CN105436886B - Water pump automatic assembly line - Google Patents

Water pump automatic assembly line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105436886B
CN105436886B CN201610009509.1A CN201610009509A CN105436886B CN 105436886 B CN105436886 B CN 105436886B CN 201610009509 A CN201610009509 A CN 201610009509A CN 105436886 B CN105436886 B CN 105436886B
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China
Prior art keywords
water pump
unit
carrier chain
manipulator
frame
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CN201610009509.1A
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CN105436886A (en
Inventor
万永亮
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Leo Group Zhejiang Pump Co Ltd
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Leo Group Zhejiang Pump Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610009509.1A priority Critical patent/CN105436886B/en
Publication of CN105436886A publication Critical patent/CN105436886A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of water pump automatic assembly line, belong to field of mechanical technique.It solves existing water pump by man-made assembly, the problem of efficiency of assembling is low, automaticity is low.This water pump automatic assembly line, including by the first motor-driven first carrier chain positioned at end and the frame above the first carrier chain, there is the parts package assembly that the conveying direction along the first carrier chain is set gradually in frame, water pump examines structure and water pump Stacking units, package assembly, structure and Stacking units are examined to be connected with a servo programmable logic control unit, examine and alarm and the catching unit for rejecting substandard product are provided with structure, alarm is connected with catching unit with servo programmable logic control unit, water pump location sensor is additionally provided with first carrier chain.The present invention has the advantages that automaticity height, efficiency of assembling are high.

Description

Water pump automatic assembly line
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, it is related to a kind of water pump automatic assembly line.
Background technology
Water pump is the machinery for conveying liquid or being pressurized liquid, and it transmits the mechanical energy of prime mover or other external energies Liquid, increases liquid energy, and being mainly used to conveying liquid includes water, oil, acid & alkali liquid, emulsion, suspended emulsion and liquid gold Category etc., can also convey the mixture of liquid and gas and the liquid containing suspended solids.With the development of science and technology water pump is in work Purposes in industry is more and more wider.
Water pump includes the pump housing, motor, the impeller in the pump housing and the rotor in motor, and mechanical seal and sets In the terminal box of outside motor.The all parts of water pump are separately fabricated completions, also need to assemble each part after manufacture is good Water pump could normal work after together.It is by artificial due to the current water pump assembling also streamline without automatic assembling Each part of water pump is assembled, constantly artificial lift parts, semi-finished product and finished product are needed when in assembly manipulation.For Detection, also needs constantly to move semi-finished product and finished product again so that operating efficiency is extremely low, and labor intensity is big, production effect Rate is low and automaticity is low, it is therefore necessary to its further improvement.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is above mentioned problem for existing technology, it is proposed that a kind of automaticity is high, assembling The water pump automatic assembly line of efficiency high.
The purpose of the present invention can be realized by following technical proposal:
This water pump automatic assembly line, including by the first motor-driven first carrier chain positioned at end and defeated located at first Send the frame above chain, it is characterised in that zero set gradually in described frame with the conveying direction along the first carrier chain Member assembling structure, water pump examine structure and water pump Stacking units, described package assembly, examine structure and Stacking units and one Servo programmable logic control unit is connected, and alarm and the folder for rejecting substandard product are provided with described inspection structure Unit is taken, described alarm is connected with catching unit with described servo programmable logic control unit, and described first is defeated Send and water pump location sensor is additionally provided with chain.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described package assembly include respectively with servo Programmable logical controller list Wavy spring installation manipulator, rotor installation manipulator, timbering machine tool hand, mechanical seal installation unit, the pad of member connection Piece installation manipulator, impeller installation unit and pump housing installation manipulator, described wavy spring installation manipulator, rotor fitting machine Tool hand, timbering machine tool hand, mechanical seal installation unit, pad installation manipulator, impeller installation unit and pump housing fitting machine Conveying direction of the tool hand along the first carrier chain is set gradually.Wherein, wavy spring installation manipulator, rotor installation manipulator, branch The Y-axis guide rail of frame installation manipulator, pad installation manipulator and pump housing installation manipulator by X-axis guide rail, in X-axis guide rail Constituted with the chuck in Y-axis guide rail, X-axis guide rail is vertical with the conveying direction of the first carrier chain, and Y-axis guide rail can be led along X-axis Rail transverse movement, chuck can vertically move up and down along Y-axis guide rail.Provided with last item frock is held in the sidepiece of the first carrier chain, turned Before sub- installation manipulator crawl rotor, the last item holds frock and will gone on the two ends of bearing press mounting to rotor.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described mechanical seal installation unit includes the transverse direction located at frame side Guide rail one, the longitudinal rail one on cross slide way one, the cross slide way two located at frame opposite side and located at cross slide way There is the hydraulic tongs one for being used for clamping stationary ring, described longitudinal rail on longitudinal rail two on two, described longitudinal rail one Two are provided with the compression knot being additionally provided with the hydraulic tongs two for being used for clamping rotating ring, described longitudinal rail two for compressing rotating ring Structure.The cross slide way one set at this is parallel with cross slide way two, wherein the conveying direction of the carrier chain of cross slide way one and first Vertically.
