CN105439756A - Stevia rebaudiana steviol glycoside sweetening fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Stevia rebaudiana steviol glycoside sweetening fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105439756A
CN105439756A CN201610019487.7A CN201610019487A CN105439756A CN 105439756 A CN105439756 A CN 105439756A CN 201610019487 A CN201610019487 A CN 201610019487A CN 105439756 A CN105439756 A CN 105439756A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
attapulgite
sweet stevia
sweet
steviol glycoside
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CN201610019487.7A
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Inventor
陈任
张虹
徐宏波
蒋清安
路国栋
龙宏周
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Ningxia University
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Ningxia University
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Priority to CN201610019487.7A priority Critical patent/CN105439756A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/006Waste from chemical processing of material, e.g. diestillation, roasting, cooking

Abstract

The invention discloses a stevia rebaudiana steviol glycoside sweetening fertilizer and a preparation method thereof. The sweetening fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials by mass percent: 10.0 percent of stevia rebaudiana dried leaf, 20.0 percent of leaf residue after stevia rebaudiana extraction, and 70.0 percent of attapulgite. The fruit and vegetable sweetening fertilizer is produced by taking the stevia rebaudiana as one raw material and using multiple high-sweetness steviol glycosides contained in the leaves, stems and other tissues of the stevia rebaudiana, the sweetness of fruits and vegetables can be remarkably improved by applying the sweetening fertilizer, after being taken in a human body, the steviol glycosides do not participate in metabolism and basically do not generate heat, and the produced fruits and vegetables are especially suitable for patients with diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heart disease and the like; the attapulgite is taken as a fertilizer slow release agent, the adsorbability of a special chain layer-shaped structure of the attapulgite is used to control the release of fertilizer nutrients, reduce volatilization loss, improve an soil structure, acidity and alkalinity, and increase mineral substance nutrients, and the attapulgite belongs to a pure natural nontoxic fertilizer slow release agent.

Description

Steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer preparation field, be specifically related to steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of a kind of sweet Stevia and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The sugariness of fruits and vegetables is one of important indicator of quality, is breeder, fruits and vegetables that grower, the human consumer problem, particularly organic acid content be concerned about all are very much abundant, and sweet sour ratio is the key factor determining its local flavor.
The fruits and vegetables that current production uses increase mainly rural area management, the pruning of sweet technology, enrich the measures such as compoiste fertilizer, but effect is all not too remarkable.Rural area management comprises chessom, adjustment soil to micro-acid or neutrality, sticky heavy, acidifying of keeping soil from packing together.Pruning comprises the shaping of tree body, improves ventilation and penetrating light condition; It is appropriate that flower thinning, fruit thinning control result.Enrich compoiste fertilizer and comprise the fertilizer in good time applied containing elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, or the fermentation fertilizer containing multiple natural beneficial microorganisms such as thread fungus, yeast, actinomycetes.The way spraying sweetener in recent years increases day by day, increases sweet spirit (trade(brand)name: the fruit melon certain kind of berries is special), Gymboree sweetener as sprayed efficient fruit retention, mends the foliar nutrients such as sweet spirit.But the impact of the enzyme of the chemical composition of these sweeteners, interpolation on HUMAN HEALTH still leaves a question open.
The fertilizer slow-release formulation that current production uses, uses physical sustained release dosage and chemotype sustained release dosage mostly.Physical sustained release dosage mainly passes through the means such as spraying, drying at one or more layers low water solubility material of fertiliser granulates surface-coated, forms fine and close low-permeability coating and hinders moisture to enter fertilizer kernel and restriction nutrients release.Conventional coated fertilizer can be divided into inorganic material (as sulphur, zeolite, gypsum, dish hydrochlorate, diatomite etc.) and organism material (if any synthesis family macromolecule thermoplastic resins such as polyethylene, Vinyl Acetate Copolymer, polyamides).Chemotype sustained release dosage mainly prepares microsolubility or insoluble material by the method for chemosynthesis, by nutritive substance slow releasing under chemistry or microbial process.Conventional chemical material has the mineral manure of low water solubility urea aldehyde compound and low water solubility, as the phosphorus ore, ammonium magnesium phosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, inclined Rocky acid ammonium etc. of partial acidification.These sustained release dosages have the microbial environment that manufacturing cost is high, life-time service can change soil, cause the shortcomings such as soil acidification.
