CN105409527A - Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum - Google Patents

Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105409527A
CN105409527A CN201510838854.1A CN201510838854A CN105409527A CN 105409527 A CN105409527 A CN 105409527A CN 201510838854 A CN201510838854 A CN 201510838854A CN 105409527 A CN105409527 A CN 105409527A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
matrix
blue eye
cuttage
chrysanthemum
plastic sack
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510838854.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YINGSHANG COUNTY YONGXIANG UPLAND CROPS INSTITUTE
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YINGSHANG COUNTY YONGXIANG UPLAND CROPS INSTITUTE
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Application filed by YINGSHANG COUNTY YONGXIANG UPLAND CROPS INSTITUTE filed Critical YINGSHANG COUNTY YONGXIANG UPLAND CROPS INSTITUTE
Priority to CN201510838854.1A priority Critical patent/CN105409527A/en
Publication of CN105409527A publication Critical patent/CN105409527A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum. The method comprises the following specific steps: (1) carrying out seedling selecting and ring-barking; (2) coating ring-barked parts with a solution so as to promote rooting; (3) carrying out bagging and matrix filling on the ring-barked parts; (4) separating cuttings, and carrying out raising and breeding; (5) after cuttage, controlling temperature and light; and (6) after cuttage development, carrying out matrix moisture content and nutrient control, and carrying out fertilizer application. The method disclosed by the invention is simple and practical and is high in operability, and temperature, light and humidity for growth are regulated and controlled to be reasonable; and a matrix is adopted to culture roots, so that the rooting speed is high, the survival rate of cuttage is high, the growth of plants is robust, and the phenomenon of excessive growth do not occur.

Description

A kind of blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to seedling growth technical field, be specifically related to a kind of blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system.
Background technology
Blue eye chrysanthemum (Osteospermum) is a genus under composite family Calenduleae.Blue eye chrysanthemum was originally belong to different fruit Chrysanthemum, therefrom split off thereafter, in the middle of only have annual species still in this belongs to, perennial, include in blue eye Chrysanthemum.Blue eye Chrysanthemum is the close relative of drupe Chrysanthemum.The formal name used at school of blue eye chrysanthemum is from Greek " bone " and Latin " seed ".Have another name called dimorphotheca, dimorphotheca eckloni, cape daisy and blue eye daisy etc.Having an appointment under blue eye Chrysanthemum 50 species, is all originate in Africa, and wherein 35 in Southern Africa and Arab.They are half-hardy plants, so wild blue eye chrysanthemum can not resist winter.
Blue eye chrysanthemum can be divided into cold-resistant type and half cold-resistant type according to cold resistance.Half cold-resistant type kind is minimum can be resistance to-2 DEG C, can not open field soil, can resistance to light frost, does one biennial at cold district cultivation.Cold-resistant type product plant sprawl growth, blooms once for 1 year.
Summary of the invention
Technical scheme provided by the invention is a kind of blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system.
A kind of blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system, concrete steps comprise as follows:
in annual September, on the parent of blue eye chrysanthemum on dry branch stem, on the blue eye chrysanthemum parent major branch stem selecting 15-20cm long, band girdle 1-1.5cm length, broken skin is to xylem;
and at band girdle broken skin place coating ABT root-inducing powder 260 times of aqueous solution, can strengthen, regulate and control the activity of blue eye chrysanthemum endogenous hormones and content and important enzyme, promote organism promote coagulate tube, root induction, regulates blue eye chrysanthemum metabolism degree;
at 1cm place, band girdle broken skin bottom, colligation plastic sack, plastic sack specification, long 6cm, diameter 3cm, loads matrix in plastic sack, upper end closure, and leaves venthole and add wet hole;
in the first tenday period of a month in November, cut off by blue eye chrysanthemum branch from plastic sack bottom, cuttage is drenched in matrix in seedling-cultivating tray, and seedling-cultivating tray specification is 200 holes or 128 holes, and matrix is clean, and pH value controls at 6.2-6.5;
after cuttage, before germination, environmental temperature remains on 20-25 DEG C, and illuminance is at 900-1000lux, and after germinateing, every day lowers the temperature 2 DEG C, reduces the temperature to 15-18 DEG C gradually, strengthens illumination gradually to 25000-30000lux;
after germination is neat, it is good for keeping matrix moisture content partially dry at 30-35%, adds forced ventilation and light application time, and later stage Medium Culture nutrient adopts and sprays the 50ppm solution that N P and K is 20-10-20, controls using of ammonium nitrogenous fertilizer, prevents blue eye chrysanthemum from being excessive growth situation.
Further, described matrix is silt 5 parts, decomposed manure 2 parts, 0.5 part, the sawdust that becomes thoroughly decomposed, vermiculite 0.2 part are formulated.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: method simple practical, workable, adjusting and controlling growth is reasonable in temperature, illumination, humidity, adopt parent to cultivate root system, take root fast, cuttage survival rate is high, blue eye chrysanthemum plant strain growth is healthy and strong, and diseases and insect pests resistance is strong, comprehensive strong stress resistance, cold resistance can reach-5 DEG C, does not affect normal growth, and management is simple, employing sprays foliage fertilizer, and growing way is controlled, there will not be excessive growth phenomenon, layout flower bed, artificial hillock, large area wooden land can be planted in ground, also can be potted plant as ornamental plant.
Embodiment
A kind of blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system, concrete steps comprise as follows:
in annual September, on the parent of blue eye chrysanthemum on dry branch stem, on the blue eye chrysanthemum parent major branch stem selecting 15-20cm long, band girdle 1-1.5cm length, broken skin is to xylem;
and at band girdle broken skin place coating ABT root-inducing powder 260 times of aqueous solution, can strengthen, regulate and control the activity of blue eye chrysanthemum endogenous hormones and content and important enzyme, promote organism promote coagulate tube, root induction, regulates blue eye chrysanthemum metabolism degree;
at 1cm place, band girdle broken skin bottom, colligation plastic sack, plastic sack specification, long 6cm, diameter 3cm, loads matrix in plastic sack, upper end closure, and leaves venthole and add wet hole;
in the first tenday period of a month in November, cut off by blue eye chrysanthemum branch from plastic sack bottom, cuttage is drenched in matrix in seedling-cultivating tray, and seedling-cultivating tray specification is 200 holes or 128 holes, and matrix is clean, and pH value controls at 6.2-6.5;
after cuttage, before germination, environmental temperature remains on 20-25 DEG C, and illuminance is at 900-1000lux, and after germinateing, every day lowers the temperature 2 DEG C, reduces the temperature to 15-18 DEG C gradually, strengthens illumination gradually to 25000-30000lux;
after germination is neat, it is good for keeping matrix moisture content partially dry at 30-35%, adds forced ventilation and light application time, and later stage Medium Culture nutrient adopts and sprays the 50ppm solution that N P and K is 20-10-20, controls using of ammonium nitrogenous fertilizer, prevents blue eye chrysanthemum from being excessive growth situation.
Further, described matrix is silt 5 parts, decomposed manure 2 parts, 0.5 part, the sawdust that becomes thoroughly decomposed, vermiculite 0.2 part are formulated.

