CN105383960A - Unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine - Google Patents

Unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105383960A
CN105383960A CN201510974915.7A CN201510974915A CN105383960A CN 105383960 A CN105383960 A CN 105383960A CN 201510974915 A CN201510974915 A CN 201510974915A CN 105383960 A CN105383960 A CN 105383960A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
driver
cab
helical
oil cylinder
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CN201510974915.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨仲
袁建明
王贡献
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武汉开锐海洋起重技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201510974915.7A priority Critical patent/CN105383960A/en
Publication of CN105383960A publication Critical patent/CN105383960A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/04Spreading out the materials conveyed over the whole surface to be loaded; Trimming heaps of loose materials
    • B65G69/0433Spreading out the materials conveyed over the whole surface to be loaded; Trimming heaps of loose materials with screw conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/04Bulk
    • B65G2201/042Granular material

Abstract

The invention relates to a unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine. The unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine comprises an anti-deviation device, a spiral material leveling and pushing mechanism, an arm support system, a driving cab device, a slewing mechanism, a running mechanism, a spiral regulating oil cylinder, an upper arm oil cylinder and a driving cab lifting oil cylinder, wherein a sensor connecting bracket of the anti-deviation device is fixedly connected to two sides of a spiral bracket; a lower arm connecting seat of the spiral material leveling and pushing mechanism is connected with the hinge point at the head of the lower arm of the arm support system; the hinge point at the tail of the upper arm of the arm support system is connected with the upper arm supporting seat of the slewing mechanism; the hinge point at the tail of the driving cab bracket of the driving cab device is connected with the supporting seat of the driving cab bracket of the slewing mechanism; the lower end surface of a slewing platform is connected with the upper end surface of a slewing bear of the running mechanism. The running mechanism walks on the ground, and the running speed is high. The material pushing capacity of the spiral material leveling and pushing mechanism is strong, and scanning type material leveling operation can be performed on a whole railway compartment in the length direction of a track. The unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine disclosed by the invention can adapt to various complex terrains without any auxiliary equipment, and has the characteristics of being good in material leveling effect, high in adaptability, safe and reliable and the like.

Description

A kind of monolateral folding-jib helical material machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction machinery and equipment, particularly relate to a kind of monolateral folding-jib helical material machine.
Background technology
Large bulk granular material such as coal, iron ore is the important raw and processed materials of China's economic development, railway transportation have benefited from its speed fast, by natural conditions restriction less, low cost and other advantages, become the topmost transportation mode of major bulks, particularly the construction of " band one tunnel " Asia, Europe and Africa's Transcontinental Railroad intercommunication, " transporting the coal in the North to the South " national strategy transport railway passage, will strengthen major bulks total volume of railway freight further.The train entrucking technique of bulk granular material mainly contains belt conveyor system and coordinates the entrucking of entrucking building, track-travelling wagon loader entrucking, mobile loader entrucking, loading platform to coordinate dumping car entrucking.Bulk granular material is the compound be made up of many shape differences, particulate matter not of uniform size, its physical property is between solid and liquid, most of characteristic that it does not possess solid has certain flowing power on the contrary, but its intrinsic shape also can be kept within the scope of certain condition not destroy, these attributes determine it can form accumulation in entrucking process in open-top car compartment simultaneously.No matter be entrucking building, the relatively uniform blanking of carloader or loader, dumping car is irregular stows, after entrucking, bulk granular material all can form not of uniform size, variform stockpile in open-top car compartment.
Under current entrucking technology, the existence of compartment square corner shape stockpile is inevitable.Fitfull solid accumulation can cause the unbalance loading in compartment, cause car body local overload, particularly along with train constantly raises speed, when bend crossed at a high speed by train, effect material due to centnifugal force is easily trickled down to outside compartment, cause loss of material and environmental pollution, also compartment can be caused to turn on one's side because of the centrifugal motion of car body unbalance loading and a large amount of material time serious, bring hidden danger to the safe operation of train.Therefore, before shipping must be in addition smooth to the stockpile in compartment, make that material is smooth in compartment, filling even.
But, the regularity of distribution of pointed shape stockpile in compartment has irregularity, as waveform distribution amesiality in cross section, box width direction or straggly in height in cross section, car length direction, this irregularity adds difficulty to the finishing operations of stockpile end face.At present, the flat material operation in most major bulks distribution centre mainly adopts artificial hand-held rake to carry out.During the last ten years, in order to change the operation of artificial flat material, this falls behind situation, has occurred that some mechanical flat material modes replace manual work, as transformed excavating machine, rotating sweeping through the material, hanging scraper plate scraper, vibrating roller pressure type etc.Artificial flat material efficiency is low, cost is high, operating environment is severe and the very large potential safety hazard of existence, other mechanical flat material modes due to the defect on self-technique, exist low, the flat material weak effect of flat material efficiency, operation cost high, to material variety and stockpile shape and Active workings bad adaptability, the problem such as complete machine degree of automation is low, safe reliability is low.
