CN105437492A - Intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system - Google Patents

Intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105437492A
CN105437492A CN201511003170.6A CN201511003170A CN105437492A CN 105437492 A CN105437492 A CN 105437492A CN 201511003170 A CN201511003170 A CN 201511003170A CN 105437492 A CN105437492 A CN 105437492A
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China
Prior art keywords
temperature
spray head
wire rod
control
intelligent
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CN201511003170.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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林湖彬
刘勋
杜崇铭
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杜崇铭
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Priority to CN201511003170.6A priority Critical patent/CN105437492A/en
Publication of CN105437492A publication Critical patent/CN105437492A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C48/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C48/00Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C48/03Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor characterised by the shape of the extruded material at extrusion
    • B29C48/05Filamentary, e.g. strands
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92504Controlled parameter
    • B29C2948/92704Temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92819Location or phase of control
    • B29C2948/92857Extrusion unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2948/00Indexing scheme relating to extrusion moulding
    • B29C2948/92Measuring, controlling or regulating
    • B29C2948/92819Location or phase of control
    • B29C2948/92923Calibration, after-treatment or cooling zone

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system for molding plastic particles into two-color wires for 3D printing through extrusion. The intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system comprises an extrusion molding machine, a cooling mechanism, a discharging traction mechanism, a wire reeling mechanism, a cutting mechanism, a detection module and a controller and an operation display panel; the extrusion molding machine comprises two groups of material treatment mechanisms, a transverse head and a die head; each material treatment mechanism comprises a base, a motor, a hopper, a charging barrel and heating elements; the cooling mechanism is provided with a plurality of spray heads; the discharging traction mechanism is located on a tail end of the cooling mechanism to convey wires to the wire reeling mechanism for storage; the detection module comprises a plurality of temperature sensors for detecting temperatures of the charging barrel, the transverse head, the die head and wires after being cooled by the cooling mechanism; the controller controls corresponding heating elements and the plurality of spray heads to work according to the detected temperatures. The intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system automatically controls a temperature of plastic heating and the flow of cooling water, and is high in production efficiency; and wires are good in quality.

Description

Intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system
Technical field
The present invention relates to material plasticizing device, particularly relate to the Based Intelligent Control of material plasticizing two-wire production system.
Background technology
Injection mo(u)lding is the main forming method of plastics, is characterized in that production efficiency is high, strong to the flexibility (adaptability) of operation of various plastics, and energy forming shape is complicated, accurate in size injection moulding of plastic articles, and application is extensive.Its production process is: solid plastics is sent into barrel from hopper, die head is advanced into by the helical screw agitator rotated while heating in barrel, solid plastics by granular (or powdery) plastifies into the good plastic melt of the plasticity with uniform density, viscosity and composition, inject enter in the die cavity of molding die by applying certain pressure and making this kind of plastic melt possess certain flow rate again, after plastic melt cooling and shaping, just can obtain the plastic products consistent with the mold cavity shapes of die head.But, existing material plasticizing device must masterful technique work at the scene in real time according to needing the heating member work regulating barrel, the size of Non-follow control cooling body cooling water, waste of manpower and cost, and the heating-up temperature of material is regulated not in time and causes that heating-up temperature is too high to be affected quality and finished product or occur substandard products not because heating-up temperature.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system, not only automatically can control the temperature of plastic processing, and can the water yield of controlled cooling model water automatically, without the need to manual operation, not only increase production efficiency, and the wire rod quality better made.
