CN105422896B - Anti- smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator - Google Patents

Anti- smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105422896B
CN105422896B CN201510738785.7A CN201510738785A CN105422896B CN 105422896 B CN105422896 B CN 105422896B CN 201510738785 A CN201510738785 A CN 201510738785A CN 105422896 B CN105422896 B CN 105422896B
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China
Prior art keywords
ball
oil
valve
smoke
ball valve
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CN201510738785.7A
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CN105422896A (en
Inventor
高乃鑫
高得安
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高乃鑫
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Priority to CN201510738785.7A priority Critical patent/CN105422896B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K5/00Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary
    • F16K5/06Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary with plugs having spherical surfaces; Packings therefor
    • F16K5/0605Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary with plugs having spherical surfaces; Packings therefor with particular plug arrangements, e.g. particular shape or built-in means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/02Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks
    • B01D35/04Plug, tap, or cock filters filtering elements mounted in or on a faucet
    • B01D35/046Plug, tap, or cock filters filtering elements mounted in or on a faucet the filtering element being mounted in the faucet plug
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K27/00Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor
    • F16K27/06Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor of taps or cocks
    • F16K27/067Construction of housing; Use of materials therefor of taps or cocks with spherical plugs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/04Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a motor
    • F16K31/041Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a motor for rotating valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/02Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic
    • F16K31/06Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices electric; magnetic using a magnet, e.g. diaphragm valves, cutting off by means of a liquid
    • F16K31/0644One-way valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K5/00Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary
    • F16K5/06Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary with plugs having spherical surfaces; Packings therefor
    • F16K5/0647Spindles or actuating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K5/00Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary
    • F16K5/08Details
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • F24C15/2021Arrangement or mounting of control or safety systems

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of anti-smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator, it is related to multi-storey building common flue corollary apparatus and house decoration field, including shell, in lead to ball, valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port, lead in described in ball provided with the exhaust passage connected with the valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port, the valve air inlet port is communicated positioned at case nose with smoke exhaust ventilator exhaust hose, the valve exhaust port is located at outer casing back and common flue insertion, lead to ball during the shell parcel is described, lead to ball in described and be provided with rotating shaft, lead to ball in described to be rotatedly connected with the shell by rotating shaft, it is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve at the top of the housing axis, the shell and it is described in lead to ball between have gap.The anti-smoke ball valve and the beneficial effect of anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator that the present invention is provided are to block the smoke from common flue, have and solve the oily problem of exhaust opening knot compared with ground, living environment is effectively protected.

Description

Anti- smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator
Technical field
It is anti-in particular to one kind the present invention relates to multi-storey building common flue corollary apparatus and house decoration field Smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator.
Background technology
The commercial house multilayer at present on the market, the mist extractor of Kitchen in High Rise Apartment, all concentrate mist extractor using common flue Mode configure.The mode of this public concentration mist extractor solves a family mist extractor environmental pollution at random, uses ten The convenience divided, but because mist extractor leans on smoke exhaust ventilator forced-ventilated completely, make to produce air pressure in common flue, particularly in many family users Air pressure increase when using simultaneously in common flue, oil smoke pours in down a chimney into the user for not using smoke exhaust ventilator under the influence of air pressure In family, room air is polluted.Again due to while smoke exhaust ventilator extracts a large amount of oil smoke out, in oil-smoke expulsion pipe and commonly Closure door plate and common flue exhaust opening gather a large amount of greasy dirts, cause closure door plate to be not closed completely and oil smoke is poured in down a chimney intrusion interior, give Users bring puzzlement.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of anti-smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator, the problem of to solve above-mentioned.
The anti-smoke ball valve that the present invention is provided, including shell, in lead to ball, valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port, it is described in Provided with exhaust passage connect with valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port in logical ball, the valve air inlet port be located at case nose and Smoke exhaust ventilator exhaust hose is communicated, and the valve exhaust port is located in outer casing back and common flue insertion, the shell parcel Logical ball, it is described in lead to ball and be provided with rotating shaft, it is described in lead to ball and be rotatedly connected by rotating shaft with shell, the housing axis top is set Have 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve spacing, the shell and it is described in lead to ball between have gap.
The anti-smoke ball valve lead in also including before ball ball oil collecting system and in lead to oil collecting system in ball ball, it is described in lead to ball Oil collecting system includes first oil gathering from looped well concave surface, first oil guiding hole and first oil sump tank, first ring-type before ball Oil-collecting concave surface is arranged on the inwall of valve air inlet port, and the bottom of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface is provided with first oil guiding hole, First oil sump tank is arranged on valve air inlet port bottom and connected with first oil guiding hole.
Leading to oil collecting system in ball ball in described includes second oil gathering from looped well concave surface, second oil guiding hole and second oil-collecting Case, second oil gathering from looped well concave surface for oil-collecting leads to the exhaust passage inwall of ball, second Oil Guide in being arranged on Hole leads to ball bottom in being opened in is connected with middle axis, and the bottom of second oil guiding hole and second oil gathering from looped well concave surface connects Connect, second oil sump tank is arranged on the bottom of ball valve shell and connected with second oil guiding hole.
It is preferred that ball-valve structure controls the opening and closing of common flue exhaust opening, the smoke from flue can be thoroughly blocked.
Further, it is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve at the top of housing axis, it is ensured that ball valve opening and closing is in 90 degree.
Further, shell and in lead between ball there is gap, this gap can have reduced compared with ground in lead to ball sphere and shell The friction of inwall makes valve opening and closing lighter.
Further, shell includes ball valve base and bonnet, and the valve air inlet port is located at bonnet front end and smoke exhaust ventilator Exhaust hose is communicated, and the valve exhaust port is located at ball valve base rear end and common flue insertion, the ball valve base and bonnet Lead to ball in agreeing with and wrapping up.
Further, ball valve base is agreed with bonnet and is connected using buckle interface, the simple debugging beneficial to ball valve of assembling.
Further, the exhaust passage two ends led in ball are respectively equipped with sealing ring with ball valve base, the joint place of bonnet, The sphere that the sealing ring leads to ball with is fitted, and the sealing ring leads to ball with and is rotatedly connected.
The exhaust passage two ends led in ball set sealing ring respectively with ball valve base, the joint place of bonnet, it is ensured that ball The smoke from common flue is thoroughly blocked when valve is closed.
Further, the rotating shaft led on ball, the rotating shaft includes apical axis and middle axis, and the apical axis leads to ball in being located at Limited bolt is additionally provided with top, the axle of 90 degree of opening and closing spacing places of the apical axis and ball valve, the limited bolt is connected with apical axis, described Middle axis leads to the bottom of ball in being located at, the apical axis is located on same axis with middle axis, in 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve are spacing The heart is provided with the upper hole for fixing apical axis, and the outer casing bottom is provided with the lower hole for axis in fixation, the middle axis The exhaust passage that interior passage leads in ball with is connected, and the rotating shaft is rotatedly connected through upper hole and lower hole with shell.
