CN105431699A - Heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet and/or or dry mode - Google Patents

Heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet and/or or dry mode Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105431699A
CN105431699A CN201480028689.7A CN201480028689A CN105431699A CN 105431699 A CN105431699 A CN 105431699A CN 201480028689 A CN201480028689 A CN 201480028689A CN 105431699 A CN105431699 A CN 105431699A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fluid
array
pipeline
port
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201480028689.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁·卡顿
Original Assignee
E-多科技制造系统有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201361808608P priority Critical
Priority to US61/808,608 priority
Priority to US201361819743P priority
Priority to US61/819,743 priority
Application filed by E-多科技制造系统有限公司 filed Critical E-多科技制造系统有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2014/033056 priority patent/WO2014165811A1/en
Publication of CN105431699A publication Critical patent/CN105431699A/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/0066Multi-circuit heat-exchangers, e.g. integrating different heat exchange sections in the same unit or heat-exchangers for more than two fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/14Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers comprising also a non-direct contact heat exchange
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/047Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D1/0477Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag the conduits being bent in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F21/00Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials
    • F28F21/06Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials of plastics material
    • F28F21/062Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials of plastics material the heat-exchange apparatus employing tubular conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F21/00Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials
    • F28F21/06Constructions of heat-exchange apparatus characterised by the selection of particular materials of plastics material
    • F28F21/067Details
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/007Auxiliary supports for elements
    • F28F9/013Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/007Auxiliary supports for elements
    • F28F9/013Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies
    • F28F9/0131Auxiliary supports for elements for tubes or tube-assemblies formed by plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • F28F9/04Arrangements for sealing elements into header boxes or end plates
    • F28F9/16Arrangements for sealing elements into header boxes or end plates by permanent joints, e.g. by rolling
    • F28F9/162Arrangements for sealing elements into header boxes or end plates by permanent joints, e.g. by rolling by using bonding or sealing substances, e.g. adhesives
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C2001/006Systems comprising cooling towers, e.g. for recooling a cooling medium

Abstract

A heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet mode, dry mode, or both wet and dry mode comprises a plurality of layers of tube arrays arranged in a folded serpentine or stacked relationship such that fluid passes through each layer in a generally lateral manner, through a layer transition portion that conveys fluid to a lower layer of tube arrays existing at a lower elevation, one or more spray nozzles are located above an array of tubing and adapted to spray fluid onto the one or more arrays of tubing located below, and at least one fluid router is configured to convey process fluid only into the arrays of tubing in dry mode, only to the spray nozzles in wet mode, or to both into the arrays of tubing and to the spray nozzles.

Description

Be applicable to the heat-exchange system optionally with wet type and/or dry mode operation

Related application reference

The U.S.'s No. 61/808608 SProvisional Patent case of subject application request application on April 4th, 2013 is priority, and the explanation of this patent adds as a reference at this.

Background technology

A. technical field

The present invention is the field about process fluid cooling generally.More particularly, the invention relates to a kind of heat-exchange system and method, for optionally with wet type and/or dry mode process for cooling fluid.

B. background technology

Prior art

Cooling tower, being considered to open heat-exchange system, is the method that the most effective process fluid from heat (normally water) discharges heat.They inherently high efficiency be due to heat is flow through the direct underground heat of the process fluid flow of plastic tower packing and passed by downward trickle and move to the outer air stream up flowing through this medium.

Process fluid by heat is discharged heat by evaporation part component fluid (usually about total flow 1%) by cooling tower.Cooling tower can carry out the cooling every square feet tower packing of about 2.5 tons, but fluid cooling can only be carried out 1.5 tons every square feet (being less than 40%).

Closed-loop path fluid cooler, is considered to closed type exchange system, in-site installation serial or parallel connection flowing cooling tower, thus conserves water in warmer field operation temperature course.Closed-loop path fluid cooler is indirectly discharged heat by heat transfer via tube wall by warm process water and is fixedly exposed to water smoke to the usual fluid cooler heat exchanger of outer air stream to prevent corrosion from being produced to resist by galvanized steel.But galvanizing coating is only in outside.Therefore, the cycling use of water of open system that exposes to the sun of continuity ground vapour is rapidly inside deteriorated steel pipe.For this reason, for the fluid cooler that aeration water is operated in open system by described pipeline inside, stainless steel tube coil or polymer pipe coil are needs.

Wish a kind of heat-exchange system, it can optionally operate with wet mode (such as cooling tower) or with drying mode (such as liquid chiller).Operator optionally can cut heat-exchange system between each pattern, and it depends on desired cooling capacity, ambient climate, and plume is eliminated and/or water evaporation/loss.

The pipeline forming fluid cooler coil also can be used as the medium of surface area, is similar to filling plastic material in cooling tower.If water is sprayed on pipeline, extra steam heat exchange will be sprayed to pipeline and when being evaporated in spray water from process fluid heat transfer by tube wall.Therefore, need that there is heat-exchange system, wherein process water can be guided through at first to become inside pipeline closed-loop path fluid cooler and again via the assembly of spray water outside pipeline, pipeline has the advantage of process water by system twice.

When heat-exchange system is with wet mode and mixing wet type/drying mode operation, the air of evaporation process is used as to have dust, pollen and rubbish are wherein, and it leaves over detritus in lower water mobile by being rinsed during tower packing, it is collected in storage tank and becomes maintenance issues, and it can stopped nozzles and heat transfer pipeline.Therefore, need a kind of heat-exchange system, it is integrally in conjunction with debris filter and automatically rinse or cleaning and filtering component and only have seldom or do not have operator to get involved.

No. 3994995th, the U.S. patent discloses a kind of wet type/dry cooling tower, and it has upper tubular heat-exchange section and is positioned at above lower inclination inserts section.In upper tubular section after part cooling, liquid is led on underlying film inserts section or streamed, and it depends on cooling requirement.

No. 4112027th, the U.S. discloses a kind of drying of separation and wet type discharge-channel in the cold tower of heat exchange.No. 4122027th, the U.S. patent discloses a kind of merging directly and indirect cooling device and method.European patent EP 092246 discloses a kind of method of drying/wet cooling tower, and it has being connected in series of at least part of dry part and wet type part.