Sweet Stevia (SteviarebaudianaBertoni) belongs to composite family per nnial herb, originates in South America Paraguay northeast and visits mountain range with Oman that Brazil borders on.Be rich in multiple steviol glycoside (steviolglycosides) in the tissue such as sweet Stevia blade, stem section, total content is generally at 5-15%.Steviol glycoside belongs to Fourth Ring double terpene compound, mainly contain 9 kinds of different sweet ingredients: i.e. stevioside (stevioside, St), steviol disaccharide glycosides (steviolbioside, SBio), Lai Baodi glycosides (rebaudioside, R) A, B, C, D, E, F, Dole can glycosides (dulcoside, D) A, all steviol aglycon connects a glucosyl group and C-13 position is connected several glucosyl group, rhamanopyranosyl or wooden glycosyl and is formed on C-19 position.The sugariness of steviol glycoside is 150-450 times of sucrose, but because not participating in metabolism in absorption human body, substantially not producing heat, is very precious natural sweeteners.As the sweeting agent of a kind of non-saccharide, non-nutritive, be not only the patients such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heart trouble and the sweet taste product of replacing sugar that can not bring out the state of an illness is provided, also there is reducing blood pressure simultaneously, reduce uric acid level, regulate hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, anti-oxidant, antiviral, enhance metabolism and strengthening body etc. effect, be described as the most rising natural sweeteners.The security of steviol glycoside has obtained international body's accreditations such as World Health Organization (WHO), FDA (Food and Drug Adminstration) (FDA) and food safety office of European Union (EFSA), does not have detrimentally affect to human body.China also discloses the national food safety standard (GB8270-1987 ,-1999 ,-2014) of steviol glycoside as foodstuff additive and the agricultural industry criteria (NY5320-2006) of pollution-free food sweet Stevia.
China started introduction in 1977 and plants experimentally sweet Stevia, and producing region mainly concentrates on the provinces such as Anhui, Jiangsu, Heilungkiang, and also there is cultivation in Shandong, Jilin, Gansu, Xinjiang.Current cultivated area and output account for world's total amount more than 85%, and year production sweet Stevia cured leaf 40000 tons, is mainly used in the extraction of steviol glycoside, and within 2014, steviol glycoside turnout reaches 3200 tons, export volume about 2000 tons.Leaf slag after sweet Stevia extraction is still containing multiple amino acids, VITAMIN, Saliva Orthana, sticky fiber, crude fat, coarse ash, nitrogen-free extract etc.The tissues such as sweet Stevia blade, stem section, and the leaf slag after sweet Stevia extraction is the desirable feedstock manufacturing fruit, vegetable fertilizer, is natural non-saccharide, the sweetener of non-nutritive, is again the fertilizer that organic substance enriches.
