CN105388541A - Meteorological monitoring system having self-detection function - Google Patents

Meteorological monitoring system having self-detection function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105388541A
CN105388541A CN201510959704.6A CN201510959704A CN105388541A CN 105388541 A CN105388541 A CN 105388541A CN 201510959704 A CN201510959704 A CN 201510959704A CN 105388541 A CN105388541 A CN 105388541A
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China
Prior art keywords
module
resistance
electric capacity
meteorological
sensor
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Pending
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CN201510959704.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
禹胜林
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Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Nuist Weather Sensor Network Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510959704.6A priority Critical patent/CN105388541A/en
Publication of CN105388541A publication Critical patent/CN105388541A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01WMETEOROLOGY
    • G01W1/00Meteorology
    • G01W1/02Instruments for indicating weather conditions by measuring two or more variables, e.g. humidity, pressure, temperature, cloud cover, wind speed
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01WMETEOROLOGY
    • G01W1/00Meteorology
    • G01W1/18Testing or calibrating meteorological apparatus

Abstract

The invention discloses a meteorological monitoring system having a self-detection function and belongs to the technical field of a meteorological monitoring system. The meteorological monitoring system comprises a meteorological sensor module, a detection module, a central processing module and an early warning module, which are connected in sequence. The detection module comprises a first resistor, a second resistor, a third resistor, a first capacitor, a second capacitor and a triode. The meteorological monitoring system can detect whether the circuit module in the system is connected abnormally, enhances maintainability of the system and improves accuracy of the meteorological monitoring system.