Summary of the invention

The present invention's object is to provide a kind of heat-exchange system and method optionally to operate process for cooling water with wet type and/or drying mode.The object of the invention is to obtain the heat-exchange system compared with high cooling efficiency, provide the flexibility of wet type and/or drying process simultaneously, it uses least square length area coverage.The present invention operates with wet type and/or drying mode with can making heat-exchange system and method choice and abatement plume operates and is configured to process for cooling water.Object of the present invention can use wet type/dry type heat-exchange system, and it integrally comprises debris filter and automatically rinses or filter rinsed, and it utilizes less or gets involved without operator.

The invention relates to a kind of heat-exchange system is applicable to optionally with wet type, dry or wet and drying mode operation.Heat-exchange system comprises pipe fitting access road array, and it is extended to by predetermined length inlet manifold end storage tank and changes end.Return duct communication of fluid changes end to pipeline second channel array by line inlet channel array.Pipeline second time channel array extends to the second end from predetermined length first end return duct.Second channel array is present in below access road array and defines first part encapsulating, and it is present in access road array, return duct, and between second channel array.Second return duct communication of fluid by the second end of pipeline second channel array to pipeline third channel array.The third channel array of pipeline extends to tail end at leading end portion place by the second return duct predetermining length.Third channel array is present in below second channel array and defines the second part encapsulating, and it is present in second channel array, the second return duct, and between third channel array.One or more pipeline further channel array is present in below previous lane and with fluid and is communicated with.One or more further channel array forms pipeline and stops channel array.

Water is used in open heat-exchange system usually.But, use interchangeably with water at this so-called " fluid ".This exchange uses not to be expected and limits the scope of the invention.

For the ease of wet mode operation, one or more spray nozzle is positioned at above pipeline array and makes for spray fluid on the one or more pipeline arrays being positioned at below.At least one fluid path selector is configured to only to transmit process fluid and enters drying mode pipeline array, only arrives the spray nozzle of wet mode, or arrives both pipeline array and spray nozzle.

In drying mode, air is taken out to be drawn on the pipe fitting forming pipeline array and by part encapsulating, simultaneously fluid be cooled in fluid optionally selecting paths by inlet manifold end storage tank by when arriving outlet inside one or more pipeline array.In wet mode, air is taken out to be drawn on the pipe fitting forming pipeline array and by part encapsulating, simultaneously fluid optionally one or more spray nozzle on selecting paths to one or more pipeline array.In mixed mode, in process water selecting paths to array and to spray nozzle.

Heat-exchange system is fixed in the cabinet with fan system usually draws air via coil up to take out, wherein cooling water is dumped to tank by spray nozzle and/or outlet, is collected and is back to process heat load get back to heat-exchange system to complete circulation to be removed heat by process heat load and to transmit process water at this place's water.

In another embodiment, heat exchanger comprises one group of multilayer pipe linear array and is configured to stack relation, makes fluid usually change part by every one deck to the pipeline array lower floor being positioned at lower height in side direction mode via one deck.One group of multiple part encapsulating is present between two-layer pipeline array and one deck transformation part.At least one part encapsulating is present in above one deck pipeline array and comprises nozzle other part encapsulatings one or more in one group of multilayer pipe linear array and/or below being positioned at of one or more spraying liquid.Fluid path selector optionally direct fluid in order to each pipe fitting of multilayer pipeline and/or to one group of multiple nozzle.Wherein process fluid cooling is to one or more spreader nozzle and take out and draw air on the multiple tube surface of one of formation one group of multilayer pipeline group by direct fluid to group multilayer pipe linear array and/or direct fluid.

In an embodiment of the invention, cooling fluid method comprises provides heat-exchange system, it can optionally with wet mode or drying mode operation, heat-exchange system comprises multilayer pipe linear array and is configured to stack and/or the relation of serpentine curved, make fluid usually in side direction mode by every one deck, via transmit fluid to be positioned at lower height pipeline array lower floor one deck change part arrive outlet.Above at least one deck that the encapsulating of at least one part is present in multilayer pipeline and comprise one or more nozzle with spraying liquid on one or more layers pipeline array and/or in other part encapsulatings one or more, it is formed at two interlayers of multilayer.Air is taken out to be drawn on the multiple pipe fittings forming one or more layers pipeline array, and fluid is led to fluid path selector, its function is fluid transmission (a) is entered to interior arrival of the multiple pipe fittings forming multilayer pipe linear array to export, and/or (b) is to one or more nozzle.

Other features of the present invention, advantage and embodiment are openly gone out from following detailed description or become clear.In addition, people understand summary of the invention above and detailed description hereafter and to explain further and not as limiting the scope of the invention for exemplary and expection provide.

Accompanying drawing illustrates:

Accompanying drawing expection provides to understand the present invention further and add at this and forms description some, and it demonstrates the embodiment of the present invention and companion describes the illustratively principle of the invention in detail.

Fig. 1 is heat-exchange system embodiment of the present invention part front schematic view.

Fig. 2 is the heat-exchange system embodiment part front schematic view that the present invention operates with drying mode.

Fig. 3 is the heat-exchange system embodiment part front schematic view that the present invention operates with wet mode.

Fig. 4 is the heat-exchange system embodiment part perspective schematic view that the present invention operates with wet mode, and it has entrance side fluid path selector.

Fig. 5 is the part perspective section figure that the present invention forms passage or one deck pipeline array embodiment.

Fig. 6 is the part sectional drawing that the present invention forms passage or one deck pipeline array embodiment.

Fig. 7 is the part perspective schematic view of inlet manifold end of the present invention storage tank embodiment, and it demonstrates plate of coming in and going out is unlimited and debris filter.

Fig. 8 is the part perspective schematic view of inlet manifold end of the present invention storage tank embodiment, and it demonstrates plate of coming in and going out is closed.

Fig. 9 a demonstrates the fragmentary sectional schematic diagram according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side fluid path selector in primary importance.

Fig. 9 b demonstrates the perspective view according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side fluid path selector in primary importance.

Figure 10 a demonstrates the fragmentary sectional schematic diagram according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side fluid path selector in the second position.

Figure 10 b demonstrates the perspective view according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side fluid path selector in the second position.

Figure 11 a demonstrates the perspective view according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side valve body.

Figure 11 b demonstrates the perspective view according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side valve body.

