CN105409546A - Method for interplanting radix angelicae in ginkgo biloba forest - Google Patents

Method for interplanting radix angelicae in ginkgo biloba forest Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105409546A
CN105409546A CN201510867403.0A CN201510867403A CN105409546A CN 105409546 A CN105409546 A CN 105409546A CN 201510867403 A CN201510867403 A CN 201510867403A CN 105409546 A CN105409546 A CN 105409546A
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root
radix angelicae
dahurain angelica
centimetres
fertilizer
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CN201510867403.0A
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Inventor
杨新成
张广辉
宋婉玲
刘华春
朱琳
潘云
夏米蕊
蒋亚良
罗云
张建雄
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Yunnan Xierkang Planting Co Ltd
Yunnan Agricultural University
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Yunnan Xierkang Planting Co Ltd
Yunnan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201510867403.0A priority Critical patent/CN105409546A/en
Publication of CN105409546A publication Critical patent/CN105409546A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for interplanting radix angelicae in a ginkgo biloba forest. The method comprises the following steps: sowing after land selection, soil preparation and pretreatment of seeds, pulling out weak seedlings and dense seedlings after the heights of radix angelicae seedlings reach 6 centimeters, applying a humic acid water-soluble fertilizer, applying a compound fertilizer at an interval of 40 days, then alternately applying the humic acid water-soluble fertilizer and the compound fertilizer, and stopping fertilizer application when the heights of the radix angelicae seedlings are 13-16 centimeters; and carrying out protection management on fields, harvesting in the middle to end of September of the current year if seeds of the radix angelicae are sowed in the spring, harvesting in the end of August of the next year when laminas of the radix angelicae are withered, cutting out leaves and stems of the radix angelicae and using the leaves and stems of the radix angelicae as compost, then digging out roots, and drying and ventilating. The radix angelicae is planted in the ginkgo biloba forest, idle blocks in the forest are utilized fully, short-term crops are used for culturing long-term crops, and economic benefit is created. The radix angelicae is interplanted in the ginkgo biloba forest according to the scheme provided by the invention, nutrient transformation rate and soil loosening capability can be improved, so that rhizomes of the radix angelicae can be expanded quickly, and the content of effective substances is greatly increased.

