CN105440768B - A kind of fire-proof packing and fireproof coating based on molybdenum waste material - Google Patents

A kind of fire-proof packing and fireproof coating based on molybdenum waste material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105440768B
CN105440768B CN201510864486.8A CN201510864486A CN105440768B CN 105440768 B CN105440768 B CN 105440768B CN 201510864486 A CN201510864486 A CN 201510864486A CN 105440768 B CN105440768 B CN 105440768B
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fire
agent
molybdenum waste
forming agent
proof packing
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CN105440768A (en
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胡平
王快社
胡卜亮
杨帆
宋瑞
谭江飞
于志涛
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of fire-proof packing and fireproof coating based on molybdenum waste material, including film forming agent, carbon forming agent, catalytic dehydrating agent and foaming agent, in addition to the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material;The described fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is using molybdenum waste material as major ingredient, using chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol, diethanol amine as auxiliary material formation colloidal sol, by obtaining aqueous precursor gel after evaporation-condensation, aqueous precursor gel is dried by high temperature, is made after grinding.The present invention prevents fires and the heated toxic and harmful gas decomposited during the defect of corrosion-resistant double action and fire prevention for fireproof coating, it is proposed that a kind of fire resisting, fireproof coating that is corrosion-resistant and can effectively solve the problem that the emission problem of pernicious gas in thermal histories.The present invention can reduce environmental pollution, and can realize that the secondary cycle of useless molybdenum material is utilized.

Description

A kind of fire-proof packing and fireproof coating based on molybdenum waste material
Technical field
The invention belongs to building materials field, it is related to fireproof coating, and in particular to a kind of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material and anti- Fiery coating.
Background technology
Recently as developing rapidly for building trade, the prevention and control of fire also face huge challenge, fireproof importance Self-evident, fireproof coating can carry out effectively fire-retardant as maximally effective fire proofing material to the intensity of a fire, prevent further climing Prolong, can effectively reduce the threat that fire is caused to people's life and property.
Molybdenum is the important alloy element for producing steel alloy, stainless steel and alloy cast iron, is had in each high-tech area Abundant application.With the continuous expansion of Mo resource application field, the demand to molybdenum and its compound is also being improved constantly, molybdenum powder The landing material cleaned in manufacturer's production process from ground;Workshop cleaning pond, bath pool sedimentation basin, hydrogen retrieval spray The waste material that sedimentation basin of system etc. is pulled out also rolls up, and on the one hand brings in pressure, another aspect waste material and contains to environmental pollution There is substantial amounts of available resources, so, the recycling of molybdenum waste material is extremely urgent.Reclaimed according to chemical method, in warp Lose more than gain, and produce effects less again in Ji cost, easily cause secondary pollution;Air can be produced according to roasting rule very big dirty Dye.So, how secondary utilization is effectively carried out to molybdenum waste material, be the important problem that molybdenum powder manufacturing is faced.
Possess fire prevention and two performances of anti-corrosion for present circumstances, when fire-resistant coating for steel structure is typically different, and to same One steel construction, the protection that should often have anticorrosive paint, the protection for having fireproof coating again causes human and material resources and financial resources Waste, if developing a kind of fireproof coating, be provided simultaneously with above-mentioned functions, will be one of Future Development direction.Tongji University turns round and look at Guoqiang etc. uses highly-chlorinated polyethylene and organosilicon, and acrylate is base-material, while anti-corrosion and fire-proof function are realized, but It is the fire retardant containing halogen system and phosphorus system, causes extensively because it produces the pernicious gases such as poisonous, corrosivity, shielding in combustion General concern.At present, C-N-P the or CN-P-CL systems that most expanding fire-proof paint fire retardants are used, use substantial amounts of three The chemical substances such as poly cyanamid, APP, ammonium borate, chlorinated paraffin, toxic and harmful gas, such as NH are decomposited after heated3、 HCL、NOx, CO etc., these gases can produce smothering action.Meet east et al. and have studied suppression cigarette filler Firebrake ZB (zB), fire-retardant in pass The addition of smoke suppressant (LEE) significantly reduces cigarette poison release during material combustion, compared to no addition anti-flaming smoke-inhibiting agent ZB's Art plate is coated, the life cigarette speed, raw cigarette total amount and CO generation speed of different content anti-flaming smoke-inhibiting agent ZB coating plank sample is added Rate is decreased obviously, and its peak value has and largely declined, wherein, raw cigarette speed is by 0.022m2/ s is down to 0.013m2/ s, Decline 4l%;Raw cigarette total amount is by 1.57m2/m2It is down to 0.66m2/m2, decline 58%;CO generating rates are down to by 0.0053g/s 0.0036g/s, declines 32.1%;But the poison gas content in flue gas can still endanger the life of people.