Figure 11 c demonstrates the perspective view according to embodiment of the present invention entrance side valve body.

Figure 12 demonstrates the schematic diagram according to embodiment of the present invention drying mode heat-exchange system.

Figure 13 demonstrates the schematic diagram being converted to wet mode heat-exchange system according to the embodiment of the present invention by drying mode.

Figure 14 demonstrates the schematic diagram according to embodiment of the present invention drying mode heat-exchange system.

The detailed description of embodiment

With reference now to general accompanying drawing, particularly Fig. 1-Fig. 4, the embodiment of the present invention is about a kind of heat-exchange system 11, is applicable to optionally with wet mode, drying mode, or operates both wet type and drying mode.Heat-exchange system 11 comprises entrance channel array 13, and it extends to transformation end 17 by predetermining length entries manifold end storage tank 15.Return duct 19 communication of fluid changes end 17 to pipe fitting second channel array 21 by line inlet channel array 13.The return duct 19 that pipeline second channel array 21 predetermines length by first end 23 extends to the second end 25 place.Second channel array 21 is present in below access road array 13 and defines first part encapsulating 27, and it is present in access road array 11, return duct 19, and between second channel array.Second return duct 29 communication of fluid is by the second end 25 to the pipe fitting third channel array 31 of pipe fitting second channel array 21.The second return duct 29 that pipe fitting third channel array 31 predetermines length by leading end 33 extends to tail end 35.Third channel array is present in below second channel array 21 and defines the second part encapsulating 37, and it is present in second channel array 21, second return duct 29, and between third channel array 31.One or more further channel array 39 is present in below previous lane 13/21/31 and with its fluid and is communicated with.One or more further channel battle array 39 arranges and forms pipeline termination channel array 41, and its communication of fluid is to outlet 43.

Briefly with reference to figure 5-6, it demonstrates the one group of multiple pipe fitting 51 forming channel array 13/21/31/39.Many independent pipe fitting 51a form every an array 13/21/31/39.

In order to help wet mode to operate, one or more spray nozzle 45 pipelines are above array 13/21/31/39 and be applicable to spray fluid to being positioned on the one or more pipeline array in below.At least one fluid path selector 49 is configured under drying mode, transmit process fluid and only enters pipeline array 13/21/31/39, and lower of wet mode arrives spray nozzle 45, or enters both pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and spray nozzle 45.

In drying mode, air is taken out and is drawn on the pipe fitting 51 forming pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and via part encapsulating 27/37/47, simultaneously when fluid optionally selecting paths be cooled by fluid during inlet manifold end storage tank 15 to outlet 43 through one or more pipeline array 13/21/31/39.In wet mode, air is taken out and is drawn on the pipe fitting 51 forming pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and via part encapsulating 27/37/47, and fluid is by one or more spray nozzle 45 on optionally selecting paths to one or more pipeline array 13/21/31/39 simultaneously.In mixed mode, process water selecting paths is to array 13/21/31/39 and arrive spray nozzle 45.

Heat-exchange system 11 is fixed in the cabinet with fan system usually draws air via array 13/21/31/39 up to take out, wherein cooling water 43 is injected into tank by spray nozzle 45 and/or outlet, to be collected and pump is transported to process heat load and gets back to heat-exchange system 11 to complete circulation to be removed heat by process heat load and to transmit process water at this place's water.

Unify in item embodiment at heat exchange series of the present invention, fluid path selector 49 comprises entrance side liquid path selector 49a and is positioned at storage tank upstream, inlet manifold end.Entrance side fluid path selector 49a is applicable to optionally direct fluid (i) [drying mode] to inlet manifold end storage tank 15 and enters pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and arrive outlet 43 and/or (ii) [wet mode] to one or more spray nozzle 45.Entrance side fluid path selector 49a is two valves, or three-way valve, and it is connected to process water source, a supply line array 13/21/31/39, and another one supply spray nozzle 45.Preferential employing three-way valve.

But any one valve implementing required function is gratifying.Other embodiments of entrance side fluid path selector 49a will illustrate at this.

Unify in item preferred embodiments at heat exchange series of the present invention, fluid path selector 49 comprises outlet side fluid path selector 49b and is positioned at pipeline array outlets 43 downstream.Outlet side fluid path selector 49b be applicable to optionally direct fluid by exporting 43 to one or more spray nozzle 45 and/or to tank.Outlet side fluid path selector 49b is two valves, or three-way valve, and it is connected to outlet, a spray nozzle 45, and another one is disposed to tank or technique heating load is got back in guiding.Preferential employing three-way valve.But any one valve implementing required function is gratifying.Other embodiments of entrance side fluid path selector 49a will illustrate at this.

In another embodiment of heat-exchange system 11 of the present invention, fluid path selector 49 direct fluid (i) is to inlet manifold end storage tank 15, and wherein fluid passage enters pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and arrives outlet 43 and/or (ii) [in wet mode] extremely one or more spray nozzle 45.Thus, process fluid can by differing from entrance side and outlet side position pipeline array 13/21/31/39 selecting paths, such as, at second channel array 21 or further channel array 39 place.Valve configuration similar illustrated by this can be used in.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention, heat-exchange system 11 further comprises high surface area media 53, and it is contained in one or more encapsulating 27/37/47.When being sprayed on the liquid on one or more pipeline array and/or medium with cooling on medium when air and liquid exposure, high surface area media 53 provides evaporation surface to promote that heat of evaporation exchanges.This high surface area media or tower packing can be provided by manufacturer, and it comprises the BrentwoodIndustries being positioned at ReadingPennsylvania.

In heat-exchange system 11 embodiment of the present invention, one or more access road array 13, second channel array 21, third channel array 31, and one or more further channel array 39 is the configuration of plate object pattern, it defines by being present in pipe fitting sheet manifold on each end.Pipe fitting sheet manifold is provided as common feed line and does flowing transformation to the chien shih fluid forming channel array more than 13/21/31/39 pipe fitting.

In heat-exchange system 11 embodiment of the present invention, one or more access road array 13/21/31/39 is continuity coil configuration, it makes each pipe fitting 51a of one group of multiple pipe fitting 51 comprise one or more pipeline array 13/21/31/39 to be extended by inlet manifold end storage tank 15 continuity, form one or more return duct 19/29, arrive outlet 43.

