CN105393746A - Coix lacryma intensive seedling growing method - Google Patents

Coix lacryma intensive seedling growing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105393746A
CN105393746A CN201510705611.0A CN201510705611A CN105393746A CN 105393746 A CN105393746 A CN 105393746A CN 201510705611 A CN201510705611 A CN 201510705611A CN 105393746 A CN105393746 A CN 105393746A
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China
Prior art keywords
transplanting
tears
job
sowing
seedling
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Pending
Application number
CN201510705611.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李祥栋
石明
潘虹
陆秀娟
魏心元
陈光能
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Guizhou Southwest Karst Area Development Institute
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Guizhou Southwest Karst Area Development Institute
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Priority to CN201510705611.0A priority Critical patent/CN105393746A/en
Publication of CN105393746A publication Critical patent/CN105393746A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a coix lacryma intensive seedling growing method, comprising the following steps: selecting land and preparing land; processing seeds; controlling to sow 30-40 days before transplanting, sowing quantity being 30-35 kg/mu; applying pure nitrogen 10-15 kg/mu, P2O5 5-10 kg/mu, K2O 10-15 kg/mu as base fertilizer; watering after sowing, to keep a seedbed wet, after sowing, using polyethylene films to cover; uncovering the films after seedlings are exposed out of ground and grow to 1-2 cm, in 4-6 leaf period, transplanting with soil; about 7 days before transplanting, spraying 50-200 mg/L paclobutrazol solution, and applying urea in amount of 10-20 kg/mu as marrying fertilizer before transplanting to make seedlings strong. The method can shorten seedling growing period and obtain high-quality seedlings, and the method is suitable for large-area popularization.

