CN105409835B - The method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture - Google Patents

The method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105409835B
CN105409835B CN201510747272.2A CN201510747272A CN105409835B CN 105409835 B CN105409835 B CN 105409835B CN 201510747272 A CN201510747272 A CN 201510747272A CN 105409835 B CN105409835 B CN 105409835B
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water
area
plc
pond
oxygen
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CN105409835A (en
Inventor
朱晓荣
吴益近
岳益超
黄桦
顾建国
褚秋芬
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CHANGZHOU WUJIN DISTRICT AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION STATION
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CHANGZHOU WUJIN DISTRICT AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION STATION
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A kind of method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water cultivating system, the water in main pond flows into drainage ditch, settling zone, which is flowed into, via drainage ditch again carries out contamination processing, then it flows into again and carries out preliminary purification in primary purifying area, undercurrent purifying area is flowed into after preliminary purification to be purified again, enter microbial cleaning area after purifying again and carry out microbial cleaning, subsequently flow into Ecological regulation area and be adjusted to be suitable for main pond breeding water;In addition when flow sensor passes to minimum flow velocity value of the flow speed value in PLC lower than setting, PLC is judged as zeolite or active carbon causes blockages, and carries out de-plugging processing thus according to the judging result;If oxygen concentration sensor passes to Cmin value of the oxygen density value in PLC lower than setting, PLC is judged as water oxygen tolerance deficiency, carries out oxygenated treatment thus according to the judging result.Avoid that water quality in the prior art is bad, the defect of water resource and oxygenating not in time can not be recycled.

Description

The method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fish culture, and in particular to a kind of method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture.
Background technique
Cultivation fishery is to make up global aquatic products supply deficiency, becomes most fast one of the department of world food production development, But the sustainable development for cultivating fishery is primarily present the outmoded backwardness of breeding facility, land resource in short supply, water quality scarcity of resources, labour Power equal restrictive factors at high cost.In developed areas of south Jiangsu, the contradiction cultivated between fishery and environment is more prominent, therefore will be from The mode of extended surface increment is converted into economizing type and industrial aquaculture system, reduces totle drilling cost, realizes that energy-saving and emission-reduction are recycled, and It keeps to extraneous pollution-free.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of methods that fishery industrializes circulation flowing water culture, first for the water in the main pond breeded fish Drainage ditch is first flowed into, then flows into settling zone via drainage ditch and carries out contamination processing, then flows into primary purifying area and is carried out just again Step purification flows into undercurrent purifying area and is purified again after preliminary purification, carry out after purification into microbial cleaning area again micro- Biological cleaning, subsequently flow into Ecological regulation area and be adjusted to be suitable for main pond breeding water, starting water pump uses the cultivation Water successively passes through pressure pond and flume is sent into main pond;In addition it is set when the flow speed value that flow sensor passes in PLC is lower than When fixed minimum flow velocity value, PLC is judged as zeolite or active carbon causes blockages, and is solved thus according to the judging result Stifled processing;If oxygen concentration sensor passes to Cmin value of the oxygen density value in PLC lower than setting, PLC just sentences Middle amount of oxygen of cutting off the water supply is insufficient, carries out oxygenated treatment thus according to the judging result.Avoid water quality in the prior art it is bad, The defect of water resource and oxygenating not in time can not be recycled.