Except more above-mentioned flat material modes, there is the Special horizontal material mechanical equipment that two kinds of performances are more superior in recent years, namely Yang Zhong invention elevated rail line high-efficiency spiral close a position system (patent No.: 201210534225.6) and Yang Zhong invent a kind of flow-type helical material machine (patent No.: ZL201320852308.X).The elevated rail line high-efficiency spiral system of closing a position adopts the mode of operation of similar workshop crane in bridge type, and spiral machine of closing a position is walked on the high-altitude orbit supported by supporting door frame, above railway car, carry out leveling operation to the material in compartment.This equipment to be closed a position the walking movement of machine on supporting door mounted track by spiral, and in conjunction with self movement during train entrucking, can realize carrying out the operation of scan-type flat material along train rail direction to all compartments of entire train.The self-powered device of flow-type helical material machine is powered with the side board of railway carriage for track is directly walked on compartment, and helical materials device gos deep into carrying out high efficiency leveling operation to pointed shape stockpile in compartment.Helical material machine, by the walking on train side board with across railway carriage or compartment motion, can realize carrying out the operation of scan-type flat material along train rail direction to all compartments of entire train.These two kinds flat material equipment all utilize two groups to be arranged into left-hand screw that " one " font arranges, right-hand screw and the scraper plate being arranged on two groups of helical flank carry out combining flat material, have high, the flat material of flat material efficiency effective, to material variety with stockpile shape comformability is good, safe reliability advantages of higher.
But the elevated rail line high-efficiency spiral system of closing a position is only applicable to movable loading point and fixes, lead the occasion that car car pusher or train head tractor-trailer train are undertaken by movable loading point feeding successively, equipment is successively to being carried out the operation of flat material by the compartment installing material below it.Therefore, the maximum deficiency of this flat material mode is that operating area is fixed, and a set of equipment can only carry out the operation of flat material to a loading siding; In addition, the general frame floor area of this equipment is large, therefore needs railway both sides to have larger space.The advantage of flow-type helical material machine comprises: 1) rely on the power carried to walk on side board, move without the need to train; 2) equipment is flexibly small and exquisite, convenient mobile, and an equipment can flow to many loading sidings on stockyard and put down material operation; 3) equipment volume is little, is specially adapted to railway both sides space-constrained occasion.Therefore, the field of application of equipment is wider.But the deficiency of this kind of flat material equipment is: 1) equipment needs to walk on side board, and by the restriction of side board situation and load-carrying capacity and based on security consideration, require that equipment self-weight is light, kinematic velocity is low, pusher load is little, therefore the flat material efficiency of equipment is lower; 2), before equipment availability, need rise to train side board from ground, the equipment such as fork truck, wheel crane that must be equipped with lifts by crane, and increases difficulty and the operating cost of operation.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of monolateral folding-jib helical material machine, can along track side ground running, running velocity is fast, and pusher ability is strong, Various Complex landform can be adapted to, the operation of scan-type flat material can be carried out along train rail length direction to all compartments of entire train.Have that flat material is effective, efficiency is high, strong adaptability, the feature such as safe and reliable.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
The present invention includes anti-deflection device, helical material pusher, boom system, operator cabin device, swing type mechanism, traveling gear, spiral adjustment oil cylinder, big arm cylinder, driver's cab hoist cylinder.The sensor connection bracket of anti-deflection device is fixed in the helical mount both sides of helical material pusher; The forearm Connection Block of helical material pusher is connected with the forearm head hinge of boom system; The head of spiral adjustment oil cylinder adjusts oil cylinder Connection Block with the spiral of helical material pusher and is connected, and the spiral adjustment afterbody of oil cylinder adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat with the spiral of boom system and is connected; The large arm afterbody hinge of boom system is connected with the large arm supporting seat of swing type mechanism; The head of big arm cylinder is connected with the big arm cylinder adapter shaft of boom system, and the afterbody of big arm cylinder is connected with the big arm cylinder supporting seat of swing type mechanism; The driver's cab support afterbody hinge of operator cabin device is connected with the driver's cab stent support seat of swing type mechanism; The head of driver's cab hoist cylinder is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block, and the afterbody of driver's cab hoist cylinder is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat; The turn table lower surface of swing type mechanism is connected with the pivoting support upper surface of traveling gear.