The content of the invention
Based on problems of the prior art, the application provides a kind of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material and fire prevention is applied Material, fireproof coating is prepared by reclaiming molybdenum waste material, and the recycling that molybdenum waste material is solved while fire protecting performance is ensured is asked Topic.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the application, which is adopted the following technical scheme that, is achieved:
A kind of fireproof coating, including film forming agent, carbon forming agent, catalytic dehydrating agent and foaming agent, in addition to based on molybdenum waste material Fire-proof packing;
The described fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is using molybdenum waste material as major ingredient, with chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, anhydrous isobutyl Alcohol, diethanol amine are auxiliary material formation colloidal sol, and by obtaining aqueous precursor gel after evaporation-condensation, aqueous precursor gel is dried by high temperature It is dry, it is made after grinding.
The present invention also has following distinguishing feature:
Specifically, the specific preparation process of the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is:By molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid and six Water scandium chloride is added in dry isobutanol, is heated to 60 DEG C~70 DEG C, then adds diethanol amine and water, pH is adjusted by ammoniacal liquor Value is in the range of 7.5~8, and stirring, which is formed, obtains stabilization, uniform, transparent aqueous precursor gel after colloidal sol, evaporation-condensation, by forerunner Body gel is dried at 300~400 DEG C, and the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is obtained after ball milling.
It is preferred that, the quality between described molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Than for (20~40):(2~10):(10~20):(30~50):(10~20).
Specifically, in terms of parts by weight, being made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 20%~60%, carbon forming agent 0%~20%, Catalytic dehydrating agent 3%~10%, foaming agent 0%~20%, the fire-proof packing 2%~30% based on molybdenum waste material, the weight of raw material Percentage sum is 100%.
Described film forming agent is silicate, Ludox, phosphate, phenolic resin, the alkyd resin of halogenation, polyester, halo Olefin resin, amino resins, tar resin, furane resins, heterocycle resin, rubber or latex.
Described carbon forming agent is APP, starch, pentaerythrite, dipentaerythritol, tripentaerythritol or a contracting Dipentaerythritol.
Described catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, APP or HMW ammonium polyphosphate.
Described foaming agent is in urea, melamine, halogenated paraffin or ammonium phosphate salt.
The application also provides a kind of preparation method of the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material, the specific preparation process of this method For:
The specific preparation process of the described fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is:By molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid and six water chlorinations Scandium is added in dry isobutanol, is heated to 60 DEG C~70 DEG C, then adds diethanol amine and water, and adjusting pH value by ammoniacal liquor exists In the range of 7.5~8, stirring, which is formed, obtains stabilization, uniform, transparent aqueous precursor gel after colloidal sol, evaporation-condensation, presoma is coagulated Glue is dried at 300~400 DEG C, and the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is obtained after ball milling.
It is preferred that, the quality between described molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Than for (20~40):(2~10):(10~20):(30~50):(10~20).
Compared with prior art, beneficial has the technical effect that the present invention:
(I) present invention prevents fires for fireproof coating and decomposited with heated during the defect of corrosion-resistant double action and fire prevention Toxic and harmful gas, it is proposed that a kind of fire resisting, discharge that is corrosion-resistant and can effectively solve the problem that pernicious gas in thermal histories are asked The fireproof coating of topic.For the landing material cleaned in Mo powder production enterprise production process from ground;Workshop cleaning pond, wash In the waste material that publilc baths sedimentation basin, sedimentation basin of hydrogen retrieval spray system etc. are pulled out the characteristics of contained element, the present invention can reduce ring Border is polluted, and can realize that the secondary cycle of useless molybdenum material is utilized.
