CN105406664A - Motor rotor automatic assembling machine - Google Patents

Motor rotor automatic assembling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105406664A
CN105406664A CN201511018692.3A CN201511018692A CN105406664A CN 105406664 A CN105406664 A CN 105406664A CN 201511018692 A CN201511018692 A CN 201511018692A CN 105406664 A CN105406664 A CN 105406664A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
insulating trip
iron core
feeding
rotating disk
Prior art date
Application number
CN201511018692.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105406664B (en
Inventor
邹明胜
孙金锁
陈灿华
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东莞市沃德精密机械有限公司
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Application filed by 东莞市沃德精密机械有限公司 filed Critical 东莞市沃德精密机械有限公司
Priority to CN201511018692.3A priority Critical patent/CN105406664B/en
Publication of CN105406664A publication Critical patent/CN105406664A/en
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Publication of CN105406664B publication Critical patent/CN105406664B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/02Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines of stator or rotor bodies
    • H02K15/03Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines of stator or rotor bodies having permanent magnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table

Abstract

The invention discloses a motor rotor automatic assembling machine including an iron core feeding device, a main shaft feeding device, a press-fit device, an insulating sheet feeding device, a turning device, a dispensing device, a commutator feeding device, a rotary disc conveyer, and a discharging device. The rotary disc conveyer includes a first rotating disc and a second rotating disc, the iron core feeding device, the main shaft feeding device, the press-fit device, and the insulating sheet feeding device are cooperated on the first rotating disc to assemble an iron core, a main shaft, and an insulation sheet into a half-finished rotor, the turning device conveys the half-finished rotor to the second rotating disc, the insulating sheet feeding device, the dispensing device, the commutator feeding device, and the press-fit device are cooperated on the second rotating disc to assemble the half-finished rotor, a lower insulation sheet, and a commutator into a finished rotor, and the discharging device takes the finished rotor off the second rotating disc and rotates for discharging. The whole machine is compact and reasonable in structure, high in efficiency, low in cost, and high in automation degree.

Description

Rotor automatic assembling

Technical field

The present invention relates to the assembling field of rotor, particularly relate to a kind of rotor automatic assembling.

Background technology

World Economics is at development, people's living standard is improving constantly, motor is as indispensable basic electronic product, the labor-intensive product of its existing low, middle-grade, Low investment, have again and adopt advanced manufacturing technology, new electronic technology and new material technology to apply the technology-intensive product with high investment combined, and incorporated the globalization of production and selling.The demand of motor is in continuous growth.Motor with high content of technology, as accurate brushless motor, high-speed synchronous motor, high accuracy stepping motor, sheet winding brushless motor, high performance servomotor and new principle new construction ultrasonic motor not yet form commercialization or mass production capabilities at present.

At present, the motor assembling of domestic this respect also stays in and adds that easy device or Semi-automatic device have been come by operating personnel is manual free-hand, efficiency is low and processing assembling procedure is many, complex process is loaded down with trivial details, needs a large amount of skilled operating personnels to come, adds the operation cost of enterprise.And manual operations makes the assembling quality of product and accuracy to ensure.And existing Semi-automatic device generally adopts straight line to walk material to complete Product Assembly and adopt manipulator to complete assembling action, make production line longer, whole equipment takes up space comparatively greatly and cost is higher.

Therefore, need that a kind of compact conformation is reasonable, efficiency is high, cost is low badly and the rotor automatic assembling that automaticity is high to overcome the problems referred to above.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide that a kind of compact conformation is reasonable, efficiency is high, cost is low and the rotor automatic assembling that automaticity is high.

To achieve these goals, the invention discloses a kind of rotor automatic assembling, be suitable for and assemble rotor, described rotor automatic assembling comprises the iron core feeding device be located on workbench, main shaft feeding device, press fit device, insulating trip feeding device, turning device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device, rotating disk conveyer and drawing mechanism; Described rotating disk conveyer comprises the first rotating disk and the second rotating disk that are arranged side by side, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device are arranged successively along the circumference of described first rotating disk, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device under cooperatively interacting on described first rotating disk by iron core, main shaft and on insulating trip assemble a semi-finished product rotor; Described turning device is between described first rotating disk and described second rotating disk, and described turning device is transferred on described second rotating disk after the semi-finished product rotor on described first rotating disk is rotated the first angle again; Described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device, press fit device and drawing mechanism are arranged successively along the circumference of described second rotating disk, semi-finished product rotor, lower insulating trip and commutator are assembled a finished product rotor by described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device and press fit device under cooperatively interacting on described second rotating disk, and described finished product rotor takes off and discharging again after rotating the second angle from described second rotating disk by described drawing mechanism.

Preferably, described iron core is placed on described first rotating disk by described iron core feeding device, described main shaft is inserted in the centre bore of described iron core by described main shaft feeding device, the described press fit device being positioned at described first rotating disk place press-fits described main shaft and described iron core, described upper insulating trip is sheathed on described main shaft by the described insulating trip feeding device being positioned at described first rotating disk place, this insulating trip feeding device also makes the upper surface of described upper insulating trip and described iron core abut against, described lower insulating trip is sheathed on described main shaft by the described insulating trip feeding device being positioned at described second rotating disk place, this the second insulation feeding device also makes the lower surface of described lower insulating trip and described iron core abut against, described point glue equipment carries out a glue to described main shaft, described commutator is sheathed on described main shaft by described commutator feeding device, and described commutator feeding device also makes described commutator and described lower insulating trip abut against, the described press fit device being positioned at described second rotating disk place press-fits described main shaft and described commutator.