With reference to figure 7-8, in heat-exchange system 11 embodiment of the present invention, inlet manifold end storage tank 15 comprises at least one wallboard 55, and it is done to flow at the chien shih fluid of common conduit 57 and formation access road array more than 13 pipe fitting 51 and changes.

In heat-exchange system embodiment of the present invention, inlet manifold end storage tank 15 further comprises debris filter 59 and is present in common conduit 57 and is formed between access road array more than 13 pipe fitting 51.Debris filter 59 collects chip in fluid, and this fluid is sent to inlet manifold end storage tank 15 to prevent the blocking of heat-exchange system 11 pipe fitting array 13/21/31/39 by common conduit 57.Preferentially, turnover plate object 61 is formed at least one wallboard 55 and can passes in and out debris filter 59 to carry out checking and cleaning.

In heat-exchange system 11 embodiment of the present invention, line inlet channel array 13 is positioned at the transformation end 17 higher relative to inlet manifold end storage tank 15 to be sentenced by utilizing fluid to be flowed back flush and automatically cleared of debris filter 59 via the gravity that debris filter 59 arrives common conduit 57 by access road array 13.Close fluid when path selector 49 to flow to common conduit and open common conduit 54 to drainpipe, in access road array 13 produce reverse fluid flow and impel fluid countercurrent current by debris filter 59 with cleaned filter 59 chip to common conduit 57 and arrive drainpipe.

In heat-exchange system 11 embodiment of the present invention, line inlet channel array 13 is positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 and rises to the fog above one or more spray nozzle 45 with auxiliary elimination, and it is the fog being risen through line inlet channel array 13 by heating.

In heat-exchange system 11 preferred embodiments of the present invention, one or more pipeline array 13/21/31/39 is positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 and rises to the fog above one or more spray nozzle 45 with auxiliary elimination, and it is the fog being risen through the one or more pipeline arrays 13/21/31/39 be positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 by heating.

Illustrate in addition, heat exchanger 11 comprises multilayer pipe linear array 13/21/31/39 and is arranged in the relation stacked, fluid is passed through by every one deck 13/21/31/39 roughly in a lateral manner in order, change part 19/29/29a by one deck, it transmits the lower level pipeline array 21/31/39 of fluid to lower position.Part encapsulating 27/37/47 is present between two-layer channel array 13/21/31/39.At least one part encapsulating 27/37/47 to be present in above one deck pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and above one or more pipeline array layer 13/21/31/39 and/or to one or more, to be positioned at other encapsulatings 27/37/47 below nozzle 45 with spraying liquid containing one or more nozzle 45.Path selector 45 optionally direct fluid enters in multilayer pipe linear array 13/21/31/39 and/or one or more nozzle 45.Wherein, heat exchanger can process for cooling water, it enters multilayer pipe linear array 13/21/31/39 and/or direct fluid to one or more spreader nozzle 45 by direct fluid, and take out and draw air and reach on the multiple tube surface forming multilayer pipe linear array.

In embodiments of the present invention, heat exchanger 11 further comprises and further comprises high surface area media 53, and it is contained in one or more encapsulating 27/37/47.When being sprayed on the liquid on one or more pipeline array 13/21/31/39 and/or medium 53 with cooling on medium when air and liquid exposure, high surface area media 53 provides evaporation surface.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, one or more layers array 13/21/31/39 is the configuration of plate object pattern, and it defines by being present in pipe fitting sheet manifold on each end.Pipe fitting sheet manifold is provided as common feed line and does flowing transformation to the chien shih fluid forming channel array more than 13/21/31/39 pipe fitting.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, one or more layers array 13/21/31/39 is the configuration of continuity coil bending, it makes one deck pipeline array 13/21/31/39 be extended by entrance 13 continuity by each pipe fitting 51a of entrance 13, form layer change part 19 and one or more additional conduits array layer 21/31/39 and extra transition partly 29/29a, arrive outlet 43.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, entrance comprises entrance manifold end storage tank 15, and it has previously illustrated characteristic.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, line inlet channel array 13 improves height with by utilizing fluid to be flowed back flush and automatically cleared of debris filter 59 via the gravity that debris filter 59 arrives common conduit 57 by access road array 13 relative to inlet manifold end storage tank 15 changing end 17.Close fluid when path selector 49 flow to common conduit 57 and open common conduit 54 to drainpipe, in access road array 13 produce reverse fluid flow and impel fluid countercurrent current by debris filter 59 with cleaned filter 59 chip to common conduit 57 and arrive drainpipe.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, suction line channel array 13 is positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 and rises to the fog above one or more spray nozzle 45 with auxiliary elimination, and it is the fog being risen through line inlet channel array by heating.

In heat exchanger 11 embodiment of the present invention, one or more layers pipeline array 13/21/31/39 is positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 and rises to the fog above one or more spray nozzle 45 with auxiliary elimination, and it is the fog being risen through the one or more pipeline arrays 13/21/31/39 be positioned at above one or more spray nozzle 45 by heating.

The present invention further comprises the method for cooling fluid.Heat-exchange system 11 is provided optionally to operate with wet mode or drying mode.Heat-exchange system 11 is as illustrated by this.Air takes out the multiple pipe fitting 51a drawn by forming one or more layers pipeline array 13/21/31/39, and air is further taken out and drawn by one or more part encapsulating 27/37/47.Fluid is directed to path selector 49/49a/49b, and its function is transmit fluid (a) to enter the interior arrival outlet of the multiple pipe fittings forming multilayer pipe fitting array, and/or (b) arrives one or more nozzle.

In embodiments of the present invention, direct fluid to the step of fluid path selector comprises and enters by process flow body source transmission class body the multiple pipe fittings 51 forming multilayer pipe fitting array 13/21/31/39 and arrive outlet 43.At least one outlet pathway selector 49b is positioned at outlet 43 place and optionally transmits fluid by exporting 43 to one or more nozzle 45, or transmits fluid by exporting 43 to tank.

Especially with reference to figure 9-14, usually with reference to institute's drawings attached, in embodiments of the present invention, the step of " direct fluid is to path selector " comprises the side liquid path selector 49a that provides access.Entrance side fluid path selector 49a is positioned at multilayer pipe fitting array 13/21/31/39 upstream.

