CN105361347A - Traction Elements - Google Patents

Traction Elements Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105361347A
CN105361347A CN201510679560.9A CN201510679560A CN105361347A CN 105361347 A CN105361347 A CN 105361347A CN 201510679560 A CN201510679560 A CN 201510679560A CN 105361347 A CN105361347 A CN 105361347A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
article
footwear
traction elements
end
stabilizer
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510679560.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
P.W.奥格
B.D.贝克
A.凯恩
S.卡瓦利尔
D.W.彼得
T.J.史密斯
Original Assignee
耐克创新有限合伙公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US16619109P priority Critical
Priority to US61/166,191 priority
Application filed by 耐克创新有限合伙公司 filed Critical 耐克创新有限合伙公司
Priority to CN201080019481.0A priority patent/CN102421316B/en
Publication of CN105361347A publication Critical patent/CN105361347A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/22Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
    • A43B13/223Profiled soles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/22Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
    • A43B13/24Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer by use of insertions
    • A43B13/26Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer by use of insertions projecting beyond the sole surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/162Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the shape
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/168Studs or cleats for football or like boots with resilient means, e.g. shock absorbing means

Abstract

Traction elements for an article of footwear can include stabilizer elements. An extendable traction element for an article of footwear can include an elongatable extender attached to another portion of a sole structure. An actuator can rest within the extender and cause elongation of the extender in response to a force from the foot of a wearer.

Description

Traction elements

The divisional application that the application is the applying date is on April 1st, 2010, application number is 201080019481.0, denomination of invention is the patent application of " traction elements ".

The cross reference of related application

The priority of the U.S. Provisional Patent Application sequence number 61/166,191 being entitled as " TractionElements " that this application requires on April 2nd, 2009 to submit to, the full content of this application is herein incorporated by reference and all.About the particular topic shared for described provisional application and the application, the various changes here for write description and accompanying drawing are only understand the feature that will be presented for strengthening readability, eliminating repetition, revise apparent error and/or describing those skilled in the art clearly acquiescently based on the described provisional application of reading.

Technical field

The aspect of various embodiment relates generally to the traction elements for the manufacture of article and wearing article, and this wearing article is such as footwear, clothes and motility or protectiveness equipment.In more specifically example, the aspect of some embodiments relates to the stabilizer of the traction elements for article of footwear.In other example, the aspect of some embodiments relates to regracting for article of footwear and extending traction elements.

Background technology

Many manufacture article and wearing article benefit from traction elements.This article often with a surface contact, such as ground, and can easily slide, unstable, and to contact with other of this surface is dangerous.Traction elements provides frictional force and the grasping force of increase between article and the surface of this article contacts.Traction elements is typically attached to the surface of contacting to earth of article.This traction elements is usually designed to the additional adhesive force provided in conjunction with particular type action, when this action betides this article contacts surface or ground.Such as, sport footwear can have the shoe tack of specific dimensions and shape, and it is designed in specific action process as wearer provides adhesive force.These shoe tacks are usually designed to be provided additional adhesive force or anti-sliding stop to the action of single type or motion or grabs ground problem.This shoe tack can not provide adhesive force to polytype action and motion.And they can not be applicable to various action and the motion of wearer in the dynamic use procedure of article of footwear.

Some article can have commutative traction elements, and it adapts to polytype action and motion.Change traction elements can efficiency low and consuming time.Such as, sportsman can need a kind of article of footwear, and it is given and runs and provide adhesive force both pivotable.Usually, traction elements is designed to the only one in these actions.Which kind of adhesive force sportsman must select be most important and formerly may have traction elements, and it provides adhesive force in the action of another kind of type.Many users will recognize, single traction elements can provide adhesive force in more than the action of a type or motion and/or be applicable to the dynamic situation of various motion.

And most shoe tack can not be applicable to various situation.Shoe tack is designed to contact with crust or pressure release surface usually, but is the surface of this two type.The shoe tack being designed for pressure release surface tends to have larger height relative to the shoe tack being designed for crust.Shoe tack for pressure release surface must extend to distance larger in ground to guarantee to stablize and contact this surface securely.The hardness on some surfaces is uneven.User can wish to be converted to crust from pressure release surface rapidly.User can change its adhesive ability to adapt to the shoe tack on various types of surface rapidly by benefiting from.

Therefore, obtain some traction elements although current, still exist in the art and improve space.Such as, have be with the wearing article of the traction elements of selective additional stability in the art will be expect progress.Additionally, the traction elements of adhesive force can under numerous conditions and be provided to receive an acclaim in the art in polytype motion.In addition, having the article can optionally retracted with the characteristic to the traction elements on all kinds surface that can adapt to them will be the progress expected in this area.

Summary of the invention

Shown below is the general summary of some embodiments.This is generally if it were not for extensive overview of the present invention.It is not will differentiate key of the present invention or decisive element and/or will describe scope of the present invention.Summary below only provides some concepts of specific embodiment in general form, as the preorder in greater detail provided below.

The aspect of some embodiments relates to the traction elements for the manufacture of article and dress article.In at least some embodiments, traction elements can comprise: (1) main body, and it has and is attached surface and relative free end surface, and wherein this is attached and surperficial can be connected by sidewall with this free end surface; (2) stable element, it has and is attached end and is attached with this and holds relative free end and be attached at this middle body held between free end.Being attached end and can being attached to main body of stable element, thus stable element can be constructed to extend along from the direction that the sidewall of main body leaves.Stable element 215 can be cantilever beam structure.In other embodiment, footwear sole construction can comprise basal component and be attached to the multiple described traction elements of this basal component extension.In further embodiments, the article of footwear described footwear sole construction that can comprise upper of a shoe and engage with this upper of a shoe.

Additional embodiment comprises the method manufacturing traction elements, and it can comprise step: (1) provides basal component; (2) attached traction elements is to this basal component, and this traction elements limits and is configured to be attached to being attached surface, being attached surperficial relative free end surface and connecting the sidewall that this is attached surface and free end surface with this of this basal component; (3) attached cantilever beam structure is to this traction elements, thus this free end is positioned as extending from this sidewall of this traction elements opening.

Other embodiment relates to extending traction elements, and it comprises actuator and stretcher.Stretcher can by with actuator engagement and the power responded on this actuator and can from the first length elongation to the second length, and what increase stretcher thus is the axial length of the traction elements of its part with stretcher.In other embodiment, article of footwear can comprise upper of a shoe, be attached to the footwear sole construction of this upper of a shoe and be fixed at least one extending traction elements of footwear sole construction.

Additional embodiment comprises the method manufacturing traction elements, and it can comprise step: (1) injects the first material feeding (firstshot) in the first mould, and wherein this first material feeding comprises the first material for the formation of stretcher; (2) inject in the second material feeding to the first mould, wherein this second material feeding comprises the second material for the formation of anti-skid stud substrate and end, and wherein this first material feeding and the second material feeding form the first mould element; (3) this first mould element is removed from this first mould; (4) by this first mould element location in a second mold; (5) inject in the 3rd material feeding to the second mould, wherein the 3rd material feeding comprises the 3rd material for the formation of board package.In further embodiments, first anti-skid stud end is formed in independent mould.Then this molded anti-skid stud end is placed in the second mould.Then anti-skid stud substrate is molded in the second mould.After the substrate of formation anti-skid stud, stretcher is molded in the second mould, to connect anti-skid stud end and anti-skid stud substrate.

In other embodiment, the footwear sole construction for article of footwear can comprise: (1) interior end; (2) first actuator at this interior end is attached to.This interior end can be sole liner.This sole liner selectively is removed from this footwear sole construction or can be permanently attached to this footwear sole construction.First actuator selectively is removed from the interior end.Multiple actuator can be engaged with the interior end and can be located by the configuration with any desired.

In other embodiment, the extending traction elements that footwear sole construction can comprise basal component and extend from this basal component.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In conjunction with the drawings with reference to explanation below, can obtain understanding more completely of each embodiment and specific advantages thereof, reference number identical in the accompanying drawings represents identical feature, and wherein:

Fig. 1 is the bottom plan view of a part for the footwear sole construction of the article of footwear with multiple traction elements, and this element is each has stable element;

Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the traction elements with stable element;

Fig. 3 is the side view of the traction elements with stable element;

Fig. 4 is the bottom plan view of the traction elements with stable element;

Fig. 5 shows the footwear sole construction with the article of footwear of exemplary regracting and extending traction elements according to certain aspects of the invention;

Fig. 6 is the decomposition view of exemplary traction elements;

Fig. 7 is the viewgraph of cross-section of the exemplary traction elements be in retraction and/or non-actuation position;

Fig. 8 is the viewgraph of cross-section being in the exemplary traction elements in portion stretches position according at least some embodiment;

Fig. 9 shows the example sole structure with the end in band actuator according at least some embodiment;

Figure 10 A and 10B respectively illustrates the exemplary traction elements with the stretcher being positioned at the first length and the second length;

Figure 11 is the decomposition view of another exemplary traction elements;

Figure 12 is the viewgraph of cross-section being in another the exemplary traction elements in retraction and/or non-actuation position according at least some embodiment;

Figure 13 is the viewgraph of cross-section being in another the exemplary traction elements in portion stretches position according at least some embodiment;

Figure 14 shows the part with the footwear of two extending traction elements according at least some additional embodiment;

Figure 15 is the perspective view of the downside of footwear part from Figure 14;

Figure 16 A-16C is the amplification partial cross-sectional view corresponding with institute's cursor position in Figure 14;

Figure 17 is the amplifier section decomposition view of the selected parts of the footwear illustrated from Figure 14;

Figure 18 A and 18B is the viewgraph of cross-section from institute's cursor position in Figure 15;

Figure 19 is the viewgraph of cross-section from institute's cursor position in Figure 18.

Reader's accompanying drawing is reminded to draw in proportion.

Detailed description of the invention

In the explanation of exemplary embodiment below, with reference to accompanying drawing, this accompanying drawing is formed as a part for this explanation, and in the accompanying drawings can wherein by the environment put into practice by diagrammatically show various example devices, system and aspects more of the present invention.Should be understood that other customized configuration of parts, example devices, system and environment can be used, and structure can not left scope of the present invention by carrying out with the amendment of function.

Usually, as mentioned above, some embodiments relate to the traction elements for the manufacture of article and wearing article and article of footwear.Usually, article of footwear comprises the upper of a shoe being attached to footwear sole construction.Footwear sole construction can extend along the length of article of footwear and can comprise outer bottom, and this outer bottom can form the surface of contacting to earth of this article of footwear.Outer bottom can comprise base plate.Traction elements can be attached to and form the some parts of outer bottom.Traction elements can form unitary construction with footwear sole construction or can be attached to footwear sole construction in any suitable way.Traction elements can be permanently attached footwear sole construction or optionally can dismantle from footwear sole construction.