Claims (2)

1. a blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system, it is characterized in that, concrete steps comprise as follows:
in annual September, on the parent of blue eye chrysanthemum on dry branch stem, on the blue eye chrysanthemum parent major branch stem selecting 15-20cm long, band girdle 1-1.5cm length, broken skin is to xylem;
and at band girdle broken skin place coating ABT root-inducing powder 260 times of aqueous solution;
at 1cm place, band girdle broken skin bottom, colligation plastic sack, plastic sack specification, long 6cm, diameter 3cm, loads matrix in plastic sack, upper end closure, and leaves venthole and add wet hole;
in the first tenday period of a month in November, cut off by blue eye chrysanthemum branch from plastic sack bottom, cuttage is drenched in matrix in seedling-cultivating tray, and seedling-cultivating tray specification is 200 holes or 128 holes, and matrix is clean, and pH value controls at 6.2-6.5;
after cuttage, before germination, environmental temperature remains on 20-25 DEG C, and illuminance is at 900-1000lux, and after germinateing, every day lowers the temperature 2 DEG C, reduces the temperature to 15-18 DEG C gradually, strengthens illumination gradually to 25000-30000lux;
after germination is neat, it is good for keeping matrix moisture content partially dry at 30-35%, adds forced ventilation and light application time, and later stage Medium Culture nutrient adopts and sprays the 50ppm solution that N P and K is 20-10-20.
2. one according to claim 1 blue eye chrysanthemum cultivation mating system, is characterized in that, described matrix is silt 5 parts, decomposed manure 2 parts, 0.5 part, the sawdust that becomes thoroughly decomposed, vermiculite 0.2 part be formulated.
CN201510838854.1A 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum Pending CN105409527A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510838854.1A CN105409527A (en) 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510838854.1A CN105409527A (en) 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105409527A true CN105409527A (en) 2016-03-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510838854.1A Pending CN105409527A (en) 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Cultivating and breeding method for Osteospermum

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105409527A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102144486A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-08-10 苏州大学 High-efficiency rapid seedling breeding method of gazania
CN102754560A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-10-31 安徽菊泰滁菊草本科技有限公司 Method for high-quality chuzhou chrysanthemum hole tray cuttage seedling culture
CN103891492A (en) * 2012-12-29 2014-07-02 姜磊 Cultivation method for sole-head chrysanthemum
CN103975728A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-13 长沙隆平有机农业有限公司 Organic culture method for drinkable chrysanthemum flowers
CN104472190A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-01 泉州市泉美生物科技有限公司 High-pressure breeding seedling method for Ficumsicrocarpa

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102144486A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-08-10 苏州大学 High-efficiency rapid seedling breeding method of gazania
CN102754560A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-10-31 安徽菊泰滁菊草本科技有限公司 Method for high-quality chuzhou chrysanthemum hole tray cuttage seedling culture
CN103891492A (en) * 2012-12-29 2014-07-02 姜磊 Cultivation method for sole-head chrysanthemum
CN103975728A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-13 长沙隆平有机农业有限公司 Organic culture method for drinkable chrysanthemum flowers
CN104472190A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-01 泉州市泉美生物科技有限公司 High-pressure breeding seedling method for Ficumsicrocarpa

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Application publication date: 20160323