In order to realize there is object, the invention discloses a kind of intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system, for being double-colored 3D printing wire rod by plastic grain extrusion forming, comprising extrusion shaping machine, cooling body, discharging traction mechanism, winding mechanism, cutting mechanism, detection module, controller and operation display panel, described extrusion shaping machine comprises two groups of material treatment mechanism, a cross-peen and a die head, each is organized described material treatment mechanism and comprises support, motor, extruding screw, hopper, barrel and heating member, described motor is installed on described support, and the output shaft of described motor is connected with described extruding screw, and described extruding screw is horizontally set in described barrel, and described heating member has several and is installed on described barrel respectively, with to described barrel on cross-peen and die head, cross-peen and die head heat, and plastic grain is delivered to barrel by described hopper, and described barrel heats described plastic grain, stir and by the plastic conveying and plastic after melting to described cross-peen, described cross-peen is delivered to described die head after being merged by the plastics of material treatment mechanism conveying described in two, the plastics after merging carry out shaping to make wire rod by described die head, described cooling body is positioned at the discharge outlet of described die head, and is provided with some spray heads, to carry out cooling and shaping to the wire rod made, described discharging traction mechanism is positioned at the end of described cooling body and cooled wire rod is delivered to winding mechanism, winding mechanism is wound around the wire rod that described discharging traction mechanism is delivered to.Cutting mechanism, between described discharging traction mechanism and winding mechanism, detects the length of described wire rod and cuts described wire rod when described wire rod arrives preset length.Described detection module comprises several temperature sensor and also detects the temperature of described barrel, die head and the rear wire rod of cooling body place cooling respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures; Described controller one end is connected with described detection module, the other end is connected with spray head with described heating member, motor, corresponding heating member and some spray head work is controlled according to described detected temperatures, with the control temperature making described barrel, cross-peen, die head keep corresponding, with the cooling water making described spray head provide corresponding size, and control temperature corresponding to described cross-peen, die head is less than control temperature corresponding to described barrel, described controller controls the rotating speed of described motor according to motor control order; Described operation display panel inputs outside control command and shows the detected temperatures of described temperature sensor, described control command comprises parameter modification order and motor control order, and described controller is connected with described operation display panel and revises the regulating parameter of numerical value of described control temperature, preset length according to described parameter modification order.
Compared with prior art, because the extrusion shaping machine of the present invention's intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system is controlled heating member in real time by controller, make plastic grain stable enter extrusion chamber from hopper, and smoothly in extrusion chamber by heating and melting and uniform stirring, finally be extruded from its discharging opening under the die cavity effect of die head, when the wire rod be extruded is pulled through cooling body under the effect of discharging traction mechanism, the water that spray head ejects carries out effective cooling to wire rod, finally make wire temperature consistent with room temperature thus be finalized, the wire rod quality better made.On the other hand, because controller controls in real time to spray head, when not only making the chilling temperature of wire rod inadequate, strengthen the water yield of spray head, improve cooling effectiveness, and when making the water yield of spray head excessive, reduce the water yield of spray head in time, make the wire rod made can not lower the temperature too much and affect quality and save the water yield.Again on the one hand, the present invention can control motor rotary speed and control temperature according to the control signal of outside, makes operating personnel can regulate setup parameter voluntarily according to the difference of the different current environment of plastic material.
Preferably, described barrel is provided with several heating cabinet, several described heating cabinet is along described barrel setting and heating cabinet described in each is respectively equipped with a described heating member, the head place of described barrel is provided with a described heating member, several described temperature sensor detects each heating cabinet temperature and head temperature respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures, several described heating cabinet comprises the first heating cabinet and the second heating cabinet, the control temperature that described first heating cabinet is corresponding is the first control temperature T1, the control temperature that second heating cabinet is corresponding is the second control temperature T2, the control temperature that head is corresponding is the 3rd control temperature T3, and described T3>T2>T1.Compared with prior art, not only by several heating cabinet progressive solution plastics, homogeneous heating, saves the energy, also controls heating-up temperature by controller, make heating-up temperature controlled, can not damage plastics.
Particularly, also fan is provided with in heating cabinet described in each, described in each, heating cabinet correspondence is provided with a ceiling temperature, described controller is connected with described fan, and control corresponding fan when the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet exceeds corresponding ceiling temperature and open, and control described fan when control temperature lower than correspondence of the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet and close.
Preferably, described controller also with described motors, and the rotating speed of described motor is regulated according to the control temperature that described barrel is corresponding, when not only making control temperature be conditioned, motor can regulate thereupon automatically, general staff can be operated, help without the need to experienced hands, and prevent motor rotary speed too fast or excessively slow in the quality affecting wire rod.