There is the conveying direction along the first carrier chain in above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, on described longitudinal rail one The cylinder one of setting, above-mentioned hydraulic tongs one is arranged on the piston rod of the cylinder one, is had on described longitudinal rail two and is used In the bearing one for installing hydraulic tongs two, described compressing structure includes the cylinder two being inverted on bearing one and located at cylinder two Pressure head one on piston rod.
During work, hydraulic tongs one and hydraulic tongs two are moved on the material tray on the outside of the first carrier chain and captured respectively Stationary ring and rotating ring, after the water pump in assembling is flowed into the station from a upper procedure, signal is delivered to servo and can compiled by sensor Journey logic control element, control hydraulic tongs one and hydraulic tongs two move down into specified location, and hydraulic tongs one, hydraulic tongs two are loose respectively Open, mechanical seal assembly is good;Once dropped with dynamic head by cylinder two again, rotating ring is compressed.Then hydraulic tongs one and hydraulic tongs Two move up, and prepare feeding;When hydraulic tongs one and hydraulic tongs two are moved under material tray top, hydraulic tongs one and hydraulic tongs two Drop, captures stationary ring and rotating ring respectively, and specified location is returned to by the control of servo programmable logic control unit, and wait is installed next time Work.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described impeller installation unit includes flat for capturing in frame There is the slide driven by cylinder three on the manipulator one of key, manipulator two and outside plate for capturing impeller, described outside plate, Having on described slide is used to drive the driving wheel driven by electric rotating machine that water pump shaft is circumferentially rotated along its axis, institute State the axis of driving wheel and the diameter parallel of water pump vane;Described impeller installation unit also includes the cylinder four in frame With the riveted joint on the piston rod of cylinder four, described cylinder four, which is inverted, to be set, and described riveted joint is located under cylinder four Portion.
In this impeller installation unit, reduction box is provided between electric rotating machine and driving wheel, it is possible to decrease the rotating speed of driving wheel, carried The torsion of high driving wheel.After water pump enters frock position from a upper procedure, manipulator one is in servo FPGA control Specified location crawl flat key is moved in the presence of unit processed, finger is then moved to by the control of servo programmable logic control unit Positioning is put, and now electric rotating machine drives driving wheel rotation, and driving wheel drives water pump shaft rotation, when sensing spindle keyway After being rotated in place, servo programmable logic control unit control electric rotating machine stops, and flat key is encased in rotating shaft by manipulator one In keyway;Manipulator two moves to specified location in the presence of servo programmable logic control unit and takes impeller, then moves To specified location, impeller is installed in rotating shaft by manipulator two, after installing, and manipulator one and manipulator two are classified as waiting next Secondary installment work.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described package assembly also includes three units that screw, first institute The unit that screws stated is located at the preceding station of wavy spring installation manipulator, and the unit that screws described in second is pacified positioned at support Fill between manipulator and mechanical seal installation unit, the 3rd unit that screws is located at the rear station of pump housing installation manipulator, the One screws motor overturning manipulator is additionally provided between unit and wavy spring installation manipulator, the motor overturning manipulator by X-axis guide rail, Y-axis guide rail and the upset chuck driven by upset motor in Y-axis guide rail are constituted.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, the described unit that screws includes the cylinder five and gas in frame The connected fixed plate of the piston rod of cylinder five and the individual working cells for being used to be encased in screw on water pump of 1-3, the working cell includes For be connected with screw sorting mechanism delivery pipe, for by screw be encased on water pump by pneumatic screwdriver drive screw head and Have on the vertical bull stick in fixed plate, the horizontal grappling fixture for being used to capture screw located at bull stick lower end, described grappling fixture Positioning hole for carrying screw, the distance of the positioning hole center line to bull stick center line be equal to delivery pipe center line to bull stick center line away from With a distance from equal to a center line to the bull stick center line that screws.
