CN105364470B - Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically - Google Patents

Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105364470B
CN105364470B CN201510862790.9A CN201510862790A CN105364470B CN 105364470 B CN105364470 B CN 105364470B CN 201510862790 A CN201510862790 A CN 201510862790A CN 105364470 B CN105364470 B CN 105364470B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
slideway
screw
screw rod
feed control
clamping
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510862790.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105364470A (en
Inventor
张少林
Original Assignee
深圳市威富多媒体有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by 深圳市威富多媒体有限公司 filed Critical 深圳市威富多媒体有限公司
Priority to CN201510862790.9A priority Critical patent/CN105364470B/en
Publication of CN105364470A publication Critical patent/CN105364470A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105364470B publication Critical patent/CN105364470B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines

Abstract

The present invention relates to the technical field of automation equipment, provide screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically, wherein screw feed control device includes slideway structure and gripping mechanism, the slideway structure is provided with the slideway passed through for single screw rod, and the gripping mechanism includes stretching in the slideway to limit or discharge the card-tight part of screw rod described in the slideway.The slideway set in the slideway structure of screw feed control device is only available for single screw rod to pass through, telescopic card-tight part is coordinated to limit the position of screw rod, it is set to be fixed in slideway or be skidded off from slip, to provide the feed of single screw rod, without manually screw rod is sorted out, reduce labor workload, reduce cost of labor, improve production efficiency.

Description

Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of automation equipment, more particularly to screw feed control device and wear screw rod automatically Machine.

Background technology

Automatically making screw rod robot is widely used in the automatic assembly line of electronics industry, such as:Mobile phone, hard disk, keyboard, electronics are played Tool, computer, DVD, household electrical appliances, plastic cement, electrical equipment, communication apparatus, electrical equipment, toy, electronics processing etc., or automobile screw rod assemble row automatically Industry, such as:Screw rod assembling etc. is played in the implementations such as motor, motor, parts automatically.

It is of the prior art to make screw rod robot automatically, have can conveying screw rod screw feed device, because screw rod enters Material device can not provide the feed of single screw rod, it is difficult to realize that screw rod with nut pay correspondingly by lock, it is necessary to by manually wearing The mode entered, screw rod is detected one by one and carries out lock pair with nut.Because screw rod quantity is more, this semi-manual lock, which pays technique, causes people The workload of work is very big, not only has higher cost of labor, and have impact on production efficiency.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide screw feed control device and automatically wear screw machine, it is intended to which solution is in the prior art Automatic screw rod robot of beating can not provide single screw rod feed, it is necessary to which the lock for realizing screw rod by manually penetrating pair, causes people The problem of power cost is high, low production efficiency.

The present invention is achieved in that screw feed control device, including slideway structure and gripping mechanism, the slideway knot Structure is provided with the slideway passed through for single screw rod, and the gripping mechanism includes stretching described to limit or discharge in the slideway The card-tight part of screw rod described in slideway.

Further, the gripping mechanism includes the first clamping structure, and first clamping structure includes flexible clamping institute The card adapter plate of screw rod side wall is stated, the card adapter plate forms the card-tight part.

Further, the card adapter plate is located at the plane where the slideway axis, and the slideway structure is provided with described in confession The chute that card adapter plate is slided, the chute are communicated to the slideway.

Further, the slideway structure includes the multilayer chute board being stacked, and each chute board is provided with slide opening, Each slide opening forms the slideway, and first clamping structure is arranged between any two adjacent chute boards, accordingly The chute board be provided with the chute.

Further, the first slide opening is offered on the chute board of the superiors, interior installation in first slide opening There is the flexible pipe for being easy to charging, the slideway is provided with flexible pipe junction is easy to the chamfering that the screw rod slips over.Further, it is described Gripping mechanism includes being arranged at the second clamping structure below the slideway structure, and second clamping structure includes flexible closing The baffle plate of the slideway lower ending opening, the baffle plate form the card-tight part.

Compared with prior art, the screw feed control device in the present invention, the slideway set in its slideway structure only may be used For single screw rod by coordinating telescopic card-tight part in gripping mechanism to limit the position of screw rod, it is fixed on slideway It is interior or skidded off out of slideway, to provide the feed of single screw rod, without manually sorting out screw rod, reduce manual working Amount, reduces cost of labor, improves production efficiency.