Article of footwear can comprise forefoot portion, crura intermedium part and heel part.The description in these footwear regions is only exemplary purpose and is not used in the definite part describing article of footwear.In the arbitrary region that one or more traction elements can be positioned in the footwear sole construction of article of footwear or areas combine.Such as, in multiple traction elements heel area that can be positioned in the footwear sole construction of article of footwear and forefoot region.

Traction elements can cause the frictional force between the ground of footwear sole construction and its contact or surface to provide support and stability to the wearer of article of footwear in various motion.Such as, multiple traction elements can be positioned in the forefoot region of the footwear sole construction of article of footwear, provides support and stability during its forward foot in a step to be fallen on the ground at wearer or to rotate.In some instances, these traction elements can by along the inner side (medial) of forefoot region and outside (lateral) edge local.Under traction elements can be positioned in the fifth metatarsal bone of the pin of wearer or first of the pin of wearer and/or the 5th articulationes metatarsophalangeae downward-extension.Traction elements can be positioned at configuration suitable arbitrarily on footwear sole construction with in the arbitrary region of footwear sole construction.

Traction elements can have various sizes and shape.Such as, traction elements can be taper shape, rectangle, pyramid, polygon or other suitable shape.In an example, article of footwear can have multiple traction elements and these traction elements can all have unified shape.In another example, multiple traction elements can have difformity.Traction elements can be solid maybe can having empty internal and can have arbitrary dimension.In a representative configuration, wherein multiple traction elements is attached to footwear sole construction, and each traction elements can have same size or they can have a vicissitudinous size.Some exemplary traction elements attenuate when they extend open from footwear sole construction.The end of traction elements can be point, flat surfaces or other suitable structure arbitrarily.This end can have inclined-plane, bending or other suitable shape arbitrarily.

The surface of traction elements can have texture or pattern.In certain embodiments, this surface of traction elements is smooth.In other embodiments, this surface of traction elements can have texture and produces frictional force with the surface contacted with this traction elements.Such as, traction elements can have the various rib of band or the surface of cut-out in other example, and pin, thorn or other protuberance can extend to produce extra frictional force when this traction elements and surface contact from the surface of traction elements.The element of any generation frictional force can be attached to traction elements in any suitable way.

Traction elements can be attached to the middle end or the other parts of footwear sole construction, or arbitrary other parts of article of footwear.Traction elements can be dismantled by from article of footwear.Some example footwear have via mechanical connector (such as screw and screw association) removable traction elements.Traction elements and footwear sole construction or its part can be formed integrally with housing casings.Traction elements can be attached to article of footwear and maybe can be formed as any portion of article of footwear in any suitable way.Traction elements can be positioned at configuration suitable arbitrarily in footwear sole construction and can be constructed to engage in the mode of any desired with ground.

Traction elements can comprise main body, its have be attached surface and relative free end surface.Be attached the footwear sole construction that surface can be attached to article of footwear.Free end can form the part on the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements.Sidewall can connect this and be attached surface and free end.Main body can have arbitrary shape or size.Have in the example of multiple traction elements wherein, each main body can have difformity and/or size, or has same shape and/or size.Main body attenuates when can extend on its surface from footwear sole construction, and namely main body attenuates from being attached surface towards free end surface.The sidewall of main body can have arbitrarily suitably shape or texture.Such as, sidewall can be curved surface maybe can have one or more flat surfaces or its combination.

Traction elements can have stable element, and it has and is attached end and holds relative free end and be attached at this middle body held between this free end with being attached.Temperature element (TE and main body can be integrally formed.Stable element can be attached to main body, thus stable element can be constructed to extend along from the direction that the sidewall of main body leaves.Stable element can extend along any direction left from sidewall.The surface of stable element can be bending or smooth in any portion of this stable element.Such as, stable element can have curved surface, one or more flat surfaces or its combination.

As mentioned above, traction elements can have the size of any desired; The main body of any appropriate size and stable element can be used.

In some representative configuration, traction elements can have multiple stable element.Such as, traction elements can have main body and be attached to two stable elements of this main body.First stable element can be attached to by the first attachment point, and the second stable element can be attached in the second attachment point.In some representative configuration, the first attachment point and the second attachment point can be same positions in main body.In other representative configuration, the first attachment point and the second attachment point can be diverse locations in main body.Attachment point can positioning stablity element with along relative direction, along angulation between stable element direction (such as, obtuse angle, acute angle or right angle) or extend along parallel direction.

In above-mentioned exemplary traction elements, stable element can have cantilever beam structure.This cantilever beam structure can have and is attached their middle body of end, free end and connection.This cantilever beam structure can extend beyond main body along any direction, to provide additional stability, support and adhesive force to main body.This cantilever beam structure can be opened from main body with arbitrarily angled (i.e. acute angle, obtuse angle or right angle) extension.

Above-mentioned traction elements can be merged in the footwear sole construction of article of footwear.Footwear sole construction comprises basal component and is attached to multiple traction elements of this basal component., wherein each traction elements can comprise main body and be attached to the cantilever beam structure of this main body.This footwear sole construction can extend through the arbitrary portion of article of footwear.Such as, this footwear sole construction can extend through the forefoot region of article of footwear.In such configuration, traction elements can be positioned in forefoot region, and cantilever beam structure can be positioned as extending towards the central authorities of the forefoot region of footwear sole construction.Traction elements can be configured such that cantilever beam structure can be positioned as extending along direction suitable arbitrarily.

Multiple traction elements on above-mentioned footwear sole construction can be located by with configuration suitable arbitrarily.Such as, the first traction elements of multiple traction elements can be located by the inside edge of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction, thus it is roughly at the first metatarsal bone of wearer and/or the downward-extension of Metatarsophalangeal joint.Second traction elements can be located by the outer ledge of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction, thus it is roughly at the fifth metatarsal bone of wearer and/or the downward-extension of the 5th articulationes metatarsophalangeae.In the configuration, the cantilever beam structure of the first traction elements and the second traction elements can be configured such that these two cantilever beam structures are positioned as extending towards the central authorities of the forefoot region of footwear sole construction.

The article of footwear comprising above-mentioned traction elements can comprise upper of a shoe, the sole member engaged with this upper of a shoe and the traction elements being attached to this footwear sole construction.Traction elements can comprise main body (this main body has the attachment surface and free end surface that are connected by sidewall), and stabilizer (this stabilizer is attached to this main body and extends from the sidewall of this main body and opens.The attachment surface of main body can be attached to sole member in any suitable way.Such as, the attachment surface of main body can be attached to the outer bottom of sole member and/or the middle end.

In one exemplary embodiment, traction elements has main body and fixing-stable element.Main body and fixing-stable element can be used as individual unit kiss the earth.Stable element can for main body provides support in the contact process on traction elements and ground.Such as, when being applied to traction elements when traction elements kiss the earth in shearing force, such as when the his or her forward foot in a step falls on the ground by wearer and pivotable or rotate time torsional load process in, stable element can provide cross-brace.This configuration can prevent or contribute to the main body flexing in use and the fault that reduce traction elements.

In a further exemplary embodiment, the stable element that traction elements has main body and can rotate about the axis, this axis is such as the axis at restriction and the attachment point place between stable element and main body.Trigger suitable arbitrarily can cause stable element response force and bend.Such as, stable element can respond the power of particular type and bend, such as torsional load.In another example, mechanical activator can cause stable element bending along various direction.This mechanical activator can be configured to cause stable element respond the special exercise of wearer and bend, such as pivotable and the quick torsional load stopping and occurring in rotation process.

In arbitrary previous examples, stable element in use provides additional stability and support to main body.This durability that can reduce the wear extent in main body and traction elements can be increased thus.And by the supportive body when needing additional support (such as in the distortion or failure process of main body), stable element can increase the reliability of traction elements.Stable element also can provide additional support and adhesive force in target travel (targetedmovement) process, such as, when wearer can along specific direction or when applying power from special angle.In the fixing example or flexible example of stable element as above, the power from target travel can trigger the joint on stable element and ground or surface.

In another embodiment, at least one traction elements being supplied to article of footwear can comprise: (1) actuator, and it has Part I and Part II; (2) stretcher, it has the first side and the second side.First side of stretcher can engage with the Part II of actuator.End can be attached to the second side of stretcher.When actuator is triggered, stretcher can by from the first length elongation to the second length.

The actuator of traction elements can be any mechanism, and it can reception and cause stretcher respond this power and extend.In some instances, actuator can be leaf spring (leafspring).The Part I of actuator can receive this power and transmit the Part II of this power to actuator.The Part II of actuator can cause stretcher to extend.

Actuator can by " triggering " when its reception.Actuator can be positioned as being received in the power be applied in specific action process.Such as, their pin can be stopped over and pivotable by wearer on Metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the os metatarsale majus of pin and metatarsal).This part of pin can in such as pivotable, rotation, start to run fast, change in the fortune merits and demerits journey in direction etc. in motion and receive large power.Extending traction elements according to the present invention can be positioned as the power of reception from this motion to extend this stretcher and to provide the traction elements with extended length a little thus, carries thus follow adhesive force that is additional or that strengthen to you in these target travel processes for wearer.Actuator can comprise various material, and it has elasticity and high durability characteristic.Such as, actuator can comprise nylon material, such as nylon 6,6, nylon 6, and/or thermoplastic polyurethane (" TPU ") material.

Actuator and stretcher can be engaged with each other in any suitable way.In the example that they directly contact with each other, they can removably or be for good and all attached to each other.For attached any proper method can be used to for good and all this actuator attached to stretcher, such as glue, cement, molded, nation fixed (bonding) etc.

Traction elements stretcher can be elastomeric material, and it can receive from the power of actuator and extend to the second place due to the effect of this power from primary importance.This extension action extends the effect (such as, make the free end of traction elements move the substrate surface of sole further away from each other) of traction elements by having.Stretcher can comprise various material.In one example, stretcher comprises soft TPU material, such as, have the TPU of hardness level 60-70A.Stretcher can extend in any suitable way and shrink.Such as, stretcher can extend in a linear fashion and shrink.Such as, stretcher can extend and shrink by folding mode.In a further example, when stretcher is in its retracted position, the part of stretcher can be received in the inner space of traction elements.When stretcher is in extended position, it can align linearly with the remainder of the sidewall of traction elements.Spring receives in the embodiment in the inner space of traction elements wherein, and when activated, stretcher bias voltage can be back to its extended position by spring.The aforementioned any combination extending configuration can be used.