A kind of method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides Solution, it is specific as follows:
A kind of method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture, first setting fishery industrialize circulation flowing water cultivating system, It includes the main pond 9 for breeding fish, and the drainage ditch 5 of the rear end same level transverse direction in the main pond 9 communicates, the drainage ditch 5 Right end communicated with settling zone 1, the settling zone 1 is used to realize the effect of contamination, and 1 same level of settling zone is longitudinal Primary purifying area 2 is connected, and carries out preliminary purification, institute by cultivation water plant, spiral shell freshwater mussel in the primary purifying area 2 The undercurrent purifying area 3 for the primary purifying area 2 same level longitudinal direction stated is connected, be placed in the undercurrent purifying area 3 zeolite or Person's active carbon purifies, and the microbial cleaning area 4 of 3 same level of the undercurrent purifying area longitudinal direction is connected, described is micro- It is provided with biofilm carrier in biological cleaning area 4, using microorganism formulation, and the same microorganism in Ecological regulation area 6 of horizontal cross Purifying area 4 is connected, and cultivation has spiral shell freshwater mussel, silver carp flathead or other filter-feeding fishes, Ecological regulation area in the Ecological regulation area 6 Water pressure pond is introduced by lift pump, the rear end in the pressure pond 7 is connected with the front end of flume 8, the diversion The rear end of canal 8 is connected with the front end in main pond 9, in addition the pressure pond 7 between flume 8 by passing through pressure difference gravity flow Convey water, the flume 8 also by pressure difference gravity flow with water is conveyed between main pond 9, in the flume 8 also It is provided with aeration board, the exit of the undercurrent purifying area 3 is provided with flow sensor, in the main pond 9, pressure pond 7, flume 8, Ecological regulation area 6 and primary purifying area 2 is inner is each provided with oxygen concentration sensor;Oxygen concentration sensing Device is connected with PLC with flow sensor;
The water for thening be used to the main pond 9 breeded fish flows into drainage ditch 5 first, then flows into settling zone 1 via drainage ditch 5 and carry out Contamination processing, then flows into again and carries out preliminary purification in primary purifying area 2, and undercurrent purifying area 3 is flowed into after preliminary purification and is carried out again Secondary purification enters microbial cleaning area 4 after purifying again and carries out microbial cleaning, subsequently flows into Ecological regulation area 6 and be adjusted to energy It is enough suitable for the breeding water in main pond, breeding water is introduced pressure pond by starting lift pump, then enters diversion by pressure difference gravity flow Canal;In addition when flow sensor passes to minimum flow velocity value of the flow speed value in PLC lower than setting, PLC is judged as zeolite or work Property charcoal cause blockages, thus according to the judging result carry out de-plugging processing;If oxygen concentration sensor passes in PLC When oxygen density value is lower than the Cmin value set, PLC is judged as water oxygen tolerance deficiency, comes thus according to the judging result Carry out oxygenated treatment.
The water plant is water sky dish, water lily, thaliadeabata or hydrilla verticillata.
The filter-feeding fish is sturgeon, and the sturgeon is paddlefish.
The microbial cleaning area 4 can adjust the dosage of microorganism formulation according to temperature;The microorganism formulation Are as follows: photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, lactobacillus or actinomycete group.
Time needed for oxygenation can be calculated according further to formula △ O=(1.07 × T × t × j)/K, wherein △ O is oxygen-adding amount, and oxygen gas flow rate when T is oxygenation, t is the time needed for oxygenation, and j is solubility of the oxygen in breeding water, and K is The gross weight of breeding water.
The water that the present invention passes through the main pond 9 for breeding fish flows into drainage ditch 5 first, then flows into settling zone 1 via drainage ditch 5 Carry out contamination processing, then flow into again and carry out preliminary purification in primary purifying area 2, after preliminary purification flow into undercurrent purifying area 3 into Row purifies again, enters microbial cleaning area 4 after purifying again and carries out microbial cleaning, subsequently flows into the adjusting of Ecological regulation area 6 At the breeding water that can be suitable for main pond, start lift pump breeding water and introduce pressure pond, then is flow automatically by pressure difference and entered Flume.Water quality can thus be realized purification, can be realized and recycle water source, moreover it is possible to which oxygen is increased by aeration board.When When flow sensor passes to minimum flow velocity value of the flow speed value in PLC lower than setting, PLC is judged as zeolite or active carbon blocks up Phenomenon is filled in, carries out de-plugging processing thus according to the judging result;If oxygen concentration sensor passes to the oxygen density value in PLC Lower than setting Cmin value when, it is insufficient that PLC is judged as water oxygen tolerance, carries out at oxygenation thus according to the judging result Reason.Thus the processing to realize de-plugging or oxygenation can automatically be prompted.