CN105352068B - A kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system - Google Patents

A kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105352068B
CN105352068B CN201510843844.7A CN201510843844A CN105352068B CN 105352068 B CN105352068 B CN 105352068B CN 201510843844 A CN201510843844 A CN 201510843844A CN 105352068 B CN105352068 B CN 105352068B
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temperature
direct current
type semiconductor
conditioning unit
storage power
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CN105352068A (en
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郭永辉
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Fujian Yingxue energy saving and Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Fujian University of Technology
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system, and the system comprises a cabinet, a refrigeration system, a temperature control system and a device of solar generating;The refrigeration system is set in cabinet, and the temperature control system is arranged in tank surface, and the temperature control system and refrigeration system are connect with device of solar generating respectively.The present invention also provides a kind of control methods of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system, realize energy-efficient dehumidifying, drying, heated multi-function in one, present device less investment, simple installation, operating cost are low, really realize comprehensive, efficient, energy conservation.

Description

A kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system
Technical field
The present invention relates to air dewetting, environment to adjust field, more particularly to a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifying Machine system and its control method.
Background technique
With the development and progress of society, people propose the air quality in life and work region in building and more want It asks, is constantly suggested higher requirement with the air humidity that craftsmanship, comfort are closely related.Such as the exhibition such as carving root, furniture The Room is easy the damage because of some products caused by open space is big, humidity is not easy to control.Currently, related air heats, cools down and remove Wet device comes into being, and conventional air heating, cooling and dehumidifying device generally utilize heat pump principle, and air is allowed to pass through Evaporator period cooling precipitation moisture, the heat for reabsorbing condenser make atmosphere temperature rising, and in this process, air is by cold But air themperature can become very low while moisture is precipitated, and reabsorb the heat of condenser to improve air themperature, cause below The heat of condenser is offset by front evaporator bring cooling capacity, the requirement for craftsmanship and comfort to temperature, Zhi Nengfu Air-conditioning equipment is helped to be met, while the air themperature around compressor can be increased with the increase of its working time, be caused whole The energy consumption of machine greatly improves.Therefore, it is necessary to study a kind of energy-efficient dehumidifying, dryer improves people's living standard.
The existing Chinese patent application No. is 201020264951.7 discloses a kind of high-efficiency air dehumidifier, is passing The dehumidifier of system adds a total-heat exchanger, and the air intake passage and air-out passage of this total-heat exchanger intersect to reach and improve The function of efficiency.
Existing application No. is 201220233180.4 Chinese patents also to provide a kind of air dewetting and heating device, should Dehumidifier by for input heat exchange cut-off heat conducting pipe and cooling fin constitute, although these technologies improve to a certain extent Efficiency, but be solely focused on and closed circulating dry system, do not account for the dehumidifying efficiency under opening large space, it is therefore desirable to develop It is a kind of that more energy-efficient dehumidifier meets the above demand comprehensively.
Summary of the invention
One of the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system System, realizes energy-efficient dehumidifying, drying, heated multi-function in one.
One of the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is achieved in that a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier System, the system comprises a cabinet, a refrigeration system, a temperature control system and a device of solar generating;The refrigeration system In cabinet, the temperature control system is arranged in tank surface, and the temperature control system and refrigeration system are sent out with solar energy respectively Electric installation connection;
The cabinet includes air inlet, moist chamber, discharge outlet, air duct, heating room and air outlet, the air inlet and Discharge outlet is set to moist chamber side wall, and the air outlet is set on heating room side wall, and the heating room and moist chamber pass through sky The connection of gas channel;
The refrigeration system includes compressor, throttle valve, condenser and evaporator, and the compressor, throttle valve, condensation Device passes sequentially through refrigeration piping with evaporator and is connected to form a circulation loop, the direct current of the compressor and device of solar generating Storage power connection, and the evaporator is set in moist chamber, it is indoor that the condenser is set to heating;
The temperature control system includes controller, circuit controller, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, voltage sensor, temperature Degree probe, moisture probe and the temperature conditioning unit for adjusting temperature, the controller respectively with circuit controller, temperature sensing Device, humidity sensor are connected with voltage sensor, and the temperature sensor heats indoor temp probe and set with being set to respectively In the indoor temp probe connection that dehumidifies, the humidity sensor is connect with the moisture probe being set in the outer working region of cabinet, The voltage sensor is connect with direct current storage power, and the temperature conditioning unit connects with circuit controller and direct current storage power respectively It connects, and the side wall of the heating room and moist chamber side wall are equipped with temperature conditioning unit, the temperature conditioning unit is by circuit controller control Make being raised and lowered for its temperature;
The device of solar generating includes photovoltaic module, solar controller and direct current storage power, the photovoltaic group Part and direct current storage power are connect with solar controller respectively.