Preferably, described operation display panel comprises the detection window showing the detected temperatures that each temperature sensor detects respectively, the display window showing control temperature described in each respectively, and regulate the control handle of control temperature described in each respectively, operate described control handle to regulate corresponding control temperature in real time, make operating personnel in the material plasticizing device course of work, foundation can need real-time regulable control temperature.
Preferably, described cooling body also comprises cooling bath, the discharging opening of described cooling bath and described die head is just to setting, outlet and described discharging traction mechanism are just to setting, some described spray heads comprise several first spray head, several second spray head and several 3rd spray head, and described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head arrange with a determining deviation from front to back along described cooling bath respectively, and described first spray head exports the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, described second spray head exports the cooling water with the second chilling temperature, described 3rd spray head exports the cooling water of normal temperature, described first chilling temperature is higher than described second chilling temperature, described second chilling temperature is higher than normal temperature.The program makes cooling body to lower the temperature to wire rod gradually, prevents wire rod from becoming fragile owing to lowering the temperature too fast.
Particularly, described cooling body also comprises the first circulating slot, second circulating slot, 3rd circulating slot, first water tank, second water tank and three-tank, described first water tank, correspondingly respectively in second water tank and three-tank be provided with the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, there is the cooling water of the second chilling temperature and the cooling water of normal temperature, described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head lay respectively at described first circulating slot, second circulating slot, above 3rd circulating slot and the two be interconnected, and described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head respectively with described first water tank, second water tank is connected with three-tank, described first water tank, second water tank and three-tank are respectively by having the water pipe of suction pump and described first circulating slot, second circulating slot is communicated with the 3rd circulating slot correspondence.The water ejected from spray head is flowed into corresponding circulating slot to be recovered again and is recycled after cooling wire rod, saves energy.
Preferably, described intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system also comprises to be located at described cooling body place and to detect the velocity sensor that speed made by described wire rod, described controller one end is connected with described velocity sensor, the other end is connected with described discharging traction mechanism, and the transporting velocity of described discharging traction mechanism is regulated according to described transmission speed, to make the speed of making of described wire rod consistent with the transporting velocity of described discharging traction mechanism, without the need to operating personnel's manual adjustments, prevent wire rod due to the too fast and stretcher strain of the transporting velocity of discharging traction mechanism or cross slow and flexural deformation, ensure the quality of wire rod.
Preferably, described cutting mechanism comprises bracing frame and the meter counter that is installed on support frame as described above and cutter, support frame as described above is provided with the transmission hole matched with wire rod profile, described cutter are arranged in described transmission hole, described meter counter detects wire rod in real time by the length of described transmission hole and to cut by controlling described cutter during preset length at described wire rod, described controller is connected with described meter counter, controls described meter counter work and regulates the numerical value of preset length in described meter counter.
Preferably, the control temperature that described cooling body is corresponding has two grades at least, when described controller wire temperature after the cooling period exceeds the control temperature of corresponding grade, control the spray head of corresponding number to open, and spray head number corresponding to low-grade control temperature is less than spray head number corresponding to high-grade control temperature.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 a is the structural representation of extrusion shaping machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 b is the structural representation of another angle of extrusion shaping machine of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of operation control panel of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structured flowchart of intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of cooling body of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of cooling body described in another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
By describing technology contents of the present invention, structural feature in detail, realized object and effect, accompanying drawing is coordinated to be explained in detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
With reference to figure 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the invention discloses a kind of intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system 100, for being double-colored 3D printing wire rod by plastic grain extrusion forming, comprise extrusion shaping machine 1, cooling body 2, discharging traction mechanism 3, winding mechanism 7, cutting mechanism 4, detection module, controller 6 and operation display panel 5.
