CN105398285A - Hub and method for reducing content of particulate matters in air - Google Patents

Hub and method for reducing content of particulate matters in air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105398285A
CN105398285A CN201510956606.7A CN201510956606A CN105398285A CN 105398285 A CN105398285 A CN 105398285A CN 201510956606 A CN201510956606 A CN 201510956606A CN 105398285 A CN105398285 A CN 105398285A
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China
Prior art keywords
air
filter cartridge
spoke
wheel hub
filter
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CN201510956606.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105398285B (en
Inventor
孙双
王晓佩
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510956606.7A priority Critical patent/CN105398285B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B19/00Wheels not otherwise provided for or having characteristics specified in one of the subgroups of this group
    • B60B19/06Wheels not otherwise provided for or having characteristics specified in one of the subgroups of this group with compartments for fluid, packing or loading material; Buoyant wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H3/00Other air-treating devices
    • B60H3/06Filtering
    • B60H3/0658Filter elements specially adapted for their arrangement in vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

The invention discloses a hub and method for reducing the content of particulate matters in the air, belonging to the fields of air pollution reduction as well as prevention and control. The hub comprises a filter device, wherein the filter device is arranged on a spoke; the spoke is provided with a filter tank which is a through hole passing through the spoke; the filter device comprises a filter cartridge embedded into the filter tank and is partitioned by partition plates with through holes to form a plurality of spaces communicated along the horizontal direction, and each space is filled with a filling filter material; the through hole in one of the left and right side walls of the filter cartridge forms an air inlet of the filter cartridge, and the through hole in the other side wall forms an air outlet of the filter cartridge; and the inner side of each of the left and right side walls of the filter cartridge is fixedly connected with a spring. The hub mainly achieves the function of reducing the content of the particulate matters in the air.

Description

A kind of wheel hub and method of cutting down particulate in air content
Technical field
The present invention relates to air-polluting to cut down and prevention and control field, more particularly, relate to a kind of wheel hub and method of cutting down particulate in air content.
Background technology
The most cities aerial contamination of current China is serious, haze weather increasing proportion.Haze has brought serious impact to the air environment of its affected zone, safety traffic, and has easily caused the problem of human body discomfort, can bring out various cancer time serious, very big to harm.The inhalable particles such as sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and PM2.5 are the main compositions of haze.When haze weather occurs, people are usually proposed minimizing and go out, as far as possible in indoor activity.Existing air cleaner technology waits local microenvironment in faced chamber and in car more, the purification of non-outside air.Such as, the object of Household Air Purifier is suck air and then room air is filtered in cleaner, if air purifier is directly placed in outdoor, the air be used for outside decontamination chamber, then its energy conversion rate is not high, and clean-up effect is bad, and purification cost intensive.In addition air purifier is placed in the air that outdoor is come outside decontamination chamber, directly do not contact with user itself, therefore subscriber usage is not high.
Self-propelled vehicle is as the significant element of city traffic, its radix should not be underestimated, have been proposed in vehicle exterior in prior art and the technical scheme that vehicle-mounted air purification device carrys out decontamination chamber's outer air is installed, above-mentioned vehicle-mounted air purification device is for catching particulate matter in air and other hazardous and noxious substances, but, above-mentioned vehicle-mounted air purification device often needs to consume the extra energy (as oil, electric energy etc.), can cause certain economical burden to user; Secondly, this way equipment being directly installed on vehicle exterior, have impact on original external form of self-propelled vehicle, adds the air resistance in motor-driven vehicle going, thus add the oil consumption of self-propelled vehicle; Finally, a lot of vehicle-mounted air purification device is after retaining pollutants, and need user to pay extra energy and make it recover clean, its cleaning acquires a certain degree of difficulty, and makes troubles to user.
Through retrieval, patent publication No.: CN103884055A, publication date: on June 25th, 2014, invention and created name is: vehicle-mounted outside air cleaner, this application case discloses a kind of easy, actv. outside air purification method, by extensively promoting on urban taxi, bus and car for public affairs, initiatively eliminate city haze impact.The principle of outside air purification method is as follows: a kind of Simple air purification device is fixed on motor vehicle roof, advancing of self-propelled vehicle is relied on to make in air access to plant, after filtering membrane in device, collecting plate and automatic generation point solution device purifies air, pure air is discharged, thus reach decontamination chamber's outer air, alleviate the object of haze impact.But this application case still has the following disadvantages: in (1) this application case, Simple air purification device is fixed on motor vehicle roof, have impact on original external form of self-propelled vehicle, add the resistance in motor-driven vehicle going, thus add the oil consumption of self-propelled vehicle; (2) in this application case, the cleaning process of filtering membrane is very inconvenient.
