CN105359814B - A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105359814B
CN105359814B CN201510903933.6A CN201510903933A CN105359814B CN 105359814 B CN105359814 B CN 105359814B CN 201510903933 A CN201510903933 A CN 201510903933A CN 105359814 B CN105359814 B CN 105359814B
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China
Prior art keywords
bai yun
yun shen
shen
bai
ridge
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CN201510903933.6A
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CN105359814A (en
Inventor
宋细忠
黄样华
曾小文
李金林
邹军
吴君臣
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JIANGXI QINGCHUN KANGYUAN PHARMACEUTICAL CO Ltd
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JIANGXI QINGCHUN KANGYUAN PHARMACEUTICAL CO Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of white clouds method for planting ginseng, first selects the sandy soil leveling of 400~1800m of height above sea level, does ridge;Disinfection is planted again;Bai Yun Shen comes up, in time shade, weeding, fertilising;Fleshy root is dug out during harvest, removes impurity.The present invention can increase the biomass in Bai Yun Shen growth period, reduce the pest and disease damage of Bai Yun Shen, increase its yield per unit area.Solves the bottleneck problem in the domestication plantation of wild Bai Yun Shen.Plantation step of the present invention is easy, and cost is low, at the same can effective environmental protection, prevent erosion;Easily the peasant household of plantation is allowed to receive, beneficial to popularization.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen
Technical field
The invention belongs to Chinese medicine to tame field of planting, specifically, is related to a kind of method for taming plantation Bai Yun Shen.
Background technology
Bai Yun Shen is Miao in Guizhou conventional crude drugs, at present still main leading harvesting wild resource, and wild Bai Yun Shen is because excessively Excavation, wild increasingly exhausted Critical Condition.To solve the resource problem of Bai Yun Shen, the wild domestication for having carried out Bai Yun Shen is planted Training experiment, although obtaining success, Bai Yun Shen biomass accumulation within its growth phase is slow, and easily infested, root easily rots Death, so as to cause low in economic efficiency, farmer's enthusiasm is not high, and therefore, this is the bottleneck for restricting Bai Yun Shen plantation development.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen, can improve Bai Yun Shen yield per unit area, reduce on plant Worm, the chance of rotten, improve the economic and social benefits.
The purpose of the present invention is what is carried out in the following manner:
A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen, include the following steps:
1) site preparation:Growing area is set in careless slope or the jungle on the sunny side of 400~1800m of height above sea level, agriculture is sprinkled in late April Family's fertilizer, planting site is ploughed deeply and ploughs the thin leveling of rake, does ridge;
2) compost, disinfection:By the stem of plant, leaf sealing isolation air 5~6 months, organic fertilizer is just decomposed, it is decomposed after have Machine fertilizer is mixed thoroughly on having cement flooring, prevents the pollution of harmful insect;In planting area cave mu apply decomposed manure 2000~ 3000 kilograms, it is laid with 2~5 cm thicks;Organic fertilizer and surrounding soil 1 kilogram of 1.5% parathion-methyl -3% of application per ton oppose Hundred worm mixing powders carry out disinfection, 2.5-3.5 centimetres of thickness of earth-fill cover.
3) nursery:Late April chooses good, the sturdy seed of plant type, after being cleaned with washing powder, then when the 3-5 that is soaked in water is small, Dry in the shade;Bai Yun Shen seed is sprinkling upon on seedbed, watering ensures ground moistening, covers straw;The watering can respectively water one sooner or later It is secondary;
4) seedling management:It should shade during Bai Yun Shen seedling emergence, water, apply fertilizer, avoid shining upon, and remove impurity elimination in time Grass;The fertilising is after in mid or late June, seedling is unearthed, and starts July to spray urea, applies 20~30kg of urea per acre, spray urea Concentration be 0.5%~1.5%, the nitrogen content of urea is not less than 46%;