Stretcher can have the first side and the second side.First side can engage in any suitable way with the Part II of actuator.Such as, the Part II of actuator can have protuberance, and the first side of stretcher can limit recess.The protuberance of the Part II of actuator can compatibly be bonded in the recess limited in the first side of stretcher.Another configuration in, another element can between actuator and stretcher and prevent actuator and extend between direct contact.Term " joint " is the direct and mediate contact comprised between actuator and stretcher, and it comprises permanent connection and can discharge joint or only contact.Lubricant material can be included or the material of composition surface of stretcher and actuator can be selected as the low-friction coefficient that has relative to each other.

Traction elements also can have end, and it can be attached to the second side of stretcher.In some instances, the second side of stretcher is solid layer material, and end can be attached to this material.This end can be attached to stretcher in any suitable way, includes but not limited to that cement, glue, nation are fixed, molded etc.In other example, the second side of stretcher comprises opening, and it allows actuator and end to be in direct contact with one another.For the configuration that wherein actuator and end contact with each other, the Part II of actuator can limit recess and the part of the contact stretcher of end can have protuberance, position in the opening of stretcher, this protuberance is snugly bonded in the recess of the Part II of actuator.

Traction elements end can comprise relatively hard elastomeric material, and it can stand the power of the pin from wearer, and can also penetrate or puncture ground to provide stable contact between traction elements and ground.End comprises the surface and must as contact surface between traction elements and ground of contacting to earth of traction elements.In some instances, additional frictional force is brought out characteristic and can be included in this end.Such as, end can have the surface of with groove or protuberance to provide additional adhesive force to wearer.In other example, frictional force inducing materials can be attached to this end to provide additional adhesive force ability.

End can comprise material such as TPU, polyurethane nylon material and rubber.TPU measures with hardness specification usually.For end, harder TPU can be used, such as, have the TPU of 95A/50D hardness.End can need to stand relatively strong power in this embodiment.Traction elements is positioned in the example in the footwear sole construction of article of footwear wherein, then the end that TPU manufactures should have the hardness level that can stand to be applied to the power on traction elements by wearer and also can stand the power of ground or the surface applying contacted by traction elements.End can comprise other material that can stand these power, such as metal, rubber etc.

In certain embodiments, independent end component can be eliminated, and the free end of stretcher can be used to direct kiss the earth or other surface.In this case, the basal surface of stretcher can be considered to (maybe can be used as) this " end ".If needed, the basal surface of stretcher can be formed by suitable material and/or be processed with provide enough intensity, hardness, durability, wearability and/or other make it be suitable for the characteristic of kiss the earth.

When actuator is triggered, stretcher can by from the first length elongation to the second length.Actuator can be triggered in every way, such as, by applying the various situations on the surface that power is just contacting with traction elements from the pin of wearer.Such as, wearer applies force to actuator by carrying out various action, such as, stop over and rotate, pivotable, fast change direction etc.The power being applied to traction elements by the pin of wearer can be shearing force, normal force or its combination.Power also can be torsion, such as rotated with wearer on the ground when the pin of wearer falls, pivotable or change direction time.Actuator can be configured to one or more action triggers of being undertaken by wearer.Actuator can be positioned as being triggered by the power of the pin of wearer in the activity of target or particular type.By this way, traction elements can provide additional adhesive force to wearer in the particular case needing most additional adhesive force.

Actuator can be configured to extend in softer ground and can be retracted by harder ground.Stretcher can be caused when traction elements contact comparatively hardstand time retract.When traction elements contact comparatively hag face time, stretcher can be caused extending, and pierces through power needed for hag face because the power being applied to actuator by the pin of wearer exceedes traction elements.In fact, the function of traction elements in hardstand as conventional traction elements (being in retracted position), but is extended in hag face.The condition of elongation is controlled by the change spring level of stretcher and the structure of actuator by traction elements.

When actuator is triggered, end (i.e. the end of stretcher or independent end component) can be moved to the second place by from primary importance.The primary importance of end may correspond to the first length (with the first total length of traction elements) in stretcher, and the second place of end may correspond to the second length (with the second total length of traction elements) in stretcher.Second length of the comparable stretcher of the first length of stretcher is larger.First length may correspond to " retraction " position in traction elements, and the second length may correspond to " elongation " position in traction elements.The retracted position of traction elements can be, when traction elements to contact with compared with hardstand and due to ground too hard thus stretcher can not be caused to extend from the power of the pin of wearer time position.In this case, stretcher must also by standing the pin of wearer and being formed compared with the material of power that hardstand applies, thus its in use not flexing or fault.Alternatively, when traction elements is in retraction (or elongation) position, stretcher can be retracted in the inner space of traction elements completely.The retracted position of traction elements occurs in, when traction elements can cause stretcher to extend into hag face with softer earth surface and from the power of the pin of wearer.

Stretcher can extend in a length range.In some instances, the power that the pin that the material for stretcher can stand wearer when the end contact hardstand of traction elements applies, drops to prevent stretcher, flexing or break.Thus, the material that can be used to stretcher can stand from the pin of wearer power simultaneously enough elasticity can extend in hag face.This material can be soft TPU.The expanded range of stretcher can by the line shaft of traction elements to or longitudinal length rise to 10mm from 0.5mm, and in some instances from about 0.75mm to 8mm, or even from 1mm to 6mm.In some example arrangement, stretcher self can extend up to 3mm between its first length (being in retracted position) and its second length (being in extended position).Stretcher can extend to any desired length scope.

In certain embodiments, traction elements can be attached to the bottom deck assembly with hole and can comprise: (1) actuator, and it has Part I and Part II; (2) stretcher, it engages with the Part II of actuator; (3) end, it is attached to stretcher.The Part I of actuator can be engaged by with bottom deck assembly.Stretcher can have the first side and the second side.First side of stretcher by hole place or near be attached to bottom deck assembly, the second side of stretcher is attached to end.End can form the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements.When actuator is triggered, stretcher can be caused extending to the second length from the first length, to increase axis or the longitudinal length of traction elements thus.Bottom deck assembly can be attached to article, the footwear sole construction of burning sun article of footwear.Bottom deck assembly can comprise one or more element.Bottom deck assembly can contribute to traction elements fixing to footwear sole construction.Such as, shoe last or hat block plate (lastboard) can be fixed to the middle end of footwear sole construction or its in, thus traction elements forms outer bottom at least partially.

In another embodiment, traction elements can be attached at the bottom of the anti-skid stud with opening and can to comprise: (1) stretcher, and it has first end and the second end; (2) end, it has first surface and second and shows; (3) actuator, it has Part I and Part II; (4) bottom, it engages with the Part I of actuator.The first end of actuator to be attached at the bottom of anti-skid stud and in opening at the bottom of anti-skid stud, thus the second end of stretcher is positioned as extending through the opening at the bottom of this anti-skid stud.A part for the first surface of end is attached to the second end of stretcher, and the second surface of end forms the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements.The Part I of actuator and the second termination of stretcher are closed.The Part I that bottom can be equivalent to actuator rotates freely.In some instances, bottom directly contacts with the Part II of actuator.Bottom can be fixed to actuator in any suitable way.

Above-mentioned traction elements can be merged in the footwear sole construction of article of footwear.Article of footwear can comprise upper of a shoe, be attached to the footwear sole construction of this upper of a shoe and be fixed at least one traction elements of footwear sole construction.Any exemplary traction elements of above-described embodiment can be fixed to footwear sole construction.The traction elements with any amount of the elongation ability of the above-mentioned type can be fixed in the arbitrary region of footwear sole construction or footwear sole construction multiple regions in.

This footwear sole construction can extend through the arbitrary portion of article of footwear.Such as, this footwear sole construction can extend through the forefoot region of article of footwear.In this configuration, traction elements can be positioned in forefoot region Metatarsophalangeal joint under position.Metatarsophalangeal joint be in the course of action of such as pivotable or rotation on pin by the position fallen on a surface.This joint can be benefited from object procedure has additional adhesive force, at least in some surface appearances.

Multiple traction elements on above-mentioned footwear sole construction can be located by with configuration suitable arbitrarily.Such as, the first traction elements is located by the inside edge of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction, and the second traction elements is located by the outer ledge of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction.In the configuration, when wearer pin through normal step cycle supination and revolve the last stage, the first and second traction elements can provide additional support and stability.In the supination stage of normal paces, wearer applies sizable power on Metatarsophalangeal joint.At the end of the supination stage, wearer pushes away (pushoff) Metatarsophalangeal joint is to continue normal step cycle.In rotation process, such as, when its pin to be fallen " metatarsal " region with pivotable ball of foot or pin by wearer, wearer pushes away Metatarsophalangeal joint.The suitable major part of this power is absorbed by Metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between metatarsal and the phalanx of big toe).

In another example, traction elements can be positioned on footwear sole construction and under ossa suffraginis (big toe).As mentioned above, in normal step cycle, wearer applies sizable power to articulationes metatarsophalangeae.At the end of this motion, wearer will push away ossa suffraginis.As shown in Figure 5, the exemplary traction elements 500 according to some embodiments can be positioned on the footwear sole construction 502 of article of footwear, thus it is positioned under the ossa suffraginis of the pin of wearer.When wearer completes normal step cycle and pushes away ossa suffraginis, traction elements is positioned as extending and providing additional adhesive force.In example in Figure 5, traction elements to be positioned in the forward foot in a step of footwear sole construction and roughly under the big toe or ossa suffraginis of wearer.The traction elements of any amount can be attached to (that is, forefoot region, crura intermedium region and/or heel area) in the arbitrary region of footwear sole construction.

Fig. 5 also show example sole structure, its have multiple there is stabilizer traction elements and regracting and inflatable traction elements.Footwear sole construction can have often kind of traction elements of any right quantity.Traction elements can be located by with configuration suitable arbitrarily.

Each part of above-mentioned traction elements can be molded, with cement, be attached to each other with glue, Bang Ding or alternate manner.Each element can be may be permanently or removably attached to another element.

Specific embodiment is described in more detail below.It is only to explain example of the present invention that reader should be understood that these specific embodiments are suggested, and they should not be constructed to limit the present invention.

Fig. 1-5 shows the stabilizer for the traction elements according at least some embodiment.When identical reference number appears in multiple accompanying drawing, this reference number is used to as one man represent same or analogous part in this specification with in accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 shows the sample portion of article of footwear, and this article of footwear has the multiple traction elements 102,104 and 106 with stabilizer in the forefoot region being positioned in this article of footwear 100.Traction elements 102,104 and 106 is attached to the footwear sole construction 108 of article of footwear 100.Can being positioned at least partially in the recess 110 be limited in footwear sole construction 108 of traction elements 102,104 and 106.Recess 100 can be formed a shape, and the shape complementarity of itself and traction elements 102,104 and 106, although recess 100 can have other suitable shape, the degree of depth, design or configuration.In the example depicted in fig. 1, recess 110 is set to crescent, but complementary slightly larger with the crescent of traction elements 102,104 and 106.In some instances, traction elements 102,104 and 106 can not to be positioned in recess and can be attached to the flat of footwear sole construction 108.Configuration suitable arbitrarily can be used to traction elements 102,104 and 106 to be attached to article of footwear 100.