Description

A kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function, belong to weather monitoring system technical field.
Background technology
Inclement weather phenomenon can affect express way driving safety, very easily causes the generation of traffic hazard.Capricious weather not only can bring hidden danger to traffic safety, also can affect the aspects such as agricultural production, forest protection, power grid security simultaneously.Therefore, Real-Time Monitoring collection is carried out to weather information, and the Monitoring Data collected is analyzed and judges, before some disaster arrives, carry out preventive measure, just seem particularly important.
Application number is 201320262226.X, the applying date is that the utility model on May 15th, 2013 discloses a kind of vehicle-mounted weather monitoring system based on Zigbee, comprise microprocessor module, monitoring terminal, supply module, wind speed Acquisition Circuit, wind direction Acquisition Circuit, temperature collection circuit, humidity collection circuit, air pressure acquisition circuit, quantity of precipitation Acquisition Circuit, visibility Acquisition Circuit, one Zigbee wireless communication line and the 2nd Zigbee wireless communication line, one end of one Zigbee wireless communication line and microprocessor module signal output part wired connection, one end wireless connections of the other end and the 2nd Zigbee wireless communication line, the other end of the 2nd Zigbee wireless communication line and monitoring terminal wired connection.This utility model adopts the ZigBee communication of low-power consumption, low cost, low complex degree, limited space onboard, without the need to wiring, easy for installation, and adopts solar energy photovoltaic panel cooperated power supply, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, have a good application prospect.
Application number is 201310141075.7, the applying date is that the application for a patent for invention on April 23rd, 2013 discloses a kind of weather monitoring system, relate to weather monitoring device technical field, comprise the data acquisition unit for gathering all kinds of detecting device, the signal transacting that detecting device obtains by described data acquisition unit is sent to command centre station by communication apparatus, described data acquisition unit adopts Alternating Current Power Supply and intelligent accummulator to power two kinds of modes, described data acquisition unit is connected to rainfall snowfall detecting device by RS485 interface, visibility detecting device, Temperature and Humidity device, wind direction and wind velocity detecting device and infrared remote sensing road surface thermal detector, to sand and dust on highway, mist, visibility parameter, pavement temperature, wind direction and wind velocity, moisture conditions key element carries out Data acquisition and issuance, then analysis result is uploaded to command centre station to realize monitoring in real time on-site actual situations.This invention test item is complete, can to mist, sand and dust, and visibility parameter, pavement temperature, wind direction and wind velocity, moisture conditions key element detects in real time.
Application number is 201410449627.5, and the applying date is that the application for a patent for invention on September 4th, 2014 discloses a kind of comprehensive monitoring early warning system based on meteorological and power grid GIS and method, comprising: data Layer and application layer; Data Layer comprises: meteorogical phenomena database, power grid GIS database, production and management data storehouse; Application layer comprises: weather monitoring module, weather warning module, electrical network meteorological module, information display module and aid decision making module.The intercommunication in meteorogical phenomena database, power grid GIS database, production and management data storehouse; The meteorological module of weather monitoring module, weather warning module, electrical network, information display module communicate with management data storehouse with meteorogical phenomena database, power grid GIS database or production respectively with aid decision making module.This invention can grasp the weather monitoring information such as temperature, wind direction, wind speed of the important power equipments such as transformer station, defeated modified line road, shaft tower in real time, for electrical network provides meteorological real time data intuitively, provide following 7 days by forecast in 12 hours and the disaster early-warning information such as typhoon, thunder and lightning simultaneously.
Current weather monitoring system mainly stresses gather various weather information and provide early warning information, but when weather condition is severe, circuit module in monitoring system is due to Long-Time Service, and surrounding environment is severe, be easy to the situation occurring model calling exception, be easy to the effect affecting weather monitoring system like this, even occur the weather information of monitoring modular collection do not transfer out and weather monitoring system still use situation.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the present invention proposes a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function, whether can connect exception by circuit module in detection system, and export information when occurring connecting abnormal, enhance the maintainability of system, improve the accuracy of weather monitoring system.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme for solving its technical matters:
With a weather monitoring system for self-checking function, comprise the meteorological sensor module, the detection module that are linked in sequence, central processing module and warning module;
Described meteorological sensor module, for gathering the weather information needing monitoring;
Described detection module, whether abnormal for the connection detecting meteorological sensor module and central processing module;
Described central processing module, carries out analyzing and processing for the weather information that will receive, and draws and whether certain meteorological disaster can occur;
Described warning module, for issuing type and the disaster degree of meteorological disaster;
Described detection module comprises the first resistance, the second resistance, the 3rd resistance, the first electric capacity, the second electric capacity and triode; The first end of described first resistance is connected to meteorological sensor module, and the second end of described first resistance is connected with the first end of the first end of the second resistance, the first electric capacity and the first end of the second electric capacity; Second end ground connection of the second end of described second resistance, the second end of the first electric capacity and the second electric capacity; The base stage of described triode is connected with the first end of the second electric capacity, the emitter grounding of described triode, and the collector of described triode is connected with the first end of the 3rd resistance, and the second end of described 3rd resistance is connected to central processing module.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described meteorological sensor module comprises sleet sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer and wind transducer.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described temperature sensor is thermopair.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described air velocity transducer is ultrasonic wind speed sensor.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: the weather monitoring system with self-checking function also includes lightning-protection module, described lightning-protection module and meteorological sensor model calling.
A kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function of the present invention, adopts above technical scheme compared with prior art, has following technique effect:
1, be provided with detection module in weather monitoring system of the present invention, whether can connect exception by circuit module in detection system, and export information when occurring connecting abnormal, enhance the maintainability of system.
2, be provided with lightning-protection module in weather monitoring system of the present invention, can steady in a long-termly under various rugged environment run, and the data reliability gathered be high.