Description

The method of the ginkgo forest interplanting root of Dahurain angelica
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of the ginkgo forest interplanting root of Dahurain angelica, belong to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
Ginkgo (GinkgobilobaL.) is Ginkgoaceae, Ginkgo deciduous tree.Before ginkgo appears at several hundred million years, be Relict Plant the most ancient in the gymnosperm that carries over after quaternary glacier motion, the alive ginkgo of existing work is rare and disperse, and upper veteran at the age of one hundred years old is rare, all become extinct, so ginkgo has again the laudatory title of living fossil with its every other plant with guiding principle.Mutation and kind have: yellow leaf ginkgo, tower-like ginkgo, baiera, weeping branch ginkgo, variegated leaf ginkgo etc. 26 kinds.
The fruit of ginkgo is commonly called as gingko, and therefore ginkgo has another name called maidenhair tree.Ginkgo growth is comparatively slow, and the life-span is extremely long, and tie ginkgo nut wanted for two more than ten years from plant under natural conditions, after 40 years, ability large result, has and view and admire, economy, medical value.Mainly expand the process that tree crown, trunk are thicker before ginkgo becomes a useful person, if ginkgo woods is thrown something aside by this period, then rather cause the waste of land resources, be also unfavorable for the income level improving peasant household simultaneously.
Ginkgo is the dark root woody plants of perennial fallen leaves, has the feature of obvious greenery phase and leaf fall period alternate cycles.From ginkgo breeding time, it is 190 days that ginkgo opens leaf to time of fallen leaves from spring, and having the time of nearly half a year to be in the leaf fall period, is also the good chance of ginkgo garden intercropping.Utilize the greenery phase of ginkgo and the feature of leaf fall period alternate cycles, negative crop can be interplanted in the ginkgo greenery phase, positive crop can be interplanted in the ginkgo leaf fall period.
The root of Dahurain angelica is term growth medicinal material, and the production cycle is 1 year.After root of Dahurain angelica results, ginkgo woods can also interplant other short-term medicinal materials, can reach the object raised short-long, and increases economic efficiency and land utilization rate.Root of Dahurain angelica adaptability is very strong, and resist cold, like gentle humid climate, all there is cultivation China various places, and happiness faces south, the environment of illumination abundance.
Therefore, if can by root of Dahurain angelica interplanting in ginkgo woods, what both avoided ginkgo woods throws something aside waste, can improve Household income again under Low investment.
Summary of the invention
Throw something aside the problems such as waste for what solve ginkgo woods, the invention provides a kind of method of the ginkgo forest interplanting root of Dahurain angelica, to make full use of the idle plot of woodland, raise short-long, create economic benefit.
The present invention is realized by following technical proposal: a kind of method of the ginkgo forest interplanting root of Dahurain angelica, through following each step:
(1) selection of land is wholely: before and after clear and bright or August to September, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 80 ~ 160 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; Apply composite fertilizer 50 kilograms or fertile 1000 kilograms of medicine routinely in conjunction with whole every mu, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of corn flour+30 ~ 35g/L of pine tar+80 ~ 100g/L of Ms+0.03 ~ 0.05mg/L6-BA+10 ~ 15% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 11 ~ 3g/L+3 ~ 5g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1 ~ 1.5 kilogram, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu, composite fertilizer, after 40 days, is used again in interval, alternately imposes the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and composite fertilizer afterwards at interval of 20 ~ 30 days, stops fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, can gather then by mid or late September for the spring sowing root of Dahurain angelica, and gather when autumn sowing root of Dahurain angelica Second Year late August blade presents withered state, root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
The composite fertilizer of described step (1), (4) is commercial potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer.
The active ingredient of the composite fertilizer of described step (1), (4) is N:P 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7.
The medicine fertilizer of described step (1) is made up of the component of following masses part: astragalus root dregs 300 ~ 400 parts, bagasse 300 ~ 350 parts, 70 ~ 80 parts, rice bran, 10 ~ 20 parts, urea.
The active ingredient containing the water-soluble fertilizer of humus of described step (4) is N:P 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7.
The protection management of described step (5) is cut weeds in time, prevents and treats damage by disease and insect, and drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away.
Described to carry out control to damage by disease and insect be observe at any time, prevents and treats: spot blight first removes invalid tissue, concentrates and burns, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 400 ~ 500 times of liquid to when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis (every gram of bacterium powder is containing spore 10,000,000,000) 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 500 ~ 1000 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
The advantage that the present invention possesses and effect:
The ginkgo underwood planting root of Dahurain angelica, makes full use of the plot that woodland is idle, raises short-long, and creates economic benefit.Supplement 1 ~ 7 value vacancy that age, ginkgo produced, reduce cost of land.Carry out the ginkgo woods interplanting root of Dahurain angelica by scheme provided by the invention, can improve nutrition conversion ratio and ability of loosening the soil, root of Dahurain angelica rhizome is expanded fast, and active principle content improves greatly.In farming, loosening soil is beneficial to and improves soil layer construction, makes full use of land resources, and increase land cover pattern rate, water conservation, prevents serious erosion of soil and water, maintains ecosystem balance, increases ginkgo woodland plantation kind, is conducive to transforming agricultural production.Root of Dahurain angelica per mu yield of the present invention can reach 400 ~ 500kg, every mu of income energy income 2200 ~ 2750 yuan.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