The driving part rotated in fixed plate provided with driving bull stick along own central axis line, the driving part includes being set in Gear, the rack engaged with gear and the drive cylinder for driving rack to act on bull stick, the flexible of drive cylinder piston rod can The motion of rack is controlled, so as to control circumferentially rotating for bull stick.
Originally screw unit operation principle it is as follows:
Screw is sent in delivery pipe by screw sorting mechanism, after the last time sending screw to terminate, be may be programmed by servo Screw in delivery pipe is sent in the positioning hole of grappling fixture by logic control element by programme-control.When the last time screws end Afterwards, drive grappling fixture to swing by programme-control drive cylinder, screw feeding is screwed in head, the preparation that screws is carried out.When next Platform water pump reaches the station, after system detectio is arrived, and moves down fixed plate by the action of programme-control cylinder five, head connects when screwing When contacting water pump, pneumatic screwdriver drives the head rotation that screws, after torque reaches designated value, and system control pneumatic screwdriver stops, then cylinder Five actions move up fixed plate, and screw completion.
It is defeated provided with the side positioned at the first carrier chain sidepiece at described Stacking units in above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line Band is sent, described frame, which is provided with, to be used to capture the water pump on the first carrier chain to the first crawl machinery on the conveyer belt of side Hand, described Stacking units include several be used to capturing from the conveyer belt of side water pump can the water pump that is moved with Y-axis of X-axis grab Folder, several water pumps are grabbed folder and are uniformly distributed along the conveying direction of side conveyer belt.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described package assembly also includes the case peace that unit rear portion is tried located at gas Fill manipulator.Cover box by the crawl of the case of terminal box and is installed in place on the water pump on the conveyer belt of side by the case manipulator, Complete the installation of water pump.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, described inspection structure include along the first carrier chain conveying direction successively The electricity examination gentle examination unit of unit of setting, described electric examination unit is located in frame including the pressure head two in frame, vertically Y-axis guide rail and the sliding block in Y-axis guide rail, described sliding block is provided with the elasticity for being used for being connected with the motor terminal of water pump Thimble;Described gas examination unit include in frame can oscilaltion supporting plate, be used in supporting plate to fix water pump Pressing plate and be used to block the plug of water pump opening in supporting plate, the plug is provided with the gas prospect hole being connected with source of the gas.
When water pump is moved to pressure head two just to position along the first carrier chain, servo programmable logic control unit control Two times general who has surrendered's water pumps of pressure head processed are fixed, press rear servo programmable logic control unit control slide block two along Y-axis guide rail to Lower motion, when moving to correct position, the elastic thimble of servo programmable logic control unit control is connected with motor terminal Connect, after the time for waiting setting, servo programmable logic control unit control external power supply is opened, and electric examination is carried out to water pump, when Servo programmable logic control unit detect parallel water pump parameter it is unqualified after send alarm.When water pump moves to gas examination unit After station, pressing plate, which declines, pushes down water pump, and plug blocks each opening of water pump, opens gas source switch, tests gas from gas prospect hole Inside enter and enter promoting the circulation of qi examination in water pump to water pump, alarm is sent after system detectio is unqualified to parallel water pump parameter.
In above-mentioned water pump automatic assembly line, be additionally provided with described frame below the first carrier chain by second Motor-driven second carrier chain, the second described carrier chain is parallel with the first carrier chain, and above-mentioned catching unit includes being located at Second catching robot at electricity examination unit rear portion and the 3rd catching robot that unit rear portion is tried located at gas.
After electricity examination is finished, when finding that water pump is unqualified, manually water pump can be removed from the first carrier chain, can also led to Crossing servo programmable logic control unit controls the second catching robot to grab underproof water pump on the second carrier chain, the The traffic direction of the traffic direction of two carrier chains and the first carrier chain transports unqualified water pump to the mesh of starting point back on the contrary, reaching 's.After gas examination detects substandard product, equally substandard product can be grabbed second by the 3rd catching robot defeated Send on chain.
