CN105396637A - Segmented water spraying wheat washer - Google Patents

Segmented water spraying wheat washer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105396637A
CN105396637A CN201510979646.3A CN201510979646A CN105396637A CN 105396637 A CN105396637 A CN 105396637A CN 201510979646 A CN201510979646 A CN 201510979646A CN 105396637 A CN105396637 A CN 105396637A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
groove
auger
wheat
shower
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Application number
CN201510979646.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105396637B (en
Inventor
郑德星
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Yancheng Institute of Technology
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B1/00Preparing grain for milling or like processes
    • B02B1/04Wet treatment, e.g. washing, wetting, softening
    • B02B1/06Devices with rotary parts

Abstract

The invention discloses a segmented water spraying wheat washer which comprises a rack, an elutriation tank, a screw conveyer tank and dehydration barrels which are mounted on the rack, wherein a spin-drying water collector is arranged below the dehydration barrels; a precise spraying pipe and a rough spraying pipe are sequentially mounted above the screw conveyer tank; a screen used for draining water is mounted at the tank bottom of the screw conveyer tank; a precise spraying water return tank and a rough spraying water collector are arranged below the screen; and the spin-drying water collector is connected with a reclaimed water treatment tank mounted at the lower part of the rack. According to the segmented water spraying wheat washer, a separated rough and precise wheat washing manner that rough elutriation and segmented water spraying precise washing are combined is adopted to replace traditional single-stage elutriation, so that the cleaning rate is high, and impurity discharging is more thorough; when the wheat washer is in work, clean water is directly injected through the rough spraying pipe and the precise spraying pipe, and reclaimed water generated from spraying cleaning is used for rough elutriation, so that the cyclic utilization of reclaimed water is achieved; and compared with a traditional method, the segmented water spraying wheat washer has the advantages that water consumed by per ton of wheat is 0.2-0.3 ton, the cost is effectively reduced, and the environmental pollution is reduced.