Patent publication No.: CN203485716U, publication date: on March 19th, 2014, invention and created name is: a kind of outdoor vehicular air purifier, this application case discloses a kind of outdoor vehicular air purifier, comprise and be arranged on casing through before and after vehicle roof, admission port is offered in casing front end, at admission port, place is provided with fan assembly, be provided with successively from front to back in casing and just imitate air-filtering arrangement, activated carbon filter layer and high-accuracy air Filtrierapparatus, set out gas port in the rear end of casing.When vehicle fast running, fan assembly in the casing of roof can zero power consumption rotation, make air by the clean-up device in casing, reach the object of decontamination chamber's outer air, effectively reduce the finely ground particles in air and pernicious gas, structure is simple, with low cost.But, this application case still has the following disadvantages: (1) is although the energy rotation when vehicle fast running of this application case fan device, but the rotation of fan assembly overcomes large quantity of air resistance by the vehicle and is formed, add the resistance in motor-driven vehicle going, thus add the oil consumption of self-propelled vehicle; (2) in this application case, outdoor vehicular air purifier is arranged on vehicle roof, have impact on the original external form of the vehicle; (3) in this application case, the cleaning process of filtering installation is very inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
1. invent the technical matters that will solve
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of wheel hub and method of cutting down particulate in air content, mainly achieve the function of cutting down particulate in air content.
2. technical scheme
For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of wheel hub cutting down particulate in air content of the present invention, comprises wheel body, spoke and wheel rim, and described wheel rim inner ring is connected by spoke and wheel body; Also comprise the filtering installation for purifying air, this filtering installation is located on spoke.
As further improvement of the present invention, described spoke is provided with lautertuns, and this lautertuns is the through hole running through spoke, and the side of lautertuns is provided with the inlet valve removably connected, and the opposite side of lautertuns is provided with the air outlet valve removably connected.
As further improvement of the present invention, described filtering installation comprises filter cartridge, and this filter cartridge embeds in above-mentioned lautertuns, by being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become some spaces be connected in left-right direction in filter cartridge, fills filtrate in each space;
The left side wall of described filter cartridge, right side wall are all evenly equipped with through hole, and the through hole in the sidewall of filter cartridge left and right on a certain sidewall forms the admission port of filter cartridge, and the through hole on another sidewall forms the air extractor duct of filter cartridge; On the inner side of filter cartridge left side wall, the inner side of right side wall is all fixed with spring, spring contacts with dividing plate outermost in filter cartridge.
As further improvement of the present invention, by being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become three spaces be connected in left-right direction in described filter cartridge, in three spaces, be respectively equipped with single filter layer, cascade filtration layer, three-stage filtration layer from admission port successively to air extractor duct direction; The filter screen that described single filter layer is worked out by metal filament is as filtrate, and the mesh aperture of filter screen is 0.3 ~ 2mm; Described cascade filtration layer adopts and is pressed into block active carbon as filtrate, uniform tubaeform through hole in block absorbent charcoal, the aperture of this is tubaeform through hole one end is 30 ± 5 μm, and the aperture of the other end is 10 ± 5 μm, and aperture is 30 ± 5 μm one to rectify admission port; Described three-stage filtration layer is by crisscross plastic stent as filtrate, and this plastic stent is upper is along its length waveform, the surface coating NACF of plastic stent.
As further improvement of the present invention, be connected between adjacent spokes by air baffle, the both sides of wheel hub isolate by air baffle and spoke jointly; One side of described air baffle and spoke is plane, and the another side of air baffle and spoke is arcwall face, and the admission port of filter cartridge is outwards just to side spoke being plane.
As further improvement of the present invention, also comprise back purge system, this back purge system comprises water inlet, coolant inlet pipe, coolant outlet pipe and water outlet, described wheel body is respectively equipped with water inlet and water outlet, the outside of water inlet and water outlet is equipped with closing cap, described water inlet is connected with the admission port of filter cartridge by coolant inlet pipe, and water outlet is connected with the air extractor duct of filter cartridge by coolant outlet pipe.
