CN105347861A - Method for producing organic fertilizer by using industrial fermentation waste - Google Patents

Method for producing organic fertilizer by using industrial fermentation waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105347861A
CN105347861A CN201510605597.7A CN201510605597A CN105347861A CN 105347861 A CN105347861 A CN 105347861A CN 201510605597 A CN201510605597 A CN 201510605597A CN 105347861 A CN105347861 A CN 105347861A
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China
Prior art keywords
powder
fertilizer
chicken manure
humic acid
amino acids
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Pending
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CN201510605597.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李振刚
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Heilongjiang Kele Agricultural Co Ltd
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Heilongjiang Kele Agricultural Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510605597.7A priority Critical patent/CN105347861A/en
Publication of CN105347861A publication Critical patent/CN105347861A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to an organic fertilizer and a preparation method therefor. The organic fertilizer is industrial fermentation waste, prepared by fermenting and granulating the following components in percentage by weight: 25-30% of amino acid powder (which is fermentation waste for producing monosodium glutamate), 35-40% of humic acid powder, 35-40% of chicken manure and the like. By using the synergistic and comprehensive effect of the mixed microbial agent, absorption and utilization of plants to various nutrient elements is promoted, and utilization of the fertilizer can be greatly improved; and the purposes of improving yield, resisting diseases, resisting stress and improving quality of rice can be achieved.

