CN105437297B - A kind of turntable type numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines - Google Patents

A kind of turntable type numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105437297B
CN105437297B CN201510960700.XA CN201510960700A CN105437297B CN 105437297 B CN105437297 B CN 105437297B CN 201510960700 A CN201510960700 A CN 201510960700A CN 105437297 B CN105437297 B CN 105437297B
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China
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numerical control
wire storage
storage cylinder
stepper motor
diamond wire
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CN201510960700.XA
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CN105437297A (en
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罗建军
罗美桃
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罗建军
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/547Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a wire-like cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0616Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by carriages, e.g. for slicing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/26Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member; Means for adjusting the stroke of the cutting member
    • B26D7/2614Means for mounting the cutting member

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, its workbench top is provided with a hollow precision numerical control rotary table that can be rotated around vertical axis, and the motion of the precision numerical control rotary table is jointly controlled so as to realize three-shaft linkage by the digital control system of this cutting machine to turntable stepper motor, X-axis stepper motor and y-axis stepper motor.The machine is jointly controlled by digital control system to the movement of XY slide units and the rotation of precision numerical control rotary table, make to be placed on the cut workpiece on precision numerical control rotary table to be fed along the direction just to stator ring radial direction all the time, the Impact direction of diamond wire is all the time just to the radial direction of support guide wheel, ensure the stabilization of diamond wire positioning, so as to the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting can be realized.Therefore, the machine is capable of the product of the various abnormity of surface trimming, is widely used, and economic worth is very big.