As further improvement of the present invention, the contact surface of described filter cartridge and lautertuns adopts caulking gum to seal.
As further improvement of the present invention, the integral inclined setting of described filter cartridge, the angle of the side for plane on filter cartridge and spoke is 30 ~ 60 °.
A kind of method of cutting down particulate in air content of the present invention, adopts the self-propelled vehicle being provided with above-mentioned wheel hub as the equipment cutting down particulate in air content, comprises the steps:
Step one, new field of technical activity
Inlet valve and air outlet valve are all opened, the closing cap outside water inlet and water outlet is all closed;
Step 2, to purify air the stage
Self-propelled vehicle is made to keep the speeds of 40 ~ 100km/h, air-flow is respectively by two sides of Vehicular hub, in wheel hub two sides, mineralization pressure is poor, air enters the admission port of filter cartridge under the effect of difference of pressure, then in filter cartridge, pass through single filter layer, cascade filtration layer, three-stage filtration layer successively, finally discharge from the air extractor duct of filter cartridge;
Step 3, back flush stage
After self-propelled vehicle often travels the distance of 1500 ~ 2500km, carry out a backwash operation, be specially:
Inlet valve and air outlet valve are all closed, closing cap outside water inlet and water outlet is all closed, passed into the rinse water of 0.2 ~ 0.3MPa to water inlet by hydraulic giant, rinse water arrives the air extractor duct of filter cartridge along coolant inlet pipe, then carry out back flush to three-stage filtration layer, cascade filtration layer, single filter layer successively, the sewage after back flush is discharged by water outlet and is collected;
Step 4, cycle stage
After repeating step one to step 3 20 ~ 30 times successively, change the filtrate in single filter layer, cascade filtration layer and three-stage filtration layer.
3. beneficial effect
Adopt technical scheme provided by the invention, compared with prior art, there is following beneficial effect:
(1) wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content of the present invention, there is universality, can be installed on the self-propelled vehicle of various model, utilize the pressure reduction of wheel hub both sides self-assembling formation in motor-driven vehicle going process as major impetus, air is passed be installed on the filtering installation on wheel hub, and then make the particulate pollutant such as the dust in air, PM10, PM2.5 and toxic and harmful be filtered device to retain, mainly reach the object of cutting down particulate pollutant in air.
(2) in the present invention, after filtering installation on wheel hub uses a period of time, when carwash by back purge system quickly and easily to filtering installation in the particle that retains carry out back flush, make the filtrate in filtering installation recover clean Posterior circle to use, and the sewage after back flush can collect for other business, saving water resource; Back flush efficiently easy to operate, equally convenient with the common wheel hub of cleaning, and extra use trouble can not be increased to car owner.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view along A-A line in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of filtering installation in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the self-propelled vehicle cutting down particulate in air content in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic flow sheet of the method for reduction particulate in air content of the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
101, wheel body; 102, spoke; 103, wheel rim; 2, filtering installation; 201, filter cartridge; 202, single filter layer; 203, cascade filtration layer; 204, three-stage filtration layer; 205, spring; 206, admission port; 207, air extractor duct; 301, water inlet; 302, coolant inlet pipe; 303, coolant outlet pipe; 304, water outlet; 4, air baffle; 5, lautertuns; 6, air outlet valve; 7, inlet valve; 8, self-propelled vehicle body.