Screw machine is worn present invention also offers automatic, including screw feed device, screw rod direction screening plant and lock pay dress Put, in addition to the screw feed control device that right is above-mentioned, the screw feed control device are arranged at the screw rod direction sieve Screening device and the lock are paid between device.

Further, in addition to control system, the screw feed control are provided with for detecting whether the screw rod fills up Sensor, the sensor is communicated to the control system, and the screw feed device is controlled by the control system.

Further, in addition to frame, the frame are provided with screw feed device, screw rod direction screening plant, nut Vibrating disk, lock pay device and the mobile platform of device are paid for moving the lock.

Screw machine is worn automatically in the present invention, its screw feed control device can provide the feed of single screw rod, without Screw rod is sorted out by artificial, automaticity is high, and production efficiency is high.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of screw feed control device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the configuration schematic diagram of screw feed control device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the automatic structural representation for wearing screw machine provided in an embodiment of the present invention.

Embodiment

In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, it is right below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.

It is described in detail below in conjunction with realization of the specific accompanying drawing to the present embodiment.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, screw feed control device 3, including slideway structure 31 and clamping dress are provided in the present embodiment 32 are put, slideway structure 31, which has, is available for the slideway 314 that single screw rod passes through, and gripping mechanism 32 includes card-tight part, and card-tight part can contract Return or stretch into slideway 314 and limit screw slide.

After screw rod enters slideway 314, the extended limitation screw rod of card-tight part, it can not be slid off slideway 314.In nothing When need to be fed, card-tight part, which stretches out, keeps limitation screw rod state, screw rod is stayed in slideway 314;When needing feed, card-tight part is received Release screw rod is returned, screw rod skids off from slideway 314.Because slideway 314 can only allow single screw rod to pass through, so card-tight part is received every time Release is returned, only for single screw rod by the way that single screw rod feed can be provided for automatic screw machine of wearing, without manually by batch screw rod Detection feed one by one, reduces labor workload, reduces human cost, improve production efficiency.

Gripping mechanism 32 includes the first clamping structure 321, and the first clamping structure 321 includes telescopic card adapter plate 3211, Card adapter plate 3211 forms card-tight part.Its end is connected to the side wall of screw rod after card adapter plate 3211 is stretched out, and coordinates the side of slideway 314 Screw rod is fixedly clamped by wall, it is not slided.The 3211 specific stretch mode of card adapter plate of first clamping structure 321 can be by more Kind structure is realized, such as sets cylinder driving etc., specifically, high-speed double electromagnet card adapter plate is controlled by single-chip microcomputer in the present embodiment 3211 expanding-contracting action, inside can use the structures such as motor as driving power.

In order to improve the clamping force of card adapter plate 3211, card adapter plate 3211 is located at the plane where the axis of slideway 314, i.e. its end End is parallel with screw rod, is longitudinally connected in the side wall of screw rod.In order to not interfere the slip of card adapter plate 3211, slideway structure 31 is provided with The chute 3211 for being available for card adapter plate 3211 to slide, chute 3211 are communicated to slideway 314, and card adapter plate 3211 can be slided in chute 3211 It is dynamic to stretch into chute 3211 or withdraw.

Slideway structure 31 includes the multilayer chute board 311 being stacked, and slide opening 313, each cunning are provided with each chute board 311 Each slide opening 313 collectively forms slideway 314 after the stacking of guidance tape 311 is fixed.It is adjacent that first clamping structure 321 is arranged at any two Between chute board 311, chute 3211 is provided with corresponding chute board 311, the first clamping structure 321 is located at slideway structure 31 Inside, avoid it by externalities.

The first slide opening 314, the first slide opening 314 are offered on the chute board 311 positioned at the whole the superiors of slideway structure 31 The internal diameter of upper end open is more than the internal diameter of slide opening 313 opened up on other chute boards 311, the edge chamfer of the first slide opening 314, and inside is inserted Provided with flexible pipe, it is easy to screw rod to enter slideway 314 from top.The internal diameter of flexible pipe is not more than from second chute board 311 of upper end number The internal diameter of slide opening 314, screw rod is set successfully to slip over flexible pipe after entering, without being stuck in edge.