Preferably, described rotating disk conveyer also comprises positioner, described positioner is located on described first rotating disk and the second rotating disk respectively, described positioner comprises pilot pin and positioning seat, described positioning seat is installed on described first rotating disk and the second rotating disk, and described positioning seat has positioning and guiding portion, and described pilot pin is installed on described positioning seat, the quantity of described pilot pin is 3, and 3 described pilot pins are equal angular layout on described positioning seat; During assembling, the groove that described pilot pin inserts the circumference of described iron core is interior to locate described iron core, described positioning and guiding portion guides and limits the direction of insertion of described iron core, described pilot pin also limits the installation direction of described upper insulating trip and lower insulating trip, and described pilot pin is coordinating of gap with described iron core, upper insulating trip and lower insulating trip respectively.

Preferably, the angular range between described positioning and guiding portion and the central shaft of described positioning seat is 30 ° to 45 °; Described pilot pin is the little cylindrical bar in large centre, two, and the end of described pilot pin is conical, and the fit clearance of described pilot pin and described iron core is 0.01mm, and the fit clearance of described pilot pin and described insulating trip is 0.02mm.

Preferably, described iron core feeding device comprises iron core deflector chute, iron core steering mechanism and iron core conveyer mechanism, described iron core steering mechanism is connected with the output of described iron core deflector chute, described iron core conveyer mechanism is positioned at the top of described iron core steering mechanism, the input of described iron core deflector chute and output are low being obliquely installed after front height, the iron core put in level be positioned on this iron core deflector chute is sent to place of described iron core steering mechanism by described iron core deflector chute one by one, described iron core steering mechanism fixes and drives described iron core half-twist, the iron core of half-twist is vertical display, described iron core conveyer mechanism captures the iron core of vertical display and is transferred to by this iron core on the positioner on described first rotating disk.

Preferably, described main shaft feeding device comprises main shaft hopper, main shaft tripper and main shaft conveyer mechanism, described main shaft tripper is connected with described main shaft hopper, described main shaft conveyer mechanism and described main shaft tripper are arranged in opposite directions, the major axis horizontal be positioned in this main shaft hopper is sent to described main shaft tripper place by described main shaft hopper, described main shaft is pushed to described main shaft conveyer mechanism place by described main shaft tripper one by one, described main shaft half-twist makes main shaft described in this along vertical display by described main shaft conveyer mechanism, the main shaft of vertical display is also transferred in the centre bore of the iron core on described positioner by described main shaft conveyer mechanism.

Preferably, described main shaft conveyer mechanism comprises sleeve, clamping part, clamping driver and rotating driver, described clamping part is used for gripping described sleeve, described clamping part is connected with described clamping driver, described clamping part is also connected with described rotating driver, the sidewall of described sleeve offers a through hole, the side-walls that described sleeve is relative with described through hole is provided with permanent magnet; When described major axis horizontal is pushed in described sleeve by described main shaft tripper, the output shaft of described clamping driver passes described through hole and compresses described main shaft, described permanent magnet adsorbs described main shaft, described rotating driver orders about described sleeve rotating 90 °, drives the main shaft be anchored in described sleeve to insert vertically in the centre bore of described iron core by the described sleeve rotated.

Preferably, described press fit device comprise support and be oppositely arranged press-fit supporting seat and pressurized cylinder, describedly press-fit supporting seat and be installed on the bottom surface of described support, and described in press-fit the below that supporting seat is positioned at described first rotating disk or the second rotating disk, described pressurized cylinder is installed on the end face of described support, and described pressurized cylinder is positioned at the top of described first rotating disk or the second rotating disk, when the iron core on positioner described in described first rotating disk or the second driven by rotary disc and main shaft or commutator and main shaft move to described pressurized cylinder and described press-fit between supporting seat time, described pressurized cylinder and described press-fit supporting seat cooperatively interact lower to described main shaft and iron core or press-fit described commutator and main shaft.

Preferably, described insulating trip feeding device comprises insulating trip feeding machanism, insulating trip steering mechanism and insulating trip conveyer mechanism, described insulating trip steering mechanism is positioned at the front side of described insulating trip feeding machanism, described insulating trip conveyer mechanism is positioned at the front side of described insulating trip steering mechanism, upper insulating trip or lower insulating trip are vertically carried and are separated one by one by described insulating trip feeding machanism, described insulating trip steering mechanism is by the upper insulating trip on the output of described insulating trip feeding machanism or the fixing also half-twist of lower insulating trip, described insulating trip conveyer mechanism linearly captures upper insulating trip in described insulating trip steering mechanism or lower insulating trip, and captured upper insulating trip or lower insulating trip are also sheathed on described main shaft by described insulating trip conveyer mechanism.

Preferably, described turning device comprises semi-finished product rotor fetching device, semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism and semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device is connected with the output of described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism is connected with the output of described semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device captures described semi-finished product rotor from described first rotating disk, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device drives described semi-finished product rotor to overturn 180 ° under the driving of described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device moves left and right under the ordering about of described semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, by the described semi-finished product rotor fetching device moved left and right, described semi-finished product rotor is seated on the positioner on described second rotating disk from described first rotating disk.