In preferred embodiments, entrance side fluid path selector 49a comprises pipe shape shell 65 to be made for bearing valve body 67.The shell 65 of pipe shape comprises having structure feature:

I () process fluid source port 69 is to receive the process fluid transmitted from source of supply;

(ii) pipe port 71 is to be communicated with common conduit 57 to the multilayer pipeline array 13/21/31/39 of process fluid via inlet manifold end storage tank 15,

(iii) port 73 is sprayed to be communicated with process fluid to one or more nozzle 45, and

(iv) signal pressure port 75 is to be communicated with from the signal pressure in signal fluid source to valve body 67,

V () drain outlet port 75 is to be communicated with common conduit 57 to the drainpipe of back washing process fluid via inlet manifold end storage tank 15.

In preferred embodiments, valve body 67 comprises having structure feature:

I () signal pressure reading surface 79 to slide in pipe shape shell 65 by primary importance to the second place to impel valve body 67 relative to process fluid pressure reading surface 81, it depends on to exist relative to the signal pressure putting on signal pressure port 75 putting on process fluid source port 81 process fluid pressure

(ii) the first perforate or path 83, it is communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port 69 to spraying port 73 when valve body 67 is positioned at primary importance,

(iii) the second perforate or path 83, it is communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port 69 to line ports 71 when valve body 67 is positioned at the second place,

(iv) the 3rd perforate or path 87, it is communicated with back washing process fluid by line ports 71 to drain outlet port 77 when valve body 67 is positioned at primary importance, allow any chip to be rushed by debris filter to be improved relative to inlet manifold end storage tank in transformation end except to drainpipe in access road pipeline array 13

V () signal pressure release openings or path 89, its communications signals fluid is back to the second place by signal reading surface 79 to the first perforate 83 and/or the second perforate when signal pressure stops impelling valve body 67.

In operation, process fluid is pumped to the process fluid source port 69 of entrance side fluid path selector 49a by process fluid thermal source.Be communicated with the signal pressure port 75 of entrance side fluid path selector 49a by being positioned at the signal fluid source that far-end operation person controls with valve.In preferred embodiments, signal fluid source is running water or auxiliary water source, and it is about the supply of 60-100psi scope with the pressure of living service water, also can meet although the household of lower pressure supplies water.Running water utilizes operating valve and entrance side path selector 49a to isolate.Preferentially operating valve is ball valve or similar manually operated valve.But, automatic valve operation can be added with actuate operation valve.

In the purposes of the operating valve of signal pressure port 75 place controlled pressure for valve body 67 can be made distally to actuate.Heat-exchange system is positioned on roof.Not allow operator climb and arrive heat-exchange system 11 place on roof, the inventive method provides valve to be positioned at heat-exchange system far-end, and being configured at operator can easily close to place.Similarly, the electromechanical components guiding process fluid path need be safeguarded and also need to isolate with electric power system.By opening operation valve, tap water pressure is communicated with signal pressure port 75.Relative to signal port 75 place lower pressure, the elevated pressures that pump is transported to process fluid source port 69 impels valve body to slide into primary importance (being shown in wet mode in Fig. 9 a and 9b) by the second place (being shown in drying mode in Figure 10 a and 10b).

Consult Fig. 9 a and 9b, 11a-11c, and 14, when valve body 67 be wet mode or in the second place time, the first perforate or communication process fluid by the liquid source port 69 of technique to sprinkling port 73.

With reference to figure 10a and 10b, 11a-11c, and 12, when operating valve is closed, the valve body 67 of entrance side fluid path selector 49a moves to the second place.The second place can make process fluid by process fluid source port 69 via the second perforate or communication to line ports 71, it impels drying mode to operate.

Consult Fig. 9 a and 9b, 11a-11c, and 13, when operating valve is opened again, the valve body 67 of entrance side fluid path selector 48a moves to primary importance (Fig. 9 a-9b) and allows process fluid to be communicated to nozzle 45, changes wet mode into by drying mode.3rd perforate or communication back washing process fluid by pipe port 71 via inlet manifold end storage tank common conduit to drain outlet port 77.Change end at pipeline 13 access road array to be improved relative to inlet manifold end storage tank 15, this situation can make any chip punching of debris filter remove to drainpipe.

Although specific embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to accompanying drawing in detail at this, people should be understood that the present invention is not limited to these specific embodiments, and various change and amendment, comprise the order omitted step or exchange step, can be realized by those skilled in the art and the scope of the invention or spirit of the present invention can't be departed from.

Claims (23)