3, the present invention can realize the issue of the full-automatic collection of weather information, transmission, monitoring and early warning information, can unmanned for a long time, has the intellectuality of height.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the present invention with the weather monitoring system of self-checking function.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of detection module of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention is described in further details.
A kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function as shown in Figure 1, comprises the meteorological sensor module, the detection module that are linked in sequence, central processing module and warning module;
Described meteorological sensor module, for gathering the weather information needing monitoring;
Described detection module, whether abnormal for the connection detecting meteorological sensor module and central processing module;
Described central processing module, carries out analyzing and processing for the weather information that will receive, and draws and whether certain meteorological disaster can occur;
Described warning module, for issuing type and the disaster degree of meteorological disaster;
Described detection module as shown in Figure 2, comprises the first resistance, the second resistance, the 3rd resistance, the first electric capacity, the second electric capacity and triode; The first end of described first resistance is connected to meteorological sensor module, and the second end of described first resistance is connected with the first end of the first end of the second resistance, the first electric capacity and the first end of the second electric capacity; Second end ground connection of the second end of described second resistance, the second end of the first electric capacity and the second electric capacity; The base stage of described triode is connected with the first end of the second electric capacity, the emitter grounding of described triode, and the collector of described triode is connected with the first end of the 3rd resistance, and the second end of described 3rd resistance is connected to central processing module.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described meteorological sensor module comprises sleet sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer and wind transducer.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described temperature sensor is thermopair.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: described air velocity transducer is ultrasonic wind speed sensor.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention: the weather monitoring system with self-checking function also includes lightning-protection module, described lightning-protection module and meteorological sensor model calling.
In weather monitoring system of the present invention, temperature sensor is thermopair.Thermopair is made up of the metal wire of two different materials, welds together at end.Measure the environment temperature not heating position again, just accurately can know the temperature of hot spot.Because it must have the conductor of two kinds of unlike materials, so be referred to as thermopair.The thermopair that unlike material is made is used in different temperature ranges, and their sensitivity is also different.When the sensitivity of thermopair refers to hot spot temperature variation 1 DEG C, the variable quantity of output potential difference.Thermoelectricity for most metals materials for support is sayed occasionally, this numerical value greatly about 5 ~ 40 microvolts/DEG C between.
Because the sensitivity of thermocouple temperature sensor and the thickness of material have nothing to do, also temperature sensor can be made with very thin material.Also the metal material owing to making thermopair has good ductility, and this trickle temperature element has high response speed, can measure fast-changing process.Thermopair is temperature sensor the most frequently used in temperature survey.Its key benefit be wide temperature range and adapt to various atmospheric environment, and solid, valency is low, without the need to power supply, be also the most cheap.Thermopair is made up of the two different metal lines at one end connected (metal A and metal B), when thermopair one end is heated, just has electric potential difference in thermocouple circuit.The electric potential difference of measurements available carrys out accounting temperature.
In weather monitoring system of the present invention, air velocity transducer is ultrasonic wind speed sensor.Ultrasonic wind speed sensor utilizes ultrasound wave time difference method to realize the measurement of wind speed.The aerial velocity of propagation of sound, can and wind direction on gas velocity superpose.If hyperacoustic direction of propagation is identical with wind direction, its speed can be accelerated; Otherwise if if hyperacoustic direction of propagation is contrary with wind direction, its speed can be slack-off.Therefore, under fixing testing conditions, the speed that ultrasound wave is propagated in atmosphere can be corresponding with function of wind speed.Accurate wind speed and direction can be obtained by calculating.
Adopt sleet sensor to detect on highway in weather monitoring module of the present invention whether to rain, snow.Sleet sensor utilizes the conductive characteristic of rainwater, adopts advanced testing circuit, detects whether have sleet.Sleet sensor adopts surperficial grid electrode to respond to extraneous sleet situation, inner adopts import intelligent microprocessor, is quick on the draw, measuring accuracy is high.Built-in automatic heating device can get rid of the interference of sleet attachment, the normal operation of safeguards system.Output be one group often open, one group of normally closed switch signal, conveniently install and use.Sleet sensor can be widely used in the sleet in the fields such as meteorology, ocean, environment, airport, harbour, laboratory, industrial or agricultural and traffic with or without observational measurement.Have the following advantages: 1, precision is high, input line resistance is high, good stability.2, volume is little, easy for installation.3, transmission range is long, and antijamming capability is strong.4, reasonable in design, long service life.5, good airproof performance.
Embodiment one:
Described detection module comprises the first resistance R1, the second resistance R2, the 3rd resistance R3, the first electric capacity C1, the second electric capacity C2 and triode Q1; The resistance size of described first resistance R1 is 10 kilo-ohms, the resistance size of described second resistance R2 is 20 kilo-ohms, the resistance size of described 3rd resistance R3 is 10 kilo-ohms, and the amount of capacity of described first electric capacity C1 is 0.1 microfarad, and the amount of capacity of described second electric capacity C2 is 100 microfarads.Described triode Q1 can adopt S9013 triode.The first end of described first resistance R1 is connected to meteorological sensor module, and second end of described first resistance R1 is connected with the first end of the first end of the second resistance R2, the first electric capacity C1 and the first end of the second electric capacity C2; The second end ground connection of second end of described second resistance R2, second end of the first electric capacity C1 and the second electric capacity C2; The base stage of described triode Q1 is connected with the first end of the second electric capacity C2, the emitter grounding of described triode Q1, and the collector of described triode Q1 is connected with the first end of the 3rd resistance R3, and second end of described 3rd resistance R3 is connected to central processing module.
Be provided with detection module in weather monitoring system of the present invention, whether can connect exception by circuit module in detection system, and export information when occurring connecting abnormal, enhance the maintainability of system.Be provided with lightning-protection module in weather monitoring system of the present invention, can steady in a long-termly under various rugged environment run, and the data reliability gathered be high.The present invention can realize the issue of the full-automatic collection of weather information, transmission, monitoring and early warning information, can unmanned for a long time, has the intellectuality of height.
Above embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, can also makes a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from present inventive concept.