Detailed description of the invention
For understanding content of the present invention further, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Composition graphs 1 ~ 3, the wheel hub of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, comprises wheel body 101, spoke 102, wheel rim 103, filtering installation 2, back purge system for purifying air.Wheel rim 103 inner ring is connected by spoke 102 and wheel body 101, and wheel rim 103 coordinates with tire, is the wheel portion of support tire; Wheel body 101 coordinates with axletree, for supporting the part of axletree.Filtering installation 2 is located on spoke 102, be specially: spoke 102 is provided with lautertuns 5, this lautertuns 5 is for running through the through hole of spoke 102, the side of lautertuns 5 is provided with the inlet valve 7 removably connected, the opposite side of lautertuns 5 is provided with the air outlet valve 6 removably connected, and in the present embodiment, inlet valve 7 and air outlet valve 6 all open or close automatically by driven by motor.Filtering installation 2 comprises filter cartridge 201, and this filter cartridge 201 embeds in above-mentioned lautertuns 5, and in order to ensure fitting tightly between filter cartridge 201 and lautertuns 5, filter cartridge 201 adopts caulking gum to seal with the contact surface of lautertuns 5.By being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become some spaces be connected in left-right direction in filter cartridge 201, in each space, fill filtrate; The left side wall of filter cartridge 201, right side wall are all evenly equipped with through hole, and the through hole in filter cartridge about 201 sidewall on a certain sidewall forms the admission port 206 of filter cartridge 201, and the through hole on another sidewall forms the air extractor duct 207 of filter cartridge 201; On the inner side of filter cartridge 201 left side wall, the inner side of right side wall is all fixed with spring 205, spring 205 contacts with outermost dividing plate in filter cartridge 201, and spring 205 fixes the filtrate in filter cartridge 201 by compressing outermost dividing plate in filter cartridge 201.The setting of spring 205 greatly facilitates the operation changing filtrate, only need by outermost dividing plate in filter box 201 respectively to two laybacks during replacing filtrate, now spring 205 is in compressive state, easily old filtrate can be extracted out, then insert new filtrate, finally make spring 205 again extend and new filtrate is fixed.Meanwhile, because spring 205 has certain elastic expansion range, therefore the setting of spring 205 can make filtrate increase within the specific limits or reduce thickness, and can not affect fixedly securing of filtrate.
In the present embodiment, by being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become three spaces be connected in left-right direction in filter cartridge 201, in three spaces, be respectively equipped with single filter layer 202, cascade filtration layer 203, three-stage filtration layer 204 from admission port 206 successively to air extractor duct 207 direction; The filter screen that single filter layer 202 is worked out by metal filament is as filtrate, filter screen can be the metal material of stainless steel or other rust protections, the mesh aperture of filter screen is 0.3 ~ 2mm (getting 0.3mm in the present embodiment), is mainly used in the material stopping that the particles such as gravel, paper scrap, leaf, hair pericarp are larger; Cascade filtration layer 203 adopts and is pressed into block active carbon as filtrate, uniform tubaeform through hole in block absorbent charcoal, the aperture of this is tubaeform through hole one end is 35 μm, the aperture of the other end is 15 μm, and aperture is 35 μm one to rectify admission port 206, it is that the particulate matter of 15 ~ 35 μm and part toxic and harmful retain that air flows through tubaeform through hole to particle diameter; In the present embodiment, the design of tubaeform through hole substantially increases the effect of block absorbent charcoal trapped particles thing; In order to improve the filter effect of cascade filtration layer 203, the thickness of block absorbent charcoal can be increased according to actual conditions.Three-stage filtration layer 204 by crisscross plastic stent as filtrate, this plastic stent is upper is along its length waveform, the surface coating NACF of plastic stent, corrugated design considerably increases the face area of plastic stent, thus the face area of NACF coating can be increased, add the adsorption effect of NACF, NACF is less than a large amount of fine particle of 10 μm and the gas such as volatile organic matter in adsorb atmospheric for tackling particle diameter.
In order to ensure the interception capacity of filtering installation 2 pairs of particulate in air, increase the volume of unit time inner filtration air, the design of wheel hub can also adopt some preferred versions, such as, in the present embodiment, be connected by air baffle 4 between adjacent spokes 102, the both sides of wheel hub isolate by air baffle 4 and spoke 102 jointly; One side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is plane, and the another side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is arcwall face, and the admission port 206 of filter cartridge 201 is outwards just to side spoke 102 being plane.One side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is designed to plane, the another side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is designed to have fleetline arcwall face, when air high velocity stream crosses wheel hub, portion of air is from wheel hub side surface current mistake, portion of air flows through from wheel hub another side, because a side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is designed to plane, so the air rate of this side is relatively little, air pressure is relatively large; The another side of air baffle 4 and spoke 102 is designed to have fleetline arcwall face, so the air rate of this side is relatively large, air pressure is relatively little; So self-propelled vehicle is when running at high speed, the air pressure of wheel hub one side is relatively large, and the air pressure of wheel hub another side is relatively little, and air is successfully filtered through filtering installation 2.