Compared with prior art, the described rotating disk conveyer of rotor automatic assembling of the present invention comprises the first rotating disk and the second rotating disk that are arranged side by side, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device are arranged successively along the circumference of described first rotating disk, described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device, press fit device and drawing mechanism are arranged successively along the circumference of described second rotating disk, described turning device is between described first rotating disk and described second rotating disk, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device under cooperatively interacting on described first rotating disk by iron core, main shaft and upper insulating trip assemble a semi-finished product rotor, described turning device is transferred on described second rotating disk after the semi-finished product rotor on described first rotating disk is rotated the first angle again, semi-finished product rotor, lower insulating trip and commutator are assembled a finished product rotor by described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device and press fit device under cooperatively interacting on described second rotating disk.Complete machine structure is simple and compact, and occupation of land space is less and rationally, automaticity is high and efficiency is high.The setting of two rotating disk, makes each component layouts concentrate, convenient operation and the arrangement of product line.Without the need to arranging multiple work position, decreasing the arrangement of personnel, simplifying technique, effectively reducing cost.And two turntable structure decomposes each manufacturing procedure, often walk action reliably single, the time balances, the number of times of workpiece machinery location is also made to reduce, decrease the repeatedly damage of machinery location to workpiece to greatest extent, each parts adopt modularized design, are convenient to adjustment and safeguard.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the planar structure cutaway view of rotor of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the perspective view of rotor automatic assembling of the present invention

Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of rotor automatic assembling of the present invention

Fig. 4 is the perspective view of positioner of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the cutaway view along A-A direction in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the perspective view of an angle of iron core feeding device of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the perspective view of another angle of iron core feeding device of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the perspective view of main shaft feeding device of the present invention.

Fig. 9 is the planar structure schematic diagram of main shaft conveyer mechanism of the present invention

Along the cutaway view in B-B direction in Figure 10 Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is the perspective view of press fit device of the present invention.

Figure 12 is the perspective view of insulating trip feeding device of the present invention.

Figure 13 is the perspective view of turning device of the present invention.

Figure 14 is the perspective view of point glue equipment of the present invention.

Figure 15 is the perspective view of commutator feeding device of the present invention.

Figure 16 is the perspective view of drawing mechanism of the present invention.

Embodiment

By describing technology contents of the present invention, structural feature in detail, realized object and effect, accompanying drawing is coordinated to be explained in detail below in conjunction with execution mode.

Refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 16, rotor automatic assembling 100 of the present invention is suitable to be electrically connected with controller (not shown), rotor automatic assembling 100 of the present invention is controlled by controller, improve the automaticity of rotor automatic assembling 100 of the present invention further, wherein, controller is existing controller, and its structure and control principle are the known of this area, therefore are no longer described in detail it at this.

Refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 16, rotor automatic assembling 100 disclosed by the invention is suitable for be assembled rotor 200, and rotor 200 comprises iron core 201, main shaft 202, upper insulating trip 203, lower insulating trip 204 and commutator 205.Rotor automatic assembling 100 disclosed by the invention comprises the iron core feeding device 10 be located on workbench, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30, insulating trip feeding device 40, turning device 50, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70, rotating disk conveyer 80 and drawing mechanism 90.Rotating disk conveyer 80 comprises the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 be arranged side by side.Press fit device 30 is two with the quantity of insulating trip feeding device 40, and two press fit devices 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40 corresponding first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 are arranged respectively.Wherein, iron core feeding device 10, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40 are arranged successively along the circumference of the first rotating disk 81, iron core feeding device 10, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40 under cooperatively interacting on the first rotating disk 81 by iron core 201, main shaft 202 and on insulating trip 203 assemble a semi-finished product rotor 200a.Turning device 50 is between the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82, and turning device 50 is transferred on the second rotating disk 82 after the semi-finished product rotor 200a on first rotating disk 81 is rotated the first angle again.Insulating trip feeding device 40, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70, press fit device 30 and drawing mechanism 90 are arranged successively along the circumference of the second rotating disk 82, and semi-finished product rotor 200a, lower insulating trip 204 and commutator 205 are assembled a finished product rotor 200 by insulating trip feeding device 40, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70 and press fit device 30 under cooperatively interacting on the second rotating disk 82.Finished product rotor 200 takes off and discharging again after rotating the second angle from the second rotating disk 82 by drawing mechanism 90.Particularly, the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 are all rotated in a clockwise direction.The first angle that semi-finished product rotor 200a on first rotating disk 81 rotates by turning device 50 is 180 °, and finished product rotor 200 to take off and the second angle rotated is 90 ° from the second rotating disk 82 by drawing mechanism 90.

