CN105414026B - A kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing - Google Patents

A kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105414026B
CN105414026B CN201610043196.1A CN201610043196A CN105414026B CN 105414026 B CN105414026 B CN 105414026B CN 201610043196 A CN201610043196 A CN 201610043196A CN 105414026 B CN105414026 B CN 105414026B
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China
Prior art keywords
casing
winnowing
bending plate
gravity flow
blade
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CN201610043196.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105414026A (en
Inventor
时祥华
时照夏
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Jiangsu strong machine sieve Co., Ltd.
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Jiangsu Strong Machine Sieve Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610043196.1A priority Critical patent/CN105414026B/en
Publication of CN105414026A publication Critical patent/CN105414026A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/01Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents using gravity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/04Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents by impingement against baffle separators

Abstract

The present invention relates to the winnowing type primary cleaning plant in a kind of grain machinery, particularly a kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing.Casing is the diamond cubic structure of a parallelogram, and front side is venetian blind type air inlet, and rear side is bending harden structure.J-shaped bending plate cascade arrangement, rear end and left and right two are fixed on casing, and middle parabolic type hooks forward.Casing passes through the external air-drafting and dust-removing device of wind scoop and air channel.Its advantage is that cereal voluntarily trickles from the top down, is supplied without active force, and cereal is thrown to raise and seethed fully up in the presence of J-shaped bending plate and L-shaped blade, light miscellaneous and dust is effectively removed.Complete machine structure is simple, and appearance and size is small, and mobile and easy to use, efficiency high, yield is big, and cost is low, and efficiency is 34 times of general selection by winnowing equipment.