In FIG, the first traction elements 102 and the second traction elements 104 can be located by the outer ledge 112 of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction 108 and in the position of the longitudinal length along fifth metatarsal bone and/or the 5th articulationes metatarsophalangeae.3rd traction elements 106 can be located by the inside edge 114 of the forefoot region along footwear sole construction 108 and in roughly corresponding with first metatarsal bone and/or Metatarsophalangeal joint position.

First traction elements 102, second traction elements 104 and the 3rd traction elements 106 can be configured to be engaged with ground in the mode of any desired.First traction elements 102, second traction elements 104 and the 3rd traction elements 106 eachly can have stable element 116, and it roughly extends towards the central authorities 117 of the forefoot region of footwear sole construction 108.

The each of traction elements 102,104 and 106 shown in Fig. 1 comprises main body 118 and stable element 116.Main body 118 can comprise Part I 120 and Part II 122.Stable element 116 has the middle body 128 being attached end 124, free end 126 and being connected them.The end 124 that is attached of stable element 116 is attached to main body 118.Middle body 128 extends to open and free end 126 is positioned as leaving main body 118 1 distance of traction elements 102,104 and 106 from the end 124 that is attached of stable element 116.Exemplary traction elements in Fig. 1 can have the fixing-stable element relative to main body or the flexible stabilization element relative to main body.

Traction elements 102,104 and 106 can be solid and can have empty internal.A part for traction elements 102,104 and 106 can be solid and another part can have empty internal.In the example depicted in fig. 1, the first chamber 132 is limited in Part I 120, and the second chamber 134 is limited in the Part II 122 of main body 118.First chamber 132 and the second chamber 134 can extend along the Part I 120 of main body 118 and a part of length of Part II 122 respectively.First chamber and the second chamber 134 can be arbitrary shape or size.In the Part I 120 that multiple chamber can be limited at main body 118 and/or Part II 122.

First chamber 132 and the second chamber 134 can allow the Part I 120 of main body 118 and Part II 122 to receive the power applied in every way respectively.The chamber of any amount can be included in the arbitrary portion of traction elements 102,104 and 106.In some instances, traction elements 102,104 and 106 can not comprise chamber.

Stable element 116 can be attached to the arbitrary portion of traction elements 102,104 and 106.In the example depicted in fig. 1, stable element 116 is attached to the centre of the main body 118 of traction elements 102,104 and 106 and the midway (midway) between the Part I 120 and Part II 122 of main body 118.Part I 120, Part II 122 and stable element 116 can be discrete parts or they can be molded as single structure.

Traction elements 102,104 and 106 can be attached to footwear sole construction 108 by the mode of any desired.Such as, traction elements can be attached to base plate, and then this base plate is attached to the remainder of footwear sole construction.Base plate can be attached to the middle end of footwear sole construction, thus traction elements forms the outer bottom of footwear sole construction at least partially.Base plate can be the material of any desired, its solid and light weight.Such as, base plate can be carbon fiber reinforced polymer.Traction elements 102,104 and 106 also can be attached to outer bottom or other parts arbitrarily of footwear sole construction.

Footwear sole construction 108 can have various bending area, and it is convenient to the bending of footwear sole construction 108.By comprising softer than the remainder of footwear sole construction or more elastomeric material, bending area can be convenient to this and bend.In other example, by having the shape in other region being different from footwear sole construction 108, bending area can be convenient to the bending of footwear sole construction 108.These bending areas can have chamber maybe can form concave shape, and it is convenient to the bending of footwear sole construction 108.As shown in fig. 1, the first bending area 136 can be positioned between the first traction elements 102 and the second traction elements 104.Second bending area 138 can be positioned as contiguous 3rd traction elements 106.When the forefoot region of footwear sole construction 108 is caused bending by power, such as, by the motion of wearer, then footwear sole construction bends at the first bending area 136 and the second bending area 138 place.The natural torsion line that first bending area 136 and the second bending area 138 are positioned as the pin causing footwear sole construction 108 along wearer when moving bends, such as, when normal walking circulation, running, jumping, pivotable etc.

Traction elements 102,104 and 106 can be manufactured by the mode with any desired.Traction elements 102,104 and 106 can be molded as single-piece and maybe can be molded as independent part and assemble (such as, Part I 120, Part II 122 and stable element 116 can be eachly molded separately, then assembled after fabrication) subsequently.

Traction elements 102,104 and 106 by the combination manufacture of the material of any desired or material, can include but not limited to rubber, metal and plastics.Plastics can comprise thermoplastic polyurethane (" TPU "), polyurethane nylon (" PU nylon ") etc.This material can have the hardness of any desired.Such as, traction elements can comprise tool by grade is TPU material within the scope of 70A-75D.Some exemplary traction elements can comprise multiple material.Such as, main body can comprise the first material, and stable element can comprise the second material being different from the first material.Arbitrary combination can be used to the arbitrary portion of traction elements.

Fig. 2 shows traction elements 201, its can by use replace Fig. 1 traction elements 102,104 and 106 in one or more.Traction elements 201 surface of contacting to earth can be limited by any portion of main body 203.Such as, the Part I 205 of main body 203 and the Part II 207 of main body 203 can have free end surface 209, and this surface limits the part on the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements 201.Main body 203 can limit the passage 211 between the Part I 205 and Part II 207 of main body 203.Being attached end 213 and can being positioned in passage 211 and passage 211 place being attached to main body 203 of stable element 215.In this exemplary configuration, the middle body 217 of stable element 215 is caused extending from main body 203 opening and the free end 219 of stable element 215 is positioned as leaving a distance 221 from main body 203.

As mentioned above, an exemplary embodiment of traction elements can comprise main body and stable element, and this stable element keeps fixing relative to main body.In the example of figure 2, traction elements 201 can comprise main body 203 and stable element 215, and this stable element can bend relative to main body 203, as denoted by the arrows in fig. 2.In this exemplary configuration, middle body 217 and free end 219 can bend along various direction.

Traction elements 201 can be arranged in the recess 223 limited by the surface of contacting to earth of the footwear sole construction of article of footwear 225.In some instances, recess 223 can have the height being less than traction elements 201 height and thus traction elements 201 extend beyond the surface of footwear sole construction 225.Recess 223 can have shape suitable arbitrarily.The shape of the recess 223 shown in Fig. 2 is set to crescent.Main body 203 also can have shape suitable arbitrarily.The exemplary body 203 of the traction elements 201 shown in Fig. 2 is also crescent.The shape of recess 223 and the shape of traction elements 201 can be complementary crescent, shown in the example shown in as total in Fig. 2.Combination of shapes suitable arbitrarily can be used to the main body 203 of recess 223 and/or traction elements 201.In some exemplary configuration, recess 223 and traction elements 201 can have different shapes, such as exemplary embodiment, and its center dant 223 can be ellipse, and traction elements 201 can be crescent.In other exemplary configuration, recess 223 and traction elements 201 can have same or analogous shape, such as exemplary embodiment, and its center dant 223 is oval, and traction elements 201 is oval.

Stable element 215 can be opened from main body 203 extension of traction elements 201 at place at an arbitrary position.In example in fig. 2, stable element 215 extends from the sidewall 227 of main body 203 to be opened.The position be attached in the passage 211 that end 213 limits between the Part I 205 and Part II 207 of main body 203 of stable element 215 is attached to main body 203.In this exemplary embodiment, being attached end 213 can be roughly concordant with the sidewall 227 of the main body 203 of traction elements 201.The afterbody 228 of stable element 215 can be opened from end 213 extension that is attached of stable element 215.Afterbody 229 can extend from the sidewall 227 contrary with the free end 219 of stable element 215 of main body 203 to be opened, as shown in Figure 2.In fact, stable element 215 can be crossing with the main body 203 of traction elements 201.The flexible embodiment of stable element 215 neutralizes in wherein stable element 215 embodiment fixing relative to main body 203 wherein, and afterbody 229 can contact the surface of contacting to earth of footwear sole construction 225.This configuration can offset the free end 219 of stable element 215 and the bending of middle body 217.

Stable element 215 can have shape suitable arbitrarily.In example in fig. 2, stable element 215 is circular, and it attenuates from being attached end 213 to free end 219.In another example, stable element 215 can be the polygon with multiple limit.Stable element 215 also can have end 231 at free end 219 place.In fig. 2 shown in example in, end 231 rounded and formed hooked end, its can when stable element 215 kiss the earth ground-engaging.When stable element 215 and main body 203 operate as individual unit (when such as " fixing " relative to main body when stable element) and when stable element 215 can bend relative to main body 203, the configuration comprising end 231 will provide additional and grabs ground ability and provide support and stability between stable element 215 and ground.End 231 can be hard or soft material.

Stable element in certain embodiments can bend along any direction.Fig. 3 and 4 shows the additional example that stable element in certain embodiments bends.Stable element can respond various power and be bent.Such as, traction elements can be attached to flexible plate.Base plate can be flexible to allow the free end ground-engaging of stable element fully.When the pin of wearer applies force to footwear sole construction, base plate bends and stable element can be caused to extend from footwear sole construction and opens.Stable element can be positioned in each place on footwear sole construction, thus such as, when wearer is engaged in specific activities, running, pivotable, rotation etc., then stable element is opened from footwear sole construction extension and is engaged with ground.

In an alternate embodiment, stable element can keep fixing relative to the main body of traction elements.The traction elements of this exemplary embodiment also can be attached to flexible plate.When the pin of wearer applies force to footwear sole construction, base plate is flexible and cause the main body of traction elements and stable element to extend from footwear sole construction as individual unit opening and engage with ground or surface.

In the example with flexible stabilization element, trigger can be positioned in footwear sole construction, thus when trigger is triggered by power (power such as applied by the pin of wearer), trigger engages to cause its surface from footwear sole construction to extend and opens with stable element.This trigger can be attached to the arbitrary portion of article of footwear.Such as, the part at the middle end of the position extended between the part of the power that the formation that trigger can be formed in the pin of wearer applies and the stable element of traction elements.Trigger also can be attached to the interior end and/or sole liner in similar position.Trigger can be actuator, the spring of such as leaf spring or other type arbitrarily.Trigger also can be simple button-like device, thus when wearer applies force to the specific part of footwear sole construction, this button engagement stabilization member extends to cause it.Any flip-flop element can be used in this design.