By such scheme, described anti-deflection device comprises sensor connection bracket and contact pickup.Contact pickup is fixed on the end face of sensor connection bracket, and two sensor connection brackets are arranged symmetrically on helical mount two ends outermost end face along its length.
By such scheme, described helical material pusher comprises left-hand screw, right-hand screw, left-hand screw actuating device, right-hand screw actuating device, scraper plate, helical mount, forearm Connection Block, spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block.Left-hand screw, right-hand screw is arranged in helical mount bottom along end to end " one " font that is arranged into of helical mount length direction, left-hand screw actuating device, right-hand screw actuating device is arranged symmetrically in the left and right two ends of helical mount along top, box width direction respectively, scraper plate is connected to the side of helical mount along box width direction, length is slightly shorter than box width, forearm Connection Block is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in center, helical mount upper surface, its arranged direction is along helical mount length direction, spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed on the helical mount upper surface of left-hand screw side, its arranged direction is along helical mount length direction.
By such scheme, described boom system comprises large arm, large arm head support, large arm afterbody hinge, big arm cylinder adapter shaft, forearm, forearm head hinge, forearm afterbody hinge, oil cylinder of small arm, oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat, oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block, spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat.The large arm head support of large arm is connected with forearm afterbody hinge and forms the main body of boom system; Two big arm cylinder adapter shafts are fixed on the end face of the large arm left and right sides, and near large arm afterbody hinge, its arranged direction is perpendicular to large arm length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on large arm upper surface, near large arm head support, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm tail end face, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm short transverse; The head of oil cylinder of small arm is connected with oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block, and the afterbody of oil cylinder of small arm is connected with oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat; Spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm lengths direction; The afterbody of spiral adjustment oil cylinder adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat with spiral and is connected.
By such scheme, described operator cabin device comprises driver's cab, driver's cab base, driver's cab support, driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block.Driver's cab is connected on driver's cab base, and the afterbody of driver's cab base is connected with the head of driver's cab support; Driver's cab support is made up of upper bracket, lower bracket, and the head and the tail two ends of upper bracket, lower bracket are connected with driver's cab base respectively also and driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat connects to form parallelogram; Driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block is fixed on the upper bracket crossbeam of driver's cab support.
By such scheme, described swing type mechanism comprises turn table, large arm supporting seat, big arm cylinder supporting seat, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat, driver's cab stent support seat, turn table actuating device.Large arm supporting seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm length direction; Big arm cylinder supporting seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm length direction, and two groups of big arm cylinder supporting seats are arranged symmetrically with and line concentricity with large arm supporting seat; Driver's cab stent support seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm length direction; Driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm length direction, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat and the concentricity line of driver's cab stent support seat; The actuating device arranged off-centre of turn table is in turn table lower surface; The lower surface of turn table is connected with the upper surface of pivoting support.
By such scheme, described traveling gear adopts crawler type walking mechanism, and crawler type walking mechanism comprises walker, drive wheel, guide wheel, upper track wheel, caterpillar wheel, crawler belt, pivoting support.Walker is H type hard ware, and its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along walker length direction line of centers, and drive wheel and guide wheel are arranged on the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Multiple upper track wheel is arranged in the upper surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Multiple caterpillar wheel is evenly arranged in the lower surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Crawler belt is wrapped in the outermost of drive wheel, guide wheel, and the running orbit of its running orbit and drive wheel, guide wheel is tangent; The lower surface of pivoting support is connected with walker upper surface, and the upper surface of pivoting support is connected with turn table lower surface.
By such scheme, described traveling gear adopts rubber-tyred traveling gear, and rubber-tyred traveling gear comprises walking tire, wheel fixed end beam, wheel stand, pivoting support, wheel steering device, wheel steering drive device.Wheel stand is H type hard ware, its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along wheel stand length direction line of centers, the upper surface of two groups of wheel steering devices is connected with the lower surface of the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, the lower surface of wheel steering device is connected with the upper surface of wheel fixed end beam, walking tire is fixed on the below of wheel fixed end beam, wheel steering drive device is connected to the outside of wheel fixed end beam, the lower surface of pivoting support is connected with wheel stand upper surface, and the upper surface of pivoting support is connected with turn table lower surface.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: adopt crawler type walking mechanism or rubber-tyred traveling gear along track side ground running, the operation of scan-type flat material can be carried out to all compartments of entire train along train rail length direction, flexible and Various Complex landform can be adapted to, make the close a position range of use of system of its range of use more existing elevated rail line high-efficiency spiral widen more than 80%.Owing to adopting crawler type walking mechanism or rubber-tyred traveling gear at ground running, running velocity is fast and helical material pusher pusher ability is strong, and flat material efficiency comparatively flow-type helical material machine improves more than 2 times.Directly helical material pusher is risen to suitable flat material level by the boom system of self to put, easy to operate, without the need to any accessory equipment.Can realize carrying out the operation of flat material to the pointed shape stockpile of Arbitrary distribution in compartment, have that flat material is effective, strong adaptability, the feature such as safe and reliable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of helical material pusher of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the lateral plan of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of boom system of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the lateral plan of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of operator cabin device of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the lateral plan of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of swing type mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the lateral plan of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of crawler type walking mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the lateral plan of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of rubber-tyred traveling gear of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the lateral plan of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is operation schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 16 is the lateral plan of Figure 15.