Description

A kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the screening installation in a kind of grain machinery, particularly a kind of clear grain device of winnowing type.Suitable for cereal Primary cleaning sorting is carried out before deep processing enterprise and grain storage to cereal.
Background technology
Grain screening installation is divided into one-level sorting, two level sorting, three-level sorting etc., one-level sorting therein, is also primary Sorting.After grain harvest, substantial amounts of such as weeds, straw, fag end, brick and tile, stone, glass fragment debris are contaminated with, to paddy Before thing carries out deep processing, it is necessary to which these debris are carried out with preliminary sorting cleaning.The major function of first optional equipment is to remove cereal In large-scale debris, husk, dust etc..So for optional equipment at the beginning of grain, substantially each grain depot must be equipped with.Screening It is divided into winnowing type, screening type and gravity separation formula again, the utility model is winnowing type screening installation.The principle of Winnowing cleaning screen, It is by cereal during free gravity falling bodies, the dust in cereal is adsorbed with gently miscellaneous by the blower fan of side, with Reach the purpose sorted for the first time.
The current first optional equipment of existing winnowing type grain, typically all by large-scale flat screen and pneumatic separator two parts group Into equipment is very huge, complicated, for operating with very inconvenient, mobile difficulty in different warehouses;And grain exists During freely falling body, it is impossible to reach the effect fully flown upward, therefore the efficiency of separation is low.
The content of the invention
Technical barrier to be solved by this invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided one kind is simple in construction, makes With the clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing convenient, that cleaning efficiency is high, cost is low.
The technical scheme is that including casing 4 and the side plate 15 located at both sides, upper end be provided with grain-entering mouth 1, lower end Provided with grain outlet 16, it is characterised in that:Casing 4 is the diamond cubic structure of a parallelogram;The front side of casing 4 is hundred Leaf window air inlet structure, the rear side of casing 4 is bending harden structure;Described bending harden structure, be by section it is " J " shaped, The cascade arrangement of horizontal stripe shape bending plate 3 is formed, and the left and right ends of every J-shaped bending plate 3 are fixed on casing 4, front end hook forward Row is played in casing 4, and clearance-type leaves inlet scoop 12 between every J-shaped bending plate 3;The venetian blind type air inlet knot Structure, formed by the arrangement of the clearance-type of blade 17, air inlet 18 is provided between every blade 17;The side plate 15 of the side of casing 4 is provided with The linkage that blade air quantity can be adjusted;Wind scoop 6, the inner chamber of casing 4 are connected with the outer side box body 4 of J-shaped bending plate 3 It is connected by wind scoop 6 and air channel 7 with air-drafting and dust-removing device.Blade 17 in the venetian blind type air inlet structure, its section It is L-shaped;The bending plate 3 of the J-shaped, its cross section are three bending structures hooked forward, and the angle between three bendings is 150-170o and 160-170o, rear side and middle side are long side, and front side is the short side hooked forward.
Described air-drafting and dust-removing device includes stop gram cage 8, airlock 23, light miscellaneous outlet 11, blower fan 9 and dust collecting box 10, stops The lower section of gram cage 8 is in series with airlock 23 and light miscellaneous outlet 11, and light the interior of miscellaneous outlet 11 is provided with the spiral Auger 22 for transporting debris; The top of brake gram cage 8 is connected with blower fan 9, and dust collecting box 10 is provided with blower fan 9.
The both ends of each blade 17 are supported on side plate 15 by screw rod 20 respectively.
On the casing 4, the outer side seal of J-shaped bending plate 3 have one layer of screen pack 21.
The left and right ends of J-shaped bending plate 3 are fixed on casing 4 by bolt and nut 5, or are directly welded on casing 4.
The linkage that blade air quantity can be adjusted, including regulation handle 13 and connecting rod 14, set on side plate 15 There is the long slot bore 19 that each screw rod 20 can be made to swing wherein;Connecting rod 14 is associated with the screw rod 20 on each blade 17, and can The screw rod 20 on each blade 17 is driven to be swung in long slot bore 19, to adjust the size of air inlet 18.
The inner side of casing 4, which is provided with, can make the cereal of grain-entering mouth 1 be sent to baffle plate 2 on J-shaped bending plate.
Cage 22 can be cut with scissors by the spiral of light miscellaneous submitting by being provided with light miscellaneous outlet 11.
The present invention compared with prior art the advantages of be:
(1)Complete machine structure is simple, and casing is compact, and appearance and size is small, moves and using easy to operate;It can be used as independent Device sold and installed, make all large-scale sorting equipments, realize modular combination, be easy for installation and maintenance, transport It is convenient;
(2)Cleaning efficiency is high, and yield is big, and cost is low, not only easy but also practical, and appearance and size is small, without any power, effect Rate is more than 3-4 times of general pneumatic separation device;
(3)Motion mode is voluntarily trickled from the top down by cereal completely, is supplied without active force, by the freely falling body of cereal Sorted, save the energy, noise is small, and effect on environment is small;
(4)The trailing flank of casing is that several stageds are intersected the J-shaped bending plate that is stacked and formed, it is relative with L-shaped blade and If cereal is set Zheng Yangqi can fully to be thrown on J-shaped bending plate one by one, then in L-shaped during gravity flow falls Beaten again on blade and be sent to next J-shaped bending plate, it is reciprocal with this, cereal is seethed in casing, so that cereal In husk, dust, small straw etc. it is light miscellaneous, obtain fully wind-suction type separation.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the box house of casing 4;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the casing outer link mechanism of Fig. 1 middle cases 4.
Label in figure:1- grain-entering mouths, 2- baffle plates, 3- bending plates, 4- casings, 5- bolt and nuts, 6- wind scoops, 7- air channels, 8- Brake gram cage, 9- blower fans, 10- dust collecting boxes, 11- gently miscellaneous outlets, 12- inlet scoops, 13- regulation handles, 14- connecting rods, 15- side plates, 16- grain outlets, 17- blades, 18- air inlets, 19- long slot bores, 20- screw rods, 21- screen packs, 22- airlocks, 23- spirals hinge Cage.
Embodiment
Make further narration in detail to the embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
The embodiment of the present invention includes two parts of screen box and air-drafting and dust-removing device.
The screen box is the diamond cubic case structure of a parallelogram, and the upper end of its casing 4 is grain-entering mouth 1, Lower end is grain outlet 16, and front side is venetian blind type air inlet structure, and rear side is bending harden structure, and the left and right sides is sustainable blade 17 and the side plate 15 of bending plate 3.