Further, the side wall and moist chamber side wall of the heating room are equipped with a plurality of temperature conditioning units, and each institute Stating temperature conditioning unit includes that a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor, first metal heat-conducting plate and two the second metals are led The one end of hot plate, the P-type semiconductor in same temperature conditioning unit is connected by the one end of the first metal heat-conducting plate and N-type semiconductor It connects, and the other end of the P-type semiconductor and the other end of N-type semiconductor are connect with one second heat carrier respectively, it is described A part of first metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is worn outside the enclosure, second metal A part of heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is threaded through in cabinet, and second metal heat-conducting plate It is controlled by circuit controller to connect with the positive or negative pole of direct current storage power.
Further, the moist chamber is located at the lower part of cabinet, and the heating room is located at the top of cabinet, the heating room It is connected to moist chamber by the air duct in the middle part of cabinet.
Further, the air outlet is equipped with blower, and the blower is connect with direct current storage power.
Further, the air inlet of the cabinet and air outlet are respectively equipped with filter screen.
Further, the area of the photovoltaic module is 30 square metres, and the generated energy of the device of solar generating is 6kW。
The second technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier The control method of system realizes energy-efficient dehumidifying, drying, heated multi-function in one.
The second technical problem to be solved by the present invention is achieved in that a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier The control method of system, described method includes following steps:
Step 10 sets the humidity threshold of air in working region as Φd, heating room temperature TrSetting range be T1~ T2, dehumidifying room temperature TsFor T3And the minimal protection voltage of direct current storage power is V0
Step 20, humidity sensor continuously detect the air humidity Φ in working region, if Φ is less than or equal to Φd, then The solar air dehumidifier system does not work, and repeats step 20;Otherwise, if Φ is greater than Φd, then 30 are entered step;
Step 30, starting solar air dehumidifier system, refrigeration system connection direct current storage power, compressor operating, Refrigerant forms circulation loop after flowing through throttle valve, condenser, evaporator;
Temperature sensor continuously detects heating room temperature T by temp proberWith dehumidifying room temperature Ts, when heating room temperature When Tr is higher than dehumidifying room temperature Ts, start temperature control system, regulating box body temperature;
Voltage sensor continuously detects the voltage V of direct current storage power, when V is less than V0When, voltage sensor is to controller One signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect the connection of direct current storage power and temperature control system, and are sent out by solar energy Denso is set to direct current storage power.
Further, start temperature control system in the step 30, the detailed process of regulating box body temperature includes:
Work as TrGreater than T2When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, by not Indoor temperature conditioning unit will be heated with line connection and the indoor temperature conditioning unit of dehumidifying is connect with direct current storage power respectively, It reduces the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of heating room and improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of moist chamber, to reduce the Air Temperature of heating room Spend and improve the air themperature of moist chamber;
Work as TrLess than T1When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, by not Indoor temperature conditioning unit will be heated with line connection and the indoor temperature conditioning unit of dehumidifying is connect with direct current storage power respectively, It improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of heating room and improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of moist chamber, to improve heating room and moist chamber Air themperature;
Work as TrIn T1~T2Between when, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, The connection for disconnecting direct current storage power and temperature control system, to stop the work of the temperature control system.