(1) selection of land is wholely: before and after clear and bright, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 120 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; Medicine fertilizer (being made up of the component of following masses part: astragalus root dregs 350 parts, bagasse 320 parts, 75 parts, rice bran, 15 parts, urea) 1000 kilograms is applied routinely in conjunction with whole every mu, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of the corn flour+32g/L of the pine tar+90g/L of Ms+0.04mg/L6-BA+12% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 1 1g/L+4g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1.2 kilograms, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then (active ingredient is N:P to use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), interval is after 40 days, and (active ingredient is N:P to application of phosphoric acid dihydro potash fertilizer again 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), alternately impose the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer at interval of 25 days afterwards, stop fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, namely cut weeds in time, prevent and treat damage by disease and insect, drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away; Wherein, carrying out control to damage by disease and insect is observe at any time, prevents and treats: spot blight first removes invalid tissue to when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect, concentrates and burns, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 450 times of liquid; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis (every gram of bacterium powder is containing spore 10,000,000,000) 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 800 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
Can gather then by mid or late September for the spring sowing root of Dahurain angelica, and root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
Embodiment 2
(1) selection of land is wholely: August to September, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 80 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; Medicine fertilizer (being made up of the component of following masses part: astragalus root dregs 300 parts, bagasse 300 parts, 70 parts, rice bran, 10 parts, urea) 1000 kilograms is applied routinely in conjunction with whole every mu, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of the corn flour+30g/L of the pine tar+80g/L of Ms+0.03mg/L6-BA+10% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 1 1g/L+3g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1 kilogram, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then (active ingredient is N:P to use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), interval is after 40 days, and (active ingredient is N:P to application of phosphoric acid dihydro potash fertilizer again 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), alternately impose the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer at interval of 20 days afterwards, stop fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, namely cut weeds in time, prevent and treat damage by disease and insect, drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away; Wherein, carrying out control to damage by disease and insect is observe at any time, prevents and treats: spot blight first removes invalid tissue to when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect, concentrates and burns, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 400 times of liquid; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis (every gram of bacterium powder is containing spore 10,000,000,000) 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 500 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
Gather when autumn sowing root of Dahurain angelica Second Year late August blade presents withered state, root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
Embodiment 3
(1) selection of land is wholely: before and after clear and bright, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 160 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; Medicine fertilizer (being made up of the component of following masses part: astragalus root dregs 400 parts, bagasse 350 parts, 80 parts, rice bran, 20 parts, urea) 1000 kilograms is applied routinely in conjunction with whole every mu, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of the corn flour+35g/L of the pine tar+100g/L of Ms+0.05mg/L6-BA+15% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 1 3g/L+5g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1.5 kilograms, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then (active ingredient is N:P to use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), interval is after 40 days, and (active ingredient is N:P to application of phosphoric acid dihydro potash fertilizer again 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), alternately impose the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer at interval of 30 days afterwards, stop fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, namely cut weeds in time, prevent and treat damage by disease and insect, drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away; Wherein, carrying out control to damage by disease and insect is observe at any time, prevents and treats: spot blight first removes invalid tissue to when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect, concentrates and burns, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 500 times of liquid; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis (every gram of bacterium powder is containing spore 10,000,000,000) 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 1000 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
Can gather then by mid or late September for the spring sowing root of Dahurain angelica, and root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
Embodiment 4
(1) selection of land is wholely: August to September, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 100 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; (active ingredient is N:P to apply commercial potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer routinely in conjunction with whole every mu 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7) 50 kilograms, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of the corn flour+35g/L of the pine tar+80g/L of Ms+0.05mg/L6-BA+15% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 1 3g/L+3g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1.5 kilograms, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then (active ingredient is N:P to use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), interval is after 40 days, and (active ingredient is N:P to application of phosphoric acid dihydro potash fertilizer again 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7), alternately impose the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer at interval of 24 days afterwards, stop fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, namely cut weeds in time, prevent and treat damage by disease and insect, drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away; Wherein, carrying out control to damage by disease and insect is observe at any time, prevents and treats: spot blight first removes invalid tissue to when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect, concentrates and burns, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 500 times of liquid; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis (every gram of bacterium powder is containing spore 10,000,000,000) 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 500 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
Gather when autumn sowing root of Dahurain angelica Second Year late August blade presents withered state, root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
Comparative example 1: with embodiment 1, only omits step (2) to the pretreatment of seed;
Comparative example 2: with embodiment 1, only omits alternately fertilization mode, only the application of phosphoric acid dihydro potash fertilizer of step (4).