In figure 3, exemplary traction elements is shown having flexible stabilization element 301.Stable element 301 can bend around axis 304 from the surface of footwear sole construction 303 and leave, and this axis is limited by the attachment point 305 be attached between end 305 and main body 309 of stable element 301, as shown by the dotted line in fig. 3.Fig. 3 shows stable element 301 and how to engage in bending position 315 with ground.If the footwear sole construction of article of footwear 303 is rotated (such as when wearer can cause article of footwear and footwear sole construction rolls in the inside edge of pin or outer ledge thus) by from inside edge to outer ledge, be engaged with ground the free end 311 of stable element 301 also can be in initially (or neutral) position during at stable element 301.Stable element 301 is flexible to bending position 315.

Fig. 4 shows exemplary traction elements and has flexible stabilization element 401.Stable element 401 can be bent to the second place by the plane being roughly parallel to the plane limited by the surface of contacting to earth of footwear sole construction from primary importance.Primary importance 403 and the second place 405 can represent around " side offside " motion being attached the axis 407 that end 409 limits by stable element 401.Stable element 401 can bend along the axis 407 being attached end 409 of any direction around stable element 401.

The additional embodiment of stabilizer component is described in conjunction with Figure 15 and 18A-19.

Fig. 6-8 shows the first exemplary embodiment of regracting in footwear and extending traction elements.Traction elements in the drawings comprises anti-skid stud assembly, and it has stretcher 608, board package 610 and end 612.Traction elements also comprises leaf spring actuator 602, and it operates in and the following describes.Traction elements is fixed to base plate 606.Although be conveniently depicted as dish, base plate 606 can be the plastics outsole element that extends in the major part of outer bottom length and it also can have the not extending traction elements be formed thereon.In shoe last or hat block plate 604 is comprised in (or being otherwise attached to) upper of a shoe (not shown).Although Fig. 6 shows circle, shoe last or hat block plate 604 can have the shape extended on the Uncircular field of the inside of footwear.

(comprise the viewgraph of cross-section of a part for the footwear of the traction elements of Fig. 6) as shown in Figure 7, sole liner 614 is positioned on shoe last or hat block plate 604.Sole liner 614 be designed to provide comfortableness to wearer and can prevent from abrading, friction or cause due to the pin of wearer and the contact between the upper of a shoe of footwear and footwear sole construction other is uncomfortable.Sole liner 614 can comprise material suitable arbitrarily, and can be removed by from article of footwear.In some instances, article of footwear does not have sole liner.In other example, sole liner 614 is interior ends.

Leaf spring actuator 602 can be any mechanism, and it can reception and cause stretcher 608 respond this power and extend.In the embodiment of Fig. 6-8, leaf spring actuator 602 comprises the plate-like leaf spring as Part I 616.Second or middle body 618 formed and extend from the footwear sole construction of footwear the protuberance 620 opened.Middle body 618 is roughly positioned in the central authorities of Part I 616 and has empty internal 622.Respond the power from the pin of wearer, and (be similar to the viewgraph of cross-section of Fig. 7) as shown in Figure 8, sole liner 614 can partly extend in empty internal 622.

In an alternate embodiment, and as shown in Figure 9, actuator 602' can be coupled or be attached to sole liner 614' or the interior end.Actuator 602' also removes from sole liner 614' or the interior end selectively.The combination at actuator 602' and sole liner 614' or the interior end is also selectively from the remaining part of traction elements with remove from footwear.Sole liner 614' in this exemplary configuration or in other replaceability at the end will be convenient to change the parts of wearing and tearing and can easily clean or repair the interior end and/or actuator (one or more).In another embodiment, footwear sole construction can comprise sole liner or the interior end and multiple actuator, and this actuator can be attached to sole or the interior end.Actuator can be removed from sole liner or the interior end and be changed with the attachment point identical (or different).Attachment point can comprise along the primary importance of sole liner or the outer ledge at interior end location with along the second place under the ossa suffraginis (" big toe ") of the wearer of the position of sole liner or the inside edge at the interior end.In some this embodiments, footwear sole construction can have multiple actuator, and single actuator is alternatively attached to the attachment point of first or second position in other embodiments.In other configuration, attachment point also can be positioned in sole liner or at interior the end.Sole liner or attached between the interior end and actuator (one or more) can be attachment means suitable arbitrarily, include but not limited to that nation is fixed, gluing, cement, molded and mechanical fastener.

The traction elements that footwear sole construction can comprise basal component and extend from this basal component.At least one wall member that traction elements is attached to basal component or the free end relative with this first end with its integrally formed first end and extends between first end and free end.Being constructed by extensible materials at least partially of this at least one wall member, thus traction elements can become second axial length longer than the first axial length from the first axial length.This structure can be set shape with the above-mentioned interior end and actuator combinations matches.

In certain embodiments, actuator can be positioned in the inner space of above-mentioned traction elements.The interior end of footwear sole construction and actuator portion selectively are removed from the traction elements part of footwear sole construction and basal component.These parts can be manufactured separately or can be manufactured together.The interior end of footwear sole construction and actuator portion can be exchanged by with multiple configurations of the traction elements part of footwear sole construction and basal component.

Be back to Fig. 6, the edge 624 of plate-like leaf spring actuator 602 can contact shoe last or hat block plate 604, and the middle body 618 in this shoe last or hat block plate with hole 626 actuator 602 can extend across hole 626.Shoe last or hat block plate 604 can be attached to the footwear sole construction of article of footwear in any suitable way.In certain embodiments, such as, shoe last or hat block plate 604 can be glued to upper of a shoe, and then upper of a shoe and the combination of shoe last or hat block plate are fixed to footwear sole construction.The edge limited shoulder 628 along hole 626 of shoe last or hat block plate 604, the edge 624 of plate-like leaf spring actuator 602 is shelved on this shoulder.Edge 624 can be fixed to edge 628, or actuator 602 can rotate in hole 626.

As shown in Figure 7, base plate 606 can be fixed to shoe last or hat block plate 604 on the side relative with leaf spring actuator 602 of shoe last or hat block plate 604.In other embodiments, upper material can be plugged between shoe last or hat block plate 604 and base plate 606.Base plate 606 comprises hole 630, and middle body 618 extends through this hole 630.Aliging with the hole 626 in shoe last or hat block plate 604 in hole 630 in base plate 606, easily extends through to allow the middle body 618 of actuator 602.Hole 630 in base plate 606 can have the radius of the radius in the hole 626 be slightly smaller than in shoe last or hat block plate 604.Base plate 606 can be attached to shoe last or hat block plate 604 (or to being attached to the upper of a shoe of shoe last or hat block plate 604) in any suitable way, includes but not limited to nation fixed (bonding), cement (cement), gluing (glue), molded (molding) etc.

Board package (plateinlay) 610 contributes to securing elongated device 608 (by end 612) to base plate 606.Particularly, board package 610 around stretcher 608 disk portions and be fixed to base plate 606.First side 632 of stretcher 608 comprises recess 634, and it is set shape to receive the middle body 618 of actuator 602.The middle body 618 of actuator 602 is not snugly combined in recess 634.First side 632 of stretcher 608 is fixed to base plate 606.This part of stretcher 608 also can be plate-like.The radius of the recess 634 of stretcher 608 can be less than the radius in the hole 626 of shoe last or hat block plate and both holes 630 of base plate.Recess 634 limits blind hole, namely has the hole of closed end.In this example, actuator 602 does not extend through stretcher 608 (i.e. the bottom end surface 640 of the bottom contact stretcher 608 of protuberance 620), although it can extend across stretcher 608 in other embodiments.

End 612 is attached to the second side 636 of stretcher 608, and forms the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements.End 612 has chamber 638, and the end 640 of stretcher 608 is engaged in the chamber.As shown in Fig. 7 and 8, the sidewall of traction elements comprises stretcher 608 and the part both end 612 (with the part of optional board package 610).Stretcher 608 is convenient to the axis of traction elements or the elongation of longitudinal length.In the figure 7, traction elements is shown as and is in its retracted position.

Fig. 8 shows the traction elements be in portion stretches position.Downward force in the direction of the arrow from the pin of wearer is passed through sole liner 614 and the section 616 of compression leaf spring element 602.This downward force is passed through the bottom of the blind hole 634 in central section 618 and end 620 to stretcher 608.This causes stretcher 608 to extend, and extends traction elements (stretcher 608 is its parts) thus.The difference be between the length of the stretcher 608 in its retracted mode and the length being in the stretcher 608 in its complete elongation state such as can be about 3 millimeters.As shown in Figure 10A and 10B, stretcher 1000 (being similar to stretcher 608) can have the first length 1002 in its retracted position and the second length 1004 in its extended position.Stretcher 1000 is not fully extended in fig. 1 ob.In certain embodiments, the length 1004 when length 1003 is 0.5mm and stretches out completely is 10mm.In other other embodiments, the length 1004 when length 1002 is 0.75mm and stretches out completely is 8mm.In other other embodiments, the length 1004 when length 1002 is 1mm and stretches out completely is 6mm.In further embodiments, retraction length completely 1002 and the length 1004 when stretching out completely can have other numerical value.

Figure 11-13 shows another example according to traction elements of the present invention.The traction elements structure of Figure 11-13 comprises actuator sub-component 1100a and anti-skid stud sub-component 1100b.Actuator sub-component 1100a comprises button 1124, block mechanism (lasso) 1134 and actuator 1118.Anti-skid stud sub-component 1100b comprises stretcher 1106 and end 1112.Stretcher 1106 is put and is leaned against in anti-skid stud substrate 1102.Although be conveniently depicted as circular configuration, anti-skid stud substrate 1102 can be the plastics outsole element that extends in the major part of footwear outer bottom and it also can comprise the fixing traction elements be formed thereon.Although not shown in fig. 11, the toe shoe last or hat block plate 1147 being similar to plate 604 (Fig. 6-8) is positioned at sole liner 1115 (shown in Figure 12 and 13) and anti-skid stud substrate 1102 and can has the opening (being similar to the opening 626 of plate 606) be positioned on actuator sub-component 1100a.Portion of material from upper of a shoe also can between toe shoe last or hat block plate 1147 and anti-skid stud substrate 1102.

Anti-skid stud substrate (studbase) 1102 has the first shoulder 1126 and the second shoulder 1128.The radius at the second shoulder 1128 place being greater than the inside of anti-skid stud substrate 1102 at the radius at the first shoulder 1126 place of the inside of anti-skid stud substrate 1102.Stretcher 1106 comprises body 1130 (its shape is similar to pipe) and is attached to the lasso 1132 of end of main body 1130.Tubular body 1130 is positioned as the opening 1104 extending through anti-skid stud substrate 1102, and the lasso 1132 of stretcher 1106 is put and leaned against on the second shoulder 1128.A part for the first surface 1114 of end 1112 contacts with the second end 1110 of stretcher 1106.The second surface 1116 of end 1112 forms the surface of contacting to earth of traction elements.The block mechanism 1134 with annular is positioned in the inner space of anti-skid stud substrate 1102, thus it is put and leans against on the first shoulder 1126.Be positioned between block mechanism 1134 and stretcher 1106 is actuator 1118.