Further, the connection type of the temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power specifically includes:
The temperature conditioning unit includes a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor, first metal heat-conducting plate and two The one end of second metal heat-conducting plate, the P-type semiconductor in same temperature conditioning unit passes through the first metal heat-conducting plate and N-type semiconductor One end connection, and the other end of the P-type semiconductor and the other end of N-type semiconductor respectively with one second heat carrier Connection, a part of first metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is worn outside the enclosure, described A part of second metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is threaded through in cabinet;
One of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature control of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that P-type semiconductor is connected in unit, and N-type half in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate that conductor is connected, under the action of electric field, condenser and outdoor in utilization refrigerant loop are utilized The difference of the temperature difference, so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion;
The two of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature control of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that N-type semiconductor is connected in unit, and p-type half in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate that conductor is connected, under the action of electric field, condenser and outdoor in utilization refrigerant loop are utilized The difference of the temperature difference, so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion.
The present invention has the advantage that
1, the operation power of present system relies on solar energy, energy conservation, economical and effective;
2, the difference of condenser (or evaporator) and the outdoor environment temperature difference of refrigerant loop in heat pump system, addition are utilized Temperature-controlling system greatly improves efficiency the effect of realizing heating, cooling supply by the semiconductor in temperature conditioning unit, keep the temperature;
3, operation of the present invention is simple, according to the variation of working region air humidity in building, in device of solar generating The size of the pressure of direct current storage power realizes the corresponding circuit system of switching by the switch that linkage adjusts circuit controller, Reach automatic control system, it is adaptable;
4, the present invention uses device of solar generating, refrigeration system and temperature control system, and realization dehumidifies, dries, heating more function Can be in one, equipment investment is few, and simple installation, operating cost are low, economic and reliable.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated in conjunction with the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of control method execution flow chart of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of the present invention.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
1- cabinet, 11- air inlet, 12- moist chamber, 13- discharge outlet, 14- air duct, 15- heating room, 16- air outlet, 17- filter screen, 18- blower;
2- refrigeration system, 21- compressor, 22- throttle valve, 23- condenser, 24- evaporator, 25- refrigeration piping;
31- controller, 32- circuit controller, 33- temperature sensor, 34- temperature sensor, 35- voltage sensor, 36- Temp probe, 37- moisture probe, 38- temperature conditioning unit, 381-P type semiconductor, 382-N type semiconductor, the first metal heat-conducting of 383- Plate, the second metal heat-conducting plate of 384-;
4- device of solar generating, 41- photovoltaic module, 42- solar controller, 43- direct current storage power.
Specific embodiment
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of the present invention, the system comprises a cabinets 1, one Refrigeration system 2, a temperature control system and a device of solar generating 4;The refrigeration system 2 is set in cabinet 1, the temperature control system It is arranged in 1 surface of cabinet, and the temperature control system and refrigeration system 2 are connect with device of solar generating 4 respectively;
The device of solar generating 4 includes photovoltaic module 41, solar controller 42 and direct current storage power 43, described Photovoltaic module 41 and direct current storage power 43 are connect with solar controller 42 respectively, and the area of the photovoltaic module 41 is 30 flat Square rice, the generated energy of the device of solar generating 4 are 6KW;
The cabinet 1 includes air inlet 11, moist chamber 12, discharge outlet 13, air duct 14, heating room 15 and air outlet 16, the air inlet 11 and discharge outlet 13 are set to 12 side wall of moist chamber, and the air outlet 16 is set on heating 15 side wall of room, institute The lower part that moist chamber 12 is located at cabinet 1 is stated, the heating room 15 is located at the top of cabinet 1, the heating room 15 and moist chamber 12 It is connected to by the air duct 14 at 1 middle part of cabinet, the air inlet 11 and air outlet 16 of the cabinet 1 are respectively equipped with filter screen 17; The air outlet 16 is equipped with blower 18, and the blower 18 is connect with direct current storage power 43;