In figure: 1, monolateral folding-jib helical material machine, 2, compartment, 3, anti-deflection device, 4, helical material pusher, 5, boom system, 6, operator cabin device, 7, swing type mechanism, 8, traveling gear, 9, spiral adjustment oil cylinder, 10, big arm cylinder, 11, driver's cab hoist cylinder, 12, sensor connection bracket, 13, contact pickup, 14, left-hand screw, 15, right-hand screw, 16, left-hand screw actuating device, 17, right-hand screw actuating device, 18, scraper plate, 19, helical mount, 20, forearm Connection Block, 21, spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block, 22, large arm, 23, large arm head support, 24, large arm afterbody hinge, 25, big arm cylinder adapter shaft, 26, forearm, 27, forearm head hinge, 28, forearm afterbody hinge, 29, oil cylinder of small arm, 30, oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat, 31, oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block, 32, spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat, 33, driver's cab, 34, driver's cab base, 35, driver's cab support, 36, upper bracket, 37, lower bracket, 38, driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block, 39, turn table, 40, large arm supporting seat, 41, big arm cylinder supporting seat, 42, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat, 43, driver's cab stent support seat, 44, turn table actuating device, 45, crawler type walking mechanism, 46, walker, 47, drive wheel, 48, guide wheel, 49, upper track wheel, 50, caterpillar wheel, 51, crawler belt, 52, pivoting support, 53, rubber-tyred traveling gear, 54, walking tire, 55, wheel fixed end beam, 56, wheel stand, 57, wheel steering device, 58, wheel steering drive device.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 comprises anti-deflection device 3, helical material pusher 4, boom system 5, operator cabin device 6, swing type mechanism 7, traveling gear 8, spiral adjustment oil cylinder 9, big arm cylinder 10, driver's cab hoist cylinder 11.The sensor connection bracket 12 of anti-deflection device 3 is fixed in helical mount 19 both sides of helical material pusher 4; The forearm Connection Block 20 of helical material pusher 4 is connected with the forearm head hinge 27 of boom system 5; The head of spiral adjustment oil cylinder 9 adjusts oil cylinder Connection Block 21 with the spiral of helical material pusher 4 and is connected, the spiral adjustment afterbody of oil cylinder 9 adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat 32 with the spiral of boom system 5 and is connected, helical material pusher 4 can be kept to remain level by the fore and aft motion of spiral adjustment oil cylinder 9, ensure that the operation of flat material completes material in trunk 2 smooth, even; The large arm afterbody hinge 24 of boom system 5 is connected with the large arm supporting seat 40 of swing type mechanism 7; The head of big arm cylinder 10 is connected with the big arm cylinder adapter shaft 25 of boom system 5, the afterbody of big arm cylinder 10 is connected with the big arm cylinder supporting seat 41 of swing type mechanism 7, can be regulated the angle of large arm 22 and turn table 39 upper surface by the fore and aft motion of big arm cylinder 10; The driver's cab support 35 afterbody hinge of operator cabin device 6 is connected with the driver's cab stent support seat 43 of swing type mechanism 7; The head of driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block 38, the afterbody of driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat 42, the adjustable height that can regulate operator cabin device 6 by the fore and aft motion of driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 and the amplitude leaned forward, make flat material driver have the good visual field; Pivoting support 51 upper surface of traveling gear 8 is connected with turn table 39 lower surface of swing type mechanism 7.