Further, oil-collecting before ball ball is led in oil collecting system point and leads to oil-collecting two parts in ball ball with, has and is eliminated compared with ground Because knot greasy dirt influences the opening and closing of anti-smoke ball valve.
Further, by the tobacco tar entered in exhaust passage by second oil gathering from looped well concave surface of exhaust passage inwall, Second oil guiding hole and second oil sump tank are collected again, are reduced tobacco tar and are particularly led in exhaust passage in ball Exhaust passage and ball valve base, the aggregation of the joint place of bonnet.
Further, in lead to ball make 90 degree opening and closing while, can also play to anti-smoke ball valve be opened and closed joint place cleaning work With.
Further, lead in before ball ball and once set multi-disc oil collection plate in oil collecting system, the multi-disc oil collection plate is arranged on valve In air inlet port, the multi-disc oil collection plate is vertically arranged side by side, two ends and first oil gathering from looped well concave surface above and below multi-disc oil collection plate Agree with, the bottom of multi-disc oil collection plate is provided with recess, and the recess is connected with first oil guiding hole.
Further, lead in ball ball and once set multi-disc oil collection plate in oil collecting system, during the multi-disc oil collection plate is arranged on In exhaust passage in logical ball, the multi-disc oil collection plate is vertically arranged side by side, two ends and second ring-type above and below multi-disc oil collection plate Oil-collecting concave surface is agreed with, and the bottom of multi-disc oil collection plate is provided with recess, and the recess is connected with second oil guiding hole.
Lead in before ball ball and once set multi-disc oil collection plate in oil collecting system, it is recessed by multi-disc oil collection plate and first oil gathering from looped well A large amount of tobacco tar are carried out active collection by the oil-collecting in face, are reduced during tobacco tar enters and are led in ball exhaust passage, oil collection plate described in multi-disc is simultaneously Row is vertically arranged to constitute first group of oil-collecting and the overanxious system of oil smoke with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface and recess under gravity System, greasy dirt is collected into first oil sump tank.
Lead in the exhaust passage in ball and once set multi-disc oil collection plate, it is recessed by multi-disc oil collection plate and second oil gathering from looped well The oil-collecting in face, active collection again is made by the tobacco tar led in entrance in the exhaust passage in ball, reduces tobacco tar in exhaust passage The exhaust passage led to particularly in ball and ball valve base, the aggregation of the joint place of bonnet, multi-disc oil collection plate are vertically set side by side Put and constitute second group of oil-collecting and the overanxious system of oil smoke with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface and recess under gravity, by greasy dirt It is collected into second oil sump tank.
Further, oil collecting system before ball ball is led in and is provided with multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter, head Plate and tailgate, multigroup filter are arranged in valve air inlet port, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, on multigroup filter Lower two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface, and the filter is located at the middle part of multigroup filter, and the head plate is located at many The front portion of group filter, the tailgate is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, and the bottom of the tailgate is provided with recess, the recess Connected with first oil guiding hole.
Further, oil collecting system in ball ball is led in and is provided with multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter, head Plate and tailgate, multigroup filter lead in the exhaust passage in ball in being arranged on, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, multigroup Two ends are agreed with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface above and below filter, and the filter is located at the middle part of multigroup filter, the head Plate is located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, each of the lower end of multigroup filter Connected every with second oil guiding hole.
The head plate and tailgate at multigroup filter two ends, the head plate and tailgate can shunt the air-flow in exhaust passage, Change airflow direction and extenuate forward impact of the air-flow to each filter, each filter is exempted from the frontal impact of airflow, carry The filtering efficacy of high tobacco tar.
Further, multigroup filter is multigroup filter net sheet, and multigroup filter net sheet is except the head plate and tailgate at two ends Outer each plate face is provided with multiple holes, makes tobacco tar screen pack group further collection effect of the raising to tobacco tar.
Further, in addition to reinforcing plate and valve switching control system, the reinforcing plate be located at below kitchen floorslab with it is public Common flue top, the reinforcing plate is connected with floor and common flue, and the valve switching control system is that solenoid-driven is controlled System, including electric-controlled switch, magnetic valve, pull bar, eccentric arm, the first drive, the second drive, transmission rope, connecting shaft, connection Axle device and two axle beds, one end of the electric-controlled switch are connected with magnetic valve electric wire, the other end and socket of the electric-controlled switch Electric wire is connected, and the ball valve, magnetic valve and axle bed are fixed in reinforcing plate, and the magnetic valve is connected by active pin with pull bar, One end of the pull bar is connected by active pin with magnetic valve, and one end of the other end and eccentric arm rotates connection, the eccentric arm The other end and axle bed rotate and be connected, one end that the eccentric arm is connected with axle bed is fixedly connected with the first drive, described the One drive is interlocked with transmission rope, and the transmission rope and the second drive are interlocked, and second driving wheel tube is located in connecting shaft, The upper end of the connecting shaft is connected with axle bed, and the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with apical axis.
Further, valve switching control system is driven using magnetic valve, simple in construction and reliable, by power switch with taking out The connection configuration of lampblack absorber private jack is more reasonable.
Further, one end of eccentric arm is connected with pull bar, and the other end of the eccentric arm is rotated with axle bed to be connected, institute State one end that eccentric arm is connected with axle bed to be fixedly connected with the first drive, also include rotating shaft, one end of the rotating shaft and axle Seat rotates connection, and the other end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the first drive, one end that the eccentric arm is connected with axle bed and First drive is fixedly connected.Or the other end of eccentric arm is rotated with axle bed and is connected, one end that the eccentric arm is connected with axle bed, Also include rotating shaft, one end of the rotating shaft is rotated with axle bed to be connected, and the other end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with eccentric arm, institute State eccentric arm and be superimposed with the first drive staggered floor and is set in rotating shaft.
The switching control system, including electric-controlled switch, magnetic valve, pull bar, eccentric arm, the first travelling gear, second Travelling gear, connecting shaft, shaft coupling and two axle beds, one end of the electric-controlled switch is connected with the magnetic valve electric wire, described The other end of electric-controlled switch is connected with socket electric wire, and the ball valve, magnetic valve and two axle beds are fixed in reinforcing plate, the electricity Magnet valve is connected by active pin with pull bar, and one end of the pull bar is connected by active pin with magnetic valve, the other end and eccentric arm One end rotate connection, the other end of the eccentric arm is rotated with axle bed and is connected, one end that the eccentric arm is connected with axle bed and First travelling gear is fixedly connected, and first travelling gear and the second travelling gear are interlocked, and second travelling gear is arranged In connecting shaft, the upper end of the connecting shaft is connected with axle bed, and the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with apical axis.
Use two drives of switching control system the transmission of the first travelling gear and the second travelling gear instead, also can be true Protect 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve.