5) transplant:In the ridge Chuan Shangwa caves of planting area, when the white clouds seedling length on seedbed is to 18-25 centimetres, choosing is strong For real seedling replanting in the cave dug, strain is 1.5-2 meters with strain spacing;The spacing can ensure that planting density is suitable, Bai Yun Shen Photosynthesis is easily carried out, absorbs nutrient, while be also suitable for the breeding of Bai Yun Shen;
6) harvest:Bai Yun Shen the next winter harvests, and can dig out fleshy root after ground plant has been cut, and removes impurity; The fleshy root is Chinese medicine, has higher medical value and economic benefit.
Step 1) the ridge of doing is first to stamp ruling every 2 meters on the ground, ditches, then the soil in ditch is raised to both sides point, 1.7 meters of row spacing is made, the ridge bed of 25-35 centimetres of furrow width, such as arid, can irrigate along ditch, in case sowing.
Step 2) the parathion-methyl is provided by Shanghai Han Xiang bio tech ltd, and metrifonate is by Henan Province Shangqiu God insecticide factory provides.
Advantage of the invention is that:
The implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen of the present invention prevent the dirt of pest by the processing that carries out disinfection to seed, soil and fertilizer Dye, improves survival rate, improves the yield of Bai Yun Shen, improve the economic benefit of farmer.Plantation step of the present invention is easy, Cost is low, at the same can effective environmental protection, prevent erosion;Easily the peasant household of plantation is allowed to receive, beneficial to popularization.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen of the present invention, comprise the following steps:
1) site preparation:Growing area is set in careless slope or the jungle on the sunny side of 400~1800m of height above sea level, agriculture is sprinkled in late April Family's fertilizer, which ploughs deeply planting site, ploughs the thin leveling of rake, does ridge.
It is first to stamp ruling every 2 meters on the ground to do ridge, is ditched, and then the soil in ditch is raised to both sides point, makes row spacing 1.7 Rice, the ridge bed that 30 centimetres of furrow width, such as arid, can irrigate along ditch, in case sowing.
2) compost, disinfection:The stem of plant, leaf sealing are completely cut off into air 5~6 months, organic fertilizer is just decomposed.Having after decomposed Machine fertilizer is mixed thoroughly on having cement flooring, prevents the pollution of harmful insect.In planting area cave mu apply decomposed manure 2000~ 3000 kilograms, it is laid with 2~5 cm thicks.Organic fertilizer and surrounding soil application 1 kilogram of parathion-methyl-metrifonate powder per ton Agent carries out disinfection, and then sows, 3 centimetres of thickness of earth-fill cover.
3) nursery:Late April roguing type is good, sturdy seed, after being cleaned with washing powder, then be soaked in water 4 it is small when, dry in the shade. Bai Yun Shen seed is sprinkling upon on seedbed, watering ensures ground moistening, covers straw.The watering can respectively water once sooner or later.
4) seedling management:It should shade during Bai Yun Shen seedling emergence, water, apply fertilizer, avoid shining upon, and remove impurity elimination in time Grass.The fertilising is after in mid or late June, seedling is unearthed, and starts July to spray urea, applies 20~30kg of urea per acre, spray urea Concentration be 0.5%~1.5%, the nitrogen content of urea is not less than 46%.
5) transplant:In the ridge Chuan Shangwa caves of planting area, when the white clouds seedling length on seedbed is to 20cm, sturdy seedling is selected Transplant in the cave dug, strain and strain spacing 1.7m.The spacing ensures that planting density is suitable, and Bai Yun Shen easily carries out photosynthetic work With, absorption nutrient, while it is also suitable for the breeding of Bai Yun Shen.
6) harvest:Bai Yun Shen the next winter harvests, and can dig out fleshy root after ground plant has been cut, and removes impurity. The fleshy root is Chinese medicine, has higher medical value and economic benefit.
The implantation methods of the present invention can improve the survival rate of Bai Yun Shen seedling, make seedling percent up to 75%, Bai Yun Shen 260~300 kilograms of fleshy root per mu yield, deducts cost, mu benefit is up to 8000~12000 yuan.