Anti-deflection device 3 comprises sensor connection bracket 12 and contact pickup 13.Contact pickup 13 is fixed on the end face of sensor connection bracket 12, and two sensor connection brackets 12 are arranged symmetrically on helical mount 19 two ends outermost end face along its length.Monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 requires that when flat material operation helical material pusher 4 is positioned in the middle of compartment 2 as far as possible, material sway when avoiding the 4 flat material operation of helical material pusher.Before the flat material operation of monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1, need first helical material pusher 4 to be positioned in compartment 2, the two ends outermost end face of helical mount 19 is all furnished with contact pickup 13, when being partial to one side, compartment 2 in helical material pusher 4 put procedure, this side contacts sensor 13 and compartment 2 side plane contact, contact pickup 13 sends signal, the prompting position of driver to helical material pusher 4 regulates, otherwise when helical material pusher 4 be positioned at compartment 2 middle time, the contact pickup 13 of both sides does not contact with compartment 2 side plate, contact pickup 13 does not work, when monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 carries out flat material operation along track length direction, when there is bend or traveling gear 8 sideslip, contact pickup 13 and compartment 2 side plane contact, contact pickup 13 sends signal, and the prompting position of driver to helical material pusher 4 regulates.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, helical material pusher 4 comprises left-hand screw 14, right-hand screw 15, left-hand screw actuating device 16, right-hand screw actuating device 17, scraper plate 18, helical mount 19, forearm Connection Block 20, spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block 21.The left-hand screws 14 that scantling of structure is identical, rotation direction is contrary such as length, external diameter and pitch and right-hand screw 15 are arranged in helical mount 19 bottom along end to end " one " font that is arranged into of helical mount 19 length direction, left-hand screw actuating device 16 and right-hand screw actuating device 17 are arranged symmetrically in the left and right two ends of helical mount 19 along Width top, compartment 2 respectively, and left-hand screw actuating device 16, right-hand screw actuating device 17 individually can drive the positive and negative bidirectional rotation of each self-corresponding spiral.Scraper plate 18 is connected to the side of helical mount 19 along compartment 2 Width, length is slightly shorter than compartment 2 width; forearm Connection Block 20 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools; be fixed in center, helical mount 19 upper surface; its arranged direction is parallel to helical mount 19 length direction; spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block 21 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools; be fixed in helical mount 19 upper surface of left-hand screw 14 side, its arranged direction is parallel to helical mount 19 length direction.When monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 carries out flat material operation, the forearm head hinge 27 of boom system 5 is connected with the forearm Connection Block 20 of helical material pusher 4, helical material pusher 4 is driven to move downward by the compound motion of boom system 5, the left-hand screw 14 of helical material pusher 4, the helicallobe of right-hand screw 15 inserts certain depth in material, according to the position of pointed shape stockpile in Width cross section, compartment 2, by two spirals just, positive and negative, anyway or anti-despining aggregate motion, order about material along screw shaft to unidirectional or way moving, material is flowed from high to lower along compartment 2 Width, realize the flat material operation along compartment 2 Width.During monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 direction along ng a path walking, drive the scraper plate 18 arranged along whole compartment 2 Width, promote material and flow from high to lower along compartment 2 length direction, realize the flat material operation along compartment 2 length direction.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, boom system 5 comprises large arm 22, large arm head support 23, large arm afterbody hinge 24, big arm cylinder adapter shaft 25, forearm 26, forearm head hinge 27, forearm afterbody hinge 28, oil cylinder of small arm 29, oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat 30, oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block 31, spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat 32.The large arm head support 23 of large arm 22 is connected with forearm afterbody hinge 28 and forms the main body of boom system 5; Two big arm cylinder adapter shafts 25 are fixed on the end face of large arm 22 left and right sides, and near large arm afterbody hinge 24, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat 30 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in large arm 22 upper surface, near large arm head support 23, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block 31 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm 26 tail end face, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm 26 short transverse; The head of oil cylinder of small arm 29 is connected with oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block 31, and the afterbody of oil cylinder of small arm 29 is connected with oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat 30; Spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat 32 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm 26 upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm 26 length direction; The afterbody of spiral adjustment oil cylinder 9 adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat 32 with spiral and is connected.Boom system 5 mainly contain two effects: a position being used to adjust helical material pusher 4, by the fore and aft motion of big arm cylinder 10 and oil cylinder of small arm 29, adjustment helical material pusher 4 arrives arbitrary height and any amplitude in compartment 2; Two is as metal construction transmitting tractive power, and when monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 direction along ng a path carries out flat material operation, traveling gear 8 draws helical material pusher 4 along the flat material operation along compartment 2 length direction by turn table 39, boom system 5.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, operator cabin device 6 comprises driver's cab 33, driver's cab base 34, driver's cab support 35, driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block 38, and driver's cab 33 is connected on driver's cab base 34; The afterbody of driver's cab base 34 is connected with the head of driver's cab support 35; Driver's cab support 35 is made up of upper bracket 36, lower bracket 37, the head and the tail two ends of upper bracket 36, lower bracket 37 are connected with driver's cab base 34 respectively also and driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat 42 connects to form parallelogram, driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 driver's cab base 34 in lifting process remains level, makes the driver's cab 33 on driver's cab base 34 steadily increase; Driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block 38 is fixed on upper bracket 36 crossbeam of driver's cab support 35.Monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 is when off working state, and driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 is in unloaded state, and driver's cab base 34 drops to the height of least significant end and earth surface; Monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 is when flat material mode of operation, and driver's cab hoist cylinder 11 adjusts amplitude and the height of driver's cab 33, for driver provides the good flat material operation visual field by fore and aft motion.