Wherein, iron core 201 is placed on the first rotating disk 81 by iron core feeding device 10, and main shaft 202 is inserted in the centre bore of iron core 201 by main shaft feeding device 20, to realize the pre-assembled of main shaft 202 and iron core 201.The press fit device 30 pairs of main shafts 202 and the iron core 201 that are positioned at the first rotating disk 81 place press-fit.Upper insulating trip 203 is sheathed on main shaft 202 by the insulating trip feeding device 40 being positioned at the first rotating disk 81 place, and this insulating trip feeding device 40 also makes insulating trip 203 abut against with the upper surface of iron core 201.Lower insulating trip 204 is sheathed on main shaft 202 by the insulating trip feeding device 40 being positioned at described second rotating disk 82 place, and this insulating trip feeding device 40 also makes lower insulating trip 204 abut against with the lower surface of iron core 201.Point glue equipment 60 pairs of main shafts 202 carry out a glue, and commutator 205 is sheathed on main shaft 202 by commutator feeding device 70, and commutator feeding device 70 also makes commutator 202 and lower insulating trip 204 abut against.The press fit device 30 pairs of main shafts 202 and the commutator 205 that are positioned at the second rotating disk 82 place press-fit.More specifically:

Please refer to Fig. 3 to Fig. 5, rotating disk conveyer 80 also comprises positioner 83, and positioner 83 is located on the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 respectively, and positioner 83 comprises pilot pin 831 and positioning seat 832.Positioning seat 832 is installed on the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82, and positioning seat 832 has positioning and guiding portion 832a.Pilot pin 831 is installed on positioning seat 832, and the quantity of pilot pin 831 is 3, and 3 pilot pins are equal angular layout on positioning seat 832, drive pilot pin 831 synchronous rotary when positioning seat 832 rotates.During assembling, locate iron core 201 in the groove that pilot pin 831 inserts the circumference of iron core 201, by three-point fix, accurate positioning and firm.Positioning and guiding portion 832a guides and limits the direction of insertion of iron core 201, and pilot pin 831 also limits the installation direction of insulating trip 203 and lower insulating trip 204, and pilot pin 831 respectively with iron core 201, upper insulating trip 203 and lower insulating trip 204 coordinating in gap.

Particularly, in order to realize location, precision periphery and the automatic direction of insertion guiding iron core 201, positioning and guiding portion 832a is horn-like, forms angle theta between itself and the central shaft of positioning seat 832, and the scope of angle theta is 30 ° to 45 °.Pilot pin 831 is the little cylindrical bar in large centre, two, and the end 831a of pilot pin 831 is conical, and end 831a is for locating iron core 201, upper insulating trip 203 and lower insulating trip 204; The mid portion 831b of pilot pin 831 relatively carefully mainly plays anti-jamming effect, contacts too tight or too loose both when inserting iron core 201 to avoid pilot pin 831.Wherein, pilot pin 831 is 0.01mm with the fit clearance of iron core 201, the fit clearance 0.02mm of pilot pin 831 and upper insulating trip 203 and lower insulating trip 204.

Particularly, positioner 83 is multiple, and multiple positioner 83 is distributed in the circumference of the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 respectively.More preferably, the circumference of the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 is respectively equipped with 8 positioners 83.

Refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, iron core feeding device 10 comprises iron core deflector chute 11, iron core steering mechanism 12 and iron core conveyer mechanism 13, iron core steering mechanism 12 is connected with the output of iron core deflector chute 11, iron core conveyer mechanism 13 is positioned at the top of iron core steering mechanism 12, iron core deflector chute 11 is the district that prestores of iron core 201, and it mainly plays lasting Automatic-feeding.The input 11a of iron core deflector chute 11 and output 11b is the setting of inclination low after front height, iron core deflector chute 11 one by one by iron core 201 horizontal transmission that is positioned on this iron core deflector chute 11 to place of iron core steering mechanism 12.Iron core steering mechanism 12 fixes and drives iron core 201 half-twist, the iron core 201 of half-twist is in vertical display, and iron core conveyer mechanism 13 captures the iron core 201 of vertical display from iron core steering mechanism 12 and is transferred on the positioner 83 on the first rotating disk 81 by this iron core 201.

Particularly, iron core steering mechanism 12 comprises the locating part 121 and revolving part 122 that are set in distance, locating part 121 is just to the output 11b of iron core deflector chute 11, and locating part 121 has the draw-in groove 1211 matched with the profile of iron core 201, to limit the rolling of iron core 201.Revolving part 122 and locating part 121 cooperatively interact with secured core 201, and iron core 201 half-twist also makes this iron core 201 be put by level to transfer vertical display to by revolving part 122.Namely, before rotating, revolving part 122 and locating part 121 are level position relationship in opposite directions; After rotation, revolving part 122 and locating part 121 are orthogonal position relationship, and postrotational revolving part 122 is positioned at the below of locating part 121.

Refer to Fig. 8 to Figure 10, main shaft feeding device 20 comprises main shaft hopper 21, main shaft tripper 22 and main shaft conveyer mechanism 23, and main shaft tripper 22 is connected with main shaft hopper 21, and main shaft conveyer mechanism 23 and main shaft tripper 22 are arranged in opposite directions.Main shaft hopper 21 by main shaft 202 horizontal transmission that is positioned in this main shaft hopper 21 to main shaft tripper 22 place, main shaft 202 is pushed to main shaft conveyer mechanism 23 place by main shaft tripper 22 one by one, main shaft 202 half-twist makes this main shaft 202 along vertical display by main shaft conveyer mechanism 23, and the main shaft 202 of vertical display is also transferred in the centre bore of the iron core 201 on positioner 83 by main shaft conveyer mechanism 23.More preferably, main shaft hopper 21 is also in the setting of tilting, so that lasting Automatic-feeding.