In order to improve the filter effect of filtrate in filter cartridge 201, the integral inclined setting of filter cartridge 201, for the angle of a side of plane is 30 ~ 60 ° (getting 30 ° in the present embodiment) on filter cartridge 201 and spoke 102, in the present embodiment, filter cartridge 201 is integral inclined is arranged so that filtrate entirety is also obliquely installed, increase the face area of media filtration comparatively speaking, effectively and improve the filter effect of filtering installation 2 dexterously.
The wheel hub of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, also comprise back purge system, this back purge system comprises water inlet 301, coolant inlet pipe 302, coolant outlet pipe 303 and water outlet 304, wheel body 101 is respectively equipped with water inlet 301 and water outlet 304, the outside of water inlet 301 and water outlet 304 is equipped with closing cap, water inlet 301 is connected with the admission port 206 of filter cartridge 201 by coolant inlet pipe 302, and water outlet 304 is connected with the air extractor duct 207 of filter cartridge 201 by coolant outlet pipe 303.In the present embodiment, back purge system is used for carrying out back flush to filtering installation 2, filtering installation 2 can be recycled, before back flush, inlet valve 7 and air outlet valve 6 are all closed, closing cap outside water inlet 301 and water outlet 304 is all opened, passed into the rinse water of 0.2 ~ 0.3MPa to water inlet 301 by water blast gun, rinse water arrives the air extractor duct 207 of filter cartridge 201 along coolant inlet pipe 302, then successively to three-stage filtration layer 204, cascade filtration layer 203, single filter layer 202 carries out back flush, sewage after back flush is discharged by water outlet 304 and is collected.
The wheel hub of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, there is universality, can be installed on the self-propelled vehicle of various model, utilize the pressure reduction of wheel hub both sides self-assembling formation in motor-driven vehicle going process as major impetus, air is passed be installed on the filtering installation 2 on wheel hub, and then make the particulate pollutant such as the dust in air, PM10, PM2.5 and toxic and harmful be filtered device 2 to retain, mainly reach the object of cutting down particulate pollutant in air.
Embodiment 2
The wheel hub of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, its structure is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and its difference is: the mesh aperture of single filter layer 202 is 1.1mm; For the angle of a side of plane is 45 ° on filter cartridge 201 and spoke 102; Cascade filtration layer 203 adopts and is pressed into block active carbon as filtrate, uniform tubaeform through hole in block absorbent charcoal, and the aperture of this is tubaeform through hole one end is 25 μm, and the aperture of the other end is 5 μm, and aperture is 25 μm one to rectify admission port 206.
Embodiment 3
The wheel hub of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, its structure is substantially the same manner as Example 1, and its difference is: the mesh aperture of single filter layer 202 is 2mm; For the angle of a side of plane is 60 ° on filter cartridge 201 and spoke 102.
Embodiment 4
Composition graphs 4, the self-propelled vehicle of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, comprises self-propelled vehicle body 8, this self-propelled vehicle body 8 is provided with the wheel hub in embodiment 1.
Self-propelled vehicle is as the significant element of city traffic, its radix should not be underestimated, have been proposed in vehicle exterior in prior art and the technical scheme that vehicle-mounted air purification device carrys out decontamination chamber's outer air is installed, this vehicle-mounted air purification device is for catching particulate matter in air and other hazardous and noxious substances, but, above-mentioned vehicle-mounted air purification device often needs to consume the extra energy (as oil, electric energy etc.), can cause certain economical burden to user; Secondly, this way equipment being directly installed on vehicle exterior, have impact on original external form of self-propelled vehicle, adds the air resistance in motor-driven vehicle going, thus add the oil consumption of self-propelled vehicle; Finally, a lot of vehicle-mounted air purification device, after retaining pollutants, needs user to pay extra energy and make it recover clean, and its cleaning acquires a certain degree of difficulty, and makes troubles to user.For solving the problem, the self-propelled vehicle of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment makes following improvement:
The self-propelled vehicle of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, its wheel hub can be directly installed on self-propelled vehicle body 8, without the need to making any change to self-propelled vehicle during installation wheel hub, the installation site disguise of wheel hub is high, can not impact original self-propelled vehicle external form, avoid the problem increasing air resistance in motor-driven vehicle going, and the productive costs of wheel hub is not high, is suitable in the industry cycle popularizing; The pressure reduction of the power resources of filtering installation 2 filtered air wheel hub both sides self-assembling formation in motor-driven vehicle going in the present embodiment, does not need to consume extra electric power, practical, economical reliable; In the present embodiment, after filtering installation 2 on wheel hub uses a period of time, quickly and easily back flush is carried out to the particle retained in filtering installation 2 when carwash by back purge system, make the filtrate in filtering installation 2 recover clean Posterior circle to use, and the sewage after back flush can collect for other business, saving water resource; Back flush efficiently easy to operate, equally convenient with the common wheel hub of cleaning, and extra use trouble can not be increased to car owner.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, self-propelled vehicle comprises the self-propelled vehicle of all installation wheel hubs such as car, engineering truck, bus, motor bike.According to the different demands of user, the wheel hub of different spoke pattern can be designed in the present embodiment, can also be used for providing the integrated hub without spoke.