As shown in Figure 9, Figure 10, swing type mechanism 7 comprises turn table 39, large arm supporting seat 40, big arm cylinder supporting seat 41, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat 42, driver's cab stent support seat 43, turn table actuating device 44, large arm supporting seat 40 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in turn table 39 upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction; Big arm cylinder supporting seat 41 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in turn table 39 upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction, and two groups of big arm cylinder supporting seats 41 are arranged symmetrically with and line concentricity with large arm supporting seat 40; Driver's cab stent support seat 43 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table 39 upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction; Driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat 42 is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in turn table 39 upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm 22 length direction, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat 42 and the concentricity line of driver's cab stent support seat 43; Turn table actuating device 44 arranged off-centre is in turn table 39 lower surface; The lower surface of turn table 39 is connected with the upper surface of pivoting support 52.The effect of turn table 39 mainly adjusts the direction of boom system 5, and helical material pusher 4 is hinged and length direction is orthogonal with boom system 5, is changed the operative orientation of helical material pusher 4 by the length direction adjusting boom system 5.Monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 is when off working state, and the length direction of boom system 5 is parallel to the length direction of traveling gear 8 crawler belt 51, and the length direction of helical material pusher 4 is parallel to the length direction in compartment 2; Monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 is when flat material mode of operation, turn table actuating device 44 drives turn table 39 to rotate around the center of gyration line of pivoting support 51, make the length direction of boom system 5 perpendicular to the length direction of crawler belt 51, the length direction of helical material pusher 4 is parallel to the Width in compartment 2, is convenient to helical material pusher 4 and carries out the operation of flat material.
As Figure 11, shown in Figure 12, traveling gear 8 adopts crawler type walking mechanism 45, crawler type walking mechanism 45 comprises walker 46, drive wheel 47, guide wheel 48, upper track wheel 49, caterpillar wheel 50, crawler belt 51, pivoting support 52, walker (46) is H type hard ware, its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along walker (46) length direction line of centers, drive wheel 47 and guide wheel 48 are arranged on the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction, the power that drive wheel 47 provides monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 to walk as driving wheel is walked along track length direction, multiple upper track wheels 49 are arranged in the upper surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction, multiple caterpillar wheels 50 are evenly arranged in the lower surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction, and it is mainly used in the gross weight of bearing complete machine, crawler belt 51 is wrapped in the outermost of drive wheel 47, guide wheel 48, and the running orbit of its running orbit and drive wheel 47, guide wheel 48 is tangent, the lower surface of pivoting support 52 is connected with walker 46 upper surface, and the upper surface of pivoting support 52 is connected with turn table 39 lower surface.The Main Function of crawler type walking mechanism 45 has two: one to be helical material pusher 4 amplitude and highly no longer changing in flat material working process, when monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 sideslip or when meeting bent angle, regulate the direction of travel of complete machine by crawler type walking mechanism 45, the flat material level of the best that guarantee helical material pusher 4 structure is in compartment is put; Two is that traction helical material pusher 4 moves along compartment 2 length direction.
Embodiment two
Comprise anti-deflection device 3, helical material pusher 4, boom system 5, operator cabin device 6, swing type mechanism 7, traveling gear 8, spiral adjustment oil cylinder 9, big arm cylinder 10, driver's cab hoist cylinder 11.Except traveling gear 8, all the other structures are with embodiment one.
As shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, traveling gear 8 adopts rubber-tyred traveling gear 53, and rubber-tyred traveling gear 53 comprises walking tire 54, wheel fixed end beam 55, wheel stand 56, pivoting support 52, wheel steering device 57, wheel steering drive device 58.Wheel stand (56) is H type hard ware, its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along wheel stand (56) length direction line of centers, the upper surface of two groups of wheel steering devices 57 is connected with the lower surface of the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, the lower surface of wheel steering device 57 is connected with the upper surface of wheel fixed end beam 55, walking tire 54 is arranged in the below of wheel fixed end beam 55, four walking tires 54 are arranged symmetrically with and are driving wheel, freely can rotate around wheel steering device 57, wheel steering drive device 58 is connected to the outside of wheel fixed end beam 55, walking tire 54 steering power is provided, the lower surface of pivoting support 52 is connected with wheel stand 56 upper surface, the upper surface of pivoting support 52 is connected with turn table 39 lower surface.The Main Function of rubber-tyred traveling gear 53 has two: one to be helical material pusher 4 amplitude and highly no longer changing in flat material working process, when monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 sideslip or when meeting bent angle, regulate the direction of travel of complete machine by rubber-tyred traveling gear 53, ensure that the flat material level of the best that helical material pusher 4 is in compartment is put; Two is that traction helical material pusher 4 moves along compartment 2 length direction.