Description

A kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to cultivation method field.Relate to a kind of intensive seedling production method of Job's tears.
Background technology
Job's tears ( coixlachryma-jobil.) for Coix ( coixl.) cereal crop, one of medicinal plant that Ye Shi China area under cultivation is larger.For a long time, Job's tears, as the little ancestor of one " fine strain of millet medicine " crop, is withdrawn to gradually as semi-wild state.In recent years, along with the lifting of health of people theory and the iterative method of agricultural restructuring, take Job's tears as little ancestor's coarse cereals of representative, the development of Chinese Medicine Industry is also in the ascendant.At present, the traditional cultivation pattern of " seed sowing method " is continued to use in the plantation about Job's tears substantially, its regularity of emerging, seedling quality, and the impact by the factor such as kind, environment is comparatively large, and Job's tears output integral level is not high, quality is unstable.Method for culturing and transplanting seedlings is for solution contradiction in large late autumn, drought resisting (or cold) early sowing and strive for season, solution emerge uneven, seedling quality is low etc., and problem quite has superiority, be widely used in the planting process such as paddy rice, vegetables; But Job's tears method is in this regard still deficient.Therefore, be necessary to set up its intensive seedling production method, for the standardized planting supplying method of Job's tears supports.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly can shorten growing-seedling period and obtain high-quality rice shoot, be suitable for the intensive seedling production method of the Job's tears of spread.
The intensive seedling production method of a kind of Job's tears of the present invention, comprises step as follows:
(1) selection of land is with whole: choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is more homogeneous, and soil property with loam or clay as well.Adopt machine or manually plough deeply 20 ~ 25cm, leveling rake carefully, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded;
(2) seed treatment: choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 0.4% ~ 1% of seed weight;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: control sowing in 30 ~ 40 days before transplanting, sowing quantity 30 ~ 35kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 10 ~ 30 mu; Use purity nitrogen 10 ~ 15kg/ mu (amounting to urea 21.6 ~ 32.3kg/ mu of nitrogen content 46.4%), P 2o 55 ~ 10kg/ mu (amounts to P 2o 5content 12% superphosphate 41.7 ~ 83.3kg/ mu), K 2o10 ~ 15kg/ mu (amounts to K 2potassium chloride 16.7 ~ 25.0kg/ mu of O content 60%) make base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and after planting carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film;
(4) field management and transplanting: take off film when seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, 4 ~ 6 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting; In transplanting first about 7 days, spray 50 ~ 200mg/L paclobutrazol (PP 333) solution, and the urea of compounding application 10 ~ 20kg/ mu consumption (mass fraction of N is 46.4%) carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: the consumption of disinfectant is preferably 0.5% of seed quality.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: nursery sowing quantity is 35kg/ mu, transplants area 15 mu for every mu.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: the base fertilizer of seeding and seedling raising is: purity nitrogen 15kg/ mu, P 2o 510kg/ mu, K 2o15kg/ mu.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: treat that seedling grew to for 6 leaf phases and transplants.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: fertilizer of getting married (urea of nitrogen content 46.4%) consumption is 20kg/ mu.
A kind of described Job's tears intensive seedling production method, wherein: before transplanting, spray paclobutrazol (PP 333) concentration of solution is 150mg/L.
The present invention compared with prior art, there is obvious beneficial effect, as can be known from the above technical solutions:. seedling technology strengthened by the present invention's integrated seedbed nursery, control fertilising and plant growth regulator, Job's tears seed germination and seedling growth are are effectively regulated and controled, can growing-seedling period be shortened and obtain high-quality rice shoot, being applicable to the plantation application of large area Job's tears recommended variety.
Embodiment
Beneficial effect of the present invention is further illustrated below by test example and embodiment.
embodiment 1
An intensive seedling production method for Job's tears, comprises step as follows:
Choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is more homogeneous, soil property with loam or clay as well.Adopt machine or manually plough deeply about 25cm, leveling rake carefully, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded.Choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 0.4% of seed weight; In transplanting sowing in first 30 ~ 40 days, sowing quantity 30kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 10 mu; Use purity nitrogen 10kg/ mu, P 2o 55kg/ mu, K 2o10kg/ mu makees base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film.When seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, take off film, 4 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting, in transplanting first 7 days, sprayed 50mg/mL paclobutrazol (PP 333), and the urea of compounding application 10kg/ mu consumption (N content is 46.4%) carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
According to soil moisture content between nursery stage, regularly water, to keep seedbed moistening, can transplant after seedling.
embodiment 2
An intensive seedling production method for Job's tears, comprises step as follows:
Choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is more homogeneous, soil property with loam or clay as well.Adopt machine or manually plough deeply about 20cm, leveling rake carefully, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded.Choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 0.5% of seed weight.In transplanting sowing in first 30 ~ 40 days, sowing quantity 30kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 10 mu; Use purity nitrogen 15kg/ mu, P 2o 510kg/ mu, K 2o15kg/ mu makees base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film.When seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, take off film, 5 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting, in transplanting first about 7 days, sprayed 100mg/mL paclobutrazol (PP 333), and the urea of compounding application 20kg/ mu consumption (N content is 46.4%) carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
According to soil moisture content between nursery stage, regularly water, to keep seedbed moistening, can transplant after seedling.
embodiment 3
An intensive seedling production method for Job's tears, comprises step as follows:
Choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is more homogeneous, soil property with loam or clay as well.Adopt machine or manually plough deeply about 25cm, leveling rake carefully, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded.Choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 1% of seed weight; .In transplanting sowing in first 30 ~ 40 days, sowing quantity 35kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 15 mu; Use purity nitrogen 15kg/ mu, P 2o 510kg/ mu, K 2o15kg/ mu makees base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film.When seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, take off film, 6 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting, in transplanting first about 7 days, sprayed 150mg/mL paclobutrazol (PP 333), and the urea of compounding application 20kg/ mu consumption (N content is 46.4%) carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
According to soil moisture content between nursery stage, regularly water, to keep seedbed moistening, can transplant after seedling.
embodiment 4
An intensive seedling production method for Job's tears, comprises step as follows:
Choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is more homogeneous, soil property with loam or clay as well.Adopt machine or manually plough deeply about 25cm, leveling rake carefully, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded.Choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 1% of seed weight.In transplanting sowing in first 30 ~ 40 days, sowing quantity 35kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 15 mu; Use purity nitrogen 15kg/ mu, P 2o 510kg/ mu, K 2o15kg/ mu makees base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film.When seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, take off film, 6 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting; In transplanting first about 7 days, spray 200mg/mL paclobutrazol (PP 333), and the urea of compounding application 20kg/ mu consumption carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
According to soil moisture content between nursery stage, regularly water, to keep seedbed moistening, can transplant after seedling.
test example
Adopting method provided by the present invention, investigating the seedling-growing-up effect (table 1) of the paclobutrazol solution of variable concentrations with the rice shoot of direct sowing method for contrasting (CK).Compared with the control, height of seedling, the stem of embodiment 1 ~ 4 are thick, biomass, root are heavy, Aboveground Biomass of Young increases all to some extent, and its range of variation is respectively 8.40 ~ 13.93cm, 3.68 ~ 5.07cm, 0.33 ~ 0.65g, 0.35 ~ 0.61g, 1.31 ~ 2.70g; And root/shoot ratio is between 0.22 ~ 0.46, illustrate that paclobutrazol can make Job's tears seedling stem stalk sturdy, promote that the dry matter of plant transforms and accumulation, seedling-growing-up effect is better.