Gripping mechanism 32 also includes the second clamping structure 322 for being arranged on the lower section of slideway structure 31, the second clamping structure 322 Including telescopic baffle plate 3221, baffle plate 3221 forms card-tight part.Baffle plate 3221 can close the lower end of slideway 314 after stretching out, Now the lower surface of screw rod is connected to the upper surface of baffle plate 3221, is trapped in equivalent to screw rod in slideway 314, with prevent screw rod from Slideway 314 comes off, and baffle plate 3221 leaves the lower end of slideway 314 after retracting, and screw rod can skid off from slideway 314.

Baffle plate 3221 and card adapter plate 3211 in the present embodiment are iron plate, and by magnet control, its is worked referred to as: When needing feeding, the electromagnet of the second clamping structure 322 opens baffle plate 3221 under software, a screw rod will drop into Lock pays device 5, and then the electromagnet of the first clamping structure 321 opens card adapter plate 3211, and a screw rod drops into the second clamping knot The baffle plate 3221 of structure 322 is first-class to be fed.Flexible pipe screw rod on gripping mechanism does not just fill up, now, screw rod direction screening dress 2 start-up operations are put, the screw rod for having screened direction is pushed into flexible pipe, until sensor (photoelectric sensor) is detected in flexible pipe The screw rod in face is full.

Vertical range between first clamping structure 321 and the second clamping structure 322 is more than or equal to the length of a screw rod Degree, and less than or equal to the length of two screw rods, the screw rod that the first clamping structure 32 discharges is dropped to the second clamping knot At structure 322.

Screw feed control device 3 in the present embodiment also includes substrate 33, and slideway structure 31 and gripping mechanism 32 are pacified Mounted in the upper surface of substrate 33, the substrate through-hole 331 that corresponding slideway 314 is open is offered on substrate 33, screw rod is finally from substrate Through hole 331, which skids off, leaves screw feed control device 3, and baffle plate 3221 is inserted between substrate through-hole 331 and slideway 314 after stretching out, Close slideway 314.Stretched out for the ease of baffle plate 3221, also corresponded on substrate 33 and open up fluted, be available for baffle plate 3221 to slide.

As shown in figure 3, the present embodiment additionally provides wears screw machine automatically, including screw feed device 1, the screening of screw rod direction Device 2, nut vibrating disk 4, lock pay device 5, operating platform 6 and screw feed control device 3, wherein screw feed device 1 It is adjacent with screw rod direction screening plant 2, it is possible to provide the screw feeding behind screening direction, and screw feed control is delivered to by flexible pipe Device 3 processed, it controls single screw rod feed, and screw feed control device 3 is arranged at screw rod direction screening plant 2 and lock pays device Between 5, the removable lock of operating platform 6 is paid on device 5 to board 9 at each several part, and pickup screw rod, nut simultaneously enter single screw rod Row lock is paid.

Screw machine, the batch signatures screw rod of screw feed device 1, screw rod direction screening plant 2 are worn in the present embodiment automatically Screen screw rod direction, and the slip of screw feed control device 3 only allow single screw rod by, coordinate card-tight part stretching and Lock can be embodied as by, which retracting, pays the feed that device 5 carries out single screw rod, without manually sorting out screw rod one by one, reduces people Work workload, reduces cost of labor, improves production efficiency.

Automatic screw machine of wearing also includes control system, and screw feed control device 3 is provided with the sensor for being used for detecting screw rod, Sensor is communicated to control system.When the flexible pipe inner screw for detecting screw feed control device 3 is discontented, control system control Screw rod direction screening plant 2 carries out screw rod screening, screw rod is fallen to flexible pipe and waits to be fed.

Automatically wearing screw machine includes frame 9, and the operating platform 6 for being used for mobile lock pair device 5 is provided with frame 9, can be driven Dynamic lock pays device 5 and is moved to the lower section of screw feed control device 3, takes the screw rod of the offer of screw feed control device 3 away, is locked Pay operation.The substrate 33 of screw feed control device 3 is fixed in frame 9, so that screw feed control device 3 is fixed on machine On frame, it is located at the lower section of screw rod direction screening plant 1, is easy to screw rod to enter in its slideway 314.