Described bending harden structure, to be formed by the cascade arrangement of horizontal stripe shape bending plate 3.The cross section of bending plate 3 is in " J " shape, the left and right ends of every J-shaped bending plate 3 are fixed on the side plate 15 of casing by bolt and nut 5 respectively, J-shaped bending plate 3 Front end hooks forward row in casing 4, and clearance-type leaves inlet scoop 12 between every J-shaped bending plate 3.The inner side of casing 4 is set There is the cereal that can make grain-entering mouth 1 to be sent to baffle plate 2 on J-shaped bending plate.The 3 outer side seal of bending plate of the rear side of casing 4 has one layer of mistake Filter screen 21, and wind scoop 6 is connected with, the inner chamber of casing 4 is connected by wind scoop 6 and air channel 7 with air-drafting and dust-removing device.
The venetian blind type air inlet structure, it is to be formed by the arrangement of the clearance-type of blade 17.The cross section of blade 17 is in " L " Type, and the left and right ends of each blade 17 are supported on side plate 15 by screw rod 20 respectively.Air inlet is provided between every blade 17 18.The linkage that blade air quantity can be adjusted is additionally provided with the side plate 15 in the outside of casing 4.
The linkage that blade air quantity can be adjusted, including regulation handle 13 and connecting rod 14, set on side plate 15 There is the long slot bore 19 that each screw rod 20 can be made to swing wherein;Connecting rod 14 is associated with the screw rod 20 on each blade 17, and can The screw rod 20 on each blade 17 is driven to be swung in long slot bore 19, to adjust the size of air inlet 18.
Described air-drafting and dust-removing device includes stop gram cage 8, airlock 23, light miscellaneous outlet 11, blower fan 9 and dust collecting box 10, stops The lower section of gram cage 8 is in series with airlock 23 and light miscellaneous outlet 11, and light the interior of miscellaneous outlet 11 is provided with the spiral Auger 22 for transporting debris; The top of brake gram cage 8 is connected with blower fan 9, and dust collecting box 10 is provided with blower fan 9.
The bending plate 3 of the J-shaped, its cross section are three bending structures hooked forward, and the angle between three bendings is 150-170o and 160-170o, rear side and middle side are long side, and front side is the short side hooked forward.The left and right ends of J-shaped bending plate 3 It can be fixedly connected on casing 4 by bolt and nut 5, can be also directly welded on casing 4.
During present invention work, cereal is admitted in casing 4 from grain-entering mouth 1, and free fall type is fallen under the ground water conservancy diversion of baffle plate 2 On the J-shaped bending plate 3 of bottom side, Yang Erqi is fully thrown on the J-shaped step of Pyatyi bending plate 3, under gravity from Grain-entering mouth 1 flow automatically and under, come out from grain outlet 16.When inlet scoop 12 of the cereal between 3 liang of plates of J-shaped bending plate at gap When, the lightweight being mingled in cereal is miscellaneous under the suction of blower fan 9, and air draught dedusting is inhaled into from inlet scoop 12, wind scoop 6, air channel 7 Separated in device, clean cereal is directly discharged from the grain outlet 16 of casing, so as to complete selection by winnowing separation.Air draught dedusting fills It is light miscellaneous to what is sucked again in putting, in stop gram cage 8 and airlock 23, by it is light it is miscellaneous in husk and dust separated again.Its Middle husk is collected from the light miscellaneous discharge of outlet 11, dust by dust collecting box 10.
Intake in casing 4 can be adjusted by regulation handle 13.
The present invention is simple in construction, and casing is compact, and the efficiency of separation is high, and yield is big, and cost is low, and noise is small, and environmental pollution is few, It is a kind of efficient grain primary election equipment of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The present invention is neither sieve, and also not without the box frame structure of any power, simply a kind of rhombus, it is with inhaling Wind dust arrester is used cooperatively, not only easy but also practical, and appearance and size is small, ultrahigh in efficiency, be 3-4 times of general pneumatic separation device with On.
The present invention can be sold and installed as independent device, all large-scale sorting equipments is realized modularization group Close, be easy for installation and maintenance, efficiency high, cost is low, convenient transportation.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing, including casing(4)And the side plate located at both sides(15), upper end is provided with grain-entering mouth (1), lower end is provided with grain outlet(16), it is characterised in that:Casing(4)For the diamond cubic structure of a parallelogram;Case Body(4)Front side be venetian blind type air inlet structure, casing(4)Rear side be bending harden structure;Described bending harden structure, it is By section is " J " shaped, horizontal stripe shape bending plate(3)Cascade arrangement forms, every J-shaped bending plate(3)Left and right ends fix In casing(4)On, front end hooks forward row in casing(4)It is interior, and every J-shaped bending plate(3)Between clearance-type leave air draught Mouthful(12);The venetian blind type air inlet structure, by blade(17)Clearance-type arrangement forms, every blade(17)Between be provided with into Air port(18);Casing(4)The side plate of side(15)It is provided with the linkage that blade air quantity can be adjusted;J-shaped bending plate (3)Outer side box body(4)On be connected with wind scoop(6), casing(4)Inner chamber pass through wind scoop(6)And air channel(7)Filled with air draught dedusting Put and be connected;Blade in the venetian blind type air inlet structure(17), its section is L-shaped;The bending plate of the J-shaped(3), Its cross section is three bending structures hooked forward, and the angle between three bendings is 150-170o and 160-170o, and rear side is with Side is long side, and front side is the short side hooked forward.
A kind of 2. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described air-drafting and dust-removing device includes Brake gram cage(8), airlock(23), light miscellaneous outlet(11), blower fan(9)And dust collecting box(10), gram cage of stopping(8)Lower section series connection it is relevant Wind device(23)With light miscellaneous outlet(11), light miscellaneous outlet(11)It is interior to be provided with the spiral Auger for transporting debris(22);Brake gram cage(8)It is upper Side and blower fan(9)It is connected, blower fan(9)Place is provided with dust collecting box(10).
A kind of 3. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each blade(17)Both ends difference By screw rod(20)It is supported on side plate(15)On.
A kind of 4. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The casing(4)Upper, J-shaped bending Plate(3)Outer side seal have one layer of screen pack(21).
A kind of 5. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:J-shaped bending plate(3)Left and right ends By bolt and nut(5)It is fixed on casing(4)On, or it is directly welded at casing(4)On.
A kind of 6. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that:It is described blade air quantity to be entered The linkage of row regulation, including regulation handle(13)And connecting rod(14), side plate(15)Each screw rod can be made by being provided with(20) The long slot bore wherein swung(19);Connecting rod(14)With each blade(17)On screw rod(20)It is associated, and each leaf can be driven Piece(17)On screw rod(20)In long slot bore(19)Middle swing, to adjust air inlet(18)Size.
A kind of 7. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Casing(4)Inner side be provided with can make into Grain mouth(1)Cereal be sent to J-shaped bending plate(3)On baffle plate(2).
A kind of 8. clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Light miscellaneous outlet(11)Inside it is provided with The spiral of light miscellaneous submitting can be cut with scissors cage(22).
CN201610043196.1A 2016-01-23 2016-01-23 A kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing Active CN105414026B (en)