Claims (7)

1. an intensive seedling production method for Job's tears, comprises step as follows:
(1) selection of land and whole: choose the plot that physical features is smooth, soil fertility is homogeneous, soil property is loam or clay, and plough deeply 20 ~ 25cm, leveling rake is thin, do the seedbed of wide 1.0 ~ 1.5m, the high 10 ~ 15cm in seedbed, has dug drainage ditch, ensures that draining is unimpeded;
(2) seed treatment: choose full seed, clean seed, with the carbendazol wettable powder seed dressing sterilization of 80% before sowing, disinfectant consumption is 0.4% ~ 1% of seed weight;
(3) seeding and seedling raising: control sowing in 30 ~ 40 days before transplanting, sowing quantity 30 ~ 35kg/ mu, the transplanting area of every mu of rice shoot is 10 ~ 30 mu; Use purity nitrogen 10 ~ 15kg/ mu, P 2o 55 ~ 10kg/ mu, K 2o10 ~ 15kg/ mu makees base fertilizer; After planting water, to keep, seedbed is moistening is advisable, and after planting carries out overlay film with polyethylene ground film;
(4) field management and transplanting: take off film when seedling bassets and grows to 1 ~ 2cm, 4 ~ 6 leaf phases carried out balled transplanting; In transplanting first about 7 days, spray 50 ~ 200mg/L paclobutrazol (PP 333) solution, and the urea of compounding application 10 ~ 20kg/ mu consumption (mass fraction of N is 46.4%) carries out strong sprout as the fertilizer of getting married before transplanting.
2. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the consumption of disinfectant is 0.5% of seed quality.
3. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: nursery sowing quantity is 35kg/ mu, transplants area 15 mu for every mu.
4. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the base fertilizer of seeding and seedling raising is: purity nitrogen 15kg/ mu, P 2o 510kg/ mu, K 2o15kg/ mu.
5. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: treat that seedling grew to for 6 leaf phases and transplants.
6. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: fertilizer of getting married (urea of nitrogen content 46.4%) consumption is 20kg/ mu.
7. a kind of Job's tears intensive seedling production method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: before transplanting, spray paclobutrazol (PP 333) concentration of solution is 150mg/L.
CN201510705611.0A 2015-10-27 2015-10-27 Coix lacryma intensive seedling growing method Pending CN105393746A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106577707A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 富源县农业技术推广中心 Coix seed coating agent, coated coix seed, and preparation method thereof
CN108739186A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-06 浙江康莱特药业有限公司 A kind of rice field-upland field rotation implantation methods of Job's tears and corydalis tuber
CN109845600A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-06-07 安徽省农业科学院棉花研究所 A kind of standardization dry rice seedling method of high mountain coix lacryma-jobi
CN110547108A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-10 贵州黔西南喀斯特区域发展研究院 Method for reducing germination amount of camellia oleifera grafting rootstock

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103416194A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-04 王运海 Planting method of coix
CN104206134A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-12-17 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 Planting method of high-yield coix lacryma-jobi
CN104285633A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-01-21 广西大学 Coix lacryma-jobi summer-seeding planting method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416194A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-04 王运海 Planting method of coix
CN104206134A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-12-17 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 Planting method of high-yield coix lacryma-jobi
CN104285633A (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-01-21 广西大学 Coix lacryma-jobi summer-seeding planting method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106577707A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-04-26 富源县农业技术推广中心 Coix seed coating agent, coated coix seed, and preparation method thereof
CN108739186A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-06 浙江康莱特药业有限公司 A kind of rice field-upland field rotation implantation methods of Job's tears and corydalis tuber
CN109845600A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-06-07 安徽省农业科学院棉花研究所 A kind of standardization dry rice seedling method of high mountain coix lacryma-jobi
CN110547108A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-10 贵州黔西南喀斯特区域发展研究院 Method for reducing germination amount of camellia oleifera grafting rootstock

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