Description

A kind of method utilizing industrial fermentation refuse to produce organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method utilizing industrial fermentation refuse to produce organic fertilizer.
Background technology
China is world agriculture big country, supports the population in the Liao Zhan world 22% with the arable land accounting for the world 9%, achieves huge achievement in agriculture production, but huge cost has also been paid in the behind of achievement.Over nearly 30 years, China is for meeting grain-production needs, and its agrochemicals drop into and reached quite high ratio.From the nineties in 20th century, China becomes chemical fertilizers production the biggest in the world and country of consumption.At present, China is one of area that global chemical fertilizer Input Level is the highest, the fertilizer application Liang Shi U.S. of unit surface and more than three times of world average level, annual total consumption is more than 1.2 hundred million tons, the rate of loss of chemical nitrogen fertilizer is up to 45%, and phosphorus, potassium deposition is serious, this means year loss number with hundred billion fund, waste a large amount of energy, also can cause the severe contamination of environment.
For a long time unreasonable use chemical fertilizer bring soil compaction, soil fertility decline, ecological damage, environmental pollution and agricultural byproducts quality decline problem, be subject to the great attention of national departments concerned and agricultural science and technology circle.In order to solve or slow down the pollution problem using chemical fertilizer to bring, many countries one side takes the consumption limiting chemical fertilizer in the world, and one side drops into a kind of free of contamination bio-feritlizer of a large amount of manpower and materials research with fertilizer for replacing chemical.Bio-feritlizer this development being also scientists is unanimously generally acknowledged of fertilizer for replacing chemical will get gesture.
Microbial fertilizer can utilize the vitality of microorganism and the effect of meta-bolites thereof, improve crop nutrition content supply, nutritive element, growth substance is provided to farm crop, regulate and control its growth, reach and improve output and oil recovery enhancement, minimizing fertilizer application, the fertility improving soil reduces and reduces the generation of sick (worm) evil, the object of environmental protect quality.Microorganism is by self breeding and Metabolic activity, the insoluble phosphorus be deposited in soil, potassium are carried out biology and dissociated, the ionic forms making it again become plant can to absorb, and by improving the preserve moisture and fertility ability of soil, the utilization ratio of nitrogenous fertilizer is improved greatly, thus comprehensively promote the utilization ratio of the fertilizer such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, reduce the applied amount of chemical fertilizer.Microorganism can also produce plant hormone substance, can stimulate and regulating crop growth, and make plant-growth healthy and strong, nutritional status improves.Due at crop root microbe inoculation, microorganism, in the breeding of crop root raised growth, forms the dominant bacteria of crop rhizosphere, limits the breeding chance of other pathogenic micro-organisms.Meanwhile, some microorganisms also have resistant function to pathogenic micro-organism, serve the effect alleviating crop pest.
Along with the develop rapidly of biotechnology, domestic monosodium glutamate enterprise constantly expands production, and the discharging of waste liquid of its fermentation industry can cause serious pollution, is how the best approach solving this problem by wasted resources.The model that the spray granulating of waste gourmet powder fermenting liquor is innoxious, recycling treatment is this kind of technology.But the waste material of the non-granulating of spray granulating process still needs process, and being added on composite microbe fertilizer is a good Land use systems.
Humic acid is rich in organic matter and multiple nutritional components, can improve the utilization ratio of the nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium; Meanwhile, can also preserve moisture and fertility, improve soil aggregate, increase interstices of soil, to fill and water evaporation rate plays stabilization soil is wet, thus improve the soil texture and structure, improve water retention and ventilation property, activating soil nutrient.
Chicken manure is a kind of fertilizer comparing high-quality.Chicken manure becomes the high-quality base manure of long-term cropping after fully becoming thoroughly decomposed.Essential substance in chicken manure is organic, can improve soil physics, chemistry and biological nature, vegetable soil, culture fertility.Use chicken manure fertilizer and both add many organic colloids, effect simultaneously by microorganism becomes organic colloid many organism also decomposition and inversion, this just considerably increases adsorption by soil surface, and produce many gummous substances, make that soil particle is cementing becomes stable crumb structure, improve soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation and ventilative performance, and regulate the ability of the soil moisture.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of formula and the production method that utilize industrial fermentation, humic acid powder and chicken manure production composite microbiological fertilizer.
Above-mentioned object is realized by following technical scheme:
The present invention relates to a kind of complex microorganism organic fertilizer material and preparation method thereof.It is characterized in that it is by industrial fermentation refuse, formed by fermentation, preparation comprising powder of amino acids (producing the fermentation wastes of monosodium glutamate), humic acid powder and chicken manure etc., weight percentage shared by each component is: powder of amino acids 25-30%, humic acid powder 35-40%, chicken manure 35-40%; The present invention utilizes the coordination with the synthesis effect of mixing microorganisms microbial inoculum, promotes that plant is to the absorption of various nutritive element and utilization, the utilization ratio that greatly can improve fertilizer; And volume increase, disease-resistant, degeneration-resistant and improve the object of rice quality can be played.
The composite microbiological fertilizer that the present invention relates to is become by following raw materials in parts by weight array: powder of amino acids 30%, humic acid powder 35%, and chicken manure 35%, ECMA complex microbial inoculum 0.1-0.3%(is mainly containing penicillium oxalicum, Bacillus subtillis).