The refrigeration system 2 include compressor 21, throttle valve 22, condenser 23 and evaporator 24, and the compressor 21, Throttle valve 22, condenser 23 and evaporator 24 pass sequentially through refrigeration piping 25 and are connected to one circulation loop of formation, the compressor 21 It is connect with the direct current storage power 43 of device of solar generating 4, and the evaporator 24 is set in moist chamber 12, the condenser 23 are set in heating room 15;
The temperature control system includes controller 31, circuit controller 32, temperature sensor 33, humidity sensor 34, voltage Sensor 35, temp probe 36, moisture probe 37 and the temperature conditioning unit 38 for adjusting temperature, the controller 31 respectively with electricity Road controller 32, temperature sensor 33, humidity sensor 34 and voltage sensor 35 connect, the temperature sensor 34 respectively with Temp probe 36 in heating room 15 and temp probe 36 in moist chamber 12 connect, the humidity sensor 34 with Moisture probe 37 in the outer working region of cabinet 1 connects, and the voltage sensor 35 is connect with direct current storage power 43, institute It states temperature conditioning unit 38 to connect with circuit controller 32 and direct current storage power 43 respectively, and the side wall of the heating room 15 and dehumidifying 12 side wall of room is equipped with temperature conditioning unit 38, and the temperature conditioning unit 38 is controlled the raising or drop of its temperature by circuit controller 32 It is low;The side wall and 12 side wall of moist chamber of the heating room 15 are equipped with a plurality of temperature conditioning units 38, and each temperature control list Member 38 includes first metal heat-conducting plate 383 of the N-type semiconductor 382, one of P-type semiconductor 381, one and two the second metals The one end of heat-conducting plate 384, the P-type semiconductor 381 in same temperature conditioning unit 38 passes through the first metal heat-conducting plate 383 and N-type half The one end of conductor 382 connects, and the other end of the P-type semiconductor 381 and the other end of N-type semiconductor 382 difference It is connect with one second heat carrier 384, first metal heat-conducting plate 383, a part and N-type semiconductor of P-type semiconductor 381 382 a part is threaded through outside cabinet 1, and second metal heat-conducting plate 384, a part of P-type semiconductor 381 and N-type are partly led A part of body 382 is threaded through in cabinet 1, and second metal heat-conducting plate 384 by circuit controller 32 control its with it is straight Flowing the positive or negative pole connection of storage power 43, wherein semiconductor material adulterates boron ion as p-type semiconductor material using silicon, Using silicon doping phosphonium ion as N-type semiconductor material, the first metal heat-conducting plate 383 is stainless with the second metal heat-conducting plate 384 Steel plate.
As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system, the method includes such as Lower step:
Step 10 sets the humidity threshold of air in working region as Φd, heating room temperature TrSetting range be T1~ T2, dehumidifying room temperature TsFor T3And the minimal protection voltage of direct current storage power is V0
Step 20, humidity sensor continuously detect the air humidity Φ in working region, if Φ is less than or equal to Φd, then The solar air dehumidifier system does not work, and repeats step 20;Otherwise, if Φ is greater than Φd, then 30 are entered step;
Step 30, starting solar air dehumidifier system, refrigeration system connection direct current storage power, compressor operating, Refrigerant forms circulation loop after flowing through throttle valve, condenser, evaporator;
Temperature sensor continuously detects heating room temperature T by temp proberWith dehumidifying room temperature Ts, when heating room temperature When Tr is higher than dehumidifying room temperature Ts, start temperature control system, regulating box body temperature;The starting temperature control system, in regulating box body The detailed process of temperature includes: to work as TrGreater than T2When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit control Device processed will heat indoor temperature conditioning unit by different line connections and the indoor temperature conditioning unit of dehumidifying is stored with direct current respectively Power supply connection reduces the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of heating room and improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of moist chamber, adds to reduce The air themperature in hot cell and the air themperature for improving moist chamber;Work as TrLess than T1When, temperature sensor refers to one signal of controller It enables, controller opens circuit controller, will heat indoor temperature conditioning unit by different line connections and dehumidify indoor Temperature conditioning unit is connect with direct current storage power respectively, is improved the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of heating room and is improved the temperature control list of moist chamber The temperature of member, to improve the air themperature of heating room and moist chamber;Work as TrIn T1~T2Between when (including Tr=T1And Tr=T2 The case where), temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect direct current storage power with The connection of temperature control system, to stop the work of the temperature control system;
Voltage sensor continuously detects the voltage V of direct current storage power, when V is less than V0When, voltage sensor is to controller One signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect the connection of direct current storage power and temperature control system, and are sent out by solar energy Denso is set to direct current storage power.