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is floor map of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Further explanation of the contents of the invention are made with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Shown in referring to Fig.1, the method for fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture, first setting fishery industrializes circulation flowing water and supports Grow system comprising for the main pond 9 breeded fish, the drainage ditch 5 of the rear end same level transverse direction in the main pond 9 is communicated, described The right end of drainage ditch 5 is communicated with settling zone 1, and the settling zone 1 is used to realize the effect of contamination, the same water in settling zone 1 It puts down longitudinal primary purifying area 2 to be connected, be carried out in the primary purifying area 2 by cultivation water plant, spiral shell freshwater mussel preliminary Purification, the undercurrent purifying area 3 of the primary purifying area 2 same level longitudinal direction are connected, the inner placement of undercurrent purifying area 3 Zeolite or active carbon purified, the microbial cleaning area 4 of 3 same level of the undercurrent purifying area longitudinal direction is connected, It is provided with biofilm carrier in the microbial cleaning area 4, using microorganism formulation, and the Ecological regulation area 6 of horizontal cross It is connected with microbial cleaning area 4, cultivation has spiral shell freshwater mussel, silver carp flathead or other filter-feeding fishes, institute in the Ecological regulation area 6 The Ecological regulation area stated need to build entirely stable ecological water flow, the ecological balance of environment makes the cultivation in water source main pond preferably Pressure pond 7 is introduced by lift pump with the water of water, Ecological regulation area, described presses the rear end in pond 7 with the front end of flume 8 It is connected, the rear end of the flume 8 is connected with the front end in main pond 9, and in addition the pressure pond 7 is the same as between flume 8 Water is conveyed by pressure difference gravity flow, the flume 8 conveys water also by pressure difference gravity flow between main pond 9, described Flume 8 in be additionally provided with aeration board.The water plant is water sky dish, water lily, thaliadeabata or hydrilla verticillata.It is described Filter-feeding fish be sturgeon, the sturgeon be paddlefish.The exit of the undercurrent purifying area 3 is provided with flow velocity to pass Sensor is each provided in the main pond 9, pressure pond 7, flume 8, Ecological regulation area 6 and primary purifying area 2 Oxygen concentration sensor;Oxygen concentration sensor is connected with PLC with flow sensor;It then be used to the main pond 9 breeded fish Water flows into drainage ditch 5 first, then flows into settling zone 1 via drainage ditch 5 and carry out contamination processing, then flows into primary purifying area 2 again Middle carry out preliminary purification flows into undercurrent purifying area 3 and is purified again, enters microbial cleaning after purifying again after preliminary purification Area 4 carries out microbial cleaning, subsequently flow into Ecological regulation area 6 and be adjusted to be suitable for main pond breeding water, start lift pump Breeding water is introduced pressure pond, then flume is entered by pressure difference gravity flow.In addition when flow sensor passes to the stream in PLC When speed value is lower than the minimum flow velocity value set, PLC is judged as zeolite or active carbon causes blockages, thus according to the judgement knot Fruit carries out de-plugging processing;If oxygen concentration sensor passes to Cmin value of the oxygen density value in PLC lower than setting, PLC is judged as water oxygen tolerance deficiency, carries out oxygenated treatment thus according to the judging result.Water quality can thus be realized net Change, can be realized and recycle water source, moreover it is possible to which oxygen is increased by aeration board.The microbial cleaning area 4 can be according to temperature To adjust the dosage of microorganism formulation;The microorganism formulation are as follows: photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, lactobacillus or unwrapping wire Flora, lactobacillus can remove COD and ammonia nitrogen in breeding water, and removal rate is respectively 30% and 35.7%;Actinomycete group pair The removal effect of COD is significant in breeding water, and removal rate can reach 58.5%, removal and cream to the ammonia nitrogen in breeding water Sour flora is similar, and removal rate is 3 8%, and oxygen is consumed less, oxygen production capacity height.