Compared with prior art, this water pump automatic assembly line has advantages below:
Provided with servo programmable logic control unit and sensor, the position of water pump is fed back at any time, all is dynamic All it is automatically performed, automaticity is high, and substantially increases efficiency of assembling, and stability is more preferable;Picked provided with substandard product The catching unit removed, if being found in assembling process, defective work occurs alarm and handled automatically, prevents defective work to be flowed into Subordinate's assembly line;One assembly line only needs to a small amount of workman guard, greatly reduces labour cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation for preferred embodiment that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation for Fig. 1 middle parts sub-station that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for the mechanical seal installation unit that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation for the impeller installation unit that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation for the unit that screws that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation for the working cell that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation for Fig. 1 middle parts sub-station that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation for the electricity examination unit that the present invention is provided.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that the gas that the present invention is provided tries unit.
In figure, the 1, first carrier chain;2nd, frame;3rd, wavy spring installation manipulator;4th, rotor installation manipulator;5th, support Installation manipulator;6th, pad installation manipulator;7th, pump housing installation manipulator;81st, cross slide way one;82nd, longitudinal rail one;83、 Cross slide way two;84th, longitudinal rail two;85th, hydraulic tongs one;86th, hydraulic tongs two;87th, cylinder one;88th, bearing one;89th, pressure head One;91st, manipulator one;92nd, manipulator two;93rd, outside plate;94th, cylinder three;95th, slide;96th, electric rotating machine;97th, driving wheel; 98th, cylinder four;99th, riveted joint;10th, screw unit;101st, cylinder five;102nd, fixed plate;103rd, delivery pipe;104th, pneumatic screwdriver; 105th, screw head;106th, bull stick;107th, grappling fixture;108th, positioning hole;11st, side conveyer belt;12nd, the first catching robot;13rd, grab Folder;141st, pressure head two;142nd, sliding block;143rd, elastic thimble;151st, supporting plate;152nd, pressing plate;153rd, plug;16th, the second conveying Chain;17th, the second catching robot;18th, the 3rd catching robot.
Embodiment
The following is specific embodiment of the invention and with reference to accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described, But the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Water pump automatic assembly line as shown in Figure 1, including by the first motor-driven He of first carrier chain 1 positioned at end There are the parts that the conveying direction along the first carrier chain 1 is set gradually in frame 2 located at the top of the first carrier chain 1, frame 2 Package assembly, water pump examine structure and water pump Stacking units.Package assembly, inspection structure and Stacking units and a servo are programmable Logic control element connect, examine structure at be provided with alarm and the catching unit for rejecting substandard product, alarm with Catching unit is connected with servo programmable logic control unit, and water pump location sensor is additionally provided with the first carrier chain 1.
In the present embodiment, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, package assembly includes with servo programmable logic control unit connecting respectively Wavy spring installation manipulator 3, rotor installation manipulator 4, timbering machine tool hand 5, mechanical seal installation unit, the pad connect Installation manipulator 6, impeller installation unit and pump housing installation manipulator 7, wavy spring installation manipulator 3, rotor installation manipulator 4th, timbering machine tool hand 5, mechanical seal installation unit, pad installation manipulator 6, impeller installation unit and the pump housing install machinery Conveying direction of the hand 7 along the first carrier chain 1 is set gradually.Wherein, as shown in Fig. 2 wavy spring installation manipulator 3, rotor peace Manipulator 4, timbering machine tool hand 5, pad installation manipulator 6 and pump housing installation manipulator 7 are filled by X-axis guide rail, located at X-axis Y-axis guide rail on guide rail and the chuck in Y-axis guide rail are constituted, and X-axis guide rail is vertical with the conveying direction of the first carrier chain 1, Y Axis rail can move up and down vertically along X-axis guide rail transverse movement, chuck along Y-axis guide rail.It is provided with the sidepiece of the first carrier chain 1 Last item holds frock, and before the crawl rotor of rotor installation manipulator 4, the last item holds frock by the two ends of bearing press mounting to rotor Go.