Particularly, main shaft conveyer mechanism 23 comprises sleeve 231, clamping part 232, clamping driver 233 and rotating driver 234, and clamping part 232 is for gripping sleeve 231.Clamping part 232 is connected with clamping driver 233, and clamping part 232 is also connected with rotating driver 233.The sidewall of sleeve 231 offers a through hole 2311, the side-walls that sleeve 231 is relative with this through hole 2311 is provided with permanent magnet 2312.Particularly, permanent magnet 2312 is multiple, and multiple permanent magnet 2312 is arranged along the longitudinal direction of sleeve 231.When main shaft 202 level is pushed in sleeve 231 by main shaft tripper 22, the output shaft of clamping driver 233 passes through hole 2311 and compresses main shaft 202, the permanent magnet 2312 be simultaneously placed in sleeve 231 respective side walls adsorbs this main shaft 202, thus main shaft 202 is anchored in sleeve 231.Rotating driver 234 orders about sleeve 231 half-twist, drives the main shaft 202 be anchored in sleeve 231 to be inserted into vertically in the centre bore of iron core 201 by the sleeve 231 rotated.

Refer to Figure 11, press fit device 30 comprise support 31 and be oppositely arranged press-fit supporting seat 32 and pressurized cylinder 33, press-fiting supporting seat 32 is installed on the bottom surface of support 31, and press-fit the below that supporting seat 32 is positioned at the first rotating disk 81 or the second rotating disk 82, pressurized cylinder 33 is installed on the end face of support 31, and pressurized cylinder 33 is positioned at the top of the first rotating disk 81 or the second rotating disk 82.When the first rotating disk 81 or the second rotating disk 82 move to pressurized cylinder 33 with both both the iron core 201 on dynamic positioning system 83 and main shaft 202 or commutator 205 and main shaft 202 and press-fit between supporting seat 32, pressurized cylinder 33 with press-fit supporting seat 32 cooperatively interacting and to press-fit to both main shaft 202 and iron core 201 or to both commutator 205 and main shaft 202 down.Namely the press fit device 30 being located at the first rotating disk 81 place, for press-fiting preassembled main shaft 202 and iron core 201, is located at the press fit device 30 at the second rotating disk 82 place for press-fiting preassembled commutator 205 and main shaft 202.More preferably, pressurized cylinder 33 is Special gas-liquid pressurized cylinder.

Refer to Figure 12, be located at the insulating trip feeding device 40 at the first rotating disk 81 place and the second rotating disk 82 place, respectively upper insulating trip 203 and lower insulating trip 204 be assemblied on main shaft 202.Insulating trip feeding device 40 comprises insulating trip feeding machanism 41, insulating trip steering mechanism 42 and insulating trip conveyer mechanism 43, insulating trip steering mechanism 42 is positioned at the front side of insulating trip feeding machanism 41, and the steering wheel 421 of insulating trip steering mechanism 42 is just to the output of insulating trip feeding machanism 41, insulating trip conveyer mechanism 43 is positioned at the front side of insulating trip steering mechanism 42.Insulating trip feeding machanism 41 will isolated upper insulating trip 203 or lower insulating trip 204 vertically be carried and be separated one by one from insulating trip shakes charging tray 411, the upper insulating trip 203 be positioned on insulating trip feeding machanism 41 output or lower insulating trip 204 are fixed and half-twist by insulating trip steering mechanism 42, insulating trip conveyer mechanism 43 linearly captures upper insulating trip 203 in insulating trip steering mechanism 42 or lower insulating trip 204, and the upper insulating trip 203 captured or lower insulating trip 204 are also sheathed on main shaft 202 by insulating trip conveyer mechanism 43.

Particularly, the output of insulating trip feeding machanism 41 is provided with the baffle plate 412 preventing insulating trip 203 or lower insulating trip 204 from dropping, and baffle plate 412 vertically does rectilinear motion under the driving of stop cylinder 413.The steering wheel 421 of insulating trip steering mechanism 42 drives insulating trip 203 or lower insulating trip 204 to rotate under the driving of coupled rotation cylinder 422, steering wheel 421 does rectilinear motion to fix insulating trip 203 or lower insulating trip 204 under the driving of coupled promotion cylinder 423, and reserves activity space for follow-up rotary motion.

Refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Figure 13, turning device 50 comprises semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51, semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism 52 and semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism 53, semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51 is connected with the output of semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism 52, and semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism 52 is connected with the output of semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism 53.Semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51 captures semi-finished product rotor 200a from the first rotating disk 81, semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51 drives this semi-finished product rotor 200a to overturn 180 ° under the driving of semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism 52, semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51 moves left and right and moves up and down under the ordering about of semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism 53, is seated on the positioner 83 on the second rotating disk 82 by semi-finished product rotor 200a by the semi-finished product rotor fetching device 51 of movement from the first rotating disk 81.Particularly, turning device 50 by pick and place cylinder 511 order about jaw 512 realize pick and place action, by upset cylinder 521 and turnover connecting piece 522 realize rotary movement, realize transfer movement by lift cylinder 531 and flat-removing air cyclinder 532.