Further, in addition to reinforcing plate and valve switching control system, the reinforcing plate be located at below kitchen floorslab with it is public Common flue top, the reinforcing plate is connected with floor and common flue, and the valve switching control system is drive and control of electric machine system System, including electric-controlled switch, limit circuit, motor, reduction box, connecting shaft and two shaft couplings, one end of the electric-controlled switch with The electric wire connection of limit circuit, the other end of electric-controlled switch is connected with socket electric wire, and the limit circuit is connected with motor, described Ball valve, limit circuit, motor and reduction box are fixed in reinforcing plate, one end phase that the motor passes through a shaft coupling and reduction box Even, the other end of the reduction box is connected by another shaft coupling with apical axis.
Further, it is spacing axle bed that 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve are spacing, and the spacing axle bed is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings, institute The top that spacing axle bed is located at the second drive is stated, second driving wheel tube is located in connecting shaft, the upper end of the connecting shaft It is rotatedly connected with spacing axle bed, the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with apical axis.
Further, spacing axle bed is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings, and 90 degree of opening and closings are spacing to be joined with spacing axle bed shell Body, is provided with limited bolt, the limited bolt is connected with connecting shaft on axle of the connecting shaft with 90 degree of opening and closing spacing places.
Spacing 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve are spacing axle bed, and the spacing axle bed is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings, the limit shaft Seat is located at the top of the second travelling gear, and second travelling gear is set in connecting shaft, the upper end of connecting shaft and limit shaft Seat is rotatedly connected, and the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with apical axis.
A kind of anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator that the present invention is provided, it is characterised in that including smoke exhaust ventilator main body, mist extractor flexible pipe With the anti-smoke ball valve described in claim 1-12 any one, smoke exhaust ventilator and mist extractor soft pipe connection, mist extractor flexible pipe with The anti-smoke ball valve of claim 1-12 any one is connected, and anti-smoke ball valve is connected with common flue, fume exhaust fan blower The power sources in parallel of switch and anti-smoke ball valve.
The combination of smoke exhaust ventilator and anti-smoke ball valve, can directly control oil pumping by smoke exhaust ventilator contactor control system Cigarette machine and anti-smoke ball valve, simplify operation sequence, have and avoid maloperation problem compared with ground, improve the use of above-mentioned two equipment Efficiency.
The anti-smoke ball valve and the beneficial effect of anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator that the present invention is provided be:Block from common flue Smoke, efficiently solves the problem of exhaust opening knot is oily, living environment is effectively protected;For matching somebody with somebody for real estate the commercial house Set, can lift the quality of real estate commodity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be first embodiment of the invention provide anti-smoke ball valve ball valve outward appearance and magnetic valve control system structure stand Stereoscopic schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the single ball valve external structure schematic front view for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 3 is the single ball valve external structure schematic top plan view for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 4 is the part of 90 degree of opening and closing position limiting structures at the top of the ball valve for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided Overlook open schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the external structure schematic elevation view for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 6 is that the structure side for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided is regarded and ball valve is in open mode and flue The A-A diagrammatic cross-sections of built-up section.
Fig. 7 is that the single ball valve for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided shows in open mode B-B cross-section structures It is intended to.
Fig. 8 be first embodiment of the invention provide anti-smoke ball valve structure side regard and ball valve in off position with flue The A-A diagrammatic cross-sections of built-up section.
Fig. 9 is the switching control system operation principle plane signal for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided Figure.
Figure 10 is that the ball valve base of the ball valve shell for the anti-smoke ball valve that first embodiment of the invention is provided is connected with bonnet Agreed with using buckle and lead to ball open mode in wrapping up and the combination separation stereochemical structure signal of switching control system and oil sump tank Figure.
Figure 11 is the single ball valve A-A cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 12 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 13 is that the ball valve for the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided agrees with open mode B-B using buckle and cutd open Face structure combination separation schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is that the ball valve for the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided agrees with closed mode A-A using buckle and cutd open Face structure combination separation schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is the knot for leading to an oil collection plate of oil-collecting in ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided Structure schematic perspective view.
Figure 16 is the knot for leading to an oil collection plate of oil-collecting before ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided Structure schematic perspective view.
Figure 17 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that third embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 18 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that fourth embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 19 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that fifth embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 20 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that sixth embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 21 is the single ball valve B-B cross-sectional views for the anti-smoke ball valve that seventh embodiment of the invention is provided.
Figure 22 is one group of mistake for leading to multigroup filter in ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that seventh embodiment of the invention is provided The dimensional structure diagram of filter disc, head plate and tailgate.
Figure 23 is one group of mistake for leading to multigroup filter before ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that seventh embodiment of the invention is provided The dimensional structure diagram of filter disc, head plate and tailgate.
Figure 24 is lead to multigroup filter net sheet in ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that eighth embodiment of the invention is provided one group The dimensional structure diagram of filter net sheet, head plate and tailgate.
Figure 25 is lead to multigroup filter net sheet before ball ball in the anti-smoke ball valve that eighth embodiment of the invention is provided one group The dimensional structure diagram of filter net sheet, head plate and tailgate.
Figure 26 is that 90 degree of the ball valve switching control system and ball valve of the anti-smoke ball valve that ninth embodiment of the invention is provided are opened Close the spacing partial structurtes schematic front view of spacing use axle bed.
Figure 27 is that the 90 degree of spacing use axle beds of opening and closing of ball valve for the anti-smoke ball valve that ninth embodiment of the invention is provided are spacing The local flat cutting structural representation of spacing axle bed.
Figure 28 is that 90 degree of the ball valve switching control system and ball valve of the anti-smoke ball valve that tenth embodiment of the invention is provided are opened Close spacing use gear drive and be opened and closed spacing partial structurtes schematic front view.
Figure 29 is that 90 degree of the ball valve switching control system and ball valve of the anti-smoke ball valve that tenth embodiment of the invention is provided are opened Close spacing use gear drive and be opened and closed spacing planar structure schematic diagram.
Figure 30 is that the external structure for the anti-smoke ball valve that eleventh embodiment of the invention is provided is faced and cuts open and show with reduction box office It is intended to.
Figure 31 be eleventh embodiment of the invention provide anti-smoke ball valve structure side regard and ball valve in off position with The A-A diagrammatic cross-sections of flue built-up section.
Figure 32 is the external structure schematic side view for the anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator that twelveth embodiment of the invention is provided.
Embodiment
Below, by specific embodiment son and the present invention is described in further detail with reference to accompanying drawing.
As shown in Fig. 1-10, be first embodiment of the invention provide anti-smoke ball valve, including shell 1, in lead to ball 12, Valve air inlet port 5 and valve exhaust port 6, it is described in lead in ball 12 provided with the row that is connected with valve air inlet port 5 and valve exhaust port 6 Gas passage 13, valve air inlet port 5 is communicated positioned at the front end of shell 1 with smoke exhaust ventilator exhaust hose 39, and valve exhaust port 6 is located at shell 1 rear end and the insertion of attached flue 03 of common flue 01, the attached flue 03 are communicated with public flue collector 02, and shell 1 leads in wrapping up Ball 12, in lead to ball 12 and be provided with rotating shaft, it is described in lead to ball 12 and be rotatedly connected by rotating shaft with shell 1, in logical ball 12 pass through rotating shaft Be rotatedly connected with shell 1, provided with 90 degree opening and closings spacing 24 of ball valve at the top of the axis of shell 1, the shell 1 and in have between logical ball between Gap 27.