As shown in figure 3, mechanical seal installation unit includes being located at the cross slide way 1 of the side of frame 2, led located at horizontal Longitudinal rail 1 on rail 1, the cross slide way 2 83 located at the opposite side of frame 2 and indulging on cross slide way 2 83 There is the hydraulic tongs 1 for being used for clamping stationary ring, longitudinal rail 2 84, which is provided with, to be used on direction guiding rail 2 84, longitudinal rail 1 Clamp the compressing structure being additionally provided with the hydraulic tongs 2 86 of rotating ring, longitudinal rail 2 84 for compressing rotating ring.The horizontal stroke set at this Direction guiding rail 1 is parallel with cross slide way 2 83, and wherein cross slide way 1 is vertical with the conveying direction of the first carrier chain 1.
As shown in figure 3, the cylinder 1 that there is the conveying direction along the first carrier chain 1 to set on longitudinal rail 1, liquid Pressing tongs 1 is arranged on the piston rod of the cylinder 1, has the bearing for being used for installing hydraulic tongs 2 86 on longitudinal rail 2 84 One 88, compressing structure includes the cylinder two and the pressure head 1 on the piston rod of cylinder two being inverted on bearing 1.
During work, hydraulic tongs 1 and hydraulic tongs 2 86 are moved to and divided on the material tray in the outside of the first carrier chain 1 Not Zhua Qu stationary ring and rotating ring, after the water pump in assembling is flowed into the station from a upper procedure, signal is delivered to and watched by sensor Programmable logic control unit is taken, control hydraulic tongs 1 and hydraulic tongs 2 86 move down into specified location, hydraulic tongs 1, hydraulic pressure 2 86 are clamped to unclamp respectively, mechanical seal assembly is good;Declined again by cylinder two with dynamic head 1, rotating ring is compressed.Then liquid Pressing tongs 1 and hydraulic tongs 2 86 are moved up, and prepare feeding;When hydraulic tongs 1 and hydraulic tongs 2 86 are moved to above material tray, Hydraulic tongs 1 and hydraulic tongs 2 86 decline, and stationary ring and rotating ring are captured respectively, is controlled back by servo programmable logic control unit To specified location, installment work next time is waited.
Capture the manipulator 1 of flat key as shown in figure 4, impeller installation unit includes being used in frame 2, be used for Capturing on the manipulator 2 92 and outside plate 93 of impeller, outside plate 93 to have on the slide 95 driven by cylinder 3 94, slide 95 has For the driving wheel 97 driven by electric rotating machine 96 for driving water pump shaft to be circumferentially rotated along its axis, the axis of driving wheel 97 With the diameter parallel of water pump vane.As shown in figure 1, impeller installation unit also includes the cylinder 4 98 in frame 2 and is located at Riveted joint 99 on the piston rod of cylinder 4 98, cylinder 4 98, which is inverted, to be set, and riveted joint 99 is located at the bottom of cylinder 4 98.
In this impeller installation unit, reduction box is provided between electric rotating machine 96 and driving wheel 97, it is possible to decrease driving wheel 97 Rotating speed, improves the torsion of driving wheel 97.After water pump enters frock position from a upper procedure, manipulator 1 can in servo Specified location crawl flat key is moved in the presence of programmed logic control unit, then by servo programmable logic control unit control System moves to specified location, and now electric rotating machine 96 drives driving wheel 97 to rotate, and driving wheel 97 drives water pump shaft rotation, works as sense It should arrive after spindle keyway is rotated in place, servo programmable logic control unit control electric rotating machine 96 stops, manipulator one 91 are encased in flat key in the keyway of rotating shaft;Manipulator 2 92 moves to finger in the presence of servo programmable logic control unit Positioning, which is put, takes impeller, then moves to specified location, impeller is installed in rotating shaft by manipulator 2 92, after installing, manipulator 1 and manipulator 2 92 be classified as waiting installment work next time.
As shown in figure 1, package assembly is also including three units 10 that screw, first unit 10 that screws is positioned at waveform bullet The preceding station of spring installation manipulator 3, second unit 10 that screws is positioned at timbering machine tool hand 5 and mechanical seal installation unit Between, the 3rd unit 10 that screws is located at the rear station of pump housing installation manipulator 7, first screw unit 10 and waveform bullet Motor overturning manipulator is additionally provided between spring installation manipulator 3, the motor overturning manipulator is by X-axis guide rail, Y-axis guide rail and is located at The upset chuck driven by upset motor in Y-axis guide rail is constituted.
As Fig. 5 screw unit 10 include cylinder 5 101 in the frame 2, with the piston rod of cylinder 5 101 is connected consolidates Fixed board 102 and the 1-3 working cells for being encased in screw on water pump, as shown in fig. 6, working cell includes being used for and spiral shell The delivery pipe 103 of silk sorting mechanism connection, for screw to be encased on water pump screw first 105 by what pneumatic screwdriver 104 drove With the vertical bull stick 106 in fixed plate 102, the horizontal grappling fixture 107 for being used to capture screw located at the lower end of bull stick 106, grab There is the positioning hole 108 for being used for carrying screw, the distance of the center line of positioning hole 108 to the center line of bull stick 106 is equal to conveying on first 107 The distance of the center line of pipe 103 to the center line of bull stick 106 is equal to first 105 center line that screws to the distance of the center line of bull stick 106.
The driving part rotated in fixed plate 102 provided with driving bull stick 106 along own central axis line, the driving part includes The gear being set on bull stick 106, the rack engaged with gear and the drive cylinder for driving rack to act, drive cylinder piston rod Flexible controllable rack motion, so as to control circumferentially rotating for bull stick 106.
Originally screw unit 10 operation principle it is as follows:
Screw is sent in delivery pipe 103, after the last time sending screw to terminate, can be compiled by servo by screw sorting mechanism Screw in delivery pipe 103 is sent in the positioning hole 108 of grappling fixture 107 by journey logic control element by programme-control.When upper one After the secondary end that screws, drive grappling fixture 107 to swing by programme-control drive cylinder, screw feeding is screwed in first 105, carried out Screw preparation.When next water pump reaches the station, after system detectio is arrived, made by the action of programme-control cylinder 5 101 solid Fixed board 102 is moved down, when screw first 105 touch water pump when, pneumatic screwdriver 104 driving screw it is first 105 rotation, when torque reaches finger After definite value, system control pneumatic screwdriver 104 stops, and the then action of cylinder 5 101 moves up fixed plate 102, and screw completion.
As shown in fig. 7, being provided with the side conveyer belt 11 positioned at the sidepiece of the first carrier chain 1 at Stacking units, frame 2 is provided with use Captured in by the water pump on the first carrier chain 1 to the first catching robot 12 on side conveyer belt 11, Stacking units include some It is individual be used to capturing from side conveyer belt 11 water pump can the water pump that moves of X-axis and Y-axis grab folder 13, several water pumps grab folder 13 along side The conveying direction of conveyer belt 11 is uniformly distributed.
As shown in fig. 7, package assembly also includes the case installation manipulator that unit rear portion is tried located at gas, the case manipulator By the case crawl of terminal box and cover box is installed in place on the water pump on side conveyer belt 11, completes the installation of water pump.
As shown in figure 1, examining structure to include the electricity examination gentle examination of unit set gradually along the conveying direction of the first carrier chain 1 Unit, as shown in figure 8, electricity examination unit include pressure head 2 141 in the frame 2, vertical Y-axis guide rail in frame 2 and Sliding block 142 in Y-axis guide rail, sliding block 142 is provided with the elastic thimble 143 for being used for being connected with the motor terminal of water pump;Such as Shown in Fig. 9, gas examination unit include in the frame 2 can oscilaltion supporting plate 151, be used in supporting plate 151 to fix The pressing plate 152 of water pump and it is used to block the plug 153 of water pump opening in supporting plate 151, the plug 153 is provided with and gas The gas prospect hole of source connection.
When water pump is moved to pressure head 2 141 just to position along the first carrier chain 1, servo Programmable logical controller list Member control 2 141 times general who has surrendered's water pumps of pressure head fix, press rear servo programmable logic control unit control slide block 142 2 along Y-axis guide rail is moved downward, when moving to correct position, the elastic thimble 143 of servo programmable logic control unit control and electricity Generator terminal is attached, after the time for waiting setting, and servo programmable logic control unit control external power supply is opened, to water pump Carry out electric examination, when servo programmable logic control unit detect parallel water pump parameter it is unqualified after send alarm.When water pump fortune Move after gas examination unit station, pressing plate 152, which declines, pushes down water pump, and plug 153 blocks each opening of water pump, opens source of the gas and opens Close, test gas, which is entered out of gas prospect hole in water pump, enters promoting the circulation of qi examination to water pump, when system detectio does not conform to parallel water pump parameter Alarm is sent after lattice.
