves up, Filter-screen bag 6 Lower section is provided with the supporting construction 8 of porous;The upper surface of foot wall 5 is less than or flushed in the lower surface of water inlet pipe 2 (the present embodiment basis The upper surface of wall 5 flushes in the lower surface of water inlet pipe 2), the present invention in front and back end be Fig. 2 in left and right end, both lateral sides be Fig. 2 in up and down Side.
The front of foot wall 5 is provided with scum silica frost barricade 4, and scum silica frost barricade 4 is extends to be formed from well body top down, scum silica frost barricade 4 Lower end is highly between the upper and lower surface of Filter-screen bag 6, and the lower end of scum silica frost barricade 4 is slightly below the upper surface of water inlet pipe 2 in the present embodiment, floats Slag barricade 4 laterally sets along well body 1 and is connected with the both lateral sides of well body 1.
Foot wall 5 laterally sets along well body 1 and is connected with the both lateral sides of well body 1, the drainage bag 6 when drainage bag 6 is multiple It is horizontally arranged at interval on foot wall 5 along well body 1.The movable connection structure 7 of drainage bag 6 includes corresponding with each Filter-screen bag 6 each Rectangular foundation frame 9, basic frame 9 are provided with annular groove 11, and the opening of Filter-screen bag 6 is provided with raised ring edge 12, ring edge 12 in annular groove 11, strip pressing plate 13 is set at the notch of annular groove 11, strip pressing plate 13 is fixed on base by bolt 14 On plinth frame 9, the ring edge 12 of Filter-screen bag 6 is connected on basic frame 9 by the way that bolt 14 and strip pressing plate 13 are corresponding, basic frame 9 Upper end is provided with suspension ring 15.What the upper end of foot wall 5 was provided with that, opening corresponding with each basic both sides of frame 9 be oppositely arranged vertical paired U-shaped leads To groove 10, it is slidably connected between the basic both sides of frame 9 and corresponding guide groove 10.
When Filter-screen bag 6 is one, the well body 1 that corresponding a pair of U-shaped guide grooves 10 are directly anchored to the upper end of foot wall 5 is horizontal To on two side, when Filter-screen bag 6 is multiple, lateral separation is provided with dividing wall 19 on foot wall 5, and each Filter-screen bag 6 is corresponding to be located at Between adjacent banks 19 or close between the dividing wall 19 of well body side and well body 1.Filter-screen bag 6 is two in the present embodiment, basis It is provided with a stifled dividing wall 19 among wall 5, the paired guide groove 10 of a Filter-screen bag 6 is located at the upper side wall of well body 1 and dividing wall 19 On upper side wall, the paired guide groove 10 of another Filter-screen bag 6 is located in the lower wall of well body 1 and the lower wall of dividing wall 19.Dividing wall 19 height is highly identical with guide groove 10, or can be directed to groove 10 and fix vertically, and guide groove 10 passes through expanding screw Silk 21 is fixed in the side wall of well body 1 and the side wall of dividing wall 19.
Supporting construction 8 includes the knee wall 16 positioned at the rear of foot wall 5, and knee wall 16 is laterally set along well body 1 and and well The both lateral sides of body 1 connect, and foot wall 5, the top of knee wall 16 are provided with web plate 17, and web plate 17 is the sieve plate of steel material, foot wall 5th, the upper end of knee wall 16 is respectively equipped with the step surface with the rear and front end form fit of web plate 17, and Filter-screen bag 6 is supported on web plate 17. The upper center of knee wall 16 is recessed to form side overflow mouth 18, and the upper end level of knee wall 16 is identical with the upper end level of foot wall 5, low In or flush in the lower surface of water inlet pipe 2, so as to which the lower surface of overfall 18 is less than the lower surface of water inlet pipe 2.
The top of well body 1 is provided with multiple openable well lids 20.The present embodiment well lid 20 is three, is separately positioned on scum silica frost gear Directly over the front of wall 4, the sack of the Filter-screen bag 6 and rear of Filter-screen bag 6.Well lid directly over the sack of Filter-screen bag 6 need to be arranged to Well body 1 laterally with width, is easy to basic frame 9 to move up and down and changes Filter-screen bag 6, remaining is arranged to manhole size, gone into the well for worker Deposition in body cleaning well body.
The operation principle of floater catching apparatus is:
At rainfall initial stage, rainfall is smaller, and rainwater enters storm sewer, then the water inlet pipe for passing through the present apparatus by surface runoff 2 enter inside well body 1, and rainwater, which is first passed through after Filter-screen bag 6 filters, to flow out, and floating object and suspension are just intercepted and collected in filter screen In bag 6, there is certain flow velocity when passing through due to rainwater, in the presence of current, floating object first rests on the most bottom of Filter-screen bag 6 Portion, then accumulated gradually expansion again, until being full of whole Filter-screen bag 6, thick particle is gathered in the presence of gravitational settling The bottom of well body 1.Water level rises in the space that lower section foot wall 5, knee wall 16 are formed with the both sides of well body 1 when Filter-screen bag 6 filters, water Stream can discharge from overfall 18.During fine day, floating object is placed and can fermented for a long time under moist environment in Filter-screen bag 6, is now filtered The floating object and lower section ponding that water level is flushed in or will collected less than the lower surface of overfall 18, web plate 17 in Filter-screen bag 6 in mesh bag 6 Separate, keep the drying of floating object in Filter-screen bag 6, avoid its fermentation from producing peculiar smell.
When rainfall intensity change is big, due to the limited flow that outlet pipe 3 is discharged, the water level in well body 1 will rise, and work as water When position is higher than 6 top of Filter-screen bag, now rainwater goes out under the obstruction of scum silica frost barricade 4 from the bottom overflow of scum silica frost barricade 4, floating Thing has then been blocked in before scum silica frost barricade 4.When rainfall diminishes, liquid level will be gradually reduced, the floating intercepted by scum silica frost barricade 4 Thing is then as current reenter Filter-screen bag 6.If Filter-screen bag 6 be filled floating object can not excessively stream when, rainwater can also be from floating The bottom overflow of slag barricade 4 and go out, ensure the safety of rainwater discharge-channel, while floating object is also intercepted during overflow.
This device needs periodic maintenance, when needing to safeguard, can open well lid 20, be hooked above well body 1 with suspension hook Suspension ring 15 on basic frame 9, Filter-screen bag 6 is removed after pull-up, the Filter-screen bag 6 more renewed, then by the basic homing of frame 9, one As the half a year of Filter-screen bag 6 need update once.
The annual deposition needed to the bottom of well body 1 carries out cleaning and maintenance, when safeguarding, and first opens well lid 20, takes out Filter-screen bag 6, open web plate 17, it is possible to which the deposition to shaft bottom is cleared up.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of floater catching apparatus, including the water inlet pipe (2) and outlet pipe (3) of well body (1) and well body front and back end, its feature It is, in addition to one or more Filter-screen bags (6) that the foot wall (5) and opening formed from the bottom up extension of well body is facing forward, The Filter-screen bag (6) is located above foot wall (5), and the foot wall (5), which is provided with, can make the activity that Filter-screen bag (6) moves up Attachment structure (7), Filter-screen bag (6) lower section are provided with the supporting construction (8) of porous, and foot wall (5) upper surface is less than Or flush in water inlet pipe (2) lower surface;
The movable connection structure (7) includes rectangular foundation frame (9) corresponding with each Filter-screen bag (6), Filter-screen bag (6) opening Corresponding to be connected on basic frame (9), foot wall (5) upper end is provided with, opening corresponding with each basic frame (9) both sides and is oppositely arranged It is vertical in pairs U-shaped guide groove (10), basic frame (9) both sides between corresponding guide groove (10) with being slidably connected;
The basic frame (9) is provided with annular groove (11), and Filter-screen bag (6) opening is provided with raised ring edge (12), The ring edge (12) is located in annular groove (11), and strip pressing plate (13), spiral shell are set at annular groove (11) notch Strip pressing plate (13) is fixed on basic frame (9) by bolt (14).
2. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that basic frame (9) upper end is provided with suspension ring (15)。
3. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the supporting construction (8) is included positioned at basis The knee wall (16) at wall (5) rear, the foot wall (5), knee wall (16) top are provided with web plate (17), the Filter-screen bag (6) It is supported on web plate (17).
4. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the knee wall (16) is horizontal along well body (1) Set and be connected with well body (1) both lateral sides, knee wall (16) upper center is recessed to form side overflow mouth (18).
5. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that scum silica frost is provided with front of the foot wall (5) and is kept off Wall (4), for the scum silica frost barricade (4) to extend to be formed from well body top down, scum silica frost barricade (4) lower end is highly located at filter screen Between bag (6) upper and lower surface.
6. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the scum silica frost barricade (4) is horizontal along well body (1) Set and be connected with well body (1) both lateral sides.
7. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the foot wall (5) laterally sets along well body (1) Put and be connected with well body (1) both lateral sides.
8. floater catching apparatus as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that when Filter-screen bag (6) is multiple, the basis Lateral separation is provided with dividing wall (19) on wall (5), and each Filter-screen bag (6) corresponds between adjacent banks (19) or closed on well Between the dividing wall (19) and well body (1) of body side surface.
CN201510884173.9A 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Floater catching apparatus Active CN105442697B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510884173.9A CN105442697B (en) 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Floater catching apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510884173.9A CN105442697B (en) 2015-12-03 2015-12-03 Floater catching apparatus