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CN201610043196.1A CN105414026B (en) 2016-01-23 2016-01-23 A kind of clear grain device of gravity flow selection by winnowing

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105414026B true CN105414026B (en) 2017-12-15

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CN110981248B (en) * 2019-11-21 2021-09-28 淮南创大实业有限责任公司 Coal gangue decarburization device

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CN2495084Y (en) * 2001-08-21 2002-06-19 丹东市三环实业有限公司 Lifting and sorting device for thresher
JP2011025159A (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-02-10 Satake Corp Rice hulling and polishing machine
CN201659095U (en) * 2010-04-27 2010-12-01 梁斌 Upward-blowing specific gravity complex cleaning and sorting machine
CN202655238U (en) * 2012-06-27 2013-01-09 山东亿恺仓储工程有限公司 Grain winnowing stone-impurity removing separating device
CN202655246U (en) * 2012-06-27 2013-01-09 山东亿恺仓储工程有限公司 Wind uniformizing device of grain winnowing separator
CN104984908B (en) * 2015-07-11 2017-05-31 时祥华 A kind of gravity flow primary separating sieve
CN205361963U (en) * 2016-01-23 2016-07-06 时祥华 Clear grain ware of gravity flow selection by winnowing

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Effective date of registration: 20171025

Address after: 224007 strong machine screen factory No. 111, South Avenue, Yancheng City, Jiangsu

Applicant after: Jiangsu strong machine sieve Co., Ltd.

Address before: 224007 Jiangsu Yancheng City Tongyu South Road 335 strong machine sieve factory

Applicant before: Shi Xianghua

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