CN105432223B - A kind of stalk clears up car - Google Patents

A kind of stalk clears up car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105432223B
CN105432223B CN201510870370.5A CN201510870370A CN105432223B CN 105432223 B CN105432223 B CN 105432223B CN 201510870370 A CN201510870370 A CN 201510870370A CN 105432223 B CN105432223 B CN 105432223B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
car body
movable stand
stalk
car
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Application number
CN201510870370.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105432223A (en
Inventor
喻圣林
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Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Application filed by Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives filed Critical Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
Priority to CN201510870370.5A priority Critical patent/CN105432223B/en
Publication of CN105432223A publication Critical patent/CN105432223A/en
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Publication of CN105432223B publication Critical patent/CN105432223B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of stalk cleaning car, including car body and feeding pressure mechanism, cutting mechanism, conveying mechanism and processing mechanism;Feeding pressure mechanism includes the first movable stand, upper pressure conveyer belt, pushes conveyer belt and multiple holding pads;First movable stand is movably mounted to car body front end, and moving direction is vertical direction, and upper pressure transmits and pushed transmission belt on the first movable stand, and holding pad is arranged on upper pressure conveyer belt;Cutting mechanism is arranged on car body front end, and cutting mechanism includes expansion link and cutter head;Expansion link, which is located at, to be pushed below conveyer belt, and cutter head is arranged on expansion link away from car body one end;Conveying mechanism includes passage, material storing box and blower fan, and passage is connected with material storing box;Processing mechanism includes material guiding tube, cutting roller and bearing roller.It is of the invention effectively to adapt to the stalk cutting of different height and different toughness, and reduce the possibility that soil is brought into cut stalk.