It is preferred that ball-valve structure controls the opening and closing of the exhaust opening 6 of common flue 01, the smoke from flue 01 can be thoroughly blocked.
Provided with 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 of ball valve at the top of the axis of ball valve shell 1, for ensuring that ball valve opening and closing is in 90 degree, to ensure Ball valve exhaust passage 13 it is unimpeded.
Shell 1 and in lead between ball 12 there is gap 27, this gap 27 can efficiently reduce in lead to the sphere of ball 12 and shell 1 The friction of inwall makes valve opening and closing lighter.
Shell 1 includes ball valve base 3 and bonnet 2, and the valve air inlet port 5 is located at the front end of bonnet 2 and is vented with smoke exhaust ventilator Flexible pipe 39 is communicated, and valve exhaust port 6 is located at the rear end of ball valve base 3 and the insertion of common flue 01, and ball valve base 3 agrees with bonnet 2 And lead to ball 12 in wrapping up.
Ball valve base 3 agrees with bonnet 2 to be connected using buckle interface 20, and the edge in the joint portion of buckle interface 20 is also equal Even to agree with fixed ear 4 provided with many assembly housings, assembling is simple and beneficial to the debugging of ball valve.
In the two ends of exhaust passage 13 and ball valve base 3, the joint place of bonnet 2 that lead in ball 12 be respectively equipped with sealing ring 22, The sphere that the sealing ring 22 leads to ball 12 with is fitted, and the sealing ring 22 leads to ball 12 with and is rotatedly connected.
The two ends of exhaust passage 13 led in ball 12 and the joint place of ball valve base 3 and bonnet 2 set sealing ring 22 respectively, It ensure that and the smoke from common flue 01 is thoroughly blocked when ball valve is closed.
In lead to ball 12 on rotating shaft, the rotating shaft include apical axis 17 and middle axis 16, apical axis 17 be located in lead to ball 12 top Be additionally provided with limited bolt 23 on axle at portion, the 90 degree opening and closings spacing 24 of apical axis 17 and ball valve, limited bolt 23 is connected with apical axis 17, in it is logical Axle 16 leads to the bottom of ball 12 in being located at, the apical axis 17 is located on same axis with middle axis 16, in the opening and closing of 90 degree of the top of shell 1 Spacing 24 center is provided with the upper hole for fixing apical axis 17, and the bottom of shell 1 is provided with the lower hole for axis in fixation 16, The exhaust passage 13 that passage and second oil guiding hole 15 in the middle axis 16 lead in ball 12 with is connected, and the rotating shaft is passed through Upper hole and lower hole are rotatedly connected with shell 1.
Further, in addition in lead to before ball 12 ball oil collecting system and in lead to oil collecting system in the ball of ball 12, in lead to the ball of ball 12 Preceding oil collecting system includes first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, first oil guiding hole 15 and first oil sump tank 8, first ring-type collection Oily concave surface 14 is arranged on the inwall of valve air inlet port 5, and the bottom of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 is provided with first oil guiding hole 15, First oil sump tank 8 is arranged on the bottom of valve air inlet port 5 and connected with first oil guiding hole 15.
In lead to oil collecting system in ball 12 ball and include second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, second oil guiding hole 15 and second collection Fuel tank 8, second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 for oil-collecting leads to the inwall of exhaust passage 13 of ball 12, second Oil Guide in being arranged on Hole 15 leads to ball 12 bottom in being opened in is connected with middle axis 16, second oil guiding hole 15 and second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 Bottom is connected, and second oil sump tank 8 is arranged on the bottom of ball valve shell 1 and connected with second oil guiding hole 15.
Lead to oil-collecting before the ball of ball 12 in oil collecting system point and lead to oil-collecting two parts in the ball of ball 12 with, have and eliminated compared with ground because of knot oil The opening and closing of the anti-smoke ball valve of dirt influence.
The tobacco tar led in entrance in the exhaust passage 13 of ball 12 is recessed by second oil gathering from looped well of the inwall of exhaust passage 13 Face 14, second oil guiding hole 15 and second oil sump tank 8 are collected again, are reduced tobacco tar and are particularly existed in exhaust passage 13 In lead to exhaust passage 13 and ball valve base 3, the joint place of bonnet 2 and first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and second in ball 12 The aggregation of the individual junction of oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14;Further, in lead to ball make 90 degree be opened and closed while, can also play to anti-smoke ball Valve is opened and closed the cleaning effect on joint place and the surface of sealing ring 22.
Further, in addition to reinforcing plate 10 and valve switching control system, reinforcing plate be located at below kitchen floorslab with it is public Be additionally provided with bolt hole 52 in the top of flue 01, the reinforcing plate 10, reinforcing plate 10 by bolt hole 52 and kitchen floorslab and Common flue 01 is connected, and valve switching control system is the driving control system of magnetic valve 38, including electric-controlled switch, magnetic valve 38, is pushed away Pull bar 31, eccentric arm 36, the first drive 34, the second drive 43, transmission rope 35, connecting shaft 11, shaft coupling 7 and two axle beds 33, one end of the electric-controlled switch is connected with the electric wire of magnetic valve 38, and the other end and the socket electric wire of the electric-controlled switch connect Connect, ball valve, magnetic valve 38 and two axle beds 33 are fixed in reinforcing plate 10 by bolt hole 52, and magnetic valve 38 passes through active pin 40 It is connected with pull bar 31, one end of pull bar 31 is connected by active pin 40 with magnetic valve 38, one end of the other end and eccentric arm 36 Connection is rotated, the other end of eccentric arm 36 and the axle bed 33 are rotated and be connected, one end that eccentric arm 36 is connected with axle bed 33 and the One drive 34 is fixedly connected, and the first drive 34 is interlocked with transmission rope 35, and transmission rope 35 is interlocked with the second drive 43, and second Drive 43 is set in connecting shaft 11, and the upper end of connecting shaft 11 is connected with axle bed 33, and the lower end of connecting shaft 11 passes through shaft coupling 7 It is connected with apical axis 17.
Further, the other end of eccentric arm 36 is rotated with axle bed 33 and is connected, one end that eccentric arm 36 is connected with axle bed 33 Be fixedly connected with the first drive 34, also include rotating shaft, one end and the axle bed 33 of rotating shaft are rotatedly connected, the other end of rotating shaft with First drive 34 is fixedly connected, and one end that eccentric arm 36 is connected with axle bed 33 is fixedly connected with the first drive 34;Or it is eccentric The other end of arm 36 is rotated with axle bed 33 and is connected, and one end that eccentric arm 36 is connected with axle bed 33 also includes rotating shaft, the one of rotating shaft End is rotated with axle bed 33 and is connected, and the other end of rotating shaft is fixedly connected with eccentric arm 36, the staggered floor of 36 and first drive of eccentric arm 34 Superposition is set in rotating shaft.