Wherein, the connection type of the temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power specifically includes:
The temperature conditioning unit includes a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor, first metal heat-conducting plate and two The one end of second metal heat-conducting plate, the P-type semiconductor in same temperature conditioning unit passes through the first metal heat-conducting plate and N-type semiconductor One end connection, and the other end of the P-type semiconductor and the other end of N-type semiconductor respectively with one second heat carrier Connection, a part of first metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is worn outside the enclosure, described A part of second metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is threaded through in cabinet;
One of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature control of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that P-type semiconductor is connected in unit, and N-type half in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate that conductor is connected, under the action of electric field, condenser and outdoor in utilization refrigerant loop are utilized The difference of the temperature difference, so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion;
The two of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature control of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that N-type semiconductor is connected in unit, and p-type half in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate that conductor is connected, under the action of electric field, condenser and outdoor in utilization refrigerant loop are utilized The difference of the temperature difference, so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion.
Below with reference to a specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described:
A kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system, described method includes following steps:
Step 10 sets the humidity threshold of air in working region as Φd=70%, room temperature T is heatedrSetting range For T1~T2(such as T1=45 DEG C, T2=60 DEG C), dehumidifying room temperature TsFor T3(T3=7 DEG C) and direct current storage power is minimum Protection voltage is V0(V0=8V);
Step 20, humidity sensor continuously detect the air humidity Φ in working region, if Φ is less than or equal to 70%, The solar air dehumidifier system does not work, and repeats step 20;Otherwise, if Φ is greater than 70%, 30 are entered step;
Step 30, starting solar air dehumidifier system;
Refrigeration system connects direct current storage power, compressor operating, after refrigerant flows through throttle valve, condenser, evaporator Circulation loop is formed, blower connects direct current storage power, and under the action of blower, the air of working region enters steaming by air inlet The moist chamber dehumidifying that device outer surface is formed is sent out, the moisture being precipitated in dehumidification process is discharged from discharge outlet, and the air after dehumidifying passes through again After crossing the oven heats formed by condenser outer surface, then working region returned to by air outlet, the direction of arrow is as shown in figure 1 Air flow direction;
Temperature sensor continuously detects heating room temperature T by temp proberWith dehumidifying room temperature Ts, when heating room temperature When Tr is higher than dehumidifying room temperature Ts, start temperature control system, regulating box body temperature;
Voltage sensor continuously detects the voltage V of direct current storage power, when V is less than V0When, voltage sensor is to controller One signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect the connection of direct current storage power and temperature control system, and are sent out by solar energy Denso is set to direct current storage power.