Description

A kind of stalk clears up car
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, and in particular to a kind of stalk clears up car.
Background technology
Crop straw burning can provide potash fertilizer for vegetation, and kill the insect survived the winter, but the burning of stalk is but made to air Into serious threat, present crop straw burning is prohibited, and can contain after straw chopping as the feed of livestock but in stalk There is the excessively thick livestock of soil or stalk typically not eat, and hand harvest used mostly in current stalk removal process, It is extremely inefficient, and the harvesting effect of current straw harvesting apparatus is also bad, the root of stalk, which is stayed in, can also influence soil in soil The use in the coming year.
The content of the invention
The technical problem existed based on background technology, a kind of stalk cleaning car that the present invention is proposed.
A kind of stalk cleaning car proposed by the present invention, including car body and feeding pressure mechanism, cutting mechanism, conveying mechanism and processing Mechanism;
Feeding pressure mechanism includes the first movable stand, upper pressure conveyer belt, pushes conveyer belt and multiple holding pads;First movable stand can It is mobile to be arranged on car body front end, and moving direction is vertical direction, upper pressure conveyer belt first end is arranged on the first movable stand, on The end of conveyer belt second is pressed to be located at the first movable stand away from car body side, one end of holding pad may be rotatably mounted at pressure conveyer belt On, and circumferentially it is uniformly distributed around upper pressure conveyer belt, pushes conveyer belt first end on the first movable stand, pushes conveyer belt the Two ends be located at the first movable stand away from car body side, and push conveyer belt be located at it is upper pressure conveyer belt below, it is upper pressure conveyer belt and under Press formation guide passage between conveyer belt;
Cutting mechanism is arranged on car body front end, and cutting mechanism includes expansion link and cutter head;Expansion link, which is located at, pushes biography Band lower section is sent, cutter head is arranged on expansion link away from car body one end;
Conveying mechanism includes passage, material storing box and blower fan, and passage is connected with material storing box, and blower fan is used in material storing box Material be sucked away from from passage;
Processing mechanism includes material guiding tube, cutting roller and bearing roller, material guiding tube connection material storing box and guide passage, cutting roller and Bearing roller may be rotatably mounted at position corresponding on material guiding tube.
Preferably, cutting mechanism also includes the second movable stand, and the second movable stand is movably mounted to car body front end, and mobile Direction is vertical direction, and expansion link is arranged on the second movable stand.
Preferably, car body is provided with wagon box, and passage discharging opening is corresponding with wagon box position.
Preferably, the first licker-in is installed below car body.
Preferably, stalk cleaning car also includes root cleaning mechanism, and root cleaning mechanism includes root mounting bracket, the Two licker-ins, three-roll and impurity storage box;Mounting bracket is arranged on body rear end, and the second licker-in and three-roll are installed in mounting bracket On, the height of three-roll is higher than the height of the second licker-in, and the second licker-in and three-roll darted section are arranged in a crossed manner, impurity storage box Installed in three-roll away from the second licker-in side.
Preferably, impurity storage box side wall has bur portion, and bur portion and three-roll darted section are arranged in a crossed manner.
Preferably, root cleaning mechanism also includes isolation sandboard, and top is arranged on mounting bracket provided with isolation sandboard And above the second licker-in.
Conveyer belt is pressed to rotate and holding pad can be driven to move on when the present invention can be used, when holding pad turns to upper pressure transmission It can be rotated during the second end of band, holding pad rotates that stalk top can be pressed against and pushed on transmission belt, the cutting of cutting mechanism Cutter head can be cut off to stalk bottom, and cut-off stalk can enter guide passage with its top, and the movement of the first movable stand can To realize that the stalk to different height is cut, stalk is being admitted to material guiding tube, and is cut between cutting roller and bearing roller Enter material storing box after broken, the position that passage is sent to storage material is then sent into by blower fan.Simple in construction, the Er Qieyou of the present invention The stalk to different height of effect is cut, and the position for needing to store stalk can be effectively shredded and be transported to after cutting, is carried High stalk organic efficiency, is imitated according to the cutting that the telescopic level of the toughness adjustable telescopic rod of stalk can effectively improve stalk Really, it is to avoid soil enters material storing box.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of stalk cleaning bassinet structure schematic diagram proposed by the present invention.
Embodiment
Shown in reference picture 1, a kind of stalk cleaning car proposed by the present invention, including car body 1 and feeding pressure mechanism 2, cutting mechanism 3rd, conveying mechanism 4, processing mechanism 5 and root cleaning mechanism 6.
Feeding pressure mechanism 2 includes the first movable stand 21, upper pressure conveyer belt 22, pushes conveyer belt 23 and multiple holding pads 24;The One movable stand 21 is movably mounted to the front end of car body 1, and moving direction is vertical direction, and the upper first end of pressure conveyer belt 22 is arranged on On first movable stand 21, upper pressure conveyer belt 22 second end is located at the first movable stand 21 away from the side of car body 1, one end of holding pad 24 It may be rotatably mounted on pressure conveyer belt 22, and be circumferentially uniformly distributed around upper pressure conveyer belt 22, push the first end of conveyer belt 23 peace On the first movable stand 21, the end of conveyer belt 23 second is pushed positioned at the first movable stand 21 away from the side of car body 1, and push transmission Band 23 is located at the upper lower section of pressure conveyer belt 22, upper to press conveyer belt 22 and push formation guide passage between conveyer belt 23;
Cutting mechanism 3 is arranged on the front end of car body 1, and cutting mechanism 3 includes expansion link 31, the movable stand of cutter head 32 and second 33;Expansion link 31, which is located at, pushes the lower section of conveyer belt 23, and cutter head 32 is arranged on expansion link 31 and moved away from one end of car body 1, second Moving frame 33 is movably mounted to the front end of car body 1, and moving direction is vertical direction, and expansion link 31 is arranged on the second movable stand 33.