1. be applicable to the heat-exchange system optionally with wet type or drying mode operation, this system comprises:
Line inlet channel array, it is extended to by the inlet manifold end storage tank predetermining length and changes end;
Return duct, with the transformation end communication of fluid by line inlet channel array to pipeline second channel array;
Pipeline second channel array extends to the second end by predetermining first end return duct;
Second channel array is present in below access road array and defines first part encapsulating, and it is present in access road array, return duct, and between second channel array;
Second return duct communication of fluid by the second end of pipeline second channel array to pipeline third channel array;
The third channel array of pipeline extends to tail end at leading end portion place by the second return duct predetermining length;
Third channel array is present in below second channel array and defines the second part encapsulating, and it is present in second channel array, the second return duct, and between third channel array;
Be communicated with below the previous lane that one or more pipeline further channel array is present in one or more pipeline further channel array and with its fluid, pipeline stops channel array and outlet;
One or more nozzle is arranged in part above pipeline array and encapsulates and make in spray fluid to one or more pipeline array; And
At least one following path selector:
(a) entrance side fluid path selector be positioned at inlet manifold end storage tank upstream and be applicable to optionally direct fluid (i) [under drying mode] to inlet manifold end storage tank, wherein fluid transmission enters pipeline array and arrives outlet and/or (ii) [under wet mode] extremely one or more spray nozzle
(b) outlet side fluid path selector be positioned at outlet downstream and be applicable to optionally direct fluid by being exported to one or more spreader nozzle and/or tank, and
C () path selector is with direct fluid to inlet manifold end storage tank, wherein fluid transmission enters pipeline array and arrives outlet and/or (ii) [under wet mode] extremely one or more spray nozzle;
Wherein air is taken out and is drawn on multiple pipe fittings of one or more pipeline array and air is taken out to draw and encapsulated by one or more part, and fluid to be cooled in fluid by optionally selecting paths by inlet manifold end storage tank by arriving outlet and/or fluid inside one or more pipeline array by by the one or more spray nozzles on optionally selecting paths to one or more pipeline array simultaneously.
2. heat-exchange system according to claim 1, wherein further comprising high surface area media is contained in one or more encapsulating, when being sprayed on the liquid on one or more pipeline array and/or medium with cooling on dielectric structure when air and liquid exposure, high surface area media provides evaporation surface.
3. heat-exchange system according to claim 2, wherein one or more access road arrays, second channel array, third channel array, and one or more further channel array is the configuration of plate object pattern, it defines by being present in pipe fitting sheet manifold on each end, and this pipe fitting sheet manifold is provided as common feed line and does flowing transformation to the multiple pipe fitting chien shih fluids forming channel array.
4. heat-exchange system according to claim 2, wherein one or more access road arrays are continuity coil configuration, its configuration makes each pipe fitting of one group of multiple pipe fitting comprise one or more pipeline array to be extended by inlet manifold end storage tank continuity, form one or more return duct, arrive outlet.
5. heat-exchange system according to claim 2, wallboard that wherein inlet manifold end storage tank comprises at least one formation conduit changes to do to flow at the chien shih fluid of common conduit and the multiple pipe fitting of formation access road array.
6. heat-exchange system according to claim 5, wherein inlet manifold end storage tank further comprises:
Debris filter, be present in common conduit and formed to collect chip in fluid between the multiple pipe fitting of access road array, it is sent to inlet manifold end storage tank by common conduit, and
Turnover plate object is formed at least one wallboard.
7. heat-exchange system according to claim 6, wherein line inlet channel array change end to be improved relative to inlet manifold end storage tank to flow with the gravity by utilizing fluid to be arrived common conduit via debris filter by access road array back flush and automatically cleared of debris filter close when fluid flows to common conduit and open common conduit to drainpipe in path selector.
8. heat-exchange system according to claim 2, wherein line inlet channel array is positioned at above one or more spray nozzle and rises to the fog above one or more spray nozzle with auxiliary elimination, and it rises through the fog of line inlet channel array by heating and reaches.
9. heat-exchange system according to claim 2, wherein one or more pipeline arrays are positioned at above one or more spray nozzle and rise to the fog above one or more spray nozzle with auxiliary elimination, and it is the fog being risen through pipeline array by heating.
10. a heat exchanger, it comprises:
One group of multilayer pipe linear array is configured to stack relation, make fluid usually in side direction mode by every one deck, change part via one deck, it transmits fluid to the pipeline array lower floor being positioned at lower height, and one group of multiple part encapsulating is present between two-layer pipeline array and one deck transformation part;
At least one part encapsulating be present in above at least one deck pipeline array and comprise one or more spraying liquid nozzle in one group of multilayer pipe linear array and/or enter in other part encapsulatings one or more; And
Fluid path selector makes in direct fluid to each pipe fitting of multilayer pipeline and/or to one group of multiple nozzle;
Wherein process fluid cooling is by direct fluid to group multilayer pipe linear array and/or direct fluid to one or more spreader nozzle, and takes out and draw air and reach on one group of multiple tube surface of formation one group of multilayer pipeline.
11. heat exchangers according to claim 10, wherein further comprising high surface area media is contained in one or more encapsulating, when being sprayed on the liquid on one or more pipeline array and/or medium with cooling on dielectric structure when air and liquid exposure, high surface area media provides evaporation surface.
12. heat exchangers according to claim 11, wherein multiple channel array layer one or more layers be plate object pattern configuration, it defines by being present in pipe fitting sheet manifold on each end, and this pipe fitting sheet manifold is provided as common feed line and does flowing transformation to the multiple pipe fitting chien shih fluids forming channel array.
13. heat exchangers according to claim 11, one or more layers of wherein multiple channel array layer is continuity coil configuration, its configuration makes each pipe fitting forming multilayer pipe linear array be extended by entrance continuity, form layer change part and/or one or more layers additional layer transformation part, arrive outlet.
14. heat exchangers according to claim 11, wherein entrance comprises entrance manifold end storage tank, and its wallboard comprising at least one formation conduit is done to flow with the chien shih fluid of the multiple pipe fittings at common conduit and formation access road array and changed.
15. heat exchangers according to claim 14, wherein inlet manifold end storage tank further comprises:
Debris filter, be present in common conduit and formed to collect chip in fluid between the multiple pipe fitting of access road array, it is sent to inlet manifold end storage tank by common conduit, and
Turnover plate object is formed at least one wallboard.
16. heat exchangers according to claim 15, wherein line inlet channel array change end to be improved relative to inlet manifold end storage tank with by utilize fluid with the direction changing end to inlet manifold end storage tank by access road array via the gravity that debris filter arrives common conduit flow back flush and automatically cleared of debris filter when path selector closedown fluid flows to common conduit and opens common conduit to drainpipe.
17. heat exchangers according to claim 11, wherein one or more pipeline arrays are positioned at above one or more spray nozzle and rise to the fog above one or more spray nozzle with auxiliary elimination, and it rises through the fog of line inlet channel array by heating and reaches.
The method of 18. 1 kinds of cooling fluids, it comprises the following steps:
Heat-exchange system is provided, it can optionally with wet mode or drying mode operation, described heat-exchange system comprises multilayer pipe linear array and is configured to stack and/or the relation of serpentine curved, make fluid usually in side direction mode by every one deck, change part transmission class body to the pipeline array lower floor being positioned at lower height via one deck, arrive outlet; Above at least one deck that the encapsulating of at least one part is present in multilayer pipeline and comprise one or more nozzle with spraying liquid on one or more layers pipeline array and/or in other part encapsulatings one or more, it is formed at two interlayers of multilayer;