(II) fireproof coating powder particle size of the invention is small, and adhesion property is good, and fire resistance is understood by fire resisting test Can be excellent.
(III) by adding Mo-Pt-Sc2O3 fillers prepared by molybdenum waste material, with excellent fire-retardant and decay resistance, by Due to the fire-proof packing Mo-Pt-Sc based on molybdenum waste material in thermal expansion process2O3Effect can be effectively increased the densification of charring layer Degree, so as to further improve the fire resistance of fire proofing material.
(IV) C-N-P the or CN-P-Cl systems that expanding fire-proof paint fire retardant is used, use substantial amounts of melamine The chemical substances such as amine, APP, ammonium borate, chlorinated paraffin, toxic and harmful gas, such as NH are decomposited after heated3、HCl、 NOx, CO etc., these gases can produce smothering action.By adding Mo-Pt-Sc2O3Catalytic action, can be thermally decomposed During can occur following reaction:4NH3+ 5O2+2CO=2N2+6H2O+2CO2Effectively reduce the discharge of pernicious gas.Base In the fire-proof packing Mo-Pt-Sc of molybdenum waste material2O3Good fire extinguishing catalyst, can consume oxygen while generation N2 and CO2 gases, can effectively put out a fire.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the SEM photograph of the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material.
Fig. 2 is not added with Mo-Pt-Sc for gained in comparative example2O3The fireproof coating of filler.
Fig. 3 is gained addition Mo-Pt-Sc in embodiment 12O3The fireproof coating of filler.
Fig. 4 is that comparative example is not added with Mo-Pt-Sc2O3Prevented fires coating surface after fire resisting test on filler plank.
Fig. 5 is that embodiment 1 adds Mo-Pt-Sc2O3Prevented fires coating surface after fire resisting test on filler plank.
The particular content of the present invention is described in more detail below in conjunction with drawings and examples.
Embodiment
Above-mentioned technical proposal, specific embodiment of the invention given below are deferred to, it is necessary to which explanation is the present invention not office It is limited to specific examples below, all equivalents done on the basis of technical scheme each fall within the protection model of the present invention Enclose.The present invention is described in further details with reference to embodiment.
The composition of the molybdenum waste material used in following embodiments is as shown in table 1:
The full Element detection results of molybdenum waste material XRF of table 1
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 20g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is sodium metasilicate;Carbon forming agent is pentaerythrite;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is melamine Amine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is:By molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid and six water scandium chlorides Add in dry isobutanol, be heated to 60 DEG C~70 DEG C, then add diethanol amine and water, pH value is adjusted 7.5 by ammoniacal liquor In the range of~8, stirring, which is formed, obtains stabilization, uniform, transparent aqueous precursor gel after colloidal sol, evaporation-condensation, by aqueous precursor gel Dried at 300~400 DEG C, the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is obtained after ball milling.
Mass ratio between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine is 20:10:20: 30:20.
Specifically ball milling condition is:Different size of steel ball is put into ball grinder, ratio of grinding media to material is 2:1, ball grinder is taken out very It is empty to by 1.0 × 10-5Pa, is then placed in planetary ball mill, ball milling 40min.
The stereoscan photograph of the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is as shown in figure 1, as can be known from Fig. 1 made from the present embodiment Contain Mo, Pt, Sc in this fire-proof packing2O3.And uniformly mix.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, add 10% (mass percent) go from Sub- water, heating water bath is to 80 DEG C, and magnetic force mixes 20min, and slurry is made.Slurry is placed in baking box, temperature is adjusted To 120 DEG C, powder is toasted into 5h.Well mixed powder is put into ball grinder, it is 1.0 × 10 to be evacuated to vacuum-5Pa, ball Grinding machine ball milling 30min, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result made from the present embodiment Referring to table 2.
Comparative example:
This comparative example provides a kind of fireproof coating, and other formulation contents are same as Example 1, differ only in:Fire prevention There is no to add the obtained fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material in embodiment 1 in coating.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings made from this comparative example Test result is referring to table 2.