These are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (9)

1. screw feed control device, it is characterised in that including slideway structure and gripping mechanism, the slideway structure is provided with for single The slideway that individual screw rod passes through, the gripping mechanism include stretching in the slideway to limit or discharge described in the slideway The card-tight part of screw rod;The gripping mechanism includes the first clamping structure, and first clamping structure includes spiral shell described in flexible clamping The card adapter plate of bar side wall, the card adapter plate form the card-tight part;The end of the head clamp is used to be connected to institute after stretching Screw rod side wall is stated to coordinate the slideway side wall that the screw rod is fixedly clamped.
2. screw feed control device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the card adapter plate is located at the slideway axis The plane at place, the slideway structure are provided with the chute slided for the card adapter plate, and the chute is communicated to the slideway.
3. screw feed control device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the slideway structure includes what is be stacked Multilayer chute board, each chute board are provided with slide opening, and each slide opening forms the slideway, and first clamping structure is set Between any two adjacent chute boards, the corresponding chute board is provided with the chute.
4. the screw feed control device as described in right wants 3, it is characterised in that positioned at being offered described in the superiors on chute board First slide opening, in first slide opening in the flexible pipe for being easy to charging is installed, the slideway is provided with flexible pipe junction is easy to institute State the chamfering that screw rod slips over.
5. screw feed control device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the gripping mechanism is described including being arranged at The second clamping structure below slideway structure, second clamping structure include the gear of the flexible closing slideway lower ending opening Plate, the baffle plate form the card-tight part.
6. the screw feed control device as described in any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that also including substrate, the cunning Road structure and the gripping mechanism are installed on the substrate upper surface, and the base of the corresponding slideway opening is offered on the substrate Plate through hole.
7. automatic wear screw machine, including screw feed device, screw rod direction screening plant and lock pay device, it is characterised in that also Including the screw feed control device described in any one of claim 1 to 6, the screw feed control device is arranged at the spiral shell Bar direction screening plant and the lock are paid between device.
8. screw machine is worn automatically as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that also including control system, the screw feed control The sensor that flexible pipe whether is filled up for detecting the screw rod is set up, the sensor is communicated to the control system.
9. screw machine is worn automatically as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that be also provided with nut including frame, the frame Vibrating disk and the mobile platform that device is paid for moving the lock.
CN201510862790.9A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically CN105364470B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510862790.9A CN105364470B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510862790.9A CN105364470B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 Screw feed control device and wear screw machine automatically

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105364470A CN105364470A (en) 2016-03-02
CN105364470B true CN105364470B (en) 2018-01-23

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3146154A1 (en) * 1980-12-15 1982-07-29 Werkzeugmasch Okt Veb Device for the proportioned feeding of cylindrical workpieces
CN202934326U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-05-15 昆山博古特机电设备有限公司 Screw nut installing jig
CN103170834A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-26 刘伟锋 Bolt and nut automated assembly machine
CN203266080U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-11-06 刘伟锋 Automatic bolt and nut assembling machine and automatic bolt and nut assembling system
CN104117847A (en) * 2014-07-15 2014-10-29 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Screw locking device
CN104907820A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-16 叶丁有 Automatic screw locking machine
CN205414877U (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-08-03 深圳市威富多媒体有限公司 Screw rod feed control device wears screw rod machine with automation

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3146154A1 (en) * 1980-12-15 1982-07-29 Werkzeugmasch Okt Veb Device for the proportioned feeding of cylindrical workpieces
CN202934326U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-05-15 昆山博古特机电设备有限公司 Screw nut installing jig
CN103170834A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-26 刘伟锋 Bolt and nut automated assembly machine
CN203266080U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-11-06 刘伟锋 Automatic bolt and nut assembling machine and automatic bolt and nut assembling system
CN104117847A (en) * 2014-07-15 2014-10-29 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Screw locking device
CN104907820A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-09-16 叶丁有 Automatic screw locking machine
CN205414877U (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-08-03 深圳市威富多媒体有限公司 Screw rod feed control device wears screw rod machine with automation

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