With reference to figure 2a, Fig. 2 b, described extrusion shaping machine 1 comprises two groups of material treatment mechanism 200, a cross-peen 17 and a die head 15, each is organized described material treatment mechanism 200 and comprises support 11, motor 12, extruding screw (not shown), hopper 13, barrel 14 and heating member 20, described motor 12 is installed on described support 11, the output shaft of described motor 12 is connected with described extruding screw, described extruding screw is horizontally set in described barrel 14, described heating member 20 has several and is installed on described barrel 14 respectively, with to described barrel 14 on cross-peen 16 and die head 15, cross-peen 16 and die head 15 heat, plastic grain is delivered to barrel 14 by described hopper 13, described barrel 14 heats described plastic grain, stir and by melt after plastic conveying and plastic to cross-peen 16, described die head 15 is delivered to after the plastics that material treatment mechanism described in two 200 is carried by described cross-peen 16 merge, plastics after fusion carry out shaping to make wire rod 60 by described die head 15, described cooling body 2 is positioned at the discharge outlet of described die head 15, and is provided with some spray heads 41, to carry out cooling and shaping to the wire rod made, described discharging traction mechanism 3 is positioned at the end of described cooling body 2 and cooled wire rod is delivered to winding mechanism 7, winding mechanism 7 is wound around the wire rod 60 that described discharging traction mechanism 3 is delivered to.Cutting mechanism 4, between described discharging traction mechanism 2 and winding mechanism 7, detects the length of described wire rod 60 and cuts described wire rod 60 when described wire rod 60 arrives preset length.Described detection module comprises several temperature sensor 30 and detects temperature that described barrel 14, cross-peen 16, die head 15 and cooling body 2 cool rear wire rod respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures, described controller 6 one end is connected with described temperature sensor 30, the other end and described heating member 20, motor 12 is connected with cooling body 2, the heating member 20 corresponding according to described detected temperatures control and some spray heads 41 work (spray head 41 opening or closing predetermined number), to make described barrel 14, cross-peen 16, die head 15 keeps corresponding control temperature, the cooling water of corresponding size is provided to make described spray head 41, and described cross-peen 16, the control temperature of die head 15 correspondence is less than the control temperature of described barrel 14 correspondence, described controller 6 controls the rotating speed of described motor 12 according to motor 12 control command, described operation display panel 5 inputs outside control command and shows the detected temperatures of described temperature sensor 30, described control command comprises parameter modification order and motor 12 control command, and described controller 6 is connected with described operation display panel 5 and revises the regulating parameter of numerical value of described control temperature, preset length according to described parameter modification order.
Wherein, described controller 6 controls corresponding heating member 20 according to detected temperatures and works, and keeps the method for corresponding control temperature for the control temperature that the temperature detected according to described temperature sensor 30 regulates the power of corresponding heating member 20 to keep corresponding to make barrel 14 described in each, cross-peen 16, die head 15 to make described barrel 14, cross-peen 16, die head 15.Certainly, also multiple heating member 20 can be set at same position, thus closed portion heating member 20 regulates the temperature of barrel 14, die head 15, cross-peen 16 when regulating temperature.
Compared with prior art, because the extrusion shaping machine 1 of the present invention's intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system 100 is controlled in real time by controller 6 pairs of heating members 20, make plastic grain stable enter extrusion chamber from hopper 13, and smoothly in extrusion chamber by heating and melting and uniform stirring, finally be extruded from its discharging opening under the die cavity effect of die head 15, when the wire rod be extruded is pulled through cooling body 2 under the effect of discharging traction mechanism 3, the water that spray head 41 ejects carries out effective cooling to wire rod, finally make wire temperature consistent with room temperature thus be finalized.On the other hand, because controller 6 pairs of spray heads 41 control in real time, when not only making the chilling temperature of wire rod inadequate, strengthen the water yield of spray head 41, improve cooling effectiveness, and when making the water yield of spray head 41 excessive, reduce the water yield of spray head 41 in time, make the wire rod 60 made can not lower the temperature too much and affect quality and save the water yield.Again on the one hand, the present invention can control motor 12 rotating speed and control temperature according to the control signal of outside, makes operating personnel can regulate setup parameter voluntarily according to the difference of the different current environment of plastic material.