The manufacture method of composite microbe fertilizer of the present invention, raw material is prepared according to the ratio of one of such scheme, first by powder of amino acids, humic acid powder, chicken manure mixes, fermented manure 100 days under field conditions (factors), then the fertilizer piled is ground into 100 object powder, re-use disc granulation system and carry out granulation, its particle diameter is 1mm-4.75mm, the fertile grain of screening 2mm-4mm particle diameter, , spray in the fertile grain entered in disk in proportion and use caramel colour, diatom ooze, the tackiness agent mixed solution of resin etc., ECMA microbiobacterial agent and fertilizer are attached on fertile grain in the ratio of 3:1000, and after 50 DEG C of hot-air seasonings, pack.
1. the present invention is according to the demand of the growth characteristic of farm crop and required growth encourage nutrition essence, in conjunction with industrial waste resource, humic acid, chicken manure, utilize the biological action of subtilis, penicillium oxalicum, promote the absorption of plant to these nutritive elements and the function of utilization.
2, the subtilis in the present invention, penicillium oxalicum play phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, increase the effectiveness of utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer, greatly can improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer.And several physiological active substances is produced in its breeding, process of growth, such as phytokinin, indolylacetic acid, Plant hormones regulators,gibberellins etc., can significantly improve the rooting ability of plant and the receptivity to some middle and trace element, Promoting plant growth is grown, and increases the anti-adversity such as drought resisting, Salt And Alkali Tolerance; The meta-bolites produced, effectively can suppress the growth and reproduction of pathogenic bacteria and virus in soil, and purification soil, alleviates the generation of soil-borne disease, thus reaches the object increased production and improve crop quality.
Embodiment:
Illustrate further the present invention by example below, and these enforcements do not limit the scope of the invention.
In following instance:
Microbial inoculum: Penicillium notatum, bacillus subtilis (BY1336)
Tackiness agent: caramel colour, diatom ooze, resin
Powder of amino acids: be the industrial waste after fermented gournet powder liquid extracts monosodium glutamate and tropina, through concentrated and that spray granulating is obtained byproduct, total nutrient >=12%, organic >=35%, it is good organic fertilizer raw material, for the sprouting of spore in soil provides important nutrients, and can supply plant slowly-releasing organic nitrogen source.
Humic acid powder is rich in organic matter and multiple nutritional components, can improve the utilization ratio of the nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium; Meanwhile, can also preserve moisture and fertility, improve soil aggregate, increase interstices of soil, to fill and water evaporation rate plays stabilization soil is wet, thus improve the soil texture and structure, improve water retention and ventilation property, activating soil nutrient.
Chicken manure is a kind of fertilizer comparing high-quality.Chicken manure becomes the high-quality base manure of long-term cropping after fully becoming thoroughly decomposed.Essential substance in chicken manure is organic, can improve soil physics, chemistry and biological nature, vegetable soil, culture fertility.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of farm crop composite microbiological fertilizer, is become by following raw materials in parts by weight array: powder of amino acids 30%, humic acid powder 35%, chicken manure 35%, subtilis 0.1%, penicillium oxalicum spore powder 0.1%.By powder of amino acids, humic acid powder, chicken manure is broken into 100 object powder.Then disc granulation system is used to carry out granulation, the fertile grain of screening 2mm-4mm particle diameter, the tackiness agent mixed solution using caramel colour, diatom ooze, resin etc. is sprayed in proportion in the fertile grain entered in disk, ECMA microbiobacterial agent and fertilizer are attached on fertile grain in the ratio of 3:1000, and after 50 DEG C of hot-air seasonings, pack.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of farm crop composite microbiological fertilizer, is become by following raw materials in parts by weight array: powder of amino acids 44%, humic acid powder 30%, chicken manure 26%, subtilis 0.08%, penicillium oxalicum spore powder 0.12%.By powder of amino acids, humic acid powder, chicken manure is broken into 100 object powder.Then disc granulation system is used to carry out granulation, the fertile grain of screening 2mm-4mm particle diameter, the tackiness agent mixed solution using caramel colour, diatom ooze, resin etc. is sprayed in proportion in the fertile grain entered in disk, ECMA microbiobacterial agent and fertilizer are attached on fertile grain in the ratio of 2.5:1000, and after 50 DEG C of hot-air seasonings, pack.
Embodiment 3:
Yushu city in Jilin province's rice test result shows, uses the composite microbiological fertilizer of embodiment 2, can not only make that paddy rice turns green fast, well developed root system, plant is in great numbers, leaf look dark green, and effectively can reduce the input quantity of inorganic elements.Survey product result to show, use the ratio of the paddy rice composite microbiological fertilizer of embodiment 2 to contrast every mu of volume increase 12.8kg, amount of increase in production reaches 2.32%(in table 1).
The table 1 paddy rice effect of increasing production 2012 year of composite microbiological fertilizer to paddy rice
Process Output (kg/ mu) Volume increase (kg/ mu) Volume increase (%)
Composite fertilizer (NPK45%) 25kg/ mu 552kg _ _
Paddy rice composite microbiological fertilizer 564.8 12.8 2.32
Embodiment 4
5 constant virtues, Heilungkiang organic rice plantation demonstration result shows, disposable mu executes embodiment 2 composite microbiological fertilizer 30kg, do not chase after any fertilizer between breeding time, still can ensure that robust plant, well developed root system, color and luster are dark green, not de-fertile, yield level remains basically stable (see table 2) compared with conventional fertilizer application.
Table 2 paddy rice affects 2013 with composite microbiological fertilizer to organic paddy rice output
The amino acid granular related in component of the present invention is the byproduct being produced in the process of monosodium glutamate the gained that ferments by the biochemical energy (Longjiang) company limited of China Oil and Food Import and Export Corporation.
The Penicillium notatum related in component of the present invention is penicillium oxalicum, derives from Chinese agriculture Microbiological Culture Collection administrative center.
The bacillus subtilis (bacterial classification BacillussubtilisY1336) related in component of the present invention is derived from the safe biotechnology company in Taiwan hundred.
The humic acid related in component of the present invention is local purchase.
The chicken manure related in component of the present invention is local purchase.