Block mechanism by gluing or be otherwise fixed in anti-skid stud substrate 1102, can lean against on shoulder 1126 to put.In other embodiments, block mechanism can be configured to rotate freely relative to stretcher and anti-skid stud substrate.In such an embodiment, block mechanism can rotate freely, thus it can receive torsional load and more reduces and be passed to the twisting resistance of traction elements and/or the amount of shearing force, but the normal force component of the torsional load applied still is allowed to be passed to traction elements and to cause stretcher to extend.This configuration can reduce the non-essential wear extent on traction elements and can increase its durability.In such an embodiment, lubricant material can be included or the material of composition surface can be selected as making block mechanism and having low-friction coefficient between anti-skid stud substrate and stretcher.

The opening 1136 holder portion 1138 on the downside of it (see Figure 12 and 13) of the ring of block mechanism 1134.The Part II 1122 of actuator 1118 is positioned as extending in the tubular body 1130 of stretcher 1106.The Part I 1120 of actuator 1118 is positioned between the upper surface of the seat portion 1138 of block mechanism 1134 and the lasso 1132 of stretcher 1106.In like fashion, the seat portion 1138 of block mechanism 1134 provides block upwards for actuator 1118.

Actuator 1118 has opening 1140, and it extends through Part II 1122 from the Part I of actuator 1118.Button 1124 snugly engages with the Part I 1120 of actuator 1118.Button can be formed by any materials, such as high density polyethylene (HDPE) (" HDPE ") or other plastics.Button 1124 can rotate freely in the Part I 1120 of actuator 1118, to help to promote torsional load and reduce to be applied to the shearing force of traction elements and the amount of twisting resistance.Lubricant material can be included or the material of the Part I 1120 of actuator 1118 and the composition surface of button 1124 can be selected as the low-friction coefficient that has relative to each other.

As shown in figs. 12, the part 1146 of button 1124 extends in the opening 1140 of actuator 1118.The surface 1114 of end 1112 is actuated the lower surface contact of the Part II 1122 of device 1118.Protuberance 1142 extends up through the inside of (stretcher 1106) main body 1130 from surface 1114 and enters the opening 1140 of actuator 1118.Response actuator 1118 on downward force, Part II 1122 contact surface 1114 and cause stretcher 1106 to extend and the length of traction elements increase.

Joint between button 1124 and actuator 1118 can contribute to distributing equably from the power of the pin of wearer across the surface of the Part I 1120 of actuator 1118.As above indication, button 1124 can rotate in the hollow tube 1140 of actuator 1118.In another embodiment, button 1124 can be snugly bonded in hollow tube 1140.Additionally, button 1124 can have smooth surface, and its contact for the pin of wearer is more comfortable.

Actuator assemblies comprises button and actuator can snugly engage block mechanism.Term " snugly engages " and represents that the surface with close complementary is to closely cooperate and/or to prevent from relative to each other rotating.Lubricant material can be included or the material of composition surface can be selected as the low-friction coefficient that has relative to each other.

When the pin of the torsional load person of being worn applies, actuator assemblies can rotate freely.Device configuration allows actuator assemblies (such as pivotable, change direction and rotation) in the activity bringing out torsional load to rotate together with the upper portion of article of footwear with the pin of wearer.This configuration also will be reduced in the torsional load being applied to traction elements in this motion process and the durability increasing traction elements.Alternatively, block mechanism snugly engages with actuator by the one or more grooves be limited in block mechanism, and this groove mates with the respective bump (one or more) in the Part I being limited to actuator.In an example, exist along two respective groove in edge limited two relatively protruding and block mechanisms of the Part I of actuator, this groove is set up shape to receive this projection.In another example, the projection at a series of six intervals is equably by the edge limited of the Part I along actuator and the respective groove at six intervals is equably limited in block mechanism, and this groove receives this projection.Connection block mechanism suitable arbitrarily and the mode of actuator can be used.

Any edge in said elements or surface can be inclined-plane, straight, rounding or other structures expected arbitrarily.And these elements are engaged with each other by flat surfaces or by mechanical connector (such as sun or cloudy connection, groove or other complementary parts).

Regracting and extending traction elements can be manufactured by the mode with any desired.Such as, traction elements can be molded.In example manufacturing process, the first mould can be formed by stretcher, anti-skid stud substrate (or bottom deck assembly) and end.First mould is formed by material feeding (shot) sequence, and this material feeding sequence comprises the first material feeding (comprise and form stretcher) and the second material feeding (comprise and form anti-skid stud substrate/bottom deck assembly and end).When plastics cool in a mold, be bonded to each other stretcher, anti-skid stud substrate/bottom deck assembly and terminal chemical.In further embodiments, first anti-skid stud end is formed in independent mould.Then this molded anti-skid stud end is placed in the second mould.Then anti-skid stud substrate is molded in the second mould.After the substrate of formation anti-skid stud, stretcher is molded in the second mould, to connect anti-skid stud end and anti-skid stud substrate.

Once cooling, then the first mould can be inserted into the second mould.3rd material feeding can be injected in the second mould.3rd material feeding can comprise formation board package.In a second mold, the board package of the 3rd material feeding can by the winding at least partially around stretcher.Alternatively, all material feedings in this material feeding sequence can be formed in equal dies.Additional step can be comprised in material feeding sequence.The element of traction elements is chemically combined by changing pressure when material feeding sequence is performed, time and temperature.

Figure 14 shows a part for the footwear 1400 with two extending traction elements according to another embodiment.Footwear 1400 have footwear sole construction, and it comprises base plate 1401.Following explanation in detail, base plate 1401 also comprises hole, and actuator movement passes this hole to extend the stretcher 1501 and 1502 (Figure 15) of two extending traction elements 1503 and 1504.

As shown in Figure 14, and shown in more detail Figure 15, base plate 1401 also comprises multiple fixing (non-elongate) traction elements 1402.Base plate 1401 also comprises the first stabilizer 1508 be associated with traction elements 1402a and 1402b, and the second stabilizer 1509 be associated with traction elements 1402c and 1402d.Stabilizer 1508 and 1509 below composition graphs 18a to 19 is discussed.Element 1402a and 1402b surperficial 1431a and the 1431b composition graphs 18B that contacts to earth separately discusses.

Return Figure 14, footwear 1400 comprise toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 and sole liner 1404.A part for sole liner 1404 is removed to expose toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 in fig. 14.Upper of a shoe (not shown) is wound around around the downside of toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403.Upper of a shoe be incorporated in base plate 1401 and thus between plate 1403 and base plate 1401 in the forefoot region of footwear 1400.Carbon fiber reinforced polymer gripper shoe, not shown in fig. 14, also can be plugged between upper of a shoe and base plate 1401.Sole liner 1404 be maintained at upper of a shoe inside and put lean against extending traction elements 1503 and 1504 actuator button 1408 and 1409 on.Also figure 14 illustrates annular block lasso 1401 and 1411, its purposes is discussed below.

Figure 16 A-16C is the amplifier section viewgraph of cross-section of a part for the footwear 1400 taking from the position marked in Figure 14.In Figure 16 A-16C, special characteristic has been left in the basket to avoid unnecessary details to make Figure 16 A-16C unclear.Such as, the internal feature (groove 1701, the inward flange at edge 1612) of lasso 1410 visual is in fig. 17 not shown in Figure 16 A-16C.

Figure 16 A-16C shows the additional detail of extending traction elements 1504.Traction elements 1503 has similar structure and operates in a similar fashion.First go to Figure 16 A, traction elements 1504 comprises elastic extension device 1502 and is attached end component 1601.Be similar to previous embodiment, end component 1602 can be formed by the material harder than the material for stretcher 1502.Stretcher 1502 comprises edge 1602, is incorporated in the shelf 1603 be formed in base plate 1401 on the downside of it.Stretcher 1502 also comprises cylindrical part 1604, and it extends through the opening of the base plate 1401 be centered in shelf 1603.

Is actuator element 1606 also shown in Figure 16 A.Actuator 1606 comprises stretch out flange 1607 and downward protuberance 1608.Element 1606 also comprises through hole 1609.The rising portions 1605 of end component 1601 is engaged in hole 1609 at lower end.The column cap 1610 of button 1408 is engaged in hole 1609 at upper end.Be similar to the button 1124 in the embodiment in Figure 11-13 and actuation member 1106, but button 1408 to rotate freely around axis Z relative to element 1606 and is kept not relative to element 1606 translation.Border circular areas 1613 on the upper surface of button 1408 is by coarse or otherwise arrange texture, to reduce the slip of the downside relative to sole liner 1404.

Also as shown in Figure 16 A, block lasso 1410 to be put in the chamber 1615 leaning against and be formed in base plate 1401 and is bonded to its sidewall.The additional detail of the layout in lasso 1410 to chamber 1615 is discussed in conjunction with Figure 17 below.Block lasso 1410 comprises edge 1612, its opening extended through around button 1408.The downside at edge 1612 forms seat portion, and it is used as stop section to limit moving up of actuator element 1608.Also as the discussion of index map 17 below, flange 1607 comprises lug, and it is engaged in the respective groove of lasso 1410.This lug and arrangements of grooves allow actuator 1608 in lasso 1410 upwards and move downward, and prevent element 1608 from rotating relative to lasso 1410 simultaneously.

Figure 16 A also show a part for fibre reinforced gripper shoe 1614, and it is incorporated in base plate 1401.In the embodiment of footwear 1400, a part for gripper shoe 1614 is exposed on the downside of footwear 1400.Also appreciable in Figure 16 A is the some parts of toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403.From the material (not shown) of upper of a shoe by the space 1618 between toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 and gripper shoe 1614.Opening 1617 in plate 1403 exposes lasso 1410 and button 1408.Sole liner 1404, it conveniently omits from Figure 16 A, puts and leans against on plate 1403 and cover lasso 1410 and button 1408.In certain embodiments, and also as shown in fig. 16, the top surface of button 1408 and lasso 1410 is substantially flush with the top surface of the toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 be close in the region of lasso 1410.The top surface of button 1409 and lasso 1411 flushes similarly with the top surface of the shoe last or hat block plate 1403 in the region of contiguous lasso 1411.This contributes to the smooth surface of the downside provided in the face of sole liner 1404.