Fig. 2 applies the photo invested on plank for fireproof coating in this comparative example, and Fig. 3 is coated for the fireproof coating of embodiment 1 In the photo on plank.Fig. 4 prevent fires coating surface aspect graph for the plank of this comparative example after fire resisting is tested, and Fig. 5 is implementation The plank of example 1 is prevented fires coating surface aspect graph after fire resisting is tested.It can be seen that addition fire-proof packing can in from Fig. 2 to Fig. 5 To there is the viscosity for improving coating, fire-proof packing effectively improves the consistency and fire resistance of coating charring layer, is prevented fires by adding Filler can be effectively protected to matrix formation.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 10g, catalytic dehydration Agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 10g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is sodium metasilicate;Carbon forming agent is pentaerythrite;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is melamine Amine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is same as Example 1.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 10g, catalytic dehydration Agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 10g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is Ludox;Carbon forming agent is APP;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material to be substantially the same manner as Example 1, fireproof coating Preparation method is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Made from the present embodiment Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2.
Embodiment 4:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 40g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 3g, foaming agent 7g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is phosphate;Carbon forming agent is starch;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is melamine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material to be substantially the same manner as Example 1, fireproof coating Preparation method is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Made from the present embodiment Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2.
Embodiment 5:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 0g, catalytic dehydrating agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is phenolic resin;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is halogen Fossil waxes.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material to be substantially the same manner as Example 1, fireproof coating Preparation method is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Made from the present embodiment Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2.
Embodiment 6:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 50g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 0g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is the alkyd resin of halogenation;Carbon forming agent is tripentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is HMW poly Ammonium phosphate;Foaming agent is ammonium phosphate salt.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material to be substantially the same manner as Example 1, fireproof coating Preparation method is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Made from the present embodiment Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2.
Embodiment 7:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 20g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is polyester;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is three Poly cyanamid.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material to be substantially the same manner as Example 1, fireproof coating Preparation method is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to the granularity for meeting code requirement.Made from the present embodiment Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2.
Embodiment 8:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 10g, catalytic dehydration Agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 10g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is alkenyl halide resin;Carbon forming agent is APP;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is Urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 30:5:10:40:15.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 9:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 40g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 3g, foaming agent 7g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is amino resins;Carbon forming agent is starch;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is halogenated paraffin.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 30:5:10:40:15.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 10:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 0g, catalytic dehydrating agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is tar resin;Carbon forming agent is pentaerythrite;Catalytic dehydrating agent is HMW ammonium polyphosphate;Hair Infusion is ammonium phosphate salt.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 30:5:10:40:15.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 11:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 50g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 0g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is furane resins;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is Urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 30:5:10:40:15.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 12:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 48g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 2g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is heterocycle resin;Carbon forming agent is tripentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is Melamine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 30:5:10:40:15.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 13:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 20g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is rubber;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is halogen Fossil waxes.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 14:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 10g, catalytic dehydration Agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 10g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is latex;Carbon forming agent is APP;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is ammonium phosphate Salt.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 15:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 40g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 3g, foaming agent 7g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is sodium metasilicate;Carbon forming agent is pentaerythrite;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is melamine Amine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is same as Example 1.Differ only in original Material proportioning is different, in the present embodiment:Quality between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Than for 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 16:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 0g, catalytic dehydrating agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is Ludox;Carbon forming agent is APP;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 17:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 50g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 0g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is phosphate;Carbon forming agent is starch;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is melamine.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 18:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 48g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 2g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is phenolic resin;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is halogen Fossil waxes.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 40:2:10:30:18.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 19:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 20g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is the alkyd resin of halogenation;Carbon forming agent is tripentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is HMW poly Ammonium phosphate;Foaming agent is ammonium phosphate salt.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 20:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 10g, catalytic dehydration Agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 10g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is polyester;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is three Poly cyanamid.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 21:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 40g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 3g, foaming agent 7g, the fire-proof packing 30g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is alkenyl halide resin;Carbon forming agent is APP;Catalytic dehydrating agent is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is Urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 22:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 60g, carbon forming agent 0g, catalytic dehydrating agent 5g, foaming agent 15g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is amino resins;Carbon forming agent is starch;Catalytic dehydrating agent is APP;Foaming agent is halogenated paraffin.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 23:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 50g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 0g, the fire-proof packing 20g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is tar resin;Carbon forming agent is pentaerythrite;Catalytic dehydrating agent is HMW ammonium polyphosphate;Hair Infusion is ammonium phosphate salt.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Embodiment 24:
The present embodiment provides a kind of fireproof coating, is made up of following raw material:Film forming agent 48g, carbon forming agent 20g, catalytic dehydration Agent 10g, foaming agent 20g, the fire-proof packing 2g based on molybdenum waste material.