Time needed for oxygenation can be calculated according further to formula △ O=(1.07 × T × t × j)/K, wherein △ O is oxygen-adding amount, and oxygen gas flow rate when T is oxygenation, t is the time needed for oxygenation, and j is solubility of the oxygen in breeding water, and K is The gross weight of breeding water.The horizontal of oxygen supply can be thus precisely controlled.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention in any form, though So the present invention has been disclosed as a preferred embodiment, and however, it is not intended to limit the invention, any technology people for being familiar with this profession Member, without departing from the scope of the present invention, when the technology contents using the disclosure above are modified or are modified For the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations, but without departing from the technical solutions of the present invention, according to the technical essence of the invention, Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any simple modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements to the above embodiments etc., still Belong within the protection scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of method of fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture, it is characterised in that: setting fishery industrializes circulation flowing water first Cultivating system comprising for the main pond breeded fish, the drainage ditch of the rear end same level transverse direction in the main pond is communicated, the row The right end of water channel is communicated with settling zone, and the settling zone is used to realize the effect of contamination, and the settling zone same level is longitudinal Primary purifying area be connected, preliminary purification is carried out by cultivation water plant, spiral shell freshwater mussel in the primary purifying area, it is described The undercurrent purifying area of primary purifying area same level longitudinal direction be connected, be placed zeolite or activity in the undercurrent purifying area Charcoal is purified, and the microbial cleaning area of the undercurrent purifying area same level longitudinal direction is connected, the microbial cleaning Biofilm carrier is provided in area, using microorganism formulation, and the Ecological regulation area of horizontal cross is connected with microbial cleaning area Logical, cultivation has spiral shell freshwater mussel or silver carp flathead in the Ecological regulation area, and the water in Ecological regulation area introduces pressure pond, institute by lift pump The rear end in the pressure pond stated is connected with the front end of flume, and the rear end of the flume is connected with the front end in main pond, separately The pressure pond with conveying water between flume by pressure difference gravity flow, the flume between main pond also by Pressure difference is flow automatically to convey water, is additionally provided with aeration board in the flume, is set in the exit of the undercurrent purifying area It is equipped with flow sensor, is respectively set in the main pond, pressure pond, flume, Ecological regulation area and primary purifying area It is equipped with oxygen concentration sensor;Oxygen concentration sensor is connected with PLC with flow sensor;
Drainage ditch is flowed into first for the water in the main pond breeded fish, then flows into settling zone via drainage ditch and carries out contamination processing, then It flows into again and carries out preliminary purification in primary purifying area, undercurrent purifying area is flowed into after preliminary purification and is purified again, is purified again Enter microbial cleaning area afterwards and carry out microbial cleaning, subsequently flowing into Ecological regulation area and being adjusted to is suitable for that the cultivation in main pond is used Water, breeding water is introduced pressure pond by starting lift pump, then enters flume by pressure difference gravity flow;In addition work as flow sensor When passing to the flow speed value in PLC lower than the minimum flow velocity value set, PLC is judged as zeolite or active carbon causes blockages, by This carries out de-plugging processing according to the judgment result;If oxygen concentration sensor passes to the oxygen density value in PLC lower than setting Cmin value when, it is insufficient that PLC is judged as water oxygen tolerance, carries out oxygenated treatment thus according to the judging result;
The water plant is water sky dish, water lily, thaliadeabata or hydrilla verticillata;
Time needed for oxygenation can be calculated according further to formula △ O=(1.07 × T × t × j)/K, wherein △ O be Oxygen-adding amount, oxygen gas flow rate when T is oxygenation, t are the time needed for oxygenation, and j is solubility of the oxygen in breeding water, and K is feeding Grow the gross weight with water.
2. the method for fishery industrialization circulation flowing water culture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the microorganism Purifying area can adjust the dosage of microorganism formulation according to temperature;The microorganism formulation are as follows: photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, Lactobacillus or actinomycete group.
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DE4204697A1 (en) * 1992-02-17 1993-08-19 Harald Winkler Water hardness and pH long term control e.g. in ponds, fish tanks etc. - by circulating part of water through ion exchange unit for reduced mineral content and volume of water circulated is regulated in relation to pH value
CN100387119C (en) * 2004-12-04 2008-05-14 淮安市水产科学研究所 Ecological industrial fish cultivating system
CN202143402U (en) * 2011-06-27 2012-02-15 天津盛亿养殖有限公司 Circulating water aquaculture system
KR101192945B1 (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-10-18 배종근 Water purification garden for pond using organic hydroponics
CN104211259B (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-11-02 同济大学 A kind of multifunctional ecological cleaning system of scale recirculating aquaculture water
CN104591483B (en) * 2014-12-26 2017-01-11 宁波远志立方能源科技有限公司 Cultivation water purification and circulation system and method for improving water quality by using same

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