Valve switching control system does the opening and closing of drive control ball valve using magnetic valve 38, simple in construction and reliable, by power supply Switch is connected with smoke exhaust ventilator private jack, can just be matched with the smoke exhaust ventilator of all different models, and configuration is reasonable, so that real It is now supporting for real estate the commercial house.
As shown in Figure 11-16, it is the anti-smoke ball valve that second embodiment of the invention is provided, is in the first example of the invention On the basis of, the oil collecting system to ball valve makees an improvement, leads in and leads to increasing in the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 2 before the ball of ball 12 with If multigroup oil collection plate 30 with lifted ball valve oil-collecting effect and purification air.
In lead to oil collecting system before ball 12 ball and be provided with multi-disc oil collection plate 30, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is arranged in valve air inlet port 5, Multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is vertically arranged side by side, and multi-disc oil collection plate agrees with two ends about 30 with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, multi-disc The bottom of oil collection plate 30 is provided with recess 21, and the recess 21 is connected with first oil guiding hole 15.
In lead to oil collecting system in ball ball and set multi-disc oil collection plate 30, the exhaust that multi-disc oil collection plate 30 leads in ball 12 in being arranged on is led to In road 13, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is vertically arranged side by side, multi-disc oil collection plate two ends and second contract of oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 about 30 Close, the bottom of multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is provided with recess 21, and recess 21 is connected with second oil guiding hole 15.
Further, oil-collecting before the ball of ball 12 is led in, passes through multi-disc oil collection plate 30 and the collection of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 A large amount of tobacco tar are carried out active collection by oil, are reduced during tobacco tar enters and are led in ball exhaust passage 13, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is vertical side by side Set and constitute first group of oil-collecting and the overanxious system of oil smoke with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and recess 21 under gravity, Greasy dirt is collected into first oil sump tank 8.
] further, lead in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 and once set multi-disc oil collection plate 30, pass through multi-disc oil collection plate 30 With the oil-collecting of second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, the tobacco tar led in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 in entrance is made actively to receive again Collection, reduces exhaust passage 13 and the patch of ball valve base 3, bonnet 2 that tobacco tar particularly leads in ball 12 in exhaust passage 13 in At conjunction and first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and the aggregation of second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 junction, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is simultaneously Row is vertically arranged to constitute second group of oil-collecting and oil smoke mistake with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and recess 21 under gravity Worry system, greasy dirt is collected into second oil sump tank 8.
As shown in figure 17, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of third embodiment of the invention offer, is the base in the first example of the invention On plinth, one is made to the oil collecting system of ball valve and is improved, lead in the exhaust passage 13 before the ball of ball 12 set up multigroup oil collection plate 30 with Lift the oil-collecting effect and purification air of ball valve.
Further, oil-collecting before the ball of ball 12 is led in, passes through multi-disc oil collection plate 30 and the collection of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 A large amount of tobacco tar are carried out active collection by oil, are reduced during tobacco tar enters and are led in the exhaust passage 13 of ball 12, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 is erected side by side First group of oil-collecting and oil smoke are constituted to setting with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and oil collection plate recess 21 under gravity Overanxious system, greasy dirt is collected into first oil sump tank 8.
Second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, second that the tobacco tar entered in exhaust passage 13 is passed through into the inwall of exhaust passage 13 Individual oil guiding hole 15 and second oil sump tank 8 do and collected again, reduce tobacco tar and particularly lead to ball 12 in exhaust passage 13 Interior exhaust passage 13 and ball valve base 3, the joint place of bonnet 2 and first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and second ring-type collection The aggregation of the oily junction of concave surface 14.Secondly, ball 12 is led in can also play while 90 degree of opening and closings are made to the opening and closing of anti-smoke ball valve The cleaning effect of joint place and sealing ring 22.
As shown in figure 18, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of fourth embodiment of the invention offer, is the base in the first example of the invention On plinth, one is made to the oil collecting system of ball valve and is improved, lead in the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 12 set up multigroup oil collection plate 30 with Lift the oil-collecting effect and purification air of ball valve.
Further, lead in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 and once set multi-disc oil collection plate 30, pass through multi-disc oil collection plate 30 With the oil-collecting of second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, the tobacco tar led in entrance in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 is made into active collection, Reduce exhaust passage 13 and the joint place of ball valve base 3, bonnet 2 that tobacco tar particularly leads in ball 12 in exhaust passage 13 in And the aggregation of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 junction, multi-disc oil collection plate 30 erects side by side Second group of oil-collecting and oil smoke are constituted to setting with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and oil collection plate recess 21 under gravity Overanxious system, greasy dirt is collected into second oil sump tank 8.
As shown in figure 19, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of fifth embodiment of the invention offer, is the base in the 3rd example of the invention On plinth, one is made to the oil collecting system of ball valve and is improved, led in described in exhaust passage 13 before the ball of ball 12 and set up multigroup filter To lift the oil-collecting effect and purification air of ball valve;Lead to oil collecting system before the ball of ball 12 in and set multigroup filter, multigroup mistake Filter disc includes filter 19, head plate 25 and tailgate 29, and multigroup filter is arranged in valve air inlet port 5, multigroup filter Vertically arranged side by side, two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 above and below multigroup filter, and the filter 19 is located at many The middle part of group filter, the head plate 25 is located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate 29 is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, The bottom of the tailgate 29 is provided with recess 21, and recess 21 is connected with first oil guiding hole 15.
Further, the head plate 25 and tailgate 29 at the multigroup filter two ends led in the exhaust passage 13 before the ball of ball 12, The head plate 25 and tailgate 29 can shunt the air-flow in exhaust passage 13, change airflow direction and extenuate air-flow to each filter 19 forward impact, makes each filter 19 exempt from the frontal impact of airflow, improves the filtering efficacy of tobacco tar.
As shown in figure 20, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of sixth embodiment of the invention offer, is the base in the 4th example of the invention On plinth, the oil collecting system to ball valve makees an improvement, leads in described in the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 12 and sets up multigroup filter To lift the oil-collecting effect and purification air of ball valve.
Lead to oil collecting system in the ball of ball 12 in and set multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter 19, head plate 25 and tail Plate 29, multigroup filter leads in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 in being arranged on, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, multigroup Two ends are agreed with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 above and below filter, and the filter 19 is located at the middle part of multigroup filter, institute The front portion that head plate 25 is located at multigroup filter is stated, the tailgate 29 is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, multigroup filter Respectively interval is connected with second oil guiding hole 15 for lower end.