Refer to Figure 14, the extraneous vacuum plant (not shown) that point glue equipment 60 comprises support 61, mobile cylinder 62, Glue dripping head 63 and is connected with Glue dripping head 63, support 61 is installed on workbench, and Glue dripping head 63 is installed on support 61, and Glue dripping head 63 is in the setting of tilting.Glue dripping head 63 is connected with the output of mobile cylinder 62, Glue dripping head 63 opposite brackets 61 under the ordering about of mobile cylinder 62 do rectilinear motion with near or away from main shaft 202.During point glue, Glue dripping head 63 moves and makes syringe needle 631 aim at main shaft 202, and extraneous vacuum plant makes glue from syringe needle 631 plastic emitting, and then main shaft 202 rotates a circle under the driving of positioner 83, to realize the automatic glue application to main shaft 202.

Refer to Figure 15, commutator feeding device 70 comprises commutator feeding machanism 71, commutator steering mechanism 72 and commutator conveyer mechanism 73, commutator steering mechanism 72 is positioned at the front side of commutator feeding machanism 71, and the steering wheel 721 of commutator steering mechanism 72 is just to the output of commutator feeding machanism 71, commutator conveyer mechanism 73 is positioned at the front side of commutator steering mechanism 72.Commutator feeding machanism 71 will vertically be carried and be separated one by one by isolated commutator 205 from commutator shakes charging tray 711, the fixing also half-twist of commutator 205 that commutator steering mechanism 72 will be positioned at commutator feeding machanism 71 output, the commutator 205 of half-twist is put in level, and this commutator 205 is also sheathed on main shaft 202 by the commutator 205 that commutator conveyer mechanism 73 crawl level is put.Particularly, the steering wheel 721 of commutator steering mechanism 72 realizes fixing and rotating commutator 205 by positioning motor 722 and steer motor 723, and steering wheel 721 movement under the driving of coupled promotion cylinder 724 thinks that activity space is reserved in rotary motion.The output of commutator feeding machanism 71 is provided with the retainer 712 preventing commutator 205 from dropping, and is also provided with and is separated commutator 205 one by one with the separating mechanism 713 of discharging between retainer 712 with steering wheel 721.

Refer to Figure 16, drawing mechanism 90 comprises finished product rotor fetching device 91, finished product rotor steering mechanism 92 and finished product rotor blow tank 93, and the input 93a of finished product rotor blow tank 93 and output 93b is the layout of inclination low after front height, so that self-emptying.Finished product rotor steering mechanism 92 is just to the input 93a of finished product rotor blow tank 93, finished product rotor fetching device 91 is positioned at the side of the input 93a of finished product rotor blow tank 93, finished product rotor fetching device 91 captures finished product rotor 200 from the positioner 83 of the second rotating disk 82 and this finished product rotor 200 is transferred to finished product rotor steering mechanism 92, finished product rotor 200 half-twist that finished product rotor steering mechanism 92 will vertically place, the finished product rotor 200 of half-twist is in horizontal positioned, the finished product rotor 200 of horizontal positioned is also seated in finished product rotor blow tank 93 by finished product rotor steering mechanism 92, finished product rotor 200 is rolled into its output 93b to realize discharging from the input 93a of finished product rotor blow tank 93.

Further, the workbench outside of rotor automatic assembling 100 of the present invention is also provided with protection casing, and the control panel of controller is located on protection casing, adopts touch-screen, objective interface, simple to operate, safety.

1 to accompanying drawing 16 by reference to the accompanying drawings, as follows to the specific works principles illustrated of the rotor automatic assembling 100 of the application:

First, according to the instruction of controller, the first rotating disk 81 rotates also successively through iron core feeding device 10, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40.When the first rotating disk 81 rotates to iron core feeding device 10 place, iron core feeding device 10 is by the positioner 83 that is vertically placed to after iron core 201 half-twist on the first rotating disk 81, by guiding and the location of pilot pin 831 and positioning seat 832, iron core 201 to be fixed on positioner 83 and by this positioner 83 along with the first rotating disk 81 rotates towards main shaft feeding device 20 place.When turning to main shaft feeding device 20 place, main shaft feeding device 20 is vertically inserted in the centre bore of iron core 201 by after main shaft 202 half-twist, realizes the pre-assembled of main shaft 202 and iron core 201 with this.Then press fit device 30 pairs of main shafts 202 and iron core 201 press-fit.Then, along with the rotation of the first rotating disk 81, when turning to insulating trip feeding device 40 place, upper insulating trip 203 to be sheathed on main shaft 202 and upper insulating trip 203 is abutted against with the upper surface of iron core 201 by insulating trip feeding device 40, completes the assembling of a semi-finished product rotor 200a with this.Then constantly repeat above-mentioned action, continuously realize the assembling of semi-finished product rotor 200a.