Claims (1)

  1. A kind of 1. implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
    1)Site preparation:Growing area is set in careless slope or the jungle on the sunny side of 400~1800m of height above sea level, farmers' is sprinkled in late April Fertilizer, planting site is ploughed deeply and ploughs the thin leveling of rake, does ridge;The ridge of doing is first to stamp ruling every 2 meters on the ground, is ditched, then by ditch In soil point raise to both sides, make 1.7 meters of row spacing, the ridge bed of 25-35 centimetres of furrow width is such as arid, is irrigated along ditch, in case broadcasting Kind;
    2)Compost, disinfection:By the stem of plant, leaf sealing isolation air 5~6 months, organic fertilizer is just decomposed, it is decomposed after organic fertilizer Mixed thoroughly on having cement flooring, prevent the pollution of harmful insect;Mu applies decomposed manure 2000~3000 in planting area cave Kilogram, it is laid with 2~5 cm thicks;Organic fertilizer and surrounding soil 1 kilogram of 1.5% -3% metrifonate of parathion-methyl of application per ton mix Close pulvis to carry out disinfection, 2.5-3.5 centimetres of thickness of earth-fill cover;
    3)Nursery:Late April chooses good, the sturdy seed of plant type, cloudy after being cleaned with washing powder, then when the 3-5 that is soaked in water is small It is dry;Bai Yun Shen seed is sprinkling upon on seedbed, watering ensures ground moistening, covers straw;The watering each watering sooner or later is once;
    4)Seedling management:It should shade during Bai Yun Shen seedling emergence, water, apply fertilizer, avoid shining upon, and remove weeds in time; The fertilising is after in mid or late June, seedling is unearthed, and starts July to spray urea, applies 20~30kg of urea per acre, sprays the dense of urea Spend for 0.5%~1.5%, the nitrogen content of urea is not less than 46%;
    5)Transplanting:In the ridge Chuan Shangwa caves of planting area, when the white clouds seedling length on seedbed is to 18-25 centimetres, sturdy children is selected In in the cave dug, strain is 1.5-2 meters with strain spacing for transplantation of seedlings;The spacing can ensure that planting density is suitable, and Bai Yun Shen is easy Photosynthesis is carried out, absorbs nutrient, while be also suitable for the breeding of Bai Yun Shen;
    6)Harvesting:Bai Yun Shen the next winter harvests, and after ground plant has been cut, fleshy root is dug out, and removes impurity;The meat Matter root is Chinese medicine, has higher medical value and economic benefit.
CN201510903933.6A 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 A kind of implantation methods of Bai Yun Shen Active CN105359814B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106922361A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-07-07 南京师范大学 A kind of Lisianthus continuous cultivation method
CN108739404A (en) * 2018-07-07 2018-11-06 云南澈川生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for tissue culture of medicinal plant Bai Yun Shen

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101433158A (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-05-20 重庆市中药研究院 Method for planting bulbus fritilariae
CN104488492A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-08 贵州宏福堂道地药材有限公司 Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula
CN104737758A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 中国科学院华南植物园 Culture method of companumoea root seeds
CN104885720A (en) * 2014-03-06 2015-09-09 支秀芳 Codonopsis pilosula planting method
CN104885767A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-09 刘世东 Planting method of fritillaria przewalskii

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101433158A (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-05-20 重庆市中药研究院 Method for planting bulbus fritilariae
CN104885720A (en) * 2014-03-06 2015-09-09 支秀芳 Codonopsis pilosula planting method
CN104488492A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-08 贵州宏福堂道地药材有限公司 Large-scale production method for Weining codonopsis pilosula
CN104737758A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 中国科学院华南植物园 Culture method of companumoea root seeds
CN104885767A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-09 刘世东 Planting method of fritillaria przewalskii

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
云参的特征特性及栽培技术;施桂仙;《云南农业科技》;20131231(第3期);第44页第1栏,第45页第3节 *
高山区臭参丰产栽培技术;赵云光 等;《吉林农业》;20131231(第14期);第47页 *

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