Further, lead in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 and set up multigroup filter, pass through multigroup filter and the The oil-collecting of two oil gathering from looped well concave surfaces 14, active collection is made by the tobacco tar led in entrance in the exhaust passage 13 of ball 12, reduces tobacco tar The exhaust passage 13 particularly led in exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 and ball valve base 3, the joint place of bonnet 2 and first Individual oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and the aggregation of second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 junction, multigroup filter are vertically provided at weight side by side Second group of oil-collecting and lampblack filtering system are constituted with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 in the presence of power, greasy dirt is collected into second In individual oil sump tank 8.
Further, the head plate 25 and tailgate 29 at the multigroup filter two ends led in the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 12, The head plate 25 and tailgate 29 can shunt the air-flow in exhaust passage 13, change airflow direction and extenuate air-flow to each filter 19 forward impact, makes each filter 19 exempt from the frontal impact of airflow, improves the filtering efficacy of tobacco tar.
As shown in figures 21-23, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of seventh embodiment of the invention offer, is in the second example of the invention On the basis of, the oil collecting system to ball valve makees an improvement, leads in and leads to increasing in the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 12 before the ball of ball 12 with If multigroup filter with lifted ball valve oil-collecting effect and purification air.
Lead to oil collecting system before the ball of ball 12 in and set multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter 19, head plate 25 and tail Plate 29, multigroup filter is arranged in valve air inlet port 5, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, above and below multigroup filter Two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, and the filter 19 is located at the middle part of multigroup filter, the head plate 25 are located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate 29 is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, and the bottom of the tailgate 29 is provided with Recess 21, recess 21 is connected with first oil guiding hole 15.
Lead to oil collecting system in ball ball in and set multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter 19, the and of head plate 25 Tailgate 29, multigroup filter leads in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 in being arranged on, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, many Two ends are agreed with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 above and below group filter, and the filter 19 is located in multigroup filter Portion, the head plate 25 is located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate 29 is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, multigroup filter Respectively interval is connected with second oil guiding hole 15 for lower end.
Further, oil-collecting before the ball of ball 12 is led in, by the oil-collecting of multigroup filter and first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, A large amount of tobacco tar are subjected to active collection, reduces during tobacco tar enters and leads in the exhaust passage 13 of ball 12, multigroup filter is vertically set side by side Put under gravity with the filter 19 of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 and multigroup filter, head plate 25, tailgate 29 and Recess 21 constitutes first group of oil-collecting and lampblack filtering system, and greasy dirt is collected into first oil sump tank 8.
Lead in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 and once set multigroup filter, pass through multigroup filter and second ring-type collection The oil-collecting of oily concave surface 14, makees active collection again by the tobacco tar led in entrance in ball exhaust passage 13, reduces tobacco tar logical in exhaust The exhaust passage 13 particularly led in road 13 in ball 12 and ball valve base 3, the joint place of bonnet 2 and first ring-type collection Oily concave surface 14 and the aggregation of second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 junction, multigroup filter are vertically provided at the effect of gravity side by side It is lower to constitute second group of oil-collecting and lampblack filtering system with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14, greasy dirt is collected into second oil sump tank In 8.
Further, the head at the multigroup filter two ends led to before the ball of ball 12 with the exhaust passage 13 in the ball of ball 12 is led in Plate 25 and tailgate 29, the head plate 25 and tailgate 29 can shunt the air-flow in exhaust passage 13, change airflow direction and extenuate Air-flow makes each filter 19 exempt from the frontal impact of airflow the forward impact of each filter 19, improves the filtering of tobacco tar Effect.
As shown in figures 24-25, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of eighth embodiment of the invention offer, is in the 7th example of the invention On the basis of, an improvement is made to multigroup filter of the oil collecting system of ball valve, the row led to before the ball of ball 12 with the ball of ball 12 is led in Multigroup filter net sheet is set up in gas passage 13 respectively to lift the oil-collecting effect and purification air of ball valve.
Lead to oil collecting system before the ball of ball 12 in and set multigroup filter net sheet, multigroup filter net sheet includes filter net sheet 28, head plate 25 and tailgate 29, multigroup filter net sheet is arranged in valve air inlet port 5, and multigroup filter net sheet is vertically arranged side by side, multigroup filtering Two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 above and below mesh sheet, and the filter net sheet 28 is located at the middle part of multigroup filter net sheet, The head plate 25 is located at the front portion of multigroup filter net sheet, and the tailgate 29 is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter net sheet, the tailgate 29 Bottom be provided with recess 21, the recess 21 connects with first oil guiding hole 15.
Lead to oil collecting system in ball ball in and set multigroup filter net sheet, multigroup filter net sheet includes filter net sheet 28, head plate 25 With tailgate 29, multigroup filter net sheet leads in the exhaust passage 13 in ball 12 in being arranged on, and multigroup filter net sheet is vertically arranged side by side, Two ends are agreed with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface 14 above and below multigroup filter net sheet, and the filter net sheet 28 is located at multigroup filter net sheet Middle part, the head plate 25 be located at multigroup filter net sheet front portion, the tailgate 29 be located at multigroup filter net sheet rear portion, it is described Respectively interval is connected with second oil guiding hole 15 for the lower end of multigroup filter net sheet.
Further, multigroup filter is changed to multigroup filter net sheet, multigroup filter net sheet is except the head plate 25 and tail at two ends Multiple holes are provided with the plate face of each filter net sheet 28 outside plate 29, the group of tobacco tar filter net sheet 28 is made, further improved To the active collection effect of tobacco tar.
As shown in figs. 26-27, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of ninth embodiment of the invention offer, is in the first example of the invention On the basis of, one is made to 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve spacing 24 and is improved, 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 positioned at the top of ball valve shell 1 are changed to limit Position axle bed 9.
90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 of ball valve are spacing axle bed 9, and the spacing axle bed 9 is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 Axle bed 9 is located at the top of the second drive 43, and the second drive 43 is set in connecting shaft 11, the upper end of connecting shaft 11 with it is spacing Axle bed 9 is rotatedly connected, the lower end of connecting shaft 11 by shaft coupling 7 and apical axis 17 and in lead to ball 12 and be connected, or 90 degree of ball valve is opened and closed Spacing 24 be spacing axle bed 9, and spacing axle bed 9 is provided with 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24, and spacing axle bed 9 is located at the second travelling gear 73 Top, the second travelling gear 73 is interlocked with the first travelling gear 37, the first travelling gear 37 by eccentric arm 36 and pull bar 31 with Magnetic valve 38 is interlocked, and the second travelling gear 73 is set in connecting shaft 11, and the upper end of connecting shaft 11 rotates phase with spacing axle bed 9 Even, the lower end of connecting shaft 11 is connected by shaft coupling 7 with apical axis 17.
Further, spacing axle bed 9 is provided with spacing 24, the 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 of 90 degree of opening and closings and the spacing shell of axle bed 9 It is conjuncted, it is provided with limited bolt 23, the limited bolt 23 and the phase of connecting shaft 11 on the axle at connecting shaft 11 and 90 degree of opening and closings spacing 24 Even.