Take out and draw air on the multiple pipe fittings forming one or more layers pipeline array, and take out and draw air and encapsulate via one or more part, and
Direct fluid is to fluid path selector, and its function is fluid transmission (a) is entered to interior arrival of the multiple pipe fittings forming multilayer pipe linear array to export, and/or (b) is to one or more nozzle.
19. methods according to claim 18, wherein direct fluid comprises to the step of fluid path selector
Enter by process flow body source transmission class body the multiple pipe fittings forming multilayer pipe fitting array and arrive outlet, wherein at least one outlet pathway selector is positioned at exit and optionally transmits fluid by being exported to one or more nozzle, or transmits fluid by being exported to tank.
20. methods according to claim 18, wherein direct fluid further comprises to the step of fluid path selector:
The side liquid path selector that provides access is positioned at the upstream of multilayer pipe linear array, entrance side fluid path selector has process fluid source port to receive the process fluid transmitted from fluid source, pipe port is to be communicated with process fluid to multilayer pipeline array, spray port to be communicated with process fluid to one or more nozzle, and removable or rotatable valve body is communicated with (a) by fluid source port to pipe port optionally to impel fluid, (b) by fluid source port to spraying port, or (c) by fluid source port to pipe port and spray port, and
Transmit fluid by process flow body source to the fluid source port of entrance side fluid path selector.
21. methods according to claim 18, wherein direct fluid further comprises to the step of fluid path selector:
The side liquid path selector that provides access is positioned at the upstream of multilayer pipe linear array, and entrance side fluid path selector has pipe shape shell to be made for bearing valve body, and pipe shape shell has:
I () process fluid source port is to receive the process fluid transmitted from source of supply;
(ii) pipe port is to be communicated with process fluid to multilayer pipeline array,
(iii) port is sprayed to be communicated with process fluid to one or more nozzle, and
(iv) signal pressure port is to be communicated with from the signal pressure in signal fluid source to valve body, and valve body has:
I () signal pressure reading surface to slide in pipe shape shell by primary importance to the second place to impel valve body relative to process fluid pressure reading surface, it depends on to exist and puts on signal pressure port signal pressure relative to what put on process fluid source port process fluid pressure
(ii) the first perforate or path, it is communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port to spraying port when valve body is positioned at primary importance,
(iii) the second perforate or path, its be communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port to line ports when valve body is positioned at the second place, and
Transmit fluid by by heat process fluid source to the process fluid source port of entrance side fluid path selector.
22. methods according to claim 21, wherein direct fluid further comprises to the step of fluid path selector the line inlet channel array that the manifold end storage tank that provides access is connected to multilayer pipe linear array, and inlet manifold end storage tank comprises:
I the wallboard of () at least one formation conduit is done to flow with the chien shih fluid of the multiple pipe fittings at common conduit and formation access road array and is changed, and
(ii) debris filter, be present in common conduit and formed to collect chip in fluid between the multiple pipe fitting of access road array, it is sent to inlet manifold end storage tank by common conduit, and
Turnover plate object is formed at least one wallboard, and
Line inlet channel array is improved with by utilizing the gravity flowing back flush of fluid and automatically cleared of debris filter relative to inlet manifold end storage tank changing end;
Direct fluid further comprises pipe shape shell to the step of path selector, its have drain outlet port be communicated with back washing process fluid by pipe port to drain outlet port in valve body when primary importance, allow any chip to be rushed except to drainpipe by debris filter.
23. 1 kinds of heat-exchange systems be applicable to optionally with wet type or drying mode operation, this system comprises:
One group of multilayer pipe linear array is configured to the relation of the relation that stacks and/or serpentine curved, make fluid usually in side direction mode by every one deck, change part transmission class body to the pipeline array lower floor being positioned at lower height via one deck, arrive outlet; Above at least one deck that the encapsulating of at least one part is present in multilayer pipeline and comprise one or more nozzle with spraying liquid on one or more layers pipeline array and/or in other part encapsulatings one or more, it is formed at two interlayers of multilayer;
Take out and draw air on the multiple pipe fittings forming one or more layers pipeline array, and take out and draw air and encapsulate via one or more part;
Inlet manifold end storage tank is connected to the line inlet channel array of multilayer pipe linear array, and inlet manifold end storage tank comprises:
I the wallboard of () at least one formation conduit is done to flow with the chien shih fluid of the multiple pipe fittings at common conduit and formation access road array and is changed, and
(ii) debris filter, be present in common conduit and formed to collect chip in fluid between the multiple pipe fitting of access road array, it is sent to end storage tank by common conduit, and
Entrance side fluid path selector is positioned at the upstream of multilayer pipe linear array, and entrance side fluid path selector has pipe shape shell to be made for bearing valve body, and pipe shape shell has:
I () process fluid source port is to receive the process fluid transmitted from source of supply;
(ii) pipe port is to be communicated with process fluid to multilayer pipeline array via the common conduit of inlet manifold end storage tank,
(iii) port is sprayed to be communicated with process fluid to one or more nozzle, and
(iv) signal pressure port is to be communicated with from the signal pressure in signal fluid source to valve body,
(v) drain outlet port to be communicated with the common conduit of back washing process fluid via inlet manifold end storage tank to drainpipe,
Valve body has:
I () signal pressure reading surface to slide in pipe shape shell by primary importance to the second place to impel valve body relative to process fluid pressure reading surface, it depends on to exist and puts on signal pressure port signal pressure relative to what put on process fluid source port process fluid pressure
(ii) the first perforate or path, it is communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port to spraying port when valve body is positioned at primary importance,
(iii) the second perforate or path, its be communicated with process fluid by process fluid source port to line ports when valve body is positioned at the second place, and
(iv) the 3rd perforate or path, its be communicated with back washing process fluid by line ports to drain outlet port when valve body is positioned at primary importance, allow any chip to rush except to drainpipe by debris filter,
(v) signal pressure release openings or path, its communications signals fluid is back to the second place in signal pressure stop when to the first perforate and/or the second perforate to impel valve body by signal reading surface,
Wherein process fluid is pumped to the process fluid source port of entrance side fluid path selector by process fluid thermal source, is communicated with the signal pressure port of entrance side fluid path selector by the signal fluid source being positioned at the control of far-end operation valve,
When operating valve is closed, the valve body of entrance side fluid path selector moves to the second place, and allow process fluid to be communicated to line ports by process fluid source port, it impels drying mode to operate, and
When operating valve is opened, the valve body of entrance side fluid path selector moves to primary importance, allow process fluid to be communicated to nozzle and allow back washing process fluid to be communicated to drainpipe via the common conduit of inlet manifold end storage tank, it impels wet mode to operate.
CN201480028689.7A 2013-04-04 2014-04-04 Heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet and/or or dry mode CN105431699A (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201361808608P true 2013-04-04 2013-04-04
US61/808,608 2013-04-04
US201361819743P true 2013-05-06 2013-05-06
US61/819,743 2013-05-06
PCT/US2014/033056 WO2014165811A1 (en) 2013-04-04 2014-04-04 Heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet and/or or dry mode