Conveying mechanism 4 includes passage 41, material storing box 42 and blower fan 43, and passage 41 is connected with material storing box 42, blower fan 43 For the material in material storing box 42 to be sucked away from from passage 41.
Processing mechanism 5 includes material guiding tube 51, cutting roller 52 and bearing roller 53, and the connection material storing box 42 of material guiding tube 51 and guide are logical Road, cutting roller 52 and bearing roller 53 may be rotatably mounted at position corresponding on material guiding tube 51.
Root cleaning mechanism 6 includes root mounting bracket 61, the second licker-in 62, three-roll 63 and impurity storage box 64;Mounting bracket 61 are arranged on the rear end of car body 1, and the second licker-in 62 and three-roll 63 are installed on mounting bracket 61, and the height of three-roll 63 is high In the height of the second licker-in 62, the second licker-in 62 and the darted section of three-roll 63 are arranged in a crossed manner, and impurity storage box 64 is arranged on the 3rd Licker-in 63 is away from the side of the second licker-in 62, and the side wall of impurity storage box 64 has bur portion, and bur portion is handed over the darted section of three-roll 63 Fork is set, and top is arranged on mounting bracket 61 provided with isolation sandboard 65 and positioned at the top of the second licker-in 62, and the second licker-in 62 will Stalk root spins off in soil, then impurity storage box 64 is sent into by three-roll 63, by stalk root while loosening the soil Spin off.
Pressing conveyer belt 21 to rotate on when the present invention can be used can drive holding pad 24 to move, when holding pad 24 is turned to It can be rotated during pressure 21 second end of conveyer belt, pressure conveyer belt 22 is adjusted by the first movable stand 21 and conveyer belt 23 is pushed Position, holding pad 24 rotates that stalk top can be pressed against and pushed 23 on transmission belt, passes through the second movable stand 33 and expansion link 31 To adjust the position of cutter head 32 can reduce the possibility that soil is brought into cut stalk, and cutting mechanism 3 is cut Cutter head 32 is cut to stalk bottom, and cut-off stalk can enter guide passage with its top, and stalk is being admitted to Enter material storing box 42 after being chopped into after material guiding tube 51 between cutting roller 52 and bearing roller 53, the cutter of cutting roller 52 can be used It is multiple circumferentially disposed and along the axial equally distributed blade of cutting roller around cutting roller, coordinate multiple axially arranged simultaneously along cutting roller 52 Along the axial equally distributed blade of cutting roller, then sent out by conveying mechanism 4.
In stalk storage after cutting for convenience, present embodiment, car body 1 is provided with wagon box 11, and passage 41 discharges Mouth is corresponding with the position of wagon box 11.
In present embodiment, the lower section of car body 1 is provided with the first licker-in 12, and the second licker-in 62 can be improved while loosening the soil The effect of work.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of stalk clears up car, it is characterised in that:Including car body (1) and feeding pressure mechanism (2), cutting mechanism (3), conveying mechanism And processing mechanism (5) (4);
Feeding pressure mechanism (2) includes the first movable stand (21), upper pressure conveyer belt (22), pushes conveyer belt (23) and multiple holding pads (24);First movable stand (21) is movably mounted to car body (1) front end, and moving direction is vertical direction, upper pressure conveyer belt (22) first end is arranged on the first movable stand (21), and upper pressure conveyer belt (22) second end is located at the first movable stand (21) away from car Body (1) side, one end of holding pad (24) may be rotatably mounted on pressure conveyer belt (22), and circumferential around upper pressure conveyer belt (22) It is uniformly distributed, pushes conveyer belt (23) first end on the first movable stand (21), push the end of conveyer belt (23) second and be located at First movable stand (21) pushes conveyer belt (23) below upper pressure conveyer belt (22) away from car body (1) side, upper pressure transmission Band (22) and push formation guide passage between conveyer belt (23);
Cutting mechanism (3) is arranged on car body (1) front end, and cutting mechanism (3) includes expansion link (31) and cutter head (32);It is flexible Bar (31), which is located at, to be pushed below conveyer belt (23), and cutter head (32) is arranged on expansion link (31) away from car body (1) one end;
Conveying mechanism (4) includes passage (41), material storing box (42) and blower fan (43), and passage (41) connects with material storing box (42) Logical, blower fan (43) is used to the material in material storing box (42) being sucked away from from passage (41);
Processing mechanism (5) includes material guiding tube (51), cutting roller (52) and bearing roller (53), material guiding tube (51) connection material storing box (42) With guide passage, cutting roller (52) and bearing roller (53) may be rotatably mounted at position corresponding on material guiding tube (51).
2. stalk according to claim 1 clears up car, it is characterised in that:Cutting mechanism (3) also includes the second movable stand (33), the second movable stand (33) is movably mounted to car body (1) front end, and moving direction is vertical direction, expansion link (31) peace Mounted in the second movable stand (33).
3. stalk according to claim 1 clears up car, it is characterised in that:Car body (1) is provided with wagon box (11), passage (41) discharging opening is corresponding with wagon box (11) position.
4. stalk according to claim 1 clears up car, it is characterised in that:The first licker-in (12) is installed below car body (1).
5. the stalk cleaning car according to claim 1-4 any one, it is characterised in that:The stalk cleaning car also includes Root cleaning mechanism (6), root cleaning mechanism (6) include root mounting bracket (61), the second licker-in (62), three-roll (63) and Impurity storage box (64);Mounting bracket (61) is arranged on car body (1) rear end, and the second licker-in (62) and three-roll (63) are installed in installation On frame (61), the height of three-roll (63) is higher than the height of the second licker-in (62), the second licker-in (62) and three-roll (63) Darted section is arranged in a crossed manner, and impurity storage box (64) is arranged on three-roll (63) away from the second licker-in (62) side.
6. stalk according to claim 5 clears up car, it is characterised in that:Impurity storage box (64) side wall has bur portion, bur Portion and three-roll (63) darted section are arranged in a crossed manner.
7. stalk according to claim 5 clears up car, it is characterised in that:Root cleaning mechanism (6) also includes isolation sand Plate (65), top is arranged on mounting bracket (61) and above the second licker-in (62) provided with isolation sandboard (65).
CN201510870370.5A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of stalk clears up car Active CN105432223B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510870370.5A CN105432223B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of stalk clears up car