Wherein, start temperature control system, regulating box body temperature specifically includes step a, step b and step c;
Step a, work as TrGreater than T2When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, So that the anode connection of direct current storage power, which is located at, heats the second metal heat-conducting plate that indoor N-type semiconductor is connected, and direct current The cathode connection of storage power, which is located at, heats the second metal heat-conducting plate that indoor P-type semiconductor is connected, under the action of electric field, Using the difference of condenser in refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference, so that p-type half that condenser outer surface is formed plus room side heat The node temperature of conductor, N-type semiconductor respectively between the second metal heat-conducting plate, the second metal heat-conducting plate lowers, in nature Under the action of convection current and radiation, the temperature of air outlet is suitably reduced;Temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, control Device opens circuit controller, so that the anode connection of direct current storage power is located at P-type semiconductor is connected in moist chamber second Metal heat-conducting plate, and the second metal heat-conducting plate that N-type semiconductor is connected in the cathode connection plus moist chamber of direct current storage power, Under the action of electric field, using the difference of evaporator in refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference so that evaporator surface at dehumidifying P-type semiconductor, the N-type semiconductor of room respectively go up by the node temperature between the second metal heat-conducting plate, in free convection and spoke Under the action of penetrating, the temperature of the air after dehumidifying is increased;
Step b, work as TrLess than T1When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, So that the anode connection of direct current storage power, which is located at, heats the second metal heat-conducting plate that indoor P-type semiconductor is connected, and direct current The cathode connection of storage power, which is located at, heats the second metal heat-conducting plate that indoor N-type semiconductor is connected, under the action of electric field, Using the difference using condenser in refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference, so that the indoor P of heating that condenser outer surface is formed The node temperature between the second metal heat-conducting plate is gone up respectively for type semiconductor, N-type semiconductor, in the work of free convection and radiation Under, the temperature of air outlet is increased;Temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, So that the anode connection of direct current storage power is located at the second metal heat-conducting plate that P-type semiconductor is connected in moist chamber, and direct current The cathode connection of storage power is located at the second metal heat-conducting plate that N-type semiconductor is connected in moist chamber, under the action of electric field, Using the difference of evaporator in refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference so that evaporator surface at moist chamber P-type semiconductor, N Type semiconductor respectively go up by the node temperature between the second metal heat-conducting plate, under the action of free convection and radiation, passes through The temperature of air after dehumidifying is increased;
Step c, work as TrIn T1~T2Between when (including Tr=T1And Tr=T2The case where), temperature sensor is to controller one Signal instruction, controller open circuit controller so that the anode of direct current storage power, cathode simultaneously switch off in temperature control system The second metal heat-conducting plate connection, i.e. the temperature control system do not work.
Although specific embodiments of the present invention have been described above, those familiar with the art should be managed Solution, we are merely exemplary described specific embodiment, rather than for the restriction to the scope of the present invention, it is familiar with this The technical staff in field should be covered of the invention according to modification and variation equivalent made by spirit of the invention In scope of the claimed protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of control method of energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system, it is characterised in that: the system comprises one Cabinet, a refrigeration system, a temperature control system and a device of solar generating;The refrigeration system is set in cabinet, the temperature control System is arranged in tank surface, and the temperature control system and refrigeration system are connect with device of solar generating respectively;
The cabinet includes air inlet, moist chamber, discharge outlet, air duct, heating room and air outlet, the air inlet and draining Mouth is set to moist chamber side wall, and the air outlet is set on heating room side wall, and the heating room and moist chamber are logical by air Road connection;
The refrigeration system includes compressor, throttle valve, condenser and evaporator, and the compressor, throttle valve, condenser and Evaporator passes sequentially through refrigeration piping and is connected to form a circulation loop, the direct current electric power storage of the compressor and device of solar generating Power supply connection, and the evaporator is set in moist chamber, it is indoor that the condenser is set to heating;
The temperature control system includes controller, circuit controller, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, voltage sensor, temperature spy Head, moisture probe and the temperature conditioning unit for adjusting temperature, the controller respectively with circuit controller, temperature sensor, wet Degree sensor is connected with voltage sensor, and the temperature sensor is respectively and set on the indoor temp probe of heating and set on dehumidifying Indoor temp probe connection, the humidity sensor are connect with the moisture probe being set in the outer working region of cabinet, the electricity Pressure sensor is connect with direct current storage power, and the temperature conditioning unit is connect with circuit controller and direct current storage power respectively, and The side wall and moist chamber side wall of the heating room are equipped with temperature conditioning unit, and the temperature conditioning unit controls its temperature by circuit controller Degree is raised and lowered;
The device of solar generating includes photovoltaic module, solar controller and direct current storage power, the photovoltaic module and Direct current storage power is connect with solar controller respectively;
Described method includes following steps:
Step 10 sets the humidity threshold of air in working region as Φd, heating room temperature TrSetting range be T1~T2, remove Moist chamber temperature TsFor T3And the minimal protection voltage of direct current storage power is V0
Step 20, humidity sensor continuously detect the air humidity Φ in working region, if Φ is less than or equal to Φd, then the sun Energy airdryer system does not work, and repeats step 20;Otherwise, if Φ is greater than Φd, then 30 are entered step;
Step 30, starting solar air dehumidifier system, refrigeration system connect direct current storage power, compressor operating, refrigeration Agent forms circulation loop after flowing through throttle valve, condenser, evaporator;
Temperature sensor continuously detects heating room temperature T by temp proberWith dehumidifying room temperature Ts, as heating room temperature Tr high In dehumidify room temperature Ts when, start temperature control system, regulating box body temperature;
Voltage sensor continuously detects the voltage V of direct current storage power, when V is less than V0When, voltage sensor gives controller one signal Instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect the connection of direct current storage power and temperature control system, and by device of solar generating For direct current storage power.
2. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1, feature It is: starts temperature control system in the step 30, the detailed process of regulating box body temperature includes:
Work as TrGreater than T2When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, by not collinear Road connection type will heat indoor temperature conditioning unit and the indoor temperature conditioning unit of dehumidifying is connect with direct current storage power respectively, reduce It heats the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of room and improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of moist chamber, to reduce the air themperature of heating room simultaneously Improve the air themperature of moist chamber;
Work as TrLess than T1When, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, and controller opens circuit controller, by not collinear Road connection type will heat indoor temperature conditioning unit and the indoor temperature conditioning unit of dehumidifying is connect with direct current storage power respectively, improve It heats the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of room and improves the temperature of the temperature conditioning unit of moist chamber, to improve the sky of heating room and moist chamber Temperature degree;
Work as TrIn T1~T2Between when, temperature sensor gives controller one signal instruction, controller open circuit controller, disconnect The connection of direct current storage power and temperature control system, to stop the work of the temperature control system.
3. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 2, feature Be: the connection type of the temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power specifically includes:
The temperature conditioning unit includes a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor, first metal heat-conducting plate and two second Metal heat-conducting plate, the one end of the P-type semiconductor in same temperature conditioning unit pass through the first metal heat-conducting plate and N-type semiconductor one End connection, and the other end of the P-type semiconductor and the other end of N-type semiconductor connect with one second heat carrier respectively It connecing, a part of first metal heat-conducting plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is worn outside the enclosure, and described A part of two metal heat-conducting plates, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is threaded through in cabinet;
One of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that middle P-type semiconductor is connected, and N-type semiconductor in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate connected, under the action of electric field, condenser in utilization refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference are utilized Difference so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion;
The two of the line connection of temperature conditioning unit and direct current storage power are as follows: the anode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power The second metal heat-conducting plate that middle N-type semiconductor is connected, and P-type semiconductor in the cathode connection temperature conditioning unit of direct current storage power When the second metal heat-conducting plate connected, under the action of electric field, condenser in utilization refrigerant loop and the outdoor temperature difference are utilized Difference so that the temperature of temperature conditioning unit gets a promotion.
4. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1, feature Be: the side wall and moist chamber side wall of the heating room are equipped with a plurality of temperature conditioning units, and each temperature conditioning unit packet Include a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor, first metal heat-conducting plate and two the second metal heat-conducting plates, same temperature control The one end of P-type semiconductor in unit is connected by the one end of the first metal heat-conducting plate and N-type semiconductor, and the p-type The other end of semiconductor and the other end of N-type semiconductor are connect with one second heat carrier respectively, first metal heat-conducting A part of plate, a part of P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor is worn outside the enclosure, second metal heat-conducting plate, p-type half A part of conductor and a part of N-type semiconductor are threaded through in cabinet, and second metal heat-conducting plate passes through circuit control Device controls it and connect with the positive or negative pole of direct current storage power.
5. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1: described to remove Moist chamber is located at the lower part of cabinet, and the heating room is located at the top of cabinet, and the heating room and moist chamber pass through in the middle part of cabinet Air duct connection.
6. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1, feature Be: the air outlet is equipped with blower, and the blower is connect with direct current storage power.
7. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1, feature Be: the air inlet and air outlet of the cabinet are respectively equipped with filter screen.
8. the control method of the energy-efficient solar air dehumidifier system of one kind according to claim 1, feature Be: the area of the photovoltaic module is 30 square metres, and the generated energy of the device of solar generating is 6kW.
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