With reference to figure 2a, Fig. 2 b, described barrel 14 is provided with several heating cabinet, several described heating cabinet to be arranged and heating cabinet described in each is respectively equipped with a described heating member 20 along described barrel 14, head 23 place of described barrel 14 is provided with a described heating member 20, several described temperature sensor 30 detects each heating cabinet temperature and head 23 temperature respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures, several described heating cabinet comprises the first heating cabinet 21 and the second heating cabinet 22, the control temperature of described first heating cabinet 21 correspondence is the first control temperature T1, the control temperature of the second heating cabinet 22 correspondence is the second control temperature T2, the control temperature of head 23 correspondence is the 3rd control temperature T3, and described T3>T2>T1.Compared with prior art, not only by several heating cabinet progressive solution plastics, homogeneous heating, saves the energy, also controls heating-up temperature by controller 6, make heating-up temperature controlled, can not damage plastics.Concrete, the present invention also comprises the corresponding 4th control temperature T4 of the 3rd heating cabinet the 24, three heating cabinet 24, and T3>T4, T4 are more than or equal to T2.In the present embodiment, described T1 is 240 degrees Celsius, and T2, T4 are 245 degrees Celsius, and T3 is 258 degrees Celsius, and the control temperature of die head 15 correspondence is 220 degrees Celsius.
Continue with reference to figure 2a, Fig. 2 b, be also provided with fan 25 in heating cabinet 21,22,24 described in each, described controller 6 is connected with described fan 25, and controls the action of corresponding described fan 25 according to described detected temperatures, can be reduced the temperature of heating cabinet by fan 25.Particularly, described in each, heating cabinet 21,22,24 correspondence is provided with a ceiling temperature, described controller 6 controls corresponding fan 25 when the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet exceeds corresponding ceiling temperature and opens, and controls described fan 25 when control temperature lower than correspondence of the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet and close.In the present embodiment, the ceiling temperature of the first heating cabinet 21 correspondence is 245 degrees Celsius, and the ceiling temperature of the second heating cabinet 22 correspondence is 250 degrees Celsius, and the ceiling temperature of the 3rd heating cabinet 24 correspondence is 255 degrees Celsius.
With reference to figure 4, described controller 6 is also connected with described motor 12, and the rotating speed of described motor 12 is regulated according to the control temperature of described barrel 14 correspondence, when not only making control temperature be conditioned, motor 12 can regulate thereupon automatically, general staff can be operated, help without the need to experienced hands, and prevent motor 12 rotating speed too fast or excessively slow in the quality affecting wire rod 60.
With reference to figure 3, described operation display panel 5 comprises the detection window 502 showing the detected temperatures that each temperature sensor 30 detects respectively, the display window 501 showing control temperature described in each respectively, and regulate the control handle 503 of control temperature described in each respectively, operate described control handle 503 to regulate corresponding control temperature in real time, make operating personnel in the material plasticizing device course of work, foundation can need real-time regulable control temperature.
With reference to figure 5, the control temperature of described cooling body 2 correspondence has a grade at least, described controller 6 is when the temperature of the cooled wire rod in described cooling body 2 place exceeds the control temperature of corresponding grade, control the spray head 41 of corresponding number to open, and spray head 41 number corresponding to low-grade control temperature is less than high-grade control temperature corresponding spray head 41 number.In the present embodiment, the control temperature of described cooling body 2 correspondence has two-stage, comprise first order control temperature (such as 60 degrees Celsius) and second level control temperature (such as 80 degrees Celsius), first order control temperature is lower than second level control temperature, when the temperature of the wire rod at cooling body 2 place does not exceed 60 degrees Celsius, spray head 41 opens 2, now belongs to normal condition.When the temperature of the wire rod at cooling body 2 place exceeds 60 degrees Celsius, spray head 41 opens 3, and when the temperature of the wire rod at cooling body 2 place exceeds 80 degrees Celsius, spray head 41 opens 4.
With reference to figure 5, described cooling body 2 also comprises cooling bath 42 and circulating slot 43, the discharging opening of described cooling bath 42 and described die head 15 is just to setting, some spray heads 41 are located on described cooling bath 42, when the wire rod extruded of the discharging opening of described die head 15 is through described cooling bath 42, by the water sprayed described in described spray head 41, cooling and shaping is carried out to wire rod 60, described cooling bath 42 is positioned at above described circulating slot 43 and the two is interconnected, described spray head 41 is communicated with described circulating slot 43 by the water pipe with suction pump 44, the carrier 45 of some horizontally sets is also provided with in described cooling bath 42, described carrier 45 carries described wire rod.Preferably, described carrier 45 is formed with the bearing groove corresponding with described wire rod 60 shape to lead and shaping to described wire rod 60.