In a particular embodiment, and as shown in fig. 16, base plate 1401 is formed by two kinds of different materials.Low portion 1636 is anti-skid stud substrates, and it comprises the region that fixing traction elements 1402, stabilizer 1508 and 1509 and extending traction elements 1503 and 1504 are attached to.Upper part 1636 is connectors, and it forms the remainder of base plate 1401.

For the exemplary dimensions of each feature, as indication in Figure 16 B, provide in table 1 below.For providing in the exemplary materials table 2 below of the parts from Figure 16 A.Show the example only provided according to some embodiments for two.Other embodiment comprises the parts being manufactured and/or have different size by other material.

Table 1

Table 2

Extending traction elements 1503 and 1504 operates in the mode of the embodiment being similar to Figure 11-13.As shown in figure 16 c, the downward power from the pin of wearer promotes button 1408 along outside direction.This causes stretcher 1502 to extend, and increases the length of traction elements 1504 thus.In at least some embodiments, distance e (Figure 16 B) is about 3mm, allows the maximum extension of (and thus element 1504) 3mm of stretcher 1502 thus.In this embodiment of at least some, stretcher 1502 be set up size and and formed by material, this material allows the clean downward force of response about 400 newton and produces maximum 3mm and extend.

Figure 17 is the decomposition view that part is amplified, and shows block lasso 1410 and actuator sub-component (actuator element 1606 and button 1408) is removed from footwear 1400.The inwall of lasso 1410 comprises multiple groove 1701.The flange 1607 of actuator element 1606 comprises multiple lug 1702.Each lug 1702 corresponds to a groove 1701 (and wherein vertical ground motion).In certain embodiments, the top of flange 1607 and sidepiece polished to be easy to move up and down in lasso 1410.Similarly, the downside of button 1408 of the outer surface (Figure 16 A) of column cap 1610, the inwall in hole 1609 contacted by column cap 1610, the upper surface of contact flange 1607 and the respective upper surfaces of the flange 1607 of contact button 1408 also can be polished, so that button 1408 rotating freely relative to actuator element 1606.

In certain embodiments, by first molded anti-skid stud assembly during the manufacture of the outer bottom of footwear 1400, it comprise extending traction elements 1503 and 1504, not extending traction elements 1402, for the cantilever beam stabilizer (one or more) of one or more not extending traction elements and anti-skid stud substrate.As the first step forming anti-skid stud assembly, stretcher is molded.After formation stretcher, anti-skid stud substrate 1636, extending traction elements end (end of end 1601 and element 1503) and not extending traction elements are molded in the position around stretcher.Then the anti-skid stud assembly formed is disposed in the mould with fibre reinforced plate 1614, and the remainder of bottom 1401 is molded by together with board package connector 1635.

In another embodiment, the formation of anti-skid stud assembly is by first forming extending traction elements end component in independent mould.Then molded end component is arranged in a second mold and anti-skid stud substrate 1636 is molded by this second mould.After the substrate of formation anti-skid stud, stretcher 1501 and 1502 is molded and puts in place to be connected end component and anti-skid stud substrate 1636.After forming anti-skid stud assembly in this way, it is disposed in the mould with fibre reinforced plate 1614, and the remainder of bottom 1401 is molded by together with board package connector 1635.

The upper of a shoe of footwear 1400 is assembled with toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 individually.Then upper of a shoe assembly is incorporated in outer bottom, and the opening in toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403 aligns with the opening (it corresponds to extending traction elements 1503 and 1504) in base plate 1401.Button 1408 is disposed in the top of actuator, and actuator 1606 is arranged in (see Figure 17) in lasso 1410 by the downside from lasso 1410.Lasso/actuator assemblies then by the internal placement from upper of a shoe in opening 1615, bonding agent is disposed on the surface of contact base plate 1401 of lasso 1410.Button 1409, lasso 1411 and the actuator for traction elements 1503 are assembled in a similar fashion and are installed.

In certain embodiments, the extension (see Figure 16 A) of end 1601 and the respective surfaces in hole 1609 have coupling screw thread.In such an embodiment, the end for extending traction elements is attached by end is screwed into position.Alternatively, end 1601 threaded extension 1605 can be formed in being threadedly engaged in stretcher 1502.In another embodiment, end 1601 threaded extension can be formed in stretcher 1502 be threadedly engaged and be formed in being threadedly engaged in hole 1609.In another embodiment, extension 1605 is metal and only the exposed bottom of end is formed by polymer.Have in threaded post some embodiments as a part for extending traction elements, anti-skid stud is molded by together with integrated threaded post.This threaded post is used as the attachment point of actuator.This actuator can have the internal thread be molded in actuator post.In assembling process, actuator can be threadably engaged on anti-skid stud end, and the cooperation and then actuator shell can be fixed (engaging in place with cement) is on actuator flange.

Figure 18 A is the viewgraph of cross-section taking from home position in Figure 15, shows a part for the base plate 1401 comprising stabilizer 1508.The viewgraph of cross-section of Figure 16 A takes from length along stabilizer 1508 by its binary plane.The similar of stabilizer 1509 and stabilizer 1508 and operating in a similar fashion.In Figure 18 A, footwear 1400 are put and are leaned against in ground G and be currently subject to significant dynamic load.Such as, the wearer of footwear 1400 can lie in ground G by quiet vertical and pin.

In certain embodiments, all stabilizers 1508 and 1509 and all traction elements 1402 (comprising element 1402a-1402d) are formed (such as by a kind of material, DESMOPANDP3660D shown in table 2), its connector being utilized different materials (DESMOPANDP3695A such as shown in table 2) is attached to the other parts of base plate 1401.In other embodiments, fixing traction elements is partly formed by the first material with the bottom (contacting to earth) of stabilizer and fixes traction elements and formed (such as identical with the material for connector) by different materials with the upper part of stabilizer.In order to simplify, Figure 18 A-19 does not attempt to illustrate multiple material.What omit from Figure 18 A-19 similarly is other inner members of upper of a shoe, reinforcement plate 1614, toe shoe last or hat block plate 1403, sole liner 1404 and footwear 1400.

Stabilizer 1508 comprises bottom 1801, middle body 1802 and has the far-end 1803 in region 1804 of contacting to earth.Be different from some embodiments above described in composition graphs 1-5, stabilizer 1508 and 1509 is integrated into (and not independent of) base plate 1401.Such as, middle body 1802 is attached to the upper part of base plate 1401 by the whole length along part 1802.But in the active procedure of the various applying dynamic loads carried out at footwear 1400, stabilizer 1508 and 1509 deflects with base plate 1401 and contributes to providing the stability of pin.

This dynamic load and the example of distortion that causes are shown in Figure 18 A.Figure 18 B is the viewgraph of cross-section of the same position taking from Figure 18 A, but is in the use procedure of footwear 1400 in Motor activity.In the example of Figure 18 B, the wearer of footwear 1400 is to the outside being extrapolated to footwear 1400.If this such as can betide (such as to the stock removal action (cuttingmotion) of the left of wearer) when wearer moves fast along the direction in outside leaving footwear 1400.Respond these power of being caused by the activity of wearer, the inner side distortion of a little inwardly footwear 1400 of the fixing traction elements 1402 on the outer ledge of footwear 1400.The adjoining part of stabilizer 1508 and base plate 1401 also can be out of shape a little.Such as, middle body 1802 is with the other parts of the base plate 1401 under the pin being positioned at wearer and slight curvature.Due to stabilizer 1508 and or the distortion of element 1402a and 1402b, region 1804,1431a with 1431b (see Figure 15) contact with ground G.This provide multi-point support, it can contribute to the pin stablizing wearer in Motor activity.

Figure 19 is the partial cross-sectional views taking from position shown in Figure 18 A, and traction elements 1402a and 1402b is omitted.As dotted line indication, stabilizer 1508 also can transversely be out of shape in the direction of the length of middle body 1802 a little.

The aforementioned description of embodiment is shown based on the object illustrated and describe.Aforementioned explanation is not in order to limit or restriction embodiment are to detailed description herein or the precise forms mentioned.Under the guide of above-mentioned instruction, amendment and variant are possible or can obtain from the practice of various embodiment.Embodiment discussed herein is selected and is illustrated so that explain the principle and character of each embodiment and their practical application, can manufacture to make those skilled in the art after the various amendments carrying out being suitable for concrete intention use and use these and other embodiment.Scope of the present invention is fallen into from any of above-described embodiment and all character displacements.The quoting of feature of the physical component of the protection article relative to wearer in the claims or exercise performance when being worn relative to item to be protected does not need the actual performance of actual dress or relative motion to meet claim.

Claims (46)