Description

A kind of turntable type numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine, specifically a kind of turntable type that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Numerical control diamond wire saw machine.
Background technology
At present, various materials are cut using diamond wire saw machine and has applied to popularize very much, diamond wire is cut The basic functional principle of cutting mill is:Diamond wire is extended on cut material by four stator rings on wire storage cylinder, support, Diamond wire is driven to move back and forth by wire storage cylinder high speed reciprocating operation, by automatically controlling workbench to diamond wire direction not Feed disconnectedly, diamond wire is in contact with cut workpiece, cut workpiece quilt because of the ablation by diamond wire Cutting.Diamond wire saw machine simple structure, it is easy to use, however, normal diamond wire cutting machine on the market is due to support The guide wheel of diamond wire is fixed, and cut workpiece can only carry out simple straight line along diamond wire guide wheel radial direction Cutting, the cutting for some special-shaped lines is not smooth, because in the special-shaped lines of cutting, if being cut workpiece Direction of feed deviate from diamond wire guide wheel radial direction, will make diamond wire pressure be added in guide wheel V-groove side position Put, make guide wheel V-groove flank wear and produce gap, cause guide wheel to be accurately positioned diamond wire, cause diamond wire position Put skew, any swing, it is impossible to be accurately positioned, it is impossible to complete cutting work well.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of turntable type numerical control diamond wire saw machine, on its workbench Side is provided with rotatable precision numerical control rotary table, and cut workpiece is placed on precision numerical control rotary table, during cutting, by digital control system The motion of control XY slide units and precision numerical control rotary table, enters the direction for being cut the radial direction that workpiece always faces stator ring Give, you can realize the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, including fuselage, body upper are provided with XY cunnings Platform, is provided with workbench above XY slide units, body upper side is provided with support frame, and support frame is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism, The rear and front end of the upper and lower support of support frame is respectively provided with a stator ring, and diamond wire two ends are rolled up wound on wire storage cylinder respectively On upper and lower two wire storage cylinder of mechanism, and diamond wire line body is then wound in the V-groove of each stator ring outer successively, and it is special Levying is:The workbench top is provided with a hollow precision numerical control rotary table that can be rotated around vertical axis, the precision numerical control rotary table It is driven to rotate by the turntable stepper motor of side, turntable stepper motor is equipped with corresponding servo drive system and by this cutting machine Digital control system be controlled;The XY slide units are driven by X-axis stepper motor and y-axis stepper motor, X-axis stepper motor and Y-axis stepper motor is provided with corresponding servo drive system and is controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine;The accurate number The motion for controlling turntable combines control by the digital control system of this cutting machine to turntable stepper motor, X-axis stepper motor and y-axis stepper motor System is so as to realize three-shaft linkage.
The wire storage cylinder winding mechanism includes wire storage cylinder, steel wire storage tube stent and wire storage cylinder slide unit, and upper and lower two wire storage cylinder passes through Steel wire storage tube stent is slid laterally and is connected on wire storage cylinder slide unit, and the rotation of wire storage cylinder is controlled by wire storage cylinder motor, wire storage cylinder The traversing slip of support is controlled by wire storage cylinder stepper motor.
Numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the invention sets a precision numerical control rotary table by side on the table, and by counting Control system jointly controls to the movement of XY slide units and the rotation of precision numerical control rotary table, makes to be placed on precision numerical control rotary table Cut workpiece feeds along the direction just to stator ring radial direction all the time, and the Impact direction of diamond wire is all the time just to support guide wheel Radial direction, it is ensured that diamond wire positioning stabilization, so as to the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting can be realized.Therefore, this numerical control Diamond wire saw machine is capable of the product of the various abnormity of surface trimming, is widely used, and economic worth is very big.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the dorsad dimensional structure diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the positive direction view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram for cutting AB sections of ABCD squares.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram for cutting BC sections of ABCD squares.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 6 is stator ring V-groove radial force.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 7 is stator ring V-groove lateral force.
In figure:1- fuselages, 2-XY slide units, 3- workbench, 4- support frames, 5- wire storage cylinder winding mechanisms, 6- upper brackets, under 7- Support, 8- stator rings, 9- diamond wires, 10- wire storage cylinders, 11- precision numerical control rotary tables, 12- turntable stepper motors, 13-Y axles step Stepper motor, 14-X shaft step motors, 15- steel wire storage tube stents, 16- wire storage cylinder slide units, 17- wire storage cylinder stepper motors, 18- wire storage cylinders Motor, F- workpiece directions of feed.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the invention includes fuselage 1, and the top of fuselage 1 is provided with XY cunnings Platform 2, the top of XY slide units 2 is provided with workbench 3, and the upper side of fuselage 1 is provided with support frame 4, and support frame 4 is provided with wire storage cylinder winding Mechanism 5, the rear and front end of the upper and lower support 6,7 of support frame 4 is respectively provided with a stator ring 8, and the two ends of diamond wire 9 are rolled up respectively It is wound on upper and lower two wire storage cylinder 10 of wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5, and the line body of diamond wire 9 is then wound on outside each stator ring 8 successively In the V-groove on edge.
The top of the workbench 3 is provided with a hollow precision numerical control rotary table 11 that can be rotated around vertical axis, the accurate number Control turntable 11 drives it to rotate by the turntable stepper motor 12 of side, and turntable stepper motor 12 is furnished with corresponding servo drive system And be controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine;The XY slide units 2 are carried out by X-axis stepper motor 14 and y-axis stepper motor 13 Drive, X-axis stepper motor 14 and y-axis stepper motor 13 are provided with corresponding servo drive system and by the numerical control system of this cutting machine System is controlled;The motion of the precision numerical control rotary table 11 is walked by the digital control system of this cutting machine to turntable stepper motor 12, X-axis Stepper motor 14 and y-axis stepper motor 13 jointly control so as to realize three-shaft linkage.
The wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5 of this numerical control diamond wire saw machine includes wire storage cylinder 10, steel wire storage tube stent 15 and steel wire storage Cylinder slide unit 16, upper and lower two wire storage cylinder 10 is slid laterally by steel wire storage tube stent 15 and is connected on wire storage cylinder slide unit 16, wire storage cylinder 10 Rotation be controlled by wire storage cylinder motor 18, the traversing slip of steel wire storage tube stent 15 is controlled by wire storage cylinder stepper motor 17 System.Diamond wire 9 on upper wire storage cylinder 10 passes sequentially through the rear end stator ring 8 of upper bracket 6, the front end of upper bracket 6 and fixes Wound on lower wire storage cylinder 10 after guide wheel 8, the front end stator ring 8 of lower carriage 7, the rear end stator ring 8 of lower carriage 7, in upper and lower branch The line body vertical section of diamond wire 9 between 6,7 liang of front end stator rings 8 of frame is used to cut workpiece, and phase is controlled by digital control system The servo-drive system answered is driven to wire storage cylinder motor 18 and wire storage cylinder stepper motor 17, is capable of achieving upper and lower wire storage cylinder 10 1 Put silk one to receive silk and run simultaneously, while the transverse reciprocating on wire storage cylinder slide unit 16 of steel wire storage tube stent 15 is slided, make diamond Line 9 is closely orderly to be arranged on wire storage cylinder 10.
When this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is used, cut workpiece is placed on precision numerical control rotary table 11, by numerical control The movement of system control XY slide units 2 and the rotation of precision numerical control rotary table 11, when three-shaft linkage, diamond wire 9 is relative with workpiece Position does not change, and does not cut, and when the location of workpiece rotates to direction of feed just to the radial direction of stator ring 8, workpiece connects Touch the diamond wire 9 that runs at high speed back and forth and be cut into required shape.When such as cutting ABCD squares as shown in Figure 4, Buddha's warrior attendant Stone line 9 makes cut workpiece be cut to B points to feeding along F in A points, the movement of digital control system control XY slide units 2, then digital control system Control XY slide units 2 to move simultaneously to be rotated with precision numerical control rotary table 11, the position for being cut workpiece is become position as shown in Figure 5 Put, now in B points, the movement of digital control system control XY slide units 2 makes cutting workpiece be cut to C points to feeding along F to diamond wire 9, together Until cut whole profiles, this cutting mode can guarantee that the radial direction of cutting force parallel stator ring 8 all the time to reason.From figure 6 and Fig. 7 can see, when cut workpiece is along 8 radial feed of stator ring, 9 abrasion V-groove centre bits of diamond wire Put, the position of diamond wire 9 is stable, will not be swung;When cut workpiece deviates the radial direction sideway feed of stator ring 8 When, diamond wire 9 can fall V-groove flank wear, produce gap, and diamond wire 9 cannot feel relieved and vacillate now to the left, now to the right, it is impossible to complete Cutting.Motion of the digital control system of this numerical control diamond wire saw machine to XY slide units 2 and precision numerical control rotary table 11 carries out joint control System, makes to be placed on the cut workpiece on precision numerical control rotary table and is fed along the direction just to the radial direction of stator ring 8 all the time, so as to keep away Exempt from the generation of wear phenomenon as shown in Figure 7, therefore, this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is particularly well-suited to cut various feeding sides To the special-shaped lines being continually changing.
Above-mentioned legend is only exemplary embodiments of the invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all it is of the invention spirit and Any modification, equivalent and improvement for being made within principle etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, including fuselage(1), fuselage(1)Top is provided with XY slide units(2), XY slide units(2)Top be provided with workbench(3), fuselage(1)Upper side is provided with support frame(4), support frame(4) It is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism(5), support frame(4)Upper and lower support(6、7)Rear and front end be respectively provided with a stator ring (8), diamond wire(9)Two ends are respectively wound on wire storage cylinder winding mechanism(5)Upper and lower two wire storage cylinder(10)On, and diamond Line(9)Line body is then wound on each stator ring successively(8)In the V-groove of outer, it is characterized in that:The workbench(3)Top is provided with One hollow precision numerical control rotary table that can be rotated around vertical axis(11), the precision numerical control rotary table(11)By the turntable stepping of side Motor(12)It is driven to rotate, turntable stepper motor(12)Equipped with corresponding servo drive system and by the numerical control system of this cutting machine System is controlled;The XY slide units(2)By X-axis stepper motor(14)And y-axis stepper motor(13)It is driven, X-axis stepping electricity Machine(14)And y-axis stepper motor(13)It is provided with corresponding servo drive system and is controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine System;The precision numerical control rotary table(11)Motion by the digital control system of this cutting machine to turntable stepper motor(12), X-axis stepping electricity Machine(14)And y-axis stepper motor(13)Jointly control so as to realize three-shaft linkage.
2. numerical control diamond wire saw machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The wire storage cylinder winding mechanism(5)Bag Include wire storage cylinder(10), steel wire storage tube stent(15)With wire storage cylinder slide unit(16), upper and lower two wire storage cylinder(10)By steel wire storage tube stent (15)Slide laterally and be connected to wire storage cylinder slide unit(16)On, wire storage cylinder(10)Rotation by wire storage cylinder motor(18)It is controlled, Steel wire storage tube stent(15)Traversing slip by wire storage cylinder stepper motor(17)It is controlled.
CN201510960700.XA 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of turntable type numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Active CN105437297B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106695516A (en) * 2017-02-18 2017-05-24 湖州师范学院 Wire cutting machine for non-conductive plates
CN109624092A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-04-16 东旭科技集团有限公司 Special-shaped glass hacking equipment and special-shaped glass hacking method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1387979A (en) * 2002-07-03 2003-01-01 沈阳科晶设备制造有限公司 Automatically controlled high-precision crystal wire electrode cutting machine
CN2670076Y (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-01-12 张文奇 Digital controlled straight cutter
WO2006135277A3 (en) * 2005-06-14 2007-04-05 Sergey Vladimirovich Smirnov Device for cutting thermoplastic materials
CN203371580U (en) * 2013-07-03 2014-01-01 兴化市天和塑料制品厂 Round material cutting machine
CN104890036A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 泰州市晨虹数控设备制造有限公司 Horizontal diamond wire cutting machine tool
CN205255096U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-25 罗建军 Can be used to cut revolving stage formula numerical control diamond wire cutting machine of special -shaped lines

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1387979A (en) * 2002-07-03 2003-01-01 沈阳科晶设备制造有限公司 Automatically controlled high-precision crystal wire electrode cutting machine
CN2670076Y (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-01-12 张文奇 Digital controlled straight cutter
WO2006135277A3 (en) * 2005-06-14 2007-04-05 Sergey Vladimirovich Smirnov Device for cutting thermoplastic materials
CN203371580U (en) * 2013-07-03 2014-01-01 兴化市天和塑料制品厂 Round material cutting machine
CN104890036A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 泰州市晨虹数控设备制造有限公司 Horizontal diamond wire cutting machine tool
CN205255096U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-25 罗建军 Can be used to cut revolving stage formula numerical control diamond wire cutting machine of special -shaped lines

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