Description

A kind of segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, particularly a kind of process before wheat is cleaned, washes the wheat washer of dust and microorganism, sandstone, the residues of pesticides etc. being attached to wheat surface.
Background technology
Wheat can adhere to some dusts, sandstone and some medicament residues in growth, harvesting, airing, transport and storage process in wheat surface and ventral groove, some moldy kernels, injured kernel, germination grain can be produced simultaneously, burn storehouse grain etc., have a strong impact on the quality of wheat.Thus, in flouring technology, before entering mill on the cleaning of raw grain wheat on processing the whiteness of powder below, purity, ash important indicator of grading has great impact.Wheat dry method water for cleaning amount is little, but to the dust on wheat surface, microorganism, worm's ovum, is embedded in the cleaning effect such as the silt in ventral groove, shoulder to shoulder clod, cinder, worm-eaten disease wheat not good, is difficult to the flour of production high-quality.Wet method " washes wheat " and can wash off the dust on wheat surface, wipes part exocuticle, drift out the flat wheat without edibility, disease wheat in drying process, also have simultaneously de-stone and water effect.
In current wet-cleaning, wheat is only once washed after entering wheat washer and is namely discharged, and device therefor structure is simple, but material scavenging period is short in a device, water consumption is large, seriously polluted.Thus, based on existing wet cleaning techniques, develop a kind of using water wisely, simultaneously can improve again wheat cleaning performance, improve Flour whiteness and flour extraction, cleaning cost low wash wheat equipment, the pollution to environment can be decreased from source, also significantly reduce the production cost of enterprise simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed in current wet-cleaning, large, the with serious pollution problem of water consumption, adopt coarse elutriation to wash washing that the thick fine purifiation that combines with segmentation water-sprinkling is separated washes wheat technology, propose by Water Sproading recycle utilization that a kind of to realize simple, clean rate high, and what water resource effectively utilized washes wheat equipment.
The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose is: a kind of segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, it comprises frame, be installed on the elutriation groove in frame, eluriate groove to be connected with auger groove, essence shower and thick shower are installed on above auger groove successively, dehydration tube is connected with auger groove by vertical pipeline, is provided with drying water collector below dehydration tube, dries water collector and is installed on water disposed slot in frame lower and is connected;
Described auger groove is longer, eluriate auger to run through and eluriate groove and be 25 ± 2 ° with auger groove inclined installation angle and parallel with auger groove bottom land, elutriation auger low side has turned round and has washed the coarse elutriation of wheat in elutriation groove, essence shower to be installed on above auger groove epimere for smart cleaning showers, and thick shower to be installed on above auger groove hypomere for thick cleaning showers;
Described auger groove bottom land is equipped with screen cloth for draining, and be provided with smart shower water recovery tank and thick shower water collector below screen cloth, smart shower water recovery tank is installed on epimere below auger groove bottom land, and thick shower water collector is installed on hypomere below auger groove bottom land;
Described smart shower water recovery tank eluriates groove for washing the crude pottery of wheat by return pipe with flowing directly into, and during thick shower water collector is flowed into by water pipe, water disposed slot completes contaminant filter and sediment settlement;
Described middle water disposed slot bottom land is funnel type, bottom is provided with sewage draining exit for discharging silt, middle water disposed slot water inlet and water outlet are equipped with filter screen for drying the filtration of water to the thick spray drop water outlet flowed into and dehydration barrel, and water pump is installed on cell body side and is pumped into by the water that water disposed slot in process is disposed by water pipe and eluriate the coarse elutriation that groove is used for wheat and wash.
What the present invention adopted thick fine purifiation to be separated washes wheat technology, adopting coarse elutriation to wash replaces the single-stage of transmission to eluriate with segmentation water-sprinkling cleaning hybrid mode, wash through coarse elutriation successively after making wheat enter wheat washer, thick cleaning showers and smart cleaning showers, clean rate high, impurities removal is more thorough.
What thick fine purifiation was separated by the present invention wash wheat technology is implemented in same wheat washer, elutriation auger low side has stirred and has washed the coarse elutriation of wheat in elutriation groove, thick shower to be installed on above auger groove hypomere for thick cleaning showers, essence shower to be installed on above auger groove epimere for smart cleaning showers, program structure is simple, achieves coarse elutriation simultaneously and washes and segmentation water-sprinkling fine purifiation.
During the work of this segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, wheat enters through feeder and eluriates after in groove, in of short duration immersion process, the low side eluriating auger carries out stirring to wheat and realizes cleaning in water in elutriation groove, the impurity on surface can be wiped, the silt be simultaneously mingled in wheat sinks to bottom land, under the low speed of sandstone auger pushes, enter sand collecting box timing discharge, the wheat simultaneously entering auger groove moves ahead by the rotation of eluriating auger advances, thick shower hypomere above auger groove completes thick cleaning showers to wheat, in epimere groove, the clear water that essence shower sprays completes the further flushing to wheat, draining is realized by the screen cloth of bottom land while wheat rotates propelling in auger groove simultaneously, in smart shower water recovery tank is collected, water is not almost subject to polluting and flows directly into elutriation groove for washing the crude pottery of wheat through return pipe, the middle water collected of thick shower water collector through in water disposed slot dispose after pump into and eluriate water reuse in realization in groove.