Claims (5)

1. with a weather monitoring system for self-checking function, it is characterized in that, comprise the meteorological sensor module, the detection module that are linked in sequence, central processing module and warning module;
Described meteorological sensor module, for gathering the weather information needing monitoring;
Described detection module, whether abnormal for the connection detecting meteorological sensor module and central processing module;
Described central processing module, carries out analyzing and processing for the weather information that will receive, and draws and whether certain meteorological disaster can occur;
Described warning module, for issuing type and the disaster degree of meteorological disaster;
Described detection module comprises the first resistance, the second resistance, the 3rd resistance, the first electric capacity, the second electric capacity and triode; The first end of described first resistance is connected to meteorological sensor module, and the second end of described first resistance is connected with the first end of the first end of the second resistance, the first electric capacity and the first end of the second electric capacity; Second end ground connection of the second end of described second resistance, the second end of the first electric capacity and the second electric capacity; The base stage of described triode is connected with the first end of the second electric capacity, the emitter grounding of described triode, and the collector of described triode is connected with the first end of the 3rd resistance, and the second end of described 3rd resistance is connected to central processing module.
2. a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described meteorological sensor module comprises sleet sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, air velocity transducer and wind transducer.
3. a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described temperature sensor is thermopair.
4. a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described air velocity transducer is ultrasonic wind speed sensor.
5. a kind of weather monitoring system with self-checking function according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also include lightning-protection module, described lightning-protection module and meteorological sensor model calling.
CN201510959704.6A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Meteorological monitoring system having self-detection function Pending CN105388541A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101881842A (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-11-10 刘文祥 Network weather
CN201936154U (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-08-17 胡宪亮 Agriculture and forest climate monitoring system based on programmable logic controller (PLC) technique
CN202940852U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-05-15 江苏物联网研究发展中心 Meteorological monitoring system based on geographic information system
CN103197358A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-10 安徽中瑞电气技术有限公司 Meteorological monitoring system
CN203241552U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-10-16 滨海县气象局 ZigBee-based vehicle-mounted weather monitoring system
CN104951993A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-09-30 国网山东省电力公司应急管理中心 Comprehensive monitoring and early warning system based on meteorology and power grid GIS and method thereof
CN204758844U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-11 柳州师范高等专科学校 Meteorological monitoring alarm system based on transmission of long -range WIFI

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101881842A (en) * 2010-04-02 2010-11-10 刘文祥 Network weather
CN201936154U (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-08-17 胡宪亮 Agriculture and forest climate monitoring system based on programmable logic controller (PLC) technique
CN202940852U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-05-15 江苏物联网研究发展中心 Meteorological monitoring system based on geographic information system
CN103197358A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-10 安徽中瑞电气技术有限公司 Meteorological monitoring system
CN203241552U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-10-16 滨海县气象局 ZigBee-based vehicle-mounted weather monitoring system
CN104951993A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-09-30 国网山东省电力公司应急管理中心 Comprehensive monitoring and early warning system based on meteorology and power grid GIS and method thereof
CN204758844U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-11-11 柳州师范高等专科学校 Meteorological monitoring alarm system based on transmission of long -range WIFI

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