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510870370.5A CN105432223B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of stalk clears up car

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CN105432223A CN105432223A (en) 2016-03-30
CN105432223B true CN105432223B (en) 2017-07-28

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108156936B (en) * 2018-02-13 2020-11-20 徐维伟 Medical industry medicinal material wheat wormwood seed separation harvester

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2346168Y (en) * 1998-11-10 1999-11-03 李君峰 Maize harvesting and stalk shredder
CN2574358Y (en) * 2002-10-22 2003-09-24 河北农哈哈机械有限公司 Field straw ensiling harvestor
EP1847169A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-10-24 CLAAS Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen GmbH Method and device for regulating the cutting length of a straw cutter in an agricultural harvester
CN201123249Y (en) * 2007-12-11 2008-10-01 宋晓祥 Multifunctional self-propelled small maize combine harvester
CN201591020U (en) * 2010-01-11 2010-09-29 魏德钦 Miniature cotton straw harvesting crusher
CN202112053U (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-01-18 沈阳农业大学 Air-aspiration type composite straw returning machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2346168Y (en) * 1998-11-10 1999-11-03 李君峰 Maize harvesting and stalk shredder
CN2574358Y (en) * 2002-10-22 2003-09-24 河北农哈哈机械有限公司 Field straw ensiling harvestor
EP1847169A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-10-24 CLAAS Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen GmbH Method and device for regulating the cutting length of a straw cutter in an agricultural harvester
CN201123249Y (en) * 2007-12-11 2008-10-01 宋晓祥 Multifunctional self-propelled small maize combine harvester
CN201591020U (en) * 2010-01-11 2010-09-29 魏德钦 Miniature cotton straw harvesting crusher
CN202112053U (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-01-18 沈阳农业大学 Air-aspiration type composite straw returning machine

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