During the work of this segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, clear water is directly injected by thick shower and smart shower, and thick cleaning showers is separated with smart cleaning showers, cleans more thorough.
During the work of this segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, the middle water that essence cleaning showers produces enters recovery tank by screen cloth under Gravitative Loads, and the middle water that only thick spray produces needs to dispose, with existing water circulation recovery and utilization technology compared with device, power consumption is little, and device structure simply, easily realizes.
During the work of this segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, the middle water that essence shower water recovery tank is collected flows directly into elutriation groove through return pipe, the middle water that thick shower water collector is collected pumps into via middle water disposed slot eluriates water reuse in realization in groove, compare with conventional method, ton wheat water consumption only 0.2-0.3 ton, decreases the pollution to environment from source.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer front view.
Fig. 2 is top partial view diagram.
In figure: feeder (1), eluriate groove (2), eluriate auger (3), auger groove (4), blow-off pipe (5), thick shower water collector (6), screen cloth (7), smart shower water recovery tank (8), frame (9), essence shower (10), thick shower (11), sandstone auger (12), middle water disposed slot (13), dehydration tube (14), dry water collector (15), filter screen (16), water pump (17), sand collecting box (18), flow monitoring controller (20).
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of small-sized mixing washing wheat washer, comprise frame (9), feeder (1), eluriate groove (2), eluriate auger (3), auger groove (4), screen cloth (7), thick shower water collector (6), essence shower water recovery tank (8), essence shower (10), thick shower (11), flow monitoring controller (20), sandstone auger (12), dehydration tube (14), dry water collector (15), middle water disposed slot (13), filter screen (16), water pump (17), sand collecting box (18), blow-off pipe (5),
Described elutriation auger (3) is run through and is eluriated groove (2) and be 25 ± 2 ° with auger groove (4) inclined installation angle and parallel with auger groove (4) bottom land, elutriation auger (3) low side has turned round and has washed the coarse elutriation of wheat in elutriation groove, essence shower (10) is installed on auger groove (4) top epimere and is used for smart cleaning showers, and thick shower (11) is installed on auger groove (4) below hypomere and is used for thick cleaning showers;
Described auger groove (4) bottom land is equipped with screen cloth (7) for draining, screen cloth (7) is provided with smart shower water recovery tank (8) and thick shower water collector (6) below, essence shower water recovery tank (8) is installed on the collection that epimere below auger groove (4) bottom land is used for the water outlet of essence spray drop, and thick shower water collector (6) is installed on the collection that hypomere below auger groove (4) bottom land is used for the water outlet of thick spray drop;
Described smart shower water recovery tank (8) is connected with elutriation groove (2) by return pipe, and thick shower water collector (6) is connected with middle water disposed slot (13) by water pipe;
Screw propulsion is installed in described dehydration tube (14) and re-packs assembly for the dehydration to wheat after smart cleaning showers, below is provided with and dries water collector (15), dries water collector (15) and is connected with the middle water disposed slot (13) being installed on frame (9) bottom;
Middle water disposed slot (13) bottom land is funnel type, bottom is provided with sewage draining exit for discharging silt, middle water disposed slot (13) water inlet and water outlet are equipped with filter screen (16), and water pump (17) is installed on cell body side and is connected with elutriation groove (2) by water pipe;
Described elutriation groove (2) is connected with the low side of auger groove (4), bottom land is provided with sandstone auger (12), sandstone auger (12) drives by eluriating auger (3) through pair of engaged gears, eluriate groove (2) bottom land one end and be respectively provided with sand collecting box (18) for regularly discharging sandstone, the other end is provided with blow-off pipe (5) for effluent sewerage.
In this embodiment: the wheat after just clear enters to eluriate in groove (2) through feeder (1) and eluriates, in of short duration immersion process, the low side eluriating auger (3) carries out stirring to wheat simultaneously and realizes cleaning in water, the impurity on surface can be wiped, the silt be simultaneously mingled in wheat sinks to bottom land, under the low speed of sandstone auger (12) pushes, enter sand collecting box (18) timing discharge, the wheat simultaneously entering auger groove (4) moves ahead by the rotation of eluriating auger (3) advances, thick shower (11) completes thick cleaning showers at auger groove hypomere to wheat, in epimere groove, the clear water that essence shower (10) is sprayed completes the further flushing to wheat, wheat rotates in the process advanced and realizes draining by the screen cloth (7) of bottom land in auger groove (4) simultaneously, the smart shower water recovery tank (8) that screen cloth (7) sets gradually below and thick shower water collector (6) complete the collection to the drop water outlet of essence spray and the water outlet of thick spray drop, the middle water collected through smart shower water recovery tank (8) is not almost subject to polluting flowing directly into through return pipe eluriates groove (2) for washing the crude pottery of wheat, the middle water that thick shower water collector (6) is collected flow into through in water disposed slot (13) pump into after contaminant filter and sediment settlement are disposed and eluriate water reuse in realization in groove (2), the wheat cleaned enters dehydration tube (14) through vertical channel realize high speed dewatering by being positioned at the high-end outlet of auger groove (4) under the spiral pushing eluriating auger (3), the water thrown away after drying water collector (15) and collecting in inflow water disposed slot (13) complete contaminant filter and sediment settlement, wheat after drying enters down one powder process operation.
In this embodiment: wash wheat clear water used and directly injected by smart shower (10) and thick shower (11), spray flow is controlled by the flow monitoring controller (20) that water inlet pipe is installed, spray flow is large, cleaning is more thorough, eluriates the sewage produced and is discharged by blow-off pipe (5).