Attapulgite, also known as polygorskite or Palygorskite, be one have 2: 1 type chain laminate structures containing Shuifu County's magnesium silicate clay mineral.In each 2: 1 unit structure layers, tetrahedron wafer angle is pushed up direction at a certain distance and is put upside down, form layers chain.Form the passage parallel with chain at tetrahedron bar interband, transverse section is 3.7 × 6.3A ° about, wherein filling zeolite water and crystal water.Due to attapulgite these special mineral composition and crystalline structure, the characteristics such as the stream giving its excellence becomes, absorption, heat-resisting, fire-retardant, toughness reinforcing, reinforcement, make it be with a wide range of applications at numerous areas such as Materials science, physical chemistry, soil science, medical science.The adsorptivity of attapulgite is its special ionic condition and Surface Physical Chemistry structure, the height of adsorptive power is directly proportional to its specific surface area size, pore passage structure development degree, and the factor such as adsorption selectivity and crystalline structure, pore size, adsorbate size is closely related.The adsorptivity of attapulgite comprises two types: physical adsorption and chemisorption, the former composition with attapulgite, mineral crystal structure, specific surface area, pore size are relevant, and the latter and attapulgite containing the hydrogen bond of mineral surface, Si-OH group, ionic species matter isomorphous substitution, to lose the electrical adsorption center that coordinated water formed etc. relevant.Attapulgite itself also contains the several mineral materials compositions such as silicon, iron, calcium, magnesium, pH7.0-8.0.Utilize the characterization of adsorption of attapulgite as fertilizer slow-release formulation, belong to Pure natural nontoxic clay mineral, have both the burst size and time of releasing that control fertilizer nutrient simultaneously, improve Term Fertilization effect, reduce environment Zhong Shui, light, air and microorganism to the decomposition of fertilizer, reduce volatilization, run off, improve Soil structure, potential of hydrogen, increase soil mineral nutrient, and be convenient to the advantages such as fertilizer storage, transport and use.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem, the invention provides steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of a kind of sweet Stevia and preparation method thereof.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
The steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia, is prepared from by the raw material of following mass percent: sweet Stevia cured leaf 10.0%, and sweet Stevia extracts posterior lobe slag 20.0%, attapulgite 70.0%.
Wherein, with sweet Stevia for increasing sweet raw material, the mass percent of total steviol glycoside of described sweet Stevia cured leaf is 18.5%, wherein stevioside 5.6%, Lai Baodi glycosides A11.2%.
Wherein, take attapulgite as fertilizer slow-release formulation, the mass percent of described attapulgite physical and chemical index and effective constituent is: silicon ion 43%, iron ion 4%, calcium ion 5%, magnesium ion 4%; PH is 7.0-8.0; Specific surface area is 150m 2/ g, cation exchange capacity is 19mmol/100g.
The preparation method of the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of above-mentioned sweet Stevia, comprises the steps:
S1, to take sweet Stevia cured leaf by formula according to claim 1, sweet Stevia extracts the raw material such as posterior lobe slag and attapulgite;
S2, the sweet Stevia cured leaf taken by step S1, sweet Stevia extract posterior lobe slag, every 100kg raw material add water 10-15kg mixing, stir after, then add the attapulgite taken and stir, until raw material reaches, hold with hand can be shaping, one touches the state that granulated slag falls, and obtains mixture;
S3, the mixture of gained is loaded nodulizer successively, being made into diameter by grinding is 4mm, and length is the rod-shpaed particle of 4-6mm;
S4, the rod-shpaed particle of step S3 gained is spread out on concrete floor fully air-dry, be packaged into bag.
Also comprise the preparation step of nodulizer, be specially:
(1) with the funnel that nodulizer carries, filling engine oil in nodulizer wheel box, preferred gear oil;
(2) with the rifle head that nodulizer carries, toward granulator spindle filling butter, often within 10-15 days, add once later;
(3) pelletizer motor is two-phase electricity (220V), and two lead-in wires are regardless of zero line live wire, and directly receive main line, the live wire of main line will connect the air switch carried, and motor is for turning clockwise;
(4) adjust the pinch roller of nodulizer and the gap of mill, under shutdown does not have abrasive substance state, regulate opening for feed two screws with spanner, to two pinch rollers just turned motionless, the dynamics on both sides wants consistent.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
Be raw material with sweet Stevia, the steviol glycoside of the multiple high sugariness be rich in utilizing its blade, stem section etc. to organize produces fruit, vegetables increase sweet fertilizer.The security of steviol glycoside has obtained the accreditation of mechanism of various countries, belongs to Pure natural nontoxic material.Use the sugariness that the sweet fertilizer of this increasing can significantly improve fruit, vegetables, and steviol glycoside is taken in human body and is not participated in metabolism, substantially do not produce heat, the fruit, the vegetables that produce are particularly suitable for the patients such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heart trouble, also there is reducing blood pressure simultaneously, reduce uric acid level, regulate hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, anti-oxidant, antiviral, enhance metabolism and strengthening body etc. effect; Be simultaneously fertilizer slow-release formulation with attapulgite, the adsorptivity of the chain laminate structure utilizing it special controls release, the minimizing volatilization loss of fertilizer nutrient and improves Soil structure, potential of hydrogen and increase mineral substance nutrient, belong to Pure natural nontoxic fertilizer slow-release formulation, the inorganic material of the upper use of production at present or the physical sustained release dosage of organism macromolecular material manufacture and chemotype sustained release dosage can be overcome on the impact of ecotope.The steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia that the present invention produces, be specially adapted to topdressing, as crops such as tomato, red bayberry, loquat, oranges and tangerines, shaddock, mango, apple, pears, peach, Lee, apricot, grape, strawberry, Kiwifruit, persimmon, cherry, pomegranate, date, watermelon, hami melon, muskmelon, beet, sugarcanes of the fruits and vegetables that organic acid content enriches.