Claims (7)

1. a method for the ginkgo forest interplanting root of Dahurain angelica, is characterized in that through following each step:
(1) selection of land is wholely: before and after clear and bright or August to September, in ginkgo forest land, select farming layer depth, the soil is porous, fertile, draining is good, warm on the sunny side, more moistening Plain or plot, gentle slope; With conventional weed killer herbicide removing weeds, treat that weeds are withered and yellow, plough deeply 25 ~ 30 centimetres, shine a native week more than, rake soil crushing, the then thin leveling of rake, do wide 80 ~ 160 centimetres, the furrow of high 16 ~ 20 centimetres, furrow face should be smooth; Apply composite fertilizer 50 kilograms or fertile 1000 kilograms of medicine routinely in conjunction with whole every mu, plough under in soil and make base manure, apply lime and content 50% sulphur carbendazim 200 times of liquid carry out control soil insect and germ simultaneously;
(2) Seeds preprocess: the root of Dahurain angelica seed of newly adopting of biennial plant is first soaked 3 hours in carbendazim 400 times of liquid, be inoculated in following induction germination medium: the agar of the mashed potatoes of corn flour+30 ~ 35g/L of pine tar+80 ~ 100g/L of Ms+0.03 ~ 0.05mg/L6-BA+10 ~ 15% volume ratio+spend sucrose+6% mass ratio of the active carbon+30g/L of precious No. 11 ~ 3g/L+3 ~ 5g/L, pH value is 5.2 ~ 5.4, and carry out light culture 2 ~ 3 days, take out root of Dahurain angelica seed;
(3) sow: by the ditch opening 3 ~ 5 centimetres wide apart from both sides ginkgo 15 ~ 25 centimeters on the furrow face behind step (1) whole ground, step (2) gained root of Dahurain angelica seed is sown in ditch with drilling method, and earthing 1 centimetre, every mu by kind 1 ~ 1.5 kilogram, evenly water, keep ground moistening, within 10 ~ 20 days, namely emerge after broadcasting;
(4) field management: until root of Dahurain angelica seedling high to 6 centimetres time, weak seedling and overstocked seedling are pulled out; Then use the water-soluble fertilizer of humus by 10kg/ mu, composite fertilizer, after 40 days, is used again in interval, alternately imposes the water-soluble fertilizer of humus and composite fertilizer afterwards at interval of 20 ~ 30 days, stops fertilising when root of Dahurain angelica seedling grows to high 13 ~ 16 centimetres; Now, will remove unnecessary, excessive by spacing in the rows 16 centimetres or cross weak plant, staying strong sprout;
(5) gather: do protection management to field, can gather then by mid or late September for the spring sowing root of Dahurain angelica, and gather when autumn sowing root of Dahurain angelica Second Year late August blade presents withered state, root of Dahurain angelica base of leaf prescinds as compost, is then dug out by root, and drying is ventilated.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the composite fertilizer of described step (1), (4) is commercial potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the active ingredient of the composite fertilizer of described step (1), (4) is N:P 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7.
4. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the medicine fertilizer of described step (1) is made up of the component of following masses part: astragalus root dregs 300 ~ 400 parts, bagasse 300 ~ 350 parts, 70 ~ 80 parts, rice bran, 10 ~ 20 parts, urea.
5. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the active ingredient containing the water-soluble fertilizer of humus of described step (4) is N:P 2o 5: K 2o=22:6:7.
6. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the protection management of described step (5) is cut weeds in time, prevents and treats damage by disease and insect, and drought resisting of watering dry season, rainy season dredge ditch and drain the water away.
7. method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described to carry out control to damage by disease and insect be observe at any time, prevent and treat when finding the plant of damage by disease and insect: spot blight first removes invalid tissue, concentrate and burn, then spray with bordeaux mixture or with content 65% zineb wettable powder 400 ~ 500 times of liquid; The content 90% chlorophos 800 times of liquid sprayings of yellow swallowtail butterfly, every 5 ~ 7 days 1 time, continuous 3 times, or spray with bacillus thruingensis 500 times of liquid; Two spotted spider mite is sprayed 0.2 ~ 0.3 Baume degrees lime sulfur or sprays with content 25% galecron aqua 500 ~ 1000 times of liquid, once in a week, continuously for several times.
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CN106358736A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-01 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed codonopsis pilosula planting method
CN106358737A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-01 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of aloes
CN106416698A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of ophiopogon japonicus
CN106416700A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of semen plantaginis
CN106472067A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-08 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae
CN106472066A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-08 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of the Radix Angelicae Dahuricae
CN106508547A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A mixed planting method for radishes
CN106508548A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of honeysuckles
CN106538175A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of the coptis
CN106538170A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Adenophorae (Radix Glehniae)
CN106538169A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of coltsfoot
CN106538323A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of burdock
CN106538171A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Isatidis
CN106550744A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-05 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Bupleuri
CN106561373A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-19 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of auricledleaf swallowwort
CN106561197A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-19 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed plantation method of phymatopsis griffithiana (hook.) J. Sm.
CN110574654A (en) * 2019-10-11 2019-12-17 四川旅游学院 method for interplanting medicinal fruits of under-forest original ecological planted angelica dahurica

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CN106258447A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-01-04 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Folium Artemisiae Argyi
CN106358736A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-01 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed codonopsis pilosula planting method
CN106358737A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-01 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of aloes
CN106416698A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of ophiopogon japonicus
CN106416700A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of semen plantaginis
CN106472067A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-08 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae
CN106472066A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-08 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of the Radix Angelicae Dahuricae
CN106508547A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A mixed planting method for radishes
CN106508548A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-22 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of honeysuckles
CN106538175A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of the coptis
CN106538170A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Adenophorae (Radix Glehniae)
CN106538169A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of coltsfoot
CN106538323A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of burdock
CN106538171A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-03-29 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Isatidis
CN106550744A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-05 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 A kind of mixed planting method of Radix Bupleuri
CN106561373A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-19 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed planting method of auricledleaf swallowwort
CN106561197A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-19 佛山市茂源环保科技开发有限公司 Mixed plantation method of phymatopsis griffithiana (hook.) J. Sm.
CN110574654A (en) * 2019-10-11 2019-12-17 四川旅游学院 method for interplanting medicinal fruits of under-forest original ecological planted angelica dahurica

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