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CN105442697A CN105442697A (en) 2016-03-30
CN105442697B true CN105442697B (en) 2017-12-05

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3101255A1 (en) * 2019-09-28 2021-04-02 Stéphane David Waste capture device in a rainwater collection network

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107761926A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-06 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Retaining device and the Vatch basin provided with retaining device
CN107574915A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of device for dragging dregs of the trapezoidal filter residue screen frame of band
CN107806165A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-16 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of device for dragging dregs with baffle plate
CN107558600A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-09 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of hoisting type device for dragging dregs
CN107761923A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-06 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Device for dragging dregs with filtering mesh bag and the Vatch basin for being provided with the device for dragging dregs
CN107503431B (en) * 2017-09-30 2020-01-07 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Slag dragging device and waste flow or diversion well with same
CN107574918A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 A kind of device for dragging dregs

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CN201020314Y (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-02-13 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Tuck net type filter
CN105013244A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-04 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Multistage rainwater purification treatment device
CN205276453U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-06-01 武汉美华禹水环境有限公司 Floater intercepting device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5562819A (en) * 1994-04-19 1996-10-08 Fresh Creek Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for trapping, signalling presence of and collecting debris in waterways
CN201020314Y (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-02-13 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Tuck net type filter
CN105013244A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-04 武汉圣禹排水系统有限公司 Multistage rainwater purification treatment device
CN205276453U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-06-01 武汉美华禹水环境有限公司 Floater intercepting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR3101255A1 (en) * 2019-09-28 2021-04-02 Stéphane David Waste capture device in a rainwater collection network

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