In the present embodiment, it is additionally provided with frame 2 defeated by second motor-driven second below the first carrier chain 1 Chain 16 is sent, the second carrier chain 16 is parallel with the first carrier chain 1, catching unit includes the second gripper located at electricity examination unit rear portion Tool hand 17 and the 3rd catching robot 18 that unit rear portion is tried located at gas.
After electricity examination is finished, when finding that water pump is unqualified, manually water pump can be removed from the first carrier chain 1, can also Control the second catching robot 17 that underproof water pump is grabbed into the second carrier chain by servo programmable logic control unit On 16, the traffic direction of the traffic direction of the second carrier chain 16 and the first carrier chain 1 on the contrary, reach by unqualified water pump transport back to The purpose of starting point.After gas examination detects substandard product, substandard product can equally be grabbed by the 3rd catching robot 18 Get on the second carrier chain 16.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to spirit explanation for example of the invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or be replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of water pump automatic assembly line, including by the first motor-driven first carrier chain (1) positioned at end and located at Frame (2) above one carrier chain (1), it is characterised in that there is the conveying along the first carrier chain (1) in described frame (2) Parts package assembly that direction is set gradually, water pump examine structure and water pump Stacking units, described package assembly, examine knot Structure and Stacking units are connected with a servo programmable logic control unit, provided with alarm and for picking at described inspection structure Except the catching unit of substandard product, described alarm connects with catching unit with described servo programmable logic control unit Connect, water pump location sensor is additionally provided with described the first carrier chain (1);Described inspection structure is included along the first carrier chain (1) the electricity examination gentle examination unit of unit that conveying direction is set gradually, described electricity examination unit includes the pressure in frame (2) First two (141), the vertically Y-axis guide rail in frame (2) and the sliding block (142) in Y-axis guide rail, described sliding block (142) it is provided with the elastic thimble (143) for being used for being connected with the motor terminal of water pump;Described gas examination unit includes being located at frame (2) on can oscilaltion supporting plate (151), in supporting plate (151) be used for fix the pressing plate (152) of water pump and located at branch It is used for the plug (153) for blocking water pump opening on fagging (151), the plug (153) is provided with the gas prospect hole being connected with source of the gas.
2. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described package assembly is included respectively with watching Take the wavy spring installation manipulator (3), rotor installation manipulator (4), timbering machine of programmable logic control unit connection Tool hand (5), mechanical seal installation unit, pad installation manipulator (6), impeller installation unit and pump housing installation manipulator (7), institute Wavy spring installation manipulator (3), rotor installation manipulator (4), timbering machine tool hand (5), the mechanical seal installation list stated Member, the conveying direction of pad installation manipulator (6), impeller installation unit and pump housing installation manipulator (7) along the first carrier chain (1) Set gradually.
3. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described mechanical seal installation unit includes Cross slide way one (81) located at frame (2) side, the longitudinal rail one (82) on cross slide way one (81), located at frame (2) cross slide way two (83) of opposite side and the longitudinal rail two (84) on cross slide way two (83), described longitudinal direction is led There is the hydraulic tongs one (85) for being used for clamping stationary ring, described longitudinal rail two (84) is provided with dynamic for clamping on rail one (82) The compressing structure for compressing rotating ring is additionally provided with the hydraulic tongs two (86) of ring, described longitudinal rail two (84).
4. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 3, it is characterised in that have on described longitudinal rail one (82) The cylinder one (87) set along the conveying direction of the first carrier chain (1), above-mentioned hydraulic tongs one (85) is arranged on the cylinder one (87) there is the bearing one (88) for being used for installing hydraulic tongs two (86), institute on piston rod, on described longitudinal rail two (84) The compressing structure stated includes the cylinder two and the pressure head one (89) on the piston rod of cylinder two being inverted on bearing one (88).
5. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described impeller installation unit includes being located at Being used in frame (2) captures the manipulator one (91) of flat key, the manipulator two (92) for capturing impeller and outside plate (93), institute Having on the slide (95) driven by cylinder three (94), described slide (95) to have on the outside plate (93) stated is used to drive water pump Rotating shaft along its axis circumferentially rotate by electric rotating machine (96) drive driving wheel (97), the axis of the driving wheel (97) with The diameter parallel of water pump vane;Described impeller installation unit also includes the cylinder four (98) being located in frame (2) and located at gas Riveted joint (99) on cylinder four (98) piston rod, described cylinder four (98), which is inverted, to be set, and described riveted joint (99) is located at gas The bottom of cylinder four (98).
6. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described package assembly is also beaten including three Screw unit (10), the unit that screws (10) described in first is located at the preceding station of wavy spring installation manipulator (3), second The individual described unit that screws (10) is located between timbering machine tool hand (5) and mechanical seal installation unit, and the 3rd is beaten spiral shell Silk unit (10) is located at the rear station of pump housing installation manipulator (7), first unit that screws (10) and wavy spring fitting machine Tool hand is additionally provided with motor overturning manipulator between (3), and the motor overturning manipulator is led by X-axis guide rail, Y-axis guide rail and located at Y-axis The upset chuck driven by upset motor on rail is constituted.
7. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the described unit that screws (10) includes setting It is used in the cylinder five (101) in frame (2), the fixed plate (102) connected with cylinder five (101) piston rod and 1-3 by spiral shell Silk is encased in the working cell on water pump, and the working cell includes delivery pipe (103), the use for being used to be connected with screw sorting mechanism In the head that screws (105) driven by pneumatic screwdriver (104) being encased in screw on water pump and it is located at vertically in fixed plate (102) Have on bull stick (106), the horizontal grappling fixture (107) for being used to capture screw located at bull stick (106) lower end, described grappling fixture (107) Have for carrying the positioning hole of screw (108), the distance of positioning hole (108) center line to bull stick (106) center line is equal to delivery pipe (103) distance of center line to bull stick (106) center line is equal to head (105) center line that screws to the distance of bull stick (106) center line.
8. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with described Stacking units and be located at the The side conveyer belt (11) of one carrier chain (1) sidepiece, described frame (2), which is provided with, to be used for the water pump on the first carrier chain (1) Crawl is to the first catching robot (12) on side conveyer belt (11), and described Stacking units, which include several, to be used for from side conveying On band (11) crawl water pump can the water pump that moves of X-axis and Y-axis grab folder (13), several water pumps grab folder (13) along side conveyer belt (11) conveying direction is uniformly distributed.
9. water pump automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with and be located in described frame (2) Below first carrier chain (1) by the second motor-driven second carrier chain (16), described the second carrier chain (16) and first Carrier chain (1) is parallel, and above-mentioned catching unit is included located at second catching robot (17) at electricity examination unit rear portion and located at gas Try the 3rd catching robot (18) at unit rear portion.
CN201610009509.1A 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Water pump automatic assembly line Active CN105436886B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105965219A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 新昌县万成科技有限公司 Automatic assembly special machine for automobile water pumps
CN106004529A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-10-12 邓凌燕 Automatic catenary cantilever pre-assembling device and assembling method thereof
CN106112466B (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-06-19 广东恒鑫智能装备股份有限公司 The automatic package system of water pump
CN106239148B (en) * 2016-09-21 2018-09-07 江门市江海区骏晖电器制造有限公司 A kind of electric machine support assembling line
CN108393686B (en) * 2018-02-08 2019-09-10 广东利迅达机器人系统股份有限公司 Driver board automatic production line
CN109794765B (en) * 2018-12-10 2020-10-30 浙江大学台州研究院 Automatic assembling and detecting production line for spring type tensioner of motorcycle
CN111085851A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-05-01 韶关市武江区冠启自动化设备设计有限公司 Automatic assembling process for centrifugal blood pump rotor
CN110893546A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-03-20 韶关市武江区冠启自动化设备设计有限公司 Production process of centrifugal blood pump rotor

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KR101184748B1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2012-10-02 (주) 청호열처리 Apparatus for automatic assembling of detent lever
CN103009056A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-03 合肥天琪机电设备有限公司 Full-automatic assembling line for electric fuel pump cores
CN103639694A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-03-19 浙江龙生汽车部件股份有限公司 Method for assembling automobile electric adjusting seat guide rails
CN204221348U (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-03-25 深圳市奥奇机电科技有限公司 The production line of pump
CN204430750U (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-07-01 浙江巨人控股有限公司 A kind of vehicle-containing assembly tool
CN205685000U (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-11-16 利欧集团浙江泵业有限公司 Water pump automatic assembly line

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