Embodiment
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiments provide the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of a kind of sweet Stevia, be prepared from by the raw material of following mass percent: sweet Stevia cured leaf 10.0%, sweet Stevia extracts posterior lobe slag 20.0%, attapulgite 70.0%.The mass percent of total steviol glycoside of described sweet Stevia cured leaf is 18.5%, wherein stevioside 5.6%, Lai Baodi glycosides A11.2%; The mass percent of described attapulgite physical and chemical index and effective constituent is: silicon ion 43%, iron ion 4%, calcium ion 5%, magnesium ion 4%; PH is 7.0-8.0; Specific surface area is 150m 2/ g, cation exchange capacity is 19mmol/100g.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides the preparation method of the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of above-mentioned sweet Stevia, comprises the steps: the preparation step of nodulizer, is specially:
(1) with the funnel that nodulizer carries, filling engine oil in nodulizer wheel box, preferred gear oil;
(2) with the rifle head that nodulizer carries, toward granulator spindle filling butter, often within 10-15 days, add once later;
(3) pelletizer motor is two-phase electricity (220V), and two lead-in wires are regardless of zero line live wire, and directly receive main line, the live wire of main line will connect the air switch carried, and motor is for turning clockwise;
(4) adjust the pinch roller of nodulizer and the gap of mill, under shutdown does not have abrasive substance state, regulate opening for feed two screws with spanner, to two pinch rollers just turned motionless, the dynamics on both sides wants consistent.
S1, to take sweet Stevia cured leaf by formula according to claim 1, sweet Stevia extracts the raw material such as posterior lobe slag and attapulgite;
S2, the sweet Stevia cured leaf taken by step S1, sweet Stevia extract posterior lobe slag, every 100kg raw material add water 10-15kg mixing, stir after, then add the attapulgite taken and stir, until raw material reaches, hold with hand can be shaping, one touches the state that granulated slag falls, and obtains mixture;
S3, the mixture of gained is loaded nodulizer successively, being made into diameter by grinding is 4mm, and length is the rod-shpaed particle of 4-6mm;
S4, the rod-shpaed particle of step S3 gained is spread out on concrete floor fully air-dry, be packaged into bag.
This specifically implements with sweet Stevia to be raw material, and the steviol glycoside of the multiple high sugariness be rich in utilizing its blade, stem section etc. to organize produces fruit, vegetables increase sweet fertilizer.The security of steviol glycoside has obtained the accreditation of mechanism of various countries, belongs to Pure natural nontoxic material.Use the sugariness that the sweet fertilizer of this increasing can significantly improve fruit, vegetables, and steviol glycoside is taken in human body and is not participated in metabolism, substantially do not produce heat, the fruit, the vegetables that produce are particularly suitable for the patients such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heart trouble, also there is reducing blood pressure simultaneously, reduce uric acid level, regulate hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, anti-oxidant, antiviral, enhance metabolism and strengthening body etc. effect; Take attapulgite as fertilizer slow-release formulation, the adsorptivity of the chain laminate structure utilizing it special controls release, the minimizing volatilization loss of fertilizer nutrient and improves Soil structure, potential of hydrogen and increase mineral substance nutrient, belong to Pure natural nontoxic fertilizer slow-release formulation, the inorganic material of the upper use of production at present or the physical sustained release dosage of organism macromolecular material manufacture and chemotype sustained release dosage can be overcome on the impact of ecotope.