Next, turning device 50 captures semi-finished product rotor 200a from the first rotating disk 81 and is placed in after being overturn 180 ° on the positioner 83 on the second rotating disk 82, and semi-finished product rotor 200a rotates along with the second rotating disk 82 rotated.The second rotating disk 82 rotated is successively through insulating trip feeding device 40, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70, press fit device 30 and drawing mechanism 90.When the second rotating disk 82 rotates to insulating trip feeding device 40 place, lower insulating trip 204 to be sheathed on main shaft 202 and lower insulating trip 204 is abutted against with the lower surface of iron core 201 by insulating trip feeding device 40.Then, when the second rotating disk 82 turns to point glue equipment 60 place, Glue dripping head 63 moves and makes syringe needle 631 aim at main shaft 202, and glue is from syringe needle 631 plastic emitting, and main shaft 202 rotates a circle under the driving of positioner 83, to realize the automatic glue application to main shaft 202.Then, when the second rotating disk 82 turns to commutator feeding device 70 place, commutator 205 to be sheathed on main shaft 202 and commutator 205 and lower insulating trip 204 is abutted against by commutator feeding device 70, to realize the pre-assembled of commutator 205 and main shaft 202, then press fit device 30 pairs of commutators 205 and main shaft 202 press-fit.Complete the assembling to finished product rotor 200 thus.

Finally, finished product rotor 200 takes off from the second rotating disk 82 and puts into finished product rotor blow tank 93 with discharging after half-twist by drawing mechanism 90.

Compared with prior art, the rotating disk conveyer 80 of rotor automatic assembling 100 of the present invention comprises the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82 be arranged side by side, iron core feeding device 10, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40 are arranged successively along the circumference of described first rotating disk 81, and insulating trip feeding device 40, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70, press fit device 30 and drawing mechanism 90 are arranged successively along the circumference of the second rotating disk 82.Turning device 50 between the first rotating disk 81 and the second rotating disk 82, iron core feeding device 10, main shaft feeding device 20, press fit device 30 and insulating trip feeding device 40 under cooperatively interacting on the first rotating disk 81 by iron core 201, main shaft 202 and on insulating trip 203 assemble a semi-finished product rotor 200a; Turning device 50 is transferred on the second rotating disk 82 after the semi-finished product rotor 200a on first rotating disk 81 is rotated the first angle again; Semi-finished product rotor 200a, lower insulating trip 204 and commutator 205 are assembled a finished product rotor 200 by insulating trip feeding device 40, point glue equipment 60, commutator feeding device 70, press fit device 30 under cooperatively interacting on the second rotating disk 82.Complete machine structure is simple and compact, and occupation of land space is less and rationally, automaticity is high and efficiency is high.The setting of two rotating disk, makes each component layouts concentrate, convenient operation and the arrangement of product line.Without the need to arranging multiple work position, decreasing the arrangement of personnel, simplifying technique, effectively reducing cost.And two turntable structure decomposes each manufacturing procedure, often walk action reliably single, the time balances, the number of times of workpiece machinery location is also made to reduce, decrease the repeatedly damage of machinery location to workpiece to greatest extent, each parts adopt modularized design, are convenient to adjustment and safeguard.

Above disclosedly be only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, certainly can not limit the interest field of the present invention with this, therefore according to the equivalent variations that the present patent application the scope of the claims is done, still belong to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (10)