Embodiment 5
Composition graphs 5, the method for the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, adopts the self-propelled vehicle of embodiment 4 as the equipment cutting down particulate in air content, comprises the steps:
Step one, new field of technical activity
Inlet valve 7 and air outlet valve 6 are all opened, the closing cap outside water inlet 301 and water outlet 304 is all closed;
Step 2, to purify air the stage
Self-propelled vehicle is made to keep the speeds of 40km/h, air-flow is respectively by two sides of Vehicular hub, in wheel hub two sides, mineralization pressure is poor, air enters the admission port 206 of filter cartridge 201 under the effect of difference of pressure, then in filter cartridge 201, pass through single filter layer 202, cascade filtration layer 203, three-stage filtration layer 204 successively, finally discharge from the air extractor duct 207 of filter cartridge 201;
Step 3, back flush stage
After self-propelled vehicle often travels the distance of 1500km, carry out a backwash operation, be specially:
Inlet valve 7 and air outlet valve 6 are all closed, closing cap outside water inlet 301 and water outlet 304 is all closed, passed into the rinse water of 0.2MPa to water inlet 301 by hydraulic giant, rinse water arrives the air extractor duct 207 of filter cartridge 201 along coolant inlet pipe 302, then carry out back flush to three-stage filtration layer 204, cascade filtration layer 203, single filter layer 202 successively, the sewage after back flush is discharged by water outlet 304 and is collected;
Step 4, cycle stage
After repeating step one to step 3 30 times successively, change the filtrate in single filter layer 202, cascade filtration layer 203 and three-stage filtration layer 204.
Embodiment 6
The method of the reduction particulate in air content of the present embodiment, its step is substantially the same manner as Example 5, and its difference is: in step 2, makes self-propelled vehicle keep the speeds of 100km/h; In step 3, after self-propelled vehicle often travels the distance of 2500km, carry out a backwash operation; Passed into the rinse water of 0.3MPa to water inlet 301 by hydraulic giant; In step 4, after repeating step one to step 3 20 times successively, change the filtrate in single filter layer 202, cascade filtration layer 203 and three-stage filtration layer 204.
Schematically above be described the present invention and embodiment thereof, this description does not have restricted, and also just one of the embodiments of the present invention shown in accompanying drawing, actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art enlightens by it, when not departing from the invention aim, designing the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, all should protection scope of the present invention be belonged to.

Claims (9)

1. cut down the wheel hub of particulate in air content for one kind, comprise wheel body (101), spoke (102) and wheel rim (103), described wheel rim (103) inner ring is connected by spoke (102) and wheel body (101); It is characterized in that: also comprise the filtering installation (2) for purifying air, this filtering installation (2) is located on spoke (102).
2. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described spoke (102) is provided with lautertuns (5), this lautertuns (5) is for running through the through hole of spoke (102), the side of lautertuns (5) is provided with the inlet valve (7) removably connected, and the opposite side of lautertuns (5) is provided with the air outlet valve (6) removably connected.
3. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described filtering installation (2) comprises filter cartridge (201), this filter cartridge (201) embeds in above-mentioned lautertuns (5), by being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become some spaces be connected in left-right direction in filter cartridge (201), in each space, fill filtrate;
The left side wall of described filter cartridge (201), right side wall are all evenly equipped with through hole, through hole in the sidewall of filter cartridge (201) left and right on a certain sidewall forms the admission port (206) of filter cartridge (201), and the through hole on another sidewall forms the air extractor duct (207) of filter cartridge (201); On the inner side of filter cartridge (201) left side wall, the inner side of right side wall is all fixed with spring (205), spring (205) contacts with outermost dividing plate in filter cartridge (201).
4. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: by being with the baffle for separating of through hole to become three spaces be connected in left-right direction in described filter cartridge (201), in three spaces, be respectively equipped with single filter layer (202), cascade filtration layer (203), three-stage filtration layer (204) from admission port (206) successively to air extractor duct (207) direction; The filter screen that described single filter layer (202) is worked out by metal filament is as filtrate, and the mesh aperture of filter screen is 0.3 ~ 2mm; The employing of described cascade filtration layer (203) is pressed into block active carbon as filtrate, uniform tubaeform through hole in block absorbent charcoal, the aperture of this is tubaeform through hole one end is 30 ± 5 μm, the aperture of the other end is 10 ± 5 μm, and aperture be 30 ± 5 μm one rectify to admission port (206); Described three-stage filtration layer (204) is by crisscross plastic stent as filtrate, and this plastic stent is upper is along its length waveform, the surface coating NACF of plastic stent.
5. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: be connected by air baffle (4) between adjacent spokes (102), the both sides of wheel hub isolate by air baffle (4) and spoke (102) jointly; One side of described air baffle (4) and spoke (102) is plane, the another side of air baffle (4) and spoke (102) is arcwall face, and the admission port (206) of filter cartridge (201) is outwards just to the upper side for plane of spoke (102).
6. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: also comprise back purge system, this back purge system comprises water inlet (301), coolant inlet pipe (302), coolant outlet pipe (303) and water outlet (304), described wheel body (101) is respectively equipped with water inlet (301) and water outlet (304), the outside of water inlet (301) and water outlet (304) is equipped with closing cap, described water inlet (301) is connected with the admission port (206) of filter cartridge (201) by coolant inlet pipe (302), water outlet (304) is connected with the air extractor duct (207) of filter cartridge (201) by coolant outlet pipe (303).
7. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described filter cartridge (201) adopts caulking gum to seal with the contact surface of lautertuns (5).
8. the wheel hub of reduction particulate in air content according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described filter cartridge (201) integral inclined setting, filter cartridge (201) is 30 ~ 60 ° with the angle of the upper side for plane of spoke (102).
9. cut down a method for particulate in air content, it is characterized in that: adopt the self-propelled vehicle being provided with wheel hub as described in claim 1 ~ 8 any one as the equipment cutting down particulate in air content, comprise the steps:
Step one, new field of technical activity
Inlet valve (7) and air outlet valve (6) are all opened, the closing cap in water inlet (301) and water outlet (304) outside is all closed;
Step 2, to purify air the stage
Self-propelled vehicle is made to keep the speeds of 40 ~ 100km/h, air-flow is respectively by two sides of Vehicular hub, in wheel hub two sides, mineralization pressure is poor, air enters the admission port (206) of filter cartridge (201) under the effect of difference of pressure, then in filter cartridge (201), pass through single filter layer (202), cascade filtration layer (203), three-stage filtration layer (204) successively, finally discharge from the air extractor duct (207) of filter cartridge (201);
Step 3, back flush stage
After self-propelled vehicle often travels the distance of 1500 ~ 2500km, carry out a backwash operation, be specially:
Inlet valve (7) and air outlet valve (6) are all closed, the closing cap in water inlet (301) and water outlet (304) outside is all closed, passed into the rinse water of 0.2 ~ 0.3MPa to water inlet (301) by hydraulic giant, rinse water arrives the air extractor duct (207) of filter cartridge (201) along coolant inlet pipe (302), then carry out back flush to three-stage filtration layer (204), cascade filtration layer (203), single filter layer (202) successively, the sewage after back flush is discharged by water outlet (304) and is collected;
Step 4, cycle stage
After repeating step one to step 3 20 ~ 30 times successively, change the filtrate in single filter layer (202), cascade filtration layer (203) and three-stage filtration layer (204).
CN201510956606.7A 2015-12-16 2015-12-16 A kind of wheel hub and method for cutting down particulate in air content Expired - Fee Related CN105398285B (en)

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