Film forming agent is furane resins;Carbon forming agent is dipentaerythritol;Catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate;Foaming agent is Urea.
Wherein:The specific preparation process of fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and difference only exists It is different in raw material proportioning, in the present embodiment:Between molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine Mass ratio is 20:5:15:50:10.
The preparation method of fireproof coating is that raw material is well mixed according to proportioning, is ground to and meets the granularity of code requirement i.e. Can.Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result is referring to table 2 made from the present embodiment.
Fire-proof packing is added as can be seen from Table 2, can effectively improve the adhesive force of fireproof coating, pliability, impact Intensity, water resistance, can mainly significantly improve the resistance to combustion time of fireproof coating, significantly reduce the generation of the pernicious gases such as flue gas.
The Properties of Fire-Proofing Coatings test result of table 2

Claims (6)

1. a kind of fireproof coating, including film forming agent, carbon forming agent, catalytic dehydrating agent and foaming agent, it is characterised in that:Also include being based on The fire-proof packing of molybdenum waste material;
It is made up of following raw material:The percetage by weight of film forming agent is 20%~60%, the percetage by weight of carbon forming agent for 0%~ 20%, the percetage by weight of catalytic dehydrating agent is 3%~10%, and the percetage by weight of foaming agent is 0%~20%, useless based on molybdenum The percetage by weight of the fire-proof packing of material is 2%~30%, and the percetage by weight sum of raw material is 100%;
The described fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is using molybdenum waste material as major ingredient and with chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, anhydrous isobutyl Alcohol, diethanol amine are auxiliary material, form colloidal sol, by obtaining aqueous precursor gel after evaporation-condensation, aqueous precursor gel is passed through into high temperature Drying, is made after grinding;
Mass ratio between described molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine for (20~ 40):(2~10):(10~20):(30~50):(10~20);
The specific preparation process of the described fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is:Molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid and six water scandium chlorides are added Enter in dry isobutanol, be heated to 60 DEG C~70 DEG C, then add diethanol amine and water, pH value is adjusted 7.5~8 by ammoniacal liquor In the range of, stirring, which is formed, obtains stabilization, uniform, transparent aqueous precursor gel after colloidal sol, evaporation-condensation, aqueous precursor gel is existed Dried at 300~400 DEG C, the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is obtained after ball milling.
2. fireproof coating as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described film forming agent is silicate, Ludox, phosphoric acid Salt, phenolic resin, the alkyd resin of halogenation, polyester, alkenyl halide resin, amino resins, tar resin, heterocycle resin, rubber Glue or latex.
3. fireproof coating as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described carbon forming agent is APP, starch, Ji Wusi Alcohol, tripentaerythritol or dipentaerythritol.
4. fireproof coating as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described catalytic dehydrating agent is diammonium hydrogen phosphate, phosphoric acid Ammonium dihydrogen or APP.
5. fireproof coating as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described foaming agent is urea, melamine, halogenation stone Wax or ammonium phosphate salt.
6. a kind of preparation method of the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material, it is characterised in that the specific preparation process of this method is:Will Molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid and six water scandium chlorides are added in dry isobutanol, are heated to 60 DEG C~70 DEG C, then add diethanol amine and Water, by ammoniacal liquor adjust pH value in the range of 7.5~8, stirring formed obtained after colloidal sol, evaporation-condensation stabilization, it is uniform, transparent Aqueous precursor gel, aqueous precursor gel is dried at 300~400 DEG C, the fire-proof packing based on molybdenum waste material is obtained after ball milling;
Mass ratio between described molybdenum waste material, chloroplatinic acid, six water scandium chlorides, dry isobutanol and diethanol amine for (20~ 40):(2~10):(10~20):(30~50):(10~20).
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