As indicated by figs. 28-29, it is the anti-smoke ball valve of tenth embodiment of the invention offer, is in the first example of the invention On the basis of, one is made to valve switching control system and is improved, the first drive 34 is driven by transmission rope 35 with the second drive 43, The first travelling gear 37 is used instead to be driven with the second drive 73.
Use two drives of switching control system the transmission of the first travelling gear 37 and the second travelling gear 73 instead, It can ensure that 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve.
As shown in Figure 30-31, it is the anti-smoke ball valve that eleventh embodiment of the invention is provided, is in the first example of the invention On the basis of, one is made with the driving of magnetic valve 38 to valve switching control system and is improved, motor 60 will be changed to the driving of magnetic valve 38 and driven It is dynamic.
Including reinforcing plate 10 and valve switching control system, the reinforcing plate 10 is located at below kitchen floorslab and common flue 01 Top, reinforcing plate 10 is connected with floor and common flue 01, and the valve switching control system is the driving control system of motor 60, bag Include electric-controlled switch, limit circuit 62, motor 60, reduction box 61, connecting shaft 11 and two shaft couplings 7, one end of electric-controlled switch with The electric line connection of limit circuit 62, the other end of electric-controlled switch is connected with socket electric wire, and limit circuit 62 is connected with motor 60, The ball valve, limit circuit 62, motor 60 and reduction box 61 are fixed in reinforcing plate 10, and motor 60 is by a shaft coupling 7 with subtracting One end of fast case 61 is connected, the other end of reduction box 61 by another shaft coupling 7 and apical axis 17 and in logical ball 12 be connected.
Further, the opening and closing of ball valve is defined by limit circuit 62 to the revolution of motor 60, then through reduction box 61 Make further limitation to revolution, so as to realize 90 degree of opening and closings of anti-smoke ball valve.
As shown in figure 32, it is the anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator of twelveth embodiment of the invention offer, is in the first Room of the invention On the basis of the anti-smoke ball valve that 11 embodiments are provided, anti-smoke ball valve and smoke exhaust ventilator 50 are combined together, including takes out The main body of lampblack absorber 50, mist extractor flexible pipe 39 and first embodiment of the invention are to the anti-smoke ball valve of the 11st embodiment.
Smoke exhaust ventilator 50 is connected with mist extractor flexible pipe 39, mist extractor flexible pipe 39 and first embodiment of the invention to the 11st reality The air inlet port 5 for applying the anti-smoke ball valve of example is connected, and the valve exhaust port 6 of anti-smoke ball valve is connected with common flue 01.
The combination of smoke exhaust ventilator 50 and anti-smoke ball valve, the power switch of anti-smoke ball valve and the electricity of the blower fan of smoke exhaust ventilator 50 Way switch 51 is in parallel, and 51 direct control is switched by the fan circuit of smoke exhaust ventilator 50, the circuit of the blower fan of smoke exhaust ventilator 50 is realized The opening and closing of the blower fan of 51 Synchronization Control smoke exhaust ventilator 50 and anti-smoke oil-collecting ball valve is switched, it is electric when opening the air exhauster of smoke exhaust ventilator 50 During way switch 51, while opening anti-smoke ball valve;When closing 50 air exhauster contactor 51 of smoke exhaust ventilator, simultaneously close off anti- Smoke ball valve.Operation sequence is simplified, has and avoids maloperation problem compared with ground, the service efficiency of above-mentioned two equipment is improved.
Described above, only the preferred embodiments of the present invention are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of anti-smoke ball valve, including shell, in lead to ball, valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port, it is described in lead in ball and be provided with The exhaust passage connected with the valve air inlet port and valve exhaust port, the valve air inlet port is located at case nose and smoke pumping Machine exhaust hose is communicated, and the valve exhaust port is located at outer casing back and common flue insertion, leads to during the shell parcel is described Ball, it is described in lead to ball be provided with rotating shaft, the rotating shaft include apical axis and middle axis, it is described in lead to ball pass through rotating shaft and the shell Be rotatedly connected, it is spacing provided with 90 degree opening and closings of ball valve at the top of the housing axis, the shell and it is described between logical ball with gap,
Lead in also including before ball ball oil collecting system and in lead to oil collecting system in ball ball, it is described in lead to oil collecting system before ball ball and include the One oil gathering from looped well concave surface, first oil guiding hole and first oil sump tank, first oil gathering from looped well concave surface are arranged on described The inwall of valve air inlet port, the bottom of first oil gathering from looped well concave surface is provided with first oil guiding hole, first oil-collecting Case is arranged on the valve air inlet port bottom and connected with first oil guiding hole,
Leading to oil collecting system in ball ball in described includes second oil gathering from looped well concave surface, second oil guiding hole and second oil sump tank, Second oil gathering from looped well concave surface for oil-collecting be arranged on it is described in lead to ball exhaust passage inwall, second Oil Guide Hole be opened in it is described in lead to the bottom of ball and connected with the middle axis, second oil guiding hole and second oil gathering from looped well The bottom connection of concave surface, second oil sump tank is arranged on the bottom of the ball valve shell and connected with second oil guiding hole It is logical,
Lead to oil collecting system before ball ball in described and be provided with multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter, head plate and tailgate, Multigroup filter is arranged in the valve air inlet port, and multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, multigroup filtering Two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface above and below piece, and the filter is located at the middle part of multigroup filter, the head Plate is located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, the bottom of the tailgate Provided with recess, the recess is connected with first oil guiding hole,
Lead to oil collecting system in ball ball in described and be provided with multigroup filter, multigroup filter includes filter, head plate and tailgate, Multigroup filter be arranged on it is described in lead to ball in exhaust passage in, multigroup filter is vertically arranged side by side, described Two ends are agreed with second oil gathering from looped well concave surface above and below multigroup filter, and the filter is located in multigroup filter Portion, the head plate is located at the front portion of multigroup filter, and the tailgate is located at the rear portion of multigroup filter, described multigroup Respectively interval is connected with second oil guiding hole for the lower end of filter.
2. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the shell includes ball valve base and bonnet, institute State valve air inlet port to communicate with smoke exhaust ventilator exhaust hose positioned at bonnet front end, the valve exhaust port is located at ball valve base rear end With common flue insertion, the ball valve base and the bonnet agree with and wrap up it is described in lead to ball.
3. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the exhaust passage two ends led in described in ball and ball Valve base, the joint place of bonnet are respectively equipped with sealing ring, and the sphere that the sealing ring leads to ball with is fitted, the sealing ring and institute Lead to ball in stating to be rotatedly connected.
4. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the apical axis be located at it is described in lead to the top of ball, The apical axis on the axle of 90 degree of opening and closing spacing places of ball valve with being additionally provided with limited bolt, and the limited bolt is connected with apical axis, described Middle axis be located at it is described in lead to the bottom of ball, the apical axis and the middle axis are located on same axis, in 90 degree of the ball valve The spacing center of opening and closing is provided with the upper hole for fixing apical axis, and the outer casing bottom is provided with for fixing under the middle axis Passage in hole, the middle axis with it is described in lead to the exhaust passage in ball and connect, the rotating shaft through the upper hole with The lower hole is rotatedly connected with the shell.
5. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 1, it is characterised in that lead to oil collecting system before ball ball in described and be provided with multi-disc Oil collection plate, the multi-disc oil collection plate is arranged in the valve air inlet port, and the multi-disc oil collection plate is vertically arranged side by side, described many Two ends are agreed with first oil gathering from looped well concave surface above and below piece oil collection plate, and the bottom of the multi-disc oil collection plate is provided with recess, described Recess is connected with first oil guiding hole,
Lead to oil collecting system in ball ball in described and be provided with multi-disc oil collection plate, the multi-disc oil collection plate be arranged on it is described in lead to the row in ball In gas passage, the multi-disc oil collection plate is vertically arranged side by side, and two ends and second oil gathering from looped well are recessed above and below the multi-disc oil collection plate Face is agreed with, and the bottom of the multi-disc oil collection plate is provided with recess, and the recess is connected with second oil guiding hole.
6. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 1, it is characterised in that multigroup filter is multigroup filter net sheet, Multigroup filter net sheet plate face of each in addition to the head plate and tailgate at two ends is provided with multiple holes.
7. according to the anti-smoke ball valve described in claim 4, it is characterised in that also including reinforcing plate and valve switching control system, institute State reinforcing plate and be located at below kitchen floorslab and be connected with common flue top, the reinforcing plate with the floor and common flue, institute Valve switching control system is stated for solenoid-driven control system, including electric-controlled switch, magnetic valve, pull bar, eccentric arm, the first biography Driving wheel, the second drive, transmission rope, connecting shaft, shaft coupling and two axle beds, one end of the electric-controlled switch and the magnetic valve Electric wire is connected, and the other end of the electric-controlled switch is connected with socket electric wire, and the ball valve, magnetic valve and two axle beds are fixed on institute State in reinforcing plate, the magnetic valve is connected by active pin with pull bar, one end of the pull bar passes through active pin and the electromagnetism Valve is connected, and the other end is rotated with one end of the eccentric arm and is connected, and the other end of the eccentric arm is rotated with the axle bed and is connected, One end that the eccentric arm is connected with the axle bed is fixedly connected with the first drive, and first drive connects with transmission rope Dynamic, the transmission rope is interlocked with second drive, and second driving wheel tube is located in the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft Upper end be connected with axle bed, the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with the apical axis.
8. according to the anti-smoke ball valve described in claim 7, it is characterised in that the switching control system, including electric-controlled switch, electricity Magnet valve, pull bar, eccentric arm, the first travelling gear, the second travelling gear, connecting shaft, shaft coupling and two axle beds, it is described automatically controlled One end of switch is connected with the magnetic valve electric wire, and the other end of the electric-controlled switch is connected with socket electric wire, the ball valve, electricity Magnet valve and two axle beds are fixed in the reinforcing plate, and the magnetic valve is connected by active pin with pull bar, the pull bar One end is connected by active pin with the magnetic valve, and one end of the other end and the eccentric arm, which is rotated, to be connected, the eccentric arm it is another One end is rotated with the axle bed and is connected, and one end that the eccentric arm is connected with the axle bed is fixedly connected with the first travelling gear, First travelling gear is interlocked with second travelling gear, and second travelling gear is set in the connecting shaft, institute The upper end for stating connecting shaft is connected with axle bed, and the lower end of the connecting shaft is connected by shaft coupling with the apical axis.
9. according to the anti-smoke ball valve described in claim 4, it is characterised in that also including reinforcing plate and valve switching control system, institute State reinforcing plate and be located at below kitchen floorslab and be connected with common flue top, the reinforcing plate with the floor and common flue, institute Valve switching control system is stated for driving control system for electric machine, including electric-controlled switch, limit circuit, motor, reduction box, connecting shaft and Two shaft couplings, one end of the electric-controlled switch is connected with the electric line of the limit circuit, the other end of the electric-controlled switch It is connected with socket electric wire, the limit circuit is connected with the motor, the ball valve, limit circuit, motor and reduction box are fixed In reinforcing plate, the motor is connected by a shaft coupling with one end of the reduction box, and the other end of the reduction box passes through Another shaft coupling is connected with the apical axis.
10. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 7, it is characterised in that spacing described 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve are limit shaft Seat, the spacing axle bed is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings, and the spacing axle bed is located at the top of second drive, and described the Two driving wheel tubes are located in the connecting shaft, and the upper end of the connecting shaft is rotatedly connected with spacing axle bed, under the connecting shaft End is connected by the shaft coupling with the apical axis.
11. anti-smoke ball valve according to claim 8, it is characterised in that spacing described 90 degree of opening and closings of ball valve are limit shaft Seat, the spacing axle bed is spacing provided with 90 degree of opening and closings, and the spacing axle bed is located at the top of second travelling gear, described Second travelling gear is set in the connecting shaft, and the upper end of the connecting shaft is rotatedly connected with spacing axle bed, the connecting shaft Lower end be connected by the shaft coupling with the apical axis.
12. a kind of anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator, it is characterised in that including smoke exhaust ventilator main body, mist extractor flexible pipe and claim 1- Anti- smoke ball valve described in 11 any one, the smoke exhaust ventilator and the mist extractor soft pipe connection, the mist extractor flexible pipe with The anti-smoke ball valve be connected, the anti-smoke ball valve is connected with common flue, the switch of the fume exhaust fan blower with it is described The power sources in parallel of anti-smoke ball valve.
CN201510738785.7A 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Anti- smoke ball valve and anti-smoke smoke exhaust ventilator Active CN105422896B (en)

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CN102003725A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 毛育敏 Anti-backflow range hood with self-driven sealed butterfly valve
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CN103162324A (en) * 2011-12-13 2013-06-19 上海市杨浦高级中学 Restaurant oil and smoke integrated processing system
CN204677804U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-30 高乃鑫 Anti-smoke oil-collecting ball valve and anti-smoke range hood
CN205155218U (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-04-13 高乃鑫 Smoke protection flavor ball valve and smoke protection flavor smoke ventilator

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US20040238031A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Lee Shane A. Heat actuated drain shutoff

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201180802Y (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-01-14 浙江沃尔达铜业有限公司 Plastic ball valve
CN102003725A (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-04-06 毛育敏 Anti-backflow range hood with self-driven sealed butterfly valve
CN103162324A (en) * 2011-12-13 2013-06-19 上海市杨浦高级中学 Restaurant oil and smoke integrated processing system
CN103062473A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-24 浙江盾安阀门有限公司 Power-driven ball valve
CN204677804U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-30 高乃鑫 Anti-smoke oil-collecting ball valve and anti-smoke range hood
CN205155218U (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-04-13 高乃鑫 Smoke protection flavor ball valve and smoke protection flavor smoke ventilator

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