Claims (6)

1. an organic fertilizer, is characterized in that consisting of by weight percentage: powder of amino acids 25-30%, humic acid powder 35-40%, chicken manure 35-40%.
2. powder of amino acids according to claim 1 is after fermentation mother liquor extracts Sodium Glutamate and tropina, and the powdery waste of settling pocket during concentrated, spray granulating, its content is N+P 2o 5+ K 2o content is>=15%, organic content>=35%.
3. humic acid powder organic content according to claim 1 is 75%, and pH value is 5.
4. chicken manure according to claim 1, its effective total nutrient content is 4%, and containing organic matter about 25%, pH value is 8.
5. powder of amino acids according to claim 1, humic acid powder, chicken manure mix spontaneous fermentation compost 100 days in one or more ratios.
6. requirement according to claim 5 is by powder of amino acids, humic acid powder, chicken manure mixing spontaneous fermentation compost after 100 days, and use disk to carry out granulation, its particle diameter is 1mm-4.75mm, and after 50 DEG C of hot-air seasonings, pack.
CN201510605597.7A 2015-09-22 2015-09-22 Method for producing organic fertilizer by using industrial fermentation waste Pending CN105347861A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106083257A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 张铭强 A kind of Reducing amount of chemical fertilizer applied and crop quality, yield is double to be increased and micro-carbon fertilizer and its preparation method and application of improvement soil
CN106116797A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 张铭强 A kind of micro-carbon Anthocyanin promoting fruit coloring and completely filled fruit ahead of time and its preparation method and application

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503697A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-06-20 张建华 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103922850A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-16 哈尔滨方依达肥业股份有限公司 Compound microbial fertilizer for rice produced by utilizing fermenting and steel-making waste residues and method thereof
CN103922849A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-16 哈尔滨方依达肥业股份有限公司 Composite microbial fertilizer produced from fermented and industrial residues and preparation method thereof
CN104341206A (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-02-11 江苏汉菱肥业有限责任公司 Device for production of organic-inorganic composite fertilizer containing amino acid chelate and humic acid
CN104446708A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 成都新朝阳作物科学有限公司 Microbial fertilizer as well as preparation method and purpose thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503697A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-06-20 张建华 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104341206A (en) * 2013-07-29 2015-02-11 江苏汉菱肥业有限责任公司 Device for production of organic-inorganic composite fertilizer containing amino acid chelate and humic acid
CN103922850A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-16 哈尔滨方依达肥业股份有限公司 Compound microbial fertilizer for rice produced by utilizing fermenting and steel-making waste residues and method thereof
CN103922849A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-16 哈尔滨方依达肥业股份有限公司 Composite microbial fertilizer produced from fermented and industrial residues and preparation method thereof
CN104446708A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-25 成都新朝阳作物科学有限公司 Microbial fertilizer as well as preparation method and purpose thereof

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Title
杜娟: "用有机固体废弃物生产生物有机肥", 《中国资源综合利用》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106083257A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 张铭强 A kind of Reducing amount of chemical fertilizer applied and crop quality, yield is double to be increased and micro-carbon fertilizer and its preparation method and application of improvement soil
CN106116797A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 张铭强 A kind of micro-carbon Anthocyanin promoting fruit coloring and completely filled fruit ahead of time and its preparation method and application

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