With reference to figure 1 and Fig. 4, described intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system 100 also comprises to be located at described cooling body 2 place and to detect the velocity sensor 61 that speed made by described wire rod, described controller 6 one end is connected with described velocity sensor 61, the other end is connected with described discharging traction mechanism 3, and the velocity of rotation of the traction electric machine 62 of described discharging traction mechanism 3 is regulated according to described transmission speed, thus regulate the transporting velocity of discharging traction mechanism 3, to make the speed of making of described wire rod consistent with the transporting velocity of described discharging traction mechanism 3, without the need to operating personnel's manual adjustments, prevent wire rod 60 due to the too fast and stretcher strain of the transporting velocity of discharging traction mechanism 3 or cross slow and flexural deformation, ensure the quality of wire rod 60.
With reference to figure 1 and Fig. 4, described cutting mechanism 4 comprises bracing frame and the meter counter 51 that is installed on support frame as described above and cutter 52, support frame as described above is provided with the transmission hole matched with wire rod profile, described cutter 52 are arranged in described transmission hole, and described meter counter 51 in real time to detect wire rod by the length of described transmission hole and cuts by controlling described cutter 52 during preset length at described wire rod.Particularly, described controller 6 is connected with described meter counter 51, controls described meter counter 51 and works and the numerical value regulating preset length in described meter counter 51.Wherein, described meter counter 51 and the driving cylinders driving cutter 52 action, and send drive singal at wire rod by the driving cylinder to cutter 52 during preset length, drive cylinder according to this drive singal action to cut wire rod.
Wherein, described meter counter 51 is also connected with a warning device, and gives the alarm to make described warning device by sending alarm signal to described warning device during preset length at described wire rod.Preferably, described meter counter 51 is also connected with the pause switch of extrusion shaping machine 1, cooling body 2, discharging traction mechanism 3, and at described wire rod by controlling the pause switch action of described extrusion shaping machine 1, cooling body 2, discharging traction mechanism 3 during preset length, suspend to make the pause switch of described extrusion shaping machine 1, cooling body 2, discharging traction mechanism 3.
With reference to figure 6, at another preferred embodiment of the present invention, in this embodiment, described cooling body 2 also comprises cooling bath 71, the discharging opening of described cooling bath 71 and described die head 15 is just to setting, outlet and described discharging traction mechanism 3 are just to setting, some described spray heads 41 comprise several first spray head 411, several second spray head 412 and several 3rd spray head 413, and described first spray head 411, second spray head 412 and the 3rd spray head 413 arrange with a determining deviation from front to back along described cooling bath 71 respectively, and described first spray head 411 exports the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, described second spray head 412 exports the cooling water with the second chilling temperature, described 3rd spray head 413 exports the cooling water of normal temperature, described first chilling temperature is higher than described second chilling temperature, described second chilling temperature is higher than normal temperature.The program makes cooling body 2 to lower the temperature to wire rod 60 gradually, prevents wire rod 60 from becoming fragile owing to lowering the temperature too fast.In the present embodiment, the first chilling temperature is 85 degree, and the second chilling temperature is 55 degree.