Use the sugariness that this concrete sweet fertilizer of increasing implementing gained can significantly improve fruit, vegetables, and steviol glycoside is taken in human body and is not participated in metabolism, substantially do not produce heat, the fruit, the vegetables that produce are particularly suitable for the patients such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heart trouble, also there is reducing blood pressure simultaneously, reduce uric acid level, regulate hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, anti-oxidant, antiviral, enhance metabolism and strengthening body etc. effect.
The sweet fertilizer of increasing of gained is specially adapted to topdressing, as crops such as tomato, red bayberry, loquat, oranges and tangerines, shaddock, mango, apple, pears, peach, Lee, apricot, grape, strawberry, Kiwifruit, persimmon, cherry, pomegranate, date, watermelon, hami melon, muskmelon, beet, sugarcanes of the fruits and vegetables that organic acid content enriches.
This concrete use implemented should be noted:
1. time of application: before fruit maturation 2-3 month, application effect is best.
2. amount of application: fruit tree 0.25-0.50kg/ strain, vegetables (density plantation in blocks) 0.25-0.50kg/m 2.
3. application process: broadcast sowing around the rhizosphere of fruit tree or vegetables, slightly covers with soil to prevent rain drop erosion, reduces volatilization and runs off.
4. storage method: be placed in shady and cool dry place, preservation period is a year.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia, is characterized in that, the sweet fertilizer of described increasing is prepared from by the raw material of following mass percent: sweet Stevia cured leaf 10.0%, and sweet Stevia extracts posterior lobe slag 20.0%, attapulgite 70.0%.
2. the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, with sweet Stevia for increasing sweet raw material, the mass percent of total steviol glycoside of described sweet Stevia cured leaf is 18.5%, wherein stevioside 5.6%, Lai Baodi glycosides A11.2%.
3. the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, take attapulgite as fertilizer slow-release formulation, the mass percent of described attapulgite physical and chemical index and effective constituent is: silicon ion 43%, iron ion 4%, calcium ion 5%, magnesium ion 4%; PH is 7.0-8.0; Specific surface area is 150m 2/ g, cation exchange capacity is 19mmol/100g.
4. the preparation method of the steviol glycoside sweetened fertilizer of sweet Stevia as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
S1, to take sweet Stevia cured leaf by formula according to claim 1, sweet Stevia extracts the raw material such as posterior lobe slag and attapulgite;
S2, the sweet Stevia cured leaf taken by step S1, sweet Stevia extract posterior lobe slag, every 100kg raw material add water 10-15kg mixing, stir after, then add the attapulgite taken and stir, until raw material reaches, hold with hand can be shaping, one touches the state that granulated slag falls, and obtains mixture;
S3, the mixture of gained is loaded nodulizer successively, being made into diameter by grinding is 4mm, and length is the rod-shpaed particle of 4-6mm;
S4, the rod-shpaed particle of step S3 gained is spread out on concrete floor fully air-dry, be packaged into bag.
CN201610019487.7A 2016-01-07 2016-01-07 Stevia rebaudiana steviol glycoside sweetening fertilizer and preparation method thereof Pending CN105439756A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069478A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 广西滨地生态农业投资有限责任公司 A kind of Fructus Musae high yield and high quality implantation methods
CN106116938A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 广西滨地生态农业投资有限责任公司 Sweetened high yield organic fertilizer planted by a kind of Citrus
CN106912346A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-04 薛德宝 A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective
CN108117458A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-05 晨光生物科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of microbial manure of the flocculated sludge containing stevioside

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069478A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 广西滨地生态农业投资有限责任公司 A kind of Fructus Musae high yield and high quality implantation methods
CN106116938A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 广西滨地生态农业投资有限责任公司 Sweetened high yield organic fertilizer planted by a kind of Citrus
CN106912346A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-04 薛德宝 A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective
CN108117458A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-05 晨光生物科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of microbial manure of the flocculated sludge containing stevioside

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Application publication date: 20160330