Claims (1)

1. a segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer, it is characterized in that, it comprises: frame (9), be installed on the elutriation groove (2) in frame (9), eluriate groove (2) to be connected with auger groove (4), essence shower (10) and thick shower (11) are installed on auger groove (4) top successively, dehydration tube (14) is connected with auger groove (4) by vertical pipeline, dehydration tube (14) below is provided with and dries water collector (15), dry water collector (15) to be connected with the middle water disposed slot (13) being installed on frame (9) bottom,
Described auger groove (4) is longer, eluriate auger (3) to run through and eluriate groove (2) and be 25 ± 2 ° with auger groove (4) inclined installation angle and parallel with auger groove (4) bottom land, essence shower (10) is installed on auger groove (4) top epimere, thick shower (11) is installed on auger groove (4) top hypomere, auger groove (4) bottom land is equipped with screen cloth (7) for draining, screen cloth (7) is provided with smart shower water recovery tank (8) and thick shower water collector (6) below, essence shower water recovery tank (8) is installed on epimere below auger groove (4) bottom land, thick shower water collector (6) is installed on hypomere below auger groove (4) bottom land,
Described smart shower water recovery tank (8) is connected with elutriation groove (2) by return pipe, and thick shower water collector (6) is connected with middle water disposed slot (13) by water pipe;
Described middle water disposed slot (13) bottom land is funnel type, bottom is provided with sewage draining exit for discharging silt, middle water disposed slot (13) water inlet and water outlet are equipped with filter screen (16), and water pump (17) is installed on cell body side and is connected with elutriation groove (2) by water pipe.
CN201510979646.3A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 A kind of segmentation water-sprinkling wheat washer Active CN105396637B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107952503A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-04-24 百奥森(江苏)食品安全科技有限公司 A kind of Cirulation type grain washing device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2952049A1 (en) * 1979-01-04 1980-07-17 Fortschritt Veb K Crop spraying and pretreatment process - achieves equilibrium of wetting and diffusion using program considering temp. of spray and crop quality
JPH08117621A (en) * 1994-10-20 1996-05-14 Tokico Ltd Rice washing device
CN102794207A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-28 高亚卫 Grain cleaning machine
CN202590838U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-12-12 河北苹乐面粉机械集团有限公司 Wheat washer capable of feeding from bottom
CN104759306A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-08 盐城工学院 Small-size mixed rinsing wheat washer
CN204544270U (en) * 2015-03-16 2015-08-12 盐城工学院 A kind of water saving wheat washer
CN205236027U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 盐城工学院 Segmentation water sprays wheat washer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2952049A1 (en) * 1979-01-04 1980-07-17 Fortschritt Veb K Crop spraying and pretreatment process - achieves equilibrium of wetting and diffusion using program considering temp. of spray and crop quality
JPH08117621A (en) * 1994-10-20 1996-05-14 Tokico Ltd Rice washing device
CN102794207A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-28 高亚卫 Grain cleaning machine
CN202590838U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-12-12 河北苹乐面粉机械集团有限公司 Wheat washer capable of feeding from bottom
CN204544270U (en) * 2015-03-16 2015-08-12 盐城工学院 A kind of water saving wheat washer
CN104759306A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-08 盐城工学院 Small-size mixed rinsing wheat washer
CN205236027U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 盐城工学院 Segmentation water sprays wheat washer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107952503A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-04-24 百奥森(江苏)食品安全科技有限公司 A kind of Cirulation type grain washing device

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