Continue with reference to figure 6, described cooling body 2 also comprises the first circulating slot 72, second circulating slot 73, 3rd circulating slot 74, first water tank (not shown), second water tank (not shown) and three-tank (not shown), described first water tank, correspondingly respectively in second water tank and three-tank be provided with the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, there is the cooling water of the second chilling temperature and the cooling water of normal temperature, described first spray head 411, second spray head 412 and the 3rd spray head 413 lay respectively at described first circulating slot 72, second circulating slot 73, above 3rd circulating slot 74 and the two be interconnected, and described first spray head 411, second spray head 412 and the 3rd spray head 413 respectively with described first water tank, second water tank is connected with three-tank, described first water tank, second water tank and three-tank are respectively by the water pipe 75 with suction pump, 76, 77 with described first circulating slot 72, second circulating slot 73, 3rd circulating slot 74 correspondence is communicated with.The water ejected from spray head 41 is flowed into corresponding circulating slot 72,73,74 to be recovered again and is recycled after cooling wire rod, saves energy.Wherein, described first water tank and the second water tank are can the attemperater of Automatic-heating, and present invention uses three grades of three grades of spray heads 41 cooled, but spray head being not limited in three grades, can also be 4 grades or 5 grades of spray heads.In the present embodiment, every one-level spray head has two, and when the temperature of described cooling body 2 place wire rod exceeds its control temperature, a spray head in two spray heads of every one-level is closed, and another stays open state.Certainly, in the present invention, the number of every one-level spray head is not limited in two, and can also be the numbers such as three, four, when the temperature of cooling body 2 place wire rod exceeds its control temperature, the control number of spray head be not limited in one.
Above disclosedly be only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, certainly can not limit the interest field of the present invention with this, therefore according to the equivalent variations that the present patent application the scope of the claims is done, still belong to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (10)

1. an intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system, for being double-colored 3D printing wire rod by plastic grain extrusion forming, is characterized in that, comprise:
Extrusion shaping machine, comprise two groups of material treatment mechanism, a cross-peen and a die head, each is organized described material treatment mechanism and comprises support, motor, extruding screw, hopper, barrel and heating member, described motor is installed on described support, the output shaft of described motor is connected with described extruding screw, described extruding screw is horizontally set in described barrel, described heating member has several and is installed on described barrel respectively, with to described barrel on cross-peen and die head, cross-peen and die head heat, plastic grain is delivered to barrel by described hopper, described barrel heats described plastic grain, to stir and by the plastic conveying and plastic after melting to described cross-peen, described cross-peen is delivered to described die head after being merged by the plastics of material treatment mechanism conveying described in two, plastics after fusion carry out shaping to make wire rod by described die head,
Cooling body, is positioned at the discharge outlet of described die head, and is provided with some spray heads to cool the wire rod made;
Discharging traction mechanism, is positioned at the end of described cooling body and cooled wire rod is delivered to winding mechanism;
Winding mechanism, is wound around the wire rod that described discharging traction mechanism is delivered to;
Cutting mechanism, between described discharging traction mechanism and winding mechanism, detects the length of described wire rod and cuts described wire rod when described wire rod arrives preset length;
Detection module, comprises several temperature sensor and also detects the temperature of described barrel, die head and the rear wire rod of cooling body place cooling respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures;
Controller, one end is connected with described detection module, the other end is connected with spray head with described heating member, motor, corresponding heating member and some spray head work is controlled according to described detected temperatures, with the control temperature making described barrel, cross-peen, die head keep corresponding, with the cooling water making described spray head provide corresponding size, and control temperature corresponding to described cross-peen, die head is less than control temperature corresponding to described barrel, and described controller controls the rotating speed of described motor according to motor control order;
Operation display panel, input outside control command and show the detected temperatures of described temperature sensor, described control command comprises parameter modification order and motor control order, and described controller is connected with described operation display panel and revises the regulating parameter of numerical value of described control temperature, preset length according to described parameter modification order.
2. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described barrel is provided with several heating cabinet, several described heating cabinet is along described barrel setting and heating cabinet described in each is respectively equipped with a described heating member, the head place of described barrel is provided with a described heating member, several described temperature sensor detects each heating cabinet temperature and head temperature respectively to export corresponding detected temperatures, several described heating cabinet comprises the first heating cabinet and the second heating cabinet, the control temperature that described first heating cabinet is corresponding is the first control temperature T1, the control temperature that second heating cabinet is corresponding is the second control temperature T2, the control temperature that head is corresponding is the 3rd control temperature T3, and described T3>T2>T1.
3. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, also fan is provided with in heating cabinet described in each, described in each, heating cabinet correspondence is provided with a ceiling temperature, described controller is connected with described fan, and control corresponding fan when the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet exceeds corresponding ceiling temperature and open, and control described fan when control temperature lower than correspondence of the detected temperatures of described heating cabinet and close.
4. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described controller also with described motors, and the rotating speed of described motor is regulated according to the control temperature that described barrel is corresponding, described controller also regulates the regulating parameter of described motor according to described parameter modification order.
5. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described operation display panel comprises the detection window showing the detected temperatures that each temperature sensor detects respectively, the display window showing control temperature described in each respectively, and regulate the control handle of control temperature described in each respectively, operate described control handle to regulate corresponding control temperature in real time.
6. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cooling body also comprises cooling bath, the discharging opening of described cooling bath and described die head is just to setting, outlet and described discharging traction mechanism are just to setting, some described spray heads comprise several first spray head, several second spray head and several 3rd spray head, and described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head arrange with a determining deviation from front to back along described cooling bath respectively, and described first spray head exports the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, described second spray head exports the cooling water with the second chilling temperature, described 3rd spray head exports the cooling water of normal temperature, described first chilling temperature is higher than described second chilling temperature, described second chilling temperature is higher than normal temperature.
7. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described cooling body also comprises the first circulating slot, second circulating slot, 3rd circulating slot, first water tank, second water tank and three-tank, described first water tank, correspondingly respectively in second water tank and three-tank be provided with the cooling water with the first chilling temperature, there is the cooling water of the second chilling temperature and the cooling water of normal temperature, described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head lay respectively at described first circulating slot, second circulating slot, above 3rd circulating slot and the two be interconnected, and described first spray head, second spray head and the 3rd spray head respectively with described first water tank, second water tank is connected with three-tank, described first water tank, second water tank and three-tank are respectively by having the water pipe of suction pump and described first circulating slot, second circulating slot is communicated with the 3rd circulating slot correspondence.
8. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and be located at described cooling body place and detect the velocity sensor that speed made by described wire rod, described controller one end is connected with described velocity sensor, the other end is connected with described discharging traction mechanism, and regulate the transporting velocity of described discharging traction mechanism according to described transmission speed, to make the speed of making of described wire rod consistent with the transporting velocity of described discharging traction mechanism.
9. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cutting mechanism comprises bracing frame and the meter counter that is installed on support frame as described above and cutter, support frame as described above is provided with the transmission hole matched with wire rod profile, described cutter are arranged in described transmission hole, described meter counter detects wire rod in real time by the length of described transmission hole and to cut by controlling described cutter during preset length at described wire rod, described controller is connected with described meter counter, control described meter counter work and regulate the numerical value of preset length in described meter counter.
10. intelligent 3D rapid shaping material plasticizing two-wire production system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the control temperature that described cooling body is corresponding has two grades at least, when described controller wire temperature after the cooling period exceeds the control temperature of corresponding grade, control the spray head of corresponding number to open, and spray head number corresponding to low-grade control temperature is less than spray head number corresponding to high-grade control temperature.
CN201511003170.6A 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system Withdrawn CN105437492A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017108003A1 (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-06-29 杜崇铭 Smart 3d rapid moulding material plasticising double filament production system
CN112829251A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-25 芜湖市爱三迪电子科技有限公司 Forming device is used in production of 3D printer raw materials wire rod

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CN104924559B (en) * 2015-05-21 2017-04-05 六安中财管道科技有限公司 A kind of PVC profile production method and device
CN204800989U (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-11-25 罗武锐 Energy -conserving regulation and control system of plastics processing machinery
CN205522381U (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-08-31 杜崇铭 Quick shaping material plastifying double -line production system of intelligent 3D
CN205767418U (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-12-07 杜崇铭 Intellectualized material plasticizing two-wire production system
CN105437492A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-30 杜崇铭 Intelligent 3D rapid molding/material plasticizing double-line production system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017108003A1 (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-06-29 杜崇铭 Smart 3d rapid moulding material plasticising double filament production system
CN112829251A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-25 芜湖市爱三迪电子科技有限公司 Forming device is used in production of 3D printer raw materials wire rod

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