1. an article of footwear, comprising:
Outer bottom substrate;
Elastic component, it has the first end fixed relative to this outer bottom substrate and gives prominence to the second end left from this outer bottom substrate, this elastic component forms a part for traction elements, and this traction elements is positioned as piercing through ground when these article are used by the wearer of these article;
Actuation member, it is positioned at this elastic component and is positioned as the power of transmission from the pin of wearer to this elastic component second end, and this actuation member comprises flange; And
Shelves are lasso only, and it is fixed relative to described outer bottom substrate and have edge, wherein
Actuation member flange is configured to the downward force that responds in actuation member and stops lasso edge from shelves and move out, with elasticity of elongation component, and
Shelves only lasso edge are positioned as subtracting hours contact actuation member flange when the downward force in actuation member and limiting actuation member towards the interior zone motion in the upper of a shoe of article.
2. article of footwear as claimed in claim 1, its middle-grade only lasso comprises groove, and it cooperates to stop actuation member to stop the rotation of lasso relative to shelves with the projection of actuation member.
3. article of footwear as claimed in claim 2, wherein groove cooperates with projection and also stops actuation member relative to the rotation of elastic component.
4. article of footwear as claimed in claim 1, wherein said elastic component is configured to respond the power of about 400 newton and extends about 3mm.
5. article of footwear as claimed in claim 1, also comprises the end component being attached to described elastic component, wherein
This end component is positioned as being the part farthest relative to described outer bottom substrate of traction elements, and
This end component is formed by the material with the hardness larger than the hardness of described elastic component.
6. article of footwear as claimed in claim 5, wherein said end component comprises the first threaded portion, and at least one in described elastic component and described actuation member comprises the second threaded portion, and this second threaded portion is corresponding and engage this first threaded portion.
7. article of footwear as claimed in claim 5, wherein said end component comprises the steel core being positioned at described elastic component.
8. article of footwear as claimed in claim 1, also comprises:
Second elastic component, it has the first end fixed relative to this outer bottom substrate and gives prominence to the second end left from this outer bottom substrate, this the second elastic component forms a part for the second traction elements, and this second traction elements is configured to pierce through ground when these article are used by the wearer of these article; With
Second actuation member, it is positioned at this second elastic component and is positioned as the power of transmission from the pin of wearer to this second elastic component second end.
9. article of footwear as claimed in claim 1, also comprises:
Be attached to the second traction elements of described outer bottom substrate, this second traction elements stretches out from this outer bottom substrate and has the Part I orientated as and contact to earth; With
Stabilizer, its have be connected to this second traction elements bottom, extend the middle body opened across outer bottom substrate from this second traction elements, and the far-end had from bottom displacement, this far-end has the Part II being configured to contact to earth, and the power that causes of the activity that wherein this stabilizer is configured to the wearer responding these article and with outer bottom substrate deflection, contacting to earth so that this first and second part is arranged as.
10. article of footwear as claimed in claim 9, wherein said stabilizer comprises the protuberance be positioned on described far-end.
11. article of footwear as claimed in claim 9, wherein said second traction elements is positioned at the adjacent edges of outer bottom substrate and this stabilizer extends towards the interior section of described outer bottom substrate.
12. article of footwear as claimed in claim 11, near the outer ledge of wherein said second traction elements in the forefoot region of described outer bottom substrate.
13. 1 kinds of article of footwear, comprising:
Outer bottom substrate;
Elastic component, it has the first end fixed relative to this outer bottom substrate and gives prominence to the second end left from this outer bottom substrate, this elastic component forms a part for traction elements, and this traction elements is positioned as piercing through ground when these article are used by the wearer of these article;
Actuation member, it is positioned at this elastic component and is positioned as the power of transmission from the pin of wearer to this elastic component second end;
In the upper of a shoe of article and outside at the bottom of base on interior zone; And
Between actuation member and this interior zone, be positioned at the button in actuation member, wherein but this button is limited the translation relative to this actuation member can rotates relative to this actuation member.
14. article of footwear as claimed in claim 13, also comprise shelves and stop lasso, it is fixed relative to described outer bottom substrate and has edge, wherein
Actuation member flange comprises flange, the downward force in its response actuation member and stop lasso edge from shelves and move out, with elasticity of elongation component, and
Shelves only lasso edge are positioned as moving towards described interior zone when the downward force in actuation member subtracts hours contact actuation member flange and limits actuation member, and
Groove cooperates with projection and also stops actuation member relative to the rotation of elastic component.
15. article of footwear as claimed in claim 13, also comprise shelves and stop lasso, it is fixed relative to described outer bottom substrate and has edge, wherein
Actuation member flange comprises flange, the downward force in its response actuation member and stop lasso edge from shelves and move out, with elasticity of elongation component, and
Shelves only lasso edge are positioned as moving towards described interior zone when the downward force in actuation member subtracts hours contact actuation member flange and limits actuation member.
16. 1 kinds of article of footwear, comprising:
Footwear sole construction, the bottom side that this footwear sole construction comprises exposure and the stabilizer extended from the bottom side of this exposure along first direction, and wherein
This first direction roughly leaves from this exposure bottom side,
This stabilizer comprises bottom, middle body and far-end,
The contiguous bottom of middle body and far-end,
Stabilizer also extends along second direction,
Second direction is roughly parallel to the bottom side of exposure,
Bottom, middle body and far-end align along second direction,
Far-end has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body,
Far-end has flat surfaces, and it is positioned in when article are worn and contacts to earth,
Middle body has the exposed surface being roughly parallel to flat surfaces, and
Exposed surface is less than the height of flat surfaces along the height of first direction.
17. article of footwear as claimed in claim 16, wherein
Footwear sole construction comprises the traction elements that is associated of location, contiguous bottom,
Traction elements extends from the bottom side exposed along first direction,
Traction elements has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body, and
The wall surface of traction elements is connected to the wall surface of stabilizer.
18. article of footwear as claimed in claim 17, wherein
Footwear sole construction comprises second traction elements that is associated of location, contiguous bottom,
Second traction elements extends from the bottom side exposed along first direction,
Second traction elements has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body, and
The wall surface of the second traction elements is connected to another wall surface of stabilizer.
19. article of footwear as claimed in claim 16, wherein far-end is the terminal of stabilizer.
20. article of footwear as claimed in claim 19, wherein stabilizer is greater than the maximum height of far-end along the length of second direction.
21. article of footwear as claimed in claim 16, wherein the length of exposed surface is greater than the length of flat surfaces.
22. article of footwear as claimed in claim 21, wherein stabilizer be parallel to first direction and perpendicular to the plane of second direction in there is trapezoid cross section substantially.
23. article of footwear as claimed in claim 21, wherein stabilizer is arranged in the forefoot region of footwear sole construction.
24. article of footwear as claimed in claim 21, wherein second direction extends from the neighboring of footwear sole construction towards the middle section of footwear sole construction.
25. article of footwear as claimed in claim 21, also comprise the second stabilizer, it has the shape being similar to described stabilizer.
26. article of footwear as claimed in claim 21, wherein footwear sole construction comprise base plate and described stabilizer and base plate for overall.
27. 1 kinds of article of footwear, comprising:
Footwear sole construction, the bottom side that this footwear sole construction comprises exposure and the stabilizer extended from the bottom side of this exposure along first direction, and wherein
This first direction roughly leaves from the interior zone of the upper of a shoe of the article be positioned on footwear sole construction,
This stabilizer comprises bottom, middle body and far-end,
The contiguous bottom of middle body and far-end,
Stabilizer also extends along second direction,
Second direction is roughly parallel to the bottom side of exposure,
Bottom, middle body and far-end align along second direction,
Far-end has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body,
Stabilizer has the second substantially trapezoidal and shorter by first trapezoidal cross section formed in the plane being parallel to second and first direction,
First trapezoidally extends the length of stabilizer along second direction and comprises part exposed side, and this part exposed side extends second direction and consistent with the exposed edge of middle body,
The second trapezoidal part corresponding to far-end, comprise the unexposed side extended along second direction, it is connected to the unexposed portion of the first trapezoidal portions exposed side, and comprises exposed side, and it extends along second direction at least in part and is positioned in when article are worn and contacts to earth.
28. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein
Footwear sole construction comprises the traction elements that is associated of location, contiguous bottom,
Traction elements extends from the bottom side exposed along first direction,
Traction elements has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body, and
The wall surface of traction elements is connected to the wall surface of stabilizer.
29. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein
Footwear sole construction comprises second traction elements that is associated of location, contiguous bottom,
Second traction elements extends from the bottom side exposed along first direction,
Second traction elements has the maximum height along first direction, and it is greater than the maximum height of middle body, and
The wall surface of the second traction elements is connected to another wall surface of stabilizer.
30. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein first and second trapezoidally all comprise additional exposure side, and it forms a part for the exposed end face of far-end.
31. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein the length of the exposed edge of middle body is greater than the length of the second trapezoidal exposed side.
32. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein stabilizer be parallel to first direction and perpendicular to the plane of second direction in there is trapezoid cross section substantially.
33. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein stabilizer is positioned at the forefoot region of footwear sole construction.
34. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein second direction extends from the neighboring of bottom side towards the middle section of bottom side.
35. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, also comprise the second stabilizer, it has the shape being similar to the first stabilizer.
36. article of footwear as claimed in claim 27, wherein footwear sole construction comprise base plate and stabilizer and base plate for overall.
37. 1 kinds of article of footwear, comprising:
Outer bottom substrate;
First traction elements, it is attached to outer bottom substrate and comprises:
Elastic component, it has the first end fixed relative to this outer bottom substrate and gives prominence to the second end left from this outer bottom substrate, this elastic component forms a part for the first traction elements, and this first traction elements is positioned as piercing through ground when these article are used by the wearer of these article;
Actuation member, it is positioned at this elastic component and is positioned as the power of transmission from the pin of wearer to this elastic component second end;
Second traction elements, it is attached to the second traction elements of described outer bottom substrate, and this second traction elements stretches out from this outer bottom substrate and has the Part I orientated as and contact to earth; With
Stabilizer, its have be connected to this second traction elements bottom, extend the middle body opened across outer bottom substrate from this second traction elements, and the far-end had from bottom displacement, this far-end has the Part II being configured to contact to earth, and the power that causes of the activity that wherein this stabilizer is configured to the wearer responding these article and with outer bottom substrate deflection, contacting to earth so that this first and second part is arranged as.
38. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, also comprise the interior zone in the upper of a shoe of these article, and this interior zone is configured to the pin keeping wearer, and wherein these article are configured to limit the motion of described actuation member towards this interior zone.
39. article of footwear as claimed in claim 38, also comprise block lasso, and wherein this block lasso is fixed relative to described outer bottom substrate and is positioned as limiting the motion of described actuation member towards described interior zone.
40. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, wherein said article are configured to the rotation preventing this actuation member relative to this elastic component.
41. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, also comprise:
Interior zone in the upper of a shoe of article; And
Between actuation member and this interior zone, be positioned at the button in actuation member, wherein but this button is limited the translation relative to this actuation member can rotates relative to this actuation member.
42. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, wherein said elastic component is configured to respond the power of about 400 newton and extends about 3mm.
43. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, also comprise the end component being attached to described elastic component, wherein
This end component is positioned as being the part farthest relative to described outer bottom substrate of the first traction elements, and
This end component is formed by the material with the hardness larger than the hardness of described elastic component.
44. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, wherein said stabilizer comprises the protuberance be positioned on described far-end, and Part II is positioned on the face of this protuberance.
45. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, the interior section of the edge local of the wherein contiguous nonlocal substrate of the second traction elements and stabilizer substrate toward the outside extends.
46. article of footwear as claimed in claim 37, the outer ledge location of contiguous nonlocal substrate in the forefoot region of wherein the second traction elements substrate outside, and the interior section of wherein stabilizer substrate toward the outside extends.
CN201510679560.9A 2009-04-02 2010-04-01 Traction Elements CN105361347A (en)

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US16619109P true 2009-04-02 2009-04-02
US61/166,191 2009-04-02
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EP1839511A2 (en) * 2006-03-09 2007-10-03 The Timberland Company Footwear with independent suspension and protection
CN101120830A (en) * 2006-05-17 2008-02-13 伯格豪斯有限公司 Footwear sole

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3063171A (en) * 1961-05-16 1962-11-13 Hollander C Jay Shoe cleat
US4550510A (en) * 1981-04-03 1985-11-05 Pensa, Inc. Basketball shoe sole
US4590693A (en) * 1983-06-21 1986-05-27 Mizuno Corporation Baseball or softball shoe sole
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US6722061B2 (en) * 2001-11-20 2004-04-20 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a replaceable ground-engaging member and method of attaching the ground-engaging member
US20050217149A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-10-06 Ho Min H Sole nail
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Application publication date: 20160302