As Figure 15, shown in Figure 16, when monolateral folding-jib helical material machine 1 works, by large arm 22, the flat material level that the aggregate motion of forearm 26 makes the helical material pusher 4 being suspended on forearm head enter compartment 2 the best is put, large arm 22 before the flat material operation in this section compartment 2 completes, forearm 26 no longer moves, the engine installation carried drives traveling gear 8 along track side ground running, this engine installation also runs for electric drive helical material pusher 4 simultaneously, draw helical material pusher 4 by running gear 8 to move along compartment 2 length direction, high efficiency flat material operation is carried out to the pointed shape stockpile formed during entrucking, make material smooth in compartment 2, filling even, after this section compartment 2 operation completes, promoted under helical material pusher 4 enters train by the aggregate motion of boom system 5 and save compartment 2, repeat above-mentioned flat material action and complete flat material operation to permutation railway carriage 2.

Claims (8)

1. a monolateral folding-jib helical material machine, is characterized in that: comprise anti-deflection device (3), helical material pusher (4), boom system (5), operator cabin device (6), swing type mechanism (7), traveling gear (8), spiral adjustment oil cylinder (9), big arm cylinder (10), driver's cab hoist cylinder (11); The sensor connection bracket (12) of anti-deflection device (3) is fixed in helical mount (19) both sides of helical material pusher (4); The forearm Connection Block (20) of helical material pusher (4) is connected with the forearm head hinge (27) of boom system (5); The head of spiral adjustment oil cylinder (9) adjusts oil cylinder Connection Block (21) with the spiral of helical material pusher (4) and is connected, and the afterbody of spiral adjustment oil cylinder (9) adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat (32) with the spiral of boom system (5) and is connected; The large arm afterbody hinge (24) of boom system (5) is connected with the large arm supporting seat (40) of swing type mechanism (7); The head of big arm cylinder (10) is connected with the big arm cylinder adapter shaft (25) of boom system (5), and the afterbody of big arm cylinder (10) is connected with the big arm cylinder supporting seat (41) of swing type mechanism (7); Driver's cab support (35) the afterbody hinge of operator cabin device (6) is connected with the driver's cab stent support seat (43) of swing type mechanism (7); The head of driver's cab hoist cylinder (11) is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block (38), and the afterbody of driver's cab hoist cylinder (11) is connected with driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat (42); Turn table (39) lower surface of swing type mechanism (7) is connected with pivoting support (52) upper surface of traveling gear (8).
2. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described anti-deflection device (3) comprises sensor connection bracket (12) and contact pickup (13); Contact pickup (13) is fixed on the end face of sensor connection bracket (12), and two sensor connection brackets (12) are arranged symmetrically on helical mount (19) two ends outermost end face along its length.
3. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described helical material pusher (4) comprises left-hand screw (14), right-hand screw (15), left-hand screw actuating device (16), right-hand screw actuating device (17), scraper plate (18), helical mount (19), forearm Connection Block (20), spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block (21), left-hand screw (14), right-hand screw (15) is arranged in helical mount (19) bottom along end to end " one " font that is arranged into of helical mount (19) length direction, left-hand screw actuating device (16), right-hand screw actuating device (17) is arranged symmetrically in the left and right two ends of helical mount (19) along compartment (2) Width top respectively, scraper plate (18) is connected to the side of helical mount (19) along compartment (2) Width, length is slightly shorter than compartment (2) width, forearm Connection Block (20) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in helical mount (19) center, upper surface, its arranged direction is along helical mount (19) length direction, spiral adjustment oil cylinder Connection Block (21) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed on helical mount (19) upper surface of left-hand screw (14) side, its arranged direction is along helical mount (19) length direction.
4. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described boom system (5) comprises large arm (22), large arm head support (23), large arm afterbody hinge (24), big arm cylinder adapter shaft (25), forearm (26), forearm head hinge (27), forearm afterbody hinge (28), oil cylinder of small arm (29), oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat (30), oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block (31), spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat (32); The large arm head support (23) of large arm (22) is connected with forearm afterbody hinge (28) and forms the main body of boom system (5); Two big arm cylinder adapter shafts (25) are fixed on the end face of large arm (22) left and right sides, and near large arm afterbody hinge (24), its arranged direction is perpendicular to large arm (22) length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat (30) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed on large arm (22) upper surface, near large arm head support (23), its arranged direction is parallel to large arm (22) length direction; Oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block (31) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm (26) tail end face, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm (26) short transverse; The head of oil cylinder of small arm (29) is connected with oil cylinder of small arm Connection Block (31), and the afterbody of oil cylinder of small arm (29) is connected with oil cylinder of small arm supporting seat (30); Spiral adjustment oil cylinder supporting seat (32) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed on forearm (26) upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to forearm (26) length direction; The afterbody of spiral adjustment oil cylinder (9) adjusts oil cylinder supporting seat (32) with spiral and is connected.
5. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described operator cabin device (6) comprises driver's cab (33), driver's cab base (34), driver's cab support (35), driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block (38); Driver's cab (33) is connected on driver's cab base (34), and the afterbody of driver's cab base (34) is connected with the head of driver's cab support (35); Driver's cab support (35) is made up of upper bracket (36), lower bracket (37), and the head and the tail two ends of upper bracket (36), lower bracket (37) are connected with driver's cab base (34) respectively also and driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat (42) connects to form parallelogram; Driver's cab hoist cylinder Connection Block (38) is fixed on upper bracket (36) crossbeam of driver's cab support (35).
6. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described swing type mechanism (7) comprises turn table (39), large arm supporting seat (40), big arm cylinder supporting seat (41), driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat (42), driver's cab stent support seat (43), turn table actuating device (44); Large arm supporting seat (40) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table (39) upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm (22) length direction; Big arm cylinder supporting seat (41) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in turn table (39) upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm (22) length direction, two groups of big arm cylinder supporting seats (41) be arranged symmetrically with and with large arm supporting seat (40) concentricity line; Driver's cab stent support seat (43) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, and be fixed in turn table (39) upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm (22) length direction; Driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat (42) is at regular intervals and be arranged symmetrically with otic placode and form by two pieces of tools, be fixed in turn table (39) upper surface, its arranged direction is parallel to large arm (22) length direction, driver's cab hoist cylinder supporting seat (42) and driver's cab stent support seat (43) concentricity line; Turn table actuating device (44) arranged off-centre is in turn table (39) lower surface; The lower surface of turn table (39) is connected with the upper surface of pivoting support (52).
7. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described traveling gear (8) adopts crawler type walking mechanism (45), and crawler type walking mechanism (45) comprises walker (46), drive wheel (47), guide wheel (48), upper track wheel (49), caterpillar wheel (50), crawler belt (51), pivoting support (52); Walker (46) is H type hard ware, its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along walker (46) length direction line of centers, drive wheel (47) and guide wheel (48) are arranged on the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Multiple upper track wheel (49) is arranged in the upper surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Multiple caterpillar wheel (50) is evenly arranged in the lower surface of crossbeam, and its arranged direction is along crossbeam length direction; Crawler belt (51) is wrapped in the outermost of drive wheel (47), guide wheel (48), and the running orbit of its running orbit and drive wheel (47), guide wheel (48) is tangent; The lower surface of pivoting support (52) is connected with walker (46) upper surface, and the upper surface of pivoting support (52) is connected with turn table (39) lower surface.
8. monolateral folding-jib helical material machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described traveling gear (8) adopts rubber-tyred traveling gear (53), rubber-tyred traveling gear comprises walking tire (54), wheel fixed end beam (55), wheel stand (56), pivoting support (52), wheel steering device (57), wheel steering drive device (58), wheel stand (56) is H type hard ware, its both sides crossbeam is arranged symmetrically with along wheel stand (56) length direction line of centers, the upper surface of two groups of wheel steering devices (57) is connected with the lower surface of the rear and front end of crossbeam respectively, the lower surface of wheel steering device (57) is connected with the upper surface of wheel fixed end beam (55), walking tire (54) is fixed on the below of wheel fixed end beam (55), wheel steering drive device (58) is connected to the outside of wheel fixed end beam (55), the lower surface of pivoting support (52) is connected with wheel stand upper surface, the upper surface of pivoting support (52) is connected with turn table (39) lower surface.
CN201510974915.7A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 Unilateral arm-folding type spiral material leveling machine CN105383960A (en)

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CN108781787A (en) * 2018-08-03 2018-11-13 武汉轻工大学 A kind of mobile grain-levelling machine device people smooth for silo
CN109205348A (en) * 2018-08-14 2019-01-15 芜湖特滑移机械改装有限公司 A kind of flat material device of steel ball transport

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