1. a rotor automatic assembling, be suitable for and rotor is assembled, it is characterized in that, described rotor automatic assembling comprises the iron core feeding device be located on workbench, main shaft feeding device, press fit device, insulating trip feeding device, turning device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device, rotating disk conveyer and drawing mechanism; Described rotating disk conveyer comprises the first rotating disk and the second rotating disk that are arranged side by side, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device are arranged successively along the circumference of described first rotating disk, described iron core feeding device, main shaft feeding device, press fit device and insulating trip feeding device under cooperatively interacting on described first rotating disk by iron core, main shaft and on insulating trip assemble a semi-finished product rotor; Described turning device is between described first rotating disk and described second rotating disk, and described turning device is transferred on described second rotating disk after the semi-finished product rotor on described first rotating disk is rotated the first angle again; Described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device, press fit device and drawing mechanism are arranged successively along the circumference of described second rotating disk, semi-finished product rotor, lower insulating trip and commutator are assembled a finished product rotor by described insulating trip feeding device, point glue equipment, commutator feeding device and press fit device under cooperatively interacting on described second rotating disk, and described finished product rotor takes off and discharging again after rotating the second angle from described second rotating disk by described drawing mechanism.
2. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described iron core is placed on described first rotating disk by described iron core feeding device, described main shaft is inserted in the centre bore of described iron core by described main shaft feeding device, the described press fit device being positioned at described first rotating disk place press-fits described main shaft and described iron core, described upper insulating trip is sheathed on described main shaft by the described insulating trip feeding device being positioned at described first rotating disk place, this insulating trip feeding device also makes the upper surface of described upper insulating trip and described iron core abut against, described lower insulating trip is sheathed on described main shaft by the described insulating trip feeding device being positioned at described second rotating disk place, this insulation feeding device also makes the lower surface of described lower insulating trip and described iron core abut against, described point glue equipment carries out a glue to described main shaft, described commutator is sheathed on described main shaft by described commutator feeding device, and described commutator feeding device also makes described commutator and described lower insulating trip abut against, the described press fit device being positioned at described second rotating disk place press-fits described main shaft and described commutator.
3. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rotating disk conveyer also comprises positioner, described positioner is located on described first rotating disk and the second rotating disk respectively, described positioner comprises pilot pin and positioning seat, described positioning seat is installed on described first rotating disk and the second rotating disk, and described positioning seat has positioning and guiding portion, described pilot pin is installed on described positioning seat, the quantity of described pilot pin is 3, and 3 described pilot pins are equal angular layout on described positioning seat; During assembling, the groove that described pilot pin inserts the circumference of described iron core is interior to locate described iron core, described positioning and guiding portion guides and limits the direction of insertion of described iron core, described pilot pin also limits the installation direction of described upper insulating trip and lower insulating trip, and described pilot pin is coordinating of gap with described iron core, upper insulating trip and lower insulating trip respectively.
4. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the angular range between described positioning and guiding portion and the central shaft of described positioning seat is 30 ° to 45 °; Described pilot pin is the little cylindrical bar in large centre, two, and the end of described pilot pin is conical, and the fit clearance of described pilot pin and described iron core is 0.01mm, and the fit clearance of described pilot pin and described insulating trip is 0.02mm.
5. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described iron core feeding device comprises iron core deflector chute, iron core steering mechanism and iron core conveyer mechanism, described iron core steering mechanism is connected with the output of described iron core deflector chute, described iron core conveyer mechanism is positioned at the top of described iron core steering mechanism, the input of described iron core deflector chute and output are low being obliquely installed after front height, the iron core put in level be positioned on this iron core deflector chute is sent to place of described iron core steering mechanism by described iron core deflector chute one by one, described iron core steering mechanism fixes and drives described iron core half-twist, the iron core of half-twist is vertical display, described iron core conveyer mechanism captures the iron core of vertical display and is transferred to by this iron core on the positioner on described first rotating disk.
6. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described main shaft feeding device comprises main shaft hopper, main shaft tripper and main shaft conveyer mechanism, described main shaft tripper is connected with described main shaft hopper, described main shaft conveyer mechanism and described main shaft tripper are arranged in opposite directions, the major axis horizontal be positioned in this main shaft hopper is sent to described main shaft tripper place by described main shaft hopper, described main shaft is pushed to described main shaft conveyer mechanism place by described main shaft tripper one by one, described main shaft half-twist makes main shaft described in this along vertical display by described main shaft conveyer mechanism, the main shaft of vertical display is also transferred in the centre bore of the iron core on described positioner by described main shaft conveyer mechanism.
7. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described main shaft conveyer mechanism comprises sleeve, clamping part, clamping driver and rotating driver, described clamping part is used for gripping described sleeve, described clamping part is connected with described clamping driver, described clamping part is also connected with described rotating driver, the sidewall of described sleeve offers a through hole, and the side-walls that described sleeve is relative with described through hole is provided with permanent magnet; When described major axis horizontal is pushed in described sleeve by described main shaft tripper, the output shaft of described clamping driver passes described through hole and compresses described main shaft, described permanent magnet adsorbs described main shaft, described rotating driver orders about described sleeve rotating 90 °, drives the main shaft be anchored in described sleeve to insert vertically in the centre bore of described iron core by the described sleeve rotated.
8. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described press fit device comprise support and be oppositely arranged press-fit supporting seat and pressurized cylinder, describedly press-fit supporting seat and be installed on the bottom surface of described support, and described in press-fit the below that supporting seat is positioned at described first rotating disk or the second rotating disk, described pressurized cylinder is installed on the end face of described support, and described pressurized cylinder is positioned at the top of described first rotating disk or the second rotating disk, when the iron core on positioner described in described first rotating disk or the second driven by rotary disc and main shaft or commutator and main shaft move to described pressurized cylinder and described press-fit between supporting seat time, described pressurized cylinder and described press-fit supporting seat cooperatively interact lower to described main shaft and iron core or press-fit described commutator and main shaft.
9. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described insulating trip feeding device comprises insulating trip feeding machanism, insulating trip steering mechanism and insulating trip conveyer mechanism, described insulating trip steering mechanism is positioned at the front side of described insulating trip feeding machanism, described insulating trip conveyer mechanism is positioned at the front side of described insulating trip steering mechanism, upper insulating trip or lower insulating trip are vertically carried and are separated one by one by described insulating trip feeding machanism, described insulating trip steering mechanism is by the upper insulating trip on the output of described insulating trip feeding machanism or the fixing also half-twist of lower insulating trip, described insulating trip conveyer mechanism linearly captures upper insulating trip in described insulating trip steering mechanism or lower insulating trip, and captured upper insulating trip or lower insulating trip are also sheathed on described main shaft by described insulating trip conveyer mechanism.
10. rotor automatic assembling as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described turning device comprises semi-finished product rotor fetching device, semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism and semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device is connected with the output of described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism is connected with the output of described semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device captures described semi-finished product rotor from described first rotating disk, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device drives described semi-finished product rotor to overturn 180 ° under the driving of described semi-finished product rotor switching mechanism, described semi-finished product rotor fetching device moves left and right and moves up and down under the ordering about of described semi-finished product rotor movement mechanism, by the described semi-finished product rotor fetching device of movement, described semi-finished product rotor is seated on the positioner on described second rotating disk from described first rotating disk.
CN201511018692.3A 2015-12-28 2015-12-28 Rotor automatic assembling CN105406664B (en)

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CN110994920A (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-04-10 莱克电气股份有限公司 Rotor assembly system and rotor assembly method
CN110994920B (en) * 2020-03-03 2020-07-10 莱克电气股份有限公司 Rotor assembly system and rotor assembly method

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