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105431699A true CN105431699A (en) 2016-03-23

Family

ID=50686212

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201480028689.7A CN105431699A (en) 2013-04-04 2014-04-04 Heat exchange system adapted to selectively operate in wet and/or or dry mode

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20160054070A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2981779A4 (en)
CN (1) CN105431699A (en)
WO (1) WO2014165811A1 (en)

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3865911A (en) * 1973-05-03 1975-02-11 Res Cottrel Inc Cooling tower type waste heat extraction method and apparatus
US3887666A (en) * 1972-07-03 1975-06-03 Transelektro Magyar Villamossa Cooling system
JPS5259352A (en) * 1975-11-11 1977-05-16 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Evaporative heat exchanger
US4366106A (en) * 1980-06-12 1982-12-28 Hutotechnika Ipari Szovetkezet Heat exchanger
US20030192679A1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-16 The Marley Coolingtower Company Heat exchange method and apparatus
KR100622453B1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2006-09-12 서종대 evaporative cooling type heat exchanging unit
CN2893561Y (en) * 2006-04-27 2007-04-25 吴家伟 Evaporating condenser with cooling water spray tube
CN101021390A (en) * 2007-03-26 2007-08-22 上海理工大学 Heat exchanging module of evaporating cooler used for drenching water mixed intensified cooling
CN101169299A (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-04-30 清华大学 Indirect evaporation type cooling/condensing device
CN101307990A (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-11-19 上海理工大学 Middle part air intake all adverse current closed type cooling column
CN101634476A (en) * 2009-08-24 2010-01-27 西安工程大学 Closed evaporation cooling high-temperature cold water unit
US20120061055A1 (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-03-15 Evapco, Inc. Hybrid heat exchanger apparatus and method of operating the same

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2110024A (en) * 1936-08-29 1938-03-01 Gen Electric Heat exchange unit
US4018687A (en) * 1976-07-26 1977-04-19 J. T. Baker Chemical Company Glass-enclosed integral glass and ceramic filter unit
US5725047A (en) * 1995-01-13 1998-03-10 Lytron Incorporated Heat exchanger
US6939465B2 (en) * 2002-08-14 2005-09-06 Herman K. Dupre Fluid filter system for snow making apparatus
DE10338526A1 (en) * 2002-08-31 2004-03-11 Behr Gmbh & Co. Kg Container for cold material for air-conditioning system is vertical cylinder with perforated plate at bottom and perforated plate at top with loading spring

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3887666A (en) * 1972-07-03 1975-06-03 Transelektro Magyar Villamossa Cooling system
US3865911A (en) * 1973-05-03 1975-02-11 Res Cottrel Inc Cooling tower type waste heat extraction method and apparatus
JPS5259352A (en) * 1975-11-11 1977-05-16 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Evaporative heat exchanger
US4366106A (en) * 1980-06-12 1982-12-28 Hutotechnika Ipari Szovetkezet Heat exchanger
US20030192679A1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2003-10-16 The Marley Coolingtower Company Heat exchange method and apparatus
CN2893561Y (en) * 2006-04-27 2007-04-25 吴家伟 Evaporating condenser with cooling water spray tube
KR100622453B1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2006-09-12 서종대 evaporative cooling type heat exchanging unit
CN101021390A (en) * 2007-03-26 2007-08-22 上海理工大学 Heat exchanging module of evaporating cooler used for drenching water mixed intensified cooling
CN101307990A (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-11-19 上海理工大学 Middle part air intake all adverse current closed type cooling column
CN101169299A (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-04-30 清华大学 Indirect evaporation type cooling/condensing device
CN101634476A (en) * 2009-08-24 2010-01-27 西安工程大学 Closed evaporation cooling high-temperature cold water unit
US20120061055A1 (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-03-15 Evapco, Inc. Hybrid heat exchanger apparatus and method of operating the same
CN103119375A (en) * 2010-09-15 2013-05-22 伊沃普欧公司 Hybrid heat exchanger apparatus and method of operating the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2981779A4 (en) 2017-03-15
US20160054070A1 (en) 2016-02-25
WO2014165811A1 (en) 2014-10-09
EP2981779A1 (en) 2016-02-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9759440B2 (en) Air conditioning system with multiple-effect evaporative condenser
EP1818640B1 (en) Cooling tower with direct and indirect cooling sections
EP1299681B1 (en) Heat exchange assembly
US3994999A (en) Combination wet-dry cooling tower
CN100554826C (en) Freezing cycle device
TWI439657B (en) Wet/dry cooling tower and method
JP4042990B2 (en) Integrated plate heat exchanger having a function of separating condensed fluid and method for manufacturing the same
CN102341655B (en) Direct forced draft fluid cooler/cooling tower and liquid collector therefor
CN201316246Y (en) Tableware cleaning and drying machine
US8800313B2 (en) Water circulation system associated with refrigerant cycle
US9243847B2 (en) Hybrid heat exchange apparatus
CN103620336B (en) Heat exchanger and the air conditioner with this heat exchanger
CN101657140B (en) Drying system for a dishwasher
DK2616745T3 (en) Hybrid heat exchanger apparatus and method for operating the same
JP6270983B2 (en) Cooling tower with indirect heat exchanger
US7987682B2 (en) Evaporative cooler, heat recovery device, and ventilation device
EP1522804B1 (en) Device for the reception of desiccant in a condenser and condenser
US8104532B2 (en) Shower heat exchanger with clog-removable drain
US9322483B2 (en) Energy efficient air heating, air conditioning and water heating system
EP3149253B1 (en) Floor drain
CN104285111B (en) Refrigerating plant
CN104534603B (en) The board-like dew point indirect evaporative cooler of adverse current and channel partition of built-in flow dividing structure
US20150090423A1 (en) Method of heat exchange system
WO2006105430A2 (en) Solar water heater
CN102461355A (en) Container air handling unit and cooling method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160323

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication